Malignant eyelid tumors: Are intra-operative rapid frozen section and permanent section diagnoses of surgical margins concordant?
AbstractPurposeTo study the concordance between intra-operative rapid frozen section and permanent section diagnoses of surgical margins following wide surgical excisional biopsy of malignant eyelid tumors.MethodsThis is a retrospective study of 120 cases and 429 frozen section slides.ResultsOf 120 cases, 75 (63%) had sebaceous gland carcinoma, 34 (28%) had basal cell carcinoma, and 11 (9%) had squamous cell carcinoma. All cases with these malignant eyelid tumors underwent wide surgical excisional biopsy under frozen section control of surgical margins. A total of 429 frozen section slides were reviewed for rapid frozen se...
Source: International Ophthalmology - December 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Correlation between age and corneal edema in pediatric patients with Peters anomaly
ConclusionsIn Peters anomaly, the CCT decreases with age, possibly due to a decrease in corneal edema. Histopathologic studies show cases of endothelial expansion in areas of absent or attenuated Descemet membrane. This may contribute to improved endothelial function and decreased edema with age. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - December 8, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Use of commercially available sodium hyaluronate 0.18% eye drops for corneal epithelial healing in diabetic patients
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the effect of topical sodium hyaluronate (SH) 0.18% treatment on corneal epithelial healing after epithelial debridement in pars plana vitrectomy in diabetic patients.MethodThis is prospective and randomized clinical trial. Our study population included 30 eyes undergoing pars plana vitrectomy that required near total corneal debridement intra-operatively for surgical view. We compared the residual wound and wound healing rate in between 3 groups: 10 diabetic eyes (DMV) on topical SH 0.18%; 10 diabetic eyes (DMC) and 10 non-diabetic eyes (NDM) not treated with topical SH 0.18%. The corneal epithe...
Source: International Ophthalmology - December 7, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

An assessment of ocular elasticity using real time ultrasound and ocular response analyzer in active or remission rheumatoid arthritis
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the elasticity of ocular structures in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) without ocular involvement.MethodsThe study included 56 RA patients (study group) and 24 healthy volunteers as the control group. The rheumatoid arthritis patients were divided into two subgroups as those in active phase (Group 1,n = 25) or in remission phase (Group 2,n = 31) according to the disease activity index (DAS 28) score. The elastography values of the ratio of orbital fat-sclera (ROF/S) were measured with real-time US elastography, and corneal mechanical values were measured wit...
Source: International Ophthalmology - December 3, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Comparative proteomic analysis of amnion membrane transplantation and cross-linking treatments in an experimental alkali injury model
ConclusionOur results shed some light onto the molecular mechanisms affected by alkali injury and adjuvant treatments. Further research is needed to propose medically significant target molecules that may be used for novel drug developments for alkali injury. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Postsurgical sympathetic ophthalmia: retrospective analysis of a rare entity
ConclusionPostsurgical SO is a rare entity, but it is a bilateral blinding disease and SO following surgical intervention can have variable presentations. Rapid, effective management of postsurgical sympathetic ophthalmia can give improved visual outcomes. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Comparison of the neuroprotective effects of brimonidine tartrate and melatonin on retinal ganglion cells
AbstractPurposeWe aimed to compare the neuroprotective effects of brimonidine tartrate (BRT) and melatonin (MEL) on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a rat glaucoma model.MethodsThirty-six adult Wistar albino rats were allocated into six groups: control (C), glaucoma (G), BRT, MEL, G  + BRT and G + MEL. After establishing the glaucoma model, intraocular pressure (IOP) of all animals measured at day 4 and day 30 was compared statistically with day 0 and day 4, respectively. Prior to sacrification at day 30 for histological evaluation and TUNEL analysis, retrograde labeling of non-apoptotic RGCs with 3% Fl...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Thermal imaging of corneal transplant rejection
ConclusionsWe feel that ocular thermography is a useful adjunctive diagnostic tool and that it may be useful to monitor routine corneal transplant patients. Further research into the temperature changes of corneal transplant patients is needed and may allow for earlier intervention for graft rejection. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Topographic indices and pachymetry in healthy adolescents obtained with Sirius topographer
AbstractPurposeTo determine the normal values for the Sirius corneal topography, of some topographic indices and corneal pachymetry, in a healthy young adolescent population.MethodsA total of 176 students (mean age 12.95  ± 0.82 years) took part in this study. 352 eyes were imaged through Sirius topographer. Anterior and posterior meridians, mean pupillary power, central corneal thickness, minimum corneal thickness, and anterior and posterior asymmetry indices were analyzed. Correlations between corneal paramete rs and differences between anterior and posterior corneal surfaces were evaluated.ResultsA...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Comparison of semi-automated center-dot and fully automated endothelial cell analyses from specular microscopy images
ConclusionsDespite using three replicate measurements, the precision of the center-dot method with the SP-2000P and SP-6000 software was only ± 10% for ECD data and was even worse for the fully automated method.Clinical trial registrationJapan Clinical Trials Register (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index/htm9) number UMIN 000015236. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography shows an intact choriocapillaris flow in multiple evanescent white dot syndrome
(Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Periorbital actinomycosis masquerading as a cutaneous malignancy
(Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

