The association between restricted intrauterine growth and inadequate postnatal nutrition in very-low-birth-weight infants and their neurodevelopmental outcomes: a 50-month follow-up study
In this study, we evaluate how neurodevelopment may be affected by intrauterine growth (IUGR) restriction and by an inadequate intake of nutritional energy during the early neonatal period. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted to analyse the nutritional contributions received during the first week of life, among a population of 396 VLBW infants. Motor, cognitive, sensory and behavioural development was assessed at 14, 25, 33 and 50 months. The association between IUGR, postnatal energy restriction and neurodevelopment was examined using multivariate logistic regression techniques. Mild cognitive delay was observed in ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 19, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jose Uberos Sara Jimenez-Montilla Irene Machado Casas Carolina Laynez-Rubio Elizabeth Fern ández-Marin Ana Campos-Mart ínez Source Type: research

< em > Bacillus amyloliquefaciens < /em > ameliorates high-carbohydrate diet-induced metabolic phenotypes by restoration of intestinal acetate-producing bacteria in Nile Tilapia
This study revealed that B. amy SS1 could alleviate the metabolic phenotypes caused by HCD by enriching acetate-producing bacteria in fish intestines. Regulating the intestinal microbiota and their metabolites might represent a powerful strategy for fish nutrition modulation and health maintenance in future.PMID:33858522 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001318 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rong Xu Miao Li Tong Wang Yi-Wei Zhao Cheng-Jie Shan Fang Qiao Li-Qiao Chen Wen-Bing Zhang Zhen-Yu Du Mei-Ling Zhang Source Type: research

Iodine status of postpartum women and their infants aged 3, 6 and 12 months - Mother and Infant Nutrition Investigation (MINI)
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 16:1-24. doi: 10.1017/S000711452100129X. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo alleviate the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in New Zealand, two strategies, the mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt (2009) and a government-subsidised iodine supplement for breastfeeding women (2010) were introduced. Few studies have investigated mother and infant iodine status during the first postpartum year, this study aimed to describe iodine status of mothers and infants at three, six, twelve months postpartum (3MPP,6MPP,12MPP). Partitioning of iodine excretion between urine and breastmilk of exclusive brea...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ying Jin Jane Coad Sheila Skeaff Shao J Zhou Louise Brough Source Type: research

Maternal diet high in linoleic acid alters offspring fatty acids and cardiovascular function in a rat model
In conclusion, maternal HLA diets impact lipids, fatty acids and cardiac function in offspring, with postnatal diet modifying fatty acids and cardiac function in the female offspring.PMID:33858529 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001276 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nirajan Shrestha Simone L Sleep Tessa J Helman Olivia J Holland James Sm Cuffe Anthony V Perkins Andrew J McAinch John P Headrick Deanne H Hryciw Source Type: research

< em > Bacillus amyloliquefaciens < /em > ameliorates high-carbohydrate diet-induced metabolic phenotypes by restoration of intestinal acetate-producing bacteria in Nile Tilapia
This study revealed that B. amy SS1 could alleviate the metabolic phenotypes caused by HCD by enriching acetate-producing bacteria in fish intestines. Regulating the intestinal microbiota and their metabolites might represent a powerful strategy for fish nutrition modulation and health maintenance in future.PMID:33858522 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001318 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rong Xu Miao Li Tong Wang Yi-Wei Zhao Cheng-Jie Shan Fang Qiao Li-Qiao Chen Wen-Bing Zhang Zhen-Yu Du Mei-Ling Zhang Source Type: research

Iodine status of postpartum women and their infants aged 3, 6 and 12 months - Mother and Infant Nutrition Investigation (MINI)
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 16:1-24. doi: 10.1017/S000711452100129X. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo alleviate the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in New Zealand, two strategies, the mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt (2009) and a government-subsidised iodine supplement for breastfeeding women (2010) were introduced. Few studies have investigated mother and infant iodine status during the first postpartum year, this study aimed to describe iodine status of mothers and infants at three, six, twelve months postpartum (3MPP,6MPP,12MPP). Partitioning of iodine excretion between urine and breastmilk of exclusive brea...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ying Jin Jane Coad Sheila Skeaff Shao J Zhou Louise Brough Source Type: research

