Psychometric Properties of the 12-Item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) in Adult Patients with Motor Disabilities
AbstractTo explore the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 –12 item) in adult patients suffering from motor disabilities. The questionnaire of WHODAS 2.0–12 item was officially translated and cross-culturally adapted into Greek (WHODAS 2.0–12Gr).136 adult patients with motor disabilities included in the present observational study. A reliability study was carried out to explore WHODAS 2.0–12Gr’s internal consistency (Cronbach’sa), repeatability (Pearson ’sr) and test retest test-retest reliability ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 5, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Use of Repeated Reading with Systematic Error Correction for Elementary Students with Mild Intellectual Disability and Other Comorbid Disorders: A Systematic Replication Study
AbstractThis paper is a systematic replication of a previous study performed by Alber-Morgan et al. (2007) to examine the effects of repeated reading with systematic error correction (SEC) procedures to increase the reading fluency and comprehension skills of three elementary students with mild intellectual disability and other comorbid disorders. A multiple probe across participants design (Horner and Baer1978) was used to determine the effectiveness of the repeated reading intervention. During the baseline phase, the students read a passage aloud and orally answered comprehension questions. In the intervention phase, the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 5, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Comparison of Manual Sign and Speech Generating Devices in the Natural Environment
This study has important implications for social validity and long-term considerations of AAC. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 5, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

What Skills are Critical for Living in Supported Apartments and Small Group Homes?
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate critical independent living skills for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities who live in the community and common reasons individuals lose their residential placement. Participants included residential specialists from 26 states who worked at small group homes and supported apartments. A paper-based survey was mailed to 1000 randomly selected residential specialists using a proportional stratified sampling procedure; 280 completed surveys were used for data analysis. Descriptive statistics, chi square analyses, and a content analysis procedure were used...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 5, 2020 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Feasibility of the Assessment of the H-Reflex in Adult Dancers and Non-dancers with and without Down Syndrome: a Pilot Study
AbstractThe analysis of monosynaptic Hoffman ’s reflex (H-reflex) involves recording the response to electrical stimulation of Ia-afferent fibers from the muscle spindle. The H-reflex can be used as a probe to study spinal neuronal pathways and mechanisms at rest and during movement in humans. The purpose of this study was to analyze the fea sibility of the assessment of the H-reflex in people with Down syndrome (DS), and to compare it between adult dancers and non-dancers with and without DS. Twenty-five participants were included and divided into four groups (6 non-dancers and 6 dancers with DS and, 7 non-dancers a...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 20, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

How Common are Academic Overachievement and Underachievement in Children with Autism or ADHD?
AbstractThe prevalence of academic underachievement or learning disabilities in children with autism or ADHD (two groups at increased risk for such problems) has been extensively researched, but little is known about overachievement in these groups. The frequency of overachievement across academic domains compared to nondiscrepant achievement and underachievement in children with autism versus ADHD was determined. WISC-III/-IV and WIAT/-II scores were analyzed in 164 children with autism and 499 children with ADHD (6 –16 years of age, IQ > 80). Academic overachievement (achievement test standard sco...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 19, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Health and Life Satisfaction Among Parents of Children with Physical Disabilities
AbstractThe current study examined patterns of self-reported health and life satisfaction among parents of children with and without physical disabilities. Although research has shown that parents of children with disabilities face numerous challenges, no studies to date have exclusively focused on samples comprised entirely of families at risk for poverty and dissolution. The present study examines potential impacts of child disability on parent well-being above and beyond economic and social factors. The current study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Statistical analyses compared self-report...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of Prompt-Fading Procedures, Part II: Parameters and Components
AbstractInstructors use prompts to assist learners in acquiring skills and then fade those prompts until responding occurs under the appropriate stimulus control conditions. Cengher et al.Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 30, 155-173 (2018) reviewed studies that compared two or more different prompt-fading procedures. The current review extends the literature by analyzing studies that manipulated parameters and components of prompt-fading procedures. The data search and data analysis processes were similar to the ones reported by Cengher et al. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 30, 155-1...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Exploring the Appropriateness of Test Accommodations for Chinese University Students with Hearing Impairment
AbstractThis research evaluates the appropriateness of test accommodations among Chinese university students with hearing impairment, using reliability estimates and exploratory factor analysis. Study 1 explores the appropriateness of test directions accommodation for one nonverbal assessment (Group Embedded Figures Test) and two verbal assessments with increasing linguistic complexity levels (the Conceptions of Learning Inventory III and the Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II) among 213 participants. Study 2 examines the appropriateness of combining test directions accommodation with language accommodation for the two r...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 28, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Embedding Public Engagement in Biomedical Research: a Pilot Experience in the Field of Rare Genetic Disorders
