Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 10, Issue 4, August 2020. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - July 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Breakfast skipping and overweight/obesity in first grade primary school children: A nationwide register ‐based study in Iceland
SummaryAlthough several studies have revealed an association between skipping breakfast and overweight (OW) or obesity (OB) in older children and adolescents, less is known about that association in younger children. The purpose of our study was to assess the association between skipping breakfast and OW/OB in children in the first grade. The sample included 4360 children (51.5% boys) aged 5.6 to 7.4  years who participated in the annual health examination in Iceland during 2016 and 2017, completed by 91% of all first graders in Iceland. Binary logistic regression analysis with odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence i...
Source: Clinical Obesity - July 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Anita Aanesen, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Linda Ernstsen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The impact of lower body compression garment on left ventricular rotational mechanics in patients with lipedema —Insights from the three‐dimensional speckle tracking echocardiographic MAGYAR‐Path Study
SummaryLipedema is a lymphedema ‐masquerading symmetrical, bilateral and disproportional obesity. Its conservative maintenance treatment comprises the use of flat‐knitted compression pantyhoses. Lipedema is known to be associated with left ventricular morphological and functional alterations. The present study aimed to assess the effects of graduated compression stockings on left ventricular (LV) rotational mechanics measured by three‐dimensional speckle‐tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) in lipedema patients. The present study comprised twenty lipedema patients (mean age: 45.8 ± 11.0 yea...
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 23, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Attila Nemes, Árpád Kormányos, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Lajos Kemény, Győző Szolnoky Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Depressive and anxiety symptoms and suicidality in adolescent and young adult females with moderate to severe obesity before and after weight loss surgery
We examined depressive and anxiety symptoms in 94 females 13‐21 years old: 39 in the NW group (body mass index [BMI]: 5th‐85th percentiles) and 55 in the OB group (BMI>40  kg/m2 or>35  kg/m2 with comorbidities). Fifteen participants in the OB group who underwent bariatric surgery (gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy) and 15 getting routine care were re ‐assessed after 6 months. The Beck Depression Inventory‐II (BDI‐II) and State‐Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) assessed depressive and anxiety symptoms, respectively. The OB group had higher BDI‐II and STAI T‐scores (P 
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Charumathi Baskaran, Amita Bose, Franziska Plessow, Landy T. Flores, Alexander T. Toth, Kamryn T. Eddy, Miriam A. Bredella, Madhusmita Misra Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Impaired dexamethasone resorption in two patients with pseudo ‐Cushing after bariatric surgery: Implications for immunosuppressive treatment
SummaryTwo cases of middle ‐aged female patients treated by gastric bypass surgery for weight loss presented to our clinic for a follow‐up examination 3‐6 months after the surgical procedure (a mini gastric bypass and a modified single anastomosis sleeve‐ileostomy). In both patients increased ACTH levels and either hi gh serum cortisol or an increased urinary cortisol excretion was apparent and triggered further endocrine testing. Serum cortisol could not be suppressed adequately by 2 and 4 mg dexamethasone in the standardized oral overnight suppression test while midnight salivary cortisol dropped well below the d...
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Per M. Humpert, Azat Samigullin, Andre Lindner, Julia Weihrauch, Dimitrios Oikonomou, Cornelia Metzner, Knut A. B öttcher, Michael Morcos Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Acceptance of a meal kit programme in an outpatient paediatric weight management clinic: A qualitative pilot study
We described home cooking barriers and evaluated acceptability of meal kits, using semi ‐structured focus groups with caregivers and adolescent patients of an outpatient paediatric weight management clinic. One meal kit per family, containing non‐perishable food, a $20 gift card to a grocery store and recipes designed by clinic dietician for two meals, were given at clinic appointm ents. Two in‐person semi‐structured focus groups were conducted within 2 weeks of meal kit receipt. Four adolescent participants (75% female; 12.7 ± 0.9 years) and eight caregivers (88% female) particip...
