Changes in parental feeding practices and preschoolers' food habits following a randomized controlled childhood obesity trial.
Abstract Childhood obesity treatment involving parents is most effective during the preschool age. However, the mechanisms of change are not known. The present study reports on secondary outcomes (changes in parental feeding practices and child food habits) of early obesity treatment. The More and Less study is a randomized controlled trial conducted in Stockholm County, Sweden. Children with obesity (n = 174, mean BMI SDS 3.0, mean age 5 years, 56% girls) and their parents (60% with foreign background, 40% with a university degree) were randomized to: 1) standard treatment focusing on lifestyle recommendation...
Source: Appetite - May 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Somaraki M, Eli K, Sorjonen K, Ek A, Sandvik P, Nowicka P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Validation of a Virtual Reality Buffet environment to assess food selection processes among emerging adults.
Abstract Emerging adulthood is a critical developmental period for examining food- and eating-related behaviors as long-term weight-related behavioral patterns are established. Virtual reality (VR) technology is a promising tool for basic and applied research on eating and food-related processes. Thus, the present study tested the validity and user perceptions of a highly immersive and realistic VR food buffet by: (a) comparing participants' food selections made in the VR buffet and real-world (RW) food buffet cafeteria one-week apart, and (b) assessing participants' rated perceptions of their VR experience (0-100...
Source: Appetite - May 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cheah CSL, Barman S, Vu KTT, Jung SE, Mandalapu V, Masterson TD, Zuber RJ, Boot L, Gong J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations between sleep duration and dietary quality: Results from a nationally-representative survey of US adults.
In conclusion, within a nationally-representative US survey, a reverse U-shaped association was observed between sleep duration and dietary quality. PMID: 32442470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jansen EC, Prather A, Leung CW Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Chronic high-fat diet affects food-motivated behavior and hedonic systems in the nucleus accumbens of male rats.
Abstract Environmental variations can influence eating and motivated behaviors, as well as the brain's feeding circuits to predisposing overweight and obesity. The identification of mechanisms through which a long-term consumption of caloric-dense palatable foods and its association with early life stress can cause neuroadaptations and possible modify motivational behaviors are relevant to elucidate the mechanisms associated with obesity. Here, we investigated the long-term effects of a chronic high-fat diet (HFD), and its interaction with early social isolation on hedonic feeding responses in adult rats. Rats wer...
Source: Appetite - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Arcego DM, Krolow R, Lampert C, Toniazzo AP, Garcia EDS, Lazzaretti C, Costa G, Scorza C, Dalmaz C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effects of imaginary eating on visual food cue reactivity: An event-related potential study.
Abstract Previous research has demonstrated that imagining consumption of a specific type of food helps individuals to consume less of that food. The present event-related potential study aimed at investigating the underlying neural correlates of this appetite-reducing strategy. A total of 86 women (mean age = 23.65 years) were randomly assigned to one of three imagination conditions. In each condition, they listened to a guided imagery script that either described the eating of 30 colorful button-shaped chocolates (M&Ms), the sorting of 30 M&Ms by color, or the sorting of 30 marbles by color. Subseq...
Source: Appetite - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zorjan S, Schwab D, Schienle A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Sucking behavior in typical and challenging feedings in association with weight gain from birth to 4  Months in full-term infants.
Sucking behavior in typical and challenging feedings in association with weight gain from birth to 4 Months in full-term infants. Appetite. 2020 May 18;:104745 Authors: Lumeng JC, Weeks HM, Asta K, Sturza J, Kaciroti NA, Miller AL, Rosenblum K, Gearhardt A Abstract Sucking behavior has been described as an obesity risk marker. Sucking behavior in response to challenge has not been examined as a prospective predictor of infant weight gain. Healthy, full term infants had sucking behavior assessed at ages 2 weeks and/or 2 months via a sucking pressure measurement device in two feeding conditions: durin...
Source: Appetite - May 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lumeng JC, Weeks HM, Asta K, Sturza J, Kaciroti NA, Miller AL, Rosenblum K, Gearhardt A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"Do you think adolescents' food intake is satisfactory?" - Views of Indian parents and teachers.
Discussion of the advantages of consuming healthy foods and inclusion of food preparation techniques in the school curriculum; iv) Home Economics coursework to be made mandatory for students. The findings suggest that Indian parents and teachers are likely to support changes to the food and nutrition curricula and to school food provision to foster healthy eating among adolescents. PMID: 32428536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rathi N, Riddell L, Worsley A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food disgust sensitivity influences the perception of food hazards: Results from longitudinal and cross-cultural studies.
