Prediction equations for body composition of children and adolescents aged 8-19 years in Uganda using Deuterium Dilution as the reference technique
This study aimed to derive predictive equations for Total Body Water (TBW), Fat Free Mass (FFM) and Fat Mass (FM) determinations with BIA and anthropometric measurements in a population of children and adolescents aged 8-19 years in Uganda. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - September 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Catherine T. Ndagire, John H. Muyonga, Benard Odur, Dorothy Nakimbugwe Tags: Original article Source Type: research

A HPLC method to monitor the occurrence of lipid peroxidation in intravenous lipid emulsions used in parenteral nutrition using in-line UV and Charged Aerosol Detection
We report a new sensitive method for the monitoring of selected triglycerides present within two IVLEs and the detection and quantification of the peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE ) using HPLC with in-line UV and charged aerosol detection (CAD). (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - September 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Helen M. King, Allan G. Cosslett, Christopher P. Thomas, Rebecca Price-Davies Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Dietary inflammatory index and its association with renal function and progression of chronic kidney disease
While evidence exists for an association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII) and cardiovascular diseases, the relation between DII and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not known. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - September 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Mojgan Mortazavi Najafabadi, Pamela J. Surkan, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Adductor pollicis muscle thickness has a low association with muscle mass and lean mass in kidney transplantation patients
The use of adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) as a predictor of muscle and lean mass is not fully understood and little is known whether the APMT evaluation presents advantages when compared to simpler anthropometric measurements, such as body weight. We aimed to associate APMT, alone and plus body weight, with muscle mass and lean mass in kidney transplantation patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - September 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aline S. dos Reis, Heitor O. Santos, Larissa S. Lim írio, Erick P. de Oliveira Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Association of hyperhydration evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis and mortality in patients with different medical conditions: systematic review and meta-analyses
Fluid retention is a risk factor for mortality in several medical conditions. However, the accurate and fast assessment of hydration status remains a challenge in the clinical practice. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) could be an alternative to assess volume status. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the use of BIA to identify hydration status in patients with different medical conditions and to verify the association of hyperhydration, assessed by BIA, with mortality. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - September 5, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Angela Teod ósio da Silva, Daniela Barbieri Hauschild, Luna Dias de Almeida Oliveira, Patricia de Fragas Hinnig, Yara Maria Franco Moreno, Elisabeth Wazlawik Tags: Review Source Type: research

Validation of the Suter questionnaire after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy in the Greek population
The purpose of this study was to validate the Greek version of Suter questionnaire in order to be used for the evaluation of patients after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG). (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 31, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Georgia Katsogridaki, Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Antonis Galanos, Eleni Sioka, Eleni Zachari, George Tzovaras Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Feeding practices according to the WHO- recommendations for HIV exposed children in northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
Malnutrition is a major problem for HIV exposed children, which is mainly caused by inappropriate feeding practice. Hence, the study aimed to assess adherence to optimal complementary feeding practices recommended by the WHO and associated factors among HIV exposed infants and young children aged 6-18 months in selected Amhara Regional Hospitals, northwest Ethiopia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Frizer Esubalew, Azeb Atenafu, Zegeye Abebe Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Sugar-sweetened beverages intake is associated with blood pressure and sympathetic nervous system activation in children
Research in adults shows high intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increases blood pressure (BP), however evidence in children is scarce and inconclusive. No studies have investigated autonomic nervous system (ANS) activation due to SSBs in children. Our aim was to investigate the associations between SSBs intake, BP and ANS activation in children. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 30, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Esther C. de Boer, Susanne R. de Rooij, Margreet R. Olthof, Tanja G.M. Vrijkotte Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Changes in intra- and extramyocellular lipids in morbidly obese patients after non-surgical weight loss –a pilot study using magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Lipid accumulation in muscles is common in obesity and associated with increased risks for insulin resistance. However, the impact of weight loss and exercise on muscle fat content is not clear due to inconsistent data. We used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to compare the intra- (IMCL) and extramyocellular lipid (EMCL) proportions in the musculus tibialis anterior of extremely obese patients before and after weight loss. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martin Fischer, Nadine Ober änder, Jörn Kaufmann, Viktor Kirsche, Guido Prodehl, Arnd-Oliver Schäfer, Arved Weimann Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of milk-honey mixture on the sleep quality of coronary patients: A  clinical trial study
