Programme National Nutrition Sant é - guidelines score 2 (PNNS-GS2): development and validation of a diet quality score reflecting the 2017 French dietary guidelines.
Programme National Nutrition Santé - guidelines score 2 (PNNS-GS2): development and validation of a diet quality score reflecting the 2017 French dietary guidelines. Br J Nutr. 2021 Jan 14;125(1):118-120 Authors: Chaltiel D, Adjibade M, Deschamps V, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E PMID: 33319724 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chaltiel D, Adjibade M, Deschamps V, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Julia C, Kesse-Guyot E Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of zingiber officinale extract supplementation on metabolic and genotoxic parameters in diet-induced obesity in mice.
CONCLUSION: These results in the rat model of DIO may indicate ZO as an adjuvant on obesity treatment. PMID: 33323139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Luciano TF, de Souza CT, Pinho RA, Marques SO, Luiz GP, Tramontin NDS, Silveira PCLD, de Andrade VM, Muller AP Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Some pearl millet-based foods promote satiety or reduce glycaemic response in a crossover trial.
Abstract In a previous trial in Mali, we showed traditional pearl millet couscous and thick porridge delayed gastric emptying (~5 h half-emptying times) in a normal weight population compared to non-traditional carbohydrate-based foods (pasta, potatoes, white rice; ~3 h half-emptying times), and in a gastric simulator we showed millet couscous had slower digestion than wheat couscous. In light of these findings, we tested the hypothesis in a normal weight U.S. population (n=14) that millet foods would reduce glycaemic response (continuous glucose monitor), improve appetitive sensations (Visual Analog Scale ratings...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hayes AMR, Gozzi F, Diatta A, Gorissen T, Swackhamer C, Bellmann S, Hamaker BR Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The Association Between Dairy Intake and Body Composition Among South Asian Adults from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study.
Abstract South Asians, who are at a disproportionately greater risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), represent a rapidly growing population in the United States (U.S.). The relationship between dairy, a major component of South Asian diets, and body composition - an established risk factor for ASCVD, is unclear. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between dairy intake and multiple measures of body composition (body mass index, waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, abdominal lean mass, subcutaneous, visceral, and intermuscular fat areas) among South Asian adults...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Murphy B, Talegawkar SA, O'Connor J, Kandula NR, Kanaya AM, Allison MA, Parekh N Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary iron intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle-aged and older adults in urban China: A Prospective Cohort Study.
This study used data from the Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (GNHS), an on-going community-based prospective cohort study. Participants were recruited from 2008 to 2013 in Guangzhou community. 2,696 participants aged 40-75 years without T2DM at baseline were included in data analyses, with a median of 5.6 (IQR: 4.1-5.9) years of follow-up. T2DM was identified by self-reported diagnosis, fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, or glycosylated hemoglobin ≥6.5%. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate HRs and 95%CIs. We ascertained 205 incident T2DM cases during 13,476 person-years. The adjusted HR for T2DM risk...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li SY, Wang F, Lu XT, Zhong RH, Long JA, Fang AP, Zhu HL Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Interaction of neutrophil counts and folic acid treatment on new-onset proteinuria in hypertensive patients.
Abstract We aimed to examine whether baseline neutrophil counts affected the risk of new-onset proteinuria in hypertensive patients, and, if so, whether folic acid treatment is particularly effective in proteinuria prevention in such a setting. A total of 8,208 eligible participants without proteinuria at baseline were analyzed from the renal sub-study of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). Participants were randomized to receive a double-blind daily treatment of 10mg enalapril and 0.8mg folic acid (n=4,101) or 10mg enalapril alone (n=4,107). The primary outcome was new-onset proteinuria, defined as...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Z, Liu M, Zhang Y, Zhou C, He P, Li H, Li J, Zhang Y, Liang M, Wang B, Xu X, Wang X, Huo Y, Hou FF, Nie J, Xu X, Qin X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Daily Energy Expenditure in Rats Following Structured Exercise Training is affected by Dietary Phosphorus Content.
