Preference for Food and Non-food Items of Known Reinforcing Values in People with Developmental Disabilities
This study compared preference for food and non-food items with similar and dissimilar reinforcing values in three people with developmental disabilities. The study first evaluated the reinforcing value of food and non-food items in an ABAB design. Selected food and non-food items with similar and dissimilar reinforcing values were presented in a subsequent paired-stimulus preference assessment. Results showed that when food and non-food items were of approximately equal reinforcing value, or when food was more reinforcing than the non-food items, food tended to be preferred. However, when non-food items were much more rei...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Snakes and Ladders: Barriers and Facilitators Experienced by Immigrant Families when Accessing an Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis
AbstractThere presently exists limited information or studies on means to support immigrant families as they attempt to access quality services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An ASD diagnosis is the gateway to support services and adapted interventions. Yet, studies show that immigrant families typically experience longer delays in obtaining a diagnosis and more challenges in gaining access to services. Twenty-four families who immigrated to Qu ébec (Canada) participated in semi-structured interviews in which they listed the obstacles and facilitators encountered in their service trajectory to obt...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 22, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of the Utility of the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractParent-child interactions are critically important for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a number of the core symptoms of ASD are specifically impacted by parental behaviors and many efficacious treatment options for children with ASD rely on altering parental behaviors. Research has reported on the use and effectiveness of Parent Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in addressing behavioral difficulties in children with ASD. A core feature of PCIT is observations of parent-child interactions using the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System (DPICS) for assessment, treatment planning, and outcome mo...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of Inclusive Soccer Program on Motor Performance and Sport Skill in Young Adults with and without Intellectual Disabilities
This study aimed at investigating the effect of inclusive soccer program on motor performance and sport skill in young adults with and without intellectual disabilities (ID). Twelve participants with ID and twelve typical partners practiced 50-min each session, twice a week for 15-week long. All participants were encouraged to perform the practice at moderate exercise intensity. Measures of manual dexterity, mobility and soccer skills were tested pre- and post- program. This study showed participants with ID were able to perceive and report a number of exertion level in response to the intensity of exercise. In addition, p...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of Strategies to Increase Comfort and Compliance with Medical/Dental Routines in Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractNoncompliance with basic health care can have profound effects on long term health and well-being for everyone, but especially for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Perhaps the factor most responsible for noncompliance is the fear associated with medical and dental procedures. We reviewed the research literature to identify the empirical support for interventions designed to address noncompliance with medical routines in the IDD population. Across 32 studies that were reviewed, the most common components used in treatment of fear avoidance and noncompliance with medical/dental rout...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of the Role of Parent Characteristics in Parent-Mediated Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractParent-mediated interventions (PMI) are increasingly being used to target skill deficits in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Evidence documenting the benefits of PMI is accumulating, however, little is known about whether parent characteristics impact children ’s treatment outcomes. We reviewed the PMI literature using PRISMA guidelines to address this gap. We identified 115 PMI studies published between 1987 and September 2018; of these, only 11 examined the contributions of baseline parent/caregiver characteristics on children’s outcomes. These stud ies vary widely in regard to the interv...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 7, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Developing and Implementing a Telehealth Enhanced Interdisciplinary Pediatric Feeding Disorders Clinic: a Program Description and Evaluation
This study described a model for outpatient feeding services serving clients with intellectual and developmental disabilities within a coordinated health care model through a telehealth enhanced clinic. Further a cost savings analysis demonstrated a savings in travel time and travel costs relevant to receiving services. Practical recommendations for practitioners who are interested in using telehealth enhanced services for pediatric feeding problems were discussed. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Social Validity of Strategies to Assist Females with ASD during Gynecological Examinations
This study aimed to identify strategies that stakeholders would deem appropriate for use during a gynecological exam for a female with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who also has limited language (LL). Females with ASD are not receiving the same gynecological care as their non-ASD peers yet may have a greater need for such care due to increased health risks. Twenty-three parents and six caregivers of a female with ASD and LL, three females with ASD/Asperger ’s, and two nurses responded to an online survey about possible strategies to use with a female with ASD and LL during a routine gynecological exam. With the use ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Depression and Life Satisfaction among Parents Caring for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities in South Korea