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 12, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Megan M. Oberle, Katie A. Loth, Anne Schendel, Claudia K. Fox, Amy C. Gross Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Impact of COVID ‐19 Stay‐at‐Home Orders on Weight‐Related Behaviors Among Patients with Obesity
ConclusionsResults here showed the COVID ‐19 pandemic is having a significant impact on patients with obesity regardless of infection status. These results can inform clinicians and healthcare professionals about effective strategies to minimize COVID‐19 negative outcomes for this vulnerable population now and in post‐COVID‐19 reco very efforts.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jaime P. Almandoz, Luyu Xie, Jeffrey N. Schellinger, M. Sunil Mathew, Chellse Gazda, Ashley Ofori, Sachin Kukreja, Sarah E. Messiah Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Challenges and outcomes for bariatric surgery in patients with paraplegia: Case series and systematic review
DiscussionPatients with obesity and paraplegia may significantly benefit from bariatric surgery. There is a need for multi ‐centre cohort studies to evaluate outcomes and the choice of bariatric intervention. UK guidelines do not include criteria based on mobility or neurological deficit, resulting in a potential missed opportunity to offer a cost‐effective treatment that can significantly improve quality of life fo r patients with severe obesity and paraplegia. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - June 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Georgia R. Layton, Shivam Bhanderi, Mohamed Sahloul, Vasileios Charalampakis, Markos Daskalakis, Rishi Singhal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Attitudes and knowledge regarding referrals for bariatric surgery among Danish secondary healthcare providers: A national survey
SummaryBariatric surgery induces significant and sustained weight loss and subsequently reduces obesity ‐related comorbidities. However, only a small percentage of patients with severe obesity undergo bariatric surgery in Denmark. There is limited knowledge about the experiences with and possible reservations to bariatric surgery among secondary healthcare providers. The aim of this cross‐sectiona l study was to investigate referral patterns and knowledge regarding the criteria for bariatric surgery among Danish secondary healthcare providers, treating obesity‐related diseases. A questionnaire regarding experiences w...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 26, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Anja F. Elliott, Deepti B.C., Charlotte R. Stolberg, Nicola Hepp, Anna J. A. Juhl, Kalyan Adhikari, Claus B. Juhl Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic variations in weight management among patients with overweight and obesity status who are served by health centres
This study sought to examine racial/ethnic variations in receipt of provider recommendations on weight loss, patient adherence, perception of weight, attempts at weight loss and actual weight loss among patients with overweight/obesity status at Health Resources and Services Administration ‐funded health centres (HC). We used a 2014 nationally representative survey of adult HC patients with overweight/obesity status (PwOW/OB) last year and reported the HC was their usual source of care (n = 3517). We used logistic regression models to assess the interaction of race/ethnicity and hav ing obesity in (1) provider recommenda...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nadereh Pourat, Xiao Chen, Connie Lu, Weihao Zhou, Marlon Daniel, Hank Hoang, Alek Sripipatana Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 10, Issue 3, June 2020. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Is the timing of food intake a potential indicator of low weight loss responders? A secondary analysis of three weight loss studies
The objective of this study was to further characterize low weight loss responders by assessing the pre ‐diet distribution of daily energy and macronutrient intakes. A pooled cohort of men and women (n = 122; aged 39.1 ± 8.2 years; body mass index [BMI] 33.1 ± 3.8 kg/m2) who participated in a 12 to 15  week energy‐restricted intervention (−500 to −700 kcal/d) were included in this study. Participants were categorized into two weight loss groups (ie, low [−1.3 ± 2.3 kg] and high [−6.1 ±...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rapha ëlle Jacob, Angelo Tremblay, Shirin Panahi, Véronique Provencher, Vicky Drapeau Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Comparing the predictive ability of the Edmonton Obesity Staging System with the body mass index for use of health services and pharmacotherapies in Australian adults: A nationally representative cross ‐sectional study