In conclusion, high dietary P decreases the body's capability to compensate for the energy deficit induced by E, consequently maintaining an elevated TEEx. PMID: 33298199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sawaya SW, Ragi ME, Eid AA, Obeid OA Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Lutein supplementation combined with a low calorie diet in the middle-aged obese individuals: effects on anthropometric indices, body composition, and metabolic parameters.
Abstract Lutein is considered as a major biologically active carotenoid, with potential benefits for obesity and cardiometabolic health. This double-blind, randomized controlled trial aimed to assess whether the consumption of lutein along with a low calorie diet (LCD) can influence anthropometric indices, body composition, and metabolic parameters in obese middle-aged individuals. After a 2-week run-in period with an LCD, 48 participants aged 45-65 y were randomly assigned to consume 20 mg/d lutein or placebo along with LCD for 10 weeks. Dietary intake, anthropometric indices, body composition, lipid profile, glu...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hajizadeh-Sharafabad F, Tarighat-Esfanjani A, Ghoreishi Z, Sarreshtedari M Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Differential associations between a priori diet quality scores and markers of cardiovascular health in women: cross sectional analyses from Twins UK.
Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and, after dementia, is the second biggest cause of death for women. In England it accounts for 1 in 4 of all deaths. Lifestyle modifications represent the primary route to both reduce CVD risk factors and prevent CVD outcomes. Diet constitutes one of the key modifiable risk factors in the aetiology of CVD. We investigated the relationship between nine main dietary indices and a comprehensive range of CVD risk factors in 2,590 women from TwinsUK. After adjustment for multiple testing, we found that the DASH diet was inversely correlated ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mompeo O, Berry SE, Spector TD, Menni C, Mangino M, Gibson R Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal dietary linoleic acid altered intestinal barrier function in domestic pigeons (Columba livia).
In conclusion, maternal dietary LA might alter intestinal barrier function in pigeon squabs in a dose-dependent manner. Supplementation with 1% LA was suggested in parental pigeons. PMID: 33298208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu Q, Wen J, Wang X, Zou X, Dong X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Glucose-lowering activity of dark tea protein extract by modulating spleen-brain axis of diabetic mice.
Abstract The present study was to explore the glucose-lowering effects of the previously characterized dark tea (Camellia sinensis L) protein extract (DTPE) from Heimaojian on spleen-brain axis of diabetic mice. DTPE was orally administrated (50-100 mg/kg) to alloxan-induced mice for 21 days, biochemical assay and transcriptome profiling (RNA-Seq) were performed. The results showed that DTPE can improve glucose tolerance. Compared with model group, at day 21, the fasting blood glucose values were significantly (p
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Su K, Mao X, Zhang X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Data-driven development of the Meal-based Diet History Questionnaire for Japanese adults.
In this study, we developed the Meal-based Diet History Questionnaire (MDHQ), a self-administered questionnaire designed for estimating food and nutrient intakes for each meal type separately. The development was done based on a 16-day dietary record obtained from 242 Japanese adults. The MDHQ consisted of the three different parts, with a total of 196 items. Part 1 of the MDHQ asks about consumption frequency of generic food groups (n 24) for each meal type: breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner, and night snack. Part 2 of the MDHQ asks about relative consumption frequency of sub-food groups within one ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Murakami K, Shinozaki N, McCaffrey TA, Livingstone MBE, Sasaki S Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Manno-oligosaccharide attenuates inflammation and intestinal epithelium injury in weaned pigs upon Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli K88 challenge.
Abstract To explore the effect of mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) on intestinal health in weaned pigs upon Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88 (ETEC) challenge, thirty-two male weaned pigs were randomly assigned into four groups. Pigs fed with a basal diet or basal diet containing MOS (0.6 g/kg) were orally infused with ETEC or culture medium. Results showed that MOS significantly elevated the digestibility of crude protein (CP) and gross energy (GE) in both ETEC-challenged and non-challenged pigs (P
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu E, Chen D, Yu B, Huang Z, Mao X, Zheng P, Luo Y, Heng Y, Yu J, Luo J, Yan H, He J Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of dietary fiber intake in chemotherapy-induced mucositis in murine model.