Abstract Two survey studies, one conducted in Switzerland and the other in nine countries, suggest that food disgust sensitivity is a personality variable that influences the perception of food hazards. For a large Swiss sample (N = 2813), we found that participants having higher food disgust sensitivity perceived more risks compared with participants having lower disgust sensitivity. A longitudinal analysis further suggests that changes in the participants' disgust sensitivity result in changes in the perception of food hazards. A second survey was conducted in Australia, China, England, France, Mexico, South...
Source: Appetite - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Siegrist M, Bearth A, Hartmann C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

What can families gain from the family meal? A mixed-papers systematic review.
The objectives of this systematic review were to determine the causal relationship between family meals and health and wellbeing and explore family members' perceptions of the family meal. A systematic search across five databases was undertaken to identify both intervention studies and qualitative studies investigating the family meal. Thirty-two articles were deemed eligible for inclusion in this review. Qualitative data were synthesised via the meta-aggregation approach; however, the quantitative data were too heterogeneous to perform meta-analysis. Only one intervention included in this review exclusively targeted the ...
Source: Appetite - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Middleton G, Golley R, Patterson K, Le Moal F, Coveney J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The meaning of meat: (Un)sustainable eating practices at home and out of home.
Abstract Many sociological accounts of life in the 21st century include reflections on the dissolution of distinctions between the public and private sphere, aided by social media and information technology. In this paper, we argue that everyday practices around the consumption of food continue to display strong home/out-of-home divisions, especially regarding the consumption of meat and its deeply rooted social meanings. Using data from a German online survey on food preparation and consumption practices, we report and critically examine empirical evidence of significant differences between public and private foo...
Source: Appetite - May 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Biermann G, Rau H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development of a measure of the relative reinforcing value of food versus parent-child interaction for young children.
Abstract The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food captures individual differences in the motivation to eat and is associated with weight status among infants, children, and adults. Currently, there is no concurrent measure of the RRV of food versus a non-food alternative for 4-to-5-year-old children. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure of the RRV of food versus time spent interacting with a parent in the context of reading among 4-to-5-year-old children. The first phase of the study involved an online survey. Parents of 4-to-5-year-olds (n = 102) reported their children's consumption ...
Source: Appetite - May 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Savell M, Eiden RD, Kong KL, Tauriello S, Epstein L, Fabiano G, Reardon K, Anzman-Frasca S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to 'Negative and positive emotional eating uniquely interact with ease of activation, intensity, and duration of emotional reactivity to predict increased binge eating'. [Appetite, 151 (2020) 1-10/104688].
PMID: 32387027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Barnhart WR, Braden AL, Jordan AK Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of presenting relative calorie information on calories ordered.
Abstract In this research, we tested the effect of a novel method of presenting calorie information-highlighting relative differences in calories among ingredients. We conducted an online hypothetical food choice experiment where 633 participants selected the ingredients for a sandwich from five categories: meat/protein, cheese, spread/dressing, bread, and vegetables. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of four calorie information conditions: 1) a condition in which no information about calories was provided, 2) a condition in which calorie information was provided for each ingredient, 3) a condition in ...
Source: Appetite - May 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gustafson CR, Zeballos E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How would you define healthy food? Social representations of Brazilian, French and Spanish dietitians and young laywomen.
This study seeks to understand the social representations of "healthy food" of Brazilian, Spanish and French dietitians and young laywomen. A qualitative and comparative methodology based on 131 individual semi-structured interviews was set up. According to the analysis of the discourses, the notion of "healthy food" is ambivalent and polysemic. Scientific-nutritional rationality is not the only way to think about "healthy food". Two main ways of categorising "healthy foods" are observed in the three countries. They are based on eating analysis criteria that referred to diverse value...
Source: Appetite - May 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Clara de Moraes Prata Gaspar M, Garcia AM, Larrea-Killinger C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Multi-method evidence for a dual-pathway perspective of self-regulation in loss of control over eating among adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide multi-method evidence for the dual-pathway account of self-regulation in LOC among adolescents. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID: 32387199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - May 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Van Malderen E, Goossens L, Verbeken S, Kemps E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Mothers' feeding profiles among overweight, normal weight and underweight Chinese preschoolers.
