Development and Validation of a Barriers to Physical Activity Scale for Adults with Visual Impairments
AbstractResearch indicates that individuals with visual impairments tend not to meet the physical activity guidelines for health promotion. Existing literature has identified barriers to physical activity as having the potential to impact the physical activity engagement of this population. Most studies of barriers to physical activity among populations with visual impairments have used instruments developed for other groups. However, scholars within the field of adapted physical activity recommended the development and use of instruments designed to address the needs and characteristics of specific disability groups. Ther...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 5, 2021 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Determination of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
We examined the thematic categories of research studies, rigor of research, and influential factors. Among the 18 included studies, three distinct thematic categories were identified: (a) intervention research, (b) stakeholders ’ perceptions, and (c) contextual analysis. Intervention articles were the most prevalent, followed by articles that reported stakeholders’ perceptions. Contextual analysis articles were less common. Several factors have been identified that influence student self-determination (e.g. age, gender , hours spent with peers, educational placement). This review suggests that self-determinatio...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 24, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral Treatment of Problem Behavior for an Adult with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Misophonia
AbstractMisophonia is characterized by an autonomic response (e.g., increased heart rate) that is elicited by certain innocuous or repetitive sounds, and individuals with misophonia may display an extreme, overt response commonly associated with rage, hatred, and a loss of self-control. In this investigation, we used a combined respondent and operant approach to treat problem behavior evoked by bodily sounds (i.e., coughing, sneezing, sniffling, and clearing throat) for an adult with autism spectrum disorder. The intervention produced immediate reductions of problem behavior and the effects of treatment maintained during p...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 18, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Step-Instruction Technology to Help People with Intellectual and Other Disabilities Perform Multistep Tasks: a Literature Review
AbstractOne of the main objectives for people with intellectual disability (with or without other disabilities) is the ability to perform multistep activities (e.g. preparing a sandwich) without external help from a caregiver. This paper provides a review of studies that evaluated technology systems to teach or support people with intellectual and other disabilities to carry out multistep functional activities through the presentation of single-step instructions. A literature search was performed for English language articles indexed in PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science. A narrative synthesis of the articles selected was...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Examining the Convergent Validity Between the PEAK Relational Training System ’s Semi-Standardized and Standardized Skill Assessments
AbstractThe current study examined the convergent validity between the standardized PEAK Comprehensive Assessment (PCA) and the semi-standardized PEAK Pre-assessment (PEAK-PA). Twenty-two participants were administered each tool, and an item by item analysis was conducted to evaluate correlations between tests. The results suggested a strong positive correlation between the PEAK-PA and the PCA score (r = .967,p 
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 7, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Manual-Based Group Intervention for Siblings and Parents of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Cambodia
We examined initial outcomes and feasibility of a manual-based intervention for siblings and parents of children with ND, called SIBS, delivered in Cambodia. SIBS has promising evidence from an open trial in Norway. We delivered eight groups for 52 siblings (M age  = 12.7 years,SD = 2.7; 44.0% female) and 56 caregivers (M age  = 43.5 years,SD = 8.5; 61.1% mothers) of 54 children with ND at the only public child mental health clinic in Cambodia. We aimed to improve sibling and parent mental health and family communication. The SIBS intervention comprises thre...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 7, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Foundational Reading Interventions Adapted for Individuals Who Require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC): a Systematic Review of the Research
AbstractThe acquisition of reading skills is vital for all individuals given the ubiquitous influence of reading on academic outcomes and quality of life. Individuals with complex communication needs, requiring the supports of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), are often excluded from learning phonological approaches to literacy. Most literacy approaches require verbal production of speech sounds —which is particularly difficult for individuals with complex communication needs. However, despite challenges with spoken production of sounds, research has reported positive outcomes in participation in phon...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 6, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Placebo-Controlled Pilot Exploration of Cholesterol Supplementation for Autistic Symptoms in Children with Low Cholesterol
AbstractThis pilot placebo-controlled trial (NCT00965068, 07/28/2009) explored effects of cholesterol supplementation on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in children with abnormally low cholesterol. Fifteen children age 4 –12 with ASD and cholesterol
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 3, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of Inattention/Impulsivity and Aggression on the Development of Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study compared four groups consisting of 29 toddlers each: without inattention/impulsivity or aggressive behaviors (i.e., -I/-A), with inattention/impulsivity but without aggressive behaviors (i.e.,  + I/-A), without inattention/impulsivity but with aggressive behaviors (i.e., –I/ + A), and with both inattention/impulsivity and aggressive behaviors (i.e., + I/ + A). The results of the current study revealed significant group differences in Personal-Social, Communication, Motor , and Cognitive domains of theBDI-2. The significance and implications of the pre...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 31, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Social Exclusion by Retailers of People with Complex Communication Needs
