Supporting Spanish-Speaking Families with Children with Disabilities: Evaluating a Training and Coaching Program
AbstractResearchers report that caregiver-implemented communication interventions are effective and feasible. However, limited information is available on training and coaching programs for families who speak languages other than English in their homes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a parent training and coaching program originally designed to support English-speaking families, then translated and modified to support Spanish-speaking families with young children with disabilities or speech delays. Specifically, this preliminary evaluation explored the extent to which the program had an impact on the following o...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of a Decision-Protocol Informed Toilet Training Intervention for Preschoolers with Disabilities
We describe a decision protocol for choosing among potentially efficacious toilet training interventions and tested its effects with 3 preschool participants with disabilities. We utilized a decision protocol (Keohane and Greer2005) to determine whether to initially implement interval or rapid training interventions as well as to determine whether adequate progress was being made with a particular toilet training intervention. We utilized the decision protocol to individualize toilet training procedure and evaluated its effects in a delayed multiple baseline design. Results indicated that the toileting skills of all partic...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teacher-Implemented Trial-Based Functional Analyses with Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders
AbstractThe utility of trial-based functional analysis (TBFA) in classrooms has been demonstrated. Few investigations have explored TBFA with individuals with emotional behavior disturbances, included modifications to conditions, evaluated results of interventions derived from TBFA, or compared the results of TBFA with a brief functional analysis (BFA). We attempted to address these limitations by (a) comparing results from TBFA and BFA; (b) incorporating modified functional analysis conditions to assess idiosyncratic contingencies; and (c) evaluating the outcomes of function-based interventions derived from functional ana...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of a Polish Version of the Parental Stress Index III (PSI III)
AbstractThe Parenting Stress Index (PSI) has been translated into multiple languages. The aim of the present study was to develop a Polish version of the PSI III. A total sample size of 678 parents (308 parents of children with ASD, 59 parents of children with Down syndrome, 65 parents of deaf children, 34 parents of children with other developmental disorders, and 212 parents without developmental disabilities) participated in the study. The Polish version of the PSI III was characterized by: (1) good internal consistency, (2) a three-factor structure, including Parent domain, Child domain, and the children ’s and p...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Writing Errors in Deaf Children
This article is aimed at deaf children literacy and addresses the error frequency in a writing sample. The dataset comes from a writing word task. The writing errors was classified into two types: lexical and phonological. The sample was composed of 199 deaf users of sign language, 15 deaf with hearing prosthesis, and 44 hearing children. All the participants were students of elementary school. As expected, the results show significant differences in type error (lexical vs. phonological) only in the deaf signer ’s group, with higher values in errors related to lexical route. However, we also found a positive correlat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Role of Moderators and Mediators in Implementing and Evaluating Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities-Related Policies and Practices
This article describes a comprehensive framework for incorporating moderator and mediator variables in program logic models and theory development as a useful way to better implement and evaluate policies and practices in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities related (IDD). Firstly, an overview of [program] logic models in the field of IDD is provided. Secondly, we present the role of moderator and mediator variables in program logics models. Thirdly, the role of moderators and mediators is explained in relation to outcomes through a systematic review in the Web of Science. Fourthly, a discussion about t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 4, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Description, Implementation Integrity, and Social Validity of a Computer-Assisted Sleep Monitoring System among Residential Care Providers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractSeveral subjective and direct methods have been used to measure and assess sleep patterns and problems among children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this paper, we describe the design, operating functions, and application of a computer-assisted system of sleep monitoring and data recording to improve measurement integrity of overnight care providers at a residential school. Descriptive and longitudinal evaluation conducted over a four-year evaluation period revealed that care providers averaged 91% implementation integrity with the system. A subsequent social validity assessment through survey qu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effects of Positive Reinforcement, Instructional Strategies, and Negative Reinforcement on Problem Behavior and Academic Performance: an Experimental Analysis
AbstractThe prevalence of students with behavioral problems who also have learning problems has been reported to be as high as 50% (Glassberg et al.Behavioral Disorders, 25, 9 –21,1999). In the current study, we progressively evaluated the effects of positive reinforcement, instructional strategies, and, if needed, negative reinforcement on both academic performance (i.e., on-task academic behavior, task accuracy, reading fluency) and problem behavior with two boys who displayed a combination of behavioral and learning problems at school. A three-phase analysis was conducted within a combination multielement and reve...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Correction to: Self-Perceived Scholastic Competence, Athletic Competence, and Physical Appearance Are Enhanced in Children and Young Adults with Physical Disabilities Following a Community-Based Running Program
