Costly habitual avoidance is reduced by concurrent goal-directed approach in a modified devaluation paradigm
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 10;146:103964. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103964. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAvoidance habits potentially contribute to maintaining maladaptive, costly avoidance behaviors that persist in the absence of threat. However, experimental evidence about costly habitual avoidance is scarce. In two experiments, we tested whether extensively trained avoidance impairs the subsequent goal-directed approach of rewards. Healthy participants were extensively trained to avoid an aversive outcome by performing simple responses to distinct full-screen color stimuli. After the subsequent devaluation of the aversive...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Valentina M Gl ück Katharina Zwosta Uta Wolfensteller Hannes Ruge Andre Pittig Source Type: research

Testing the impaired disengagement hypothesis: The role of attentional control and positive metacognitive beliefs in depression
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 8;146:103961. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103961. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe impaired disengagement hypothesis holds that people ruminate - and thus increase their risk for depression - due to impaired attentional control and conflict signaling. We tested this hypothesis by examining the role of attentional control and conflict signaling (operationalized as positive metacognitive beliefs) in rumination and depressive symptoms. We expected that attentional control and positive metacognitive beliefs would be associated with depressive symptoms and that these associations would be cross-sectionall...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jos é M Salguero Juan Ramos-Cejudo Esperanza Garc ía-Sancho Ilyana Arbulu Jos é L Zaccagnini Johan Bjureberg James J Gross Source Type: research

The effect of social anxiety on the acquisition and extinction of low-cost avoidance
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 11;146:103967. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103967. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExcessive avoidance and safety behaviours are a hallmark feature of social anxiety disorder. However, the conditioning and extinction of avoidance behaviour in social anxiety is understudied. Here, we examined the effect of individual differences in social anxiety on low-cost operant avoidance conditioning and extinction in 80 female participants. We employed an avoidance conditioning and extinction paradigm and measured skin conductance response, threat expectancy ratings and avoidance behaviour throughout the task. Find...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shannon Wake Carien M van Reekum Helen Dodd Source Type: research

The effect of social anxiety on the acquisition and extinction of low-cost avoidance
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 11;146:103967. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103967. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExcessive avoidance and safety behaviours are a hallmark feature of social anxiety disorder. However, the conditioning and extinction of avoidance behaviour in social anxiety is understudied. Here, we examined the effect of individual differences in social anxiety on low-cost operant avoidance conditioning and extinction in 80 female participants. We employed an avoidance conditioning and extinction paradigm and measured skin conductance response, threat expectancy ratings and avoidance behaviour throughout the task. Find...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shannon Wake Carien M van Reekum Helen Dodd Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of two 10-session cognitive behaviour therapies for eating disorders: An exploratory investigation of which approach works best for whom
We examined if we could identify who benefits most from two forms of 10-session CBT-ED; one emphasizing early behaviour change with substantial content on improving body image (CBT-T), and the other including motivational work and no content on body image using chapters from self-help books (CBTm). Participants were 98 consecutive referrals to the Flinders University Services for Eating Disorders. Fourteen clinical psychology postgraduates delivered the treatment under expert supervision. Outcome measures were completed on five occasions: baseline, 4-, 10-, 14- and 22-weeks post-randomisation. Our primary outcome was globa...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tracey D Wade Christopher Ghan Glenn Waller Source Type: research

The effects of inducing self-compassion on affective and physiological recovery from a psychosocial stressor in depression
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 11;146:103965. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103965. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study was designed to extend previous research by testing whether self-compassion acts as a protective factor that facilitates faster affective and physiological recovery from stress in people with elevated depressive symptoms. Specifically, we examined the effect of experimentally induced self-compassion on positive affect, negative affect, and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) recovery from stress. Participants (N = 59) experiencing elevated depressive symptoms completed the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST),...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Alison Tracy Ellen Jopling Joelle LeMoult Source Type: research

Frozen in (e)motion: How reactive motor inhibition is influenced by the emotional content of stimuli in healthy and psychiatric populations
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 9;146:103963. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103963. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEfficient inhibitory control is vital. However, environmental cues can influence motor control especially in an emotional context. One common task to measure inhibitory control is the stop-signal task (SST), which asks participants to respond to go stimuli knowing that on some trials a stop signal will be presented, requiring them to inhibit their response. This paradigm estimates the ability to inhibit already-initiated responses by calculating participants' stop-signal reaction times (SSRT), an index of inhibitory contro...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Simone Battaglia Gianluigi Serio Cristina Scarpazza Alessandro D'Ausilio Sara Borgomaneri Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

