Increased emotional eating during COVID-19 associated with lockdown, psychological and social distress.
Abstract Due to the spread of COVID 2019, the Italian government imposed a lockdown on the national territory. Initially, citizens were required to stay at home and not to mix with others outside of their household (Phase 1); eventually, some of these restrictions were lifted (Phase 2). To investigate the impact of lockdown on emotional and binge eating, an online survey was conducted to compare measures of self-reported physical (BMI), psychological (Alexithymia), affective (anxiety, stress, and depression) and social (income, workload) state during Phase 1 and Phase 2. Data from 365 Italian residents showed that...
Source: Appetite - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cecchetto C, Aiello M, Gentili C, Ionta S, Osimo SA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Nicotine exposure during lactation causes disruption of hedonic eating behavior and alters dopaminergic system in adult female rats.
oa PC Abstract Tobacco smoke during gestation is associated with increased consumption of palatable foods by the offspring in humans and rats. Postpartum relapse is observed in lactating women who quit smoking during pregnancy, putting their children at risk of adverse health outcomes caused by secondhand smoke. Nicotine is transferred through milk and alters the dopaminergic reward system of adult male rats, reducing dopamine action in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. Here, we evaluated the long-term effects of nicotine-only exposure during lactation on eating behavior, anxiety, locom...
Source: Appetite - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peixoto TC, Moura EG, Soares PN, Rodrigues VST, Claudio-Neto S, Oliveira E, Manhães AC, Lisboa PC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Addiction-like response in brain and behavior in a rat experimental model of night-eating syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: In our experimental models of NES-like a HFD in the sleep phase and SD are risk factors to develop binge eating and addiction-like behaviors. PMID: 33453338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 13, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Espitia-Bautista E, Escobar C Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Under pressure: Nudging increases healthy food choice in a virtual reality supermarket, irrespective of system 1 reasoning.
Abstract Previous research has shown that nudging can effectively support people's healthy food choices. Yet, to date knowledge about the psychological premises of nudging is limited, highlighting the need for closer scrutiny to determine how and when nudging is most effective. In the current study, we assessed whether the presumed effect of nudging on healthy food choice is enhanced under time pressure, a condition probing alleged system 1 reasoning. Food choice was studied in a realistic virtual reality supermarket where healthier alternatives were nudged by making them more salient. We additionally explored pos...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Blom SSAH, Gillebaart M, De Boer F, van der Laan N, De Ridder DTD Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Parental stress, food parenting practices and child snack intake during the COVID-19 pandemic.
CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that stress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic may be linked to child snack intake with potential impacts on child obesity risk, and suggest several modifiable points of intervention within the family context. PMID: 33450298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jansen E, Thapaliya G, Aghababian A, Sadler J, Smith K, Carnell S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Panic buying in times of coronavirus (COVID-19): Extending the theory of planned behavior to understand the stockpiling of nonperishable food in Germany.
Abstract At the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, sales of nonperishable food drastically increased in Germany. Reports of hoarding and panic buying flooded the media. To identify the drivers of the increased sales of these products, we carried out an online survey with n=495 people living in Germany. We followed a concurrent triangulation design. For the quantitative analysis, we extended the theory of planned behavior to identify possible reasons for stockpiling nonperishable food. The results suggest that "attitude," "subjective norm," and the "fear of future unavailability" were ...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lehberger M, Kleih AK, Sparke K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Emotional eating during COVID-19 in the United Kingdom: exploring the roles of alexithymia and emotion dysregulation.
Abstract Emotional eating, generally defined as (over)-eating in response to negative emotions, has been associated with poor physical and psychological outcomes. During a time of heightened negative affect, it is important to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown measures on eating behaviours, and further elucidate the ways in which emotional eating is related to emotion dysregulation and impaired abilities to identify emotions (i.e. alexithymia). The aims of this study were to explore perceived changes in eating behaviours in relation to self-reported negative affect during the p...