SummaryWe assessed the value of the Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS) compared with the body mass index (BMI) for determining associations with use of health services and pharmacotherapies in a nationally representative sample of participants in the 2011 –2013 Australian Health Survey. A subsample of participants aged 18 years or over, with at least overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) or central obesity (waist measurement of ≥102 cm for men; ≥88 cm for women), and who had provided physical measurements (n = 9730) were selected for analysis. For statistical significance of each predictor, we used l...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Evan Atlantis, Paul Fahey, Kathryn Williams, Suzanne Edwards, Katherine Samaras, Paul Dugdale, Zumin Shi, Arya M. Sharma Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Bariatric surgery in patients with psychiatric comorbidity: Significant weight loss and improvement of physical quality of life
SummaryBackgroundPatients that have psychiatric comorbidity are thought to lose less weight than the general bariatric population and are therefore sometimes denied surgery. However, there is no scientific evidence for this assumption. The aim of this study is to evaluate the weight loss and health ‐related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with psychiatric disorders who undergo bariatric surgery and compare these patients with a general bariatric population.MethodPatients who underwent bariatric surgery in 2015 were included. Patients who received individual counselling and had a current DSM IV axis 1 or 2 diagnosis w...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Karlijn J. Vermeer, Valerie M. Monpellier, Wiepke Cahn, Ignace M. C. Janssen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Low ‐carbohydrate interventions for adolescent obesity: Nutritional adequacy and guidance for clinical practice
This study aimed to design theoretical low‐carbohydrate meal plans for clinical use in the management of ad olescent obesity and assess nutritional adequacy. Meal plans were created for three levels of carbohydrate restriction (≤30, ≤50 and ≤120 g/day) without energy, protein or total fat restriction. Nutrient analysis was conducted using the FoodWorks Australia Ltd software (databases: AUSNUT 2 013, AusBrands 2017, AusFoods 2017, NUTTAB 2010, New Zealand FOODfiles 2016), and compared with Australian Nutrient Reference Values for male and female adolescents aged 14 to 18 years. All low‐car...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hiba Jebeile, Alicia M. Grunseit, Maddison Thomas, Tara Kelly, Sarah P. Garnett, Megan L. Gow Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Diagnostic and treatment challenges of eating disorders after adolescent bariatric surgery: A case report
AbstractIt is increasingly evident that bariatric surgery is an effective treatment option to manage severe obesity and its comorbidities in adolescent patients. This case report follows an adolescent who developed a restrictive eating disorder within months after bariatric surgery. Identifying and treating eating disorders after bariatric surgery can be difficult due to the conflicting goals of weight loss after surgery and weight gain in treatment of a restrictive eating disorder. Moreover, treating older adolescents can be challenging when they refuse treatment or go against medical advice. As more adolescents choose ba...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Dominique Williams, Eileen Chaves, Erin McKnight, Ihuoma Eneli Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Minority and low ‐income patients are less likely to have a scale for self‐weighing in their home: A survey in primary care
SummaryDaily self ‐weighing is a weight management behaviour that requires a scale; however, scale ownership may be cost‐prohibitive for some patients. Our objective was to understand the proportion of primary care patients with a scale at home, and factors associated with home scale access, to potentially inform future interventions that facilitate scale access. Cross sectional survey of 216 adult patients from three primary care clinics: mixed‐income urban/suburban (n = 68); mixed‐income urban (n = 70); low‐income urban (n = 74). The dependent variable was presence of a home scale; bivariate associa tions were ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Carolyn T. Bramante, Grace Lee, Safira S. Amsili, Jennifer A. Linde, Sean M. Phelan, Lawrence J. Appel, Wendy L. Bennett, Jeanne M. Clark, Kimberly A. Gudzune Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A new measurement tool to assess the deliberate overfeeding of others: The Feeder questionnaire
This study aimed to conceptualize being “a Feeder” in terms of motivations and behaviour and to operationalize this construct with a new measurement tool through five stages with three discrete samples. Using the definitio n of a Feeder as “someone who offers others food even when they are not hungry” a preliminary qualitative study (n = 5) clarified the behaviour of a Feeder and revealed six motivations for such feeder behaviour. These six motivational dimensions and the feeder behaviours were operationalized wit h individual items and the psychometric properties of the scale were assessed using tw...