Abstract We adopted a person-centered approach to identify maternal feeding profiles among urban Chinese mothers of preschoolers, including two previously unexamined culturally-emphasized practices, and examine the associations between these feeding profiles and child and parent characteristics. Participants included 167 mothers and their preschoolers residing in Shanghai, China. Mothers reported on their feeding beliefs and practices, perceptions of child's body shapes, child dietary intake, and family demographic information. The hierarchical clustering method revealed 3 feeding clusters: uninvolved feeding (35....
Source: Appetite - May 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou N, Cheah CSL, Wang G, Tan TX Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food-based social comparisons influence liking and consumption.
This study examined the effects of food-based social comparisons on hedonic ratings and consumption of a meal. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions in which they were led to believe that they got a worse meal, a better meal, or the same meal as another participant. They then tasted and rated their own meal. Subsequent liking and ad lib food consumption were measured. Participants who were told that another person got a better meal than they did (upward comparison) liked their meal less than if they were told that another person received either the same meal as they did or a worse meal...
Source: Appetite - April 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mills JS, Polivy J, Iqbal A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Anticipation of 24  h severe energy restriction increases energy intake and reduces physical activity energy expenditure in the prior 24 h, in healthy males.
Anticipation of 24 h severe energy restriction increases energy intake and reduces physical activity energy expenditure in the prior 24 h, in healthy males. Appetite. 2020 Apr 26;:104719 Authors: James R, James LJ, Clayton DJ Abstract Intermittent fasting involves alternating between severely restricted and unrestricted energy intake. Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) is reduced during, and energy intake is elevated after, a period of energy restriction, but whether these are altered in anticipation of energy restriction is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess energy intake and P...
Source: Appetite - April 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: James R, James LJ, Clayton DJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Fish as an alternative protein - A consumer-oriented perspective on its role in a transition towards more healthy and sustainable diets.
g H Abstract Fish has several benefits that make it a desirable part of a healthy diet. It is also a high-protein product that can be used as a relatively efficient meat replacer. Both from a health and sustainability perspective, however, it is important to consider the optimum number of fish servings per week and to examine whether fish and plant protein can be brought under the same heading of alternative protein sources. To explore the consumer perspective on these issues, this paper draws on a brief literature study and a re-analysis of survey data from the Netherlands collected earlier. The hypothesis was th...
Source: Appetite - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: de Boer J, Schösler H, Aiking H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The snack that has it all: People's associations with ideal snacks.
Abstract Although many people intend to eat healthily, their actual snacking behavior is often marked by a high consumption of calorie-dense, unhealthy snacks. One reason for this discrepancy may be that people tend to associate unhealthy food with tasty food, preventing them to follow up on their healthy snacking goals. To support people in snacking more healthily according to their intentions, there is an urgent need to better understand how people perceive the 'ideal snack', which may eventually be used to make healthy snacks more attractive. In the present research, we aim to elucidate conceptions of ideal sna...
Source: Appetite - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schlinkert C, Gillebaart M, Benjamins J, Poelman M, de Ridder D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Foraging minds in modern environments: High-calorie and savory-taste biases in human food spatial memory.
Abstract Human memory may show sensitivity to content that carried fitness-relevance throughout evolutionary history. We investigated whether biases in human food spatial memory exist and influence the eating behavior of individuals within the modern food environment. In two lab studies with distinct samples of 88 participants, individuals had to re-locate foods on a map in a computer-based spatial memory task using visual (Study 1) or olfactory (Study 2) cues that signaled sweet and savory high- and low-calorie foods. Individuals consistently displayed an enhanced memory for locations of high-calorie and savory-t...
Source: Appetite - April 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: de Vries R, de Vet E, de Graaf K, Boesveldt S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

We are what we (think we) eat: The effect of expected satiety on subsequent calorie consumption.
Abstract Varying expected satiety (ES) for equi-calorie portions of different foods can affect subsequent feelings of hunger and fullness and alter consumption. To our knowledge, no study has manipulated ES for an equal portion of the same solid food, appetite has not been measured>3 h and studies have not consistently measure later consumption. It is also unclear whether changes in hunger, fullness or later consumption are related to a physiological response. The aims of this study were to use the same solid food, to measure participants' response over a 4-h inter-meal period, to measure later consumption an...