Source: Appetite - January 12, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: McAtamney K, Mantzios M, Egan H, Wallis DJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

"Waste not and stay at home" Evidence of Decreased Food Waste during the COVID-19 pandemic from the U.S. and Italy.
"Waste not and stay at home" Evidence of Decreased Food Waste during the COVID-19 pandemic from the U.S. and Italy. Appetite. 2021 Jan 08;:105110 Authors: Rodgers RF, Lombardo C, Cerolini S, Franko DL, Omori M, Linardon J, Guillaume S, Fischer L, Tyszkiewicz MF Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly disrupted household food purchasing and preparation, including elements identified as important drivers of household food waste. The two main aims of this study were (1) to examine changes in food waste behaviors since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. and Italy; and (2) to in...
Source: Appetite - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rodgers RF, Lombardo C, Cerolini S, Franko DL, Omori M, Linardon J, Guillaume S, Fischer L, Tyszkiewicz MF Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between intuitive eating and weight-related behaviors in a population-based sample of young adults.
This study assessed how intuitive eating in early adulthood is related to weight status, dieting, healthy and unhealthy weight control behaviors, and binge eating with loss of control five years later. Young adults (N = 1,660) were asked about intuitive eating as part of the 2008-2009 third wave of the Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults) longitudinal cohort study. Weight status, dieting, healthy and unhealthy weight control behaviors, and binge eating with loss of control were assessed during both the third (EAT-III: mean age 25.3 ± 1.5) and fourth (EAT-IV mean age 31.1 ± 1.5) waves. I...
Source: Appetite - January 8, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Christoph M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Nudging healthier food choices in a cafeteria setting: A sequential multi-intervention field study.
This study contributes by reporting on three different nudging interventions in the same setting and presents effects on different sub-populations. We find overall small effects that are heterogeneous, ranging from robustly more to even less healthy choices. We discuss the importance of transparency and reactance to health interventions and the potential interplay of interventions with habitual behavior among different sub-populations. PMID: 33422678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 7, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bauer JM, Bietz S, Rauber J, Reisch LA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Systematically lower structural brain connectivity in individuals with elevated food addiction symptoms" [Appetite 155 (2020) 104850].
Corrigendum to "Systematically lower structural brain connectivity in individuals with elevated food addiction symptoms" [Appetite 155 (2020) 104850]. Appetite. 2021 Jan 05;:105091 Authors: Peng-Li D, Sørensen TA, Li Y, He Q PMID: 33419599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - January 5, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peng-Li D, Sørensen TA, Li Y, He Q Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Manipulation of fatty acid composition in a high-fat meal does not result in differential alterations in appetite or food intake in normal weight females: a single-blind randomized crossover study.
Abstract A behavioral concept that generates a path to obesity is eating in the absence of hunger (EAH). One strategy that may be effective in preventing EAH is the manipulation of dietary fatty acid (FA) composition. However, it remains unclear which FA has the greatest impact on both appetite and EAH. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of different dietary FA compositions (monounsaturated, MUFA; polyunsaturated, PUFA; saturated, SFA) on subjective ratings of appetite and subsequent ad libitum eating after a 3h postprandial period. 16 apparently healthy normal weight females between ag...
Source: Appetite - December 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Graybeal AJ, Meena Shah, Willis JL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Consumer's over-ordering behavior at restaurant: Understanding the important roles of interventions from waiter and ordering habits.
Abstract In China, approximately half of total food waste is generated from the foodservice sector, which largely results from irresponsible consumer behavior when ordering food. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to better understand and intervene in Chinese consumers' ordering behavior in restaurants, ultimately contributing to minimizing food waste in China. Thus, the current study proposed a comprehensive model which incorporated habitual processes (individual ordering habits) and situational constraints (interventions from waiters) into the original theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the norm-activati...
