Language in a Time of COVID-19: Literacy Bias Ethnic Minorities Face During COVID-19 from Online Information in the UK
ConclusionReadability of COVID-19 information is below national standards and that there is a lack of accompanying translated and graphics-based material online. This may lead to an amplified level of misunderstanding in BAME populations about the COVID-19 pandemic and the rulings put in place. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Denominational and Gender Differences in Hypertension Among African American Christian Young Adults
This study investigates whether denominational affiliation predicts within-group differences in odds of having hypertension among African American Christian young adults. Data from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used to examine hypertension differences between 1932 African American young adults based on self-reported religious denomination. Gender-separated logistic regressions included religious service attendance and coping measures, as well as personal characteristics and health behaviors to adjust for potential effects on BP. The odds of having hypertension we...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Implementation of Universal Colorectal Cancer Screening for Lynch Syndrome in Hispanics Living in Puerto Rico
ConclusionsOur data is consistent with the results from other studies including US Hispanics, where approximately 10% of Hispanic individuals with colorectal cancer have microsatellite instability. Our results support universal tumor-based screening for LS among Hispanics in accordance with National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Perfect Storm: COVID-19 Health Disparities in US Blacks
AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) accounts for over 180,000 deaths in the USA. Although COVID-19 affects all racial ethnicities, non-Hispanic Blacks have the highest mortality rates. Evidence continues to emerge, linking the disproportion of contagion and mortality from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), a result of adverse social determinants of health. Yet, genetic predisposition may also play a credible role in disease transmission. SARS-CoV-2 enters cells by interaction between SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and the receptor molecule angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) expressed on the...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Mortality Among Patients with Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in Africa
ConclusionsThe COVID-19 pandemic is evolving gradually in Africa. Among patients with COVID-19 in Africa, older age, presence of chronic disease, travel history, and the locations of Central Africa and West Africa were associated with increased mortality. A regional response should prioritize strategies that will protect these populations. Also, conducting a further in-depth study could provide more insights into additional factors predictive of mortality in COVID-19 patients. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturative Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among Chinese Immigrants: the Role of Gender and Social Support
AbstractThe USA has among the largest immigrant population of any country in the world, and over the past few decades, the proportion of Chinese immigrants in the USA has increased significantly. Immigrants may experience substantial acculturative stress as they learn to navigate their new environment, and this stress can contribute to depressive symptoms and poor mental health. Social support can help mitigate the effects of stress on depressive symptoms, but the protective effects of social support have been reported to differ between men and women. Thus, the present study examined associations of acculturative stress an...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Household Food Insecurity During the COVID-19 Pandemic: a Nationally Representative Study
AbstractPrevious research has demonstrated that the burden of household food insecurity is disproportionately high among racial/ethnic minority groups, yet no peer-reviewed studies have systematically examined racial/ethnic disparities in household food insecurity in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study on household food insecurity during COVID-19 used data from a nationally representative sample of US households through the 2020 Household Pulse Survey (HPS) (including all 50 states and the District of Columbia,n = 74,413 households). Six generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were est...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Denominational and Gender Differences in Hypertension Among African American Christian Young Adults
Readers should note that the “95% CI” column of estimates for Model 1 was erroneously included under the Model 2 heading in Table 2 in this article as originally published. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Sharing the Power of White Privilege to Catalyze Positive Change in Academic Medicine
A Correction to this paper has been published:https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-021-01002-x (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Educational, Health, and Economic Impacts of COVID-19 Among Haitians in the USA: Time for Systemic Change
AbstractHaitians are the fourth largest Afro-Caribbean immigrant group in the USA, and there is a dearth of research focusing on the factors impacting their lives. As a marginalized group with extensive pre-existing conditions, Haitian immigrants are disproportionately affected by the pandemic in areas such as education, health, and economics. This paper provides a summary of existing disparities among Haitians in the USA and how COVID-19 has significantly impacted this group. It concludes with an analysis of how theStrategic Framework for Improving Racial and Ethnic Minority Health and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Health...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“I Live in This Neighborhood Too, Though”: the Psychosocial Effects of Gentrification on Low-Income Black Men Living in Washington, D.C.
AbstractGentrification —the process by which middle-class individuals (often White) move into lower-income neighborhoods (often Black), consequently displacing existing residents and changing the neighborhood’s social character—is a relatively new and rapid phenomenon in Washington, DC. From 2000 to 2010, DC had the second fastest rate of gentrification in the USA. Gentrification is a major and disproportionate source of disadvantage for low-income Black DC residents. In light of the relative dearth of psychological research focused on gentrification, this study sought to answer the following research question s: Wha...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - September 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Territories Under Siege: Risks of the Decimation of Indigenous and Quilombolas Peoples in the Context of COVID-19 in South Brazil
AbstractThe current health, political, and environmental crisis ongoing in Brazil and the advances of the impacts of COVID-19 in traditional populations (as indigenous andquilombolas) are not yet prioritized in the scientific production about the novel coronavirus. We performed spatial correlation analysis to map the clusters and outliers of COVID-19 in South of Brazil to identify indigenous andquilombolas communities impacted right now in the pandemic. We show that communities located nearby metropolitan areas and mid-sized cities are the most impacted by the COVID-19 and the advance of the transmission to inner states ma...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - September 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Hospitalization and In-hospital Mortality at the Height of the New York City Pandemic
Conclusions and RelevanceBlacks were more likely than Whites to require hospitalization for COVID-19 while Hispanics were more likely to experience in-hospital mortality. Further investigation into the socioeconomic factors underlying racial disparities in COVID-19 survival and severity requiring hospitalization is needed on a national scale. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - September 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Role of Social Cognition in Medical Decision Making with Asian American Patients
AbstractAsian Americans, the fastest growing racial group in the USA, face a host of major health disparities. There are several reasons for these disparities, and one possible contributor is provider perceptions of Asian Americans, which in turn can affect their medical decision making when treating Asian American patients. There is evidence for the influence of provider perceptions on medical decision making among patients of other racial minority groups; however, literature on Asian American patients is lacking. The present paper addresses this gap in the literature by using social cognitive theory to outline the mechan...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - September 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Perfect Storm: COVID-19 Health Disparities in US Blacks
AbstractCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) accounts for over 180,000 deaths in the USA. Although COVID-19 affects all racial ethnicities, non-Hispanic Blacks have the highest mortality rates. Evidence continues to emerge, linking the disproportion of contagion and mortality from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), a result of adverse social determinants of health. Yet, genetic predisposition may also play a credible role in disease transmission. SARS-CoV-2 enters cells by interaction between SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and the receptor molecule angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) expressed on the...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - September 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research