Source: Appetite - April 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brown SD, Duncan J, Crabtree D, Powell D, Hudson M, Allan JL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Sociodemographic determinants of healthy behaviors among Brazilian adolescents: Trends in physical activity and food consumption 2009-2015" [Appetite 144 (1 January 2020) 104454].
Corrigendum to "Sociodemographic determinants of healthy behaviors among Brazilian adolescents: Trends in physical activity and food consumption 2009-2015" [Appetite 144 (1 January 2020) 104454]. Appetite. 2020 Apr 20;:104716 Authors: Haddad MR, Sarti FM PMID: 32321660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Haddad MR, Sarti FM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations of parental feeding practices and food reward responsiveness with adolescent stress-eating.
In this study, we conducted secondary data analyses to evaluate how parental feeding practices and adolescents' food reward responsiveness related to adolescents' stress-eating during a laboratory test meal. Participants were 90 healthy adolescents (50% female), 12-17 years of age (M = 14.3, SD = 1.7 years), at risk for excess weight gain (BMI percentile M = 92.7, SD = 7.5). Parental feeding behaviors were assessed with parent-report on the Child Feeding Questionnaire-Adolescent Version. Adolescents' relative reward value of food was measured with a behavioral task. Stress-eating was assessed as total energ...
Source: Appetite - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smith AD, Sanchez N, Reynolds C, Casamassima M, Verros M, Annameier SK, Melby C, Johnson SA, Lucas-Thompson RG, Shomaker LB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Nudging while online grocery shopping: A randomized feasibility trial to enhance nutrition in individuals with food insecurity.
This study assessed the feasibility and initial efficacy of a prefilled online grocery shopping cart (i.e., default option) in promoting healthier grocery purchases in individuals with food insecurity. Fifty participants recruited from food pantries in New York in 2018 were randomized to review nutrition information before purchasing groceries online (n = 23) or modify a prefilled, nutritionally balanced online shopping cart (n = 27) based on a budget corresponding to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits. Compared to nutrition education, the default shopping cart resulted in the purchase of significan...
Source: Appetite - April 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Coffino JA, Udo T, Hormes JM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Modification of food preferences by posthypnotic suggestions: An event-related brain potential study.
Abstract The preference for high-over low-calorie food and difficulties in inhibiting the desire for high-calorie food are important factors involved in unhealthy food choices. Here, we explored posthypnotic suggestions (PHS), aiming to increase the desire for vegetables and fruits, as a possible new tool to induce a preference for low-calorie food. Following the termination of hypnosis, PHS was activated and deactivated in counterbalanced order, while event-related brain-potentials were recorded. Two tasks were administered, a food-face classification measuring implicit food preferences, where stimuli were catego...
Source: Appetite - April 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zahedi A, Luczak A, Sommer W Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A broad-spectrum review on multimodal neuroimaging in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.
We describe the role of different neuroimaging techniques (magnetic resonance imaging, both structural and functional, positron emission tomography, single-photon emission computerized tomography, electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography) in the delineation of pathophysiological aspects of BN and BED. Results highlight the main involvement of the frontal system and its relationships with temporal areas for reward and self-regulatory processes modulation. The network that regulates food-stimuli control seems to be widespread across the brain, catching the insula, precentral gyrus, frontal cortex and extending until...
Source: Appetite - April 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mele G, Alfano V, Cotugno A, Longarzo M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of attentional bias toward food in individuals with overweight and obesity.
Abstract Attentional bias to food stimuli may contribute to the etiology and/or maintenance of overweight and obesity. We conducted a literature review and meta-analysis per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines to identify the effect size associated with attentional bias to palatable food in persons with overweight/obesity across the age spectrum. Included studies measured attentional bias to food stimuli using two reaction-time tasks (dot-probe, emotional Stroop), eye-tracking methodology, and/or event-related potentials. Meta-analysis showed that persons with...
Source: Appetite - April 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hagan KE, Alasmar A, Exum A, Chinn B, Forbush KT Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Caloric compensation and appetite control in children of different weight status and predisposition to obesity.
We examined caloric compensation and appetite control in 212 normal-weight (NW) and obese (OB) children, ages 7 to 9, who were at high risk (HR) or low risk (LR) for obesity based on maternal obesity. In a within-subjects crossover design, children ate breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks in the laboratory once a week for two weeks. Children's percentage compensation index (%COMPX) was computed at breakfast. Twenty-five minutes before breakfast, children received one of two compulsory preloads, which varied in energy density (ED) and caloric content [Low ED (LED): 1.00 kcal/g; 100 kcal; High ED (HED): 1.60 kcal/g; 16...
