Why don't the British eat locally harvested shellfish? The role of misconceptions and knowledge gaps.
This study aimed to investigate whether a low rate of local shellfish consumption in the UK is due to misunderstandings or knowledge gaps about the potential health and environmental risks and benefits of consumption. Following the Mental Models Approach, the present paper reveals: 1) qualitative results from 26 stakeholder/public interviews which identified 10 key misunderstandings and knowledge gaps, including incorrect beliefs about health risks and a lack of knowledge about the relative environmental benefits compared to other foods (key misunderstandings included some parts of a crab are poisonous if eaten, and the ma...
Source: Appetite - July 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Boase N, White MP, Gaze WH, Redshaw C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A cross-disciplinary mixed-method approach to understand how food retail environment transformations influence food choice and intake among the urban poor: Experiences from Vietnam.
We describe and reflect on our theoretical mix of dietary intake and social practices research, and our holistic mixed method approach which besides combining quantitative and qualitative methods, also voices the urban poor first hand. PMID: 31310835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - July 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wertheim-Heck SCO, Raneri JE Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Exploration of associations between the FTO rs9939609 genotype, fasting and postprandial appetite-related hormones and perceived appetite in healthy men and women.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with obesity risk. Although the exact mechanisms involved remain unknown, the FTO rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with an impaired postprandial suppression of appetite. OBJECTIVES: To explore the influence of FTO rs9939609 genotype on fasting and postprandial appetite-related hormones and perceived appetite in a heterogeneous sample of men and women. DESIGN: 112 healthy men and women aged 18-50-years-old completed three laboratory visits for the assessment of FTO rs9939609 genotype, body comp...
Source: Appetite - July 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Goltz FR, Thackray AE, Varela-Mato V, King JA, Dorling JL, Dowejko M, Mastana S, Thompson J, Atkinson G, Stensel DJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Snacking frequency and dietary intake in toddlers and preschool children.
In this study, we examined snacking patterns in toddlers and preschool children and the associations between snacking frequency and daily energy intake. We analyzed data from children aged 12-72 months (N = 1186) in the Newborn Epigenetic STudy (NEST). We used Bonferroni multiple comparison methods to examine the differences in snacking patterns across subgroups. Linear and quantile regression models were fit to investigate the association between dietary intake and snacking frequency. Our estimates suggest that Non-Hispanic blacks had the highest total daily energy intake from snacks (334 kcal/day) compared to non-H...
Source: Appetite - July 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xue H, Maguire RL, Liu J, Kollins SH, Murphy SK, Hoyo C, Fuemmeler BF Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Emotion-driven impulsiveness but not decision-making ability and cognitive inflexibility predicts weight status in adults.
In this study we aimed to determine whether decision-making ability, cognitive inflexibility and emotion-driven impulsiveness are associated with weight status as expressed by body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, waist circumference and skinfold thickness in adults from eight different European countries taking part in the I.Family study. The Bechara Gambling Task was used to assess decision-making ability (n = 1717). The Berg Card Sorting Test was used to measure cognitive inflexibility (n = 1509). Lastly, the negative urgency subscale from the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale was used to measure emotion-dri...
Source: Appetite - July 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Coumans JMJ, Danner UN, Hadjigeorgiou C, Hebestreit A, Hunsberger M, Intemann T, Lauria F, Michels N, Kurdiné EM, Moreno LA, Reisch L, Thumann BF, Veidebaum T, Adan RAH, I.Family consortium Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Halo or horn? A qualitative study of mothers' experiences with feeding children during the first year following bariatric surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: While bariatric surgery and requisite lifestyle change are effective tools for weight loss at the individual level, there is a great need for innovative family-based solutions. Pediatric obesity is preventable or risk-diminished if addressed early. Maternal bariatric surgery may be a unique (yet missed) opportunity to intervene. PMID: 31301320 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - July 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeller MH, Robson SM, Reiter-Purtill J, Kidwell KM, Kharofa RY, McCullough MB, Crosby LE, Howarth T, Comstock SE, Ley SL, Courcoulas AP, West-Smith L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Influence of parenting styles in the context of Adolescents' energy balance-related behaviors: Findings from the FLASHE study.
Abstract Lack of compliance with dietary and activity guidelines contributes to the high prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents. Intervention programs need enhanced strategies to promote healthy lifestyle behaviors. Although adolescents have more autonomy than younger children, parents still play an important role in influencing adolescents' energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs). Parenting style may have an overarching effect on adolescents' EBRBs. The purpose of this study was to inform improvements to the design of intervention programs for the parents of adolescents by examining influences of...
