A National Survey Assessing COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy Among Arab Americans
DiscussionFactors such as high religiosity and gender were positively associated with being unlikely to receive a COVID-19 vaccine. Future studies should qualitatively assess the beliefs that undergird vaccine intention among Arab Americans. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 8, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 Inpatient Mortality Disparities Among American Indian Adults in Mississippi ’s Safety Net Hospital
ConclusionAlthough comorbidities were commonly observed among COVID-19  + American Indian inpatients, only one was associated with inpatient mortality. This challenges commonly cited theories attributing disparate COVID-19 mortality experiences among indigenous populations to disparate comorbidity experiences. Expanded studies are needed to further investigate thes e associations. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Discrimination and Health Among First-Generation Hispanic/Latinx  Immigrants: the Roles of Sleep and Fatigue
ConclusionSleep and fatigue play an important role in linking discrimination and health among first-generation Hispanic/Latinx immigrants. The development and implementation of interventions that focus on reducing fatigue among this population could mitigate the effects of unfair treatment on health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Stress Reduction to Decrease Hypertension for Black Women: A Scoping Review of Trials and Interventions
ConclusionsThis scoping review found that faith-based strategies and meditation can be effective stress reduction techniques to reduce BP among NHB women. However, much remains to be known about how these strategies may be leveraged to reduce blood pressure within this highly vulnerable population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

COVID-19 Inpatient Mortality Disparities Among American Indian Adults in Mississippi ’s Safety Net Hospital
ConclusionAlthough comorbidities were commonly observed among COVID-19  + American Indian inpatients, only one was associated with inpatient mortality. This challenges commonly cited theories attributing disparate COVID-19 mortality experiences among indigenous populations to disparate comorbidity experiences. Expanded studies are needed to further investigate thes e associations. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Discrimination and Health Among First-Generation Hispanic/Latinx  Immigrants: the Roles of Sleep and Fatigue
ConclusionSleep and fatigue play an important role in linking discrimination and health among first-generation Hispanic/Latinx immigrants. The development and implementation of interventions that focus on reducing fatigue among this population could mitigate the effects of unfair treatment on health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Stress Reduction to Decrease Hypertension for Black Women: A Scoping Review of Trials and Interventions
ConclusionsThis scoping review found that faith-based strategies and meditation can be effective stress reduction techniques to reduce BP among NHB women. However, much remains to be known about how these strategies may be leveraged to reduce blood pressure within this highly vulnerable population. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Educational, Health, and Economic Impacts of COVID-19 Among Haitians in the USA: Time for Systemic Change
AbstractHaitians are the fourth largest Afro-Caribbean immigrant group in the USA, and there is a dearth of research focusing on the factors impacting their lives. As a marginalized group with extensive pre-existing conditions, Haitian immigrants are disproportionately affected by the pandemic in areas such as education, health, and economics. This paper provides a summary of existing disparities among Haitians in the USA and how COVID-19 has significantly impacted this group. It concludes with an analysis of how theStrategic Framework for Improving Racial and Ethnic Minority Health and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Health...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Hospitalization and In-hospital Mortality at the Height of the New York City Pandemic
Conclusions and RelevanceBlacks were more likely than Whites to require hospitalization for COVID-19 while Hispanics were more likely to experience in-hospital mortality. Further investigation into the socioeconomic factors underlying racial disparities in COVID-19 survival and severity requiring hospitalization is needed on a national scale. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk and Protective Factors for Preterm Birth Among Black Women in Oakland, California
AbstractThis project examines risk and protective factors for preterm birth (PTB) among Black women in Oakland, California. Women with singleton births in 2011 –2017 (n = 6199) were included. Risk and protective factors for PTB and independent risk groups were identified using logistic regression and recursive partitioning. Having less than 3 prenatal care visits was associated with highest PTB risk. Hypertension (preexisting, gestational), previous PTB, and u nknown Women, Infant, Children (WIC) program participation were associated with a two-fold increased risk for PTB. Maternal birth outside of the USA and partic...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Institutional and Faculty Partnerships to Promote Learner Preparedness for Health Professions Education
AbstractBy the year 2060, it is projected that 57% of the US population will be members of minority groups, with no one group being the majority. While there is increasing diversity of the population, there remain significant disparities in morbidity and mortality affecting minority groups, and persistent low numbers of underrepresented students in the health professions. Increasing the numbers of underrepresented minority students in health care and decreasing the disparity gap have been a priority for many institutions. Increasing diversity requires an approach that not only involves health professions schools but also i...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Race, Nativity, and Sex Disparities in Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Among Young Adults in the USA
This study also investigated the associations between nativity and vaccination, and sex differences between race/ethnicity and vaccination and nativity and vaccination. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of adults aged 18 –26 years drawn from the 2014 NHPI National Health Interview Survey (n = 2590) and the general 2014 National Health Interview Survey (n = 36,697). Log-binomial models were fitted to examine differences in vaccination. There was a statistically significant racial/ethnic difference in HPV vaccination (p = 0.003). More women than men were vaccinated (41.8% vs. 10.1%) (p <...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Role of Social Cognition in Medical Decision Making with Asian American Patients
AbstractAsian Americans, the fastest growing racial group in the USA, face a host of major health disparities. There are several reasons for these disparities, and one possible contributor is provider perceptions of Asian Americans, which in turn can affect their medical decision making when treating Asian American patients. There is evidence for the influence of provider perceptions on medical decision making among patients of other racial minority groups; however, literature on Asian American patients is lacking. The present paper addresses this gap in the literature by using social cognitive theory to outline the mechan...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity Among African American Children and Adolescents: Risk Factors, Health Outcomes, and Prevention/Intervention Strategies
AbstractThis paper examines the biological, psychosocial, cultural, and obesogenic environmental factors that might account for the high prevalence rates of overweight and obesity among African American young children (aged 2 –11) and adolescents (aged 12–19). Research findings are discussed on the practices associated with the development of childhood obesity including maternal overweight and obesity, physiological predisposition, infant feeding practices, breastfeeding, rapid infant weight gain, sleep disruption, l ow nutrition diets, physical inactivity, and sedentary behavior. The psychological correlates of overwe...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - October 1, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research