An Investigation of Associations Between Race, Ethnicity, and Past Experiences of Discrimination with Medical Mistrust and COVID-19 Protective Strategies
This study investigates the associations between three forms of discrimination, race and ethnicity, general medical mistrust, health-specific COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs, and adherence to COVID-19 protective behaviors. Participants (n = 963) completed an online survey during May 2020, when stay-at-home orders and other government mandates were implemented in many states. Results indicate that everyday discrimination and healthcare discrimination were associated with significantly higher general medical mistrust, and healthcare discrimination and structural discrimination were associated with higher endorsement of health-sp...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Recruitment Strategies Used in a Survey of African Immigrant Maternal Mental Health in Alberta, Canada
This study evidently highlights the importance of utilizing multiple recruitment strategies to successfully meet the desired sample size for a survey study. We believe the lessons learned during the process of recruitment will be helpful for others working with other African immigrant women populations in Canada and in other Western societies. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Discrimination and Health-Related Quality of Life: An Examination Among Asian American Immigrants
ConclusionsThis study supports the association between racial discrimination and worse HRQOL among Asian Americans, which can inform future interventions, especially among men and those with low social support, aimed at improving the quality of life in this population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk of Drug Overdose Mortality for Island-Born and US-Born Puerto Ricans, 2013 –2019
AbstractIn the United States (US), individuals of Puerto Rican heritage die of drug overdoses at higher rates than other Hispanic groups or non-Hispanic Whites; yet, little is known about the extent to which drug overdose mortality affects island-born, versus US-born, Puerto Ricans. The distinction between Puerto Rican-born and US-born provides a starting point for culturally tailored services and interventions, as place of birth often informs language preferences and cultural identifications. Therefore, this study analyzed 2013 –2019 death certificate data from the National Center for Health Statistics for 415,111 U...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Childhood Growth Trajectories
This study expands previous literature by identifying different BMI growth trajectories for Black, Latino/a, and White children from birth to age nine. This study found a high prevalence rate of overweight and obesity in a predominantly low-income minority group. Using growth-based trajectory modeling, this study also found different growth trajectories by racial/ethnic groups, with Latino/a children having the most concerning growth trajectories from birth to 9 years. These findings demonstrate that ethnic/racial disparities in childhood overweight and obesity start as early as birth, indicating the need to devote more at...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Period Trends in Self-Rated Health at Midlife: Variations by Race/Ethnicity, Union Status, and Education
ConclusionThe findings demonstrate the interactions among race/ethnicity, gender, union status, and education in recent self-rated health trends. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Mental Health Help-Seeking Among Asian Americans: a Systematic Review
DiscussionThe findings showed a need for ethnic tailored approaches when supporting mental health help-seeking patterns. Asian ethnic group ’s immigration status, acculturation level, and psychological barriers to help-seeking should continue to be emphasized. Psychoeducational groups can be beneficial to expand the knowledge base surrounding mental illness and to link group members to culturally responsive resources. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Immigration Policy Changes and the Mental Health of Mexican-American Immigrants
AbstractIn recent years, significant policy changes focused on immigrants migrating through the southern United States border have been implemented. To determine if there was an association between time since immigration and increases in negative mental health symptomology, 249 Mexican-American immigrants ages 18 –65 were field recruited to participate in a survey exploring their physical and mental health. Results indicate that inconsistent with the Hispanic Health Paradox, the psychological health of immigrants arriving since 2015 was significantly worse than that of more established immigrants. New arri vals had a...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Richard Allen Williams, M.D.: a Career Fighting Disparities and Fostering Equity
AbstractThis is a literature review where we acknowledge Richard Allen Williams, the first African American physician to win the John P. McGovern Compleat Physician Award, and recognize his achievements in race and ethnicity in healthcare. There have been significant advances in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, racial disparities continue to create inequity in the medical community especially for African Americans. Dr. Williams founded the Association of Black Cardiologists (ABC) in 1974 to address the misperception about, and the misdiagnosis and maltreatment of African American patients. He...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using the Ecological Systems Theory to Understand Black/White Disparities in Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in the United States