The association of child neglect with lifestyles, depression, and self-esteem: Cross-lagged analyses in Chinese primary schoolchildren
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 27;146:103950. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103950. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTChild neglect robustly predicts many behavioral problems and adulthood mental disorders, but little is known about its association with daily lifestyles and psychological development during childhood, particularly in the longitudinal study. We aimed to examine the association of child neglect with physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), eating habits (EHs), and depression/self-esteem using a two-wave follow-up study of primary schoolchildren in Wuhan, China. Data of 1085 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years (boys: 53.5%) were...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hong-Jie Yu Miaobing Zheng Xiang-Xiang Liu Ming-Wei Liu Qiu-Tong Chen Min-Zhe Zhang Robert A Eckhart Qi-Qiang He Source Type: research

Predicting positive outcomes and successful completion in an online parenting program for parents of children with disruptive behavior: An integrated data analysis
This study used an integrated data analysis approach to identify family and program-related factors that influence outcomes. We combined individual data from seven published efficacy trials of the web-based version of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program. Data were analyzed for 985 families with children aged between 2 and 12 years (M = 4.87; SD = 2.14) using a Latent Change Score approach. At post-intervention, sociodemographic factors were not predictive of changes in child behavior problems, while parents of boys and those with higher education showed greater improvements in dysfunctional parenting. Parents who were ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jamin J Day Sabine Baker Cassandra K Dittman Nike Franke Sharon Hinton Susan Love Matthew R Sanders Karen M T Turner Source Type: research

Resting state functional connectivity subtypes predict discrete patterns of cognitive-affective functioning across levels of analysis among patients with treatment-resistant depression
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 2;146:103960. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103960. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTResting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in ventral affective (VAN), default mode (DMN) and cognitive control (CCN) networks may partially underlie heterogeneity in depression. The current study used data-driven parsing of RSFC to identify subgroups of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD; n = 70) and determine if subgroups generalized to transdiagnostic measures of cognitive-affective functioning relevant to depression (indexed across self-report, behavioral, and molecular levels of analysis). RSFC paths ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mary L Woody Benjamin Panny Michelle Degutis Angela Griffo Rebecca B Price Source Type: research

Resting state functional connectivity subtypes predict discrete patterns of cognitive-affective functioning across levels of analysis among patients with treatment-resistant depression
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 2;146:103960. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103960. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTResting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in ventral affective (VAN), default mode (DMN) and cognitive control (CCN) networks may partially underlie heterogeneity in depression. The current study used data-driven parsing of RSFC to identify subgroups of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD; n = 70) and determine if subgroups generalized to transdiagnostic measures of cognitive-affective functioning relevant to depression (indexed across self-report, behavioral, and molecular levels of analysis). RSFC paths ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mary L Woody Benjamin Panny Michelle Degutis Angela Griffo Rebecca B Price Source Type: research

Resting state functional connectivity subtypes predict discrete patterns of cognitive-affective functioning across levels of analysis among patients with treatment-resistant depression
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Sep 2;146:103960. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103960. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTResting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in ventral affective (VAN), default mode (DMN) and cognitive control (CCN) networks may partially underlie heterogeneity in depression. The current study used data-driven parsing of RSFC to identify subgroups of patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD; n = 70) and determine if subgroups generalized to transdiagnostic measures of cognitive-affective functioning relevant to depression (indexed across self-report, behavioral, and molecular levels of analysis). RSFC paths ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mary L Woody Benjamin Panny Michelle Degutis Angela Griffo Rebecca B Price Source Type: research

Interplay between self-compassion and affect during Mindfulness-Based Compassionate Living for recurrent depression: An Autoregressive Latent Trajectory analysis
CONCLUSIONS: The current study shows that increases in self-compassion are followed by decreases in negative affect in MBCL for depression.PMID:34479145 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103946 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - September 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: M J Ter Avest R Schuling C U Greven M J Huijbers T F Wilderjans P Spinhoven A E M Speckens Source Type: research

Mental imagery-based episodic simulation amplifies motivation and behavioural engagement in planned reward activities
This study conducted a conceptual replication and extension of Renner et al. (2019). N = 81 first-year university students self-selected and scheduled two reward activities (one hedonic, one mastery) for the following week before being randomly allocated to either an Imagery-Experiential elaboration condition (n = 27), a Verbal-Reasoning elaboration condition (n = 28), or a Scheduling-only Control condition (n = 26). Following the lab session, all participants received standardized daily prompts to complete daily activity diaries online for seven days. The Imagery-Experiential condition reported greater increases in antici...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julie L Ji Dylan Geiles Lisa M Saulsman Source Type: research