BKC and CME: Is benzalkonium chloride hindering our efforts to achieve the desired postoperative visual acuity?
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate and compare the change in postoperative central macular thickness in patients receiving benzalkonium chloride (BKC)-preserved and BKC-free medications after uneventful phacoemulsification.SettingV.M.M.C& Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi (a tertiary health care hospital).Study designProspective randomized comparative observational study.Materials and methodsOnce patients were selected, the baseline standard ophthalmic examination was done. Sample size: 140 eyes were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups. (a) Group I: receive BKC-preserved topical medications and (b) Group II: receive BKC...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 28, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Chromosomal microarray analysis of patients with Duane retraction syndrome
ConclusionsThis study emphasized that CNVs in several chromosomal regions are known to be involved in DS. We also underscore the genetic heterogeneity of DS. Our suggestion is that genes located in the most frequently affected regions should be focused on in the following candidate gene studies. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 26, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept monotherapy in retinopathy of prematurity evaluated by periodic fluorescence angiography and optical coherence tomography
ConclusionIntravitreal aflibercept monotherapy has been an effective treatment in type I ROP and APROP with much lower early and late re-treatment rates because of early unresponsiveness and late reactivation, respectively. In most of the eyes, rapid vascular outgrowth beyond zone III together with normal macular maturation was observed more precisely by periodic FA and OCT. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 26, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Choroidal thickness in preeclampsia measured by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography
AbstractPurpose To compare choroidal thickness (CT) measurements in preeclamptic and healthy women in the third trimester of pregnancy using optical coherence tomography.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 148 eyes of 74 women, divided into two groups: 27 healthy pregnant women in the third trimester (control group) and 47 age-matched pregnant women in the third trimester with preeclampsia (PE group). Of the 47 subjects in preeclampsia group, 26 were classified as having mild PE and 21 as having severe PE. Choroidal thickness was measured at ten different locations: at the fovea and every 500  µm from the...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 26, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Low-grade “benign” birdshot retinochoroiditis: prevalence and characteristics
ConclusionsIn our setting, 15% of BRC cases had a benign course, controlled with periocular treatment. It is important to identify such cases in order not to overtreat, exposing patients needlessly to potential side effects of aggressive and prolonged immunosuppressive treatment. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 24, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Assessment of Schlemm ’s canal in acute primary angle closure: an anterior segment optical coherence tomography study
AbstractPurposeTo image and quantitatively evaluate the Schlemm ’s canal (SC) dimensions in the eyes with acute primary angle closure (APAC) with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), and compare it with the SC measurements taken after the control of intraocular pressure (IOP) and in the normal age-matched controls.Materials and methodsSeventeen eyes of 14 patients with the newly diagnosed APAC and 59 age-matched normal subjects underwent AS-OCT to image SC. SC cross-sectional area, SC meridional and coronal diameters were measured in the temporal and nasal regions at 3 and 9 o ’clock position...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