AbstractIn the last decade, international efforts have been focused on public engagement, to foster public involvement in the affairs and decisions of policy-makers and scientists, in order to open a mutual sharing of knowledge, values and beliefs. Our study describes a pilot experience of public engagement in a fringe field of biomedical research which involves caregivers of patients with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS). For the 20th anniversary of Italian CdLS family ’s association, a workshop focusing on progress and advancement of biomedical research on CdLS was organized for families. At the end participants w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Prediction of Energy Expenditure from Pedometer-Determined Step-Rate in Adults with and without Down Syndrome
This study examined the step-counting accuracy of the NL-2000i electronic pedometer and whether pedometer-measured step-rate accurately predicts the energy expenditure in adults with and without Down syndrome (DS). Participants were 15 adults with DS and 15 adults without DS. Participants completed three walking trials at: their preferred speed; 0.8  m·s−1; and 1.4  m·s−1. We measured VO2 with a portable open-circuit spirometer and step rate with NL-2000i worn on the non-dominant hip and hand-tally as the criterion. We used multi-level modeling to develop an equation predicting VO2. We c...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Video Prompting in Teaching Children with Autism the Skill of Drawing a Six-Part Person
This study aimed to find out the effectiveness of the video prompting procedure via iPad in teaching children with autism the skill of drawing a six-part person, and also to examine its maintenance and generalization. The research used a multiple probe design (days) across participants, which is one of the single-subject designs. The participants of the research were three male subjects at 5 and 6  years of age with autism diagnoses. The research results indicated that all three subjects learned the skill of drawing a six-part person with the video prompting procedure via iPad, and that they generalized the skill with...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 24, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Role of Parental Attributions and Discipline in Predicting Child Problem Behavior in Preschoolers with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder
This study investigated the relations between parental attributions, parenting discipline, and child problem behavior in parents of preschoolers with ASD (n = 67) as compared to parents of neurotypically developing preschoolers (n = 57). Group differences in levels of parental attributions of child internality, child stability, and child controllability, as well as lax and overreactive discipline and level of parent-reported child problem behavior, were analyzed. Additionally, child ASD status, parental attributions of c ontrollability, lax discipline, and child problem behavior were examined wi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 24, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Movement Imitation Therapy for Preterm Babies (MIT-PB): a Novel Approach to Improve the Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Infants at High-Risk for Cerebral Palsy
This report on four cases demonstrates that mimicking normal and variable GM sequences might have a posit ive cascading effect on neurodevelopment. The results need to be interpreted with caution and replication studies on larger samples are warranted. Nonetheless, this innovative approach may represent a first step into a new intervention strategy. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 17, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Association between Quality of Life and Lifestyle of Wheelchair Handball Athletes
This study aimed to examine the association between quality of life and lifestyle of wheelchair handball athletes. The cross-sectional study comprised a sample of 105 male athletes with physical disabilities. Participants provided answers to the questions of the sociodemographic questionnaire, WHOQOL-Bref scale and the Fantastic lifestyle assessment. To analyze the resulting data, a one-way ANOVA and Tukey ’s post hoc test were employed. The quality of life domains with higher and lower scores were, respectively, the “Psychological” and “Environmental.” The lifestyle categories with higher and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

How Middle-Aged Siblings of Adults with Intellectual Disability Experience their Roles: a Qualitative Analysis
This study aims to explore the ways in which middle aged typical siblings of adults with intellectual disability shape and perceive their role within the aging family. An interpretive phenomenological analysis was used. Data collection was performed through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 17 middle aged siblings of adults with intellectual disabilities, followed by a thematic content analysis. Four themes were identified: (1) Sibling multiple roles along the life course; (2) The sibling ’s role in the changing alignment of aging families living with disabilities; (3) A retrospective examination of the sibli...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - November 12, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Assisted Cycling Therapy (ACT) Improves Adaptive Behaviors in Adolescents with Down Syndrome
AbstractThe aim of this research study was to examine the effects of Assisted Cycling Therapy (ACT) on adaptive/maladaptive behaviors, depression, and self-efficacy in adolescents with Down syndrome (DS). The participants were counterbalanced to either intervention groups of 1) Assisted Cycling Therapy (ACT), in which the participants ’ voluntary pedaling rates were augmented with a motor to ensure the maintenance of 80 rpm or greater 2) Voluntary Cycling (VC), in which participants cycled at their self-selected pedaling rate or 3) No Cycling (NC), in which the participants sat and watched a video. The ACT and V...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Perspectives and Values of Children with a Mitochondrial Disorder with Regard to Everyday Activities