Maternal diet high in linoleic acid alters offspring fatty acids and cardiovascular function in a rat model
In conclusion, maternal HLA diets impact lipids, fatty acids and cardiac function in offspring, with postnatal diet modifying fatty acids and cardiac function in the female offspring.PMID:33858529 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001276 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nirajan Shrestha Simone L Sleep Tessa J Helman Olivia J Holland James Sm Cuffe Anthony V Perkins Andrew J McAinch John P Headrick Deanne H Hryciw Source Type: research

< em > Bacillus amyloliquefaciens < /em > ameliorates high-carbohydrate diet-induced metabolic phenotypes by restoration of intestinal acetate-producing bacteria in Nile Tilapia
This study revealed that B. amy SS1 could alleviate the metabolic phenotypes caused by HCD by enriching acetate-producing bacteria in fish intestines. Regulating the intestinal microbiota and their metabolites might represent a powerful strategy for fish nutrition modulation and health maintenance in future.PMID:33858522 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001318 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rong Xu Miao Li Tong Wang Yi-Wei Zhao Cheng-Jie Shan Fang Qiao Li-Qiao Chen Wen-Bing Zhang Zhen-Yu Du Mei-Ling Zhang Source Type: research

Iodine status of postpartum women and their infants aged 3, 6 and 12 months - Mother and Infant Nutrition Investigation (MINI)
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 16:1-24. doi: 10.1017/S000711452100129X. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo alleviate the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in New Zealand, two strategies, the mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt (2009) and a government-subsidised iodine supplement for breastfeeding women (2010) were introduced. Few studies have investigated mother and infant iodine status during the first postpartum year, this study aimed to describe iodine status of mothers and infants at three, six, twelve months postpartum (3MPP,6MPP,12MPP). Partitioning of iodine excretion between urine and breastmilk of exclusive brea...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ying Jin Jane Coad Sheila Skeaff Shao J Zhou Louise Brough Source Type: research

Maternal diet high in linoleic acid alters offspring fatty acids and cardiovascular function in a rat model
In conclusion, maternal HLA diets impact lipids, fatty acids and cardiac function in offspring, with postnatal diet modifying fatty acids and cardiac function in the female offspring.PMID:33858529 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001276 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 16, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nirajan Shrestha Simone L Sleep Tessa J Helman Olivia J Holland James Sm Cuffe Anthony V Perkins Andrew J McAinch John P Headrick Deanne H Hryciw Source Type: research

Associations between different measurements of sarcopenic obesity and health outcomes among non-frail community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 14:1-34. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001288. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe most important issue for the clinical application of sarcopenic obesity is the lack of a consensus definition. The aim of this study was to determine the best measurement for sarcopenic obesity by estimating the association between various definitions and the risk of falls and metabolic syndrome.We studied a community of 765 adults aged 65 and older in 2015-2017. Sarcopenia obesity was measured by sarcopenia (defined by low muscle mass with either low handgrip strength or low gait speed or both) plus obesity (defined by waist cir...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tao-Chun Peng Wei-Liang Chen Yuan-Yuei Chen Yuan-Ping Chao Li-Wei Wu Tung-Wei Kao Source Type: research

Consumption of indigestible saccharides and administration of < em > Bifidobacterium pseudolongum < /em > reduce mucosal serotonin in murine colonic mucosa
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 14:1-30. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001306. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTShort-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) increase serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) synthesis and content in the colon in vitro and ex vivo, but little is known in vivo. We tested whether dietary indigestible saccharides, utilized as a substrate to produce SCFAs by gut microbiota, would increase colonic 5-HT content in mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a purified diet and water supplemented with 4% (w/v) 1-kestose (KES) for 2 weeks. Colonic 5-HT content and enterochromaffin (EC) cell numbers were lower in mice supplemented with KES than t...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Misa Tatsuoka Yosuke Osaki Fumina Ohsaka Takeshi Tsuruta Yoshihiro Kadota Takumi Tochio Shingo Hino Tatsuya Morita Kei Sonoyama Source Type: research

