Self-Monitoring and Monetary Reinforcement Increases Rate of Walking in Adults with Intellectual Disabilities
This study used an ABAB design to evaluate a session-based self-monitoring and monetary reinforcement intervention for increasing walking by adults with intellectual disabilities at a worksite. The intervention resulted in a noticeable increase in the rate of walking for all five participants, with consistent increases for four participants. This study also evaluated if staff could correctly implement the intervention. The staff member implemented the treatment with high fidelity, and the higher rates of walking observed when the researchers implemented the intervention were maintained when staff implemented the interventi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

A Review of School-Based Interventions to Reduce Challenging Behavior for Adolescents with ASD
AbstractA systematic review was conducted to assess the types of school-based interventions commonly used for adolescents (10 to 21  years) to reduce challenging behavior. A total of 40 articles were identified through the database search and ancillary searches. Participant, implementer, and intervention characteristics were recorded during descriptive coding. This review found that antecedent-based interventions were most comm only used within the school setting. School personnel reported antecedent-based interventions to be acceptable and feasible within the school setting. Results of the descriptive coding found th...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 9, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Increasing Efficiency in Mathematics: Teaching Subitizing to Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability
AbstractSubitizing is an early numeracy mathematical skill where students are able to state the quantity of something without counting. This mathematical skill is more efficient than counting with one-to-one correspondence and leads to increased addition speed and accuracy. As more research emerges showing students with moderate and severe intellectual disability can learn mathematical concepts, there is a need for addressing efficiency. A single-case, multiple probe across participants design was used to investigate the effects of simultaneous prompting on subitizing and addition problem solving speed on three students wi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 8, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Integrated CBT (MiCBT) for Reducing Distress in Parents of Children with Intellectual Disability (ID): a Case Series
AbstractCaring for a child with an intellectual disability (ID) is associated with significant psychological distress. Interventions include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Mindfulness-integrated CBT (MiCBT) may offer a balance between CBT ’s change focus and MBSR’s acceptance focus for these parents. Five participants were recruited and provided one to one MiCBT tailored to parental carers of children with ID. Four participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) pre-treatment and post-treatment. Reliable change analysis was used to ide...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Exploring Associations with 6-Minute Walk Test Performance in Adolescents and Young Adults with Down Syndrome: a Pilot Study
AbstractSix-minute walk test (6MWT) has been shown to be a valid and reliable measure of functional performance with respect to mobility in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). However, a wide variability of walking distance was observed from previous studies. Thus, there is a need to investigate the possible influencing factors of walking distance of the 6MWT in this population. In the current study, fourteen adolescents and young adults with DS, aged 14-30  yr. were recruited. Anthropometric variables, such as chronological age (CA), mental age (MA), Body Mass Index (BMI), level of physical activity (PA), grip stren...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - August 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Behavioral, Emotional, and Social Well-Being in Children Who Stutter: Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey
The objective of this study was to explore behavioral, emotional and social well-being among children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS), using national data. Data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (2010-2015) were analyzed to examine behavioral, emotional, and social well-being in CWS compared to CWNS using responses from the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Chi-square tests of independence were used for comparing categorical variables and independent samples t-tests for comparing continuous variables. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used for determining odds o...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 30, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Applying a Vibration Reminder to Ameliorate the Hyperactive Behavior of Students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Class
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using a vibration reminder with three students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) to ameliorate their hyperactive behavior during class. The intervention of using a vibration reminder was based on the concept of providing nonverbal messages to manage students ’ behavior. The vibration reminder was placed on one of each participant’s thighs and would be triggered when he/she manifested target behaviors such as hyperactivity. The vibration would cease when the participant stopped the target behaviors, and the duration of t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 30, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Walking Mechanics and Movement Pattern Variability in Monozygotic Twins with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe study of monozygotic (MZ) twins enables researchers to understand the inheritability and manifestation of many disorders due to the presence of near identical genotypes. It is reasonable to speculate that the heterogeneous manifestations of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) present unique movement challenges to each MZ twin, regardless of nearly identical genotypes. However, such a study has yet to be performed. Additionally, no study has attempted to quantify the movement dysfunctions previously observed in this population. The purpose of this investigation was to examine gait parameters and movement pattern vari...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 30, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Determination and Integration among Deaf or Hard of Hearing and Hearing University Students