Admission of patients in coronary care units can lead to sleep disorders due to advanced monitoring and interventions. Inappropriate sleep quality in cardiac patients may be influenced by their health status. So, this study was performed to detect the effect of Milk-honey mixture on sleep status of acute coronary syndrome patients in the coronary care unit. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ali Fakhr-Movahedi, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Hossein Ramezani Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity in patients with severe abdominal pain and bloating: The accuracy of ALCAT 5
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a recently proposed clinical condition causing both intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms, without gastrointestinal lesions, which improve on avoiding gluten intake, in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. The prevalence of this condition is still a matter of debate, in part due to the very recent introduction of an accepted diagnostic test, a double-blind, placebo controlled gluten challenge. However, this is a lengthy and cumbersome procedure, theoretically burdened by a significant reduction of patient compliance. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michele Di Stefano, Eugenia Vittoria Pesatori, Giulia Francesca Manfredi, Mara De Amici, Giacomo Grandi, Alessandro Gabriele, Davide Iozzi, Giuseppe Di Fede Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of Milk-honey mixture on sleep quality of coronary patients: a clinical trial study
Admission of patients in coronary care units can lead to sleep disorders due to advanced monitoring and interventions. Inappropriate sleep quality in cardiac patients may be influenced by their health status. So, this study was performed to detect the effect of Milk-honey mixture on sleep status of acute coronary syndrome patients in the coronary care unit. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ali Fakhr-Movahedi, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Hossein Ramezani Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity in Patients with Severe Abdominal Pain and Bloating:The Accuracy of ALCAT 5
Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity (NCGS) is a recently proposed clinical condition causing both intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms, without gastrointestinal lesions, which improve on avoiding gluten intake, in the absence of celiac disease and wheat allergy. The prevalence of this condition is still a matter of debate, in part due to the very recent introduction of an accepted diagnostic test, a double-blind, placebo controlled gluten challenge. However, this is a lengthy and cumbersome procedure, theoretically burdened by a significant reduction of patient compliance. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Michele Di Stefano, Eugenia Vittoria Pesatori, Giulia Francesca Manfredi, Mara De Amici, Giacomo Grandi, Alessandro Gabriele, Davide Iozzi, Giuseppe di Fede Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Assessment of nutritional status in children with cerebral palsy
(Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ersin Gumus, Hasan Ozen Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Changes in intra- and extramyocellular lipids in morbidly obese patients after nonsurgical weight loss - a pilot study using magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Lipid accumulation in muscles is common in obesity and associated with increased risks for insulin resistance. However, the impact of weight loss and exercise on muscle fat content is not clear due to inconsistent data. We used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to compare the intra- (IMCL) and extramyocellular lipid proportions (EMCL) in the musculus tibialis anterior of extremely obese patients before and after weight loss. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 29, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martin Fischer, Nadine Ober änder, Jörn Kaufmann, Viktor Kirsche, Guido Prodehl, Arnd-Oliver Schäfer, Arved Weimann Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Poor Agreement Between Indirect Calorimetry And Predictive Formula Of Rest Energy Expenditure In Pre-Dialytic And Dialytic Chronic Kidney Disease
This study compared the values of REE measured by IC to values estimated by the Harris& Benedict formula, the most used in clinical practice in Brazil. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mariana Cassani de Oliveira, Marina Nogueira Berbel Bufarah, Daniela Ponce, Andr é Luís Balbi Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Comparison of segmental body composition estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
Segmental body composition may be an important indicator of health and nutritional status in conditions where variations in fat and lean mass are frequently isolated to a particular body segment (e.g. paralysis, sarcopenia). Until recently, segment-specific body composition could only be assessed using invasive and expensive methods such as dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or computed tomography (CT). Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) may be a rapid, inexpensive alternative for assessing segmental composition, but it has not been fully validated for this purpose. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brooks C. Wingo, Valene Garr Barry, Amy C. Ellis, Barbara A. Gower Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Changes in nutritional routines at discharge in Scandinavia during a 10-year period: a follow-up survey
Time to treat malnutrition during hospital admission is limited due to short hospital stays. Therefore, nutritional care often needs to be continued after discharge from hospital. However, health care professionals ’ attitudes and discharge routines may not always support continuity of good nutritional practice. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in nutritional discharge routines and related attitudes in Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, Sweden) over a 10-year period. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 24, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anne Pohju, Anne Marie Beck, Kerstin Belqaid, Henrik H øjgaard Rasmussen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effect of Lactobacillus Rhamnosus on Serum Uremic Toxins (Phenol and P-Cresol) in Hemodialysis Patients: A Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial
Uremic toxins such as p-cresol and phenol are suggested to be associated with higher mortality in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of probiotics on some serum uremic toxin levels in hemodialysis patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Farzad Eidi, Fatemeh Poor -reza Gholi, Alireza Ostadrahimi, Nooshin Dalili, Fariba Samadian, Abolfazl Barzegari Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Higher BMI is associated with reduced mortality but longer hospital stays following ICU discharge in critically ill Asian patients
Asians with similar body mass index (BMI) as the Caucasians are at higher health risk as compared to their counterparts. Although the mean weight of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) is increasing but the relation between BMI with 28-day mortality and length of stay (LOS) following ICU discharge in Asian patients is not well studied. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 23, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Amartya Mukhopadhyay, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Jeyakumar Henry, Venetia Ong, Claudia Shu-Fen Leong, Tai Bee Choo Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Energy Expenditure In Women And Men With Copd
Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lose weight. Successful nutritional intervention is vital, thus assessment of energy requirement is required. The aim of this study was to present an improved possibility to assess energy requirement in patients with COPD. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 20, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nighat Farooqi, Maine Carlsson, Lena H åglin, Thomas Sandström, Frode Slinde Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Weight loss is a critical factor to reduce inflammation
Chronic inflammation is a process sustained by the augmentation of circulating cytokines level and C-reactive protein (CRP). Adipocytes and adipose tissue infiltration with inflammatory cells, are an important source of adipokines production, and their expansion due to overnutrition is responsible for increased in inflammation. The reduction of body fat following both controlled diets or gastric surgery can be favorable in the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vittorio Emanuele Bianchi Tags: Review Source Type: research

Body composition predicts clinical outcome in patients with intestinal failure on long-term home parenteral nutrition
Patients with chronic intestinal failure (CIF) are at risk of altered body composition and impaired muscle function, which may negatively affect clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of body composition and muscle strength in relation to clinical outcome in CIF patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN). (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marianne K øhler, Søren Schou Olesen, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Prevalence and Characteristics of Malnutrition among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Israel
Limited data are available on the characteristics of older adults (age ≥ 65) diagnosed with malnutrition in the community in Israel. This retrospective cohort study describes the prevalence and characteristics of malnutrition among a representative cohort of Israeli community-dwelling older adults. To better understand the characteristics of oral nutritional suppleme nt (ONS) users with malnutrition, we also compared this group to non-ONS users with malnutrition. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sarah Sharman Moser, Ronit Doyev, Billy Cohen, Reuma Kurz, Suela Sulo, Varda Shalev, Gabriel Chodick Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Impact to short-term high intensity intermittent training on different storages of body fat, leptin and soluble leptin receptor levels in physically active non-obese men: A pilot investigation
Studies have postulated High Intensity Intermittent Training (HIIT) as a superior strategy to reduce body fat. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects HIIT and steady-state training (SST) on body composition, leptin, soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) levels, and hunger perception in physically active non-obese men. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Renan Santos Caldeira, Val éria Leme Gonçalves Panissa, Daniela Sayuri Inoue, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos, Paula Alves Monteiro, Bruna de Melo Giglio, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel, Peter Hofmann, Fábio Santos Lira Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Starch containing formulations for diarrhoea therapy
Diarrhoea therapies in general include a number of approaches (depending on local practice and the cause of the diarrhoea) aimed at: (i) removing the cause (e.g. lactose in the diet); (ii) treating the cause of infection if present (e.g. antibiotics); (iii) reducing the effect of the cause (e.g. adsorbent); (iv) depressing gastric motility and secretions (e.g. various drugs); (v) probiotic bacteria with perhaps prebiotic energy sources and most importantly of all (vi) rehydration using rehydration salt solutions (oral rehydration therapy, ORT, using oral rehydration solutions, ORS). (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xin Qi, Richard F. Tester Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effects of individualized nutrition after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation following myeloablative conditioning; a randomized controlled trial
Reduced quality of life (QoL) is prevalent after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In this randomized trial we examined the effect of individualized nutritional support during hospitalization for allo-HSCT. Primary outcome was change in global QoL three months post-HSCT with oral mucositis (OM) and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) as main secondary outcomes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kristin J. Skaarud, Marianne J. Hjermstad, Asta Bye, Marit B. Veier ød, Anne M. Gudmundstuen, Knut E.A. Lundin, Sonia Distante, Lorentz Brinch, Geir E. Tjønnfjord, Per O. Iversen Tags: Randomized Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Adherence to the Mediterranean and MIND diets is associated with better cognition in healthy seniors but not in MCI or AD.