This study examined the mediating effect of depression in the relationship between caregiving-related stressors (caregiving time and behavior problems) and life satisfaction among parents caring for individuals with developmental disabilities. We performed a secondary analysis of data from the 2011 Survey on the Actual Conditions of Individuals with Developmental Disabilities, conducted by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare. Caregiving time, behavior problems, parental depression, and life satisfaction were measured. The proposed path model showed a good fit to the data: caregiving time and severity of behavior prob...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychological, Health, and Demographic Correlates of Atypical Eating Behaviors in Children with Autism
AbstractPotential psychological, health, and demographic correlates of atypical eating behaviors in children with autism were analyzed in the largest sample with the broadest range of independent variables to date. Eating behaviors were assessed in 1112 children with autism 1 –17 years of age using the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD), a standardized parent interview conducted by licensed psychologists. Independent variables were demographics (age, IQ, sex, race, and parent occupation), 29 CASD autism symptom scores (e.g., distress with change and sensory hypersensitivity), psychotropic medication u...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Robotic Intervention Program for Enhancement of Social Engagement among Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study investigated the effectiveness of a robotic intervention in enhancing the social engagement of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The clinical use of social or interactive robots is promising for enhancing the social skills of children with ASD. Teaching and intervention programs using humanoid robots for children with ASD are developing rapidly. In this study, a repeated-measures design was adopted to test the treatment effectiveness of a robotic intervention program; 14 students with ASD were recruited in this study. An individual-based social skills training program using the NAO robot was administ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Perceptions and Goals of Special Education Advocacy Trainees
In this study, we evaluated the perceptions of 142 participants who completed the Volunteer Advocacy Project (VAP), a special education advocacy training. Using participants ’ responses to open-ended questions on the VAP application, we examined the perceptions of caregivers and professionals to understand their motivations for becoming advocates, their plans for using their newfound knowledge and skills, and their perceptions of the attributes of special education ad vocates. Findings indicated some key differences between caregivers and professionals in their reasons for becoming advocates and plans for using their...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Acquiring the Skill of Identifying Fractions through the Virtual-Abstract Framework
This study investigated the effects of using the Virtual-Abstract framework to teach sixth-grade students with developmental disabilities to identify fractions. Through a multiple probe across participants design, researchers examined if a functional relation existed between students ’ acquisition of the mathematical behavior of identifying fractions and the Virtual-Abstract (VA) framework. For each student, the study involved three-to-five baseline sessions, six-to-nine intervention sessions, and two maintenance sessions. Two of the students also completed three abstract boos t sessions and two additional maintenanc...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 19, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity Studies of the Adapted Autism Behaviour Checklist in Turkey
AbstractThe present study aims to develop an assessment instrument for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Turkey based on the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC). Validity and reliability studies of Adapted ABC (AABC) were conducted on 969 children with ASD and 164 children with intellectual disability from 21 cities in Turkey. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a two-factor structure. The correlation of the AABC with the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-2-Turkish Version supported criterion-referenced validity. Reliability analyses demonstrated that test –retest, internal consistency, and ite...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 4, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Early Clinical Assessment of Balance (ECAB) for Young Children with Cerebral Palsy
AbstractThe Early Clinical Assessment of Balance (ECAB) is a clinical tool that measures the postural stability of young children with cerebral palsy (CP) between the ages of one and a half to five years. The aim of this study was to test the reliability and the validity of the Turkish version of the ECAB in children with CP. Fifty children with spastic CP with the median age of 4.25 (IQR: 3 –5) years were included in the study. The children were between the levels I-V according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Test-retest reliability of the ECAB was evaluated by using the Intraclass Correla...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 28, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Homeschool Decision-Making and Evidence-Based Practice for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractHomeschooling children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased in popularity and is an educational option considered by parents. Interviews were conducted with 9 parents homeschooling children with ASD to systematically characterize reasons parents provide for their decision to homeschool and the educational experiences parents are providing. Five distinct themes emerged regarding reasons parents decided to homeschool children with ASD. Parents began homeschooling at a mean grade of 4.33 and their decision to homeschool was characterized by a long-term process for 55.56% and following one catalyst event f...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychosocial Correlates of Physical Activity Participation and Screen-Time in Typically Developing Children and Children on the Autism Spectrum
