What you don't know can help you: An activating placebo effect in spider phobia
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 6;149:103994. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103994. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite being an inert treatment, placebo has been repeatedly shown to induce the experience of automatic symptom relief, a therapeutic effect over which a person has no control. We tested whether a placebo that participants believed was an active drug would induce them to take action to overcome their symptomatic impairment, a self-efficacious role we term an activating placebo effect. Specifically, we tested whether a placebo presented to spider-phobic participants as a fear-reducing drug would induce them to approach a ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paul Siegel Bradley S Peterson Source Type: research

What you don't know can help you: An activating placebo effect in spider phobia
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 6;149:103994. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103994. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite being an inert treatment, placebo has been repeatedly shown to induce the experience of automatic symptom relief, a therapeutic effect over which a person has no control. We tested whether a placebo that participants believed was an active drug would induce them to take action to overcome their symptomatic impairment, a self-efficacious role we term an activating placebo effect. Specifically, we tested whether a placebo presented to spider-phobic participants as a fear-reducing drug would induce them to approach a ...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 20, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Paul Siegel Bradley S Peterson Source Type: research

Modulation of threat extinction by working memory load: An event-related potential study
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Jan 7;150:104031. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2022.104031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDistraction is typically discouraged during exposure therapy for anxiety, because it is thought to interfere with extinction learning by diverting attention away from anxiety-provoking stimuli. Working memory load is one form of distraction that might interfere with extinction learning. Alternatively, working memory load might reduce threat responding and benefit extinction learning by engaging prefrontal brain regions that have a reciprocal relationship with brain circuits involved in threat detection and processing. Prio...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Yuhan Cheng T Bryan Jackson Annmarie MacNamara Source Type: research

Targeting maladaptive reactivity to negative affect in emerging adults with cannabis use disorder: A preliminary test and proof of concept
CONCLUSIONS: AMT offers a novel, successful approach to the treatment of CUD.PMID:35032700 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104032 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kate Wolitzky-Taylor Suzette Glasner Alexandra Tanner Dara G Ghahremani Edythe D London Source Type: research

Responsibility, probability, and severity of harm: An experimental investigation of cognitive factors associated with checking-related OCD
We examined these factors in an ecologically valid experimental paradigm. Two groups of participants (participants with OCD who compulsively check and undergraduate controls) were assigned to a high or low responsibility condition, and then checked objects representing: (a) high seriousness of harm (stove burners), (b) low seriousness of harm (light bulbs), (c) high probability of harm (functional burners and bulbs), and (d) low probability of harm (non-functional burners and bulbs). In general, a diagnosis of OCD, as well as conditions of increased severity/likelihood of harm, and to a lesser degree, increased responsibil...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Adam S Radomsky Gillian M Alcolado Michel J Dugas Stefanie L Lavoie Source Type: research

Modulation of threat extinction by working memory load: An event-related potential study
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Jan 7;150:104031. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2022.104031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDistraction is typically discouraged during exposure therapy for anxiety, because it is thought to interfere with extinction learning by diverting attention away from anxiety-provoking stimuli. Working memory load is one form of distraction that might interfere with extinction learning. Alternatively, working memory load might reduce threat responding and benefit extinction learning by engaging prefrontal brain regions that have a reciprocal relationship with brain circuits involved in threat detection and processing. Prio...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Yuhan Cheng T Bryan Jackson Annmarie MacNamara Source Type: research

Targeting maladaptive reactivity to negative affect in emerging adults with cannabis use disorder: A preliminary test and proof of concept
CONCLUSIONS: AMT offers a novel, successful approach to the treatment of CUD.PMID:35032700 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104032 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kate Wolitzky-Taylor Suzette Glasner Alexandra Tanner Dara G Ghahremani Edythe D London Source Type: research

Responsibility, probability, and severity of harm: An experimental investigation of cognitive factors associated with checking-related OCD
We examined these factors in an ecologically valid experimental paradigm. Two groups of participants (participants with OCD who compulsively check and undergraduate controls) were assigned to a high or low responsibility condition, and then checked objects representing: (a) high seriousness of harm (stove burners), (b) low seriousness of harm (light bulbs), (c) high probability of harm (functional burners and bulbs), and (d) low probability of harm (non-functional burners and bulbs). In general, a diagnosis of OCD, as well as conditions of increased severity/likelihood of harm, and to a lesser degree, increased responsibil...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Adam S Radomsky Gillian M Alcolado Michel J Dugas Stefanie L Lavoie Source Type: research