Source: Appetite - July 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang Y, Davey C, Larson N, Reicks M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Self-reported eating behaviors of military recruits are associated with body mass index at military accession and change during initial military training.
This study examined changes in those behaviors, and associations between those behaviors and BMI, cardiometabolic biomarkers, and diet quality in military recruits before and during initial military training (IMT), an environment wherein access to food is restricted. Eating rate and reliance on internal satiety cues were self-reported, and BMI, body fat, cardiometabolic biomarkers, and diet quality were measured in 1,389 Army, Air Force and Marine recruits (45% female, mean ± SEM BMI = 24.1 ± 0.1 kg/m2) before and after IMT. Pre-IMT, habitually eating fast relative to slowly was associated with ...
Source: Appetite - July 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fagnant HS, Armstrong NJ, Lutz LJ, Nakayama AT, Guerriere KI, Ruthazer R, Cole LRE, McClung JP, Gaffney-Stomberg E, Karl JP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The explanatory role of maternal feeding practices: do they explain ethnic differences in body weight of preadolescents?
CONCLUSION: Ethnic differences in childhood BMI seemed to be partially attributable to the maternal perception of her child's weight status. Besides, maternal perception of child's weight appeared to play an important role in the association between maternal child feeding practices and childhood SDS-BMI. Hence, our findings contribute to the growing evidence concerning the bi-directional association between child feeding practices and childhood BMI. PMID: 31295505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - July 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yılmaz NG, Renders CM, Nicolaou M, Vrijkotte TGM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Non-food rewards and highly processed food intake in everyday life.
Abstract Reducing intake of highly processed, energy-dense food may prevent chronic disease. One proposed intervention strategy for reducing intake of these foods is to increase non-food reward experiences (e.g., music, socializing, art) in their place. However, research supporting this strategy has yet to establish temporal order between non-food reward experiences and highly processed food intake, and has yet to test mediators. The current study sought to build upon this literature with an ambulatory electronic diary study wherein the time-specific associations between non-food reward experiences and highly proc...
Source: Appetite - July 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cummings JR, Mamtora T, Tomiyama AJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Preference and willingness to pay for meat substitutes based on micro-algae.
This study aims to fill this research gap by analyzing consumer preferences for meat substitutes based on micro-algae. First, a choice-based conjoint analysis was conducted in three Western European countries (Germany, Netherlands, France) to reveal consumer preferences and willingness to pay for meat substitutes based on micro-algae. Second, a multi-item scale was developed to measure consumer attitudes toward meat and meat substitutes. Third, these results were combined to obtain novel insights about attitudinal drivers of consumer preference and willingness to pay for meat substitutes based on micro-algae. In summary, f...
Source: Appetite - July 5, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Weinrich R, Elshiewy O Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumer reflections on post-ingestive sensations. A qualitative approach by means of focus group interviews.
ne DV Abstract Obesity is a growing problem. Insights into satiety and other post-ingestive sensations may be important in understanding influential factors in our eating behaviour. The purpose of this research study was to explore beyond satiety and gain a better understanding of the umbrella term 'Post-ingestive sensations', this from a consumer point-of-view. In the present study, 'Post-ingestive sensations' are defined as 'the subjective perceptions of the body after eating'. The research aims to explore and understand consumers' reflections on post-ingestive sensations. We analyse results from four focus grou...
Source: Appetite - July 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Duerlund M, Andersen BV, Grønbeck MS, Byrne DV Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What makes a good action plan? Characteristics and enactment of fruit and vegetable plans.
DISCUSSION: Specific morning plans were found most beneficial for the enactment of FV plans. Here, possible underlying mechanisms such as stable morning routines should be further investigated. Moreover, the nutritional choice appeared to make a difference for plan enactment: Increasing one's fruit consumption may be easier than integrating more vegetables into one's daily diet. PMID: 31279822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - July 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Domke A, Keller J, Fleig L, Knoll N, Schwarzer R Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Nudging, formulating new products, and the lifecourse: A qualitative assessment of the viability of three methods for reducing Scottish meat consumption for health, ethical, and environmental reasons.
