Are we on the Same Page: a DyadicAnalysis of Parental Stress, Support, and Family Quality of Life on Raising Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractFamily systems are dynamic and interconnected, yet very limited research has considered both fathers ’ and mothers’ perceptions of family support, stress and Family Quality of Life (FQOL) in a dynamic manner, especially in the Chinese context. The current study examines the association between parenting stress, FQOL and family support using a dyadic approach. We employed the actor-partner inter dependence mediation model (APIMeM) to analyze a sample (N = 219 dyads) of Chinese fathers’ and mothers’ of children with autism spectrum disorder. Results suggested a strong actor effec...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 1, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

EEG Coherence in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autistic Features
AbstractUntil the advent of the DSM-5, the diagnostic systems excluded diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) and Autism in the same child. However, much debate exists surrounding the validity of this exclusion, with a number of studies identifying individuals who meet the diagnostic criteria for both disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate Electroencephalogram (EEG) coherence differences between two groups of children with AD/HD, where one group exhibited a high level of autistic features (AD/HD+), and the other was low on autistic features (AD/HD-). EEG coherence is a measure of structu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Use of an Exit Criterion for a Clinical Paediatric Feeding Case in-Home
AbstractThere are well-established empirically-supported treatments for paediatric feeding disorders (avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder; ARFID); however, more research is needed on their sole use, outside of specialised multidisciplinary feeding hospitals, and with older ages. Additionally, there is little research on the use of an exit criterion treatment. An 11-year-old male participated in a 2-week in-home programme. Treatment was solely behaviour-analytic and consisted of demand fading, choice, differential attention, contingent access, and exit criterion. We conducted repeated edible preference assessments and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 18, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Eye Movements and Attention of Very Low Birthweight Children during Single Word Reading
AbstractChildren born with very low birth weight (VLBW
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 10, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mindfulness Therapies for Improving Mental Health in Parents of Children with a Developmental Disability: a Systematic Review
AbstractMindfulness offers promise as a therapy approach for parents of children with developmental disabilities (DD), however its effectiveness in managing mental health symptoms remains unclear. This review quantitatively examines the comparative effectiveness of mindfulness-based and informed interventions, drawing on the evidence base from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Eight RCTs were identified from the Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus databases. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool and Hedges ’g effect sizes, with associated 95% confidence intervals andp values calculated. P...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 2, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reducing ‘Challenging’ Behavior by Training Support Staff to Promote Dignity and Respect
AbstractThe occurrence of ‘challenging’ behavior is commonly documented amongst people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Since behavior is not only a form of communication, but often in response to environmental conditions, it stands to reason that one mechanism to reduce ‘challenging’ behaviors would be to draw attention to people’s environmental conditions and well-being, such as people’s physical and mental health, and lack of opportunities and exclusion, and by treating people with dignity and respect. This research study aims to explore the relationship between...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 19, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

RouTEAM: Home and School Partnerships to Support Communication for Children with Complex Communication Needs
AbstractA workshop format is often the professional development (PD) model used by educators; however, research shows that workshops are often not sufficient to change educator behavior. Additionally, including caregivers in PD can promote shared decision-making and support children ’s transfer of skills between home and school environments. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of a PD intervention delivered to caregiver-educator teams that included team-based coaching to target adults’ use of evidence-based strategies delivered in a planned instructional sequence (i .e., CPR - create a communication opp...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Illness Perceptions in Pediatric Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Agreement between Children and their Parents, and its Association with Quality of Life
This study investigated agreement in illness perceptions of children with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) and their parents, the association between the child’s illness perceptions and QoL, and the relation between child-parent agreement in illness perceptions and the child’s QoL. Twenty -six children and their parents completed the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ) and the Kidscreen-52 QoL questionnaire (children only). Correspondence between children’s and parents’ illness perceptions was low. Generally, parents held more negative illness perceptions about SMA. Whe reas children’s ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Inferencing Abilities of Deaf College Students: Foundations and Implications for Metaphor Comprehension and Theory of Mind