AbstractMaternal morbidity and mortality (MMM) is a significant problem in the USA, with about 700 maternal deaths every year and an estimated 50,000 “near misses.” Disparities in MMM by race are marked; black women are disproportionately affected. We use Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory to examine the root causes of racial disparities in MMM at the individual (microsystem), interpersonal (mesosystem), community (exosystem), and societal (macrosystem) levels of influence. This review discusses the interaction of these levels of influence on racial disparities related to MMM—covering p...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

NIH Portfolio of Unintentional Injury Research Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Children: Current Landscape and Future Opportunities
AbstractUnintentional injuries (UIs) caused by accidental suffocation, burns, drowning, falls, poisoning, and motor vehicle accidents are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children (Dellinger and Gilchrist. Am J Lifestyle Med;2017). Notable racial and ethnic disparities exist in accidental suffocation among infants and in motor vehicle injuries (MVI) among youth. The purpose of this study is to examine the National Institutes of Health ’s funded research projects addressing UIs, using a socioecological framework, and to determine whether funded projects align with key priorities for unintentional in...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Contraception Use among Women of Childbearing Age in Southern Israel: A Comparison Between Two Ethnic Populations
AbstractPurposeTwo populations with different socio-demographic characteristics reside in southern Israel: the traditional Muslim Bedouin population and the Jewish population that leads a western lifestyle. The aim of the study was to assess the rate, pattern, and dynamics of the use of contraception in these two ethnic populations from 2006 to 2016 and to identify factors associated with the practice of effective and safe contraception.MethodsA retrospective study based on a computerized medical database. We recorded actual purchases of different forms of contraception by women of childbearing age (15 –49 years...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Sharing the Power of White Privilege to Catalyze Positive Change in Academic Medicine
AbstractWhite privilege can be often overlooked and poorly understood in academic medicine, by those who wield it, and by those who suffer from its deleterious  effects. Dr. Peggy McIntosh, a leader in research on equity and diversity in education, described white privilege as a set of unearned benefits that white people have based on being born white in a culture that favors the white race. White people have privilege because it was given to them by othe r white people, and it was taken by claiming superiority over people of color, starting before the European colonizations of Africa, Asia, and the Americas, and cont...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Deep-Structure Adaptations and Culturally Grounded Prevention Interventions for Native Hawaiians: a Systematic Review of the Literature
This article systematically reviewed the recent culturally relevant prevention intervention literature focused on Native Hawaiians. In this review, we assessed 14 peer-reviewed articles published between 2015 and 2020 that met inclusion and exclusion criteria pertaining to the development and/or evaluation of prevention interventions for Native Hawaiians. The reviewed studies evaluated ten different interventions that were developed using deep-structure adaptation or culturally grounded procedures, and primarily focused on prevention of substance use, obesity/diabetes, and pregnancy/sexually transmitted infections (STIs). ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Expectations and Preferences for Psychotherapy Among African American and White Young Adults
ConclusionsThe results of this study provide information about young adults ’ perceptions, expectations, and preferences related to mental health problems and psychotherapy. Findings suggest some barriers to treatment that might be addressed to improve treatment engagement and utilization of psychological services among young adults in general and among African American y oung adults specifically. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Feasibility of Patient Navigation and Impact on Adherence to Screening Colonoscopy in a Large Diverse Urban Population
ConclusionsExpansion of PN programs to navigate all patients referred for a colonoscopy was feasible in a large, urban setting. This can be implemented resulting in high overall adherence rates to screening colonoscopies. The program likely did not result in large ethnic disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Childhood Socioeconomic Status with Leukocyte Telomere Length Among African Americans and the Mediating Role of Behavioral and Psychosocial Factors: Results from the GENE-FORECAST Study
We examined if childhood socioeconomic status (SES) was related to adult leucocyte telomere length (TL) using the data of 361 African American (AA) participants from the GENE-FORECAST Study. We also assessed the mediating role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in the association between childhood SES and adult TL.MethodsChildhood SES was assessed individually by using participant ’s mother’s education and occupation, father’s education and occupation, parental home ownership, and family structure. TL was assessed using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction method. Information on potential confou...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Coronavirus Vaccine Distribution: Moving to a Race Conscious Approach for a Racially Disparate Problem