In conclusion, the results demonstrated the importance of dietary fiber intake in the modulation of gut microbiota composition and homeostasis maintenance during mucositis in this model. PMID: 33298215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gallotti B, Galvao I, Leles G, Quintanilha MF, Souza RO, Miranda VC, Rocha VM, Trindade LM, Jesus L, Mendes V, Andre LC, d'Auriol-Souza MM, Azevedo V, Cardoso VN, Martins FS, Vieira AT Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Associations between untargeted plasma metabolomic signatures and gut microbiota composition in the Milieu Int érieur population of healthy adults.
Associations between untargeted plasma metabolomic signatures and gut microbiota composition in the Milieu Intérieur population of healthy adults. Br J Nutr. 2020 Dec 10;:1-29 Authors: Partula V, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Mondot S, Victor-Bala A, Bouchemal N, Lecuyer L, Bobin-Dubigeon C, Torres MJ, Kesse-Guyot E, Charbit B, Patin E, Assmann KE, Latino-Martel P, Julia C, Galan P, Hercberg S, Quintana-Murci L, Albert ML, Duffy D, Lantz O, Savarin P, Nawfal Triba M, Touvier M, Milieu Intérieur Consortium Abstract Host-microbial co-metabolism products are being increasingly recognized to play imp...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Partula V, Deschasaux-Tanguy M, Mondot S, Victor-Bala A, Bouchemal N, Lecuyer L, Bobin-Dubigeon C, Torres MJ, Kesse-Guyot E, Charbit B, Patin E, Assmann KE, Latino-Martel P, Julia C, Galan P, Hercberg S, Quintana-Murci L, Albert ML, Duffy D, Lantz O, Sava Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Invited Letter to Editor in response to: Milk intake and depressive symptom: a risk assessment.
PMID: 33298228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang T, Li Y, Sun J, Zhang D Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

An empirical study of factors associated with height-for-age z-scores of children aged 6-23 months in northwest Rwanda: the role of care practices related to child feeding and health.
PMID: 33298231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dusingizimana T, Weber JL, Ramilan T, Iversen PO, Brough L Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Milk intake and depressive symptom: a risk assessment.
PMID: 33298233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kawada T Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of a healthy eating intervention in the first months of life on ultra-processed food consumption at the age of 4-7 years: a randomized clinical trial with adolescent mothers and their infants.
EFFECT OF A HEALTHY EATING INTERVENTION IN THE FIRST MONTHS OF LIFE ON ULTRA-PROCESSED FOOD CONSUMPTION AT THE AGE OF 4-7 YEARS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL WITH ADOLESCENT MOTHERS AND THEIR INFANTS. Br J Nutr. 2020 Dec 09;:1-23 Authors: Lazzeri B, Leotti Torman V, Soldateli Paim B, Giugliani ERJ, Monteiro CA, Martinez Steele E, Pedrotti LG, Drehmer M Abstract This randomized clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effect of a pro-breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding intervention performed during infants' first months of life on ultra-processed foods consumption (UPF) at 4-7 years. We enrolled...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lazzeri B, Leotti Torman V, Soldateli Paim B, Giugliani ERJ, Monteiro CA, Martinez Steele E, Pedrotti LG, Drehmer M Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of a moderate dose of fructose in solid foods on triglyceride, glucose and uric acid before and after a one-month moderate sugar feeding period.
Abstract There are few data on the effects on triglyceride, glucose and uric acid of chronic consumption of a moderate dose fructose in solid foods. Twenty-eight participants with prediabetes and/or obesity and overweight commenced the study (BMI 32.3 kg/m2, age 44.7 years, fasting glucose 5.3 (SD 0.89) mmol/L and 2-hour glucose 6.6 (SD 1.8) mmol/L). Twenty-four men and women who completed the study consumed, in random order, two acute test meals of muffins sweetened with either fructose or sucrose. This was followed by 4 weeks chronic consumption of 42g/day of either fructose or sucrose in low fat muffins after w...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Clifton PM, Keogh JB Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Is adherence to the Mediterranean Diet associated with healthy habits and physical fitness? A systematic review and meta-analysis including 565,421 youths.
loquequi J, Izquierdo M Abstract The relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD), physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviour and physical fitness levels has been analysed in several studies; however, there is mixed evidence among youth. Thus, this study aimed to meta-analyse the associations between adherence to the MD and PA, sedentary behaviour, and physical fitness among children and adolescents. Three databases were systematically searched, including cross-sectional and prospective designs with a sample of healthy youth aged 3-18 years. Random-effects inverse-variance model with the Hartung-...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: García-Hermoso A, Ezzatvar Y, López-Gil JF, Ramírez-Vélez R, Olloquequi J, Izquierdo M Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Screening of central obesity among normal-weight children and adolescents in Shandong, China.