Modulation of threat extinction by working memory load: An event-related potential study
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Jan 7;150:104031. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2022.104031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDistraction is typically discouraged during exposure therapy for anxiety, because it is thought to interfere with extinction learning by diverting attention away from anxiety-provoking stimuli. Working memory load is one form of distraction that might interfere with extinction learning. Alternatively, working memory load might reduce threat responding and benefit extinction learning by engaging prefrontal brain regions that have a reciprocal relationship with brain circuits involved in threat detection and processing. Prio...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Yuhan Cheng T Bryan Jackson Annmarie MacNamara Source Type: research

Targeting maladaptive reactivity to negative affect in emerging adults with cannabis use disorder: A preliminary test and proof of concept
CONCLUSIONS: AMT offers a novel, successful approach to the treatment of CUD.PMID:35032700 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104032 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kate Wolitzky-Taylor Suzette Glasner Alexandra Tanner Dara G Ghahremani Edythe D London Source Type: research

Responsibility, probability, and severity of harm: An experimental investigation of cognitive factors associated with checking-related OCD
We examined these factors in an ecologically valid experimental paradigm. Two groups of participants (participants with OCD who compulsively check and undergraduate controls) were assigned to a high or low responsibility condition, and then checked objects representing: (a) high seriousness of harm (stove burners), (b) low seriousness of harm (light bulbs), (c) high probability of harm (functional burners and bulbs), and (d) low probability of harm (non-functional burners and bulbs). In general, a diagnosis of OCD, as well as conditions of increased severity/likelihood of harm, and to a lesser degree, increased responsibil...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Adam S Radomsky Gillian M Alcolado Michel J Dugas Stefanie L Lavoie Source Type: research

Modulation of threat extinction by working memory load: An event-related potential study
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Jan 7;150:104031. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2022.104031. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDistraction is typically discouraged during exposure therapy for anxiety, because it is thought to interfere with extinction learning by diverting attention away from anxiety-provoking stimuli. Working memory load is one form of distraction that might interfere with extinction learning. Alternatively, working memory load might reduce threat responding and benefit extinction learning by engaging prefrontal brain regions that have a reciprocal relationship with brain circuits involved in threat detection and processing. Prio...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Yuhan Cheng T Bryan Jackson Annmarie MacNamara Source Type: research

Targeting maladaptive reactivity to negative affect in emerging adults with cannabis use disorder: A preliminary test and proof of concept
CONCLUSIONS: AMT offers a novel, successful approach to the treatment of CUD.PMID:35032700 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104032 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kate Wolitzky-Taylor Suzette Glasner Alexandra Tanner Dara G Ghahremani Edythe D London Source Type: research

Responsibility, probability, and severity of harm: An experimental investigation of cognitive factors associated with checking-related OCD
We examined these factors in an ecologically valid experimental paradigm. Two groups of participants (participants with OCD who compulsively check and undergraduate controls) were assigned to a high or low responsibility condition, and then checked objects representing: (a) high seriousness of harm (stove burners), (b) low seriousness of harm (light bulbs), (c) high probability of harm (functional burners and bulbs), and (d) low probability of harm (non-functional burners and bulbs). In general, a diagnosis of OCD, as well as conditions of increased severity/likelihood of harm, and to a lesser degree, increased responsibil...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 15, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Adam S Radomsky Gillian M Alcolado Michel J Dugas Stefanie L Lavoie Source Type: research

Digital biomarkers of anxiety disorder symptom changes: Personalized deep learning models using smartphone sensors accurately predict anxiety symptoms from ecological momentary assessments
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 11;149:104013. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104013. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSmartphones are capable of passively capturing persons' social interactions, movement patterns, physiological activation, and physical environment. Nevertheless, little research has examined whether momentary anxiety symptoms can be accurately assessed using these methodologies. In this research, we utilize smartphone sensors and personalized deep learning models to predict future anxiety symptoms among a sample reporting clinical anxiety disorder symptoms. Participants (N = 32) with generalized anxiety disorder and/or so...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 14, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicholas C Jacobson Sukanya Bhattacharya Source Type: research