This study examined comprehension of metaphor and sarcasm, assessing the contributions of hearing status, inferencing ability, executive function (verbal short-term/working memory capacity), and deaf individuals ’ communication skills (spoken versus signed language, cochlear implant use). Deaf and hearing college students completed a multiple-choice metaphor comprehension task and inferencing tasks that included both social-emotional (i.e., theory of mind) and neutral inferences, as well as short-term mem ory span and working memory tasks. Results indicated the hearing students to have better comprehension of nonlite...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 11, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Investigating the Association Between Using Night Braces and Sleep Habits of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Parental Quality of Life
AbstractTo examine the sleep habits of children with cerebral palsy  (CP) and use of night braces and to investigate their association with parental quality of life. The study included 114 children aged 3–6 (57 with typical development (TD) and 57 with CP). The children with CP were grouped according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and n ight brace use (NBU). “Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire-Abbreviated Form” and “Short-Form Health Survey” were used to investigate the children’s sleep habits and the parents’ quality of life, respectively. ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 1, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Fidelity of Implementation of a Manualized Social-Play Intervention
In this study, we evaluated three lessons from a manualized social play skills intervention, Play20. Play20 is a focused intervention that is designed to improve early social skill development in children with autism spectrum disorder through naturalistic play. First, we evaluated the procedural fidelity of instructor implementation of Play20, and we also evaluated the effects of an added instructor self-monitoring checklist in further improving instructor behavior. Finally, we evaluated the effects of Play20 on child play outcomes. Instructor procedural fidelity increased in the presence of the Play20 lessons, and further...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 1, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Domains of the Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire (CP QOL) for Children and Adolescents: Spanish Adaptation and Psychometric Properties
This study provides a valid instrument to assess the QOL of childre n and adolescents with CP in the Spanish context. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 26, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Thinking Styles and Student Engagement among Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
This study explores how students ’ thinking styles are related to their engagement, by administering the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II and the Student Engagement Scale to 225 deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) school students in mainland China. Results show that, among all participants, those with Type I styles (i.e., more crea tivity-generating, less structured, and cognitively more complex) had higher levels of student engagement, while those with Type II styles (i.e., more norm-favoring, more structured, and cognitively more simplistic) had lower levels. The contributions, limitations, and implications of the pr...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 23, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioural Characteristics Related to Adaptive Functioning in Young Persons with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Down Syndrome and Fragile x Syndrome
This study investigated which specific behavioural issues is best associated with adaptive functioning in three specific genetic syndromes. Behavioural issues were assessed in neurotypical (NT) (n = 43), Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) (n = 19), Down syndrome (DS) (n = 24) and Fragile X syndrome (FXS) (n = 23) participants ranging from 3 to 30 years of age. First, we compared the behaviours characteristics between these genetic conditions and also according to age within these clinical groups. Multiple regressions included five behavioural scales (CBCL/BSI) and ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 23, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mediating a Fragmented System: Partnership Experiences of Parents of Children with Neurodevelopmental and Neuromuscular Disabilities
AbstractThe nature of relationships between service providers and parents of children with disabilities influences the health and wellbeing of parents and ultimately the quality of life of their children. The aim of this study was to explore parents ’ perceptions of their partnerships with service providers. We explored what was and was not working within these service relationships and solicited ideas for improved partnerships and services. We employed a qualitative, participatory research approach and adapted the Reflexive Methodology of An alysis in Partnership developed by Boudreault and Kalubi (2006). Thematic a...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 23, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Edmark ® Reading Program: A Comparison of Computerized and Table Top Presentation in Reading Outcomes in Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractEvery child has the right to access the education curriculum in their least restrictive environment. Therefore, it is important that students with special education needs, such as autism spectrum disorder can access general education in inclusive environments. A between-groups design was used to investigate the Edmark ® Reading Program (ERP) across inclusive school settings, and self-contained classrooms, to compare its efficacy in basic teaching reading outcomes using both table-top and software format. Nine schools were randomized into two groups. There were between 2 and 8 students per school, and 31 student...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 13, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Family Perspectives toward Using Telehealth in Early Intervention
AbstractUsing telehealth in early intervention has the potential to increase family and child outcomes as well as to increase access to family-centered services. Yet, little is known about families ’ perspectives, including concerns, prior to using telehealth in early intervention. The purpose of this study was to explore families’ perceptions and attitudes toward using telehealth in early intervention. Nine focus groups were conducted with 37 families of children with disabilities. Overal l, participants preferred in-person visits (versus telehealth) for early intervention services. However, participants recog...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 11, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Functional Analysis and Treatment of Multiply Maintained Operant Vomiting