Source: Clinical Obesity - May 3, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jane Ogden, Bobo Cheung, Sarah ‐Jane F. Stewart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evaluating a potential role for community pharmacists in post ‐bariatric patient nutritional support
SummaryPhysiological changes to the body from bariatric surgery necessitate lifelong vitamin and mineral supplementation to prevent potential nutritional deficiencies. Presently, there is no consensus on appropriate long ‐term follow‐up in community settings for people who have undergone bariatric surgery. Current UK guidelines recommend annual monitoring of nutritional status, but little else. Semi‐structured interviews were carried out with members of a high volume bariatric surgical unit and community pharm acists working in a variety of settings and locations. Data were collected between June and August 2018 and ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - April 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Yitka N. H. Graham, Charlotte Earl ‐Sinha, Lindsay Parkin, Lindes Callejas‐Diaz, Ann Fox, Callum Tierney, Kamal Mahawar, Catherine Hayes Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The role of weight perceptions and their impact on health and well ‐being: A multiple mediation model
SummaryThe present study analyses the role of weight distortion and weight self ‐criticism in explaining the relationship between actual weight and perceived health, well‐being, body satisfaction and emotional eating. Eight hundred and six individuals were selected from a national study on nutrition. They were divided into two groups according to self‐reported dieting. A questionnaire measuring the outcome variables was implemented. Weight distortion and self‐criticism were calculated using actual, estimated and desired BMI. A multiple mediation model was estimated using structural equation modelling. A valid model...
Source: Clinical Obesity - April 30, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: David Dias Neto, Telmo Mourinho Baptista, Catarina Marques, Ana Sousa Ferreira Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

COVID ‐19 and obesity
Clinical Obesity, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - April 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nick Finer, Sarah P. Garnett, Jens M. Bruun Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Weight bias internalization and its association with health behaviour adherence after bariatric surgery
This study tested the hypothesis that internalized weight bias (WBI) is negatively associated with health ‐related quality of life, weight loss and health behaviour adherence (eg, physical activity, diet, vitamin adherence) in patients who had weight loss surgery (WLS). It also tested whether self‐efficacy for exercise, barriers to being active and depression were mediators between WBI and moderate‐ to‐vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Participants were recruited from online support forums. They completed an anonymous online survey assessing WBI, physical activity, health behaviour adherence, depression, health‐...
Source: Clinical Obesity - April 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Emily H. Feig, Hermioni L. Amonoo, Henry K. Onyeaka, Perla M. Romero, Sonia Kim, Jeff C. Huffman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Beyond weight loss: Impact of a weight management programme for mid ‐older Australians in private health insurance
This study investigated the impact of the maintenance programme on anthropometric and lifestyle risk behaviour changes after 6 and 12 months, and trends in weight‐loss maintenance after 1 year. Using a pre‐ and post‐test design, data were analysed with generalized linear mixed models for repeated meas ures to determine the effect of the programme on weight loss and lifestyle behaviour outcomes. After initially losing a clinically significant amount of weight (mean 9.1 kg), maintenance‐programme participants maintained clinically significant weight loss (mean 7.6 kg) at 12 months. Rates of dis continua...
Source: Clinical Obesity - March 27, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Bronwyn McGill, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Anne C. Grunseit, Dominic Lees, Leah Shepherd, Luke Lawler, Blythe J. O'Hara Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 10, Issue 2, April 2020. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - March 10, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Clinical care for obesity: A preliminary survey of sixty ‐eight countries
This article provides a preliminary report of a survey of relevant health professionals and other interest groups on the readiness of health systems to provide obesity treatment services. Interviews and questionnaires were completed by 274 respondents from a total of 68 low, middle and high income countries. Respondents in the majority of countries stated that there were professional guidelines for obesity treatment, but that there was a lack of adequate services, especially in lower income countries, and in rural areas of most countries. Lack of treatm ent was attributed to a broad range of issues including: no clear care...