Associations between different measurements of sarcopenic obesity and health outcomes among non-frail community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 14:1-34. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001288. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe most important issue for the clinical application of sarcopenic obesity is the lack of a consensus definition. The aim of this study was to determine the best measurement for sarcopenic obesity by estimating the association between various definitions and the risk of falls and metabolic syndrome.We studied a community of 765 adults aged 65 and older in 2015-2017. Sarcopenia obesity was measured by sarcopenia (defined by low muscle mass with either low handgrip strength or low gait speed or both) plus obesity (defined by waist cir...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tao-Chun Peng Wei-Liang Chen Yuan-Yuei Chen Yuan-Ping Chao Li-Wei Wu Tung-Wei Kao Source Type: research

Consumption of indigestible saccharides and administration of < em > Bifidobacterium pseudolongum < /em > reduce mucosal serotonin in murine colonic mucosa
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 14:1-30. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001306. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTShort-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) increase serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) synthesis and content in the colon in vitro and ex vivo, but little is known in vivo. We tested whether dietary indigestible saccharides, utilized as a substrate to produce SCFAs by gut microbiota, would increase colonic 5-HT content in mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a purified diet and water supplemented with 4% (w/v) 1-kestose (KES) for 2 weeks. Colonic 5-HT content and enterochromaffin (EC) cell numbers were lower in mice supplemented with KES than t...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 14, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Misa Tatsuoka Yosuke Osaki Fumina Ohsaka Takeshi Tsuruta Yoshihiro Kadota Takumi Tochio Shingo Hino Tatsuya Morita Kei Sonoyama Source Type: research

Salt taste perception and blood pressure levels in population-based samples: the Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS)
Br J Nutr. 2021 May 14;125(9):1080. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000052. Epub 2020 Aug 20.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33834959 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000052 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asako Kudo Akihiro Kitamura Hironori Imano Renzhe Cui Mitsumasa Umesawa Kazumasa Yamagishi Tetsuya Ohira Isao Muraki Mina Hayama-Terada Masahiko Kiyama Hiroyasu Iso for CIRCS Investigators Source Type: research

Salt taste perception and blood pressure levels in population-based samples: the Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS)
Br J Nutr. 2021 May 14;125(9):1080. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000052. Epub 2020 Aug 20.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33834959 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000052 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asako Kudo Akihiro Kitamura Hironori Imano Renzhe Cui Mitsumasa Umesawa Kazumasa Yamagishi Tetsuya Ohira Isao Muraki Mina Hayama-Terada Masahiko Kiyama Hiroyasu Iso for CIRCS Investigators Source Type: research

Salt taste perception and blood pressure levels in population-based samples: the Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS)
Br J Nutr. 2021 May 14;125(9):1080. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000052. Epub 2020 Aug 20.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33834959 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000052 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asako Kudo Akihiro Kitamura Hironori Imano Renzhe Cui Mitsumasa Umesawa Kazumasa Yamagishi Tetsuya Ohira Isao Muraki Mina Hayama-Terada Masahiko Kiyama Hiroyasu Iso for CIRCS Investigators Source Type: research

Salt taste perception and blood pressure levels in population-based samples: the Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS)
Br J Nutr. 2021 May 14;125(9):1080. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000052. Epub 2020 Aug 20.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33834959 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000052 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asako Kudo Akihiro Kitamura Hironori Imano Renzhe Cui Mitsumasa Umesawa Kazumasa Yamagishi Tetsuya Ohira Isao Muraki Mina Hayama-Terada Masahiko Kiyama Hiroyasu Iso for CIRCS Investigators Source Type: research

Towards refining WCRF/AICR cancer prevention recommendations for red and processed meat intake: Insights from Alberta's Tomorrow Project cohort
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1-38. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001240. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCurrent cancer prevention recommendations advise limiting red meat intake to
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ala Al Rajabi Geraldine Lo Siou Alianu K Akawung Kathryn L McDonald Tiffany R Price Grace Shen-Tu Paula J Robson Paul J Veugelers Katerina Maximova Source Type: research

Dietary strawberry improves cognition in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in older adults - ERRATUM
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000842. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33827726 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000842 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M G Miller N Thangthaeng G A Rutledge T M Scott B Shukitt-Hale Source Type: research

