Evolution of household availability of added sugars and their sources in Brazil: analysis of Household Budget Surveys from 2002 to 2017
In conclusion, Brazilians' total intake of added sugar was decreased, mostly owing to reduced consumption of sugar from soft drinks.PMID:38634261 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114524000813 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 18, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniela Silva Canella Maria Laura da Costa Louzada Nat ália Oliveira Ana Beatriz Coelho de Azevedo Renata Bertazzi Levy Source Type: research

Conditioned overconsumption is dependent on reinforcer type in lean, but not obese, mice
Appetite. 2024 Apr 13:107355. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2024.107355. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAssociative learning can drive many different types of behaviors, including food consumption. Previous studies have shown that cues paired with food delivery while mice are hungry will lead increased consumption in the presence of those cues at later times. We previously showed that overconsumption can be driven in male mice by contextual cues, using chow pellets. Here we extended our findings by examining other parameters that may influence the outcome of context-conditioned overconsumption training. We found that the task worked...
Source: Appetite - April 15, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: Darielle Lewis-Sanders Sebastien Bullich Maria Jose Olvera John Vo Yang-Sun Hwang Elisa Mizrachi Sarah A Stern Source Type: research

Conditioned overconsumption is dependent on reinforcer type in lean, but not obese, mice
Appetite. 2024 Apr 13:107355. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2024.107355. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAssociative learning can drive many different types of behaviors, including food consumption. Previous studies have shown that cues paired with food delivery while mice are hungry will lead increased consumption in the presence of those cues at later times. We previously showed that overconsumption can be driven in male mice by contextual cues, using chow pellets. Here we extended our findings by examining other parameters that may influence the outcome of context-conditioned overconsumption training. We found that the task worked...
Source: Appetite - April 15, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: Darielle Lewis-Sanders Sebastien Bullich Maria Jose Olvera John Vo Yang-Sun Hwang Elisa Mizrachi Sarah A Stern Source Type: research

#junkfluenced: the marketing of unhealthy food and beverages by social media influencers popular with Canadian children on YouTube, Instagram and TikTok
CONCLUSIONS: Social media influencers play a substantial role in promoting unhealthy food products to children, primarily fast food items. Given the significant impact of such marketing on children, there is a need for ongoing government-led monitoring, and it is crucial to include social media and influencer marketing in marketing restrictions targeting children in Canada to safeguard this vulnerable demographic.PMID:38605322 | DOI:10.1186/s12966-024-01589-4 (Source: Health Physics)
Source: Health Physics - April 11, 2024 Category: Physics Authors: Monique Potvin Kent Mariangela Bagnato Ashley Amson Lauren Remedios Meghan Pritchard Soulene Sabir Grace Gillis Elise Pauz é Lana Vanderlee Christine White David Hammond Source Type: research

Cocoa seeds and chocolate products interaction with gut microbiota; mining microbial and functional biomarkers from mechanistic studies, clinical trials and 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing
(Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition)
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - April 6, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: Farag, Mohamed A. Hariri, Mohamad Louai M. Ehab, Aya Homsi, Masun Nabhan Zhao, Chao von Bergen, Martin Source Type: research

Does emotional eating status affect food addiction of paramedics? A cross-sectional study
İrem Nur Akdeniz, Hasan Kaan Kavsara, Pınar Usta, Irem Kaya Cebioglu Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Paramedics are responsible for managing emergencies, caring for patients and performing life-saving procedures under heavy workloads, which can have a significant negative effect on their emotional eating and food addiction (FA) behaviors. Thus, this cross-sectional study aims to shed light on the relationship between emotional eating tendencies and FA in paramedics by considering their food preferences, sex, and body mass index (BMI) factors.The questionnaire consisted of Yale...
Source: Nutrition and Food Science - April 3, 2024 Category: Nutrition Authors: İrem Nur Akdeniz Hasan Kaan Kavsara P ınar Usta Irem Kaya Cebioglu Source Type: research

The Mediterranean diet: a historical perspective
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2024 Mar 23;36(1):78. doi: 10.1007/s40520-023-02686-3.ABSTRACTThe Mediterranean diet, which was born in the Mediterranean basin, was initially quite poor and simple, essentially based on the products that grew almost spontaneously along the shores of the Mediterranean, i.e., olives, grapes, and wheat, which were long cultivated in the Mediterranean region. The invasions of the Roman Empire by barbarian populations, between 400 and 800 AD, made the diet enriched with products from wild uncultivated areas, meat from game and pigs, and vegetables. With the arrival of the Arabs in southern Italy in the nint...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - March 23, 2024 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Antonio Capurso Source Type: research

The effects of a retrieval cue on renewal of conditioned responses in human appetitive conditioning
Behav Res Ther. 2024 Mar 3;176:104501. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2024.104501. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTContextual renewal of reward anticipation may be one potential mechanism underlying relapse in eating and substance use disorders. We therefore tested retrieval cues, a method derived from an inhibitory retrieval-based model of extinction learning to attenuate contextual renewal using an appetitive conditioning paradigm. A pilot study was carried out in Experiment 1 to validate a differential chocolate conditioning paradigm, in which a specific tray was set up as a conditioned stimulus (CS) for eating chocolate (unconditio...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - March 23, 2024 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Frank L örsch Ines Kollei Sabine Steins-Loeber Source Type: research