Source: Clinical Obesity - March 4, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rachel Jackson Leach, Jaynaide Powis, Louise A. Baur, Ian D. Caterson, William Dietz, Jennifer Logue, Tim Lobstein Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Association of traditional and novel measures of central obesity with cognitive performance in older multi ‐ethnic Asians with type 2 diabetes
SummaryLiterature evaluating the relationship between central obesity and cognitive deficits in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remains scarce. This cross ‐sectional analysis explored the association of novel and traditional central obesity measures with cognitive performance in older (aged ≥60 years) non‐demented multi‐ethnic Asians with T2DM, including a stratified analysis by body mass index (BMI). Cognitive function was assessed using th e Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. Central obesity measures including visceral fat area (VFA), waist circumference, waist:hip ratio, waist:hei...
Source: Clinical Obesity - February 5, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Mei Chung Moh, Serena Low, Tze Pin Ng, Jiexun Wang, Su Fen Ang, Clara Tan, Keven Ang, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Chee Fang Sum, Pek Yee Kwan, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Patients with morbid obesity should not be routinely screened for Cushing's syndrome: Results of retrospective study of patients attending a specialist weight management service
This study was performed to determine whether CS screening is indicated in a tier 3 weight management centre in the UK. A r etrospective review of all patients referred to the weight management service between 2013 and 2016 inclusive was undertaken. A final cohort of 569 patients was obtained. Clinic letters and laboratory databases were used to obtain demographic information, patient characteristics and biochemical resu lts. A total of 387 patients were screened using the 1 mg overnight dexamethasone suppression test (ODST) and 182 patients were screened with two 24‐hour urinary free cortisol (UFC) collections. A total ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tessa Carlin Glyn, May Wai ‐Jing Ho, Anthony Paul Lambert, Julia Dominique Janine Thomas, Isabelle Francoise Douek, Robert Charles Andrews, Rhodri James King Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Bariatric surgery ‐induced weight loss in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus
SummarySurgical treatment of obesity leads to weight loss and metabolic improvement, but it is unclear if the response differs between patients with and without type 2 diabetes. Retrospective cohort study comparing weight loss and metabolic outcomes between patients with and without type 2 diabetes, matched for body mass index (BMI), gender and age, 12  months after Roux‐en‐Y gastric bypass. Forty‐eight patients with type 2 diabetes (D) and 48 without type 2 diabetes (ND) were evaluated, 87.5% female, mean age 42.2 ± 0.9 years. The mean baseline weight and BMI of the D and ND groups...
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thatiany A. Carvalho, Marcelo F. Ronsoni, Alexandre Hohl, Simone van de Sande ‐Lee Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evaluating a pragmatic estimate of insulin sensitivity in Latino youth with obesity
SummaryThe whole ‐body insulin sensitivity index (WBISI) is a widely used surrogate of insulin sensitivity estimated from glucose and insulin concentrations during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The original WBISI uses five timepoints but reduced sampling models have been proposed. These reduced models hav e not been applied to the paediatric population. The purpose of this study is to compare cross‐sectional agreement and changes in response to lifestyle intervention between the original WBISI and the WBISI120 using fasting and 2 ‐hour glucose and insulin concentrations from OGTT among Latino adolescents wit...
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Armando Pe ña, Micah L. Olson, Erica G. Soltero, Chong Lee, Meynard J. Toledo, Stephanie L. Ayers, Gabriel Q. Shaibi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Family members' experiences with adult participation in weight management programs: Triadic perspectives from patients, partners and children
ConclusionsFuture research and clinical applications from these themes should seek to determine the positive behaviour change that was evident in the families that were interviewed, where the culmination of family interactions, expectations and concurrent partner weight loss indicates the potential longevity of weight management programs beyond patients' own participation. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Charlotte A. Albright, Keeley J. Pratt, Sarah B. Martin, Hannah Hulshult, Callie L. Brown, Kristina H. Lewis, Joseph A. Skelton Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Biopsychosocial correlates of physical activity and sedentary time in adults with severe obesity
SummaryAdults with severe obesity have poorer health, are less active and spend more time sedentary compared to people with a lower body mass index (BMI). There is a pressing need to understand the factors associated with low physical activity (PA) and excessive sedentary time to develop more effective behaviour change interventions for this population. The purpose of this study was to identify biopsychosocial correlates of PA and sedentary time in adults living with severe obesity. Forty ‐four adults living with severe obesity (age = 50.5 ± 13.3 years; BMI = 44.3 ± 7.8 kg/m2) co...