Source: Appetite - December 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Z, Ju X, Bai L, Gong S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Effects of pairing health warning labels with energy-dense snack foods on food choice and attitudes: online experimental study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that short-term repeated exposure to HWLs paired with energy-dense snack foods may not consistently alter food choices, but can change implicit attitudes associated with food choices. Further laboratory and field studies are needed to more definitively assess the impact of HWLs on food selection and consumption in applied contexts and over time, as well as delineate underlying mechanisms. PMID: 33373631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - December 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Asbridge SC, Pechey E, Marteau TM, Hollands GJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Mindfulness, Depression, and Emotional Eating: The Moderating Role of Nonjudging of Inner Experience.
Abstract Emotional eating is defined as the tendency to increase food consumption in order to modify negative emotional states. Theories on emotional eating attribute its cause to inadequate emotion regulation, specifically an inability to draw awareness to and accept distress. Mindfulness, or the ability to pay attention to and accept internal and external experiences, is posited to attenuate the association between internalizing distress and emotional eating. Nevertheless, there has been little research examining the moderating role of mindfulness in the relationship between psychological distress and emotional ...
Source: Appetite - December 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hsu T, Forestell CA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The East Side Table Make-at-Home Meal-Kit Program is Feasible and Acceptable: A Pilot Study.
Abstract Drawing from marketing literature, shopper solutions and food bundles (that group items to be used together) can promote purchase intention, efficacy, and related outcomes. Similarly, meal kits boxes (food bundles with step-by-step instructions to prepare home-cooked meals) have potential to be an accessible intervention to facilitate healthy, at-home food preparation and intake. This manuscript describes the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary outcomes of a community-designed and -led program promoting healthy food skills, accessibility, and intake through meal kits. This pilot study was designed...
Source: Appetite - December 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Horning ML, Hill T, Martin CL, Hassan A, Petrovskis A, Bohen L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Feeding style profiles are associated with maternal and infant characteristics and infant feeding practices and weight outcomes in African American mothers and infants.
Abstract Much literature links individual feeding styles to infant feeding practices and growth; however, parents' feeding styles are not discrete and may vary by context. We use latent profile analysis (LPA) as a person-centered approach to categorize infant feeding style patterns, test factors predicting profile membership, and examine if profiles are associated with infant feeding and weight. Additionally, we test the impact of a responsive feeding intervention on profile membership and stability. Data come from 270 African-American women and infants participating in the Mothers and Others Study, an early life ...
Source: Appetite - December 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thompson AL, Wasser H, Nulty A, Bentley ME Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations of Family Feeding and Mealtime Practices with Children's Overall Diet Quality: Results from a Prospective Population-Based Cohort.
In conclusion, parental monitoring and family mealtime routines in early childhood may provide a supportive food environment that promotes children's overall diet quality. Longitudinal studies with repeated measurements are needed to replicate our findings. PMID: 33359227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - December 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mou Y, Jansen PW, Raat H, Nguyen AN, Voortman T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Young adult's experience with flexitarianism: The 4Cs.
Abstract Meat reduction has important implications for public health and the environment. With people more likely to reduce their meat consumption than eliminate it completely, there is increased interest in flexitarian, reduced meat, diets. Young adults in particular are transitioning towards a flexitarian diet, yet there is very little research on this crucial sub-set of the population. In this research 23 interviews are conducted with young adults aged 18-35 in New Zealand to explore their lived experiences (i.e., motivations, strategies and barriers) towards flexitarianism. The research finds young adults are ...
Source: Appetite - December 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kemper J, White S Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Associations between parental perception of- and concern about-child weight and use of specific food-related parenting practices.
This study used the first wave of cross-sectional data from the longitudinal Family Matters study to examine the relationships between parental perception of child weight status, parent concern for child's current and future weight and parent use of different types of food-related practices. Parent/child dyads (n=150) were recruited from primary care clinics. Multiple regression models were fit to examine cross-sectional relationships between parental perception and concern for their child's weight and food-related parenting practices (food restriction, pressure-to-eat, food control, food monitoring, nutrition education, a...