Abstract The prevalence of central obesity in total population has been reported in numerous studies. However, information on the prevalence of central obesity within normal category of body mass index (BMI) is scant. In the present study, we examined the profiles of central obesity among normal-weight children and adolescents. A total of 29 516 (14 226 boys and 15 290 girls) normal-weight children and adolescents (excluding underweight, overweight and obesity) aged 7-18 years were included in the final analysis. Central obesity was defined by the international age- and sex-specific cut-offs of waist circumference...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang YX, Chen J, Liu XH Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Integration of various dimensions in food-based dietary guidelines via mathematical approaches Report of a DGE/FENS Workshop in Bonn, Germany, 23-24 September 2019.
x F Abstract In the past, food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) were derived nearly exclusively by using systematic reviews on diet-health-relationships and translating dietary reference values for nutrient intake into foods. This approach neglects many other implications that dietary recommendations have on society, the economy and environment. In view of pressing challenges, such as climate change and the rising burden of diet-related diseases, the simultaneous integration of evidence-based findings from different dimensions into FBDGs is required. Consequently, mathematical methods and data processing are evolv...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schäfer AC, Schmidt A, Bechthold A, Boeing H, Watzl B, Darmon N, Devleesschauwer B, Heckelei T, Pires SM, Nadaud P, van Dooren C, Vieux F Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The utility of household Grocery Purchase Quality Index scores as an individual diet quality metric.
Abstract The validated Grocery Purchase Quality Index (GPQI) reflects concordance between household grocery purchases and US dietary recommendations. However, it is unclear whether GPQI scores calculated from partial purchasing records validly reflect individual-level diet quality. Within the 9-month randomized controlled Smart Cart study examining the effect of targeted coupons on grocery purchase quality (n=209), this secondary analysis examined concordance between the GPQI (range 0-75, scaled to 100) calculated from 3-months of loyalty-card linked partial (≥50%) household grocery purchasing data and individu...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Parker HW, de Araujo C, Thorndike AN, Vadiveloo M Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The association of dietary flavonoids, magnesium and their interaction effect with metabolic syndrome in Chinese adults: a prospective cohort study.
Abstract To systematically analyze the association of the specific flavonoids, magnesium and their interactions from different food sources with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in cohort study. A total of 6417 participants aged from 20 to 74 years from the Harbin Cohort Study on Diet, Nutrition and Chronic Non-communicable Diseases (HDNNCDS) were included. Multivariate logistic regression analyses, forest plot and Cubic splines were performed in the study. After a 5.3-year follow-up, 1283 incident cases of MetS were reported. Those with a higher total flavonoids intake had a lower risk of MetS (fourth...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jin S, Liu J, Jia Y, Han T, Zhao X, Sun C, Na L Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Nano chitosan-zinc complex improves the growth performance and antioxidant capacity of the small intestine in weaned piglets.
Abstract The present study was conducted to test the hypothesis that dietary supplementation with a nano chitosan-zinc complex (CP-Zn, 100 mg/kg zinc) could alleviate weaning stress in piglets challenged with ETEC K88 by improving growth performance and intestinal antioxidant capacity. The in vivo effects of CP-Zn on growth performance variables (including gastrointestinal digestion and absorption functions and the levels of key proteins related to muscle growth) and the antioxidant capacity of the small intestine were evaluated in 72 weaned piglets. The porcine jejunal epithelial cell line IPEC-J2 was used to fur...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang M, Hou G, Hu P, Feng D, Wang J, Zhu W Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Pre-pregnancy dietary pattern is associated with newborn size: results from ProcriAr study.