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 21, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Aur élie Baillot, Melissa Black, Jennifer Brunet, Ahmed J. Romain Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 10, Issue 1, February 2020. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Preoperative predictors of early relapse/no ‐remission of type‐2 diabetes after metabolic surgery in Chinese patients
The objective of this study is to look for preoperative predictors of early T2DM relapse/no remission in patients with obesity and diabetes who underwent Roux ‐en‐Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or loop duodeno‐jejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (LDJB‐SG). This is a retrospective study of 113 patients who underwent RYGB or LDJB‐SG for T2DM. All T2DM patients with BMI 27.5 to 37.5 kg/m2, having uncontrolled diabetes and T2DM patients with BMI  >  37.5 were included in the study. A multivariate analysis with a logistic regression model was used for analysed factors. Nineteen patients (16.8%) had early ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 7, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Hemant K. Nautiyal, Wei Guan, Shibo Lin, Hui Liang Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Comparison of the Moorehead ‐Ardelt quality of life questionnaire and the BODY‐Q in Danish patients undergoing weight loss and body contouring surgery
In conclusion, the MAQOL‐II does not meet today's standards for a rigorously developed PRO measure. The BODY‐Q, on the other hand, gives substantial, accurate and interpretable measurement and should be recommended for use in PRO in BS and BC patients. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - January 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Lotte Poulsen, Nina Simonsen, Anne F. Klassen, Stefan Cano, Michael Rose, Claus B. Juhl, Rene K. Stoving, Alin Andries, Jens A. Sorensen Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Changes in the prevalence of chronic conditions associated with abdominal obesity between 1999 and 2014
SummaryTo examine the trends in chronic conditions after accounting for temporal differences in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). Pooled cycles (1999 ‐2014) of the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analysed (n = 36 959). The models were adjusted for caloric intake, smoking, medications use and physical activity. The prevalence of diabetes increased in women with general or abdominal obesity (BMI*time; WC*time ,P   .05), whereas for a given WC, there was a decrease in the prevalence over time in women (WC*time,P = .05). For dyslipidemia, independent ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - December 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Arshdeep K. Randhawa, Chris I. Ardern, Jennifer L. Kuk Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Clinical encounters about obesity: Systematic review of patients' perspectives
SummaryGuidelines recommend clinicians intervene on obesity but it is unclear how people with overweight react. In this systematic review, we searched 20 online databases for qualitative studies interviewing people with overweight or obesity who had consulted a primary care clinician. Framework synthesis was used to analyse 21 studies to produce a new theoretical understanding. Consultations in which patients discussed their weight were more infrequent than patients would have liked, which some perceived was because they were unworthy of medical time; others that it indicated doctors feel being overweight is not a serious ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - December 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Thanusha Ananthakumar, Nicholas R. Jones, Lisa Hinton, Paul Aveyard Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

A meta ‐analysis of bariatric surgery‐related outcomes in accredited versus unaccredited hospitals in the United States
SummaryThe American Society for Bariatric Surgery established a set of standards for bariatric surgery Centers of Excellence accreditation programme in 2003. While several research efforts have shown that post ‐bariatric surgery outcomes were poorer in unaccredited as compared to accredited hospitals, others have questioned the same. This research effort sought to use random effects meta‐analysis to quantitatively summarize the existing research efforts analysing this association, which were published between January 2000 and October 2018. Out of the total 559 articles, 13 that quantitatively analysed the effect of acc...
Source: Clinical Obesity - November 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Navneet K. Baidwan, Vasil Bachiashvili, Tapan Mehta Tags: Review Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 9, Issue 6, December 2019. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - November 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Kidney function in minority children and adolescents with metabolically healthy and unhealthy obesity
SummaryMetabolic syndrome and/or body mass index (BMI) ≥40 kg/m2 are risk factors for kidney function decline in the general population. To compare creatinine (Cr), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) between minority children and adolescents with metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO), a chart review was conducted on subjects aged 4 to 20 years with BMI ≥95th percentile from July 2014 to April 2017. They were stratified into MHO and MUO groups. Cr, eGFR and BUN were studied. Total n = 277: MHO n = 105 vs MUO n = 172. Cr was higher and BUN w...
