UCI team demonstrates ability to supercharge cells with mitochondrial transplantation
(University of California - Irvine) UCI researchers have shown that they can give cells a short-term boost of energy through mitochondrial transplantation. The team's study, published today in the Journal of the American Heart Association, suggests that mitochondrial transplantation could one day be employed to cure various cardiovascular, metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders -- and even offer a new approach to the treatment of cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - March 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Analyzing patients shortly after stroke can help link brain regions to speech functions
(Rice University) New research from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine shows analyzing the brains of stroke victims just days after the stroke allows researchers to link various speech functions to different parts of the brain, an important breakthrough that may lead to better treatment and recovery. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stroke: When the system fails for the second time
(Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences) After a stroke, there is an increased risk of suffering a second one. If areas in the left hemisphere were affected during the first attack, language is often impaired. In order to maintain this capability, the brain usually briefly drives up the counterparts on the right side. But what happens after a second attack? The Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences now found an answer by using virtual lesions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New genetic editing powers discovered in squid
(Marine Biological Laboratory) Revealing yet another super-power in the skillful squid, scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory have discovered that squid massively edit their own genetic instructions not only within the nucleus of their neurons, but also within the axon -- the long, slender neural projections that transmit electrical impulses to other neurons. This is the first time that edits to genetic information have been observed outside of the nucleus of an animal cell (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Lactation changes how mom's neurons communicate -- but it's reversible
(Society for Neuroscience) Lactation temporarily changes how a mother's neurons behave, according to new research in mice published in JNeurosci. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - March 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mayo Clinic Q & amp;A podcast: Mental health and coping during COVID-19 crisis
Continuous news coverage about the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic is creating worry and anxiety for people across the globe. How can you be better prepared to cope with the crisis? On today's Mayo Clinic Q&A podcast, Dr. Beth Rush, a Mayo Clinic neuropsychologist, shares ideas for taking care of your mental health and finding comfort amidst [...] (Source: News from Mayo Clinic)
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - March 23, 2020 Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

Living with brain cancer has prepared me for coronavirus
With my illness, I’ve already have had to self-isolate several times. I’ve also learned a valuable lesson that others can now follow: Ask for help. (Source: Washington Post: To Your Health)
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - March 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jeremy Pivor Source Type: news

Compound in daffodils can improve sleep, trigger lucid dreams
(Natural News) Scientists have found that a compound from daffodils can help people experience lucid dreams more frequently. In a study published in the journal PLOS ONE, U.S. researchers showed the effects of galantamine — a plant compound used to treat Alzheimer’s disease — can enhance brain function through acetylcholinesterase inhibition (AChEI). “[Galantamine] substantially increases the frequency... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Dementia prevention: Nutritional Therapist reveals 10 ways to reduce your dementia risk
DEMENTIA can have a huge impact on a person's everyday life, as well as their friend's and family's. Help protect yourself and loved ones from developing the degenerative brain disease by following Nutritional Therapist Natalie Lamb's 10 tips to reduce your risk. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - March 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Shane Williams health scare: Rugby pro's condition - what his brain scan revealed
SHANE WILLIAMS is a retired Welsh rugby player. Having suffered from a concussion from the contact sport, he underwent a brain scan to find out exactly how the injury affected his brain. (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - March 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

American Academy of Neurology Cancels 2020 Annual Meeting
Citing concerns over the coronavirus pandemic, the American Academy of Neurology said it 'had no choice' but to cancel its annual conference, which was scheduled to take place in Toronto. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - March 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stroke symptoms: The sign in a person’s eye that may signal the life-threatening condition
A STROKE occurs when there's been a disturbance with the blood supply to the brain. It can be a life-threatening occurrence. What's the sign in a person's eye that may signal the condition? (Source: Daily Express - Health)
Source: Daily Express - Health - March 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Post-acute cortical thickness in children with mild traumatic brain injury versus orthopedic injury - Ware AL, Goodrich-Hunsaker NJ, Lebel C, Shukla A, Wilde EA, Abildskov TJ, Bigler ED, Cohen DM, Mihalov LK, Bacevice A, Bangert BA, Taylor HG, Yeates KO.
Studies of brain morphometry may illuminate the effects of pediatric mild traumatic brain injury (TBI; e.g., concussion). However, no published studies have examined cortical thickness in the early injury phases of pediatric mild TBI using an appropriate c... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Long-term follow-up of use of therapy services for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury - Andelic N, Forslund MV, Perrin PB, Sigurdardottir S, Lu J, Howe EI, Sveen U, Rasmussen MS, S øberg HL, Røe C.
OBJECTIVES: To examine the probabilities and baseline predictors of the use of physical therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy over a period of 10 years after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective follow-up at 1, 2, 5 a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prevention of symptomatic neuroma in traumatic digital amputation: a RAND/UCLA appropriateness method consensus study - Crosio A, Albo E, Marcoccio I, Adani R, Bertolini M, Colonna MR, Felici N, Guzzini M, Atzei A, Riccio M, Titolo P, Tos P.
INTRODUCTION: The appearance of a symptomatic neuroma following finger amputation is a devastating consequence for patient's quality of life. It could be cause of chronic neuropathic pain. The prevention of neuroma formation is a challenging effort for han... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Dramatic Rise in Hypertension-Related Deaths in US Dramatic Rise in Hypertension-Related Deaths in US
A new study shows an'alarming'increase in hypertension-related deaths between 2007 and 2017, particularly in the rural South.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - March 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