AbstractStrikingly ignoring the critical impact of systemic racism in vulnerabilities to the deadly coronavirus, phase one of the vaccine rollout is not reaching the Black population that has suffered the most from COVID. An urgent need exists for a race-conscious approach that ensures equitable opportunities to both access and receive the vaccines. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Expert Perspectives on Effective Community-Based Pediatric Healthcare for Low-Income Latino Families: Persistent Issues over Time
AbstractUS Latinos continue to experience significant health inequity, despite fluctuating healthcare policies over the past 20 years. Recent studies highlight the importance of comprehensive care and collaboration of stakeholders in reducing inequity. Few studies examine the perspectives of community-based organization leaders, health researchers, and policy experts regarding the most effective practices in the delivery of healthcare to Latino children and families. This unique study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional design to compare perceptions of effective practices and action strategies among two groups. Analys...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Identity in Transition: the Potential Impact of Ethnicity on Chronic Illness ’ Medication Adherence in Post-Soviet Country
AbstractPreviously, it has been shown that factors like ethnicity and proficiency of state ’s official language not only influence self-management abilities and medication adherence but may also indicate the level of trust in physicians, medication, and healthcare system. This research aims to examine the potential impact of ethnicity on medication adherence based on the example of a po st-Soviet country. The research was carried out as a quantitative survey among 303 hypertension and type 2 diabetes patients in Estonia, involving participants from ethnic majority and minority. Research was conducted in community pha...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in Diagnoses of Heterosexually Acquired HIV Infection Among Black/African American Males and Females in Seven Southern United States, 2014 –2018
AbstractRacial and geographical disparities exist in HIV infections in the USA. The highest burden of HIV diagnoses remains among Black/African American persons and is concentrated in the Southern region. This paper describes within-race changes in HIV diagnoses among heterosexually active Black/African American persons in seven states with the highest rates/100,000 population of HIV diagnoses in the South, during 2014 –2018. The total number of diagnoses among Black males and females with infection attributed to heterosexual contact decreased in 2018 compared to 2014. Diagnoses decreased among Black males and female...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Black Adolescent Experiences with COVID-19 and Mental Health Services Utilization
ConclusionsMental health service providers must address the service access and quality issues repeatedly reported by Black adolescents. Direct action must be taken to facilitate an increase in Black adolescents mental health services utilization and satisfaction. Changes are needed at the individual and macro levels to alter the experience of one of our most vulnerable groups. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disaggregating Asian American Cigarette and Alternative Tobacco Product Use: Results from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2006 –2018
AbstractIntroductionAsian Americans suffer high rates of smoking and tobacco-related deaths, varying by ethnic group. Trends of  cigarette and alternative tobacco product use among Asian Americans, specifically considering ethnic group, sex, and nativity, are infrequently reported.MethodsUsing National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data from 2006 –2018 and the 2016–2018 alternative tobacco supplement (e-cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, pipes), we explored cigarette and alternative tobacco product use by Asian ethnic group (Asian Indian (n = 4373), Chinese (n = 4736), Filipino (n = 491...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Assessment of the Role of Parental Incarceration and Substance Misuse in Suicidal Planning of African American Youth and Young Adults
AbstractSuicide rates among youth are increasing, and African American youth are becoming the most likely group to die by suicide in the USA. We utilized ecodevelopmental theory to investigate the relationship between parental incarceration and substance misuse and their association with suicidal planning in a sample of African American youth and young adults. Participants consisted of 190 African American youth and young adults living in public housing in a mid-Atlantic city in the USA who completed a youth health-risk behavior measure, and parental incarceration and substance misuse measures. Findings indicate males were...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 28, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Actual Racial/Ethnic Disparities in COVID-19 Mortality for the Non-Hispanic Black Compared to Non-Hispanic White Population in 35 US States and Their Association with Structural Racism