Linguistic analysis of Latinx patients' responses to a text messaging adjunct during cognitive behavioral therapy for depression
This study analyzed qualitative responses that were paired with a mood rating (1-9 scale) from daily ecological momentary assessments via text-messaging of 52 low-income, Spanish-speaking patients to assess the relationship between word use and changes in mood during group CBT. Based on previous research, we chose 11 linguistic dimensions from the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count text analysis software that conceptually related to core CBT treatment elements and sociocultural factors of depression in Latinxs. Results showed that the use of words from the categories of Friends, Religion, Positive Emotions, and Leisure (pro...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rosa Hernandez-Ramos Edgar Altszyler Caroline A Figueroa Patricia Avila-Garcia Adrian Aguilera Source Type: research

Linguistic analysis of Latinx patients' responses to a text messaging adjunct during cognitive behavioral therapy for depression
This study analyzed qualitative responses that were paired with a mood rating (1-9 scale) from daily ecological momentary assessments via text-messaging of 52 low-income, Spanish-speaking patients to assess the relationship between word use and changes in mood during group CBT. Based on previous research, we chose 11 linguistic dimensions from the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count text analysis software that conceptually related to core CBT treatment elements and sociocultural factors of depression in Latinxs. Results showed that the use of words from the categories of Friends, Religion, Positive Emotions, and Leisure (pro...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rosa Hernandez-Ramos Edgar Altszyler Caroline A Figueroa Patricia Avila-Garcia Adrian Aguilera Source Type: research

Using Socratic Questioning to promote cognitive change and achieve depressive symptom reduction: Evidence of cognitive change as a mediator
This study also provides initial evidence to suggest the use of Socratic questioning is particularly important for clients who begin treatment with particularly low CBT skills.PMID:35016095 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104035 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lisa N Vittorio Samuel T Murphy Justin D Braun Daniel R Strunk Source Type: research

Using Socratic Questioning to promote cognitive change and achieve depressive symptom reduction: Evidence of cognitive change as a mediator
This study also provides initial evidence to suggest the use of Socratic questioning is particularly important for clients who begin treatment with particularly low CBT skills.PMID:35016095 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104035 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lisa N Vittorio Samuel T Murphy Justin D Braun Daniel R Strunk Source Type: research

Using Socratic Questioning to promote cognitive change and achieve depressive symptom reduction: Evidence of cognitive change as a mediator
This study also provides initial evidence to suggest the use of Socratic questioning is particularly important for clients who begin treatment with particularly low CBT skills.PMID:35016095 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2022.104035 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 11, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lisa N Vittorio Samuel T Murphy Justin D Braun Daniel R Strunk Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of an emotion socialization parenting program and its impact on parenting, children's behavior and parent and child stress cortisol: Tuning in to Toddlers
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 26;149:104016. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104016. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper examines the efficacy of a universally-offered parenting program, Tuning in to Toddlers (TOTS), that aims to improve parent emotion socialization, reduce parent and toddler stress and improve social, emotional, and behavioral functioning in toddlers. Three hundred parents of an 18-36 month old toddler were cluster randomized into intervention or control. Parents in the intervention participated in 6 × 2 h group sessions of TOTS. Baseline and 12-months post-intervention measures were collected using parent...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie S Havighurst Christiane E Kehoe Ann E Harley Alessandra Radovini Rae Thomas Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of an emotion socialization parenting program and its impact on parenting, children's behavior and parent and child stress cortisol: Tuning in to Toddlers
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 26;149:104016. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104016. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis paper examines the efficacy of a universally-offered parenting program, Tuning in to Toddlers (TOTS), that aims to improve parent emotion socialization, reduce parent and toddler stress and improve social, emotional, and behavioral functioning in toddlers. Three hundred parents of an 18-36 month old toddler were cluster randomized into intervention or control. Parents in the intervention participated in 6 × 2 h group sessions of TOTS. Baseline and 12-months post-intervention measures were collected using parent...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 10, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sophie S Havighurst Christiane E Kehoe Ann E Harley Alessandra Radovini Rae Thomas Source Type: research

Psychopathological networks: Theory, methods and practice
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 1;149:104011. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104011. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn recent years, network approaches to psychopathology have sparked much debate and have had a significant impact on how mental disorders are perceived in the field of clinical psychology. However, there are many important challenges in moving from theory to empirical research and clinical practice and vice versa. Therefore, in this article, we bring together different points of view on psychological networks by methodologists and clinicians to give a critical overview on these challenges, and to present an agenda for addr...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Laura F Bringmann Casper Albers Claudi Bockting Denny Borsboom Eva Ceulemans Ang élique Cramer Sacha Epskamp Markus I Eronen Ellen Hamaker Peter Kuppens Wolfgang Lutz Richard J McNally Peter Molenaar Pia Tio Manuel C Voelkle Marieke Wichers Source Type: research