The impact of duration on the recurrence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: optimal cutoff value
ConclusionOur results showed that early reattachment surgery is necessary to lower the risk of retinal redetachment. The threshold at which RRD recurrence significantly increases is 20.5  days. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

The effect of combined phacotrabeculectomy, trabeculectomy and phacoemulsification on the corneal endothelium in the early stage: a preliminary study
ConclusionIn our study, we observed that performing a combined phacotrabeculectomy on patients with glaucoma and cataract association in the same session did not do more harm to the corneal endothelium than other surgical methods. For this reason, this method can be applied safely to a patient population that is likely to develop corneal decompensation. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Dexamethasone implant as an adjuvant therapy to ranibizumab loading dose in persistent diabetic macular edema
This study evaluates the effectiveness of a single-dose dexamethasone implant (DI) as an auxiliary therapy to continued intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) treatment in patients with persistent diabetic macular edema (DME).MethodsTwenty-five pseudophakic eyes of 25 patients with DME who underwent a single injection of DI as an adjuvant therapy following an IVR loading dose were examined retrospectively. All patients were treatment naive and had a poor response to a loading dose of three consecutive monthly IVR injections. IVR treatments were continued pro re nata after the DI. The main outcome measures were changes in best-corr...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Efficacy of fixation of the amniotic membrane on a symblepharon ring with continuous suturing in acute ocular chemical burn patients
ConclusionBy using this modified AMT technique, AM can be utilized efficiently, easily, and non-traumatically in every center for the treatment of the ocular surface injury due to chemical burn. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

A practical and easy surgical technique for recovery of an incarcerated haptic
ConclusionsPosterior haptic incarceration in cataract surgery can be solved by the simple and easy method of cutting the cartridge tip from the bottom upwards and releasing the haptic. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Comparison of two popular nuclear disassembly techniques for cataract surgeons in training: divide and conquer versus stop and chop
ConclusionsBoth divide-and-conquer and stop-and-chop techniques are efficient in the learning curve. Stop and chop dissipates less energy in harder nuclei. Once surgeons reach sufficient experience with both techniques, they should switch to a stop-and-chop technique, allowing lower levels of ultrasound energy. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 21, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Correlation of central and peripheral keratometric parameters after corneal collagen cross-linking in keratoconus patients
ConclusionsOur data suggest that CXL over an 8-mm zone can stabilize the peripheral cornea. Longer-term follow-up studies on the peripheral cornea after CXL will provide useful information. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Automated macular segmentation with spectral domain optical coherence tomography in the fellow eyes of patients with unilateral retinal vein occlusion
AbstractPurposeTo assess the change in the macular layers in the fellow eyes of unilateral retinal vein occlusion (RVO) patients and to evaluate whether certain layers are more affected based on RVO type.MethodsThis retrospective study included 87 fellow eyes of patients with unilateral RVO (26 central, 61 branch) and 105 eyes of 105 subjects without RVO. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography was used for automatized retinal segmentation. The thicknesses of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cells, inner plexiform, inner nuclear, outer plexiform, outer nuclear, photoreceptor layers, overall inner retinal lay...
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Anti-VEGF treatment switch in neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a comparison of aflibercept versus ranibizumab after a single-dose switch
ConclusionThe effect achieved from a single dose in patients switched to aflibercept or ranibizumab reduced significantly CMT measurements. Comparing aflibercept and ranibizumab, the effect appears to be similar in both drugs, in terms of reduction of CMT. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - November 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