This study exposed the broad child perspective and should provide better understanding of children’s choices in their participation in everyday activities. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - October 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Supporting Spanish-Speaking Families with Children with Disabilities: Evaluating a Training and Coaching Program
AbstractResearchers report that caregiver-implemented communication interventions are effective and feasible. However, limited information is available on training and coaching programs for families who speak languages other than English in their homes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a parent training and coaching program originally designed to support English-speaking families, then translated and modified to support Spanish-speaking families with young children with disabilities or speech delays. Specifically, this preliminary evaluation explored the extent to which the program had an impact on the following o...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of a Decision-Protocol Informed Toilet Training Intervention for Preschoolers with Disabilities
We describe a decision protocol for choosing among potentially efficacious toilet training interventions and tested its effects with 3 preschool participants with disabilities. We utilized a decision protocol (Keohane and Greer2005) to determine whether to initially implement interval or rapid training interventions as well as to determine whether adequate progress was being made with a particular toilet training intervention. We utilized the decision protocol to individualize toilet training procedure and evaluated its effects in a delayed multiple baseline design. Results indicated that the toileting skills of all partic...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teacher-Implemented Trial-Based Functional Analyses with Students with Emotional/Behavioral Disorders
AbstractThe utility of trial-based functional analysis (TBFA) in classrooms has been demonstrated. Few investigations have explored TBFA with individuals with emotional behavior disturbances, included modifications to conditions, evaluated results of interventions derived from TBFA, or compared the results of TBFA with a brief functional analysis (BFA). We attempted to address these limitations by (a) comparing results from TBFA and BFA; (b) incorporating modified functional analysis conditions to assess idiosyncratic contingencies; and (c) evaluating the outcomes of function-based interventions derived from functional ana...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of a Polish Version of the Parental Stress Index III (PSI III)
AbstractThe Parenting Stress Index (PSI) has been translated into multiple languages. The aim of the present study was to develop a Polish version of the PSI III. A total sample size of 678 parents (308 parents of children with ASD, 59 parents of children with Down syndrome, 65 parents of deaf children, 34 parents of children with other developmental disorders, and 212 parents without developmental disabilities) participated in the study. The Polish version of the PSI III was characterized by: (1) good internal consistency, (2) a three-factor structure, including Parent domain, Child domain, and the children ’s and p...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Writing Errors in Deaf Children
This article is aimed at deaf children literacy and addresses the error frequency in a writing sample. The dataset comes from a writing word task. The writing errors was classified into two types: lexical and phonological. The sample was composed of 199 deaf users of sign language, 15 deaf with hearing prosthesis, and 44 hearing children. All the participants were students of elementary school. As expected, the results show significant differences in type error (lexical vs. phonological) only in the deaf signer ’s group, with higher values in errors related to lexical route. However, we also found a positive correlat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 5, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Role of Moderators and Mediators in Implementing and Evaluating Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities-Related Policies and Practices
This article describes a comprehensive framework for incorporating moderator and mediator variables in program logic models and theory development as a useful way to better implement and evaluate policies and practices in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities related (IDD). Firstly, an overview of [program] logic models in the field of IDD is provided. Secondly, we present the role of moderator and mediator variables in program logics models. Thirdly, the role of moderators and mediators is explained in relation to outcomes through a systematic review in the Web of Science. Fourthly, a discussion about t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - September 3, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Description, Implementation Integrity, and Social Validity of a Computer-Assisted Sleep Monitoring System among Residential Care Providers of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractSeveral subjective and direct methods have been used to measure and assess sleep patterns and problems among children and youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In this paper, we describe the design, operating functions, and application of a computer-assisted system of sleep monitoring and data recording to improve measurement integrity of overnight care providers at a residential school. Descriptive and longitudinal evaluation conducted over a four-year evaluation period revealed that care providers averaged 91% implementation integrity with the system. A subsequent social validity assessment through survey qu...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effects of Positive Reinforcement, Instructional Strategies, and Negative Reinforcement on Problem Behavior and Academic Performance: an Experimental Analysis
AbstractThe prevalence of students with behavioral problems who also have learning problems has been reported to be as high as 50% (Glassberg et al.Behavioral Disorders, 25, 9 –21,1999). In the current study, we progressively evaluated the effects of positive reinforcement, instructional strategies, and, if needed, negative reinforcement on both academic performance (i.e., on-task academic behavior, task accuracy, reading fluency) and problem behavior with two boys who displayed a combination of behavioral and learning problems at school. A three-phase analysis was conducted within a combination multielement and reve...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 5, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Correction to: Self-Perceived Scholastic Competence, Athletic Competence, and Physical Appearance Are Enhanced in Children and Young Adults with Physical Disabilities Following a Community-Based Running Program