This study forms a basis for further AAC research into social exclusion and the retail environment. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 30, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Voices of Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Qualitative Research: a Scoping Review
AbstractWith the increasing recognition that the voices of children need to be included in matters that affect their lives, this scoping review aimed to investigate the methods that have been used in qualitative studies to support the participation of children with neurodevelopmental disorders in research. Studies were identified through a systematic scoping review of literature published between January 2009 and June 2019 in a number of databases; SCOPUS, Embase, PsycINFO, Applied social science index and abstract (ASSIA) and ERIC. Forty-one studies were assessed using the eligibility criteria. Nineteen studies were inclu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 27, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Promoting Object Manipulation and Reducing Tongue Protrusion in Seven Children with Angelman Syndrome and Developmental Disabilities through Microswitch-Cluster Technology: a Research Extension
AbstractWe further extended the use of a microswitch-cluster technology to promote object manipulation and to reduce tongue protrusion in seven children with Angelman syndrome. Study I included seven participants with severe to profound developmental disabilities. An ABB1AB1 experimental sequence was implemented. During the baselines (i.e., A phases) the technology was available but inactive. During the intervention (i.e., B phase) the adaptive responding was positively reinforced irrespective of the challenging behavior. During the cluster (i.e., B1 phases) the adaptive responding was contingently reinforced only if it oc...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 20, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral Safety Assessment and Intervention among Residential Care Providers of Students with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractMany persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities are at risk for injury and physical harm due to unsafe environmental conditions. The present study addressed safety practices among care providers responsible for preventing access to hazardous materials among residential students living in two group homes. In a multiple baseline across settings design, the care providers were first exposed to visual cues intended to prompt access-prevention followed by visual cuing combined with graphic feedback. Care providers in one of the group homes demonstrated a high level of safety practices during baseline which...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 13, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The initial psychometric properties for the Total Body Developmental Sequences for youth with visual impairments
AbstractYouth with visual impairments often show difficulties with gross motor skills regardless of age or sex. Gross motor skills support positive developmental trajectories for health warranting the need for assessment. The Total Body Developmental Sequences (TBDS) are fast, easy-to-use, indices of gross motor development with relatively unknown psychometric properties for youth with visual impairments. The primary purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the TBDS with a secondary purpose to evaluate differential effects of biological sex, age, and degree of vision on gross motor skills. Youth w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Contribution of General Cognitive Abilities and Specific Numerical Abilities to Mathematics Achievement in Students Who are Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing
We examined whether general cognitive abilities (i.e. nonverbal IQ, processing speed, and spatial ability) and specific numerical abilities (i.e. symbolic and non-symbolic numerical magnitude processing) are related to mathematics achievement in 198 d/Dhh students in Grades 3 to 9. The results of our regression models indicated that, the three general cognitive abilities independently explained the variance in mathematics achievement when entered in one step; and spatial ability and processing speed had an independent contribution to mathematics achievement in the presence of the specific numerical abilities. The specific ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 30, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Training Direct Service Personnel in Functional Communication Training with Adults with Disabilities
AbstractAdults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) may engage in challenging behavior. These behaviors present challenges to support staff who often lack training in effective behavior management procedures. Behavioral skills training (BST) is an empirically supported method of staff training and has been used to teach support staff a number of intervention skills. The purpose of this study was to extend the literature on BST and to examine the effects of BST on staff implementation of functional communication training (FCT) for three adults with IDD using a non-concurrent multiple baseline design. Resul...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 24, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Impact of a Brief Home-Based Intervention on Families with a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractA brief intervention is described and evaluated that aimed to build and strengthen relationships for families of children diagnosed with ASD aged 12 and under. A particular focus was on socially disadvantaged parents. Parents were offered around five home visits which took place on weekdays during working hours; each lasting around 90  min. They were given individualised practical tools and support to manage their children’s behaviours alongside providing a listening ear to parents’ concerns. In all, 456 children and 427 families participated over a four-year period with a take-up rate of 87% of al...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mental Health and Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Examining the Roles of Familism, Social Support, and Stigma in Latinx Caregivers