Substitution of unprocessed and processed red meat with poultry or fish and total and cause-specific mortality
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1-15. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001252. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRecent studies found positive associations between intake of red meat and processed meat and total mortality, however substitution of red meat with poultry and fish has been poorly investigated. We aimed to investigate associations for substitutions of red meat (unprocessed/processed) and total mortality and deaths due to cancer or cardiovascular disease (CVD). We used data from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, including 57,053 participants aged 50-64y at baseline. Information on diet was collected through a validated 192-it...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tine Bjerg Nielsen Anne Mette Lund W ürtz Anne Tj ønneland Kim Overvad Christina Catherine Dahm Source Type: research

Polymorphisms in the stearoyl-CoA desaturase gene modify blood glucose response to dietary oils varying in monounsaturated fatty acid content in adults with obesity
We examined the impact of dietary oils varying in SFA/MUFA content on changes in blood glucose levels (primary outcome) and whether these changes were modified by variants in the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene (secondary outcome). Obese men and women participating in the randomized, crossover, isocaloric, controlled-feeding Canola Oil Multicenter Intervention Trial II consumed 3 dietary oils for 6 wk, with washout periods of ˜6 wk between each treatment. Diets studied included a high SFA/low MUFA Control oil (36.6% SFA/28.2% MUFA), a conventional canola oil (6.2% SFA/63.1% MUFA), and a high oleic acid canola oil ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: David M Mutch Dana E Lowry Michael Roth Jyoti Sihag Shatha S Hammad Carla G Taylor Peter Zahradka Philip W Connelly Sheila G West Kate Bowen Penny M Kris-Etherton Beno ît Lamarche Patrick Couture Val érie Guay David Ja Jenkins Peter Eck Peter Jh Jones Source Type: research

Towards refining WCRF/AICR cancer prevention recommendations for red and processed meat intake: Insights from Alberta's Tomorrow Project cohort
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1-38. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001240. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCurrent cancer prevention recommendations advise limiting red meat intake to
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ala Al Rajabi Geraldine Lo Siou Alianu K Akawung Kathryn L McDonald Tiffany R Price Grace Shen-Tu Paula J Robson Paul J Veugelers Katerina Maximova Source Type: research

Dietary strawberry improves cognition in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in older adults - ERRATUM
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521000842. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33827726 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521000842 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: M G Miller N Thangthaeng G A Rutledge T M Scott B Shukitt-Hale Source Type: research

Substitution of unprocessed and processed red meat with poultry or fish and total and cause-specific mortality
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 8:1-15. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001252. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRecent studies found positive associations between intake of red meat and processed meat and total mortality, however substitution of red meat with poultry and fish has been poorly investigated. We aimed to investigate associations for substitutions of red meat (unprocessed/processed) and total mortality and deaths due to cancer or cardiovascular disease (CVD). We used data from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, including 57,053 participants aged 50-64y at baseline. Information on diet was collected through a validated 192-it...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tine Bjerg Nielsen Anne Mette Lund W ürtz Anne Tj ønneland Kim Overvad Christina Catherine Dahm Source Type: research

Polymorphisms in the stearoyl-CoA desaturase gene modify blood glucose response to dietary oils varying in monounsaturated fatty acid content in adults with obesity
We examined the impact of dietary oils varying in SFA/MUFA content on changes in blood glucose levels (primary outcome) and whether these changes were modified by variants in the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene (secondary outcome). Obese men and women participating in the randomized, crossover, isocaloric, controlled-feeding Canola Oil Multicenter Intervention Trial II consumed 3 dietary oils for 6 wk, with washout periods of ˜6 wk between each treatment. Diets studied included a high SFA/low MUFA Control oil (36.6% SFA/28.2% MUFA), a conventional canola oil (6.2% SFA/63.1% MUFA), and a high oleic acid canola oil ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: David M Mutch Dana E Lowry Michael Roth Jyoti Sihag Shatha S Hammad Carla G Taylor Peter Zahradka Philip W Connelly Sheila G West Kate Bowen Penny M Kris-Etherton Beno ît Lamarche Patrick Couture Val érie Guay David Ja Jenkins Peter Eck Peter Jh Jones Source Type: research