The authors would like to correct a minor error in the article that occurred in the production process. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 23, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Linking Maternal Caregiving Burden to Maternal and Child Adjustment: Testing Maternal Coping Strategies as Mediators and Moderators
This study examined the links between maternal caregiving burden and maternal and child adjustment, and whether these links were mediated and moderated by maternal coping strategies. Cross-sectional data were collected from 173 Chinese families with kindergarten aged children with special needs in Hong Kong, China (mean age  = 61.53 months; 72% of them were boys). Using questionnaires, mothers rated their caregiving burden, use of different coping strategies, and the adjustment of themselves and their children with special needs. Results demonstrated that maternal caregiving burden was negatively associa...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 18, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychoeducation Interventions for Parents and Teachers of Children and Adolescents with ADHD: a Systematic Review of the Literature
AbstractAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neuropsychiatric condition in childhood and adolescence. Psychoeducation has been recommended by different guidelines as an initial treatment for ADHD, however the effects of the intervention for reducing symptoms and improving other outcomes still need to be established. This systematic review investigated the magnitude of impact that psychoeducation interventions have on various outcomes in children with ADHD. A systematic review of articles published between 1990 and 2018 was conducted of treatment outcome studies that investigated the effects of...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 17, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Appreciation of the ‘Subtle Changes’: Perspectives of Korean American Parents Raising Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThis qualitative study explored the experiences of Korean American (KA) immigrant parents of children with development disabilities (DDs) for their children with DDs living in the southeastern U.S. Using the Contextual Model of Family Stress as an organizing theoretical framework, we examined differences based on cultural characteristics,  parents’ gender, child’s age, and diagnosis. Twenty KA parents of children with DDs participated in the study. We used grounded theory methods to analyze the data. Four major themes emerged including source of difficulties, source of support, perceptions of devel...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Critical Review of Social Narratives
AbstractSocial narratives, or story-based interventions, are defined as stories that describe social situations, appropriate social behaviors to display, and when to display the specified behaviors. Social narratives are a commonly implemented and empirically evaluated procedure used to improve social behavior and decrease the probability of aberrant behavior for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Although social narratives are a commonly implemented and evaluated procedure, recommendations about their use and effectiveness is conflicting. This paper reviews six interventions that fit the definition of so...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 15, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Developmental Functioning and Screening Outcome for Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractBecause early intervention often leads to the best outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it is important that these children are identified as early as possible. Therefore, exploration of tools that could be used to identify at-risk children at an early age is needed. Such a tool could assist health professionals and their decision about whether to refer an individual for a full diagnostic assessment for ASD. Several studies have demonstrated and supported the use of screening algorithms created from measures of developmental functioning. The purpose of the current study was to explore the relat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 11, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Perceived Scholastic Competence, Athletic Competence, and Physical Appearance Are Enhanced in Children and Young Adults with Physical Disabilities Following a Community-Based Running Program
AbstractChildren and young adults with physical disabilities consistently report low self-concept across multiple domains. The purpose of this study was to (1) determine if a community-based running program working to improve physical activity patterns in children and young adults with physical disabilities also affected self-concept, and (2) identify specific self-concept domains affected by the community-based running program. Twenty children and young adults (17 males, 3 females, 7 –24 years) participated in a community-based running program. The 10-week community-based program occurred twice weekly with a ti...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 9, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Family Activities in Families Including a Young Child with a Significant Cognitive and Motor Developmental Delay: an Ecocultural Perspective
AbstractFamilies including a young child with a significant cognitive and motor developmental delay need to adapt their routines to the child ’s needs, while balancing the resources, needs and values of the whole family system. We aim to characterize if and how their routines are sustainable in terms of ecological fit, congruence and meaningfulness, in comparison with families including a typically developing child. Based on an adapted version of the Ecocultural Family Interview, conducted with one or both parent(s), the routines of 6 families within the study group and 5 families within the control group were analys...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 30, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Resurgence of Challenging Behavior Following Functional Communication Training for Children with Disabilities: a Literature Review