AbstractThose caring for someone diagnosed with a neurodevelopmental disorder are at risk of experiencing depression and anxiety. However, limited research has examined risk and predictive factors associated with internalizing symptomatology in caregivers from ethnic and culturally diverse backgrounds. We aimed to identify predictive factors for internalizing symptomatology. Using standardized scales, anxiety and depression levels were measured in a predominantly Latinx sample along with their endorsed levels of familism, perceived social, and support affiliate stigma. Multivariate regression analyses were used to test the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Immigrant Families of Children with Autism disorder ’s Perceptions of Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention Services
This study documented the experience of 28 mothers and fathers who immigrated to Canada and received EIBI services provided by the province of Qu ébec. Semi-structured interviews queried families’ vision of EIBI and its consistency with their values and practices, their perception of the family-provider partnership, and the facilitators and obstacles they encountered in implementing EIBI. Results highlighted that families valued being invo lved and consulted, their partnerships with staff, and the professional and socioemotional competence of staff. These characteristics of EIBI implementation are consistent w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 31, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of Oral Narrative Intervention on the Narratives of Children with Language Disorder: a Systematic Literature Review
AbstractThis systematic review provides an examination of the quality, efficacy, and common features of oral narrative interventions on the narratives of children with language disorder. Searches of electronic data bases, ancestral searches and database alerts identified studies that addressed oral narrative intervention in children with language disorder. Structured inclusion procedures were used to select and examine the quality, efficacy and common features of the included studies. Twenty-four research articles published between 1993 and 2018 were included for review. Apart from measures of social validity, the single c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 25, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Acquisition of Peer Manding Using a Speech-Generating Device in Naturalistic Classroom Routines
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of an interrupted chain procedure and a time delay with full physical prompts, in the establishment of peer manding, within a naturally occurring classroom routine. The participants included three preschool aged children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who used a tablet-based speech-generating device to communicate. Using a multiple baseline across subjects design, the participants were instructed to complete an arts and crafts activity, with an item needed to complete the activity in possession of the peer listener. Training included a three-second time delay ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 21, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Facilitating Effect of Grapheme and Syllable Cues on the Writing Performance of Children with Chinese Dictation Difficulties
In this study, 20 children with dictation difficulties and 18 chronically age-matched controls completed dictation tasks using grapheme cues, syllable cues, and grapheme-syllable cues. Dictation accuracy was recorded. Findings showed that under the grapheme cue condition, dictation accuracy between the two groups did not differ significantly; under the grapheme-syllable and the syllable condition, dictation accuracy in children with dictation difficulties was significantly lower compared to controls. These findings supported that the graphemic and phonological representations of Chinese characters might loosely associated ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Are we on the Same Page: a DyadicAnalysis of Parental Stress, Support, and Family Quality of Life on Raising Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
AbstractFamily systems are dynamic and interconnected, yet very limited research has considered both fathers ’ and mothers’ perceptions of family support, stress and Family Quality of Life (FQOL) in a dynamic manner, especially in the Chinese context. The current study examines the association between parenting stress, FQOL and family support using a dyadic approach. We employed the actor-partner inter dependence mediation model (APIMeM) to analyze a sample (N = 219 dyads) of Chinese fathers’ and mothers’ of children with autism spectrum disorder. Results suggested a strong actor effec...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 31, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

EEG Coherence in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autistic Features
AbstractUntil the advent of the DSM-5, the diagnostic systems excluded diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) and Autism in the same child. However, much debate exists surrounding the validity of this exclusion, with a number of studies identifying individuals who meet the diagnostic criteria for both disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate Electroencephalogram (EEG) coherence differences between two groups of children with AD/HD, where one group exhibited a high level of autistic features (AD/HD+), and the other was low on autistic features (AD/HD-). EEG coherence is a measure of structu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 20, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Use of an Exit Criterion for a Clinical Paediatric Feeding Case in-Home
AbstractThere are well-established empirically-supported treatments for paediatric feeding disorders (avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder; ARFID); however, more research is needed on their sole use, outside of specialised multidisciplinary feeding hospitals, and with older ages. Additionally, there is little research on the use of an exit criterion treatment. An 11-year-old male participated in a 2-week in-home programme. Treatment was solely behaviour-analytic and consisted of demand fading, choice, differential attention, contingent access, and exit criterion. We conducted repeated edible preference assessments and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Eye Movements and Attention of Very Low Birthweight Children during Single Word Reading