ConclusionsStructural racism should be considered a root cause of the Black –White disparity in COVID-19 mortality. Dismantling the long-standing systems of racial oppression is critical to adequately address both the downstream and upstream causes of racial inequities in the disease burden of COVID-19. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 27, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 Imperils Access to Health and Human Services in El Paso, Texas and New York City: Perspectives from Hispanic Parents
This study revealed increased financial insecurities and emotional distress, and disruptions to health and human services to low-income Mexican-born parents during the pandemic. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depression and Perceived Social Support in Asian American Medical Students
ConclusionMedical school administration should be aware of the unique needs of the heterogeneous population that comprises AA medical students. SAA students and those who identify as female are more likely to endorse symptoms of depression than their AA counterparts. Further research must be done to evaluate the factors that influence the mental health needs of AA medical students. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Assessing Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Prevention: Defining Two Attitudes Crucial for Understanding Systemic and Social Variables Associated with Disparities
This study tested a conceptual model identifying two distinct types of attitudes people may have toward following recommendations to prevent COVID-19. These attitudes were expected to be important for understanding types of systemic and social variables associated with health disparities such as racial discrimination, residential environment, lack of healthcare access, and negative healthcare experiences. The conceptual model was drawn from previous work examining adherence to medical recommendations that identified two distinct and consequential attitudes that influence behavior: perceived benefit (believing recommendatio...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Who Is Not Linking to HIV Care in Tennessee — the Benefits of an Intersectional Approach
AbstractIntroductionGuided by an intersectional approach, we assessed the association between social categories (individual and combined) on time to linkage to HIV care in Tennessee.MethodsTennessee residents diagnosed with HIV from 2012-2016 were included in the analysis (n=3750). Linkage was defined by the first CD4 or HIV RNA test date after HIV diagnosis. We used Cox proportional hazards models to assess the association of time to linkage with individual-level variables. We modeled interactions between race, age, gender, and HIV acquisition risk factor (RF), to understand how these variables jointly influence linkage t...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Differences in COVID-19 Vaccine Concerns Among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: The COMPASS Survey
AbstractBackgroundUnderstanding concerns for receiving COVID-19 vaccines is key to ensuring appropriately tailored health communications to increase vaccine uptake. However, limited data exists about vaccine concerns among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI).MethodsData from theCOVID-19 Effects on the Mental and Physical Health of AAPI Survey Study (COMPASS), a cross-sectional, national survey for AAPI adults in the U.S. were used (N=1,646). Descriptive statistics were used to assess sample characteristics including proportions of AAPI with various COVID-19 vaccine concerns, categorized asnone,side-effects only, u...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 14, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Patterning of Racial Discrimination Among a Diverse Sample of School-Aged Children in Australia
ConclusionsThe findings highlight the prevalence of racial discrimination among adolescents and how gender, country of birth and religion can increase risk of these experiences. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Epidemiology of COVID-19 Among Indigenous Populations in Brazil
ConclusionThese results enhance the observation that indigenous populations, even if relatively isolated, are exposed to COVID-19. The disease cases assessed showed a favorable evolution, which does not mean reducing the need for caring of this population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 12, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depressive Symptoms in Relation to Adverse Childhood Experiences, Discrimination, Hope, and Social Support in a Diverse Sample of College Students
ConclusionsEliminating racial/ethnic disparities in mental health requires concerted efforts to prevent and/or reduce ACEs and discrimination and identifying protective factors that can mitigate their relationship to depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Help-Seeking Patterns and Barriers to Care Among Latino Immigrant Men with Unhealthy Alcohol Use
AbstractLatino immigrant men have high rates of unhealthy alcohol use, a wide range of behaviors, from drinking above the recommended limits to severe alcohol use disorder, yet have low levels of treatment-seeking. Little is known about their preferred sources of care and barriers to care. Using survey data from a community-based sample of Latino immigrant men (N=121) with unhealthy alcohol use (AUDIT ≥6), we described help-seeking patterns and perceived barriers to care. The mean AUDIT score was 20 (SD 10; range 6–40), and 49% of men had severe levels of unhealthy alcohol use (AUDIT score ≥ 20). We observed lo...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare Rating, Diabetes Self-efficacy, and Diabetes Management Among Non-pregnant Women of Childbearing Age: Does Socioeconomic Status Matter?
