Gut hormones, adipokines, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines/markers in loss of control eating: A scoping review
In conclusion, this review identified potential biomarkers of LOC eating. Future studies would benefit from a direct focus on LOC eating (especially in the bariatric population), using longitudinal designs, exploring potential mediators and moderators, and increased inclusion of the male population.PMID:34111480 | DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2021.105442 (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 10, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang Yu I Diana Fernandez Ying Meng Wenjuan Zhao Susan W Groth Source Type: research

Changes in sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, body image, eating attitudes and behaviours, physical activity, and quality of life in students before and during COVID-19 lockdown
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the majority of students cope with lockdown-related situation well. However, based on the Tripartite influence model, we can speculate that a drastic increase in the internalization of stereotyped thin/low body fat ideals might trigger body image concerns and increase disordered eating after the lockdown. Specific interventions helping students to decrease internalization of stereotyped body ideals, to promote positive body image and physical activity may be beneficial during and after the COVID-19-related lockdown.PMID:34107292 | DOI:10.1016/j.appet.2021.105452 (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - June 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Migle Baceviciene Rasa Jankauskiene Source Type: research

Are fathers' and mothers' food parenting practices differentially associated with children's eating behaviors?
This study examined associations between paternal and maternal FPPs and eating behaviors among children aged 5-12 years. A sample of 565 parents (53% fathers) completed: 1) the FPP item bank, which measured 11 FPP constructs from the three domains of parenting (control, autonomy promotion, and structure) and 2) the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ), to assess four constructs (emotional overeating, food responsiveness, satiety responsiveness and food fussiness). Multivariable linear regressions evaluated associations between FPP and CEBQ constructs, and models were run separately for fathers and mothers. Simil...
Source: Appetite - June 9, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Olivia De-Jongh Gonz ález Claire N Tugault-Lafleur Teresia M O'Connor Sheryl O Hughes Louise C M âsse Source Type: research

Beyond price and income: Preferences and food values in peri-urban Viet Nam
The objective of this mixed methods research was to identify the relative importance of preferences for different food quality attributes (e.g. nutrition, food safety, price and convenience) that might influence shopping habits and food choice in the context of a rapidly changing peri-urban food environment in Hanoi Province, Viet Nam. A total of 264 women were randomly selected and interviewed using Best-Worst Scaling to elicit preferences among food quality attributes for different food groups (leafy green vegetables, fruits, instant foods, snack foods). A subset of these respondents (n = 40) participated in focus group ...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Winnie Bell Jennifer Coates Jessica Fanzo Norbert L W Wilson William A Masters Source Type: research

Identifying behavioral types of dietary lapse from a mobile weight loss program: Preliminary investigation from a secondary data analysis
Appetite. 2021 Jun 4:105440. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105440. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSuccess in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs depends on adherence to the recommended diet to reduce caloric intake. Dietary lapses (i.e., deviations from the BWL diet) occur frequently and can adversely affect weight loss outcomes. Research indicates that lapse behavior is heterogenous; there are many eating behaviors that could constitute a dietary lapse, but they are rarely studied as distinct contributors to weight outcomes. This secondary analysis aims to evaluate six behavioral lapse types during a 10-week mobile BWL progr...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie P Goldstein J Graham Thomas Leslie A Brick Fengqing Zhang Evan M Forman Source Type: research

Beyond price and income: Preferences and food values in peri-urban Viet Nam
The objective of this mixed methods research was to identify the relative importance of preferences for different food quality attributes (e.g. nutrition, food safety, price and convenience) that might influence shopping habits and food choice in the context of a rapidly changing peri-urban food environment in Hanoi Province, Viet Nam. A total of 264 women were randomly selected and interviewed using Best-Worst Scaling to elicit preferences among food quality attributes for different food groups (leafy green vegetables, fruits, instant foods, snack foods). A subset of these respondents (n = 40) participated in focus group ...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Winnie Bell Jennifer Coates Jessica Fanzo Norbert L W Wilson William A Masters Source Type: research