AbstractFunctional communication training (FCT) is highly effective in reducing challenging behavior and increasing appropriate communication in children with developmental disabilities. However, the challenging behavior may re-occur following successful treatment with functional communication training when the functional communication response contacts extinction. Therefore, it is imperative to evaluate the variables that reduce resurgence of challenging behavior following successful treatment. For the current review, the systematic search yielded 14 articles from the current literature that evaluated resurgence following...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Validation of English Language Adaptations of the Kidslife and San Martin Scales for Assessing Quality of Life with Individuals on the Autism Spectrum Receiving Residential Care
This study assessed the reliability and validity of English translations of the San Mart ín (n = 236) and KidsLife (n = 93) scales with individuals with concurrent diagnoses of Autism and IDD. All participants were between the ages of 17 and 52 years old (M = 30.7,SD = 8.51) and required full-time residential care. Scales were completed by educational (n = 39) and residential (n = 92) staff who had known the participants for a minimum of six months. Temporal stability (r  = .73–.97) and inter-language consisten...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 14, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Challenge of Studying Interaction in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder during Play Activity with a Robotic Platform
AbstractThe present study aimed to assess the validity of using a robotic platform (RODDI) to increase and enhance communicative exchanges between educators and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. Nine children with ASD and intellectual disability and their educators took part in the study. Their communicative exchanges were assessed in two different settings: a normal play session and a RODDI play session. RODDI platform did not appear to enhance communicative exchanges in children with ASD. They produced a significantly lower number of vocal productions to the educators in the RODDI ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Staff Training in Intellectual and Developmental Disability Settings: a Scoping Review
AbstractFrontline staff are a valuable asset within an intellectual and developmental disability service. Their work dictates the overall standard of care delivered by the organization. However, there is evidence that the research relating to effective practice is having little impact on the competencies displayed by staff in the real-world setting. Therefore, a scoping review of published literature was conducted to investigate potential explanations for the inadequate dissemination of evidence-based practice in this sector. Systematic searches of relevant databases identified 156 papers for inclusion in the review. Pract...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 2, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Facilitating Play and Social Interaction between Children with Visual Impairments and Sighted Peers by Means of Augmented Toys
AbstractChildren with visual impairments (VIs) in mainstream education often experience social participation difficulties during peer play with sighted children. It was investigated whether augmented toys were effective to facilitate peer play and social interaction in 18 dyads of children with VIs and their sighted classmates. Eighteen children aged 4-to-11 with a visual impairment (mean age  = 7.46,SD = 2.19) and eighteen sighted classmates (mean age = 7.56,SD = 2.08) played with an augmented and with a non-augmented toy, using a counterbalanced crossover repeated m...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 28, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Covert Audio Coaching to Increase Question Asking by Female College Students with Autism: Proof of Concept
AbstractDeficits in social-communication skills are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Deficits in social communication progress into adolescence and adulthood, making complex social interactions particularly difficult and preventing the development of meaningful friendships. Interventions aimed to improve conversational skills needed to foster development of relationships for this age group are needed. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of instructional modules and covert audio coaching (CAC), on the frequency of question asking skills among college stud...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 26, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Effects of a Behavior Intervention Package on Augmented and Vocal Mands by Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractVarious types of augmentative and alternative communication systems have been successfully used to enable functional communication in children with developmental disabilities. The effects of such systems on natural speech production have also been investigated, but few studies have explored the effects of specific procedures aim at inducing natural speech within interventions focused on teaching functional use of augmentative and alternative communication systems. The current study investigated the effectiveness of a behavior intervention package for teaching functional use (manding) of an augmentative and alternat...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 21, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Towards a More Family Oriented and Interdisciplinary Screening of Language Development in Young Children: Perceptions, Opinions and Desires of Caregivers of Children with and without Atypical Language Development
AbstractOnly a small number of children with atypical language development who can benefit from early intervention are actually identified before reaching school age. Our aim was to explore perceptions of caregivers of monolingual and multilingual children with and without atypical language development in order to provide relevant themes for improving language screening and referral in Well Child Care (WCC). We interviewed 38 Dutch caregivers of monolingual and multilingual children with and without atypical language development. They were recruited via kindergarten, nurseries, and speech and language pathologists. First, ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 19, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Psychological Benefits of Inclusive Soccer Program in Young Adults with and without Intellectual Disabilities