This study compared psychosocial factors associated with physical activity and screen-time between nine-year old children with ASD (n = 55) and TD children (n = 55). Variables of interest included self-concept, peer relationship problems, prosocial behaviors, and number of, and time spent, with friends. It was hypothesized that psychosocial correlates of health behaviors differ between children with and without ASD. Parents completed questionnaires assessing the child ’s physical activity, screen-time, and psychosocial characteristics. Regression analyses indicated that for measures of phy...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 16, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Dose-Response Association between Exercise Intensity and Manual Motor Performance in Individuals with Down Syndrome: a Preliminary Study
This study was aimed at investigating the dose-response relationship between acute exercise and its effects on manual motor control mediated by the intensity of exercise in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Participants were randomized into vigorous-intensity exercise (i.e., 75 –85% of predicted MaxHR), moderate-intensity exercise (i.e., 50–75% of predicted MaxHR) or control groups. The exercise groups performed an incremental walking protocol on the treadmill and the control group watched a video for 20-min. Measures of grip strength and manual dexterity were tested p re- and post- intervention. A quadric t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 10, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Well-Being in a Sample of Deaf Adults
This study examines the correlates of happiness among 377 deaf adults using an anonymous online questionnaire. Results indicate that there are several correlates of happiness, including satisfaction with family and friends ’ relationships and communication, membership in the deaf and hearing communities, education, income, body image, education, and resilience. All except education were predictors of happiness scores. These findings are supported by other studies of the general population. They support the idea that deaf individuals are happy when they have satisfying employment, living conditions, family and friends...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 6, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Parenting Style among Indonesian Parents of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Associations with Socio-Economic Status and Social Supports
This study supports existing evidence for associations among parenting style and social supports, but raises questions about the cultural meanings of these parenting styles for parents with a child with ASD in Indonesia. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 31, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using the Young Children ’s Participation and Environment Measure (YC-PEM) to Describe Young Children’s Participation and Relationship to Disability and Complexity
AbstractMinimal research exists on the participation of young children who are five years and younger. The purpose of this study is to describe the participation of young children who use a large children ’s treatment centre in Ontario, Canada in relation to primary diagnosis and complexity (cumulative number of functional concerns). One hundred and seventy parent responses described environmental supports and barriers, participation frequency and level of involvement in home, daycare/preschool, an d community settings as well as parent’s desired change in activities using the Young Children’s Participati...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 22, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Dental Desensitization for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder through Graduated Exposure, Reinforcement, and Reinforcement-Fading
AbstractMany persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities resist basic dental care leading to poor oral health. The present study evaluated the effects of a dental desensitization intervention for two students who had autism spectrum disorder and would not tolerate tooth cleaning and examination. Intervention consisted of gradually exposing the students to steps within a desensitization hierarchy, reinforcing compliance, and progressively fading-eliminating reinforcement. Familiar care-providers implemented intervention within a simulated dental setting at their school. Both students completed intervention succ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 16, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Non-ambulatory People with Intellectual Disabilities Practice Functional Arm, Leg or Head Responses Via a Smartphone-Based Program
This study extended the research on technology-aided programs for promoting the independent performance (practice) of functional motor responses (e.g., arm or leg-foot movements) in people with intellectual disabilities and extensive motor impairments. Specifically, the study assessed (a) the suitability of simple commercial technology (i.e., a smartphone) to monitor the responses targeted and provide stimulation contingent on them, and (b) the impact of response performance on the participants ’ level of physical exertion (heart rates) and mood. The results showed that the simple commercial technology was effective ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 8, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Microswitch-Cluster Technology for Promoting Occupation and Reducing Hand Biting of Six Adolescents with Fragile X Syndrome: New Evidence and Social Rating
AbstractWe further extended the use of microswitch-cluster technology for promoting occupational activities and reducing hand biting of six adolescents with fragile X syndrome and severe to profound developmental disabilities. The primary rehabilitative goal was to enhance the adaptive response (i.e., inserting three different objects in the three containers within a 4  s time interval). The secondary objective was to evaluate the effects of the intervention on indices of positive participation as outcome measure of the participants ‘quality of life. Finally, a social validation assessment involving sixty-six ex...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 3, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Injurious Behavior in People with Intellectual Disabilities and Co-Occurring Psychopathology using the Self-Harm Scale: A Pilot Study