Source: Appetite - December 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Loth KA, Mohamed N, Trofholz A, Tate A, Berge JM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The impact of active or passive food preparation versus distraction on eating behaviour: an experimental study.
Abstract Research indicates a role for attention in the perception of hunger and food intake. The present experimental study aimed to explore the impact of attention to food cues through either active or passive food preparation, versus attention away from food cues through a non-food distraction task on eating behaviour using a preload/taste test design. Female participants (n=80) were randomly allocated to one of four conditions: active food preparation (making a wrap); passive video preparation (watching video of researcher making a wrap); distraction (a non-food colouring task); no time control. Measures of de...
Source: Appetite - December 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ogden J, Biliraki C, Ellis A, Lammyman F, May E Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Examining heart rate variability as an indicator of top-down inhibitory control over emotions and eating behaviors among individuals with and without binge eating.
DISCUSSION: When experiencing negative emotions, individuals with OBE may experience increases in parasympathetic functioning while eating, reinforcing OBE as a facilitator of emotion regulation. PMID: 33340606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - December 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bottera AR, Mancuso CJ, Kambanis PE, De Young KP Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Perceptions of the social and physical environment of adolescents' dietary behaviour in neighbourhoods of different socioeconomic position.
Abstract A higher proportion of adolescents from families in a lower socioeconomic position (SEP) tends to have more unhealthy dietary behaviours, and overweight and obesity, than their counterparts in higher SEPs. More research is needed to understand the causes of these differences, in particular the influence of the neighbourhood environment, which has been explored less. The presented qualitative study explores how adolescents and their parents from higher and lower SEP neighbourhoods perceive the social and physical environment influencing adolescents' dietary behaviours. We conducted 6 semi-structured focus ...
Source: Appetite - December 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Havdal HH, Fosse E, Gebremariam MK, Lakerveld J, Arah OA, Stronks K, Lien N Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The Serving Temperature Effect: Food Temperature, Expected Satiety, and Complementary Food Purchases.
Abstract We show that the temperature at which foods and beverages are served impacts consumers' complementary purchases, defined as additional foods and beverages purchased for a consumption episode. Across a series of studies, including field studies and controlled laboratory experiments, we show that consumers choose more complementary food items when they consume or intend to consume a food or beverage served cold rather than hot. This occurs because cold consumables are expected to be less satiating compared to hot consumables. Serving temperatures that increase complementary purchasing may enhance the firm's...
Source: Appetite - December 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Baskentli S, Block L, Morrin M Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The unhealthy-tasty intuition for online recipes - When healthiness perceptions backfire.
This study tests a common heuristic in the field of healthy foods, namely, the unhealthy-tasty intuition, in the new context of online recipes. An online experiment (representative sample in Austria in terms of age and gender) and a real-world study advertising an online recipe with various labels (healthy, tasty and neutral) confirm the unhealthy-tasty intuition and reveal that healthy recipes have a negative influence on behavioral intentions. Both health and taste inferences serve as underlying mechanisms explaining the influence of healthy recipes on behavioral intentions. The negative effect of a health label can be e...
Source: Appetite - December 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Garaus M, Lalicic L Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Multidimensional Elements of Impulsivity as Shared and Unique Risk Factors for Food Addiction and Alcohol Misuse.
Abstract Food addiction (FA) and alcohol misuse tend to co-occur, which suggests shared factors in the etiology and persistence of these health behaviors. One shared factor that has been linked to both is impulsivity, a multidimensional construct reflecting multiple facets of self-regulatory capacity. However, co-occurrence also raises issues of possible confounding if both domains are not considered concurrently, and the intersection between FA, alcohol misuse, and impulsivity has not been well characterized empirically. Therefore, the current study examined the intersection of FA, alcohol consequences, and multi...
Source: Appetite - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Minhas M, Murphy CM, Balodis I, Acuff S, Buscemi J, Murphy J, MacKillop J Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Can't decide how much to EAT? Effort variability for reward is associated with cognitive restraint.