This study aimed to determine whether maternal pre-pregnancy dietary patterns (DPs) are associated with delivering SGA newborns in the ProcriAr Cohort Study, Sao Paulo-Brazil. Pre-pregnancy DPs of 299 women were investigated using factor analysis with principal component's estimation, based on intake reported on a validated 110-item food frequency questionnaire. Newborns were classified as SGA if their weight and/or length, adjusted by gestational age and sex, were below the 10th percentile of the INTERGROWTH-21st standards. Multivariate Poisson regression modelling with robust error variance was performed to examine assoc...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Teixeira JA, Hoffman DJ, Castro TG, Saldiva SRDM, Francisco RPV, Vieira SE, Marchioni DM Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Microencapsulated pomegranate peel extract induces mitochondrial complex IV activity and prevents mitochondrial cristae alteration in brown adipose tissue in mice fed on a high-fat diet.
This study aims to evaluate the effect of MPPE on BAT mitochondrial structure and function and metabolic alterations related to obesity in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD). PPE was microencapsulated by spray drying using inulin (IN) as a wall material and physically-chemically characterized. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6J mice (n=40) were randomly distributed into five groups: control diet (CD), HFD, HFD+IN, HFD+PPE (50 mg/kg/d TP), and HFD+MPPE (50 mg/kg/d TP), for 14 weeks. A glucose tolerance test and indirect calorimetry were conducted. Blood and adipose tissue samples were obtained. MPPE supplementation prevented HFD-indu...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Echeverria F, Jimenez P, Castro-Sepulveda M, Bustamante A, Garcia P, Poblete-Aro C, Valenzuela R, Garcia-Diaz DF Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of the DASH diet on glycaemic control and consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods in pregnant women with pre-gestational diabetes mellitus: a randomized clinical trial.
PMID: 33256869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fagherazzi S, Farias DR, Belfort GP, Dos Santos K, Lima TSV, Santos MSD, Saunders C Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Trends and influencing factors of plasma folate levels in Chinese women at mid-pregnancy, late pregnancy, and lactation periods.
Abstract Folate status for women during early pregnancy has been investigated, but data for women during mid-pregnancy, late pregnancy, or lactation are sparse or lacking. Between May and July 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 1211 pregnant and lactating women from three representative regions in China. Approximately 135 women were enrolled in each stratum by physiologic periods (mid-pregnancy, late pregnancy, or lactation) and regions (south, central, or north). Plasma folate concentrations were measured by microbiological assay. The adjusted medians (interquartile ranges [IQR]) of folate concentratio...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou YB, Si KY, Li HT, Li XC, Meng Y, Liu JM Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary Quality is Associated with Reduced Risk of Diabetes among adults in Northern China: A Cross-sectional Study.
This study was a surveillance survey of Chronic Disease and Nutrition Monitoring among Chinese Adults in Inner Mongolia in 2015. Dietary data were collected using the 24-h dietary recall and weighing method over 3 consecutive days. Dietary quality was evaluated via the DBI-16. A generalized linear model was used to examine the associations between the DBI-16 and dietary patterns. The relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes was analysed using logistic regression. In Inner Mongolia, the diabetes prevalence was 8.5%, and the estimated standardized prevalence was 6.0%. Four major dietary patterns were identified: 'm...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tan S, Lu H, Song R, Wu J, Xue M, Qian Y, Wang W, Wang X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and their associations with metabolic syndrome and predicted 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease in northwest Chinese adults.
The objectives of this study were to derive DPs using RRR and principal component analysis (PCA), and investigate their associations with MetS and estimated 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We used the baseline dataset from the Xinjiang multi-ethnic cohort study in China, collected from June 2018 to may 2019. A total of 14982 subjects aged 35-74 years from Urumqi, Huo Cheng, and Mo Yu were included in the analysis. The 10-year ASCVD risk was estimated using the Chinse ASCVD risk equations. The associations of DPs with MetS and 10-year ASCVD were determined using multivariable logistic regression mode...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hailili G, Chen Z, Tian T, Fu WH, Pei HL, Mahan Y, Luo T, Alimu D, Wang L, Zhang GZ, Liu LR, Wang DL, Dai JH Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The effects of reducing chronic inflammation in overweight women on serum hepcidin and iron absorption with and without supplemental ascorbic acid.
