“Could Be Even Worse in College”: Social Factors, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms Among Black Men on a College Campus
Discussions with men offered insight into their perspectives and personal experience s related to mental health issues and perceived risk factors. Themes suggest that the college transition, academic workload, perceived financial distress, and their desire and need to conform to ideals of masculinity were significant risk factors and stressors. Men offered descriptions of specific s ymptoms and health behaviors associated with such stress, including social isolation, anger, irritability, and changes in their own personal behaviors. Key findings paint a picture of college mental health experiences for some Black male colleg...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disparity in Obesity and Hypertension Risks Observed Between Pacific Islander and Asian American Health Fair Attendees in Los Angeles, 2011 –2019
ConclusionsPacific Islander participants had higher risk of several sentinel health problems compared to Asian American participants. Disaggregation of PI Americans from the APIA umbrella category in future studies is necessary to unmask the critical needs of this important community. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clients ’ Perspectives on Patient-Centeredness: a Qualitative Study with Low-Income Minority Women Receiving HIV Care in South Florida
The objective of this study was to identify current and potential patient-centered practices that facilitate adherence to medication and retention in care, from the perspective of racially and ethnically diverse women living with HIV. We implemented a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 75 African American, Hispanic/Latina, and Haitian women who were enrolled in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program in South Florida in 2019. We organized domains of exploration using a patient-centered care framework to identify practices in which providers acknowledged, respected, and responded to clients ’ preferences, nee...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Prevention and Care of COVID-19 Infection in Cincinnati Latinx Families: a Community-Based Convergent Mixed Methods Study
ConclusionPublic health interventions should be centered on community partnerships and the use of trusted messengers. Wraparound services (including resources for immigrants) are essential public health services. Close partnership with employers is essential as lack of sick leave and mask supplies were more frequent barriers than knowledge. These findings emerged from experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic but likely generalize to future public health crises. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 11, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Differences in Diagnosis of Overweight and Obesity: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009 –2016
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that the lower likelihood of Black Americans to be told they are overweight compared to their White counterparts can result in serious health implications. We posit that implicit biases among clinicians may partly explain this disparity, which may exacerbate health outcome inequalities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Participant Perspectives on the Effects of an African American Faith-Based Health Promotion Educational Intervention: a Qualitative Study
ConclusionOur study suggests that one approach to address multilevel factors in a culturally sensitive manner could include developing government-community partnership to co-create interventions. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Disproportionate Burden of COVID-19 Cases among Arab Americans
AbstractRacial and ethnic disparities in COVID-19 cases are pervasive. Some minority, immigrant, and marginalized groups, such as Arab Americans, have been excluded from the research. This population confronts barriers to health care, discrimination, and other factors that may affect understanding, testing, and treatment as it relates to COVID-19. Arab Americans are unique compared to Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, and Asians because Arab Americans do not have a specific ethnic identifier and are classified as non-Hispanic white. Given these issues, this study will estimate COVID-19 cases and examine associations among Arab...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy and Experiences of Discrimination Among Black Adults
AbstractEarly in the COVID-19 vaccine rollout, Black adults consistently reported more hesitancy than White adults, but few studies have examined variation in hesitancyamong Black adults or its associations with racial discrimination. Data were collected from Black Arkansas residents age 18 and older (n = 350) between July 12th and July 30th, 2021, as part of a larger survey of Arkansans (N = 1500). Participants were recruited through random digit dialing of both landline and cell phones, with oversampling of Black and Hispanic residents. Respondents reported COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, sociodemographic information...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 7, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Testing Communication Concepts on COVID-19 Contact Tracing Among Black and Latinx/Hispanic People in the United States
ConclusionsThis study highlights how strategic, culturally sensitive communication can buttress current and future contact tracing efforts, especially among Black and Latinx/Hispanic people. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 7, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Synchronous and Metachronous Bilateral Breast Cancer
ConclusionsAmong patients with BBC, there are racial and ethnic disparities in clinical characteristics, treatment, and mortality. Future studies should focus on strategies to reduce these disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of Mortality in Minority Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19 Infection
(Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clinical Trial Participation and COVID-19: a Descriptive Analysis from the American Heart Association ’s Get With The Guidelines Registry
We examined patients hospitalized with COVID-19 at centers participating in the American Heart Association ’s COVID-19 CVD Registry. The primary outcome was odds of enrollment in a clinical trial, according to sex, race, and ethnicity. Among 14,397 adults hospitalized with COVID-19, 9.5% (n = 1,377) were enrolled in a clinical trial. The proportion of enrolled patients was the lowest for Black patients (8%); in multivariable analysis, female and Black patients were less likely to be enrolled in a clinical trial related to COVID-19 compared to men and other racial groups, respectiv ely. Determination of specific reaso...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 5, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Variation in the Association Between Domains of Depressive Symptomatology and Functional Recovery in Stroke Survivors
ConclusionsDomains of depressive symptomatology were differentially associated with poorer functional recovery in Black and White stroke survivors. Psychosocial interventions aimed at alleviating depressive symptomatology have the potential to improve functional recovery in Black and White stroke survivors and should be addressed in planning rehabilitation post-stroke. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 4, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Fentanyl, Heroin, and Cocaine Overdose Fatalities are Shifting to the Black Community: An Analysis of the State of Connecticut
Conclusions and RelevanceConnecticut is a microcosm of the opioid overdose trend in the New England region of our country. The majority of overdose deaths in CT involved illicit drugs, fentanyl, heroin, and cocaine, rather than prescription drugs. Blacks 50-years-old and over showed the fastest growing overdose death rates. Opioid deaths are now shifting to the Black community, creating an urgent public health crisis. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 6, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Differential Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Social Vulnerability on COVID-19 Positivity, Hospitalization, and Death in the San Francisco Bay Area
ConclusionsCOVID-19 outcomes were not consistently explained by greater social vulnerability. Asian individuals showed disproportionately high rates of hospitalization regardless of social vulnerability status. Study of the San Francisco Bay Area population not only provides valuable insights into the differential contributions of race/ethnicity and social determinants of health to COVID-19 outcomes but also emphasizes that all racial groups have experienced the toll of the pandemic, albeit in different ways and to varying degrees. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research