Source: Appetite - April 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kral TVE, Moore RH, Chittams J, O'Malley L, Jones E, Quinn RJ, Fisher JO Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food cravings: Associations with dietary intake and metabolic health.
This study used baseline data from females (n = 229; aged 40.9 ± 0.7 years; BMI 34.7 ± 6.4 kg/m2) who were dependents of active duty and retired military personnel, and enrolled in the Healthy Families Healthy Forces weight loss and maintenance study. Measures obtained included food cravings using the Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (which provides a habitual and stable measure of food cravings), dietary composition and eating patterns from three 24-h dietary recalls and the Stanford 7-day Physical Activity Recall, body composition from anthropometric measures, cardiometabolic risk factors from...
Source: Appetite - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Taetzsch A, Roberts SB, Gilhooly CH, Lichtenstein AH, Krauss AJ, Bukhari A, Martin E, Hatch-McChesney A, Das SK Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Mediators of intervention effects on dietary fat intake in low-income overweight or obese women with young children.
Abstract PURPOSE: We investigated whether autonomous motivation and self-efficacy might mediate the association between a lifestyle behavior intervention and dietary fat intake in low-income overweight or obese women with young children. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an intervention or comparison group. Intervention participants received a 16-week intervention aimed to prevent weight gain through promotion of stress management, healthy eating and physical activity. During the intervention phase, participants viewed a designated video lesson at home and dialed in a peer support group teleconference ...
Source: Appetite - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chang MW, Tan A, Ling J, Wegener DT, Robbins LB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Emotional eating in patients attending a specialist obesity treatment service.
CONCLUSION: Emotional eating affected more than half of people referred for obesity treatment. Age, sex, use of GLP-1 agonists, history of sleeve gastrectomy and recent bariatric surgery had the strongest associations with EE. These findings allow hypothesis generation about the underlying physiological mechanisms behind emotional eating for investigation in future research. PMID: 32283188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wong L, Stammers L, Churilov L, Price S, Ekinci E, Sumithran P Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Changing food preferences among a former hunter-gatherer group in Namibia.
auml; A Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify, describe and conceptualize the present drivers of food choices and preferences of the Khwe San indigenous peoples by considering influences of their historical and cultural contexts. Data were collected in Eastern Bwabwata National Park in Namibia using a range of qualitative methods: semi-structured and structured interviews and free listing. The various drivers of food choices have been clustered into four levels of the ecological conceptual framework. Key factors, found to be driving participants' food choices, were the following: taste, hunger, health...
Source: Appetite - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Heim A, Pyhälä A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Momentary changes in heart rate variability can detect risk for emotional eating episodes.
Abstract Emotion dysregulation is a known risk factor for a variety of maladaptive eating behaviors, including emotional eating (Crockett, Myhre, & Rokke, 2015; Evers et al., 2010; Lavender et al., 2015). New passive sensing technologies offer the prospect of detecting emotion dysregulation in real-time through measurement of heart rate variability (HRV), a transdiagnostic bio-signal of emotion regulation, which may in turn signal risk of engaging in a maladaptive eating behavior. In the current study, our primary aim was to test the hypothesis that momentary changes in HRV can be used to detect risk of experi...
Source: Appetite - April 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Juarascio AS, Crochiere RJ, Tapera TM, Palermo M, Zhang F Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Optimal defaults as a strategy to improve selections from Children's Menus in full-service theme park dining.
This study further supports the effectiveness of optimal defaults to increase healthy food choices for children. PMID: 32277951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dalrymple JC, Radnitz C, Loeb KL, Keller KL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The (bitter) sweet taste of nudge effectiveness: The Role of habits in a portion size nudge, a proof of concept study.
Abstract Seemingly insignificant daily practices, such as sugar usage in tea, can have a great accumulated impact on societal issues, such as obesity. That is why these behaviours are often the target of nudge interventions. However, when these behaviours are performed frequently they may turn into habits that are difficult to change. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a portion size nudge has the potential to work in accordance with (instead of against) existing habits. Specifically, it was tested whether a portion size nudge would be more effective in reducing the amount of sugar added to te...
Source: Appetite - April 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Venema TAG, Kroese FM, Verplanken B, de Ridder DTD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Cultural values and ethnic identity are important considerations in the link between emotion dysregulation and loss of control eating in Asian/Asian American men.