LONG-TERM CHRONIC CALORIC RESTRICTION ALTERS miRNA PROFILES IN THE BRAIN OF AGEING MICE
In conclusion, these three miRNAs could be potential targets for neurodegenerative and ageing-related diseases and may play important roles in the protective effects of CR in the brain.PMID:33823947 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001239 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Umit Ozorhan Bilge G Tuna Munevver B Cicekdal Aysegul Kuskucu Omer F Bayrak Bayram Yilmaz Pinar B Demirel Margot P Cleary Soner Dogan Source Type: research

A Healthy Nordic diet score and risk of incident coronary heart disease among men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 7:1-23. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001227. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHealthy Nordic diet has been beneficially associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, but few studies have investigated risk of developing CHD. We investigated the associations of healthy Nordic diet with major CHD risk factors, carotid atherosclerosis, and incident CHD in middle-aged and older men from eastern Finland. A total of 1981 men aged 42-60 years and free of CHD at baseline in 1984-1989 were investigated. Diet was assessed with 4-d food recording and the healthy Nordic diet score was calculated based on the Ba...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hanna-Mari Tertsunen Sari Hantunen Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen Jukka T Salonen Jyrki K Virtanen Source Type: research

LONG-TERM CHRONIC CALORIC RESTRICTION ALTERS miRNA PROFILES IN THE BRAIN OF AGEING MICE
In conclusion, these three miRNAs could be potential targets for neurodegenerative and ageing-related diseases and may play important roles in the protective effects of CR in the brain.PMID:33823947 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001239 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Umit Ozorhan Bilge G Tuna Munevver B Cicekdal Aysegul Kuskucu Omer F Bayrak Bayram Yilmaz Pinar B Demirel Margot P Cleary Soner Dogan Source Type: research

A Healthy Nordic diet score and risk of incident coronary heart disease among men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 7:1-23. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001227. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHealthy Nordic diet has been beneficially associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, but few studies have investigated risk of developing CHD. We investigated the associations of healthy Nordic diet with major CHD risk factors, carotid atherosclerosis, and incident CHD in middle-aged and older men from eastern Finland. A total of 1981 men aged 42-60 years and free of CHD at baseline in 1984-1989 were investigated. Diet was assessed with 4-d food recording and the healthy Nordic diet score was calculated based on the Ba...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hanna-Mari Tertsunen Sari Hantunen Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen Jukka T Salonen Jyrki K Virtanen Source Type: research

Adjunctive vitamin A and D for glycemic control in patients with concurrent type 2 diabetes and tuberculosis: a randomized controlled trial
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of vitamin A, D and their interaction on the glycemic control in patients with both diabetes and tuberculosis. Tuberculosis infection and its treatment induce hyperglycemia and complicate the glycemic control in patients with diabetes. A randomized controlled trial with a 2×2 factorial design was conducted in a tuberculosis-specialized hospital in Qingdao, China. A total of 279 patients who have both diabetes and tuberculosis were included in this analysis. The patients received standard anti-tuberculosis treatment alone (control group), or together with a dos...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ke Xiong Jinyu Wang Aiguo Ma Source Type: research

Adjunctive vitamin A and D for glycemic control in patients with concurrent type 2 diabetes and tuberculosis: a randomized controlled trial
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of vitamin A, D and their interaction on the glycemic control in patients with both diabetes and tuberculosis. Tuberculosis infection and its treatment induce hyperglycemia and complicate the glycemic control in patients with diabetes. A randomized controlled trial with a 2×2 factorial design was conducted in a tuberculosis-specialized hospital in Qingdao, China. A total of 279 patients who have both diabetes and tuberculosis were included in this analysis. The patients received standard anti-tuberculosis treatment alone (control group), or together with a dos...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ke Xiong Jinyu Wang Aiguo Ma Source Type: research