Identifying behavioral types of dietary lapse from a mobile weight loss program: Preliminary investigation from a secondary data analysis
Appetite. 2021 Jun 4:105440. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105440. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSuccess in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs depends on adherence to the recommended diet to reduce caloric intake. Dietary lapses (i.e., deviations from the BWL diet) occur frequently and can adversely affect weight loss outcomes. Research indicates that lapse behavior is heterogenous; there are many eating behaviors that could constitute a dietary lapse, but they are rarely studied as distinct contributors to weight outcomes. This secondary analysis aims to evaluate six behavioral lapse types during a 10-week mobile BWL progr...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie P Goldstein J Graham Thomas Leslie A Brick Fengqing Zhang Evan M Forman Source Type: research

Beyond price and income: Preferences and food values in peri-urban Viet Nam
The objective of this mixed methods research was to identify the relative importance of preferences for different food quality attributes (e.g. nutrition, food safety, price and convenience) that might influence shopping habits and food choice in the context of a rapidly changing peri-urban food environment in Hanoi Province, Viet Nam. A total of 264 women were randomly selected and interviewed using Best-Worst Scaling to elicit preferences among food quality attributes for different food groups (leafy green vegetables, fruits, instant foods, snack foods). A subset of these respondents (n = 40) participated in focus group ...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Winnie Bell Jennifer Coates Jessica Fanzo Norbert L W Wilson William A Masters Source Type: research

Identifying behavioral types of dietary lapse from a mobile weight loss program: Preliminary investigation from a secondary data analysis
Appetite. 2021 Jun 4:105440. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105440. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSuccess in behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs depends on adherence to the recommended diet to reduce caloric intake. Dietary lapses (i.e., deviations from the BWL diet) occur frequently and can adversely affect weight loss outcomes. Research indicates that lapse behavior is heterogenous; there are many eating behaviors that could constitute a dietary lapse, but they are rarely studied as distinct contributors to weight outcomes. This secondary analysis aims to evaluate six behavioral lapse types during a 10-week mobile BWL progr...
Source: Appetite - June 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stephanie P Goldstein J Graham Thomas Leslie A Brick Fengqing Zhang Evan M Forman Source Type: research

Extending the scope of the interpersonal psychotherapy model of eating disorders: Integrating the role of 'feeling fat'
This study examined whether interpersonal problems positively related to ED symptoms via negative affect and 'feeling fat' in 190 undergraduate women (mean age [SD] = 19.05 (1.23); mean BMI [SD] = 21.76 [3.17]; 72.8% Caucasian). Using both cross-sectional and longitudinal path analyses, we tested the indirect effects of ostracism and peer victimization on binge eating and restricting via negative affect and 'feeling fat' using serial indirect effects analyses. Cross-sectional path analysis revealed significant indirect effects of ostracism on both binge eating and restricting sequentially via negative affect and 'feeling f...
Source: Appetite - June 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vittoria Trolio Adrienne Mehak Sarah E Schell Sarah E Racine Source Type: research

Mother-child interactions during feeding: A study on maternal sensitivity in dyads with underweight and normal weight toddlers
This study aimed to assess how mothers' psychopathological risk and toddler's dysregulation profile are associated with mother-toddler interactional quality during feeding, with particular attention to mothers' sensitivity to child's specific cues (e.g. need of autonomy, requests for cooperation, request to stop the interaction, etc.). One hundred fifty mother-toddler dyads (N = 73 with underweight children and N = 77 with normal weight children) with children aged between 18 and 30 months, were recruited. Mother-toddlers feeding interactions were assessed through specific rating scales applied to the video-recorded intera...
Source: Appetite - June 6, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giulia Ballarotto Luca Cerniglia Laura Bozicevic Silvia Cimino Renata Tambelli Source Type: research

Regulatory focus and junk food avoidance: The influence of health consciousness, perceived risk and message framing
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105428. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105428. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research is to examine: (1) the health-related factors namely perceived health consciousness and perceived risk that motivate a person's intention to avoid junk food consumption, and (2) the influence of regulatory focus (promotion vs prevention foci) on a person's intention to avoid junk food consumption under the conditions of gain-framing vs loss-framing health communication and messages. A set of hypotheses are tested across three studies. Study 1 (n = 148) shows that regulatory focus influences the consumer...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anwar Sadat Shimul Isaac Cheah Andrew Jerr Lou Source Type: research