This study was one of the few that used an incident-based record form to report SIB by direct observation. It is hoped that the SHS helps to gain more information about SIB, to improve individualized interventions. Further research is necessary to determine the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the scale. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractScience has made strides in describing the neurobiological and genetic bases for autism, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Literature reveals that when families face an autism diagnosis they speculate reasons for its cause, many of which are consistent – and others not consistent – with current scientific understanding. Beliefs affect families’ emotional responses and behaviors related to helping their children. This pilot study involved the development of a survey instrument based on a sample of fifteen “causal” beliefs for autism repor ted in a review of the literature, and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Premature Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Positive Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in an Early Intervention Sample
AbstractYoung children (n = 7526) assessed within a statewide early intervention program between 2008 and 2015 were screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits- Part 1 (BISCUIT- Part 1). The relationship between premature birth, birth weight, and ASD scree ning outcome was examined using bivariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression analyses (adjusted for child’s gender, ethnicity, age at screening, and developmental delays). Results indicated that birth weight was a stronger predictor of screening outcome than premature birth, w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Fading an Auditory Model by Volume to Teach Mands to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe effectiveness of an audio model faded by volume on manding for materials was evaluated within an interrupted behavior chain with two children with autism. Behavior chains were interrupted to contrive an establishing operation (EO) by providing broken items and were interspersed with abolishing operation (AO) trials. An auditory model to teach mands was faded systematically by volume. Using a multiple probe design across three preferred activities, it was found that both participants were manded for some items in the absence of an audio prompt after it was faded systematically. Following the introduction of a pr...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of an Oral Narrative Intervention on the Fictional Narrative Retells of Children with ASD and Severe Language Impairment: A Pilot Study
AbstractA multiple baseline across participants design was used in this pilot study to investigate the effect of an oral narrative intervention on the macrostructure of short fictional narrative retells in children with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and severe communication impairment. Four children aged between 6 and 9  years of age took part in the 1:1 intervention that targeted the narrative macrostructure elements of character (who), setting (where+what), problem, internal response (feelings), attempt at a resolution (do), consequence (next) and end. Intervention involved the use of macrostructure ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Examining Predictors of Self-Determination in Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThis paper reports the results of an exploratory analysis of data from the Oklahoma National Core Indicators (NCI) project, examining the degree to which items related to opportunities for choice and control in the lives of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities from the NCI Adult Consumer Survey predicted self-reported self-determination outcomes assessed with the Short Form of The Arc ’s Self-Determination Scale: Adult Version. Findings suggest that several environmental factors related to choice and control opportunities impact self-determination and its essential characteristics. Being ab...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Trunk Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy and its Association with Upper Extremity Functions
This study investigated the upper extremity functions of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and the association between upper extremity function and trunk control. Thirty children with unilateral CP and 32 children with bilateral CP between the ages of 5 and 12  years were included in this study. The Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) was used to assess trunk control, and the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test was used to assess upper extremity functions (QUEST) (QUEST consists of four subscales: Dissociated Movements Scale, Grasp Scale, Weight Be aring Scale, and Protective Extension Scale). There was a signif...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Investigating the Domains of Life Satisfaction in Middle-Aged, Late Middle-Aged, and Older Adults with a Physical Disability
This study analyzed the Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled (PSED) collected in 2015 in Korea. A total of 2331 participants were used and examined their socio-demographic status, the satisfaction of life domains (social, health, finance, leisure, work and marital), and the overall life satisfaction. The results show that marital and employment statuses play an important role in promoting the overall life satisfaction for adults and older adults with a physical disability. In addition, this study suggests that the social and leisure satisfaction of an individual are the major contribution to life satisfaction among ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Identifying Fallers Using Clinical Balance Measures in Community-Dwelling Adults with Lower Extremity Amputation: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to administer clinical balance measures in community-dwelling adults with unilateral lower extremity (LE) amputations and determine optimal cut-off scores for identifying fallers. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of 40 independently ambulatory participants with unilateral LE amputations and a prosthetic device (20 fallers and 20 nonfallers) who were tested during a single session using: the Amputee Mobility Predictor with Prosthesis (AMP PRO), Functional Reach (FR), Single Limb Stance (SLS) and the Timed-Up-and-GO (TUG). There was a statistically significan...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Video Activity Schedules to Increase Independence for Students with Disabilities