AbstractInterventions based on functional assessments, particularly functional analyses (FAs), are more likely to be effective relative to interventions that are not function-based. However, few clinical investigations have used FAs to assess operant vomiting. This is notable given that operant vomiting represents a medically serious form of problem behavior. To the degree that clinicians can conduct FAs, and use those results to inform function-based treatments for operant vomiting, they can reduce behavior that is associated with considerable medical risk and is also socially conspicuous and stigmatizing. In the current ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 4, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Digital Literacy, Access to Technology and Inclusion for Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractAccess to and use of digital technology promise positive impacts on young adults with developmental disabilities ’ social and economic integration, and on supporting their autonomy, and facilitating their inclusion into society. We conducted a scoping review, applying Arksey and O’Malley’s (International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32, Arksey and O ’Malley2005) approach, of peer-reviewed journal articles, to examine the barriers to access and utilization of digital technology to support the transition stage needs (in relation to education, daily living, community integra...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 2, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Impact of Ongoing Staff Development on the Health and Safety of People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractDirect support professionals (DSPs) provide people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with individualized, personal assistance in a wide variety of settings. There is currently a very high turnover for DSPs, due in part to a lack of training for DSPs. The aim of this study is to explore how ongoing staff development impacts the health and safety of people with IDD. Our research question was: how does ongoing staff development, geographic location, and agency size impact the health and safety of people with IDD? To explore this research question, we analyzed data from 74 human service organizatio...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 30, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Help-Seeking and Self-Efficacy among a Sample of Deaf Adults
AbstractMany individuals who experience psychological, interpersonal, and social distress do not seek help. Deaf and hard of hearing individuals who use American Sign Language (ASL) as their primary language face additional barriers, such as communication inaccessibility, stigma, and prejudice, which can further impede help-seeking. The purpose of this study is to examine help-seeking behaviors and self-efficacy in relation to stressful life events and identity and discrimination factors among a sample of 149 deaf and hard of hearing. Results indicated that there was a low level of help-seeking among the sample despite mod...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 28, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Autism Awareness Interventions for Children and Adolescents: a Scoping Review
AbstractResearch to date indicates that a significant contributing factor to the social experience in school and college for those with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) relates to peers understanding of their condition and the associated social challenges. The current review sought to examine evidence for autism awareness programs designed to improve peers ’ conceptions and understandings of ASD. Eleven studies were examined in relation to reported changes in aspects of autism awareness in students without ASD who had participated in an educational program or interventions about ASD. Reported interventions varied in le...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 26, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral Strength and Difficulty Profiles among Children with Neurodisability
Conclusions: The current study provides new insight into the heterogeneous nature of behavior among children with NDD/D. Considering a child’s unique constellation of strengths and difficulties may serve as a clinically me aningful supplement to diagnosis that more fully elucidates functional profile. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 18, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using a Virtual Number Line and Corrective Feedback to Teach Addition of Integers to Middle School Students with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractMathematics education is important for students with developmental disabilities. Additional research is needed that examines interventions to teach grade-level mathematics content to these students. In this single-case multiple probe across participants study, researchers explored the functional relation for four middle school students with intellectual disability and autism between the intervention package of a virtual number line and corrective feedback and solving addition of integer problems. Students solved more problems correctly with access to the virtual number line in comparison to baseline. They also main...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 14, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Comparing Special Education Experiences Among Spanish- and English-Speaking Parents of Children with Disabilities
AbstractDue to systemic barriers, Spanish-speaking (versus English-speaking) parents of children with disabilities are less likely to participate in educational decision-making. However, little research has directly compared special education experiences between both populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences and similarities between Spanish-speaking (n  = 12) and English-speaking (n  = 44) parents of children with disabilities. Specifically, six focus groups were conducted in either English or Spanish in two states. There were three main findings: exacerbated negative exp...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 10, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Regulated Versus Staff-Regulated Stimulation for Promoting Indices of Satisfaction in Persons with Severe/Profound and Multiple Disabilities