Psychopathological networks: Theory, methods and practice
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 1;149:104011. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104011. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn recent years, network approaches to psychopathology have sparked much debate and have had a significant impact on how mental disorders are perceived in the field of clinical psychology. However, there are many important challenges in moving from theory to empirical research and clinical practice and vice versa. Therefore, in this article, we bring together different points of view on psychological networks by methodologists and clinicians to give a critical overview on these challenges, and to present an agenda for addr...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Laura F Bringmann Casper Albers Claudi Bockting Denny Borsboom Eva Ceulemans Ang élique Cramer Sacha Epskamp Markus I Eronen Ellen Hamaker Peter Kuppens Wolfgang Lutz Richard J McNally Peter Molenaar Pia Tio Manuel C Voelkle Marieke Wichers Source Type: research

Memory and learning for sleep and circadian treatment in serious mental illness treated in a community mental health setting
CONCLUSIONS: The findings offer evidence that poor patient memory for, and learning of, treatment contents extends to community settings and are transdiagnostic concerns.PMID:34995953 | DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2021.104029 (Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy)
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - January 7, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicole B Gumport Allison G Harvey Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of a brief, scalable intervention for mental health sequelae in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Dec 21;149:104015. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104015. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis randomized clinical trial aimed to determine feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of brief Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills videos in reducing psychological distress among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over six weeks, 153 undergraduates at a large, public American university completed pre-assessment, intervention, and post-assessment periods. During the intervention, participants were randomized to receive animated DBT skills videos for 14 successive days (n = 99) or continue ass...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shireen L Rizvi Jesse Finkelstein Annmarie Wacha-Montes April L Yeager Allison K Ruork Qingqing Yin John Kellerman Joanne S Kim Molly Stern Linda A Oshin Evan M Kleiman Source Type: research

The integrated constructionist approach to emotions: A theoretical model for explaining alterations to positive emotional experiences in the aftermath of trauma
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 25;149:104008. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.104008. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPrior research has assumed that individuals with PTSD find positive emotions enjoyable and rewarding. While intuitive, this assumption is problematic for a number of reasons. A growing body of literature suggests that positive emotions can be unwanted and uncomfortable experiences for many people, particularly individuals with PTSD. Yet our empirical and theoretical models of PTSD do not adequately account for this complexity. Throughout the following pages, we argue that the same behavioral processes that have been heavi...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lia S Bishop Kathleen M Palm Reed Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2022 Jan;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Epub 2021 Nov 16.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis, we cond...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Prosocial behaviour reduces unwanted intrusions of experimental traumatic memories
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 16;148:103998. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103998. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFollowing trauma exposure, people often experience involuntary intrusions of traumatic memories, i.e., flashbacks. How to reduce such unwanted intrusions attracts attention from basic and translational memory research, with a goal to safeguard mental well-being and promote resilience. Here, based on prosocial behaviour's well-documented psychological benefits, we hypothesized that post-trauma prosocial behaviour would causally reduce trauma-related symptoms, including involuntary intrusions. To test this novel hypothesis,...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - December 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mohith M Varma Xiaoqing Hu Source Type: research

Optimising exposure for adolescents with public speaking anxiety: Affect labelling or positive coping statements?
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 19;148:103997. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103997. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the first line treatment for anxiety disorders in youth however many adolescents do not benefit. Behavioural exposure is believed to be the critical ingredient of CBT and research with adults has shown that labelling affect, but not positive coping statements, enhances exposure outcomes. However, many CBT protocols for young people involve using positive coping statements alongside exposure. We compared the effects of exposure with positive coping statements, affect labelling, and ne...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - November 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hannah Plaisted Polly Waite Cathy Creswell Source Type: research

Optimising exposure for adolescents with public speaking anxiety: Affect labelling or positive coping statements?
Behav Res Ther. 2021 Nov 19;148:103997. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2021.103997. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is the first line treatment for anxiety disorders in youth however many adolescents do not benefit. Behavioural exposure is believed to be the critical ingredient of CBT and research with adults has shown that labelling affect, but not positive coping statements, enhances exposure outcomes. However, many CBT protocols for young people involve using positive coping statements alongside exposure. We compared the effects of exposure with positive coping statements, affect labelling, and ne...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - November 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hannah Plaisted Polly Waite Cathy Creswell Source Type: research