The authors would like to correct a minor error in the article that occurred in the production process. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 24, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Linking Maternal Caregiving Burden to Maternal and Child Adjustment: Testing Maternal Coping Strategies as Mediators and Moderators
This study examined the links between maternal caregiving burden and maternal and child adjustment, and whether these links were mediated and moderated by maternal coping strategies. Cross-sectional data were collected from 173 Chinese families with kindergarten aged children with special needs in Hong Kong, China (mean age  = 61.53 months; 72% of them were boys). Using questionnaires, mothers rated their caregiving burden, use of different coping strategies, and the adjustment of themselves and their children with special needs. Results demonstrated that maternal caregiving burden was negatively associa...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 19, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychoeducation Interventions for Parents and Teachers of Children and Adolescents with ADHD: a Systematic Review of the Literature
AbstractAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric condition in childhood and adolescence. Psychoeducation has been recommended by different guidelines as an initial treatment for ADHD, however the effects of the intervention for reducing symptoms and improving other outcomes still need to be established. This systematic review investigated the magnitude of impact that psychoeducation interventions have on various outcomes in children with ADHD. A systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2018 was conducted of treatment outcome studies that investigated the effects of...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 18, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Appreciation of the ‘Subtle Changes’: Perspectives of Korean American Parents Raising Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThis qualitative study explored the experiences of Korean American (KA) immigrant parents of children with development disabilities (DDs) for their children with DDs living in the southeastern U.S. Using the Contextual Model of Family Stress as an organizing theoretical framework, we examined differences based on cultural characteristics,  parents’ gender, child’s age, and diagnosis. Twenty KA parents of children with DDs participated in the study. We used grounded theory methods to analyze the data. Four major themes emerged including source of difficulties, source of support, perceptions of devel...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Critical Review of Social Narratives
AbstractSocial narratives, or story-based interventions, are defined as stories that describe social situations, appropriate social behaviors to display, and when to display the specified behaviors. Social narratives are a commonly implemented and empirically evaluated procedure used to improve social behavior and decrease the probability of aberrant behavior for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Although social narratives are a commonly implemented and evaluated procedure, recommendations about their use and effectiveness is conflicting. This paper reviews six interventions that fit the definition of so...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Developmental Functioning and Screening Outcome for Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractBecause early intervention often leads to the best outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it is important that these children are identified as early as possible. Therefore, exploration of tools that could be used to identify at-risk children at an early age is needed. Such a tool could assist health professionals and their decision about whether to refer an individual for a full diagnostic assessment for ASD. Several studies have demonstrated and supported the use of screening algorithms created from measures of developmental functioning. The purpose of the current study was to explore the relat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Perceived Scholastic Competence, Athletic Competence, and Physical Appearance Are Enhanced in Children and Young Adults with Physical Disabilities Following a Community-Based Running Program
AbstractChildren and young adults with physical disabilities consistently report low self-concept across multiple domains. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine if a community-based running program working to improve physical activity patterns in children and young adults with physical disabilities also affected self-concept, and (2) identify specific self-concept domains affected by the community-based running program. Twenty children and young adults (17 males, 3 females, 7 –24 years) participated in a community-based running program. The 10-week community-based program occurred twice weekly with a ti...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Family Activities in Families Including a Young Child with a Significant Cognitive and Motor Developmental Delay: an Ecocultural Perspective
AbstractFamilies including a young child with a significant cognitive and motor developmental delay need to adapt their routines to the child ’s needs, while balancing the resources, needs and values of the whole family system. We aim to characterize if and how their routines are sustainable in terms of ecological fit, congruence and meaningfulness, in comparison with families including a typically developing child. Based on an adapted version of the Ecocultural Family Interview, conducted with one or both parent(s), the routines of 6 families within the study group and 5 families within the control group were analys...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 1, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Resurgence of Challenging Behavior Following Functional Communication Training for Children with Disabilities: a Literature Review