The diagnostic value of optical coherence tomography angiography in diabetic retinopathy: a systematic review
ConclusionHowever, limitations exist with current OCTA technology, in respect to the small field of view, image quality, projection artefact, and inaccuracies in analysis of the deeper vascular layers. While questions remain regarding its practical applicability in its present form, with continuing development and improvement of the technology, the diagnostic value of OCTA in diabetic retinopathy is likely to become evident. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Anterior chamber indices in a population-based study using the Pentacam
ConclusionThis study is one of the few studies in the world showing changes in ACD values in different age groups using the Pentacam. According to the results, aging was associated with a decline in the mean ACD, ACA, and ACV values. These parameters were the largest in patients with emmetropia and smallest in hyperopic subjects. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 31, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Outcomes of toric supplementary intraocular lenses for residual astigmatic refractive error in pseudophakic eyes
ConclusionSulcoflex Toric supplementary IOLs result in good visual and refractive outcomes in eyes with no prior corneal graft. However, outcomes are sub-optimal in eyes with prior corneal transplantation, and the majority of lenses require repositioning. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 29, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Investigation of scleral thermal injuries caused by ultrasonic pars plana phacoemulsification and aspiration using pig eyes
ConclusionOur findings showed that in PPPEA, the temperature of the tip of a 20G vitrectomy system rapidly increases due to the closed-tip technique, thus producing obvious thermal damage to the scleral wound. In order to prevent thermal injuries to the scleral wound during PPPEA, it is important to shorten the time of ultrasonic oscillation during surgery as much as possible while the tip is occluded with nuclear fragments. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

To remove or not to remove (the AC-IOL)? This is the question
(Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Response to the letter to the editor by Tsatsos et al. “To remove or not to remove (the AC-IOL)? This is the question. Letter regarding article Endothelial keratoplasty in eyes with a retained angle-supported intraocular lens by Droutsas et al.”
(Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Choroidal volume changes following blow-out fracture repair
AbstractPurposeTo investigate the serial choroidal volume change following orbital blow-out fracture (BOF) repair.MethodsThe choroidal volume was measured by optical coherence tomography in patients who underwent BOF repair, preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 4, 12 and 24  weeks. The orbital volume ratio (OVR) was obtained by dividing the orbital volume of the traumatized orbit by that of the contralateral side using three-dimensional computed tomography imaging. The choroidal volume change was compared between both eyes using a linear mixed model.ResultsWe analyzed the choroidal volume of 11 patients. Choroidal...
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 19, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Involutional lower eyelid entropion: causative factors and therapeutic management
ConclusionsVarious causative factors and treatment procedures have been advocated to explain and correct involutional lower eyelid entropion. The appropriate procedure is chosen according to the patient ’s condition, such as the presence of vertical laxity, horizontal laxity, and orbicularis oculi muscle overriding. A combination of these procedures to correct multiple factors further decreases the recurrence rate. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Structural features of eyelid connective tissue in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma
AbstractPurposeTo study the connective tissue (CT) structure of upper eyelid skin of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients.Patients and methodsForty-seven patients aged 47 –91 expecting blepharoplasty formed 3 groups: group 1 [16 subjects without POAG, median age 55 years (interquartile range 54–55.5)], group 2 [12 subjects without POAG, median age 73 (72–76.5)], and group 3 [(19 subjects with POAG, median age 74 (70–80.5)]. Age differences between groups 1 a nd 2 and groups 1 and 3 are significant (p 
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 12, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging of multifocal chorioretinitis secondary to endogenous candida infection
ConclusionWe reported multimodal imaging of an unusual occurrence of multifocal chorioretinitis due to immunosuppression. These findings suggested that the infection resulted from choroidal infiltration via the short posterior ciliary arteries with resultant breakthrough into the retina, rather than via the central retinal artery. By comparing findings on OCTA with data obtained from traditional systems, we are gaining essential information on the pathogenesis of endogenous candida chorioretinitis. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 6, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Integrated Pulmonary Index (IPI) monitorization under sedation in cataract surgery with phacoemulsification technique
ConclusionsIPI monitoring will provide guidance during sedation of patients with comorbid diseases undergoing cataract surgery by phacoemulsification method. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Surgical outcomes of 27-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy day surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy
AbstractPurposeTo compare postoperative outcomes of 27-gauge (G) and 25-G vitrectomy conducted as day surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).MethodsOne hundred eighty-five consecutive PDR patients (185 eyes) who underwent primary vitrectomy (27-G in 64 eyes, 25-G in 121 eyes) were analyzed.ResultsThe 27-G and 25-G groups did not differ significantly in preoperative Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) score, age, or preoperative intraocular pressure. The proportions of simultaneous cataract surgery (27-G vs. 25-G: 59.4% vs. 62.4%) and air-filled eyes (76.6% vs. 85.1%) were not significantly diff...
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Integrated Pulmonary Index (IPI) monitorization under sedation in cataract surgery with phacoemulsification technique
ConclusionsIPI monitoring will provide guidance during sedation of patients with comorbid diseases undergoing cataract surgery by phacoemulsification method. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Surgical outcomes of 27-gauge and 25-gauge vitrectomy day surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy
AbstractPurposeTo compare postoperative outcomes of 27-gauge (G) and 25-G vitrectomy conducted as day surgery for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).MethodsOne hundred eighty-five consecutive PDR patients (185 eyes) who underwent primary vitrectomy (27-G in 64 eyes, 25-G in 121 eyes) were analyzed.ResultsThe 27-G and 25-G groups did not differ significantly in preoperative Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) score, age, or preoperative intraocular pressure. The proportions of simultaneous cataract surgery (27-G vs. 25-G: 59.4% vs. 62.4%) and air-filled eyes (76.6% vs. 85.1%) were not significantly diff...
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 4, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