AbstractChildren born with very low birth weight (VLBW
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mindfulness Therapies for Improving Mental Health in Parents of Children with a Developmental Disability: a Systematic Review
AbstractMindfulness offers promise as a therapy approach for parents of children with developmental disabilities (DD), however its effectiveness in managing mental health symptoms remains unclear. This review quantitatively examines the comparative effectiveness of mindfulness-based and informed interventions, drawing on the evidence base from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Eight RCTs were identified from the Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus databases. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration tool and Hedges ’g effect sizes, with associated 95% confidence intervals andp values calculated. P...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 1, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reducing ‘Challenging’ Behavior by Training Support Staff to Promote Dignity and Respect
AbstractThe occurrence of ‘challenging’ behavior is commonly documented amongst people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Since behavior is not only a form of communication, but often in response to environmental conditions, it stands to reason that one mechanism to reduce ‘challenging’ behaviors would be to draw attention to people’s environmental conditions and well-being, such as people’s physical and mental health, and lack of opportunities and exclusion, and by treating people with dignity and respect. This research study aims to explore the relationship between...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 18, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

RouTEAM: Home and School Partnerships to Support Communication for Children with Complex Communication Needs
AbstractA workshop format is often the professional development (PD) model used by educators; however, research shows that workshops are often not sufficient to change educator behavior. Additionally, including caregivers in PD can promote shared decision-making and support children ’s transfer of skills between home and school environments. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of a PD intervention delivered to caregiver-educator teams that included team-based coaching to target adults’ use of evidence-based strategies delivered in a planned instructional sequence (i .e., CPR - create a communication opp...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 16, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Illness Perceptions in Pediatric Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Agreement between Children and their Parents, and its Association with Quality of Life
This study investigated agreement in illness perceptions of children with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) and their parents, the association between the child’s illness perceptions and QoL, and the relation between child-parent agreement in illness perceptions and the child’s QoL. Twenty -six children and their parents completed the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ) and the Kidscreen-52 QoL questionnaire (children only). Correspondence between children’s and parents’ illness perceptions was low. Generally, parents held more negative illness perceptions about SMA. Whe reas children’s ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 16, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Inferencing Abilities of Deaf College Students: Foundations and Implications for Metaphor Comprehension and Theory of Mind
This study examined comprehension of metaphor and sarcasm, assessing the contributions of hearing status, inferencing ability, executive function (verbal short-term/working memory capacity), and deaf individuals ’ communication skills (spoken versus signed language, cochlear implant use). Deaf and hearing college students completed a multiple-choice metaphor comprehension task and inferencing tasks that included both social-emotional (i.e., theory of mind) and neutral inferences, as well as short-term mem ory span and working memory tasks. Results indicated the hearing students to have better comprehension of nonlite...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 10, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Investigating the Association Between Using Night Braces and Sleep Habits of Children with Cerebral Palsy and Parental Quality of Life
AbstractTo examine the sleep habits of children with cerebral palsy  (CP) and use of night braces and to investigate their association with parental quality of life. The study included 114 children aged 3–6 (57 with typical development (TD) and 57 with CP). The children with CP were grouped according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and n ight brace use (NBU). “Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire-Abbreviated Form” and “Short-Form Health Survey” were used to investigate the children’s sleep habits and the parents’ quality of life, respectively. ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 31, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Evaluation of Fidelity of Implementation of a Manualized Social-Play Intervention
In this study, we evaluated three lessons from a manualized social play skills intervention, Play20. Play20 is a focused intervention that is designed to improve early social skill development in children with autism spectrum disorder through naturalistic play. First, we evaluated the procedural fidelity of instructor implementation of Play20, and we also evaluated the effects of an added instructor self-monitoring checklist in further improving instructor behavior. Finally, we evaluated the effects of Play20 on child play outcomes. Instructor procedural fidelity increased in the presence of the Play20 lessons, and further...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 31, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Domains of the Cerebral Palsy Quality of Life Questionnaire (CP QOL) for Children and Adolescents: Spanish Adaptation and Psychometric Properties
This study provides a valid instrument to assess the QOL of childre n and adolescents with CP in the Spanish context. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 25, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Thinking Styles and Student Engagement among Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students