Mental imagery-based episodic simulation amplifies motivation and behavioural engagement in planned reward activities
This study conducted a conceptual replication and extension of Renner et al. (2019). N = 81 first-year university students self-selected and scheduled two reward activities (one hedonic, one mastery) for the following week before being randomly allocated to either an Imagery-Experiential elaboration condition (n = 27), a Verbal-Reasoning elaboration condition (n = 28), or a Scheduling-only Control condition (n = 26). Following the lab session, all participants received standardized daily prompts to complete daily activity diaries online for seven days. The Imagery-Experiential condition reported greater increases in antici...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julie L Ji Dylan Geiles Lisa M Saulsman Source Type: research

Mental imagery-based episodic simulation amplifies motivation and behavioural engagement in planned reward activities
This study conducted a conceptual replication and extension of Renner et al. (2019). N = 81 first-year university students self-selected and scheduled two reward activities (one hedonic, one mastery) for the following week before being randomly allocated to either an Imagery-Experiential elaboration condition (n = 27), a Verbal-Reasoning elaboration condition (n = 28), or a Scheduling-only Control condition (n = 26). Following the lab session, all participants received standardized daily prompts to complete daily activity diaries online for seven days. The Imagery-Experiential condition reported greater increases in antici...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julie L Ji Dylan Geiles Lisa M Saulsman Source Type: research

Mental imagery-based episodic simulation amplifies motivation and behavioural engagement in planned reward activities
This study conducted a conceptual replication and extension of Renner et al. (2019). N = 81 first-year university students self-selected and scheduled two reward activities (one hedonic, one mastery) for the following week before being randomly allocated to either an Imagery-Experiential elaboration condition (n = 27), a Verbal-Reasoning elaboration condition (n = 28), or a Scheduling-only Control condition (n = 26). Following the lab session, all participants received standardized daily prompts to complete daily activity diaries online for seven days. The Imagery-Experiential condition reported greater increases in antici...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 25, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Julie L Ji Dylan Geiles Lisa M Saulsman Source Type: research

Outcomes of the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) in a community setting: Unpacking comorbidity
CONCLUSION: Higher numbers of sleep and circadian problems, not diagnostic threshold, were associated with greater impairment. Transdiagnostic utility of TranS-C + UC was supported.PMID:34428642 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103948 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Laurel D Sarfan Heather E Hilmoe Nicole B Gumport Caitlin E Gasperetti Garret G Zieve Allison G Harvey Source Type: research

Outcomes of the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) in a community setting: Unpacking comorbidity
CONCLUSION: Higher numbers of sleep and circadian problems, not diagnostic threshold, were associated with greater impairment. Transdiagnostic utility of TranS-C + UC was supported.PMID:34428642 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103948 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Laurel D Sarfan Heather E Hilmoe Nicole B Gumport Caitlin E Gasperetti Garret G Zieve Allison G Harvey Source Type: research

Appraisals of insomnia identity in a clinical sample
This study planned to evaluate insomnia identity, perceived sleep experience, and sleep parameters.METHOD: Individuals seeking treatment for an insomnia complaint reported demographics, insomnia identity ratings, and daily sleep diaries. Insomnia complaint and insomnia identity were independently crossed with sleep diary data yielding: complaining good (n = 10) and poor sleepers (n = 51), and good (n = 7) and poor sleepers (n = 40) with insomnia identity. Participants were additionally classified as with (n = 50) and without (n = 14) insomnia identity. Group differences and predictors of insomnia identity were assessed.RES...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah E Emert Heather E Gunn Hylton E Molzof Jessica R Dietch Kenneth L Lichstein Source Type: research

Appraisals of insomnia identity in a clinical sample
This study planned to evaluate insomnia identity, perceived sleep experience, and sleep parameters.METHOD: Individuals seeking treatment for an insomnia complaint reported demographics, insomnia identity ratings, and daily sleep diaries. Insomnia complaint and insomnia identity were independently crossed with sleep diary data yielding: complaining good (n = 10) and poor sleepers (n = 51), and good (n = 7) and poor sleepers (n = 40) with insomnia identity. Participants were additionally classified as with (n = 50) and without (n = 14) insomnia identity. Group differences and predictors of insomnia identity were assessed.RES...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah E Emert Heather E Gunn Hylton E Molzof Jessica R Dietch Kenneth L Lichstein Source Type: research