Dietary habits have become the focus of intensive research in cognitive aging and neurodegenerative diseases, showing potential to promote and maximize cognitive function. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Silvia R.B. Calil, Sonia M.D. Brucki, Ricardo Nitrini, M ônica S. Yassuda Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effects of walnuts consumption on vascular endothelial function in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Endothelial dysfunction can promote atherosclerosis pathogenesis. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to determine the effects of walnut consumption on peripheral endothelial function (EF) in adults. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 10, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohsen Mohammadi-Sartang, Nick Bellissimo, Julia O. Totosy de Zepetnek, Hadi Bazyar, Marzieh Mahmoodi, Zohreh Mazloom Tags: Review Source Type: research

No Association Between Dietary Markers and Incident Hypertension In A Population-Based Sample
Many trials have shown that dietary interventions reduce the incidence of hypertension. Whether these findings also apply in the general population is debated. We assessed the association between dietary markers and incidence of hypertension. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 7, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana Sofia Quinteiros Fidalgo, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal Tags: Original article Source Type: research

To what extent does cinnamon administration improve the glycemic and lipid profiles?
Cinnamon is a condiment used in cooking and by some in large quantities as a supplement with purported hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering potential. The current literature review aims to discuss the evidence of cinnamon administration regarding its hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering effects, summarizing clinical recommendations. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Heitor O. Santos, Guilherme A.R. da Silva Tags: Review Source Type: research

Pre-sarcopenia in patients undergoing hemodialysis: prevalence and association with biochemical parameters
Adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT) and albumin concentrations are associated with the loss of lean mass in the elderly. However, it remains to be ascertained whether these indicators are also associated with sarcopenia of chronic renal failure patients undergoing replacement therapy. Therefore, we investigated in adult patients undergoing hemodialysis the possible association between sarcopenia, albumin levels, and APMT. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ana C. Marini, Reika D. Motobu, Ana TV. Freitas, Alessandro Laviano, Gustavo D. Pimentel Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

The impact of home parenteral nutrition on the burden of disease including morbidity, mortality and rate of hospitalisations
This study aims to investigate the effect of HPN on mortality, morbidity and hospital re-admissions. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sorrel Burden, Matthew Hemstock, Michael Taylor, Antje Teubner, Neil Roskell, Alasdair MacCulloch, Arun Abraham, Simon Lal Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Development and validation of two anthropometric models estimating abdominal fat percentage in Greek adult women and men
Abdominal obesity is associated with adverse health implications. However, the assessment of abdominal adiposity is either indirect, like in the case of waist circumference measurement, or difficult in daily clinical practice, like in the case of using reference methods such as computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, etc. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate, using DXA as reference method, two easy and simple to use protocols, that estimate abdominal fat mass percentage (%AFM) in Greek females and males respectively, based on simple anthropometric measurements. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Efstathios Skoufas, Spyridon Kanellakis, Eftychia Apostolidou, Theodora Makridi, Eirini Piggiou, Ionas Papassotiriou, Christianna Georgopoulou, Yannis Manios Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Effects of branched chain amino acid supplementation on patient care outcomes in adults and children with liver cirrhosis: A systematic review.