Abstract Most governmental initiatives designed to improve dietary and planetary health have adopted a light-touch informing approach. However, it may be necessary to consider more direct measures that go beyond simply informing the public if the current high levels of meat consumption in Scotland are to be addressed. This paper considers three possible avenues through which more sustainable meat consumption patterns may be promoted: 'nudging', the formulation of new meat-alternative products, and targeting those in particular stages of the lifecourse. Through focus groups held in various locations in Scotland, th...
Source: Appetite - July 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: McBey D, Watts D, Johnstone A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A cross-cultural analysis of children's vegetable preferences.
This study analyzed children vegetable liking in four different age ranges (5-6, 7-8, 9-10 and 11-12 years old) in Chile, China and the United States. Three hundred and eighty-four children completed this study. All participants tasted and rated 14 different vegetables for liking and described the samples using Check-All-That-Apply (CATA). We found significant differences in degree of overall liking among children from the three countries (p 
Source: Appetite - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Estay K, Pan S, Zhong F, Capitaine C, Guinard JX Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Using repeated exposure through hands-on cooking to increase CHILDREN'S preferences for fruits and vegetables.
Abstract Few children in the United States meet national fruit and vegetable intake recommendations, highlighting a need for interventions. Children's food preferences act as a barrier to fruit and vegetable consumption, but prior research has demonstrated that repeated taste exposures can increase children's acceptance of these foods. Prior research in this area has typically utilized controlled procedures in which children sample small tastes of target foods over repeated occasions. The primary aim of the present pilot study was to test whether children's preferences for target fruits and vegetables increased fo...
Source: Appetite - July 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ehrenberg S, Leone LA, Sharpe B, Reardon K, Anzman-Frasca S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Self-declared attitudes and beliefs regarding protein sources are a good prediction of the degree of transition to a low-meat diet in France.
Abstract Meat consumption in Western countries is declining and, while the proportion of strict vegetarians remains low, intermediate diets such as flexitarianism have been developing in recent years. Our objectives were to identify the different levels of transition towards low-meat diets, characterize how these diets differ in terms of food intake, and identify whether attitudes and beliefs can explain these degrees of transition. In a representative survey of the French adult population conducted in 2018 (n = 2,055), participants declared whether they followed a particular diet and completed a food frequenc...
Source: Appetite - July 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: de Gavelle E, Davidenko O, Fouillet H, Delarue J, Darcel N, Huneau JF, Mariotti F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Informational and emotional daily messages to reduce red and processed meat consumption.
Abstract In the present study we tested a daily messaging intervention aimed at promoting the reduction of red and processed meat consumption (RPMC). We randomly allocated 180 young adults to three different message conditions. Participants in the informational condition read messages on the consequences of excessive RPMC on one's health and the environment. Participants in the emotional condition read messages eliciting anticipated regret for the consequences of excessive RPMC on one's health and the environment. Participants in the control condition read messages on the health and the environment consequences of...
Source: Appetite - July 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carfora V, Bertolotti M, Catellani P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Toddlers' impulsivity, inhibitory control, and maternal eating-related supervision in relation to toddler body mass index: Direct and interactive effects.
Abstract Previous studies have noted that child temperament characteristics, such as aspects of self-regulation, as well as parental feeding practices contribute to children's body mass index (BMI), and have implications for identifying children who may be at risk of being overweight or obese. While studies have considered children's temperament or maternal feeding practices separately, few have considered these correlates of children's BMI jointly or in interaction in relation to children's BMI. The current study included 179 mother-child dyads participating in a longitudinal study. Information on children's impu...
Source: Appetite - July 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lelakowska G, Kanya MJ, Balassone BR, Savoree SL, Boddy LE, Power TG, Bridgett DJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Time spent looking at food during a delay of gratification task is positively associated with children's consumption at ad libitum laboratory meals.
Abstract Greater ability to delay gratification for an immediate food reward may protect against the development of obesity. However, it is not known if the behaviors children exhibit during a delay of gratification task are related to overeating in other contexts. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the relationship between observed child coping strategies during a delay of gratification task and laboratory intake from ad libitum test-meals. The sample consisted of 40, 7-9 year old children (40% (N = 16 with overweight/obesity). Across 5 laboratory visits, children consumed 3 identical test-meals prese...
Source: Appetite - July 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lundquist E, Austen M, Bermudez M, Rubin C, Bruce AS, Masterson TD, Keller KL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of snack consumption on physical activity: A test of the Compensatory Health Beliefs Model.