This study explores how self-determination relates to integration among deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and hearing university students in mainland China. The American Institutes for Research (AIR) Self-Determination Scale and the Institutional Integration Scale were administered to 300 DHH students and 250 hearing students. Results showed that those with higher levels of self-determination tended to be more integrated, while those with lower levels scored lower on the Institutional Integration Scale. The limitations, contributions, and implications of the present research are discussed. (Source: Journal of Developmental and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 28, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Self-Injurious Behavior in People with Intellectual Disabilities and Co-Occurring Psychopathology using the Self-Harm Scale: A Pilot Study
This study was one of the few that used an incident-based record form to report SIB by direct observation. It is hoped that the SHS helps to gain more information about SIB, to improve individualized interventions. Further research is necessary to determine the psychometric properties and clinical utility of the scale. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Improved Physiology and Psychosocial Well-Being for Individuals with Physical Disabilities through Virtual Reality Immersion: a Case Study
AbstractThe purpose of this case study was to examine the physiological and psychosocial effects of an immersive virtual reality (VR) system in a female, young adult with physical disabilities. Mixed-methods. University, City, State, USA. The current study consisted of six sessions over a span of three weeks, with each session lasting approximately 45  min. Physiological factors (upper body mobility, heart rate variability) were assessed via a hand use questionnaire and a heart rate monitor, while psychosocial factors (e.g. positive mood) were assessed through post-session debriefing discussions with the participant. ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using an Intervention Package which Included Video Prompting and Video Modeling to Teach Students with Disabilities to Find a Word in the Dictionary
AbstractVideo-based interventions (i.e., video prompting and video modeling) have been acknowledged as efficient evidence-based practices to teach social or living skills to students with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). However, this strategy has been used less to teach these students ’ academic skills, such as literacy skills, and this teaching has typically been directed at young students. Given that, the aim of this study was to teach secondary school students with IDD to find a word in the dictionary by using an intervention package which included video prompting and video modeling strategies. ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 26, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Examining the Relationship Between Self-Determination and Quality of Life in Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractPromoting self-determination (SD) in youth with disabilities is positively related to better post-secondary outcomes, such as employment and independence. Despite extensive research into SD and quality of life (QoL) for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities, the relation between the two has not been examined for young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID). The aim of this pilot study was to examine the relationship between two complementary measures of SD, namely the Arc ’s Self-Determination Scale (Wehmeyer and Kelchner1995) and the AIR Self-Determi...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 18, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Investigating the Domains of Life Satisfaction in Middle-Aged, Late Middle-Aged, and Older Adults with a Physical Disability
This study analyzed the Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled (PSED) collected in 2015 in Korea. A total of 2331 participants were used and examined their socio-demographic status, the satisfaction of life domains (social, health, finance, leisure, work and marital), and the overall life satisfaction. The results show that marital and employment statuses play an important role in promoting the overall life satisfaction for adults and older adults with a physical disability. In addition, this study suggests that the social and leisure satisfaction of an individual are the major contribution to life satisfaction among ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 4, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of Menarche upon the Sensory Features of Girls with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe effects of menarche on Sensory Features (SF) profiles were investigated in a sample of 53 high-functioning girls aged 6  yr. to 17 yr. (M age  = 10.0 yr., SD = 2.7 yr) who had received a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Results indicated that girls who had reached menarche were reported by their mothers as exhibiting significantly lower Sensation Seeking and Multisensory Processing scores than girls who had yet to re ach menarche. When examined at the individual item level, no-menarche girls showed significantly higher scores on six of the Sensation Se...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - July 3, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Identifying Fallers Using Clinical Balance Measures in Community-Dwelling Adults with Lower Extremity Amputation: A Cross-Sectional Study