nn MB Abstract Although hepcidin synthesis is stimulated by inflammation and inhibited by iron deficiency, the strength of their opposing effects on serum hepcidin in humans remain unclear. It was recently shown that an inflammatory stimulus in anemic women did not increase serum hepcidin or decrease iron absorption. The enhancing effect of ascorbic acid on iron absorption may not be effective during inflammation, because of increased serum hepcidin. Our study aim was to test whether reducing inflammation in iron-depleted overweight women with low-grade inflammation would lower serum hepcidin and improve iron abso...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stoffel NU, Cepeda Lopez AC, Cervantes-Gracia K, Llanas-Cornejo D, Delgado González EA, Herter-Aeberli I, Zimmermann MB Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal high fat diet in mice alters immune regulation and lung function in the offspring.
Abstract Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) modulate immune function and have been associated with risk of childhood atopy and asthma. We investigated the effect of maternal fat intake in mice on PUFA status, elongase and desaturase gene expression, inflammatory markers and lung function in the offspring. C57BL/6J mice (n=32) were fed either standard chow (C, 21% kcal fat) or a high fat diet (HFD, 45% kcal fat) for 4 weeks prior to conception and during gestation and lactation. At 21 days of age, offspring were weaned onto either the HFD or C, generating four experimental groups: C/C, C/HF, HF/C and HF/HF. Plasma ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Losol P, Mercken LP, Fisk HL, Calder PC, Holloway JW, Torrens C Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Healthy Eating Index adapted version for children aged 1 to 2 years.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) for children aged 1 to 2 years and to analyse the quality of nutrition of preterm infants. This was a cross-sectional study with 106 premature infants attended in two specialized outpatient clinics of university hospitals. The quality of the diet was analysed through an adapted HEI to meet the dietary recommendations of Brazilian children aged 1 to 2 years. 24-hour recalls measured food consumption. The reliability of the instrument was evaluated by internal consistency analysis and inter-observer reli...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ribas SA, Santos D, Rosa G, Teixeira MT, Rodrigues LG, Marques ES Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

In ovo feeding of vitamin C regulates splenic development through purine nucleotide metabolism and induction of apoptosis in broiler chickens.
Abstract The nutrition condition of earlier life has a long-term influence on health of its later period. In order to the explore effects of in ovo feeding of vitamin C on splenic development, splenic metabolism and apoptosis were detected in embryo, adult chickens and in vitro. A total of 360 fertile eggs were selected and randomly assigned to 2 treatments: the control group (CON) and vitamin C group (VC) were injected with saline and vitamin C on embryonic day 11, respectively. Functional enrichment of differentially expressed genes by transcriptome on embryonic day 19 suggested that purine nucleotide metabolism...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhu L, Wang J, Li Z, Ma H, Zhu Y, Yang X, Yang X Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Characterizing Percent Energy from Ultra-Processed Foods by Participant Demographics, Diet Quality, and Diet Cost Findings from the Seattle Obesity Study SOS III.
Abstract Higher consumption of "ultra-processed"(UP) foods has been linked to adverse health outcomes. The present paper aims to characterize percent energy from UP foods by participant socio-economic status (SES), diet quality measures, self-reported food expenditure, and energy-adjusted diet cost. Participants in the population-based Seattle Obesity Study III (n=755) conducted in WA in 2016-17 completed socio-demographic and food expenditure surveys and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Education and residential property values were measures of SES. Retail prices of FFQ component foods (n=378) we...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gupta S, Rose CM, Buszkiewicz J, Ko LK, Mou J, Cook A, Aggarwal A, Drewnowski A Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

A randomised control trial assessing the effect of a Mediterranean diet on the symptoms of depression in young men (the "AMMEND" study): A study protocol.
A randomised control trial assessing the effect of a Mediterranean diet on the symptoms of depression in young men (the "AMMEND" study): A study protocol. Br J Nutr. 2020 Nov 23;:1-25 Authors: Bayes J, Schloss J, Sibbritt D Abstract Depression affects approximately 350 million people worldwide. Evidence suggests that diet plays an important role with the Mediterranean diet displaying promising preliminary results. Currently, most of the research is conducted on women and older adults however, the majority of mental illnesses occur before the age of 25. Men are less likely to seek help than w...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bayes J, Schloss J, Sibbritt D Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Digital food environment during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil: an analysis of marketing strategies in a food delivery app.