Abstract The Compensatory Health Beliefs Model proposes that individuals may believe that an unhealthy behaviour can be compensated for by subsequent engagement in a healthy behaviour. The present study aimed to test this proposition, specifically by examining the influence of snack consumption (healthy, unhealthy) on type of activity selected (physical, sedentary). A sample of 100 female undergraduate students (Mage = 20.41 years) were randomly assigned to consume either healthy or unhealthy snacks of comparable nutritional value. To assess potential compensatory behaviour, participants were then given the ch...
Source: Appetite - June 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Petersen JM, Prichard I, Kemps E, Tiggemann M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Meal patterns after bariatric surgery in mice and rats.
Abstract With behavioral and pharmacological interventions continuously failing to tackle the obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery has been hailed as the most effective treatment strategy. Current literature suggests that bariatric surgery successfully decreases body weight and excess fat mass through targeting both variables of the energy homeostasis - energy intake and energy expenditure. Here we review current knowledge on changes in caloric consumption, an important arm in the energy balance equation, in rodent models of bariatric surgery. In particular, circadian feeding dynamics, post-surgical caloric intake ...
Source: Appetite - June 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shah H, Shin AC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Parenting quality in infancy and emotional eating in adolescence: Mediation through emotion suppression and alexithymia.
This study assessed the association between parenting quality at age 15 and 28 months and emotional eating (EE) at age 12 and 16 years through serial mediation by suppression of emotions and alexithymia at 12 years. The sample included 129 children and their parents. Lower parental quality in infancy was related to more suppression of emotions, which in turn was related to more difficulty identifying emotions, and in turn to higher EE in adolescence. This serial mediation model was significant for EE at 12 years, and for EE at 16 years. If future studies reveal converging findings, this knowledge points to the need for pro...
Source: Appetite - June 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: van Strien T, Beijers R, Smeekens S, Winkens LHH, Konttinen H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The social insectivore: Peer and expert influence affect consumer evaluations of insects as food.
Abstract As conventional animal production is a significant contributor to anthropogenic climate change, eating of insects in Western markets has been primarily discussed from an environmental perspective. Following advances in food technology and regulation, edible insects are an emerging research topic not only in environmental sciences, but also in consumer research. To contribute to this rising interest, the present research presents consumer psychological drivers to promote insect consumption based on research on social influence. Two experiments that assessed the influence of peer (Study 1) as well as expert...
Source: Appetite - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Berger S, Christandl F, Bitterlin D, Wyss AM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumers' purchase decisions for products with nutrition and health claims: What role do product category and gaze duration on claims play?
This study aims to contribute to the literature by examining the gaze and purchase behavior of consumers regarding food products with nutrition and health claims. A close-to-realistic purchase situation with three-dimensional food packages with nutrition, health, and taste claims was simulated while the participants' eye movements were measured using head-mounted eye tracking glasses. In the purchase situation, two food categories with differing perceived healthiness were offered, orange juice and milk chocolate. In total, 156 consumers participated in this study which was undertaken in Germany. The findings indicate that ...
Source: Appetite - June 28, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Steinhauser J, Janssen M, Hamm U Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food processing and emotion regulation in vegetarians and omnivores: An event-related potential investigation.
Abstract The present study investigated cognitive reappraisal during exposure to vegetarian and nonvegetarian food cues in food-deprived vegetarian and omnivore participants. In particular, we were interested in clarifying the motivational meaning of the foods that vegetarians avoid, as revealed by self-reported food craving, valence, and arousal, as well as by ERP measures of neural processing during passive viewing and emotional regulation. Twenty-four vegetarians and twenty-one omnivores were instructed to either passively look at the pictures (Watch) or to change the appetitive value of the food (Increase or D...
Source: Appetite - June 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giraldo M, Buodo G, Sarlo M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Why are you eating, mom? Maternal emotional, restrained, and external eating explaining child's eating styles.
This study investigated if three maternal eating styles (emotional eating style, external eating style, and restrained eating style) predict respective eating styles in their child. In particular, we tested if these associations are different in mother-daughter dyads, compared to mother-son dyads. Data were collected twice, at the baseline (Time 1; T1) and at the 10-month follow-up (Time 2; T2), with N = 822 mother-child dyads participating at T1. Children (55% girls, 5-12 years old, M = 8.21, SD = 1.40) were interviewed; mothers (aged 23-59 years old, M = 35.93, SD = 5.24) completed the questionnaire a...