Ameliorative effect of enhanced Fischer ratio flaxseed protein hydrolysate in combination with antioxidant micronutrients on ethanol-induced hepatic damage in a rat model
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-44. doi: 10.1017/S000711452100115X. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAlcohol abuse causes severe metabolic abnormalities inducing hepatic damage and malnutrition. Since higher Fischer ratio proteins have therapeutic value in liver disease conditions, an investigation was undertaken to study the ameliorative effect of the enhanced Fischer ratio flaxseed protein hydrolysate (EFR-FPH) alone and in combination with antioxidant micronutrients on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in a rat model. The EFR-FPH was prepared by dual enzymatic hydrolysis and charcoal treatment of flaxseed protein. The ratio of the br...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nida Ume Salma K Govindaraju B S Gnanesh Kumar S P Muthukumar A Jyothi Lakshmi Source Type: research

The prevalence and influencing factors of anemia among pre-pregnant women in mainland China: A large population-based, cross-sectional study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-31. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001148. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAnemia is a global public health problem affecting women worldwide, and reproductive-age women are at increased risk. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study analyzing the prevalence of overall anemia and anemia according to severity in Chinese pre-pregnant women to update current knowledge on anemia epidemiology. Based on the National Free Preconception Check-up Projects supported by the Chinese government, 5,679,782 women participating in this project in 2017 were included in this study. The cyanmethemoglobin method wa...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jun Zhao Xiaoyue Zhu Qiaoyun Dai Xiang Hong Hongguang Zhang Kaiping Huang Yuanyuan Wang Xueying Yang Yue Zhang Zuoqi Peng Ya Zhang Yan Xuan Qiaomei Wang Haiping Shen Yiping Zhang Donghai Yan Bei Wang Xu Ma Source Type: research

Food insecurity (hunger) and fast-food consumption among 180,164 adolescents aged 12-15 years from 68 countries
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-23. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001173. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFood insecurity has been shown to be associated with fast-food consumption. However, to date, studies on this specific topic are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between food insecurity and fast-food consumption in adolescents aged 12-15 years from 68 countries (7 low-income, 27 lower middle-income, 20 upper middle-income, 14 high-income countries). Cross-sectional, school-based data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey were analyzed. Data on past 30-day food insecurity (...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee Smith Yvonne Barnett Guillermo F L ópez-Sánchez Jae Il Shin Louis Jacob Laurie Butler Chao Cao Lin Yang Felipe Schuch Mark Tully Ai Koyanagi Source Type: research

Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids promote antibacterial and inflammation-resolving effects in < em > Mycobacterium tuberculosis < /em > -infected C3HeB/FeJ mice, dependent on fatty acid status
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-35. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001124. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTNon-resolving inflammation is characteristic of tuberculosis (TB). Given their inflammation-resolving properties, omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) may support TB treatment. This research aimed to investigate the effects of n-3 LCPUFA on clinical and inflammatory outcomes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-infected C3HeB/FeJ mice with either normal or low n-3 PUFA status before infection. Using a two-by-two design, uninfected mice were conditioned on either an n-3 PUFA-sufficient (n-3FAS) or -deficient (n3FA...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arista Nienaber Mumin Ozturk Robin C Dolman Renee Blaauw Lizelle Zandberg Simone King Melinda Britz Frank E A Hayford Frank Brombacher Du Toit Loots Cornelius M Smuts Suraj P Parihar Linda Malan Source Type: research

The relationship between famine exposure during early life and ascending aorta dilatation in adults
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-29. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001161. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between exposure to famine in early life and the risk of ascending aorta dilatation (AAD) in adulthood is still unclear, therefore we aimed to examine the association in a Chinese population.METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the data of 2,598 adults that were born between 1,952 and 1,964 in Guangdong, China. All enrolled subjects were categorized into five groups: not exposed to famine, exposed during fetal period, and exposed during early, mid or late childhood. AAD was assessed by cardiac ult...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu-Qing Huang Lin Liu Kenneth Lo Yu-Ling Yu Chao-Lei Chen Jia-Yi Huang Bin Zhang Ying-Qing Feng Source Type: research

Impact of maternal obesity and prebiotic supplementation on select maternal milk miRNA levels and correlation to offspring outcomes
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-22. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001197. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBreastmilk composition varies with maternal factors including diet, and confers health benefits to the neonate; however, the mechanisms mediating this protection remain incompletely understood. Our aim was to investigate the effects of supplementing a maternal high fat/sucrose (HFS) diet with prebiotic oligofructose (OFS) on milk composition in rats and associations with offspring body composition and gut microbiota. Obese Sprague-Dawley dams consumed a control, HFS, HFS+OFS (10% wt/wt) or HFS diet weight-matched to the HFS+OFS group ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dana E Lowry Heather A Paul Raylene A Reimer Source Type: research