DISCUSSION: Although mechanistic and prospective studies are needed, these findings provide support for the affect regulation model of LOC eating in Asian/Asian American men and suggest that there are culture-specific factors that may be relevant to the development and/or maintenance of this disordered eating behavior. PMID: 32268162 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Guidinger C, Williamson G, Kelly NR Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A high perceptual load task reduces thoughts about chocolate, even while hungry.
Abstract Intrusive thoughts about food can trigger cravings and result in unhealthy eating behaviour. Here we tested whether Load Theory of attention can be applied to the eating behaviour literature and reduce intrusive appetitive-related thoughts. Load Theory predicts that high levels of perceptual load in a task exhaust attentional capacity and so reduces interference from a range of stimuli, including intrusive thoughts. Therefore, this study aimed to test whether perceptual load reduced appetitive-related intrusive thoughts about chocolate. Sixty female participants were first given a chocolate bar to interac...
Source: Appetite - April 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Morris J, Keith Ngai MY, Yeomans MR, Forster S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food waste concerns, eating behaviour and body weight.
Abstract Consumer food waste is now a significant social issue. However, given that the modern day food environment has become characterised by larger portion sizes of more energy-dense foods, personal concerns about wasting food may result in eating behaviours that promote excess energy intake and weight gain. Across 3 studies, we developed a brief (5-item) measure to quantify concerns about food waste and examined the relationships between food waste concerns, eating behaviour and body weight. In Study 1, we showed that our 5-item measure of food waste concerns has acceptable convergent and divergent validity, a...
Source: Appetite - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sheen F, Hardman CA, Robinson E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Processed food consumption is associated with diet quality, but not weight status, in a sample of low-income and ethnically diverse elementary school children.
Abstract Excess consumption of highly processed foods may be associated with lower diet quality and obesity prevalence, but few studies have examined these relationships in children from low-income households. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between food consumption by processing category, diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of low-income children. Data from a study assessing the impact of Summer Food Service participation on diet quality and weight status (N = 131) was used to conduct a cross-section...
Source: Appetite - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bleiweiss-Sande R, Sacheck JM, Chui K, Goldberg JP, Bailey C, Evans EW Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Temperament profiles are associated with dietary behavior from childhood to adulthood.
This study examined the association of toddlerhood temperament with dietary behavior and dietary intervention outcomes across 18 years. METHODS: The study comprised 660 children (52% boys) from The Special Turku Intervention Project (STRIP), which is a longitudinal randomized controlled trial from the age of 7 months until the age of 20 years (1990-2010). Temperament was assessed using Carey temperament scales when the participants were 2 years of age. Latent profile analysis yielded three temperament groups, which were called negative/low regulation (19% of the children), neutral/average regulation (52%) and positive...
Source: Appetite - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lipsanen J, Elovainio M, Hakulinen C, Tremblay MS, Rovio S, Lagström H, Jaakkola JM, Jula A, Rönnemaa T, Viikari J, Niinikoski H, Simell O, Raitakari OT, Pahkala K, Pulkki-Råback L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Social norm nudges in shopping trolleys to promote vegetable purchases: A quasi-experimental study in a supermarket in a deprived urban area in the Netherlands.
CONCLUSIONS: This quasi-experimental study showed that a nudge inlay in shopping trolleys communicating a social norm on vegetable purchases and indicating a distinct place to put vegetables in the trolley increased vegetable purchases among supermarket customers. PMID: 32247896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Huitink M, Poelman MP, van den Eynde E, Seidell JC, Dijkstra SC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Body-related discrimination and dieting and substance use behaviors in adolescence.
Abstract Unfair treatment on the basis of a physical characteristic, such as body weight, is associated with unhealthy dieting behaviors in adolescence and adulthood and has also been implicated in substance use. Peer victimization is likewise associated with these health-risk behaviors. It is unclear, however, whether body discrimination is associated with these behaviors independent of peer victimization. The present research uses data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) to test the relation between body discrimination and dieting and substance use behaviors in adolescence and test whether ...
Source: Appetite - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sutin AR, Stephan Y, Robinson E, Daly M, Terracciano A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Teaching people to eat according to appetite - Does the method of glucose measurement matter?