Malnutrition is highly prevalent in chronic liver disease (CLD) due to alterations in nutrient utilization, malabsorption and poor intake. Low serum concentrations of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) in the presence of elevated aromatic acid concentrations is commonly observed in adult and children with liver cirrhosis and is associated with malnutrition and other adverse patient outcomes. The efficacy of BCAA supplementation has not been well established in adults and children with CLD. The purpose of this review was to critically evaluate the literature regarding the impact of BCAA supplementation related to changes in ...
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - August 1, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: P.H. Ooi, S.M. Gilmour, J. Yap, D.R. Mager Tags: Review Source Type: research

In the absence of specific advice, what do patients eat and avoid? Results from a community based diet study in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with a focus on potassium
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a painful disabling difficult to treat disease. Clinicians and guidelines invariably focus on drugs. Diet is important but lacks robust data. We carried out a comprehensive analytical study in Indian (Asian) patients. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Toktam Kianifard, Arvind Chopra Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Agreement between PG-SGA category and fat-free mass in colorectal cancer patients
Low fat-free mass (FFM) is associated with adverse outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is a widely used tool developed to detect patients with malnutrition or at risk of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to investigate the agreement between PG-SGA category and FFM in patients with non-metastatic CRC. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hanna R æder, Christine Henriksen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne-Rikke O`de Fey Vilbo, Hege Berg Henriksen, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Katrine Rolid, Ingvild Paur, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Drinking water with consumption of a jelly filled doughnut has a time dependent effect on the postprandial blood glucose level in healthy young individuals
An elevated postprandial glucose (PPG) level in plasma or blood is a risk factor for chronic disorders like obesity, diabetes mellitus type II and related cardiovascular conditions. Therefore, it is important to identify mechanisms that increase the value of postprandial glucose PPG levels. Hence in the present study we investigated the time dependent effect of drinking water during a meal on the level of PPG.Thirty-five volunteers were randomly assigned to five groups. Group A was given a jelly filled doughnut and group B, C, D and E had a similar doughnut in combination with a bottle of water along with the doughnut, thi...
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 25, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Robbert Bipat, Jerry R. Toelsie Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Knowledge and Practices of Medical Oncologists Concerning Nutrition Therapy: A Survey Study
Despite the identification of malnutrition and administration of nutrition therapy being increasingly recognised as integral to the treatment of cancer patients, this is not always translated into routine clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine medical oncologists ’ awareness of, and ability to assess, nutritional status and when to initiate nutrition therapy, to identify their educational status concerning clinical nutrition and their perceived barriers to the routine use of nutrition therapy in their patients through a survey study. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feza Kirbiyik, Emre Ozkan Tags: Original article Source Type: research

HIV, TB, inflammation and other correlates of serum phosphate: a cross-sectional study
There is little information about serum phosphate among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and HIV infection. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 17, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: H. Friis, N.S. Range, J. Changalucha, G. PrayGod, K. Jeremiah, D. Faurholt-Jepsen, H.B. Krarup, A.B. Andersen, P. K æstel, S. Filteau Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support in older hospitalised patients: a systematic review and meta-analyses
Malnutrition is common in older hospitalised patients. As the aetiology is multifactorial, nutritional care should involve a multidisciplinary team. However, the knowledge of the effectiveness of this strategy is limited. This systematic review aims at investigating the effectiveness of multidisciplinary nutritional support on mortality, readmissions and quality of life (QoL) in patients aged 65 years and above during hospitalisation and after discharge compared to usual practice.We conducted a series of systematic literature search from 2013 to 2017, with additional studies hand-searched from reference lists of retrieved ...