AbstractFunctional communication training (FCT) is highly effective in reducing challenging behavior and increasing appropriate communication in children with developmental disabilities. However, the challenging behavior may re-occur following successful treatment with functional communication training when the functional communication response contacts extinction. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the variables that reduce resurgence of challenging behavior following successful treatment. For the current review, the systematic search yielded 14 articles from the current literature that evaluated resurgence following...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Validation of English Language Adaptations of the Kidslife and San Martin Scales for Assessing Quality of Life with Individuals on the Autism Spectrum Receiving Residential Care
This study assessed the reliability and validity of English translations of the San Mart ín (n = 236) and KidsLife (n = 93) scales with individuals with concurrent diagnoses of Autism and IDD. All participants were between the ages of 17 and 52 years old (M = 30.7,SD = 8.51) and required full-time residential care. Scales were completed by educational (n = 39) and residential (n = 92) staff who had known the participants for a minimum of six months. Temporal stability (r  = .73–.97) and inter-language consisten...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Challenge of Studying Interaction in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during Play Activity with a Robotic Platform
AbstractThe present study aimed to assess the validity of using a robotic platform (RODDI) to increase and enhance communicative exchanges between educators and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. Nine children with ASD and intellectual disability and their educators took part in the study. Their communicative exchanges were assessed in two different settings: a normal play session and a RODDI play session. RODDI platform did not appear to enhance communicative exchanges in children with ASD. They produced a significantly lower number of vocal productions to the educators in the RODDI ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Staff Training in Intellectual and Developmental Disability Settings: a Scoping Review
AbstractFrontline staff are a valuable asset within an intellectual and developmental disability service. Their work dictates the overall standard of care delivered by the organization. However, there is evidence that the research relating to effective practice is having little impact on the competencies displayed by staff in the real-world setting. Therefore, a scoping review of published literature was conducted to investigate potential explanations for the inadequate dissemination of evidence-based practice in this sector. Systematic searches of relevant databases identified 156 papers for inclusion in the review. Pract...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Facilitating Play and Social Interaction between Children with Visual Impairments and Sighted Peers by Means of Augmented Toys
AbstractChildren with visual impairments (VIs) in mainstream education often experience social participation difficulties during peer play with sighted children. It was investigated whether augmented toys were effective to facilitate peer play and social interaction in 18 dyads of children with VIs and their sighted classmates. Eighteen children aged 4-to-11 with a visual impairment (mean age  = 7.46,SD = 2.19) and eighteen sighted classmates (mean age = 7.56,SD = 2.08) played with an augmented and with a non-augmented toy, using a counterbalanced crossover repeated m...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 29, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Covert Audio Coaching to Increase Question Asking by Female College Students with Autism: Proof of Concept
AbstractDeficits in social-communication skills are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Deficits in social communication progress into adolescence and adulthood, making complex social interactions particularly difficult and preventing the development of meaningful friendships. Interventions aimed to improve conversational skills needed to foster development of relationships for this age group are needed. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of instructional modules and covert audio coaching (CAC), on the frequency of question asking skills among college stud...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 27, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Effects of a Behavior Intervention Package on Augmented and Vocal Mands by Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractVarious types of augmentative and alternative communication systems have been successfully used to enable functional communication in children with developmental disabilities. The effects of such systems on natural speech production have also been investigated, but few studies have explored the effects of specific procedures aim at inducing natural speech within interventions focused on teaching functional use of augmentative and alternative communication systems. The current study investigated the effectiveness of a behavior intervention package for teaching functional use (manding) of an augmentative and alternat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 22, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Towards a More Family Oriented and Interdisciplinary Screening of Language Development in Young Children: Perceptions, Opinions and Desires of Caregivers of Children with and without Atypical Language Development
AbstractOnly a small number of children with atypical language development who can benefit from early intervention are actually identified before reaching school age. Our aim was to explore perceptions of caregivers of monolingual and multilingual children with and without atypical language development in order to provide relevant themes for improving language screening and referral in Well Child Care (WCC). We interviewed 38 Dutch caregivers of monolingual and multilingual children with and without atypical language development. They were recruited via kindergarten, nurseries, and speech and language pathologists. First, ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 20, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychological Benefits of Inclusive Soccer Program in Young Adults with and without Intellectual Disabilities