This study aimed to describe the ads published in a food delivery app in Brazilian capitals, during 13th and 14th week of the pandemic. Data collection occurred on one day of the week and one day of the weekend and during lunch and dinner time. A random sample of 25% of the ads (n=1,754) published in this period was classified in accordance to the presence of healthy and unhealthy eating markers and to the use of marketing strategies. Almost 50% of the ads contained at least one unhealthy eating marker and 29.3% at least one healthy eating marker. Ads containing healthy eating markers were more frequent on the weekday (34....
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Horta PM, Souza JPM, Mendes LL Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of pistachios on anthropometric indices, inflammatory markers, endothelial function, and blood pressure in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
This study was intended to pool the data of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) available to determine if pistachios confer a beneficial effect on anthropometric indices, inflammatory markers, endothelial dysfunction, and blood pressure. Without language restriction, PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for articles published from the earliest records to June 2019 investigating the effect of pistachio consumption on inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and hypertension. Mean difference (MD) was pooled using a random-effects model. The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool was used to evaluate the qu...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asbaghi O, Hadi A, Campbell MS, Venkatakrishnan K, Ghaedi E Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Association between awareness of nutrition labeling and Metabolic syndrome: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2016-2018.
This study investigated whether awareness of nutrition information is associated with a decreased likelihood for metabolic syndrome after adjusting for potential confounders among Korean adults aged 20 years and older. Data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2016-2018. Of the 14,490 participants, 4,001 (27.6%) participants had metabolic syndrome. In total, 3,815 (26.3%) participants checked nutritional facts and made labelling-dependent purchasing decisions (aware + consider), 7,001 (48.3%) checked nutritional facts but did not make labelling-dependent purchasing decisi...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cho HH, Lee DW, Hahm MI Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Twenty Year Trends in Vegetable Consumption by Preparation Method and Eating Location for Korean Population from 1998 to 2017.
Abstract Vegetables are an important source for the essential vitamins and minerals that are necessary for optimal health. This research investigated changes in vegetable intake over time in the Korean population from 1998 to 2017, focusing on preparation methods of vegetables and location of consumption. This cross-sectional study is based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) that was established in 1998 to assess the health and nutritional status of the South Korean population. This research utilized information from 1998 to 2017 which is the extent of all available KNHANES dat...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kim SY, Freeland-Graves JH, Kim HJ Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Assessment of Eating Habits and Lifestyle during Coronavirus Pandemic in the MENA region: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Abstract The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has rapidly spread globally, forcing countries to apply lockdowns and strict social distancing measures. The aim of this study was to assess eating habits and lifestyle behaviors among residents of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region during the lockdown. A cross-sectional study among adult residents of the MENA region was conducted using an online questionnaire designed on Google Forms during April 2020. A total of 2970 participants from 18 countries participated in the current study. During the pandemic, over 30% reported weight gain, 6.2% consumed five or mo...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheikh Ismail L, Osaili TM, Mohamad MN, Al Marzouqi A, Jarrar AH, Zampelas A, Habib-Mourad C, Abu Jamous DO, Ali HI, Al Sabbah H, Hasan H, AlMarzooqi LMR, Stojanovska L, Hashim M, Obaid RRS, Elfeky S, Saleh ST, Shawar ZAM, Al Dhaheri AS Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

FNDC5 polymorphism influences the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis in adults with biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
CONCLUSION: Sarcopenia is independently associated with significant liver fibrosis, and the FNDC5 rs3480 G variant influences the association between sarcopenia and liver fibrosis in patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. PMID: 33198849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gao F, Zheng KI, Zhu PW, Li YY, Ma HL, Li G, Tang LJ, Rios RS, Liu WY, Pan XY, Targher G, Byrne CD, Chen YP, Zheng MH Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

A mycoprotein based high-protein vegan diet supports equivalent daily myofibrillar protein synthesis rates compared with an isonitrogenous omnivorous diet in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.