Source: Appetite - June 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zarychta K, Kulis E, Gan Y, Chan CKY, Horodyska K, Luszczynska A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Who are we testing? Self-selection bias in laboratory-based eating behaviour studies.
Abstract Research conducted in controlled laboratory settings plays an important role in understanding human eating behaviour. However, participant characteristics may affect motivation to participate in laboratory eating behaviour research and result in self-selection biases. First-year psychology students (n = 207, 90.8% female, m age = 18.8, m BMI = 21.9) were led to believe that they were choosing between enrolling in one of two laboratory-based studies: an 'advertising' study, or an 'advertising and food' study; the latter specified that participants would consume food and answer questions about t...
Source: Appetite - June 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haynes A, Robinson E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cerebral hunger maps in rodents and humans by diffusion weighted MRI.
, Sánchez-Montañés M Abstract We design, implement and validate a novel image processing strategy to obtain in vivo maps of hunger stimulation in the brain of mice, rats and humans, combining Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWI) datasets from fed and fasted subjects. Hunger maps were obtained from axial/coronal (rodents/humans) brain sections containing the hypothalamus and coplanar cortico-limbic structures using Fisher's Discriminant Analysis of the combined voxel ensembles from both feeding situations. These maps were validated against those provided by the classical mono-exp...
Source: Appetite - June 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Benítez A, Lizarbe B, Guadilla I, López-Larrubia P, Lago-Fernández LF, Cerdán S, Sánchez-Montañés M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: An extended health action process approach.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that adolescent SSB consumption is predicted by intentions and perceived affordability, but effects were extinguished by the inclusion of past behavior. The pervasive effects of past behavior point to the importance of identifying potential mediators of past behavior in future research, and that interventions targeting non-conscious rather than intentional processes may be most effective in reducing SSB consumption. PMID: 31252031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang CQ, Cheuk-Yiu Wong M, Zhang R, Hamilton K, Hagger MS Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "In good company. The effect of an eating companion's appearance on food intake" [Appetite 83 (2014) 263-268].
Corrigendum to "In good company. The effect of an eating companion's appearance on food intake" [Appetite 83 (2014) 263-268]. Appetite. 2019 Jun 24;:104129 Authors: Shimizu M, Johnson K, Wansink B PMID: 31248637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shimizu M, Johnson K, Wansink B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Courtship-feeding in the 'First Dates' restaurant is highly predictive of a second date.
Abstract Food consumption is a common activity for couples when on a date. Sharing food is rated as being indicative of positive/friendly relations. One person feeding another indicates a stronger, often romantic relationship. It has been suggested that this may represent 'courtship' feeding that signals sexual interest. This is a low frequency behaviour however and so, many studies have used a staged interactions approach. This does not however allow the 'courtship' nature of the feeding to be unequivocally determined as there are no measures of outcome. The present study was conducted in an attempt to address th...
Source: Appetite - June 24, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hendrie C, Shirley I Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Investigating the association between stress. Anxiety and geophagy among pregnant women in mwanza, Tanzania.
In this study, we evaluated several measures of maternal stress (general anxiety, Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Scores (10-item revised) and Perceived Stress Scores) and other covariates in relation to geophagic behaviour in early pregnancy in 227 women (12-19 weeks gestation) recruited from two hospitals in the Nyamagana district of Mwanza City, Tanzania. Geophagy was reported by 24.7% of the pregnant women. LASSO regression identified the self-reported treatment of nausea or vomiting during pregnancy (adjusted OR = 3.12, 95%CI: 1.43 to 6.83), paternal education level (adjusted OR = 2.79, 95%CI: 1.32 to 5.87 for prima...
Source: Appetite - June 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yamamoto SS, Premji SS, Nyanza EC, Jahanpour O, MiGHT collaborators Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Watching food-related television increases caloric intake in restrained eaters" [Appetite 57 (2011) 661-664].
Corrigendum to "Watching food-related television increases caloric intake in restrained eaters" [Appetite 57 (2011) 661-664]. Appetite. 2019 Jun 22;:104124 Authors: Shimizu M, Wansink B PMID: 31239149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shimizu M, Wansink B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food choice motivations: Profiling low-carbohydrate, high-fat dieters.