This study was aimed at investigating the effects of the inclusive soccer program on psychological benefits in young adults with and without intellectual disabilities (ID). In the current study, sport motivation, measured as the relative autonomy index, visuo-spatial working memory and selective attention aspects of executive function, measured as the computerized Corsi Block Tapping Test and Eriksen Flanker Test were assessed. Ten participants with ID and ten typical partners practiced soccer activities together for 50-min each session, twice a week for fifteen-week long. The whole practice sessions were monitored at mode...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 18, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

“Tourette’s Is a Lonely Place”: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the Personal Experience and Identity of Adults with Tourette’s Syndrome
This study, which we believe to be the first of its kind, aimed to expand the litera ture by ‘giving voice’ to this population, and to evaluate the social and personal cost of living with TS during adulthood. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen adults with Tourette’s that focused on how they negotiated their identity and experiences. Transcripts of recorded interviews were subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged: a) “Incorporating Tourette’s syndrome into self” revealed two divergent ways in which TS was merged into the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Maternal Acceptance –Rejection and Mother–Child Interaction in Turkish Mothers of Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThe study evaluates the relationship between mothers ’ perceptions of being accepted or rejected by their mothers as children and the quality of mother–child interaction in mothers with developmental disabilities. The mothers’ and children’s ages ranged from 25 to 56 (x = 35.05) and 12 to 72 months (x = 52), respectively. A total of 1 03 children were involved in the study (80 boys and 23 girls); 57 children were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and 46 with other developmental disabilities. Parental Acceptance–Rejection Scale / Mother Assessment ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Establishing Peer Manding in Young Children with Autism Using a Speech-Generating Device
This study evaluated the use of theinterrupted chain procedure in the establishment of peer manding for three young children with a diagnosis of autism. The procedures involved the presentation of a task related activity (i.e., puzzle) and the neuro-typical peer interrupted the behavioral chain of task completing by withholding the final piece needed to complete the task. An iPad ® based SGD was used as an AAC for the participants to mand for the missing item needed to complete the task related activity from the peer. Additionally, a five-second-time delay with full physical prompts was used for instructional purposes....
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Youth and Parent Illness Appraisals and Adjustment in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease
AbstractYouth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and their parents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment difficulties, potentially due to the uncertain and intrusive nature of IBD. However, empirical investigations have yet to assess the contribution of these unique disease features to adjustment outcomes. Our aim was to examine: 1) the influence of youth and parent perceptions of illness uncertainty and illness intrusiveness on youth adjustment; and 2) examine the influence of youth and parent perceived uncertainty and intrusiveness on parent adjustment. Youth with IBD (N = 107) and their pri...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Reported Anxiety, Depression and Coping in Parents of Children with Phenylketonuria
AbstractLimited published research has evaluated mental health in parents of children with phenylketonuria (PKU) and their coping strategies. We aimed to assess anxiety, depression and coping in parents of Tunisian children treated for PKU. We conducted a cross-sectional study in the reference center for the management of inherited metabolic diseases in Tunisia. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale and the Brief-COPE. Dependent variables were anxiety, depression, HAD Depression (HADD) and Anxiety (HADA) scores, and coping scores. Linear regression and logistic binary regression were used for multivariate...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 24, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Training Change Agents how to Implement Formal Preference Assessments: a Review of the Literature
AbstractFormal preference assessments are commonly implemented as a way to evaluate potential reinforcers for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, developmental disabilities, and intellectual disabilities. Today there are numerous formal preference assessments that can be used clinically, and which have been evaluated empirically. Therefore, formal preference assessments are a procedure that behavior analysts, professionals (e.g., teachers or paraprofessionals), and students are trained to implement accurately. This review of the literature included 19 articles, with 21 experiments, that evaluated different...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Systematic Evaluation of Variables Associated with Emesis: A Case Study
AbstractRecurrent emesis (i.e., vomiting) during mealtime is often a great concern of caregivers of children with pediatric feeding disorders. Identifying the cause and treating the emesis may be difficult due to the multiple factors that may contribute to the occurrence overtime. Emesis may result from various factors, some of which include volume sensitivity, inadequate oral motor skills, and environmental factors related to food novelty and texture. This case study describes a 6-year-old boy with spina bifida who was dependent upon gastrointestinal-tube feedings due to frequent emesis when fed orally. Upon admission to ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 11, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Effect of Video Embedded with Hotspots with Dynamic Text on Single-Word Recognition by Children with Multiple Disabilities