Abstract AbstractAnimal-derived dietary protein ingestion and physical activity stimulate myofibrillar protein synthesis rates in older adults. We determined whether a non-animal-derived diet can support daily myofibrillar protein synthesis rates to the same extent as an omnivorous diet. Nineteen healthy older adults (age 66±1 y; BMI 24±1 kg·m-2; m=12, f=7) participated in a randomised, parallel-group, controlled trial during which they consumed a 3-day isocaloric high-protein (1.8 g·kg body mass-1·d-1) diet, where the protein was provided from predominantly (71%) animal (OMNI; n...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Monteyne AJ, Dunlop MV, Machin DJ, Coelho MO, Pavis GF, Porter C, Murton AJ, Abdelrahman DR, Dirks ML, Stephens FB, Wall BT Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of consuming later evening meal versus earlier evening meal on weight loss during a Weight Loss Diet: a randomized clinical trial.
Abstract Previous evidence confirms a relationship between the timing of food intake and weight loss in humans. We aimed to evaluate the effect of late versus early evening meal consumption on weight loss and cardio-metabolic risk factors in women during a weight loss program. 82 Healthy women [BMI = 27- 35 kg/m2; age= 18-45 y] were randomly assigned into two hypo-caloric weight loss groups: Early Evening Meal Group (at 7:00-7:30 PM), (EEM), or Late Evening Meal Group (at 10:30-11:00 PM), (LEM) for 12 weeks. Baseline variables were not significantly different between the groups. A significant reduction in anthropo...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Madjd A, Taylor MA, Delavari A, Malekzadeh R, Macdonald IA, Farshchi HR Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary muramidase degrades bacterial peptidoglycan to NOD-activating muramyl dipeptides and reduces duodenal inflammation in broiler chickens.
eel F Abstract Muramidases constitute a superfamily of enzymes that hydrolyze peptidoglycan (PGN) from bacterial cell walls. Recently, a fungal muramidase derived from Acremonium (A.) alcalophilum has been shown to increase broiler performance when added as a feed additive. However, the underlying mechanisms of action are not yet identified. Here we investigated the hypothesis that this muramidase can cleave PGN to muramyl dipeptide (MDP), activating nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2) receptors in eukaryotic cells, potentially inducing anti-inflammatory host responses. Using Micr...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang Y, Goossens E, Eeckhaut V, Pérez Calvo E, Lopez-Ulibarri R, Eising I, Klausen M, Debunne N, De Spiegeleer B, Ducatelle R, Van Immerseel F Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional implications of dietary gluten avoidance among Canadians: results from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey.
Abstract Adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only available treatment for gluten-related disorders, although a GFD may also be followed for discretionary reasons. The main objectives of this study were to 1) describe and test for differences in key nutrient intakes among Canadians who follow a GFD compared to Canadians with no dietary exclusions; and 2) describe additional dietary avoidances, such as meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, eggs or dairy, adhered to by Canadians who avoid gluten. We conducted a secondary analysis of the cross-sectional 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey-Nutrition Survey, which ...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mudryj AN, Waugh AK, Slater JJ, Duerksen DR, Bernstein CN, Riediger ND Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) lowers sugar-induced postprandial glycaemia independently and in a product with fermented quinoa: a randomized crossover trial.
In conclusion, we showed that 75 g of blackcurrant and the product with fermented quinoa were able to lower postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia. PMID: 33161904 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Nutrition)
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lappi J, Raninen K, Väkeväinen K, Kårlund A, Törrönen R, Kolehmainen M Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

The effect of sugar-sweetened beverages at 4 years of age on appetitive behaviours of 7-year-olds from the Generation XXI birth cohort.
Abstract The consumption of energy-dense sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its low satiating effects may influence the development of child eating behaviours. We aimed to investigate the association of SSBs consumption at 4 years on appetitive behaviours at age 7. Children from the Generation XXI birth cohort were included (n=3880). SSBs consumption was evaluated through a food frequency questionnaire and appetitive behaviours through the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, which includes 8 subscales. Two composite factors, derived by principal component analysis (Appetite Restraint - which is related to...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Costa D, Warkentin S, Oliveira A Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research