ConclusionsThis study provides important information regarding diabetes health care ratings, self-efficacy, and self-management behaviors. Because of the increasing prevalence of diabetes among women of childbearing age, it is important to improve health care particularly for racial/ethnic minority women with diabetes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 7, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Incidence and Severity of Depression Among Recovered African Americans with COVID-19-Associated Respiratory Failure
ConclusionThe incidence of depression in a cohort of African American patients without prior psychiatric conditions who recovered from severe COVID-19 infection was 44%. More than 70% of these patients were not receiving treatment for depression. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation and Hypertension Diagnoses Among Hispanics in California
ConclusionThe results show a positive association between acculturation in the USA and hypertension diagnoses among Mexican Americans and Other Hispanics. The findings can help public health practitioners, medical providers, policymakers, and others better understand the potential influences of acculturation on Hispanic immigrants ’ health and inform the creation of culturally sensitive health promotion materials. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Asthmatic Symptoms in Children and Adolescents: the Role of Maternal Experiences of Racial Discrimination
ConclusionMaternal discrimination was associated with asthma symptoms and with non-atopic phenotype among their children. Enjoying wider social support network appears to buffer the effect on asthmatic symptoms. Intervention on childhood asthma needs to incorporate strategies that target the family. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Love, Judgement and HIV: Congregants ’ Perspectives on an Intervention for Black Churches to Promote Critical Awareness of HIV Affecting Black Canadians
AbstractWe assess participants ’ experience of Black Pastors Raising Awareness and Insight of Stigma through Engagement (Black PRAISE), an intervention for Black churches to promote critical awareness of HIV affecting Black Canadian communities. We used a community-based participatory approach to implement Black PRAISE among s ix churches in the Greater Toronto Area and Ottawa, in October–November 2016. For the intervention, congregants received a booklet with validated HIV-related information, attended a sermon on compassion and justice, viewed a short film on HIV-related stigma, and completed baseline an...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 31, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluating the Impact of Mobile Phone Technology on Health Outcomes for Latinos with Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractObjectivesTo assess whether a Spanish-language text messaging program helps Latinos with diabetes better manage their disease.MethodsSpanish-speaking Latinos with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c ≥ 8% (N = 38) were recruited January 1, 2016–May 31, 2016, at a large integrated healthcare delivery system. Participants received 1–3 Spanish-language text messages about diabetes self-care per day for 3 months with an optional 3-month extension. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test for paired data was u sed to compare pre-post intervention HbA1c. The Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney nonparametric test was u...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 31, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Proactive Recruitment of Older African-Americans for Alzheimer ’s Research with Brain Donation: a Cohort Case Study of Success
The Acknowledgement section missing from this article as published. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 31, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gendered Racial Microaggressions and Self-Silencing Associated with Suicidality Among Black Women Living with HIV
AbstractBlack women represent the majority of women living with HIV in the USA and their risk for suicide may be linked to the impact of psychosocial stressors experienced at the intersection of race and gender such as gendered racial microaggressions (GRMS) and silencing the self (to maintain harmony). However, little research has been done on the relationship between microaggressions, self-silencing, and suicidality among BWLWH. As part of an intervention development study, 119 BWLWH in the Southeastern USA completed a baseline assessment consisting of a clinical interview (e.g., Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Inter...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

African American Unemployment and the Disparity in Periviable Births
