Racialization and Psychological Distress among U.S. Latinxs
This study investigated the relationship between race and psychological distress among Latinxs in the United States. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2010-2018, we estimated the relative risk ratios (RRR) of experiencing psychological distress among White, Black and Other Latinxs from Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. Results revealed that Black Latinxs experienced higher levels of psychological distress than their White counterparts. Additional analysis among and within groups showed that Puerto Ricans and Dominicans reported higher psychological distress than Mexicans, and that...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 3, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Perceived Discrimination During Prenatal Care at a Community Health Center
ConclusionAlthough perceived discrimination at this community health center was low compared to prior studies, Black women experienced higher rates of discrimination than other women of color. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 29, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Skin Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes and Sun Protection Practices in the Hispanic Population: A Cross-Sectional Survey
In conclusion, despite poorer skin cancer knowledge and sun protection practices, the Hispanic population had the highest concern for developing skin cancer and desire to learn more about skin cancer. Targeted and culturally relevant skin cancer and sun protection education for this group is needed. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 29, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Analysis of Trauma Injuries Among the Minority Population in Southern Israel —a District-Wide Study
ConclusionThis study highlights the lack of access to basic infrastructure and healthcare among Bedouins in southern Israel. The high proportion of penetrating injuries in this subpopulation is apparently due to explosions of unexploded ordnance. The unavailability of electricity and waste removal in unrecognized villages contributes to burn injuries among Bedouin children. Poor accessibility of healthcare facilities and emergency medical transportation necessitates travel to hospitals by private car. The findings should direct trauma prevention programs to reduce burn and penetrating injuries and to increase accessibility...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 28, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Exploring Biologic Treatment Hesitancy Among Black and Indigenous Populations in Canada: a Review
AbstractBiologics are becoming an increasingly important part of patient care across Canada. Recent studies from the USA show that Black patients are less likely than White patients to receive biologic treatment for several medical conditions. The relative lack of race-based data in Canada makes it difficult to replicate such studies in Canada. As a result, there is a paucity of literature that explores the association between biologic usage and race in Canada. Our review aims to explore the factors that might be driving racial treatment disparity in Canada that likely parallels the inequalities found in the USA. We provid...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Reducing Disparities in Electronic Personal Heath Records Use Among Non-Hispanic White and Hispanic Adults
ConclusionsEthnic disparities were reduced when PHR use was facilitated by having a usual source of care, active e-communication, and having access to mHealth apps. Interventions focusing on these three factors may potentially reduce racial/ethnic disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 27, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease in South Asian Immigrants: a Review of Dysfunctional HDL as a Potential Marker
AbstractSouth Asians (SAs) account for a quarter of the world ’s population and are one of the fastest-growing immigrant groups in the United States (US). South Asian Immigrants (SAIs) are disproportionately more at risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) than other ethnic/racial groups. Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder and is the m ajor cause of CVD. Traditional CVD risk factors, though important, do not fully explain the elevated risk of CVD in SAIs. High-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are heterogeneous lipoproteins that modify their composition and functionality depending on physiological or pat...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 21, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disparities in Underlying Health Conditions and COVID-19 Infection and Mortality in Louisiana, USA
ConclusionsThe study highlights the need to reduce the burden of health disparities in underserved communities, and help  to inform the public, scientific communities, and policy makers to plan effective responses to reduce the risks of COVID-19 infection, death, and other potential infectious diseases at the state. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 20, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of Access to Care Barriers and Their Effect on General Health Status Among Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Adults
This study utilized the 2014 Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander National Health Interview Survey (NHPI NHIS) data to evaluate access to care barriers among NHPI population and their effect on general health status. Access to care barriers were categorized as financial barrier (affordability) and non-financial barriers (availability, accommodation, acceptability, and accessibility). Overall, 13.7% reported of the fair/poor general health and over 30% reported at least one access to care barrier. Logistic regression model was used to evaluate how financial and non-financial barriers affect general health status, adjusting ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 20, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

“Could Be Even Worse in College”: Social Factors, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms Among Black Men on a College Campus
Discussions with men offered insight into their perspectives and personal experience s related to mental health issues and perceived risk factors. Themes suggest that the college transition, academic workload, perceived financial distress, and their desire and need to conform to ideals of masculinity were significant risk factors and stressors. Men offered descriptions of specific s ymptoms and health behaviors associated with such stress, including social isolation, anger, irritability, and changes in their own personal behaviors. Key findings paint a picture of college mental health experiences for some Black male colleg...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disparity in Obesity and Hypertension Risks Observed Between Pacific Islander and Asian American Health Fair Attendees in Los Angeles, 2011 –2019
ConclusionsPacific Islander participants had higher risk of several sentinel health problems compared to Asian American participants. Disaggregation of PI Americans from the APIA umbrella category in future studies is necessary to unmask the critical needs of this important community. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Clients ’ Perspectives on Patient-Centeredness: a Qualitative Study with Low-Income Minority Women Receiving HIV Care in South Florida
The objective of this study was to identify current and potential patient-centered practices that facilitate adherence to medication and retention in care, from the perspective of racially and ethnically diverse women living with HIV. We implemented a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 75 African American, Hispanic/Latina, and Haitian women who were enrolled in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program in South Florida in 2019. We organized domains of exploration using a patient-centered care framework to identify practices in which providers acknowledged, respected, and responded to clients ’ preferences, nee...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 14, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators to Prevention and Care of COVID-19 Infection in Cincinnati Latinx Families: a Community-Based Convergent Mixed Methods Study
ConclusionPublic health interventions should be centered on community partnerships and the use of trusted messengers. Wraparound services (including resources for immigrants) are essential public health services. Close partnership with employers is essential as lack of sick leave and mask supplies were more frequent barriers than knowledge. These findings emerged from experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic but likely generalize to future public health crises. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 11, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Differences in Diagnosis of Overweight and Obesity: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009 –2016
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that the lower likelihood of Black Americans to be told they are overweight compared to their White counterparts can result in serious health implications. We posit that implicit biases among clinicians may partly explain this disparity, which may exacerbate health outcome inequalities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Participant Perspectives on the Effects of an African American Faith-Based Health Promotion Educational Intervention: a Qualitative Study
ConclusionOur study suggests that one approach to address multilevel factors in a culturally sensitive manner could include developing government-community partnership to co-create interventions. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - April 8, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research