Abstract We sought to determine the motivational profile of low-carbohydrate, high-fat (LCHF) dieters compared to other-dieter and non-dieter groups, in terms of both absolute food choice motivations (FCMs) and relative FCMs (how one motivation is prioritised against others). Participants (N = 330, 287 female, 43 male) completed a 12-scale food choice questionnaire online. Results showed that all three groups prioritised the FCM of health highly. Differences between the dietary groups (adjusting for age) showed that the "LCHF diet" and "other-diet" group rated FCM's weight control and natur...
Source: Appetite - June 20, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Clarke C, Best T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Using repeated visual exposure, rewards and modelling in a mobile application to increase vegetable acceptance in children.
Abstract Children are not consuming the recommended amounts of fruit and vegetables. Repeated visual exposure, modelling, and rewards have been shown to be effective at increasing vegetable acceptance in young children. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of an evidence-based mobile application (Vegetable Maths Masters) which builds on these principles to increase children's liking and acceptance of vegetables. Seventy-four children (37 male, 37 female) aged 3-6 years old were randomised to play with either the vegetable app or a similar control app that did not include any foods. Children played...
Source: Appetite - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Farrow C, Belcher E, Coulthard H, Thomas JM, Lumsden J, Hakobyan L, Haycraft E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Conceptualizing addictive-like eating: A qualitative analysis.
In this study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with ten participants who identified themselves as addicted to food, or to food and eating, to determine how they conceptualized their addictive-like eating. Using thematic analysis, we identified four themes: (1) Social Environment, describing how past and present social environments affected addictive-like eating; (2) Situational Cues, encompassing situational contributions to addictive-like eating; (3) Persistent Cognitions, including preoccupation with food and loss of control; and (4) Impact of Weight, encompassing weight gain and its perceived impact on health, b...
Source: Appetite - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Paterson C, Lacroix E, von Ranson KM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Healthy eating and sustainable nutrition through mindfulness? Mixed method results of a controlled intervention study.
Abstract Mindless eating is at the core of many ecological and social problems associated with modern nutritional behavior. Mindfulness training has been proven to be an efficient means for improving healthy nutrition. First, it enables reconnection with internal hunger and satiety cues, instead of external cues. Second, it supports making deliberate choices against unconscious eating patterns. It is less clear whether training in mindfulness can be similarly effective for sustainable nutritional habits, defined here as socially and ecologically responsible consumption behaviors over the whole consumption cycle. A...
Source: Appetite - June 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stanszus LS, Frank P, Geiger SM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Relationships between observations and parental reports of 3-5 year old children's emotional eating using the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides moderate support for the validity of the EUE scale of the CEBQ in 3-5-year-old children. Further work, including induction of different mood states, is required to explore whether the EOE scale truly captures young children's emotional over-eating. PMID: 31220476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 17, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Blissett J, Farrow C, Haycraft E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects of a liquid breakfast meal with varying doses of plant-based soy protein on appetite profile, energy metabolism and intake.
CONCLUSION: Liquid breakfast meals with higher dose of soy protein reduced energy intake when adjusted by body weight at lunch and was rated as more satiating compared to an isoenergetic CON meal. PMID: 31207253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nepocatych S, Melson CE, Madzima TA, Balilionis G Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Weight-based victimization, eating behaviors, and weight-related health in Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents.
Abstract Weight-based victimization (WBV) is a common form of bullying associated with maladaptive eating, and poor weight-related health. Although sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth experience a number of eating and weight-related health disparities, the link between WBV and these outcomes has not been investigated in this vulnerable population. Data came from the LGBTQ Teen Study, a national survey of SGM adolescents. Participants provided data to assess body mass index (BMI), WBV, sexual identity, gender identity, dieting, binge eating, stress, weight control behaviors, exercise, and stress (N = 9679). ...
Source: Appetite - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Himmelstein MS, Puhl RM, Watson RJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food in correctional facilities: A scoping review.
Abstract In the last 20 years, there has been an exponential increase in research about food in prison. Given this growing interest, it is appropriate to take stock of the field by mapping and synthesizing existing knowledge in order to identify gaps in knowledge and make recommendations for future research. Specifically, the purpose of this scoping review is to understand the experiences of incarcerated people with food in order to inform interventions that will promote positive outcomes for justice-involved individuals and correctional facilities. This review identified 38 peer-reviewed research articles about f...
Source: Appetite - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smoyer AB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cognitive aids and food choice: Real-time calorie counters reduce calories ordered and correct biases in calorie estimates.