Maternal supplementation with < em > Bacillus altitudinis < /em > spores improves porcine offspring growth performance and carcass weight
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding Bacillus altitudinis spores to sows and/or offspring on growth and health indicators. On day (D) 100 of gestation, 24 sows were selected and grouped as: control (CON), fed with a standard diet; and probiotic (PRO), fed the standard diet supplemented with B. altitudinis WIT588 spores from D100 of gestation until weaning. Offspring (n=144) from each of the two sow treatments were assigned to either a CON (no probiotic) or PRO (B. altitudinis-supplemented) treatment for 28 days post-weaning (pw), resulting in four treatment groups: 1) CON/CON, non-probiotic sup...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Daniel Crespo-Piazuelo Gillian E Gardiner Samir Ranjitkar Meike A Bouwhuis Rebecca Ham John P Phelan Alan Marsh Peadar G Lawlor Source Type: research

Fructose malabsorption: Causes, diagnosis and treatment
Br J Nutr. 2021 Apr 5:1-19. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001215. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis review intends to act as an overview of Fructose Malabsorption (FM) and its role in the aetiology of diseases including, but not limited to, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Infantile colic and the relationship between fructose absorption and the propagation of some cancers. IBS results in a variety of symptoms including stomach pains, cramps and bloating. Patients can be categorised into two groups, depending on whether the patients' experiences either constipation (IBS-C) or diarrhoea (IBS-D). Fructose Malabsorption has been ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Miles Benardout Adam Le Gresley Amr ElShaer Stephen P Wren Source Type: research

Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001112. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe transition from childhood to adolescence is a sensitive period, triggering changes in health- and weight-related behaviours including eating habits which likely vary between girls and boys. We aimed to characterise the changes in the frequency of consumption of select sugary foods and drinks ('sweet treats') among 4237 Finnish girls and boys during a two-year follow-up period. Additionally, we examined four subgroups: children whose weight or waist normalised as well as children whose weight or waist circumference increased durin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lommi Sohvi Engberg Elina Tuorila Hely Kolho Kaija-Leena Viljakainen Heli Source Type: research

Consumption of phenolic-rich jabuticaba ( < em > Myrciaria jaboticaba < /em > ) powder ameliorates obesity-related disorders in mice
This study reveals that the consumption of JPSP protects against the dysfunction of the adipose tissue and metabolic disturbances in obese mice. Thus, these findings indicate the therapeutic potential of the phenolic-rich jabuticaba peel and seed powder in preventing obesity-related disorders.PMID:33787474 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001136 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patr ícia Leticia Trindade Elaine Dos Ramos Soares Kim Ohanna Pimenta Inada Fabiane Ferreira Martins Martina Rudnicki Daniel Perrone Mariana Monteiro Vanessa Souza-Mello Julio Beltrame Daleprane Source Type: research

Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001112. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe transition from childhood to adolescence is a sensitive period, triggering changes in health- and weight-related behaviours including eating habits which likely vary between girls and boys. We aimed to characterise the changes in the frequency of consumption of select sugary foods and drinks ('sweet treats') among 4237 Finnish girls and boys during a two-year follow-up period. Additionally, we examined four subgroups: children whose weight or waist normalised as well as children whose weight or waist circumference increased durin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lommi Sohvi Engberg Elina Tuorila Hely Kolho Kaija-Leena Viljakainen Heli Source Type: research

Consumption of phenolic-rich jabuticaba ( < em > Myrciaria jaboticaba < /em > ) powder ameliorates obesity-related disorders in mice
This study reveals that the consumption of JPSP protects against the dysfunction of the adipose tissue and metabolic disturbances in obese mice. Thus, these findings indicate the therapeutic potential of the phenolic-rich jabuticaba peel and seed powder in preventing obesity-related disorders.PMID:33787474 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001136 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patr ícia Leticia Trindade Elaine Dos Ramos Soares Kim Ohanna Pimenta Inada Fabiane Ferreira Martins Martina Rudnicki Daniel Perrone Mariana Monteiro Vanessa Souza-Mello Julio Beltrame Daleprane Source Type: research

Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001112. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe transition from childhood to adolescence is a sensitive period, triggering changes in health- and weight-related behaviours including eating habits which likely vary between girls and boys. We aimed to characterise the changes in the frequency of consumption of select sugary foods and drinks ('sweet treats') among 4237 Finnish girls and boys during a two-year follow-up period. Additionally, we examined four subgroups: children whose weight or waist normalised as well as children whose weight or waist circumference increased durin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lommi Sohvi Engberg Elina Tuorila Hely Kolho Kaija-Leena Viljakainen Heli Source Type: research

Consumption of phenolic-rich jabuticaba ( < em > Myrciaria jaboticaba < /em > ) powder ameliorates obesity-related disorders in mice
This study reveals that the consumption of JPSP protects against the dysfunction of the adipose tissue and metabolic disturbances in obese mice. Thus, these findings indicate the therapeutic potential of the phenolic-rich jabuticaba peel and seed powder in preventing obesity-related disorders.PMID:33787474 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001136 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patr ícia Leticia Trindade Elaine Dos Ramos Soares Kim Ohanna Pimenta Inada Fabiane Ferreira Martins Martina Rudnicki Daniel Perrone Mariana Monteiro Vanessa Souza-Mello Julio Beltrame Daleprane Source Type: research

Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001112. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe transition from childhood to adolescence is a sensitive period, triggering changes in health- and weight-related behaviours including eating habits which likely vary between girls and boys. We aimed to characterise the changes in the frequency of consumption of select sugary foods and drinks ('sweet treats') among 4237 Finnish girls and boys during a two-year follow-up period. Additionally, we examined four subgroups: children whose weight or waist normalised as well as children whose weight or waist circumference increased durin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lommi Sohvi Engberg Elina Tuorila Hely Kolho Kaija-Leena Viljakainen Heli Source Type: research

Consumption of phenolic-rich jabuticaba ( < em > Myrciaria jaboticaba < /em > ) powder ameliorates obesity-related disorders in mice
This study reveals that the consumption of JPSP protects against the dysfunction of the adipose tissue and metabolic disturbances in obese mice. Thus, these findings indicate the therapeutic potential of the phenolic-rich jabuticaba peel and seed powder in preventing obesity-related disorders.PMID:33787474 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001136 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patr ícia Leticia Trindade Elaine Dos Ramos Soares Kim Ohanna Pimenta Inada Fabiane Ferreira Martins Martina Rudnicki Daniel Perrone Mariana Monteiro Vanessa Souza-Mello Julio Beltrame Daleprane Source Type: research

Sex- and weight-specific changes in the frequency of sweet treat consumption during early adolescence: a longitudinal study
Br J Nutr. 2021 Mar 31:1-21. doi: 10.1017/S0007114521001112. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe transition from childhood to adolescence is a sensitive period, triggering changes in health- and weight-related behaviours including eating habits which likely vary between girls and boys. We aimed to characterise the changes in the frequency of consumption of select sugary foods and drinks ('sweet treats') among 4237 Finnish girls and boys during a two-year follow-up period. Additionally, we examined four subgroups: children whose weight or waist normalised as well as children whose weight or waist circumference increased durin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lommi Sohvi Engberg Elina Tuorila Hely Kolho Kaija-Leena Viljakainen Heli Source Type: research

Consumption of phenolic-rich jabuticaba ( < em > Myrciaria jaboticaba < /em > ) powder ameliorates obesity-related disorders in mice
This study reveals that the consumption of JPSP protects against the dysfunction of the adipose tissue and metabolic disturbances in obese mice. Thus, these findings indicate the therapeutic potential of the phenolic-rich jabuticaba peel and seed powder in preventing obesity-related disorders.PMID:33787474 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521001136 (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patr ícia Leticia Trindade Elaine Dos Ramos Soares Kim Ohanna Pimenta Inada Fabiane Ferreira Martins Martina Rudnicki Daniel Perrone Mariana Monteiro Vanessa Souza-Mello Julio Beltrame Daleprane Source Type: research