Association of personal characteristics and cooking skills with vegetable consumption frequency among university students
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105432. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105432. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMost university students are transitioning to adulthood, and tend to adopt unhealthy eating habits characterised by a low intake of fruits and vegetables. Few studies have specifically addressed the consumption of vegetables, which have a high content of minerals, fibre, and active compounds. The aim of this investigation was to assess vegetable consumption frequency among university students in a Brazilian capital and examine associations with individual characteristics and cooking skills. This crosssectional study used a online q...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Greyce Luci Bernardo Vanessa Mello Rodrigues Bianca Sabrine Bastos Paula Lazzarin Uggioni Daniela Barbieri Hauschild Ana Carolina Fernandes Suellen Secchi Martinelli Suzi Barletto Cavalli Jeff Bray Heather Hartwell Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proen ça Source Type: research

An unintended consequence of Covid-19: Healthy nutrition
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105430. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105430. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Covid-19 pandemic involving mass quarantines and stay at home orders in many nations has affected consumer behaviour including food intake. Despite the seriousness of the situation, spending more time at home may have had some unintended consequences for consumers. The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of the current adverse circumstances on nutrition, within the framework of changes in attitude toward healthy eating, health consciousness, fear, and social influence of family, peers, and social media interac...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nilsah Cavdar Aksoy Ebru Tumer Kabadayi Alev Kocak Alan Source Type: research

Regulatory focus and junk food avoidance: The influence of health consciousness, perceived risk and message framing
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105428. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105428. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research is to examine: (1) the health-related factors namely perceived health consciousness and perceived risk that motivate a person's intention to avoid junk food consumption, and (2) the influence of regulatory focus (promotion vs prevention foci) on a person's intention to avoid junk food consumption under the conditions of gain-framing vs loss-framing health communication and messages. A set of hypotheses are tested across three studies. Study 1 (n = 148) shows that regulatory focus influences the consumer...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Anwar Sadat Shimul Isaac Cheah Andrew Jerr Lou Source Type: research

Association of personal characteristics and cooking skills with vegetable consumption frequency among university students
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105432. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105432. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMost university students are transitioning to adulthood, and tend to adopt unhealthy eating habits characterised by a low intake of fruits and vegetables. Few studies have specifically addressed the consumption of vegetables, which have a high content of minerals, fibre, and active compounds. The aim of this investigation was to assess vegetable consumption frequency among university students in a Brazilian capital and examine associations with individual characteristics and cooking skills. This crosssectional study used a online q...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Greyce Luci Bernardo Vanessa Mello Rodrigues Bianca Sabrine Bastos Paula Lazzarin Uggioni Daniela Barbieri Hauschild Ana Carolina Fernandes Suellen Secchi Martinelli Suzi Barletto Cavalli Jeff Bray Heather Hartwell Rossana Pacheco da Costa Proen ça Source Type: research

An unintended consequence of Covid-19: Healthy nutrition
Appetite. 2021 Jun 2:105430. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105430. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe Covid-19 pandemic involving mass quarantines and stay at home orders in many nations has affected consumer behaviour including food intake. Despite the seriousness of the situation, spending more time at home may have had some unintended consequences for consumers. The aim of this study was to investigate the consequences of the current adverse circumstances on nutrition, within the framework of changes in attitude toward healthy eating, health consciousness, fear, and social influence of family, peers, and social media interac...
Source: Appetite - June 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nilsah Cavdar Aksoy Ebru Tumer Kabadayi Alev Kocak Alan Source Type: research

Are food parenting practices gendered? Impact of mothers' and fathers' practices on their child's eating behaviors
Appetite. 2021 Jun 1:105433. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105433. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPast research has mainly focused on the links between child eating behaviors and maternal food practices. The impact of fathers and of concordant/discordant food parenting practices within families has received much less attention. To fill this gap, both parents of 105 French children aged 2.01-6.51 years (54 boys, Mage = 3.88 years, SD = 1.40) filled in a survey with items from validated questionnaires. Results showed that fathers and mothers perceived their child's eating behaviors in similar ways (Pearson correlations between 0....
Source: Appetite - June 4, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaat Philippe Claire Chabanet Sylvie Issanchou Sandrine Monnery-Patris Source Type: research