The Mediterranean diet: a historical perspective
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2024 Mar 23;36(1):78. doi: 10.1007/s40520-023-02686-3.ABSTRACTThe Mediterranean diet, which was born in the Mediterranean basin, was initially quite poor and simple, essentially based on the products that grew almost spontaneously along the shores of the Mediterranean, i.e., olives, grapes, and wheat, which were long cultivated in the Mediterranean region. The invasions of the Roman Empire by barbarian populations, between 400 and 800 AD, made the diet enriched with products from wild uncultivated areas, meat from game and pigs, and vegetables. With the arrival of the Arabs in southern Italy in the nint...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - March 23, 2024 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Antonio Capurso Source Type: research

The Mediterranean diet: a historical perspective
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2024 Mar 23;36(1):78. doi: 10.1007/s40520-023-02686-3.ABSTRACTThe Mediterranean diet, which was born in the Mediterranean basin, was initially quite poor and simple, essentially based on the products that grew almost spontaneously along the shores of the Mediterranean, i.e., olives, grapes, and wheat, which were long cultivated in the Mediterranean region. The invasions of the Roman Empire by barbarian populations, between 400 and 800 AD, made the diet enriched with products from wild uncultivated areas, meat from game and pigs, and vegetables. With the arrival of the Arabs in southern Italy in the nint...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - March 23, 2024 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Antonio Capurso Source Type: research

The Mediterranean diet: a historical perspective
Aging Clin Exp Res. 2024 Mar 23;36(1):78. doi: 10.1007/s40520-023-02686-3.ABSTRACTThe Mediterranean diet, which was born in the Mediterranean basin, was initially quite poor and simple, essentially based on the products that grew almost spontaneously along the shores of the Mediterranean, i.e., olives, grapes, and wheat, which were long cultivated in the Mediterranean region. The invasions of the Roman Empire by barbarian populations, between 400 and 800 AD, made the diet enriched with products from wild uncultivated areas, meat from game and pigs, and vegetables. With the arrival of the Arabs in southern Italy in the nint...
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - March 23, 2024 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Antonio Capurso Source Type: research

Steaming Maintains Fatty Acids, Antioxidants, and Proximate Content in Snack Bar Products from Cocoa Beans
ScientificWorldJournal. 2024 Mar 12;2024:1406858. doi: 10.1155/2024/1406858. eCollection 2024.ABSTRACTChocolate products on the market are generally in the form of chocolate bars as snacks made from cocoa powder. Fat and powder are separated first through a pressing process to obtain the cocoa powder. Cocoa powder loses most of its fat content during processing. Therefore, the study aimed to determine the effect of steaming time on the cocoa bean content of fatty acids, free fatty acids, proximate levels, and antioxidant activity of snack bar products made from steamed cocoa beans. Seven steaming time intervals for cocoa b...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 20, 2024 Category: Science Authors: Kasma Iswari None Atman Leni Marlina None Riska Sri Satya Antarlina Ratna Wylis Arief None Waryat Rosniyati Suwarda Noveria Sjafrina Alvi Yani None Sunarmani Gabriel Herald Joseph Meivie Lintang Payung Layuk Abdullah Bin Arif Source Type: research

Mechanistic insights into the potential role of dietary polyphenols and their nanoformulation in the management of Alzheimer's disease
Biomed Pharmacother. 2024 Mar 19;174:116376. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2024.116376. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlzheimer's disease (AD) is a very common neurodegenerative disorder associated with memory loss and a progressive decline in cognitive activity. The two major pathophysiological factors responsible for AD are amyloid plaques (comprising amyloid-beta aggregates) and neurofibrillary tangles (consisting of hyperphosphorylated tau protein). Polyphenols, a class of naturally occurring compounds, are immensely beneficial for the treatment or management of various disorders and illnesses. Naturally occurring sources of p...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - March 20, 2024 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Hind Muteb Albadrani Payal Chauhan Sumel Ashique M Arockia Babu Danish Iqbal Abdulmajeed G Almutary Mosleh Mohammad Abomughaid Mehnaz Kamal Ana Cl áudia Paiva-Santos Mohammed Alsaweed Munerah Hamed Punya Sachdeva Saikat Dewanjee Saurabh Kumar Jha Shreesh Source Type: research

New light on changes in the number and function of blood platelets stimulated by cocoa and its products
Hyperactivation of blood platelets, one of the causes of heart attack, and other cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is influenced by various dietary components, including phenolic compounds from vegetables, fruits, teas, wines, cocoa and its products, including chocolate. The present paper sheds new light on the effect of cocoa and its products, especially dark chocolate, on the number and function of blood platelets, and the anti-platelet activity of their constituent phenolic compounds. A review was performed of papers identified in various electronic databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Knowledge, an...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - March 12, 2024 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research