This study aimed to extend the assessment of two of those strategies (i.e., self-regulated and staff-regulated stimulation strategies) with 12 participants who were exposed to each strategy. During intervention sessions with self-regulated stimulation, the participants sat at a desk and received stimulation if they pushed a panel in front of them thus activating a smartphone ’s proximity sensor. During intervention sessions with staff-regulated stimulation, they sat at a desk and received stimulation independent of any response. All participants showed increases in indices of satisfaction with self-regulated stimulat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Differential Reinforcement of Acceptance without Escape Extinction in a Boy with Developmental Delays and Food Selectivity
AbstractAlthough differential reinforcement is procedurally simple, and a common component in intervention packages for feeding disorders, few published studies evaluated its effects in isolation. Even fewer studies have isolated the effects of differential reinforcement on feeding in free-operant arrangements. In the current clinical case study, we report the expansion of a practitioner ’s scope of competence to include the treatment of food selectivity by evaluating the effects of differential reinforcement of acceptance with high preferred food in a boy with developmental delays and food selectivity. Acceptance of...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 4, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Posterior Versus Anterior Walkers for Children with Cerebral Palsy-Biomechanical Analysis and Energy Consumption: a Systematic Review
AbstractSystematically review the comparison of anterior and posterior framed walker in terms of biomechanical analysis and energy expenditure and to discuss the implications for clinical practice. A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that evaluated the gait pattern, upper extremity (UE) kinetics and kinematics and energy consumption. Outcome measures and treatment results for them were identified. 6 studies met the criteria and were included in this systematic review. Gait analysis, UE kinetics and kinematics and energy consumption were all assessed in 4 different papers. Gait parameters were c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 3, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Evaluation of the Functions of Challenging Behavior in Toddlers with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractDespite the early onset of challenging behaviors, there is a lack of research investigating the function of challenging behavior in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and developmental disabilities (DDs). The current study evaluated group differences in the frequency and severity of five functions of challenging behavior (i.e., Attention, Escape, Nonsocial, Physical, Tangible). A total sample of 98 toddlers, aged 19 –40 months, were classified into the ASD group or the atypical development group. No group differences were found in regard to the reported frequency of the function of behavior. Gr...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Students ’ Perception of Classroom Environment in China and its Relationship to Creativity of Students Who Have Visual Impairments
This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of students with visual impairments (VIs) about their classroom environments; the creativity level of students with VIs; and the influence of classroom environments on the development of students ’ creativity. This study used the “Creative Classroom Environment Scale for School for The Blind” (CCES-SB) to investigate students’ perceptions of their classroom environment from five dimensions: teacher leadership, teacher support, student relationship, student communication, and student participation. The verbal sub-tests of “Evaluation of Potential ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral Assessment and Treatment of Aerophagia in an Adolescent with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Herpes Simplex Encephalitis
AbstractAerophagia is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by excessive swallowing of air associated with abdominal distension and pain, flatulence, belching, nausea, and vomiting. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an antecedent-based behavioral intervention on aerophagia with an adolescent female diagnosed with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), severe intellectual disability, and herpes simplex virus infection of the central nervous system with chronic static encephalopathy. Results from a functional analysis and multiple-component aerophagia assessment suggested that aerop...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Sibling Relationships, Disability, Chronic, and Mental Illness: Development of the Siblings ’ Experience Quality Scale (SEQS)
AbstractThe goal of this study is to propose the Siblings ’ Experience Quality Scale (SEQS), a measure for the assessment of cognitive, emotional and behavioral experience of adult individuals having a brother or sister with an intellectual/developmental disability, chronic physical illness or mental illness, on five dimensions: Closeness, Conflict, Jeal ousy, Self-Marginalization, and Worry. A sample of 213 Italian adult typically developing siblings (ages 18–69 yrs.) was used to demonstrate the psychometric validity of the scale. Results of confirmatory factor analysis, which resulted in high scores of g...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 28, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Maternal Parenting Style in Relation to Parenting Stress and Behavioral Outcomes in Japanese Children with and without Autism
AbstractThis exploratory study sought to compare the parenting variables of parenting stress, perceived social support, and parenting styles among Japanese mothers (n = 42) of children with autism and those (n = 36) without autism, and examine associations between children ’s internalizing and externalizing behaviors and these variables by using parent questionnaires. Results of independent t-tests revealed increased parenting stress symptoms among mothers of children with autism and lower levels of social support. Parenting styles did not significantly differ betwe en the groups. Regressi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 28, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Effects of Powered Mobility Device Interventions on Social Skills for Children with Disabilities: A Systematic Review