Food and drink marketing on social media and dietary intake in Australian adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey
This study aims to examine the association between exposure to and engagement with food or drink advertisements on social media and unhealthy food and drink intake in Australian adolescents. In 2018, a representative sample of secondary school students aged 12-17 years (N = 8708) self-reported how frequently they saw food and drink advertisements on social media (exposure), 'liked' or 'shared' food or drink posts (engagement), and consumption of various unhealthy food and drinks. Multi-level logistic regression assessed the association between exposure to and engagement with food marketing on social media and high intake o...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudia Gascoyne Maree Scully Melanie Wakefield Belinda Morley Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the sociocultural consequences of food consumption patterns among African American girls
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105429. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105429. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAfrican American women, in particular, have learned to navigate through a food consumption landscape that purposefully, and often aggressively, limits their choices and stigmatizes their resulting physical appearance, and renders them collectively unattractive and unworthy. While American women are challenged to subscribe to traditional slim body standards, a faction of Americans have differing opinions. African American (AA) women celebrate larger body types and defy weight stigma. When African Americans make food choices, taste ...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tony Stovall Natalie Mitchell Farouk Smith Ross Jones Source Type: research

The relation between stimulated salivary flow and the temporal consumption experience of a liquid oral nutritional supplement
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105325. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105325. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUse of Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) in undernourished patients has proven clinical benefits, but this can be hampered by low adherence due to poor experience of palatability. Many patients, particularly older patients, experience hyposalivation which can cause taste changes and reduce the enjoyment of foods. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the temporal consumption experience (comprising sensory perception, in-mouth aroma release and subjective appetite) of a clinically relevant portion of ONS, for grou...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lester S Hurst K Cornacchia L Kleijn M Ayed C Dinu V M A Taylor Fisk I Source Type: research

Food and drink marketing on social media and dietary intake in Australian adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey
This study aims to examine the association between exposure to and engagement with food or drink advertisements on social media and unhealthy food and drink intake in Australian adolescents. In 2018, a representative sample of secondary school students aged 12-17 years (N = 8708) self-reported how frequently they saw food and drink advertisements on social media (exposure), 'liked' or 'shared' food or drink posts (engagement), and consumption of various unhealthy food and drinks. Multi-level logistic regression assessed the association between exposure to and engagement with food marketing on social media and high intake o...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudia Gascoyne Maree Scully Melanie Wakefield Belinda Morley Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the sociocultural consequences of food consumption patterns among African American girls
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105429. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105429. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAfrican American women, in particular, have learned to navigate through a food consumption landscape that purposefully, and often aggressively, limits their choices and stigmatizes their resulting physical appearance, and renders them collectively unattractive and unworthy. While American women are challenged to subscribe to traditional slim body standards, a faction of Americans have differing opinions. African American (AA) women celebrate larger body types and defy weight stigma. When African Americans make food choices, taste ...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tony Stovall Natalie Mitchell Farouk Smith Ross Jones Source Type: research

The relation between stimulated salivary flow and the temporal consumption experience of a liquid oral nutritional supplement
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105325. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105325. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUse of Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) in undernourished patients has proven clinical benefits, but this can be hampered by low adherence due to poor experience of palatability. Many patients, particularly older patients, experience hyposalivation which can cause taste changes and reduce the enjoyment of foods. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the temporal consumption experience (comprising sensory perception, in-mouth aroma release and subjective appetite) of a clinically relevant portion of ONS, for grou...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lester S Hurst K Cornacchia L Kleijn M Ayed C Dinu V M A Taylor Fisk I Source Type: research