Abstract Food intake is inherently variable and often characterized by episodical restraint or overeating (uncontrolled eating). Such heightened variability in intake has been associated with higher variability in the brain response to food reward, but it is an open issue whether comparable associations with elevated variability in reward seeking exist. Here, we assessed whether restraint and uncontrolled eating as markers of trait-like variability in eating are associated with higher intra-individual variability in reward seeking as captured by a cost-benefit paradigm. To test this hypothesis, 81 healthy, overnig...
Source: Appetite - December 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: van den Hoek Ostende MM, Neuser MP, Teckentrup V, Svaldi J, Kroemer NB Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Meal Synchronization and Commensality in Santiago and Paris.
lat D Abstract People eat on a regular schedule, at times that are shared within a society, and with others. While this phenomenon is theoretically formulated in sociological literature, few empirical studies have tested it, and the available evidence is incomplete. Against this backdrop, this article analyzes the association between meal synchronization and commensality using representative survey data in Santiago and Paris. We hypothesize that commensality influences having meals on a regular schedule because sharing a meal with others needs synchronization. Nevertheless, the strength of this association might b...
Source: Appetite - December 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Giacoman C, Lhuissier A, Ferrant C, Bórquez I, Devilat D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Examining Cognitive Bias Modification interventions for reducing food value and choice: Two pre-registered, online studies.
Abstract There is considerable interest in Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) as a potential treatment for overweight/obesity. Inhibitory Control Training (ICT: also known as motor response training) and Evaluative Conditioning (EC) are two popular paradigms which rely on associatively learned responses (unhealthy food -> inhibition, or unhealthy food-> negative stimulus, respectively) through repeated cue-response contingencies. Both ICT and EC have demonstrated some effectiveness for reducing food intake, value and/or choice, when administered in the laboratory and online. However, studies have been critici...
Source: Appetite - December 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Masterton S, Hardman CA, Halford JCG, Jones A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A Comparison of EU and US consumers' willingness to pay for gene-edited food: Evidence from apples.
Abstract We compare consumers' attitude towards and willingness to pay (WTP) for gene-edited (GE) apples in Europe and the US. Using hypothetical choices in a lab and different technology messages, we estimate WTP of 162 French and 166 US consumers for new apples, which do not brown upon being sliced or cut. Messages center on (i) the social and private benefits of having the new apples, and (ii) possible technologies leading to this new benefit (conventional hybrids, GE, and genetically modified (GMO)). French consumers do not value the innovation and actually discount it when it is generated via biotechnology. U...
Source: Appetite - December 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marette S, Disdier AC, Beghin JC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Exploring changes in body image, eating and exercise during the COVID-19 lockdown: A UK survey.
Abstract Early reports suggest that lockdown measures associated with the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., social distancing) are having adverse consequences for people's mental health, including increases in maladaptive eating habits and body dissatisfaction. Certain groups, such as those with pre-existing mental health difficulties, may be especially at risk. The current study explored perceived changes in eating, exercise, and body image during lockdown within the United Kingdom, using an online survey (n = 264). There were large individual differences in perceived changes in eating, exercise, and body image in this pe...
Source: Appetite - December 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Robertson M, Duffy F, Newman E, Bravo CP, Ates HH, Sharpe H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

INSIGHT responsive parenting intervention effects on child appetite and maternal feeding practices through age 3 years.
Abstract Expert guidance encourages interventions promoting structure-based practices to establish predictable eating environments in order to foster children's self-regulatory skills. However, few studies have examined whether and how child characteristics may moderate effects of interventions on maternal feeding practices. This analysis aimed to examine the effect of the INSIGHT Responsive Parenting (RP) intervention delivered largely during infancy, on child appetitive traits at 2.5 years and maternal feeding practices at 3 years. Primiparous mother-newborn dyads were randomized to a RP intervention designed fo...