Abstract BACKGROUND: Hunger training teaches people to eat according to their appetite using pre-prandial glucose measurement. Previous hunger training interventions used fingerprick blood glucose, however continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) offers a painless and convenient form of glucose monitoring. The aim of this randomised feasibility trial was to compare hunger training using CGM with fingerprick glucose monitoring in terms of adherence to the protocol, acceptability, weight, body composition, HbA1c, psychosocial variables, and the relationship between adherence measures and weight loss. METHODS: 40 adu...
Source: Appetite - April 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jospe MR, de Bruin WE, Haszard JJ, Mann JI, Brunton M, Taylor RW Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Analysis of differences in eating alone attitude of Koreans by dietary habits and age.
This study compares differences in eating alone attitude according to dietary habits and age in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do region in South Korea. Out of total 411 participants, 207(50.4%) were males and 204(49.6%) were females. 30 types of eating alone attitude were identified to perform a factor analysis; further these 30 types of attitudes were categorized into 8 factors termed as: 'enjoyable eating alone', 'eating alone as a daily routine', 'healthy eating alone', 'self-conscious eating alone', 'choose what I want', 'efficient eating alone', 'lonely eating alone', and 'solo dining'. Our investigation on the link between diet...
Source: Appetite - April 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lee EJ, Lee KR, Ju-Yeon K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Japanese version of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire for Children.
This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the 20-item Japanese version of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire for Children (DEBQ-C). A population-based sample of 502 Japanese school children who were fifth- and sixth-graders in elementary schools and first and second graders in junior high schools was assessed. A sample was randomly split into two subsamples, one for exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and another for confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Internal consistency estimates for subscales (restrained, emotional, and external) were evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Measurement invariance was exa...
Source: Appetite - March 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ohara K, Nakamura H, Kouda K, Fujita Y, Momoi K, Mase T, Miyawaki C, Iki M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Negative and positive emotional eating uniquely interact with ease of activation, intensity, and duration of emotional reactivity to predict increased binge eating.
Abstract Binge eating is present in obesity and clinical eating disorder populations and positively associated with poor health outcomes. Emotional eating may be related to binge eating, but relationships with emotional reactivity remain unexplored. The present study examined the relationships between negative and positive emotional eating and emotional reactivity in predicting binge eating. A cross-sectional study was employed using an online community sample in the United States. Participants (N = 258) completed surveys assessing negative (Emotional Eating Scale-Revised, depression subscale) and positive emo...
Source: Appetite - March 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Barnhart WR, Braden AL, Jordan AK Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Influence of hunger on attentional engagement with and disengagement from pictorial food cues in women with a healthy weight.
Abstract Because of inconsistencies in the field of attentional bias to food cues in eating behavior, this study aimed to re-examine the assumption that hungry healthy weight individuals have an attentional bias to food cues, but satiated healthy weight individuals do not. Since attentional engagement and attentional disengagement have been proposed to play a distinct role in behavior, we used a performance measure that is specifically designed to differentiate between these two attentional processes. Participants were healthy weight women who normally eat breakfast. In the satiated condition (n = 54), partici...
Source: Appetite - March 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jonker NC, Bennik EC, de Lang TA, de Jong PJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Which strategies to manage problem foods were related to weight loss in a randomized clinical trial?
Abstract Individuals managing their weight are often faced with problem foods that are difficult to resist eating. In the context of a weight-loss intervention, we characterized the most commonly reported problem foods and the behavioral strategies used to manage them, and examined which strategies were related to weight loss. Women with overweight and obesity (N = 186) participated in a one-year randomized trial of three interventions (NCT01474759): standard advice to eat less food, choosing portions based on energy density, and using pre-portioned foods. At Months 0, 6, and 12 of the trial, participants list...
Source: Appetite - March 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Roe LS, Rolls BJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Social representations of breastfeeding and infant formula: An exploratory study with mothers and health professionals to inform policy making.
acute;n C, Bove I Abstract Although several efforts to promote breastfeeding have been implemented worldwide, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life remains low. One of the factors responsible for this trend is the widespread sales and marketing of breast-milk substitutes. In this context, the present work aimed at exploring mothers and health professionals' social representations of breastfeeding and infant formula. The study was conducted in Montevideo (Uruguay), as part of the periodic assessment performed by the Uruguayan government to monitor the marketing of breast-milk subst...
Source: Appetite - March 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ares G, Girona A, Rodríguez R, Vidal L, Iragola V, Machín L, de León C, Bove I Tags: Appetite Source Type: research