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to administer clinical balance measures in community-dwelling adults with unilateral lower extremity (LE) amputations and determine optimal cut-off scores for identifying fallers. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a convenience sample of 40 independently ambulatory participants with unilateral LE amputations and a prosthetic device (20 fallers and 20 nonfallers) who were tested during a single session using: the Amputee Mobility Predictor with Prosthesis (AMP PRO), Functional Reach (FR), Single Limb Stance (SLS) and the Timed-Up-and-GO (TUG). There was a statistically significan...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 30, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Fading an Auditory Model by Volume to Teach Mands to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe effectiveness of an audio model faded by volume on manding for materials was evaluated within an interrupted behavior chain with two children with autism. Behavior chains were interrupted to contrive an establishing operation (EO) by providing broken items and were interspersed with abolishing operation (AO) trials. An auditory model to teach mands was faded systematically by volume. Using a multiple probe design across three preferred activities, it was found that both participants were manded for some items in the absence of an audio prompt after it was faded systematically. Following the introduction of a pr...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 28, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Feeding/Swallowing Impact Survey
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to translate the Feeding/Swallowing Impact Survey (FS-IS) into Turkish and to test its reliability and validity in caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Caregivers accompanying the 117 children with CP who were referred for an instrumental swallowing evaluation were included in the study. The FS-IS was translated from English into Turkish by using the forward, backward, forward translation method. Parents completed the Turkish version of the Feeding/Swallowing Impact Survey (T-FS-IS) which has 3 subscales including daily activities, worry and feeding difficulties. Swallowing...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Premature Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Positive Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorder in an Early Intervention Sample
AbstractYoung children (n = 7526) assessed within a statewide early intervention program between 2008 and 2015 were screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using the Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtIsm Traits- Part 1 (BISCUIT- Part 1). The relationship between premature birth, birth weight, and ASD scree ning outcome was examined using bivariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression analyses (adjusted for child’s gender, ethnicity, age at screening, and developmental delays). Results indicated that birth weight was a stronger predictor of screening outcome than premature birth, w...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 22, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Trunk Control in Children with Cerebral Palsy and its Association with Upper Extremity Functions
This study investigated the upper extremity functions of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and the association between upper extremity function and trunk control. Thirty children with unilateral CP and 32 children with bilateral CP between the ages of 5 and 12  years were included in this study. The Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) was used to assess trunk control, and the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test was used to assess upper extremity functions (QUEST) (QUEST consists of four subscales: Dissociated Movements Scale, Grasp Scale, Weight Be aring Scale, and Protective Extension Scale). There was a signif...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effects of an Oral Narrative Intervention on the Fictional Narrative Retells of Children with ASD and Severe Language Impairment: A Pilot Study
AbstractA multiple baseline across participants design was used in this pilot study to investigate the effect of an oral narrative intervention on the macrostructure of short fictional narrative retells in children with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and severe communication impairment. Four children aged between 6 and 9  years of age took part in the 1:1 intervention that targeted the narrative macrostructure elements of character (who), setting (where+what), problem, internal response (feelings), attempt at a resolution (do), consequence (next) and end. Intervention involved the use of macrostructure ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - June 8, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Additive Analysis of Lag Schedules of Reinforcement and Rules on Novel Responses of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractLag schedules of reinforcement have been found to be useful in addressing invariant behavior of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to conduct an additive analysis of lag schedules and rules. Three participants with ASD were exposed to a Lag 2 schedule of reinforcement in isolation. Following, participants were introduced to an incomplete rule and then a complete rule regarding reinforcement in conjunction with the lag schedule. Results indicated that lag schedules in isolation were generally sufficient for increasing novel responding. The addition of incomplete and comple...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 30, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Exploring Perceptions of Blame for Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractScience has made strides in describing the neurobiological and genetic bases for autism, but its etiology remains poorly understood. Literature reveals that when families face an autism diagnosis they speculate reasons for its cause, many of which are consistent – and others not consistent – with current scientific understanding. Beliefs affect families’ emotional responses and behaviors related to helping their children. This pilot study involved the development of a survey instrument based on a sample of fifteen “causal” beliefs for autism repor ted in a review of the literature, and...