Source: Appetite - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ruggiero CF, Hohman EE, Birch LL, Paul IM, Savage JS Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A Systematic Review on Consumer Acceptance of Alternative Proteins: Pulses, Algae, Insects, Plant-based Meat Alternatives, and Cultured Meat.
Abstract Consumers' dietary patterns have a significant impact on planetary and personal health. To address health and environmental challenges one of the many possible solutions is to substitute meat consumption with alternative protein sources. This systematic review identifies 91 articles with a focus on the drivers of consumer acceptance of five alternative proteins: pulses, algae, insects, plant-based alternative proteins, and cultured meat. This review demonstrates that acceptance of the alternative proteins included here is relatively low (compared to that of meat); acceptance of insects is lowest, followed...
Source: Appetite - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Onwezen MC, Bouwman EP, Reinders MJ, Dagevos H Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The Contribution of Network Science to the Study of Food Recipes. A Review Paper.
Abstract Recently, scholars have applied network science, which examines interconnected systems, to the study of food recipes. By examining the current literature, this review paper analyses the contribution of network science to recipes, and finds evidence of two main contributions. First, the pioneer studies showed the potential of network science for reducing the complexity of recipes and proposing theories to model ingredient pairings and recipe evolution. The second contribution built upon the previous theories and expanded them to cover different regions of the world as the field moved towards understanding ...
Source: Appetite - December 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Herrera JCS Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The Messy Satiation Effect: Understanding How Eating Messily Can Accelerate the Rate of Satiation and Reduce Consumption.
Abstract The visual presentation of food plays an important role in shaping the food choices that consumers make. In the current research, we explore the impact that one's eating manner, and by extension, how messy or neat food becomes as a result, can have on enjoyment and consumption over the course of an eating episode. In a series of five studies, we find that eating in a messy manner, which degrades the visual appeal of one's food, can accelerate the rate of satiation and decrease consumption, a phenomenon we term the messy satiation effect. This effect occurs because the disgust response induced by the visua...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wu F, Sample KL, Haws KL Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Importance of food choice motives vary with degree of food neophobia.
Abstract Food Neophobia (FN) is a stable trait that measures individuals' propensity to avoid novel/unfamiliar foods. In this research, focus was directed to covariation between FN and food choice factors as measured using two variants of the food choice questionnaire (FCQ). To our knowledge, there are no previous studies which investigates these associations in detail, and in this regard the present research advances understanding of individual differences in FN and FCQ. Existing survey data were used, collected in the USA and Australia with ∼1500 and ∼750 consumers, respectively. Data from New Zealand ca...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jaeger SR, Roigard CM, Hunter DC, Worch T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

A qualitative study about college students' attitudes, knowledge and perceptions regarding sugar intake.
Abstract Excessive sugar intake has been associated to multiple health conditions (e.g., higher risk for non-communicable diseases). Hence, health organizations have issued guidelines defining the maximum daily intake of free or added sugars. However, data from several countries suggests that these guidelines are rarely met, particularly by young adults. For example, almost half of Portuguese adolescents and young adults exceed the recommended sugar intake. In this work, we aim to further explore college students' attitudes, knowledge and perceptions about sugar intake, as well as about sugar intake guidelines. A ...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Prada M, Godinho CA, Garrido MV, Rodrigues DL, Coelho I, Lopes D Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Grandparents' perceptions of the barriers and strategies to providing their grandchildren with a healthy diet: A qualitative study.
Abstract Grandparents are playing an increasingly important role in shaping their grandchildren's nutritional environment. Evidence-based interventions tailored to grandparents thus constitute a potential means of promoting healthy eating among children. For such interventions to be effective, they must account for the unique issues encountered by grandparents. However, research examining the potential needs of grandparents is limited. The present study thus explored (i) grandparents' perceptions of the barriers to providing their grandchildren with healthy food and minimizing consumption of unhealthy food and (ii...
Source: Appetite - November 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jongenelis MI, Morley B, Worrall C, Talati Z Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Eating restraint is associated with reduced attentional capture by signals of valuable food reward.