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nanna M.L. Rasmussen, Kerstin Belqaid, Kerstin Lugnet, Anni Linnet Nielsen, Henrik H øjgaard Rasmussen, Anne Marie Beck Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Relationship between intake of fruit separately from vegetables and triglycerides - A meta-analysis
High intake of fruit and vegetables is recommended for cardiovascular health. However, there have been persistent beliefs that fruits having high concentrations of fructose elevate the level of triglycerides (TG) in blood unlike vegetables. This meta-analysis aims to clarify the relationship between fruit intake and TG or hypertriglyceridemia. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 4, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Satoru Kodama, Chika Horikawa, Kazuya Fujihara, Dai Ishii, Mariko Hatta, Yasunaga Takeda, Masaru Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Matsubayashi, Hitoshi Shimano, Kiminori Kato, Shiro Tanaka, Hirohito Sone Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Probiotics in cystic fibrosis patients: A double blind crossover placebo controlled study
A potential positive effect of probiotics in cystic fibrosis (CF) on fecal calprotectin (FCP), pulmonary exacerbations and weight has been described in small controlled trials. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie Van Biervliet, Bruno Hauser, Stijn Verhulst, Hedwig Stepman, Joris Delanghe, Jean-Pol Warzee, Bruno Pot, Tom Vandewiele, Michael Wilschanski Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Probiotics in cystic-fibrosis patients: a double blind crossover placebo controlled study. Pilot study from the ESPGHAN Working Group on Pancreas/CF
A potential positive effect of probiotics in cystic fibrosis (CF) on fecal calprotectin (FCP), pulmonary exacerbations and weight has been described in small controlled trials. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - July 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie Van Biervliet, Bruno Hauser, Stijn Verhulst, Hedwig Stepman, Joris Delanghe, Jean-Pol Warzee, Bruno Pot, Tom Vandewiele, Michael Wilschanski Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Macronutrient Supplementation on Nutritional Status and HIV/AIDS Progression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Malnutrition is common in Sub-Saharan Africa, weakening the immune function of persons living with HIV infection (PLWH). Being malnourished at the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) leads to higher risk of early mortality and reduced quality of life. Thus, introduction of protein-energy-fortified macronutrient supplements at ART initiation may improve HIV treatment outcomes. This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of macronutrient interventions. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 26, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hyejeong Hong, Chakra Budhathoki, Jason E. Farley Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Current Clinical Trials in paediatrics: report of the ESPEN Special Interest Group in Paediatrics
At the 38th annual ESPEN congress in The Hague, the Netherlands, the Special Interest Group (SIG) in Paediatrics presented data about current research activities in the field of paediatric nutrition which are performed worldwide and translated this to future research perspectives. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 22, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: R.D. Eveleens, K. Gerasimidis, M. Chourdakis, K. Huysentruyt, B. Koletzko, J.M. Hulst, K.F.M. Joosten Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The Impact of Phenylketonuria on PKU Patients ’ Quality of Life: Using of The Phenylketonuria-Quality of Life (PKU-QOL) Questionnaires
Phenylketonuria (PKU) has a very high prevalence throughout the world. Nowadays, number of studies about impact of this metabolic disease on patients increasing. The aim of our study is to examine PKU patients ’ quality of life according to PKU-QOL questionnaires. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ismail Mucahit Alptekin, Nevra Koc, Mehmet Gunduz, Funda Pinar Cakiroglu Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Potato consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: A dose –response meta-analysis of cohort studies
High potato intake has been suggested as a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate the association between potato consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeinab Bidel, Farshad Teymoori, Seyed Javad Davari, Milad Nazarzadeh Tags: Original article Source Type: research

The influence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol on BIA Resistance results and aging on BIA Reactance results in elderly people
This study investigated the relationship of age, physical activity practice, Body Mass Index (BMI), 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum lipoproteins in BIA data of resistance and reactance. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vanessa Amarante Carvalho, Patricia Ferreira do Prado Moreira, Neide Alessandra P érigo Nascimento, Audrey Andrade Bertolini, Levy Aragão, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Potato consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies
High potato intake has been suggested as a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate the association between potato consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes. (Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN)
Source: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN - June 18, 2018 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeinab Bidel, Farshad Teymoori, Seyed Javad Davari, Milad Nazarzadeh Tags: Original article Source Type: research