AbstractResearchers have established a link between motor and social development. Power mobility devices (PMDs) can impact the social skills of children who are unable to move independently. The purpose of this systematic review was to explore the evidence on PMD interventions on social skills outcomes of young children with disabilities (CWD) and to provide guidance for future research on PMD interventions. A systematic search was conducted using three electronic databases: PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature to identify relevant studies. Twelve articles met the inc...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 24, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teaching Tongue Lateralization as a Component of Chewing Instruction
This study evaluated the efficacy of a treatment package which included tongue lateralization as part of chewing instruction. Participants consisted of three children who consumed only pureed food and had no history of chewing. Using the outcome measures,tongue lateralization andchewing, we demonstrated improvements in these outcomes for each of the three children. Prior to the end of treatment, all three transitioned to table food and continued to consume table food in follow-up. In addition to measuring changes in observed outcomes, three speech pathologists not involved with the intervention independently rated video cl...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Quality of Life of Hearing-Impaired Middle School Students: a Cross-Sectional Study in Hubei Province, China
AbstractTo assess the self-perceived quality of life of in middle school student with hearing impairment and identify the social-demographic and clinical factors those influence their quality of life in Hubei Province, China. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in Hubei Province. Using stratified sampling method, 437 middle school students diagnosed with hearing impairment, aged 12-18  years, in special school setting were enrolled in the study. The Quality of Life Scale for Children and Adolescents (LSCA) was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics at t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teaching American Government Content to Students with Developmental Disabilities Using Technology and Constant Time Delay
In this study, two 18-year-old students with developmental disabilities received technology-supported instruction to assist with learning the content in their co-taught American government class. Two interventionists (i.e., a special education teacher and a researcher) implemented video modeling and used constant time delay procedures to teach the pictorial sequencing of three social studies topics on an iPad ®. As a secondary measure, students verbally explained the picture sequences. Researchers used a multiple probe design across behaviors and replicated across participants. Visual analysis indicated a functional re...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 13, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Caregivers of Children with Developmental Disabilities: Exploring Perceptions of Health-Promoting Self-Care
AbstractPrimary caregivers of children with developmental disabilities encounter unique challenges that can affect their overall health and well-being. This pilot study sought to explore the definitions of and experiences with health-promoting self-care in primary caregivers of children with developmental disabilities. Thirteen primary caregivers of children with developmental disabilities ranging in age from 3 to 21  years participated in a semi-structured interview to explore their health-promoting self-care, their current and future goals for health and wellness, and their interest in use of technology to facilitat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Feasibility and Initial Efficacy of a Cognitive-Behavioral Summer Treatment for Young Children with ASD
This study tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral summer treatment (summerMAXyc) for high-functioning young children, ages 4 –6 years, with ASD (HFASD; without intellectual disability). The treatment was conducted 5 days per week, 6 h per day, over 5 weeks in the summer and included skills instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social-communication skills, facial-emotion recognition, and interest ex pansion. Skills instruction sessions and therapeutic activities utilized direct instruction, modeling, role-play, performance feedback, and repeated prac...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the 12-Item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in Adult Patients with Motor Disabilities
AbstractTo explore the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 –12 item) in adult patients suffering from motor disabilities. The questionnaire of WHODAS 2.0–12 item was officially translated and cross-culturally adapted into Greek (WHODAS 2.0–12Gr).136 adult patients with motor disabilities included in the present observational study. A reliability study was carried out to explore WHODAS 2.0–12Gr’s internal consistency (Cronbach’sa), repeatability (Pearson ’sr) and test retest test-retest reliability ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Use of Repeated Reading with Systematic Error Correction for Elementary Students with Mild Intellectual Disability and Other Comorbid Disorders: A Systematic Replication Study
AbstractThis paper is a systematic replication of a previous study performed by Alber-Morgan et al. (2007) to examine the effects of repeated reading with systematic error correction (SEC) procedures to increase the reading fluency and comprehension skills of three elementary students with mild intellectual disability and other comorbid disorders. A multiple probe across participants design (Horner and Baer1978) was used to determine the effectiveness of the repeated reading intervention. During the baseline phase, the students read a passage aloud and orally answered comprehension questions. In the intervention phase, the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Comparison of Manual Sign and Speech Generating Devices in the Natural Environment
This study has important implications for social validity and long-term considerations of AAC. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

What Skills are Critical for Living in Supported Apartments and Small Group Homes?
