Tuberculosis in Indigenous Persons — United States, 2009–2019
ConclusionTB among U.S. indigenous persons is associated with persistent and concerning health disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Black Community Conversations About Opposing Ethnically Targeted Marketing of Unhealthy Foods and Beverages
AbstractEfforts to reduce disparities in obesity prevalence affecting Black Americans are having limited success. One reason for this may be the disproportionate, ethnically targeted marketing of foods and beverages high in fat and sugar (FBHFS) to Black consumers. Such marketing promotes high consumption of FBHFS, leading to excess caloric intake and unintentional weight gain. We convened focus groups with Black men and women (totaln = 57) in collaboration with community groups in three localities to elicit their views, as consumers and parents/caregivers, about targeted FBHFS marketing and potential ways to combat it...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 20, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 Stay-at-Home Orders on Health Behaviors and Anxiety in Black and White Americans
ConclusionsThis study highlights the disproportionate changes to employment and income in Blacks, with no differential impact on health behaviors and anxiety compared to Whites due to COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, disproportionate changes to employment and income status may widen among Blacks and Whites, which may influence health behaviors and anxiety. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Rumination as a Mediator of the Association Between Racial Discrimination and Depression Among Black Youth
ConclusionConsistent with previous research, we found racial discrimination to be directly and indirectly associated with depressive symptoms among Black youth. Findings provide evidence of the cognitive burden of discriminatory experiences and suggest that rumination represents a potential pathway that can be targeted at early developmental stages to reduce the deleterious impact of racism-related stressors. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Misclassification and Disparities in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Among American Indians and Alaska Natives
ConclusionsCorrect racial classification is an important factor in improving data quality for AI/AN populations and establishing accurate surveillance to help address the disproportionate burden of neonatal abstinence syndrome among AI/AN. The results highlight the need for programing efforts tailored by insurance status and rurality for pregnant women using substances. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Differences in the Effect of HIV Status on Motor and Pulmonary Function and Mobility Disability in Older Adults
ConclusionBetter motor and pulmonary function exhibited by participants with HIV could reflect access to medical care. Racial differences in lung function among participants with HIV indicate potential disparities in prevention or treatment of pulmonary disease or underlying risk factors. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Analysis of Sex Practices and Behaviors Among African Americans in Sexually Concurrent and Sexually Exclusive Relationships
This study aimed to compare sex practices and behaviors among AA men and women in SC and SE relationships (N = 652). Results demonstrate differences in sexual practices and behaviors between SC and SE men and women. Overall, SC and SE women report condom use with male partners less frequently than SC and SE men. SC men were more likely to report substance use during sex compared to SC and SE women. Pr e-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use did not differ across groups. SE men were less likely to report STI testing and diagnosis compared to SC women. Findings support the need to focus on culturally and gender-specific safer ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Association Between Education and Basic Needs Insecurity for Marshallese During the COVID-19 Pandemic
DiscussionBasic needs insecurities are a serious threat to the health of Marshallese during the pandemic. Results from this study can inform interventions addressing food and housing insecurity, access to healthcare, and medication access for Marshallese communities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health Service Access Among Homeless Veterans: Health Access Challenges Faced by Homeless African American Veterans
AbstractVeteran homelessness is a public health crisis, especially among the disproportionate number of minority veterans in the homeless veteran population. African American homeless veterans in particular face unique challenges accessing appropriate health care services to meet their medical needs. Their needs are often underrepresented in the literature on veteran homelessness. Drawing together over 80 studies and government reports from the last two decades, this review provides a timely synopsis of homeless veterans ’ health care access, with a particular focus on the barriers faced by African American veterans. Thi...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Alcohol Use Disorder Risk and Protective Factors and Associated Harms Among Pacific Islander Young Adults
AbstractPacific Islander (PI) young adults (age 18 to 30 years) experience elevated rates of hazardous drinking, AUDs, and alcohol-related harms. Yet, we know little about the risk and protective factors that drive, or can prevent, PI young adult hazardous drinking behaviors and AUDs due to a lack of targeted alcohol disparities research. This large qualitative study presents data from 8 focus groups with 69 PIs (51 young adults, 18 informal providers) to explore the major risk factors, protective factors, and negative consequences associated with PI young adult hazardous drinking and AUDs. Findings revealed (1) major risk...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Death Among Hospitalized Patients Aged 21 –64 Years Diagnosed with COVID-19—New York City, March 13–April 9, 2020
Conclusions and RelevanceSelected underlying conditions were risk factors for death, and most prevalent among racial/ethnic minorities. Social services; health care resources, including vaccination; and tailored public health messaging are important for COVID-19 prevention. Strengthening these strategies for racial/ethnic minority groups could minimize COVID-19 racial/ethnic disparities. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 9, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Familial Financial Assistance and Body Mass Index in Black College Graduates
This study utilized data from an online survey o f Qualtrics standing panels including 451 non-Hispanic Black college graduates. Respondents were asked if they had provided or received any monetary gift or financial help from a family member in the past 12 months as well as their height and weight. Using linear regression and multiplicative inter action terms, the association between familial financial assistance and BMI was assessed by sex. Those who reported both giving and receiving familial financial assistance had higher BMI than those who neither gave nor received assistance (β = 2.80, standard error (s.e.) =...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 6, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Race, Ethnicity, and Neighborhood Food Environment Are Associated with Adolescent Sugary Drink Consumption During a 5-Year Community Campaign
ConclusionThese findings suggest that both race/ethnicity and neighborhood food environments are important considerations when designing interventions to reduce sugary drink consumption among adolescents. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial Disparity in Potential Occupational Exposure to COVID-19
ConclusionOccupation can be one of the risk factors for the current disproportionately high COVID-19 infection rates among Black and Hispanic workers. COVID-19-related prevention measures at high risk occupations, including providing adequate personal protective equipment, training, working space, and vaccinations, could help to reduce not only the spread of COVID-19 and infectious diseases but also their disproportionately high impact in certain minority racial and ethnic groups. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and Susceptibility to Hepatitis B virus and the Need for Community Health Education in Milwaukee ’s Hmong Community
This study sought to estimate the prevalence of HBV infection and assess the need for community HBV education within Milwaukee County’s Hmong.MethodsBetween 3/2013 and 12/2019, 287 Hmong participants were screened for HBV and 271 were provided targeted HBV education to evaluate its impact on HBV knowledge.ResultsAmong participants screened, 178 (62%) were immune; 77 (27%) susceptible; 27 (9%) positive; and 5 (2%) in a “gray zone.” Targeted health education showed statistically significant improvement in HBV knowledge.DiscussionWith 38% lacking immunity to HBV and 9% with active infection, there remains a significant ...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - August 3, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research