MP-3 measurement of retinal sensitivity in macular hole area and its predictive value on visual prognosis
AbstractPurposeTo explore a measuring method for retinal sensitivity in macular hole area by Microperimeter-3 (MP-3) and evaluate its predictive value on visual prognosis.MethodsThis was a case series study including 44 eyes of 44 patients with idiopathic macular hole. Retinal sensitivity inside and 0.5 degree outside the macular hole margin was measured, and its mean value was defined as macular hole sensitivity (MHS). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), minimum diameter of macular hole (MD), IS/OS defect diameter, retinal sensitivity in 8 degrees and 2 degrees were also recorded preoperatively and 4  months after o...
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 3, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Assessment of the safety and efficacy of primary retropupillary fixation of iris-claw intraocular lenses in children with large lens subluxations
ConclusionsOur study shows that primary retropupillary iris-claw IOL implantation can be a safe and efficacious option for children with large (>7 clock hours) lens subluxations that is at least comparable to scleral-fixated PCIOLs. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Effect of iris registration on outcomes of FEMTOLASIK for myopia and myopic astigmatism
ConclusionsFEMTOLASIK with and without iris registration provides similar results in myopic and myopic astigmatism patients. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Evaluation of optic disc, retinal nerve fiber and macular ganglion cell layers in pediatric diabetes
ConclusionDiabetic children and adolescents without diabetic retinopathy have more binocular RNFL thickness asymmetry compared to healthy controls. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

OCT angiography demonstrates retinal angiomatous proliferation and chorioretinal anastomosis of type 3 neovascularization
ConclusionOCT angiography enables a quick diagnosis of type 3 neovascularization by demonstrating a supranormal flow within the lesion and delineates the lesion within different retinal layers. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Full-thickness macular hole associated with congenital simple hamartoma of retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE)
ConclusionsCSHRPE may have associated features such as feeding vessels, retinal surface wrinkling, pigmented vitreous cells, retinal exudation and vitreoretinal adhesion. The case presented herein broadens the clinical spectrum of CSHRPE and emphasizes that despite the benign nature of the lesion, which remains stable without growth, visual loss may occur, attributable to foveal traction and development of FTMH. We postulate that protrusion of the tumor into the vitreous cavity results in tissue stretching and development of anteroposterior and tangential forces which may lead to development of macular hole. (Source: Inter...
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation for steroid-induced elevated intraocular pressure in patients with retinitis pigmentosa
ConclusionsAGV implantation can be considered as an alternative and safe option in the management of resistant, elevated IOP secondary to steroid treatment for macular edema in patients with RP. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Patterns of uveitis in children at the apex institute for eye care in India: analysis and review of literature
ConclusionPatterns of pediatric uveitis can vary between regions from even within the same geopolitical region. Anterior uveitis is commonest, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis and toxoplasmosis are the most frequent etiologies. Diagnosis of pediatric ocular tuberculosis is more difficult than in adults and needs better and well-defined criteria. (Source: International Ophthalmology)
Source: International Ophthalmology - October 1, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research