This study used a multiple probe across behaviors design replicated across two participants to examine the effectiveness of a video activity schedule (VidAS) to increase independence in novel vocational tasks across three school settings (i.e., office, cafeteria, library). Both participants, one participant with an intellectual disability and one participant with a traumatic brain injury, were able to self-instruct using VidAS and independently complete all three tasks within each environment. Implications for teachers and practitioners working with transition-age youth with disabilities are discussed as well as limitation...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 29, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Robot-Assisted Upper Limb Training for Hemiplegic Children with Cerebral Palsy
AbstractThe aim of this study is to assess quantitatively the effects of a computer-assisted system (ARMEO Spring system) to improve upper extremity function in hemiplegic children due to Cerebral Palsy (CP), by means of clinical-functional scales and upper limb kinematics. Twenty-one children with hemiplegia were clinically assessed with Quality of Upper Extremities Skills Test and Melbourne Assessment and instrumentally by 3D movement analysis during reaching task. Data were collected before and after 4  weeks of treatment with the ARMEO Spring system. A control group of 15 healthy children was included as reference...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Brief Report on the 2.4-Year Test-Retest Agreement of Morning Cortisol and Anxiety in Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractChildren with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) also often suffer from elevated stress and anxiety. These states can be measured via reports of behaviour (from self or others) or from physiological measures of stress, including the symptoms of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and salivary cortisol, respectively. The use of these measures assumes a degree of reliability over time so that data from a specific period may be generalised to other periods. To measure the test-retest reliability of salivary cortisol and self-ratings of GAD in 27 high-functioning boys with ASD (M age  = 12.1 yr., SD&thins...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 18, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effect of Delay to Reinforcement and Response Effort on Response Variability for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study evaluated the effect of adjusting these variables to alter responding of three elementary age individuals with autism spectrum disorder who used AAC. A reversal design allowed for an evaluation of a functional relation between delay to reinforcement, response effort, and communication response allocation. When these parameters were changed, two participants shifted their responding while the third participant maintained his response allocation. This research provides further evidence that altering delay to reinforcement and response effort may aid in moving an individual from an AAC to spoken language. The resea...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 17, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using Auditory Feedback to Improve Dance Movements of Children with Disabilities
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of auditory feedback to improve dance movements of children with disabilities. The target behaviors were fundamental dance skills, individualized to each student, and scored using a task analysis to calculate the percentage of correct steps. The results showed that auditory feedback increased the specific dance skill for each young dancer. Although the skills decreased during the second baseline, the skills increased again in the second intervention phase. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 10, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Determinants of Utilization of Health Services Provided for Children with Cerebral Palsy in Jordan
AbstractEnhancing services utilization for children with cerebral palsy is a national priority particularly in middle and low income countries. Based on Andersen ’s (1995)Behavioral Model of Health Services Use and previous research findings, a conceptual model was developed to identify child, family, and service determinants of utilization of services by children with cerebral palsy in Jordan. 1 hundred and 16 families of children with cerebral palsy agreed to participate in the study. Children were 4.6  ± 4.3 years of age. The most common types of cerebral palsy were spastic quadriplegia f...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 8, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Monitoring and Monetary Reinforcement Increases Rate of Walking in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
This study used an ABAB design to evaluate a session-based self-monitoring and monetary reinforcement intervention for increasing walking by adults with intellectual disabilities at a worksite. The intervention resulted in a noticeable increase in the rate of walking for all five participants, with consistent increases for four participants. This study also evaluated if staff could correctly implement the intervention. The staff member implemented the treatment with high fidelity, and the higher rates of walking observed when the researchers implemented the intervention were maintained when staff implemented the interventi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of School-Based Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior for Adolescents with ASD
AbstractA systematic review was conducted to assess the types of school-based interventions commonly used for adolescents (10 to 21  years) to reduce challenging behavior. A total of 40 articles were identified through the database search and ancillary searches. Participant, implementer, and intervention characteristics were recorded during descriptive coding. This review found that antecedent-based interventions were most comm only used within the school setting. School personnel reported antecedent-based interventions to be acceptable and feasible within the school setting. Results of the descriptive coding found th...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 9, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research