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 28, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Examining Predictors of Self-Determination in Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractThis paper reports the results of an exploratory analysis of data from the Oklahoma National Core Indicators (NCI) project, examining the degree to which items related to opportunities for choice and control in the lives of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities from the NCI Adult Consumer Survey predicted self-reported self-determination outcomes assessed with the Short Form of The Arc ’s Self-Determination Scale: Adult Version. Findings suggest that several environmental factors related to choice and control opportunities impact self-determination and its essential characteristics. Being ab...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 28, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Regression Trends & amp; Treatment Effectiveness to Improve Quality of Life for a Pre-Adolescent Girl with MPS IIIA
This study suggests that ABA may provide instructional techniques resulting in continued communication methods, maintenance of motor mobi lity, and reduction of unsafe behaviors for children with MPS IIIA. More research needs to be conducted to expand care for these children from only palliative care to treatments for increasing quality of life. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 22, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Getting Connected: Speech and Language Pathologists ’ Perceptions of Building Rapport via Telepractice
AbstractBuilding rapport with families (parents and children) is recognized as an important feature of effective intervention. In telepractice service delivery, activities and practices that shape speech language pathologists ’ (SLPs) rapport with children and families can take different forms of engagement and interaction. Identifying which SLP practices facilitate the establishment and nurturing of rapport is important and may provide keys to successful service delivery via telepractice. In this article, we present r esults from a qualitative study exploring SLPs’ perceptions of building rapport with the chil...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 17, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Integrated CBT (MiCBT) for Reducing Distress in Parents of Children with Intellectual Disability (ID): a Case Series
AbstractCaring for a child with an intellectual disability (ID) is associated with significant psychological distress. Interventions include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Mindfulness-integrated CBT (MiCBT) may offer a balance between CBT ’s change focus and MBSR’s acceptance focus for these parents. Five participants were recruited and provided one to one MiCBT tailored to parental carers of children with ID. Four participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) pre-treatment and post-treatment. Reliable change analysis was used to ide...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 12, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Perceptions of Support in Chinese Mothers of a Child with Intellectual Disability
This study explored the perceptions of Chinese mothers of a child with intellectual disability about the support that they received. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with twelve mothers of a school-aged child with intellectual disability. The data were analysed thematically. It was found that Chinese mothers received support mainly from family members, social contacts, school teachers, and the government. Family conflicts, isolation from friends and community, unequal relationships with school teachers, and restricted access to information appear to be the main barriers for mothers to accessing and utilizing the...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 7, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Patterns of Adult Sibling Role Involvement with Brothers and Sisters with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
AbstractAdult siblings of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are increasingly involved in family care, yet, adult siblings consistently report needing more information and support to engage in these roles. Knowing more about which roles siblings are likely to assume may help address this need. Thus, we further examined the most common roles assumed by adult siblings (N  = 171), the demographic variables related to an increased likelihood of assuming specific roles, and the potential clusters in patterns of role assumption. We transformed qualitative data from an online survey wit...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - May 4, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Diagnostic, Demographic, and Neurocognitive Correlates of Dysgraphia in Students with ADHD, Autism, Learning Disabilities, and Neurotypical Development
AbstractThe importance of diagnostic, demographic, and neurocognitive correlates of dysgraphia in 1006 students 6 –16 years was determined. Children with ADHD or autism (n = 831) and neurotypical children (n = 175) were administered the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI), Wechsler subscales, and reading and math tests. IQ was the strongest correlate of dysgraphia (VMI scores), followed by diagnosis (ADHD/autism vs. neurotypical). Visual-fine motor ability was the only other signif icant correlate. Verbal and visual reasoning ability, processing speed, working memory,...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Assessing Autism Spectrum Disorder in People with Sensory Impairments Combined with Intellectual Disabilities
AbstractPeople with sensory impairments combined with intellectual disabilities show behaviours that are similar to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The instrument Observation of Autism in people with Sensory and Intellectual Disabilities (OASID) was developed to diagnose ASD in this target group. The current study focuses on the psychometric properties of OASID. Sixty individuals with intellectual disabilities in combination with visual impairments and/or deafblindness participated in this study. The OASID assessment was administered and rated by three independent observers. By means of expert consensus cut-off scores for ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 24, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Influence of High and Low Autonomy-Supportive Climates on Physical Activity in Children with and without Developmental Disability