Abstract Studies of the effect of calorie information on food choices in food-away-from-home settings have identified minor to insignificant changes in calories ordered. An element of the choice process that may play an important role in influencing the total caloric content of a meal has received little attention: how individuals track the total number of calories selected when choosing multiple items. We study the effects of automating this potentially costly cognitive process using technology. We compare the number of calories ordered in a sequential food choice task in two conditions: one in which participants...
Source: Appetite - June 13, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gustafson CR, Zeballos E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hypothesis awareness as a demand characteristic in laboratory-based eating behaviour research: An experimental study.
Abstract Demand characteristics are thought to undermine the validity of psychological research, but the extent to which participant awareness of study hypotheses affects laboratory-measured eating behaviour studies has received limited attention. Participants (N = 84) attended two laboratory sessions in which food intake was measured. In session 1 baseline food intake was measured. In session 2 participants were allocated to either a 'hypothesis aware' or 'hypothesis unaware' condition. Participants were led to believe in the 'hypothesis aware' condition that they were expected to increase their food intake i...
Source: Appetite - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kersbergen I, Whitelock V, Haynes A, Schroor M, Robinson E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hygge: Food and the construction of safety among incarcerated women in Denmark.
Abstract Knowledge about women's socio-emotional experience of incarceration is sparse. To address this gap in the research, open-ended interviews were conducted with 9 incarcerated women in Denmark. The inquiry focused on their experiences with prison food and eating, including questions about hygge-related practices. Hygge is a cherished part of Danish culture that encourages people to create cozy environments by sharing food and fellowship. While this warm and comforting practice may seem incongruent with prison, contemporary theory about carceral geography suggests a wide range of emotional spaces within priso...
Source: Appetite - June 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smoyer AB, Minke LK Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Drivers of meat consumption.
i S Abstract Increasing global levels of meat consumption are a threat to the environment and to human health. To identify measures that may change consumption patterns towards more plant-based foods, it is necessary to improve our understanding of the causes behind the demand for meat. In this paper we use data from 137 different countries to identify and assess factors that influence meat consumption at the national level using a cross-country multivariate regression analysis. We specify either total meat or ruminant meat as the dependent variable and we consider a broad range of potential drivers of meat consum...
Source: Appetite - June 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Milford AB, Le Mouël C, Bodirsky BL, Rolinski S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations of childhood trauma with food addiction and insulin resistance in African-American women with diabetes mellitus.
Abstract Food addiction (FA) describes a group of disordered eating behaviors. Childhood trauma has been associated with adult FA and trauma has known effects on the endocrine system, but it is unclear whether FA is associated with insulin resistance. We hypothesized that severity of childhood trauma will be associated with FA and higher insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in a sample of obese women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and that FA will mediate the association between childhood trauma and HOMA-IR. Women with a diagnosis of T2DM (N = 73; MBMI = 35.86, SDBMI = 7.72; Mage = 50.59, SDage =...
Source: Appetite - June 8, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stojek MM, Maples-Keller J, Dixon HD, Umpierrez GE, Gillespie CF, Michopoulos V Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The influence of sex and self-control on the efficacy of nudges in lowering the energy content of food during a fast food order.
Abstract An experiment aimed at reducing calorie content of food was performed by introducing interventions at the fast food ordering screen on a tablet computer. Modifications included a virtual order assistant, a color-coded system and highlighting low-calorie choices. Participants of the study were 401 university students. Before starting an order, participants were asked to indicate their calorie goal. Our results show that the order assistant is the only intervention that leads to significantly fewer calories in the fast food order. The effect is due to women ordering fewer high-calorie dishes. Men, in contra...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mohr B, Dolgopolova I, Roosen J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Validation of the Infant Feeding Beliefs Questionnaire (IFBQ) among pregnant African- American women and their study partners.
This study validates a scale, the Infant Feeding Beliefs Questionnaire (IFBQ), to assess feeding beliefs during pregnancy among African-American women and other caregivers and tests whether the resulting belief constructs (laissez-faire, restrictive, responsive, pressuring and indulgent) are associated with maternal and NMC characteristics. Data come from 429 pregnant women and 374 NMCs including fathers, grandmothers and other family and friends enrolled in the baseline 28-week gestation visit of the Mothers and Others Study, a family-based, randomized control trial to support healthy infant feeding and prevent obesity. C...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thompson AL, Wasser H, Bentley ME Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

They took it but Didn't eat it: Elementary school students rejection of cafeteria food.
PMID: 31176648 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Moreno-Black G, Homchampa P, Stockard J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research