Food and drink marketing on social media and dietary intake in Australian adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey
This study aims to examine the association between exposure to and engagement with food or drink advertisements on social media and unhealthy food and drink intake in Australian adolescents. In 2018, a representative sample of secondary school students aged 12-17 years (N = 8708) self-reported how frequently they saw food and drink advertisements on social media (exposure), 'liked' or 'shared' food or drink posts (engagement), and consumption of various unhealthy food and drinks. Multi-level logistic regression assessed the association between exposure to and engagement with food marketing on social media and high intake o...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudia Gascoyne Maree Scully Melanie Wakefield Belinda Morley Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the sociocultural consequences of food consumption patterns among African American girls
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105429. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105429. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAfrican American women, in particular, have learned to navigate through a food consumption landscape that purposefully, and often aggressively, limits their choices and stigmatizes their resulting physical appearance, and renders them collectively unattractive and unworthy. While American women are challenged to subscribe to traditional slim body standards, a faction of Americans have differing opinions. African American (AA) women celebrate larger body types and defy weight stigma. When African Americans make food choices, taste ...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tony Stovall Natalie Mitchell Farouk Smith Ross Jones Source Type: research

The relation between stimulated salivary flow and the temporal consumption experience of a liquid oral nutritional supplement
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105325. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105325. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUse of Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) in undernourished patients has proven clinical benefits, but this can be hampered by low adherence due to poor experience of palatability. Many patients, particularly older patients, experience hyposalivation which can cause taste changes and reduce the enjoyment of foods. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the temporal consumption experience (comprising sensory perception, in-mouth aroma release and subjective appetite) of a clinically relevant portion of ONS, for grou...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lester S Hurst K Cornacchia L Kleijn M Ayed C Dinu V M A Taylor Fisk I Source Type: research

Food and drink marketing on social media and dietary intake in Australian adolescents: Findings from a cross-sectional survey
This study aims to examine the association between exposure to and engagement with food or drink advertisements on social media and unhealthy food and drink intake in Australian adolescents. In 2018, a representative sample of secondary school students aged 12-17 years (N = 8708) self-reported how frequently they saw food and drink advertisements on social media (exposure), 'liked' or 'shared' food or drink posts (engagement), and consumption of various unhealthy food and drinks. Multi-level logistic regression assessed the association between exposure to and engagement with food marketing on social media and high intake o...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Claudia Gascoyne Maree Scully Melanie Wakefield Belinda Morley Source Type: research

An exploratory study on the sociocultural consequences of food consumption patterns among African American girls
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105429. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105429. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAfrican American women, in particular, have learned to navigate through a food consumption landscape that purposefully, and often aggressively, limits their choices and stigmatizes their resulting physical appearance, and renders them collectively unattractive and unworthy. While American women are challenged to subscribe to traditional slim body standards, a faction of Americans have differing opinions. African American (AA) women celebrate larger body types and defy weight stigma. When African Americans make food choices, taste ...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tony Stovall Natalie Mitchell Farouk Smith Ross Jones Source Type: research

The relation between stimulated salivary flow and the temporal consumption experience of a liquid oral nutritional supplement
Appetite. 2021 May 29:105325. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105325. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTUse of Oral nutritional supplement (ONS) in undernourished patients has proven clinical benefits, but this can be hampered by low adherence due to poor experience of palatability. Many patients, particularly older patients, experience hyposalivation which can cause taste changes and reduce the enjoyment of foods. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the temporal consumption experience (comprising sensory perception, in-mouth aroma release and subjective appetite) of a clinically relevant portion of ONS, for grou...
Source: Appetite - June 1, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lester S Hurst K Cornacchia L Kleijn M Ayed C Dinu V M A Taylor Fisk I Source Type: research

Effects of oral lubrication on satiety, satiation and salivary biomarkers in model foods: A pilot study
This study aimed to investigate the role of preloads varying in their oral lubrication properties on appetite sensations, food intake, salivary friction and concentration of salivary biomarkers (proteins, α-amylase and mucins) in collected human saliva (n = 17 healthy participants). The preloads were model foods (flavoured hydrogels) either high or low in their lubricating properties, assessed both by instrumental and sensorial measurements. The results showed that hunger and desire to eat decreased immediately after preload and remained decreased for 10 and 20 min, respectively, after preload in the high lubricating...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ecaterina Stribi țcaia Catherine Gibbons Joanne Sier Christine Boesch John Blundell Graham Finlayson Anwesha Sarkar Source Type: research