Appraisals of insomnia identity in a clinical sample
This study planned to evaluate insomnia identity, perceived sleep experience, and sleep parameters.METHOD: Individuals seeking treatment for an insomnia complaint reported demographics, insomnia identity ratings, and daily sleep diaries. Insomnia complaint and insomnia identity were independently crossed with sleep diary data yielding: complaining good (n = 10) and poor sleepers (n = 51), and good (n = 7) and poor sleepers (n = 40) with insomnia identity. Participants were additionally classified as with (n = 50) and without (n = 14) insomnia identity. Group differences and predictors of insomnia identity were assessed.RES...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah E Emert Heather E Gunn Hylton E Molzof Jessica R Dietch Kenneth L Lichstein Source Type: research

Appraisals of insomnia identity in a clinical sample
This study planned to evaluate insomnia identity, perceived sleep experience, and sleep parameters.METHOD: Individuals seeking treatment for an insomnia complaint reported demographics, insomnia identity ratings, and daily sleep diaries. Insomnia complaint and insomnia identity were independently crossed with sleep diary data yielding: complaining good (n = 10) and poor sleepers (n = 51), and good (n = 7) and poor sleepers (n = 40) with insomnia identity. Participants were additionally classified as with (n = 50) and without (n = 14) insomnia identity. Group differences and predictors of insomnia identity were assessed.RES...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarah E Emert Heather E Gunn Hylton E Molzof Jessica R Dietch Kenneth L Lichstein Source Type: research

Associations between goal orientation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors at one-month follow-up: Indirect effects through ruminative flooding
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 11;145:103945. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103945. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPrevious research has identified both goal orientation and ruminative flooding as potential risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as positive associations between goal orientation and rumination. The present study examined whether the association between goal orientation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors, assessed one month later, was accounted for by ruminative flooding. A sample of 924 psychiatric outpatients (Mage = 39.09 years, SD = 14.82, range = 18 to 84; 61.7% female; 37.0% White) completed se...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Megan L Rogers Erjia Cao Courtney Sinclair Igor Galynker Source Type: research

Associations between goal orientation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors at one-month follow-up: Indirect effects through ruminative flooding
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Aug 11;145:103945. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103945. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPrevious research has identified both goal orientation and ruminative flooding as potential risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, as well as positive associations between goal orientation and rumination. The present study examined whether the association between goal orientation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors, assessed one month later, was accounted for by ruminative flooding. A sample of 924 psychiatric outpatients (Mage = 39.09 years, SD = 14.82, range = 18 to 84; 61.7% female; 37.0% White) completed se...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Megan L Rogers Erjia Cao Courtney Sinclair Igor Galynker Source Type: research

Improving mental health in low-resource settings: A feasibility randomized controlled trial of a transdiagnostic psychological intervention among Burundian refugee adolescents and their caregivers
This study consisted of a feasibility cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) and a process evaluation. The feasibility cRCT included 82 young adolescents and their 64 caregivers, with two clusters randomized to EASE and two to an enhanced control condition. EASE was delivered by adult refugees without prior training in mental health. The process evaluation consisted of 36 semi-structured qualitative interviews with key stakeholders, including adolescents, caregivers, and facilitators. EASE participants and facilitators gave positive feedback about its format, accessibility, and content. Trained non-specialist refugee f...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shoshanna L Fine Aiysha Malik Marie-France Guimond Ashley Nemiro Getruda Temu Samuel Likindikoki Jeannie Annan Wietse A Tol Source Type: research

First, do no harm: An intensive experience sampling study of adverse effects to mindfulness training
CONCLUSIONS: Findings illustrate that mindfulness meditation may be transiently anxiogenic for many participants, yet, these experiences are unlikely to constitute objective harm per se. Furthermore, observed deterioration in daily living post-intervention cannot be attributed to momentary adverse effects in response to mindfulness meditation. We speculate that observed deterioration in daily living post-intervention may thus be better explained by increased awareness to internal states following mindfulness training. Findings highlight the potential utility of applying a RCI approach to intensive ES measurement to quantif...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Aizik-Reebs Adi Shoham Amit Bernstein Source Type: research

First, do no harm: An intensive experience sampling study of adverse effects to mindfulness training
CONCLUSIONS: Findings illustrate that mindfulness meditation may be transiently anxiogenic for many participants, yet, these experiences are unlikely to constitute objective harm per se. Furthermore, observed deterioration in daily living post-intervention cannot be attributed to momentary adverse effects in response to mindfulness meditation. We speculate that observed deterioration in daily living post-intervention may thus be better explained by increased awareness to internal states following mindfulness training. Findings highlight the potential utility of applying a RCI approach to intensive ES measurement to quantif...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Anna Aizik-Reebs Adi Shoham Amit Bernstein Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