This study explores how students ’ thinking styles are related to their engagement, by administering the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II and the Student Engagement Scale to 225 deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) school students in mainland China. Results show that, among all participants, those with Type I styles (i.e., more crea tivity-generating, less structured, and cognitively more complex) had higher levels of student engagement, while those with Type II styles (i.e., more norm-favoring, more structured, and cognitively more simplistic) had lower levels. The contributions, limitations, and implications of the pr...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 22, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioural Characteristics Related to Adaptive Functioning in Young Persons with Tuberous Sclerosis Complex, Down Syndrome and Fragile x Syndrome
This study investigated which specific behavioural issues is best associated with adaptive functioning in three specific genetic syndromes. Behavioural issues were assessed in neurotypical (NT) (n = 43), Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) (n = 19), Down syndrome (DS) (n = 24) and Fragile X syndrome (FXS) (n = 23) participants ranging from 3 to 30 years of age. First, we compared the behaviours characteristics between these genetic conditions and also according to age within these clinical groups. Multiple regressions included five behavioural scales (CBCL/BSI) and ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 22, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mediating a Fragmented System: Partnership Experiences of Parents of Children with Neurodevelopmental and Neuromuscular Disabilities
AbstractThe nature of relationships between service providers and parents of children with disabilities influences the health and wellbeing of parents and ultimately the quality of life of their children. The aim of this study was to explore parents ’ perceptions of their partnerships with service providers. We explored what was and was not working within these service relationships and solicited ideas for improved partnerships and services. We employed a qualitative, participatory research approach and adapted the Reflexive Methodology of An alysis in Partnership developed by Boudreault and Kalubi (2006). Thematic a...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 22, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Edmark ® Reading Program: A Comparison of Computerized and Table Top Presentation in Reading Outcomes in Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractEvery child has the right to access the education curriculum in their least restrictive environment. Therefore, it is important that students with special education needs, such as autism spectrum disorder can access general education in inclusive environments. A between-groups design was used to investigate the Edmark ® Reading Program (ERP) across inclusive school settings, and self-contained classrooms, to compare its efficacy in basic teaching reading outcomes using both table-top and software format. Nine schools were randomized into two groups. There were between 2 and 8 students per school, and 31 student...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 12, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Family Perspectives toward Using Telehealth in Early Intervention
AbstractUsing telehealth in early intervention has the potential to increase family and child outcomes as well as to increase access to family-centered services. Yet, little is known about families ’ perspectives, including concerns, prior to using telehealth in early intervention. The purpose of this study was to explore families’ perceptions and attitudes toward using telehealth in early intervention. Nine focus groups were conducted with 37 families of children with disabilities. Overal l, participants preferred in-person visits (versus telehealth) for early intervention services. However, participants recog...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 10, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Functional Analysis and Treatment of Multiply Maintained Operant Vomiting
AbstractInterventions based on functional assessments, particularly functional analyses (FAs), are more likely to be effective relative to interventions that are not function-based. However, few clinical investigations have used FAs to assess operant vomiting. This is notable given that operant vomiting represents a medically serious form of problem behavior. To the degree that clinicians can conduct FAs, and use those results to inform function-based treatments for operant vomiting, they can reduce behavior that is associated with considerable medical risk and is also socially conspicuous and stigmatizing. In the current ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 3, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Digital Literacy, Access to Technology and Inclusion for Young Adults with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractAccess to and use of digital technology promise positive impacts on young adults with developmental disabilities ’ social and economic integration, and on supporting their autonomy, and facilitating their inclusion into society. We conducted a scoping review, applying Arksey and O’Malley’s (International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32, Arksey and O ’Malley2005) approach, of peer-reviewed journal articles, to examine the barriers to access and utilization of digital technology to support the transition stage needs (in relation to education, daily living, community integra...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 1, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Impact of Ongoing Staff Development on the Health and Safety of People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractDirect support professionals (DSPs) provide people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with individualized, personal assistance in a wide variety of settings. There is currently a very high turnover for DSPs, due in part to a lack of training for DSPs. The aim of this study is to explore how ongoing staff development impacts the health and safety of people with IDD. Our research question was: how does ongoing staff development, geographic location, and agency size impact the health and safety of people with IDD? To explore this research question, we analyzed data from 74 human service organizatio...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 29, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Help-Seeking and Self-Efficacy among a Sample of Deaf Adults