Abstract Previous paradigms used to examine attentional distraction by task-irrelevant food words and food images were not suited for the investigation of involuntary and automatic attentional capture. In the current experiments we adapted a well-established visual-search paradigm (with eye tracking) to investigate involuntary attentional capture by food and drink rewards. We first used a satiety procedure to manipulate relative preference for different food and drink outcomes (potato chips and water in Experiment 1 and popcorn and chocolate Smarties in Experiment 2). Participants then performed the visual-search ...
Source: Appetite - November 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Watson P, Vasudevan A, Pearson D, Le Pelley ME Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Greater self-reported preference for fat taste and lower fat restraint are associated with more frequent intake of high-fat food.
Abstract The determinants of the intake of high-fat products are not well recognized, but fat preference may be one of them. The aim of this study was thus to determine whether intake of different types of high-fat food is associated with fat preference in people with normal and increased body weight. Participants aged 20 to 40 years [n = 421] were enrolled in Poznań, Poland in 2016 -2018. Fat preference was measured using the Fat Preference Questionnaire. Self-reported preference for fat taste (TASTE) and fat restraint (DIFF) scores were calculated. The frequency of consuming high-fat food was measured with an a...
Source: Appetite - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chmurzynska A, Mlodzik-Czyzewska MA, Malinowska AM, Radziejewska A, Mikołajczyk-Stecyna J, Bulczak E, Wiebe DJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hierarchical Integrated Processing of Reward-related Regions in Obese Males: A Graph-theoretical-based Study.
This study identified the features of hierarchical interactions between the key reward nodes and multiple function networks. These findings may provide more evidence for the existing view of hierarchical organization in reward processing. PMID: 33248191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang P, Liu Y, Yu FX, Wu GW, Li MY, Wang Z, Ding HY, Wang LX, Zhao KX, Zhang ZY, Zhao PF, Li J, Yang ZH, Lv H, Zhang ZT, Wang ZC Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

No control and overwhelming cravings: Australian adults' perspectives on the experience of Food Addiction.
This study provides a unique contribution to understanding adults' experience of food addiction by highlighting the strong desire to be in control of eating behaviours, and the inability of participants to overcome their compulsions to eat specific food despite minimal anticipation of positive effect. PMID: 33248192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Appetite)
Source: Appetite - November 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Collins R, Haracz K, Leary M, Rollo M, Burrows T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Development of MacroPics: A novel food picture set to dissociate the effects of carbohydrate and fat on eating behaviors.
Abstract Emerging evidence suggests that fat and carbohydrate interact to potentiate the reward value of food (DiFeliceantonio et al. 2018). The primary goal of the current study was to develop a novel picture set to facilitate research into the effects of macronutrient composition on food choice and eating behavior. Toward this aim, we developed "MacroPics." In Experiment 1, we photographed 120-kcal portions of 60 snack foods falling into one of the three macronutrient categories: (1) mostly carbohydrate, (2) mostly fat, or (3) a combination of fat and carbohydrate. Sixty-one participants rated the imag...
Source: Appetite - November 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fromm S, Perszyk EE, Kanyamibwa A, Wall KM, Hutelin Z, Trinh J, Davis XS, Green BG, Flack KD, DiFeliceantonio A, Small DM Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Mealtime Resistance: Hispanic Mothers' Perspectives on Making Healthy Eating Changes within the Family.
Abstract Several perceived barriers to healthy eating within the family (e.g., cost, lack of time, energy, accessibility) are documented. However, few studies have assessed Hispanic mothers' perceived barriers and strategies in implementing healthy eating changes in the family's meals. The primary goal of this qualitative study was to investigate Mexican and Puerto Rican mothers' barriers and strategies to creating healthy eating changes within the family at home. A sample of 46 Mexican-American and Puerto Rican mothers in California, Illinois, and Texas participated in this study. An average of 5 mothers particip...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hammons A, Olvera N, Teran-Garcia M, Villegas E, Fiese B Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

The effect of restrained eating on acute stress-induced food intake in people with obesity.