AbstractThe purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of an intervention on single-word recognition. The intervention used an AAC app programmed with video visual scene displays (VSDs) embedded with hotspots with the Transition to Literacy (T2L) feature. Three school-aged children with multiple disabilities who had limited speech and limited literacy skills participated in a multiple baseline across participants design. Four names of characters in favorite movies and shows served as target words for each participant. All three children demonstrated an increase in accurate identification of target words from baseline...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Impact of Inclusive Soccer Program on Psychosocial Development of Children with and without Intellectual Disabilities
AbstractErroneous perception of “disability” in typically developing children leads to the exclusion of children with intellectual disabilities in sport. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of inclusive soccer (INS) program on ameliorating adverse behavior in children with and without intellectu al disabilities (ID). Participants were 40 children, with half having intellectual disabilities (n = 20). Both the experimental and comparison groups consisted of 10 children with and without ID, respectively. The experimental group participated in an INS whereas the compari...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 4, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reading Failure in a Completely Transparent Orthography Representing a Morphologically Highly Complex Agglutinative Language: the Case of Turkish
This study investigates differences in the word processing skills of students with and without reading difficulties who read Turkish, an entirely transparent orthography. Thirty-five students diagnosed as poor readers and 51 typically developing controls were tested across two experiments, one that assessed their ability to process identicalness of isolated real words as opposed to pseudowords and another that assessed their ability to judge semantic relatedness of two real words. Participants were from two education levels; half of them were 3rd-4th graders and half were 6th –7th graders. An integrative view of the ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 29, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effect of Task Modifications on the Fundamental Motor Skills of Boys on the Autism Spectrum: A Pilot Study
This study demonstrates the potential impact that an intervention designed around task modifications can have; however, it also shows that interventions may need to be designed at an individual level and contain the flexibility to adjust to the needs of the child. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 25, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reconsidering Empathy Deficits in Children and Adolescents with Autism
AbstractHumans need empathy to promote social interactions and to display prosocial behavior. Therefore, it is not surprising that low empathy skills are commonly seen as diagnostic features in several mental disorders. Empathy is an interesting topic in autism, since low empathy skills are responsible for the social difficulties that individuals with autism experience. The lack of agreement among researchers on empathy and autism, however, indicates that we need to redefine the characteristics of empathy in autism, which is the aim of our study. We hypothesize that children and adolescents with autism are impaired in thre...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 21, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Cognitive and Behavioral Functioning Among Fraternal Twins with an Unbalanced Translocation of Chromosomes 10q and 12p: A Case Report
We describe the children’s cognitive and behavioral phenotype (including autism spectrum disorder, moderate intellectual disability, and language disorder), discuss a possible genetic mechanism contributing to their comorbidities (i.e., 12p13 microdeletions), and revi ew other potential contributing factors to their presentation. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

History of Maltreatment is not Associated with Symptom Profiles of Children with Autism
AbstractSome authors hypothesize that autism in children from orphanages results from neglect, which has been referred to as “quasi-autistic pattern” and “post-institutional autistic syndrome.” However, studies of children who have been neglected show even higher rates of ADHD, oppositional defiant and conduct disorders, anxiety, and depression than rates of autism. Our study determined if autism symptoms differed between children with autism who were and were not maltreated and if duration of and number of years since removal from neglect were related to symptoms in 789 children with autism, 2&ndas...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 22, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Functional Gait Measures Prediction by Spatiotemporal and Gait Symmetry in Individuals Post Stroke
AbstractHemiplegic individuals often exhibit gait impairments. Current technologies allow for simple and fast acquisition of spatiotemporal gait parameters and gait Symmetry Indices (SI). Gait SI have been associated with instability and fall risk. These data may therefore prove an important addition to the already common conventional clinical measures, e.g. the 10 Meter Walk Test (10MWT), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUG), Six Minute Walk Test (6MWT) and the Motor Functional Independence Measure (MFIM). However, the prediction of these conventional clinical measures using spatiotemporal gait parameters ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 21, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Delivering Quality Allied Health Services to Children with Complex Disability via Telepractice: Lessons Learned from Four Case Studies
AbstractPeople with disabilities living in rural and remote areas often have insufficient access to the allied health services that they require. Telepractice has emerged as a promising solution, yet little is known about whether it is possible to deliver quality disability therapy services via technology or of the considerations required to achieve positive outcomes. Multiple case studies using mixed methods were conducted to achieve in-depth examination of the telepractice services received by four children with disabilities and their families living in rural and remote Australia. Data analysis indicated that telepractic...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 16, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Assessing Pain in Adults with Intellectual Disability: a Descriptive and Qualitative Evaluation of Ratings and Impressions Among Care-Providers