Motives, mentalities and dietary change: An exploration of the factors that drive and sustain alternative dietary lifestyles
Appetite. 2021 May 27;165:105425. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105425. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAny transition to a sustainable food system will require long-term changes in consumer behaviour, including a major reduction in the proportion of animal-based foods in people's diets. Such long-term dietary changes have widely been found difficult to achieve, however, since eating behaviors are interlinked with habits and lifestyles. In order to attain a better understanding of the driving forces that guide and support changes in eating patterns, this study identifies some of the key factors that lead people not only to adopt...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aspasia Werner Antje Risius Source Type: research

A dialectic of control and acceptance: Mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum
Appetite. 2021 May 26:105327. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105327. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTShared family meals have important implications for child health and wellbeing, however, mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum are often characterized by stress and problematic behavior. A better understanding of the underlying processes can elucidate the mealtimes challenges that families with children on the spectrum face as well as how families overcome those challenges in order to promote family health and wellbeing. Through a grounded theory analysis of mealtime observations, parent interviews, and child interviews w...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S L Curtiss A T Ebata Source Type: research

Effects of oral lubrication on satiety, satiation and salivary biomarkers in model foods: A pilot study
This study aimed to investigate the role of preloads varying in their oral lubrication properties on appetite sensations, food intake, salivary friction and concentration of salivary biomarkers (proteins, α-amylase and mucins) in collected human saliva (n = 17 healthy participants). The preloads were model foods (flavoured hydrogels) either high or low in their lubricating properties, assessed both by instrumental and sensorial measurements. The results showed that hunger and desire to eat decreased immediately after preload and remained decreased for 10 and 20 min, respectively, after preload in the high lubricating...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ecaterina Stribi țcaia Catherine Gibbons Joanne Sier Christine Boesch John Blundell Graham Finlayson Anwesha Sarkar Source Type: research

Motives, mentalities and dietary change: An exploration of the factors that drive and sustain alternative dietary lifestyles
Appetite. 2021 May 26:105425. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105425. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAny transition to a sustainable food system will require long-term changes in consumer behaviour, including a major reduction in the proportion of animal-based foods in people's diets. Such long-term dietary changes have widely been found difficult to achieve, however, since eating behaviors are interlinked with habits and lifestyles. In order to attain a better understanding of the driving forces that guide and support changes in eating patterns, this study identifies some of the key factors that lead people not only to adopt alt...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aspasia Werner Antje Risius Source Type: research

A dialectic of control and acceptance: Mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum
Appetite. 2021 May 26:105327. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105327. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTShared family meals have important implications for child health and wellbeing, however, mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum are often characterized by stress and problematic behavior. A better understanding of the underlying processes can elucidate the mealtimes challenges that families with children on the spectrum face as well as how families overcome those challenges in order to promote family health and wellbeing. Through a grounded theory analysis of mealtime observations, parent interviews, and child interviews w...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S L Curtiss A T Ebata Source Type: research

Effects of oral lubrication on satiety, satiation and salivary biomarkers in model foods: A pilot study
This study aimed to investigate the role of preloads varying in their oral lubrication properties on appetite sensations, food intake, salivary friction and concentration of salivary biomarkers (proteins, α-amylase and mucins) in collected human saliva (n = 17 healthy participants). The preloads were model foods (flavoured hydrogels) either high or low in their lubricating properties, assessed both by instrumental and sensorial measurements. The results showed that hunger and desire to eat decreased immediately after preload and remained decreased for 10 and 20 min, respectively, after preload in the high lubricating...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ecaterina Stribi țcaia Catherine Gibbons Joanne Sier Christine Boesch John Blundell Graham Finlayson Anwesha Sarkar Source Type: research

Motives, mentalities and dietary change: An exploration of the factors that drive and sustain alternative dietary lifestyles
Appetite. 2021 May 26:105425. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105425. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAny transition to a sustainable food system will require long-term changes in consumer behaviour, including a major reduction in the proportion of animal-based foods in people's diets. Such long-term dietary changes have widely been found difficult to achieve, however, since eating behaviors are interlinked with habits and lifestyles. In order to attain a better understanding of the driving forces that guide and support changes in eating patterns, this study identifies some of the key factors that lead people not only to adopt alt...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aspasia Werner Antje Risius Source Type: research