Abstract Restrained eating, defined as a form of intense dieting or restrictive food intake of specific macronutrients or types of food with sporadic episodes of overeating, results in an increased risk of overweight and obesity. Acute stress situations cause irregular eating patterns and are connected to restrained eating. Therefore, the present study investigates the effect of high/low restrained eating on eating behavior in people with obesity after standardized acute stress induction as well as resting condition. Fifty men and women with obesity (BMI: 33.62 ± 3.93 kg/m2) were categorized into high restr...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Herhaus B, Petrowski K Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Sugar consumption and behavioural inhibition in the rat.
Abstract The metabolic effects of sugary drinks have been extensively studied, whereas the effects on psychological processes have received relatively limited attention. Several studies have found that high-sugar diets can produce impaired performance by rats on tests assessing spatial learning and memory. In contrast, despite claims that weakened inhibitory control underlies many sugar-induced deficits, evidence supporting this proposal has been limited. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of high-sugar diets on response inhibition, as measured by rats' performance on a differential reinforcemen...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Spoelma MJ, Boakes RA Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Hungry for more: low resident social engagement is indirectly associated with poor energy intake and mealtime experience in long-term care homes.
This study explores the independent effects of psychosocial factors on energy intake among LTC residents. Secondary data (Making the Most of Mealtimes [M3]) from residents in 32 Canadian LTC homes were analyzed. Data included 3-day weighed food intake, mealtime care actions taken by staff, loss of appetite, eating challenges, and other resident characteristics. Psychosocial factors (i.e., social engagement, depression, and aggressive behaviours) were measured using standardized scales. The independent effects of psychosocial factors on energy intake were tested using bivariate and linear regression analyses adjusted for lo...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Morrison-Koechl J, Wu SA, Slaughter SE, Lengyel CO, Carrier N, Keller HH Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Individual differences and moderating participant characteristics in the effect of reducing portion size on meal energy intake: pooled analysis of three randomized controlled trials.
Abstract Portion size impacts on the amount of energy consumed during a meal. However, research findings on participant characteristics that moderate the effect of portion size on energy intake are mixed. Using data pooled across three randomized control trials, we examined the impact of reducing meal portion size on meal energy intake in 111 adult participants varying in sex (55M, 56F), body weight (BMI range = 19-42) and a broad range of participant characteristics, including usual portion size, restrained, emotional and external eating, satiety responsiveness, plate clearing tendencies, concerns about wasting f...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Robinson E, Haynes A Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

Food Addiction, Executive Function and Mood in Adolescents with Obesity Seeking Treatment.
This study examines differences in executive functioning, depression symptoms and perceived stress among adolescents with obesity with- and without food addiction. METHODS: A total of 110 adolescents with obesity (74 females; age=15.59±1.3y; 67% Hispanic; 74% public insurance) completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-2 (BRIEF-2), the Yale Food Addiction Scale for children (YFAS-c), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-DC). Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests were used to evaluate differences in BRIEF-2, CES-DC and PSS scores betwee...
Source: Appetite - November 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vidmar AP, Wee CP, Salvy SJ Tags: Appetite Source Type: research

How and why mealtime surpluses become unwanted: A step in the journey to food waste.
Abstract This paper explores how and why Saudi householders designate mealtime leftovers as unwanted, thereby making them more likely to become waste. The paper argues that although over-provisioning is cited as one of the main antecedents for food waste, food becomes unwanted before it becomes waste and the designation of over-provisioned food as unwanted is an important but neglected driver of food waste. The study draws on in-depth interviews with 28 Saudi women to reveal four main reasons for the classification of leftovers as unwanted. First, food touched by others, such as plate leftovers, is perceived as un...
Source: Appetite - November 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aleshaiwi A, Harries T Tags: Appetite Source Type: research