This study was aimed at investigating the effects of the inclusive soccer program on psychological benefits in young adults with and without intellectual disabilities (ID). In the current study, sport motivation, measured as the relative autonomy index, visuo-spatial working memory and selective attention aspects of executive function, measured as the computerized Corsi Block Tapping Test and Eriksen Flanker Test were assessed. Ten participants with ID and ten typical partners practiced soccer activities together for 50-min each session, twice a week for fifteen-week long. The whole practice sessions were monitored at mode...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 17, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

“Tourette’s Is a Lonely Place”: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the Personal Experience and Identity of Adults with Tourette’s Syndrome
This study, which we believe to be the first of its kind, aimed to expand the litera ture by ‘giving voice’ to this population, and to evaluate the social and personal cost of living with TS during adulthood. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen adults with Tourette’s that focused on how they negotiated their identity and experiences. Transcripts of recorded interviews were subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged: a) “Incorporating Tourette’s syndrome into self” revealed two divergent ways in which TS was merged into the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 13, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Maternal Acceptance –Rejection and Mother–Child Interaction in Turkish Mothers of Children with Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThe study evaluates the relationship between mothers ’ perceptions of being accepted or rejected by their mothers as children and the quality of mother–child interaction in mothers with developmental disabilities. The mothers’ and children’s ages ranged from 25 to 56 (x = 35.05) and 12 to 72 months (x = 52), respectively. A total of 1 03 children were involved in the study (80 boys and 23 girls); 57 children were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and 46 with other developmental disabilities. Parental Acceptance–Rejection Scale / Mother Assessment ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 8, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Establishing Peer Manding in Young Children with Autism Using a Speech-Generating Device
This study evaluated the use of theinterrupted chain procedure in the establishment of peer manding for three young children with a diagnosis of autism. The procedures involved the presentation of a task related activity (i.e., puzzle) and the neuro-typical peer interrupted the behavioral chain of task completing by withholding the final piece needed to complete the task. An iPad ® based SGD was used as an AAC for the participants to mand for the missing item needed to complete the task related activity from the peer. Additionally, a five-second-time delay with full physical prompts was used for instructional purposes....
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 8, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Youth and Parent Illness Appraisals and Adjustment in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease
AbstractYouth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and their parents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment difficulties, potentially due to the uncertain and intrusive nature of IBD. However, empirical investigations have yet to assess the contribution of these unique disease features to adjustment outcomes. Our aim was to examine: 1) the influence of youth and parent perceptions of illness uncertainty and illness intrusiveness on youth adjustment; and 2) examine the influence of youth and parent perceived uncertainty and intrusiveness on parent adjustment. Youth with IBD (N = 107) and their pri...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 6, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Reported Anxiety, Depression and Coping in Parents of Children with Phenylketonuria
AbstractLimited published research has evaluated mental health in parents of children with phenylketonuria (PKU) and their coping strategies. We aimed to assess anxiety, depression and coping in parents of Tunisian children treated for PKU. We conducted a cross-sectional study in the reference center for the management of inherited metabolic diseases in Tunisia. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale and the Brief-COPE. Dependent variables were anxiety, depression, HAD Depression (HADD) and Anxiety (HADA) scores, and coping scores. Linear regression and logistic binary regression were used for multivariate...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 23, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Training Change Agents how to Implement Formal Preference Assessments: a Review of the Literature
AbstractFormal preference assessments are commonly implemented as a way to evaluate potential reinforcers for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, developmental disabilities, and intellectual disabilities. Today there are numerous formal preference assessments that can be used clinically, and which have been evaluated empirically. Therefore, formal preference assessments are a procedure that behavior analysts, professionals (e.g., teachers or paraprofessionals), and students are trained to implement accurately. This review of the literature included 19 articles, with 21 experiments, that evaluated different...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 11, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Systematic Evaluation of Variables Associated with Emesis: A Case Study
AbstractRecurrent emesis (i.e., vomiting) during mealtime is often a great concern of caregivers of children with pediatric feeding disorders. Identifying the cause and treating the emesis may be difficult due to the multiple factors that may contribute to the occurrence overtime. Emesis may result from various factors, some of which include volume sensitivity, inadequate oral motor skills, and environmental factors related to food novelty and texture. This case study describes a 6-year-old boy with spina bifida who was dependent upon gastrointestinal-tube feedings due to frequent emesis when fed orally. Upon admission to ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 10, 2019 Category: Disability Source Type: research