We report findings, summarize common themes, and suggest future directions for clinical practice and research. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Parental Perception of Quality of Life for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractOur purpose for this study was to investigate how parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) rate their child ’s quality of life (QOL). We began by developing a parent proxy-report QOL assessment instrument with subscales and then distributed it statewide to parents of children with ASD. The scale demonstrated strong internal consistency with a full-scale Cronbach’s alpha of .835. Our results indicated that 0% of the parents rated their child as having a poor QOL, 66% rated their child as having a good QOL, and 16% rated their child as having an excellent QOL. Our results support the notion...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 11, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Introduction to the Special Issue
(Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 1, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Conceptions of Learning and Thinking Styles Among Deaf, Hard-of-Hearing, and Hearing Students
This study explores how students ’ conceptions of learning relate to their thinking styles by administering the Conceptions of Learning Inventory III and the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II to 350 deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) and 463 hearing university students in mainland China. The reliabilities for the two inventories we re first estimated using Cronbach’s alpha coefficients. Then, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test the validity of the COL-III. Finally, to predict thinking styles from conceptions of learning, hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted. Results showed that, a...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 29, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Preference for Food and Non-food Items of Known Reinforcing Values in People with Developmental Disabilities
This study compared preference for food and non-food items with similar and dissimilar reinforcing values in three people with developmental disabilities. The study first evaluated the reinforcing value of food and non-food items in an ABAB design. Selected food and non-food items with similar and dissimilar reinforcing values were presented in a subsequent paired-stimulus preference assessment. Results showed that when food and non-food items were of approximately equal reinforcing value, or when food was more reinforcing than the non-food items, food tended to be preferred. However, when non-food items were much more rei...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Snakes and Ladders: Barriers and Facilitators Experienced by Immigrant Families when Accessing an Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis
AbstractThere presently exists limited information or studies on means to support immigrant families as they attempt to access quality services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An ASD diagnosis is the gateway to support services and adapted interventions. Yet, studies show that immigrant families typically experience longer delays in obtaining a diagnosis and more challenges in gaining access to services. Twenty-four families who immigrated to Qu ébec (Canada) participated in semi-structured interviews in which they listed the obstacles and facilitators encountered in their service trajectory to obt...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 22, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of the Utility of the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractParent-child interactions are critically important for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a number of the core symptoms of ASD are specifically impacted by parental behaviors and many efficacious treatment options for children with ASD rely on altering parental behaviors. Research has reported on the use and effectiveness of Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in addressing behavioral difficulties in children with ASD. A core feature of PCIT is observations of parent-child interactions using the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS) for assessment, treatment planning, and outcome mo...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of Inclusive Soccer Program on Motor Performance and Sport Skill in Young Adults with and without Intellectual Disabilities
This study aimed at investigating the effect of inclusive soccer program on motor performance and sport skill in young adults with and without intellectual disabilities (ID). Twelve participants with ID and twelve typical partners practiced 50-min each session, twice a week for 15-week long. All participants were encouraged to perform the practice at moderate exercise intensity. Measures of manual dexterity, mobility and soccer skills were tested pre- and post- program. This study showed participants with ID were able to perceive and report a number of exertion level in response to the intensity of exercise. In addition, p...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of Strategies to Increase Comfort and Compliance with Medical/Dental Routines in Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractNoncompliance with basic health care can have profound effects on long term health and well-being for everyone, but especially for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Perhaps the factor most responsible for noncompliance is the fear associated with medical and dental procedures. We reviewed the research literature to identify the empirical support for interventions designed to address noncompliance with medical routines in the IDD population. Across 32 studies that were reviewed, the most common components used in treatment of fear avoidance and noncompliance with medical/dental rout...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research