Tumor Molecular Profiling in Hispanics: Moving Towards Precision Oncology and Health Equity
The objective of our study was to characterize common somatic alterations and carcinogenic pathways among Puerto Rican Hispanics with solid tumors.MethodsWe conducted a single-institution, retrospective study to characterize molecular tumor profiles using a 592-gene NGS platform. Actionable mutations with current or developing therapies targeting affected genes/pathways were highlighted.ResultsTumors from 50 Hispanic patients were evaluated using CARIS Life Science © NGS testing. The median age of our study population was 55 (range 21–84); 54% (n = 27) were males. The primary tumor sites were colorectal (n = 24)...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - June 1, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Disaggregating Asian American Cigarette and Alternative Tobacco Product Use: Results from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2006 –2018
DiscussionFilipinos had the highest current smoking rates of Asian ethnic groups. Though more Asian men were current smokers, the high rate of current smoking among Filipinas is concerning. More US-born Filipinos were current smokers than foreign-born, despite rates typically decreasing for US-born Asians. Investigating cultural factors contributing to less frequent use of tobacco products, such as alternative tobacco products among Chinese, may aid campaigns in curbing tobacco usage. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare Rating, Diabetes Self-efficacy, and Diabetes Management Among Non-pregnant Women of Childbearing Age: Does Socioeconomic Status Matter?
ConclusionsThis study provides important information regarding diabetes health care ratings, self-efficacy, and self-management behaviors. Because of the increasing prevalence of diabetes among women of childbearing age, it is important to improve health care particularly for racial/ethnic minority women with diabetes. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racial and Ethnic Disparities Associated with Traumatic Brain Injury Across the Continuum of Care: a Narrative Review and Directions for Future Research
ConclusionsUnderstanding racial and ethnic  disparities is a first step in ensuring equitable care for all individuals with TBI, including raising awareness among clinicians and guiding the development of tailored interventions for racial and ethnic minority populations. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Childhood Socioeconomic Status with Leukocyte Telomere Length Among African Americans and the Mediating Role of Behavioral and Psychosocial Factors: Results from the GENE-FORECAST Study
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that participant ’s mother’s education was positively linked to adult TL in AA population. Participant’s own educational level partially explained this association. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ethnicity and Language Differences in Patient Experience: an Analysis of the HCAHPS Survey
This study examined differences in quality of care (N = 6945) using the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. Data were collected between January 2014 and April 2019. Bivariate and multivariate analyses assessed relationships between ethnicity/language with individual items capturing specific components of care and global hospital evaluations using regression modeling.ResultsCompared to English-speaking non-Hispanic White patients, Spanish-speaking Hispanic/Latinx patients reported more positive interactions with nurses, physicians, and the hospital environment and reported a bet...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Social Patterning of Racial Discrimination Among a Diverse Sample of School-Aged Children in Australia
ConclusionsThe findings highlight the prevalence of racial discrimination among adolescents and how gender, country of birth and religion can increase risk of these experiences. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Depressive Symptoms in Relation to Adverse Childhood Experiences, Discrimination, Hope, and Social Support in a Diverse Sample of College Students
ConclusionsEliminating racial/ethnic disparities in mental health requires concerted efforts to prevent and/or reduce ACEs and discrimination and identifying protective factors that can mitigate their relationship to depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Acculturation and Hypertension Diagnoses Among Hispanics in California
ConclusionThe results show a positive association between acculturation in the USA and hypertension diagnoses among Mexican Americans and Other Hispanics. The findings can help public health practitioners, medical providers, policymakers, and others better understand the potential influences of acculturation on Hispanic immigrants ’ health and inform the creation of culturally sensitive health promotion materials. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An Assessment of the Role of Parental Incarceration and Substance Misuse in Suicidal Planning of African American Youth and Young Adults
AbstractSuicide rates among youth are increasing, and African American youth are becoming the most likely group to die by suicide in the USA. We utilized ecodevelopmental theory to investigate the relationship between parental incarceration and substance misuse and their association with suicidal planning in a sample of African American youth and young adults. Participants consisted of 190 African American youth and young adults living in public housing in a mid-Atlantic city in the USA who completed a youth health-risk behavior measure, and parental incarceration and substance misuse measures. Findings indicate males were...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Racialization and Psychological Distress among U.S. Latinxs
This study investigated the relationship between race and psychological distress among Latinxs in the United States. Using data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) 2010-2018, we estimated the relative risk ratios (RRR) of experiencing psychological distress among White, Black and Other Latinxs from Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. Results revealed that Black Latinxs experienced higher levels of psychological distress than their White counterparts. Additional analysis among and within groups showed that Puerto Ricans and Dominicans reported higher psychological distress than Mexicans, and that...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The Weight of Racial Discrimination: Examining the Association Between Racial Discrimination and Change in Adiposity Among Emerging Adult Women Enrolled in a Behavioral Weight Loss Program
ConclusionFindings suggest racial discrimination could contribute to greater cardiometabolic risk during this developmental period. Future research should examine how experiences of racial discrimination unfold in the daily lives of NHB women to inform mechanistic interventions to enhance health and well-being.Trial RegistrationNCT02736981. Low Intensity Weight Loss for Young Adults (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in Diagnoses of Heterosexually Acquired HIV Infection Among Black/African American Males and Females in Seven Southern United States, 2014 –2018
AbstractRacial and geographical disparities exist in HIV infections in the USA. The highest burden of HIV diagnoses remains among Black/African American persons and is concentrated in the Southern region. This paper describes within-race changes in HIV diagnoses among heterosexually active Black/African American persons in seven states with the highest rates/100,000 population of HIV diagnoses in the South, during 2014 –2018. The total number of diagnoses among Black males and females with infection attributed to heterosexual contact decreased in 2018 compared to 2014. Diagnoses decreased among Black males and females in...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Association of Alcohol Use and Physical Activity with Body Mass Index in Mexican-Origin Adults
ConclusionsIn this study of Mexican-origin adults, current alcohol use and high PA were associated with lower BMIs, but there was no interaction between PA and alcohol use. These results can be used to inform multiple behavior change interventions in Mexican-origin adults. (Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities)
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Responding to Health Disparities in Behavioral Weight Loss Interventions and COVID-19 in Black Adults: Recommendations for Health Equity
AbstractCOVID-19 has disproportionately impacted Black adults with high prevalence and mortality rates. Obesity is a central factor in the severity of COVID-19 and related treatment. Behavioral weight loss interventions are an efficacious treatment for obesity, but consistently, Black men and women are minimally represented, and weight loss outcomes are less than clinically significant thresholds. This commentary draws parallels between COVID-19 racial disparities, disparate obesity rates, weight loss treatment outcomes, and underlying systemic racial context. This paper also indicates paths forward to address racialized s...
Source: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities - May 15, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research