This study is the firs t to quantitatively assess the efficacy of a fully-inclusive autonomy-supportive climate on physical activity levels in children with and without developmental disabilities. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - April 13, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Initial Evaluation of Trial-Based Functional Analyses of Inappropriate Mealtime Behavior
AbstractTreatment of inappropriate mealtime behavior (IMB) should involve a functional analysis to determine variables maintaining the target behaviors. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the trial-based functional analysis of IMB and assess correspondence of the results with a traditional functional analysis. The participants were two boys, ages 3 and 5  years old, diagnosed with developmental disabilities. A trial-based functional analysis and traditional analogue functional analysis of IMB were conducted with each participant, with the order of functional analyses counterbalanced across participants. ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 27, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Video Self-Modeling in Teaching Active Video Game Skills to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractVideo self-modeling (VSM) is a teaching method in video-based approaches for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), who have a limited repertoire of leisure skills and tend towards sedentary behaviours. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the video self-modeling procedure in teaching active video game skill to children with ASD. The study included 4 children with ASD aged 7  years, who participated in the study and were taught an active video game skill, consisting of multi-step skills (25), in a one-to-one training format in five sessions per week. A multiple probe design with...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 24, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Toileting Problems in Children and Adolescents with Parent-Reported Diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractThe current study investigated toileting problems in one hundred and twenty-seven children and adolescents with parent-reported diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder. Toileting refers to the accomplishment of various unprompted behaviors, including recognising the need to go to the toilet, and waiting before eliminating. The relationship between toileting problems and age, gender, intellectual disability, gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep problems, comorbid psychopathology, quality of life, and adaptive functioning were examined using parent-report questionnaires. The most common toileting problems were, “Does...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 22, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

An Evaluation of the Effects of Antecedent Exercise Type on Stereotypic Behaviors
This study examined the effects of two types of physical activities on stereotypic behaviors (SBs) and task engagement of young children with autism spectrum disorder. Locomotor activities and object manipulation activities were applied to three preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder. A multi-element design with a three-component test sequence (Morrison et al.Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis,44, 523 –541,2011) was used to identify changes in SBs and task engagement in the following three consecutive 5-min phases: pre-physical activity (pre-PA), physical activity (PA), and post-physical activity (post-PA). For...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Pilot Trial of a Comprehensive Summer Psychosocial Treatment for High-Functioning Young Children with ASD
This study examined the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a comprehensive summer psychosocial treatment (summerMAXyc) for high-functioning young children, ages 4 –6 years, with ASD (HFASD). The 5-week treatment, conducted 5 days per week, 6 h per day, included skills instruction and therapeutic activities targeting social/social-communication skills, facial-emotion recognition, and interest expansion. A behavioral system was implemented to increase skil ls acquisition and maintenance and reduce ASD symptoms and problem behaviors. Feasibility was supported in high levels of treatment fidelity and ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 21, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Unveiling Issues Limiting Participation of Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: From Early Identification to Insights for Intervention
This study is significant as it assists therapists, teachers, and parents to a greater understanding of the underlying issues that may interfere with children’s participation at home, at sc hool, and in the community. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 8, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Testing Genetic Modifiers of Behavior and Response to Atomoxetine in Autism Spectrum Disorder with ADHD
AbstractFrequent non-pathogenic genetic variants may act as moderators of phenotypic severity for complex disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We previously identified polymorphisms affecting mRNA expression of candidate genes, including tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2), dopamine beta hydroxylase (DBH), and dopamine transporter (DAT, SLC6A3). We compare genotypes and (1) clinical response to atomoxetine, (2) scores from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R), and (3) severity of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a cohort of patients with ASD from multiple study sites. There wa...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - March 5, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Applying Andersen ’s Model to Explain Service Use and Quality of Life Among Australian Caregivers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