AbstractMany individuals who experience psychological, interpersonal, and social distress do not seek help. Deaf and hard of hearing individuals who use American Sign Language (ASL) as their primary language face additional barriers, such as communication inaccessibility, stigma, and prejudice, which can further impede help-seeking. The purpose of this study is to examine help-seeking behaviors and self-efficacy in relation to stressful life events and identity and discrimination factors among a sample of 149 deaf and hard of hearing. Results indicated that there was a low level of help-seeking among the sample despite mod...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 27, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Autism Awareness Interventions for Children and Adolescents: a Scoping Review
AbstractResearch to date indicates that a significant contributing factor to the social experience in school and college for those with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) relates to peers understanding of their condition and the associated social challenges. The current review sought to examine evidence for autism awareness programs designed to improve peers ’ conceptions and understandings of ASD. Eleven studies were examined in relation to reported changes in aspects of autism awareness in students without ASD who had participated in an educational program or interventions about ASD. Reported interventions varied in le...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 25, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral Strength and Difficulty Profiles among Children with Neurodisability
Conclusions: The current study provides new insight into the heterogeneous nature of behavior among children with NDD/D. Considering a child’s unique constellation of strengths and difficulties may serve as a clinically me aningful supplement to diagnosis that more fully elucidates functional profile. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 17, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using a Virtual Number Line and Corrective Feedback to Teach Addition of Integers to Middle School Students with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractMathematics education is important for students with developmental disabilities. Additional research is needed that examines interventions to teach grade-level mathematics content to these students. In this single-case multiple probe across participants study, researchers explored the functional relation for four middle school students with intellectual disability and autism between the intervention package of a virtual number line and corrective feedback and solving addition of integer problems. Students solved more problems correctly with access to the virtual number line in comparison to baseline. They also main...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 13, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Comparing Special Education Experiences Among Spanish- and English-Speaking Parents of Children with Disabilities
AbstractDue to systemic barriers, Spanish-speaking (versus English-speaking) parents of children with disabilities are less likely to participate in educational decision-making. However, little research has directly compared special education experiences between both populations. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences and similarities between Spanish-speaking (n  = 12) and English-speaking (n  = 44) parents of children with disabilities. Specifically, six focus groups were conducted in either English or Spanish in two states. There were three main findings: exacerbated negative exp...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 9, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Regulated Versus Staff-Regulated Stimulation for Promoting Indices of Satisfaction in Persons with Severe/Profound and Multiple Disabilities
This study aimed to extend the assessment of two of those strategies (i.e., self-regulated and staff-regulated stimulation strategies) with 12 participants who were exposed to each strategy. During intervention sessions with self-regulated stimulation, the participants sat at a desk and received stimulation if they pushed a panel in front of them thus activating a smartphone ’s proximity sensor. During intervention sessions with staff-regulated stimulation, they sat at a desk and received stimulation independent of any response. All participants showed increases in indices of satisfaction with self-regulated stimulat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 8, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Differential Reinforcement of Acceptance without Escape Extinction in a Boy with Developmental Delays and Food Selectivity
AbstractAlthough differential reinforcement is procedurally simple, and a common component in intervention packages for feeding disorders, few published studies evaluated its effects in isolation. Even fewer studies have isolated the effects of differential reinforcement on feeding in free-operant arrangements. In the current clinical case study, we report the expansion of a practitioner ’s scope of competence to include the treatment of food selectivity by evaluating the effects of differential reinforcement of acceptance with high preferred food in a boy with developmental delays and food selectivity. Acceptance of...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 3, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Posterior Versus Anterior Walkers for Children with Cerebral Palsy-Biomechanical Analysis and Energy Consumption: a Systematic Review
AbstractSystematically review the comparison of anterior and posterior framed walker in terms of biomechanical analysis and energy expenditure and to discuss the implications for clinical practice. A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies that evaluated the gait pattern, upper extremity (UE) kinetics and kinematics and energy consumption. Outcome measures and treatment results for them were identified. 6 studies met the criteria and were included in this systematic review. Gait analysis, UE kinetics and kinematics and energy consumption were all assessed in 4 different papers. Gait parameters were c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 2, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research