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate critical independent living skills for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities who live in the community and common reasons individuals lose their residential placement. Participants included residential specialists from 26 states who worked at small group homes and supported apartments. A paper-based survey was mailed to 1000 randomly selected residential specialists using a proportional stratified sampling procedure; 280 completed surveys were used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics, chi square analyses, and a content analysis procedure were used...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Feasibility of the Assessment of the H-Reflex in Adult Dancers and Non-dancers with and without Down Syndrome: a Pilot Study
AbstractThe analysis of monosynaptic Hoffman ’s reflex (H-reflex) involves recording the response to electrical stimulation of Ia-afferent fibers from the muscle spindle. The H-reflex can be used as a probe to study spinal neuronal pathways and mechanisms at rest and during movement in humans. The purpose of this study was to analyze the fea sibility of the assessment of the H-reflex in people with Down syndrome (DS), and to compare it between adult dancers and non-dancers with and without DS. Twenty-five participants were included and divided into four groups (6 non-dancers and 6 dancers with DS and, 7 non-dancers a...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 21, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

How Common are Academic Overachievement and Underachievement in Children with Autism or ADHD?
AbstractThe prevalence of academic underachievement or learning disabilities in children with autism or ADHD (two groups at increased risk for such problems) has been extensively researched, but little is known about overachievement in these groups. The frequency of overachievement across academic domains compared to nondiscrepant achievement and underachievement in children with autism versus ADHD was determined. WISC-III/-IV and WIAT/-II scores were analyzed in 164 children with autism and 499 children with ADHD (6 –16 years of age, IQ > 80). Academic overachievement (achievement test standard sco...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 20, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Health and Life Satisfaction Among Parents of Children with Physical Disabilities
AbstractThe current study examined patterns of self-reported health and life satisfaction among parents of children with and without physical disabilities. Although research has shown that parents of children with disabilities face numerous challenges, no studies to date have exclusively focused on samples comprised entirely of families at risk for poverty and dissolution. The present study examines potential impacts of child disability on parent well-being above and beyond economic and social factors. The current study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Statistical analyses compared self-report...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of Prompt-Fading Procedures, Part II: Parameters and Components
AbstractInstructors use prompts to assist learners in acquiring skills and then fade those prompts until responding occurs under the appropriate stimulus control conditions. Cengher et al.Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 30, 155-173 (2018) reviewed studies that compared two or more different prompt-fading procedures. The current review extends the literature by analyzing studies that manipulated parameters and components of prompt-fading procedures. The data search and data analysis processes were similar to the ones reported by Cengher et al. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 30, 155-1...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Exploring the Appropriateness of Test Accommodations for Chinese University Students with Hearing Impairment
AbstractThis research evaluates the appropriateness of test accommodations among Chinese university students with hearing impairment, using reliability estimates and exploratory factor analysis. Study 1 explores the appropriateness of test directions accommodation for one nonverbal assessment (Group Embedded Figures Test) and two verbal assessments with increasing linguistic complexity levels (the Conceptions of Learning Inventory III and the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II) among 213 participants. Study 2 examines the appropriateness of combining test directions accommodation with language accommodation for the two r...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 29, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Embedding Public Engagement in Biomedical Research: a Pilot Experience in the Field of Rare Genetic Disorders
AbstractIn the last decade, international efforts have been focused on public engagement, to foster public involvement in the affairs and decisions of policy-makers and scientists, in order to open a mutual sharing of knowledge, values and beliefs. Our study describes a pilot experience of public engagement in a fringe field of biomedical research which involves caregivers of patients with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS). For the 20th anniversary of Italian CdLS family ’s association, a workshop focusing on progress and advancement of biomedical research on CdLS was organized for families. At the end participants w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 27, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Prediction of Energy Expenditure from Pedometer-Determined Step-Rate in Adults with and without Down Syndrome
This study examined the step-counting accuracy of the NL-2000i electronic pedometer and whether pedometer-measured step-rate accurately predicts the energy expenditure in adults with and without Down syndrome (DS). Participants were 15 adults with DS and 15 adults without DS. Participants completed three walking trials at: their preferred speed; 0.8  m·s−1; and 1.4  m·s−1. We measured VO2 with a portable open-circuit spirometer and step rate with NL-2000i worn on the non-dominant hip and hand-tally as the criterion. We used multi-level modeling to develop an equation predicting VO2. We c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 27, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research