Source: Clinical Obesity - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Sumeet Arora, Laura Dunkley, Lee M. Waldman, Vivian L. Chin, Vatcharapan Umpaichitra Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Physical activity, sedentary time and cardiometabolic health indicators among Mexican children
We examined the independent associations of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) with cardiometabolic indicators in Mexican children (4 ‐6 years of age). We conducted a cross‐sectional study (n = 400) using the measures of MVPA and ST (7‐day accelerometry) and the following indicators: % body fat, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI)z‐score, glycated haemoglobin, blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, low‐density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, leptin, adiponectin and resting blood pressure. We examined the indepe...
Source: Clinical Obesity - November 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Alejandra J áuregui, Deborah Salvo, Armando García‐Olvera, Umberto Villa, Martha M. Téllez‐Rojo, Lourdes M. Schnaas, Katherine Svensson, Emily Oken, Robert O. Wright, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Alejandra Cantoral Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Changes in health ‐related quality of life with intensive behavioural therapy combined with liraglutide 3.0 mg per day
This study examined the effects of intensive behavioural therapy (IBT) for obesity (IBT ‐alone), IBT plus liraglutide 3.0 mg/day (IBT‐liraglutide), and IBT‐liraglutide combined with 12 weeks of a portion‐controlled diet (Multicomponent) on changes in general health‐related (HR) quality of life (QoL) and weight‐related QoL. Adults with obesity (79.3% female; 54.0% white; 44.7% black; mean age = 47.6 ± 11.8 years and body mass index = 38.4 ± 4.9 kg/m2) were randomized to IBT ‐alone (n = 50), IBT‐liraglutide (n = 50) or Multicomponent (n = 5...
Source: Clinical Obesity - November 5, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Ariana M. Chao, Thomas A. Wadden, Olivia A. Walsh, Kathryn A. Gruber, Naji Alamuddin, Robert I. Berkowitz, Jena S. Tronieri Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

A modified AUGIS Delphi process to establish research priorities in bariatric and metabolic surgery
SummaryDelphi methodology may be utilized to develop consensus opinion among a group of experts. The aim of our study was to use a modified Delphi process to determine the future research priorities among bariatric and metabolic healthcare professionals in the United Kingdom. Members of the Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons and the British Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society were invited to submit individual research questions via an online survey (phase I). Two rounds of prioritization by multidisciplinary expert healthcare professionals (phase II and III) were completed to determine a final list of high ...
Source: Clinical Obesity - October 24, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Michael S. J. Wilson, Stephen Knight, Peter Vaughan ‐Shaw, Alex I. Blakemore, Mary O'Kane, Christopher Boyle, Peter Small, Kamal Mahawar, on behalf of AUGIS and BOMSS Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Behavioural weight loss treatment preferences of college students with overweight and obesity
SummaryThe college environment increases risk of weight gain in young adults with overweight/obesity. Behavioural weight loss interventions are proven effective, however, young adults' adherence to such programs is poor. The purpose of the study was to determine weight loss treatment preferences of 2 ‐ and 4‐year college students for the development of population‐specific interventions. Students with a BMI ≥25, between 18 and 24 years of age, and enrolled in one of four institutions were recruited. A questionnaire was developed to assess students' preferences and was administered via Q ualtrics. BMI was cal...
Source: Clinical Obesity - October 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jessica D. Bihuniak, Tiffany Bryant, Jennifer Kleiman, Megan Rotondo, Jessica Decoteau, Samantha Haisley, David Monserrate, Michael Cunningham, Allison MacKenzie, Steve Dauz, Rosann Ippolito, Nicolle Fernandes, Jessica G. LaRose, Tricia M. Le Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Genetic risk score predicts risk for overweight and obesity in Finnish preadolescents
SummaryCommon genetic variants predispose to obesity with varying contribution by age. We incorporated known genetic variants into genetic risk scores (GRSs) and investigated their associations with overweight/obesity and central obesity in preadolescents. Furthermore, we compared GRSs with lifestyle factors, and tested if they predict the change in body size and shape in a 4 ‐year follow‐up. We utilized 1142 subjects from the Finnish Health in Teens (Fin‐HIT) cohort. Overweight and obesity were defined with age‐ and gender‐specific body mass index (BMI)z‐score (BMIz), while central obesity by the waist‐to‐...