A dialectic of control and acceptance: Mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum
Appetite. 2021 May 26:105327. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105327. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTShared family meals have important implications for child health and wellbeing, however, mealtimes with children on the autism spectrum are often characterized by stress and problematic behavior. A better understanding of the underlying processes can elucidate the mealtimes challenges that families with children on the spectrum face as well as how families overcome those challenges in order to promote family health and wellbeing. Through a grounded theory analysis of mealtime observations, parent interviews, and child interviews w...
Source: Appetite - May 29, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: S L Curtiss A T Ebata Source Type: research

Low craving control predicts increased high energy density food intake during the COVID-19 lockdown: Result replicated in an Australian sample
Appetite. 2021 May 25:105317. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105317. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis research aimed to replicate a previous UK-based finding that low craving control predicts increased intake of high energy density foods (HED) during the COVID-19 lockdown, and extend this finding to adults living in Victoria, Australia. The study also assessed whether acceptance coping moderates the relationship between craving control and increased HED food intake, and examined the associations between trait disinhibition, perceived stress and changes to HED food intake. An online survey completed by 124 adults living in Vic...
Source: Appetite - May 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nicola J Buckland Eva Kemps Source Type: research

Low craving control predicts increased high energy density food intake during the COVID-19 lockdown: Result replicated in an Australian sample
Appetite. 2021 May 25:105317. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105317. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis research aimed to replicate a previous UK-based finding that low craving control predicts increased intake of high energy density foods (HED) during the COVID-19 lockdown, and extend this finding to adults living in Victoria, Australia. The study also assessed whether acceptance coping moderates the relationship between craving control and increased HED food intake, and examined the associations between trait disinhibition, perceived stress and changes to HED food intake. An online survey completed by 124 adults living in Vic...
Source: Appetite - May 28, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nicola J Buckland Eva Kemps Source Type: research

Individuals with self-determined motivation for eating have better overall diet quality: Results from the PREDISE study
Appetite. 2021 May 24:105426. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105426. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe study aimed at documenting motivational orientations for the regulation of eatingas defined by self-determination theory and their association with sociodemographic characteristics and overall diet quality. As part of the PREDISE study, French-speaking women (n = 550) and men (n = 547), aged 18-65 years, living in the Province of Québec, Canada, completed online validated questionnaires. The Regulation of Eating Behavior Scale, based on the self-determination theory, assessed self-determined and non-self-determined moti...
Source: Appetite - May 27, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Elise Carbonneau Luc Pelletier Catherine B égin Beno ît Lamarche Mathieu B élanger V éronique Provencher Sophie Desroches Julie Robitaille Marie-Claude Vohl Charles Couillard Luigi Bouchard Julie Houle Marie-France Langlois R émi Rabasa-Lhoret Louise Source Type: research

Does exposure to socially endorsed food images on social media influence food intake?
Appetite. 2021 May 23:105424. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105424. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial norms can influence the consumption of high and low energy-dense (HED/LED) snack foods. Such norms could be communicated via social media, however, there is little experimental research investigating this possibility. This laboratory study aimed to investigate the acute effect of socially endorsed social media posts on participants' eating behaviour. Healthy women students (n = 169; mean age = 20.9; mean BMI = 23.3) were assigned to either a HED, LED or control condition, where they viewed three types of images (HED foods, ...
Source: Appetite - May 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lily Hawkins Claire Farrow Jason M Thomas Source Type: research

Does exposure to socially endorsed food images on social media influence food intake?
Appetite. 2021 May 23:105424. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105424. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSocial norms can influence the consumption of high and low energy-dense (HED/LED) snack foods. Such norms could be communicated via social media, however, there is little experimental research investigating this possibility. This laboratory study aimed to investigate the acute effect of socially endorsed social media posts on participants' eating behaviour. Healthy women students (n = 169; mean age = 20.9; mean BMI = 23.3) were assigned to either a HED, LED or control condition, where they viewed three types of images (HED foods, ...
Source: Appetite - May 26, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lily Hawkins Claire Farrow Jason M Thomas Source Type: research