AbstractAccess to necessary supports and services is extremely important for the wellbeing and, ultimately, quality of life (QOL) of family caregivers. By understanding patterns of health service utilization, we can better tailor current services to meet caregivers ’ needs. Framed by Andersen’s Behavioral Model, predisposing, enabling and need factors associated with service utilization, and their relation to QOL, were examined in a cross-sectional sample of 156 Australian caregivers of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Particip ants completed an online survey to assess services acce...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 24, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Using In-Vivo Modeling and Feedback to Teach Classroom Staff to Implement a Complex Behavior Intervention Plan
This study used only two of the BST components, in-vivo modeling and feedback, to train three classroom staff members to implement a complex BIP. All three staff acquired the skills rapidly. (Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities)
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 20, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Resilience and Locus of Control of Parents Having a Child with Intellectual Disability
AbstractUnderstanding the resilience of parents is gaining importance in the field of intellectual disability as a process of making quality adaptations involved in raising a child with intellectual disability. The present study investigated the variations in resilience with respect to locus of control orientations of 57 parents. They were assessed using Connor Davidson Resilience Scale and Internal-External Scale. Results indicated that parental locus of control orientations significantly influenced their resilience. The internal locus of control acted as a protective mechanism of resilience. The findings have specific re...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - February 1, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Abnormal Foot Position and Standing and Walking Ability in Rett Syndrome: an Exploratory Study
This study aimed  to determine whether there is a relationship between abnormal foot position and standing and walking ability in individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT), a rare neurological condition primarily affecting females, often accompanied by impaired gross motor function and musculoskeletal deformities. Throu gh means of an online survey, physiotherapists were asked to share information about their work and experience with individuals with RTT. They were asked about their clients’ scores on the Rett Syndrome Gross Motor Scale and measures of their foot deformity, passive range of motion of dorsiflexion of ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 2, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Abiloco-Kids
AbstractABILOCO-Kids is a scale that assesses the walking ability of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) from the viewpoint of parental perception. The aim of this study was to translate the ABILOCO-Kids scale into Turkish and to establish its reliability and validity in children with CP. Turkish children were recruited in this study. ABILOCO-Kids is a scale developed by Caty and et al. This scale assess the walking ability of children with CP focusing on the activity domain of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). The ABILOCO-Kids scale was translated from English into Turkish using t...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - January 2, 2018 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Fostering Locomotion Fluency of Five Adolescents with Rett Syndrome through a Microswitch-Based Program: Contingency Awareness and Social Rating
AbstractWe further extended the use of a microswitch-based program for assessing contingency awareness and promoting locomotion fluency of five adolescents with Rett syndrome. A second goal was to evaluate the effectiveness and the suitability of the rehabilitative intervention on participants ’ indices of happiness as outcome measure of their quality of life and on the reduction of their stereotypic behaviors. Finally, a social validation procedure involving 40 parents of children with severe developmental disabilities and 40 caregivers was carried out. The study was conducted accordin g to an ABABCBCB experimental ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 5, 2017 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Teaching Phonics to Preschool Children with Autism Using Frequency-Building and Computer-Assisted Instruction
AbstractThe current study investigated the effects of a computer-assisted frequency-building intervention to increase fluency with letter-sound correspondences. A multiple probe design across stimulus sets was employed with four children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to evaluate the outcomes of intervention. Pre-intervention measures of language ability, repetitive, and on-task behavior were recorded in order to assess how such participant characteristics may impact intervention effects. Increases in the rate of correct letter-sound correspondences were found for all participants. Measures of outcomes associated with...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 4, 2017 Category: Disability Source Type: research

Gross Motor Function and Activities of Daily Living in Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy: a Longitudinal Study
AbstractWe aimed to examine the time evolution of gross motor function and activities of daily living (ADL) performance in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Data on 222 children and adolescents with CP were collected over a 3-year period. Gross motor function and ADL performance were assessed using the gross motor function measure and the functional skill section of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory, respectively. Latent growth curve models of zero-change, linear, 2nd-year, and 3rd-year variation in gross motor function and ADL performance were constructed. The relation between these two ind...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - December 1, 2017 Category: Disability Source Type: research