AbstractPeriviable infants (i.e., born before 26 complete weeks of gestation) represent fewer than .5% of births in the US but account for 40% of infant mortality and 20% of billed hospital obstetric costs. African American women contribute about 14% of live births in the US, but these include nearly a third of the country ’s periviable births. Consistent with theory and with periviable births among other race/ethnicity groups, males predominate among African American periviable births in stressed populations. We test the hypothesis that the disparity in periviable male births among African American and non-Hispanic ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnic Differences Among Black Men in Prostate Cancer Knowledge and Screening: a Mixed-Methods Study
This study was able to unveil a deeper understanding on the role of family history and knowledge on PCa among Black subgroups. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Addressing Justified Vaccine Hesitancy in the Black Community
AbstractThe Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a terrible and long-lasting impact on the world. As the infection spreads, the projected mortality and economic devastation are unprecedented. Racism and its subsequent effects on social and economic factors have resulted in the virus disproportionally effecting Black people. Given that the virus has hit the Black community the hardest, I am concerned now that vaccine hesitancy may perpetuate the health disparities that we are currently seeing in the numbers of infections and deaths taking place in the Black community. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 30, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic evolution in the Brazilian Indigenous population
ConclusionThe adoption of practices that can reduce the virus transmission among the Indigenous population and provide them with better access to treatment, mainly for the elderly, must be prioritized in Brazil. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Weight of Racial Discrimination: Examining the Association Between Racial Discrimination and Change in Adiposity Among Emerging Adult Women Enrolled in a Behavioral Weight Loss Program
ConclusionFindings suggest racial discrimination could contribute to greater cardiometabolic risk during this developmental period. Future research should examine how experiences of racial discrimination unfold in the daily lives of NHB women to inform mechanistic interventions to enhance health and well-being.Trial RegistrationNCT02736981. Low Intensity Weight Loss for Young Adults (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnicity and Language Differences in Patient Experience: an Analysis of the HCAHPS Survey
This study examined differences in quality of care (N = 6945) using the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. Data were collected between January 2014 and April 2019. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed relationships between ethnicity/language with individual items capturing specific components of care and global hospital evaluations using regression modeling.ResultsCompared to English-speaking non-Hispanic White patients, Spanish-speaking Hispanic/Latinx patients reported more positive interactions with nurses, physicians, and the hospital environment and reported a bet...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Racial Configuration of Parent Couples and Premature Birth: an Analysis of the Utah Population Database
AbstractIn this paper, we analyze detailed maternal and paternal race information in a 25-year time series of birth record data to consider racial inequities in premature births experienced by women of color and women within interracial parent couples. We analyze birth outcomes within Utah, a historically racially homogeneous state experiencing growing racial diversity and interracial marriage over the past two decades. Our analyses consider disparities in preterm birth according to maternal race and the interracial status of couples for all birth certificate records within the Utah Population Database from 1989 to 2015 (N...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Excess Deaths Among Blacks and Latinx Compared to Whites During Covid-19
This study examines racial/ethnic differences in excess deaths in the state of Connecticut during the Covid-19 pandemic.DesignThis is a cross-sectional epidemiological study to estimate excess deaths by racial/ethnic status utilizing mortality data during the peak months of Covid-19 infections from March 1 to June 30, 2020, in Connecticut. The following assumption is applied: expected non-Covid-19 deaths from March 1 to June 30, 2020, are equal to the number of deaths occurring during the period of March 1 to June 30, 2019. Race/ethnicity are defined as Non-Hispanic White, Non-Hispanic Black, and Latinx. Descriptive statis...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - March 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research