Source: Clinical Obesity - October 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Heli Viljakainen, Emma Dahlstr öm, Rejane Figueiredo, Niina Sandholm, Trine B. Rounge, Elisabete Weiderpass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Variation in outcome reporting in studies on obesity in pregnancy —A systematic review
SummaryAlthough considerable research is being conducted with a view to improve outcomes for pregnant women with obesity and their babies, much of this research is compromised by the quality of outcome reporting. Our aim is to determine how outcomes have been reported and measured in obesity in pregnancy studies, as a first step towards developing a core outcome set to standardize outcome reporting in future trials. We conducted a systematic review of clinical trials and systematic reviews on obesity in pregnancy in accordance with the Preferred Reporting in Systematic Reviews and Meta ‐analyses guidelines. We searched M...
Source: Clinical Obesity - September 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Rachel Dadouch, Mina Faheim, Orsolina Susini, Silvana Sedra, Marian Showell, Rohan D'Souza, on behalf of COSSOPP investigators Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

British Obesity Metabolic Surgery Society endorsed guidelines for psychological support pre ‐ and post‐bariatric surgery
SummaryResearch teams have argued that some bariatric patients require psychological input pre ‐ and post‐surgery and that weight loss surgery should only be undertaken by a multidisciplinary team (MDT) that can provide psychological support. To date, no guidelines exist for the provision of psychological support pre‐ and post‐bariatric surgery. The authors were approached by British Obesity Metabolic Surgery Society (BOMSS) in September 2017 to produce guidelines for the provision of psychological support for patients pre‐ and post‐bariatric surgery. These guidelines were developed using seven stages: (a) revi...
Source: Clinical Obesity - September 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Jane Ogden, Denise Ratcliffe, Vanessa Snowdon ‐Carr Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Corrigendum
Clinical Obesity, EarlyView. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - September 10, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: CORRIGENDUM Source Type: research

Issue Information
Clinical Obesity, Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2019. (Source: Clinical Obesity)
Source: Clinical Obesity - September 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Physical capacity outcomes in patients with severe obesity after 12 months of physician ‐led multidisciplinary team care: A case series from a public hospital clinical obesity service
SummaryImpaired physical capacity is common in people with severe levels of obesity. We aimed to investigate changes in physical capacity outcomes in patients with severe obesity following 12  months of physician‐led multidisciplinary care from a “real world” Australian public hospital setting using a case series study design. We extracted data from medical records for all of the eligible patients referred to our clinical obesity service from 2010 to 2015 (69 of 239). We found si gnificant (P 
Source: Clinical Obesity - September 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Evan Atlantis, Kiri Langford, Milan Piya, Vincent Ho, Kathryn Skelsey, Lachlan Rickards, Suzanne Edwards, Nic Kormas Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effectiveness of individual and group programmes to treat obesity and reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in pre ‐pubertal children
SummaryChildhood obesity results in premature atherosclerosis and requires early intervention. Compare the effectiveness of 6 ‐month lifestyle interventions (with choice of either individual or group therapy) with standard care on body mass index (BMI)z‐score and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks factors in children with obesity. This 6‐month randomized controlled trial with a 6‐month follow‐up included 74 pre‐pubertal children with obesity (7.5‐11.9 years) assigned randomly (2:1) to intervention or control. Families in the interventi on arm choose between an individually delivered treatment (3 hours paediat...
Source: Clinical Obesity - August 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Nathalie J. Farpour ‐Lambert, Xavier E. Martin, Sophie Bucher Della Torre, Lydia von Haller, Louisa J. Ells, François R. Herrmann, Yacine Aggoun Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research