BDNF genotype Val66Met interacts with acute plasma BDNF levels to predict fear extinction and recall
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 30;145:103942. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103942. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBrain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) is a potent regulator of memory processes and is believed to influence the consolidation of fear extinction memories. No previous human study has tested the effect of unstimulated BDNF on fear extinction recall, and no study has tested the association between plasma BDNF levels and psychophysiological responding during an extinction paradigm. We tested the association between fear responses during a 2-day differential conditioning, extinction and extinction recall paradigm and Val66...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - August 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Luke John Ney Allison Matthews Emma Nicholson Daniel Zuj Chia Ming Ken Hsu Trevor Steward Bronwyn Graham Ben Harrison David Nichols Kim Felmingham Source Type: research

Non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation enhances cognitive emotion regulation
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 24;145:103933. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103933. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTranscutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) has been proposed as a potential new tool in the treatment of major depressive disorder. Prior studies have demonstrated that taVNS enhances cognitive control and is able to modulate brain activity in key regions involved in cognitive emotion regulation, such as the anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex, which is known to be impaired in depressed patients. Preclinical studies are lacking but may provide important insights into the working mechanisms of taV...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stefanie De Smet Chris Baeken Nina Seminck Jozefien Tilleman Evelien Carrette Kristl Vonck Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt Source Type: research

Non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation enhances cognitive emotion regulation
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Jul 24;145:103933. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103933. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTranscutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) has been proposed as a potential new tool in the treatment of major depressive disorder. Prior studies have demonstrated that taVNS enhances cognitive control and is able to modulate brain activity in key regions involved in cognitive emotion regulation, such as the anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex, which is known to be impaired in depressed patients. Preclinical studies are lacking but may provide important insights into the working mechanisms of taV...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stefanie De Smet Chris Baeken Nina Seminck Jozefien Tilleman Evelien Carrette Kristl Vonck Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt Source Type: research

An attentional perspective on differential fear conditioning in chronic pain: The informational value of safety cues
We present simulations of a reinforcement learning model to show how the pattern of data can be explained by assuming that participants with chronic pain might have experienced less positive emotion (relief) when the electric shock was absent following safety cues. Our model shows how this assumption can explain both, reduced differential responding to cues of threat and safety as well as less selective attention to the safety cue.PMID:34325187 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103917 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stephan Koenig Karoline K örfer Harald Lachnit Julia Anna Glombiewski Source Type: research

An attentional perspective on differential fear conditioning in chronic pain: The informational value of safety cues
We present simulations of a reinforcement learning model to show how the pattern of data can be explained by assuming that participants with chronic pain might have experienced less positive emotion (relief) when the electric shock was absent following safety cues. Our model shows how this assumption can explain both, reduced differential responding to cues of threat and safety as well as less selective attention to the safety cue.PMID:34325187 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103917 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stephan Koenig Karoline K örfer Harald Lachnit Julia Anna Glombiewski Source Type: research

Safety behaviours in social anxiety: An examination across adolescence
CONCLUSIONS: Both 'avoidance' and 'impression-management' safety behaviours are associated with social anxiety symptoms and cognitions in youth, with age-related differences in their frequency. 'Avoidance' behaviours are specifically associated with negative outcomes for quality of peer relationships.PMID:34298437 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103931 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rachel Evans Kenny Chiu David M Clark Polly Waite Eleanor Leigh Source Type: research

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of hydrocortisone augmentation of Prolonged Exposure for PTSD in U.S. combat veterans
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment matching based on cognitive or biological vulnerabilities might lead to greater efficacy of PE with glucocorticoid augmentation.PMID:34298438 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103924 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Amy Lehrner Tom Hildebrandt Linda M Bierer Janine D Flory Heather N Bader Iouri Makotkine Rachel Yehuda Source Type: research

Safety behaviours in social anxiety: An examination across adolescence
CONCLUSIONS: Both 'avoidance' and 'impression-management' safety behaviours are associated with social anxiety symptoms and cognitions in youth, with age-related differences in their frequency. 'Avoidance' behaviours are specifically associated with negative outcomes for quality of peer relationships.PMID:34298437 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103931 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rachel Evans Kenny Chiu David M Clark Polly Waite Eleanor Leigh Source Type: research

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of hydrocortisone augmentation of Prolonged Exposure for PTSD in U.S. combat veterans
CONCLUSIONS: Treatment matching based on cognitive or biological vulnerabilities might lead to greater efficacy of PE with glucocorticoid augmentation.PMID:34298438 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.103924 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - July 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Amy Lehrner Tom Hildebrandt Linda M Bierer Janine D Flory Heather N Bader Iouri Makotkine Rachel Yehuda Source Type: research