Fridge Studies - Rummage through the fridge to understand food waste
Appetite. 2021 May 22:105321. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105321. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHousehold food waste is a significant environmental challenge, and almost half of the total global food waste comes from households. Thus, it is crucial to understand why food is wasted at home. This paper proposes a new method, Fridge Studies, that provides knowledge on food waste drivers adding to the research currently documenting the amounts and types of food wasted. Fridge studies is based on social practice theory, suggesting that waste is produced through food handling practices. By rummaging through the fridge together wit...
Source: Appetite - May 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nina Heidenstr øm Marie Hebrok Source Type: research

Fridge Studies - Rummage through the fridge to understand food waste
Appetite. 2021 May 22:105321. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105321. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTHousehold food waste is a significant environmental challenge, and almost half of the total global food waste comes from households. Thus, it is crucial to understand why food is wasted at home. This paper proposes a new method, Fridge Studies, that provides knowledge on food waste drivers adding to the research currently documenting the amounts and types of food wasted. Fridge studies is based on social practice theory, suggesting that waste is produced through food handling practices. By rummaging through the fridge together wit...
Source: Appetite - May 25, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nina Heidenstr øm Marie Hebrok Source Type: research

The social representations of complementary feeding
Appetite. 2021 May 21:105324. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105324. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe social representations of complementary feeding are expected to shape parents' decisions and to provide justification or legitimization for their practices. The aims of the present work were: i) to explore the social representations of complementary feeding in parents and health professionals, ii) to evaluate if the onset of complementary feeding modify social representations in parents, and iii) to compare the representations of parents and pediatricians. Three groups of participants were considered: 170 parents of children w...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ger ónimo Brunet Leticia Vidal Isabel Bove Alejandra Girona Valentina Iragola Florencia Ceriani Raquel Rodr íguez Andrea Mart ínez Dar ío Fuletti Gast ón Ares Source Type: research

Maternal feeding stress during mealtimes as a mediator between child food fussiness and maladpative feeding behaviors among mothers of preschoolers
Appetite. 2021 May 21:105322. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105322. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTParenting stress has been linked to maladaptive feeding behaviors and adverse child outcomes. Maternal stress that is specific to child feeding during mealtimes has not been previously explored. We sought to examine our hypothesis that maternal feeding stress during mealtimes (MFS-mealtimes) mediates the association of child food fussiness and concern about child's diet with maladaptive feeding behaviors. Mothers (n=100) were recruited through different preschoolers around the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants completed a...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rana H Mosli Hajer M Kaaki Kholod M Fallatah Leen Y Badreiq Noura M Eid Source Type: research

Hybridity and change in cooking skills in everyday life: Conceptual contributions from a study of cooking with meal-box schemes
Appetite. 2021 May 21:105311. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105311. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn a sizeable amount of public health and nutrition food research there seems to be an assumption that there has been a decline in cooking and cooking skills alongside an increase in the consumption of convenience-based meals. However, existing empirical sociological research on food in everyday life does not tend to support this picture. Instead, cooking and cooking skills in current everyday life are characterized by hybridity and change, rather than mere decline. Thus, it is necessary to draw upon an understanding of cooking sk...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bente Halkier Source Type: research

O-GlcNAc cycling mediates energy balance by regulating caloric memory
Appetite. 2021 May 21:105320. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105320. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCaloric need has long been thought a major driver of appetite. However, it is unclear whether caloric need regulates appetite in environments offered by many societies today where there is no shortage of food. Here we observed that wildtype mice with free access to food did not match calorie intake to calorie expenditure. While the size of a meal affected subsequent intake, there was no compensation for earlier under- or over-consumption. To test how spontaneous eating is subject to caloric control, we manipulated O-linked β-...
Source: Appetite - May 24, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bj örn Andersson Ee Phie Tan Steven R McGreal Udayan Apte John A Hanover Chad Slawson Olof Lagerl öf Source Type: research