New Drug Selumetinib Helps Shrink Inoperable Tumors in Kids
FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 -- A new trial confirms that the drug selumetinib shrinks tumors in children suffering from neurofibromatosis type 1. The condition is characterized by changes in skin coloring and the growth of tumors along nerves in the... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - March 20, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Violent behavior is associated with emotion salience network dysconnectivity in schizophrenia - Tik àsz A, Potvin S, Dugré JR, Fahim C, Zaharieva V, Lipp O, Mendrek A, Dumais A.
Background: Despite individuals with schizophrenia being at an elevated risk of violence compared to the general population, limited efforts have been invested in investigating the neurobiological etiology explaining the increase. Among the few stud... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Is trauma center designation associated with disparities in discharge to rehabilitation centers among elderly patients with Traumatic Brain Injury? - Gorman E, Frangos S, DiMaggio C, Bukur M, Klein M, Pachter HL, Berry C.
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the role of trauma center designation in the association of race and insurance status with disposition to rehabilitation centers among elderly patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). METHODS: The National Traum... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Youth with elevated psychopathic traits exhibit structural integrity deficits in the uncinate fasciculus - Maurer JM, Paul S, Anderson NE, Nyalakanti PK, Kiehl KA.
Youth with elevated psychopathic traits represent a particularly severe subgroup of adolescents characterized by extreme behavioral problems and exhibit comparable neurocognitive deficits as adult offenders with psychopathic traits. A consistent finding am... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Effect of alcohol use on the adolescent brain and behavior - Lees B, Meredith LR, Kirkland AE, Bryant BE, Squeglia LM.
Adolescence is a particularly vulnerable neurodevelopmental period marked by high rates of engagement with risky alcohol use. This review summarizes the cognitive and neural consequences following alcohol use during adolescence from longitudinal design stu... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Circadian rhythms, sleep, and the autonomic nervous system - Garbarino S, Lanteri P, Feeling NR, Jarczok MN, Quintana DS, Koenig J, Sannita WG.
Circadian rhythms play an essential role in the homeostatic regulation and functional balance of temperature, cardiovascular and metabolic adaptation, feeding, reproduction, development and maturation, hormonal status/neurohormonal interaction, and the... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Janssen Announces Health Canada Approval of CABENUVA ™, the First Long-Acting Regimen for the Treatment of HIV
Cork, Ireland, March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that Health Canada has approved CABENUVA™ (cabotegravir and rilpivirine extended release injectable suspensions), the first and only once-monthly, long-acting regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults. CABENUVA™ is indicated as a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults to replace the current antiretroviral regimen in patients who are virologically stable and suppressed (HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies per milliliter [mL]). CABENUVA™, a co-packaged kit with ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 20, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Deep Learning Predicts Stroke-Lesion Changes at 1 Week Deep Learning Predicts Stroke-Lesion Changes at 1 Week
Armed with only baseline MRI findings, a new deep learning algorithm may accurately estimate size and location of acute stroke lesions at 3 to 7 days.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Radiology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Radiology Headlines - March 20, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Machine Learning, Neuroimaging to Detect First Episode Psychosis Machine Learning, Neuroimaging to Detect First Episode Psychosis
Can machine learning applied to neuroanatomical data successfully distinguish between patients with first episode psychosis and healthy controls?Schizophrenia Bulletin (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry Journal Article Source Type: news

Traumatic Neuroma of a Cervical Nerve Root, Without Trauma Traumatic Neuroma of a Cervical Nerve Root, Without Trauma
What did MRI reveal about the etiology of this patient's right forearm pain?Applied Radiology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Radiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Pain Mechanisms in Hereditary Palmoplantar Keratodermas Pain Mechanisms in Hereditary Palmoplantar Keratodermas
This study explores the possible neuropathic and inflammatory mechanisms that might contribute to pain in this disease.The British Journal of Dermatology (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - March 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Journal Article Source Type: news

Daily meditation could slow aging in your brain, study says
Taking up meditation while sheltering-in-place may not only help you cope with the stress of the coronavirus pandemic, it may even keep your brain from aging. (Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - March 20, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Janssen Highlights Continued Commitment to Cardiovascular & Metabolic Healthcare Solutions with Late-Breaking Data at the First Fully Virtual American College of Cardiology Scientific Session
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 20, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

How the brain controls the voice
(Goethe University Frankfurt) A particular neuronal circuit in the brains of bats controls their vocalisations. This was recently discovered by biologists at Goethe University Frankfurt. Based on the rhythm with which the circuit oscillated, the Frankfurt researchers were able to predict the kind of sounds the bats were about to make. These research results could contribute to a better understanding of human diseases in which language is impaired such as Parkinson's or Tourette syndrome. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Lin studying gene transcription in blood of patients treated for opioid use disorder
(George Mason University) MingKuan Lin, Research Assistant Professor, INOVA Neuroscience, School of Systems Biology, is working to measure gene expression levels in blood from patients undergoing treatment with buprenorphine for opioid use disorder. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - March 20, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

New brain reading technology could help the development of brainwave-controlled devices
(The Francis Crick Institute) A new method to accurately record brain activity at scale has been developed by researchers at the Crick, Stanford University and UCL. The technique could lead to new medical devices to help amputees, people with paralysis or people with neurological conditions such as motor neurone disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Each baby counts: 2019 progress report
This report recommends new measures to reduce stillbirths, baby deaths and brain injuries. (Source: NHS Networks)
Source: NHS Networks - March 20, 2020 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Coronavirus UK: Death toll hits 137, youngest fatality is 47
Only a handful of coronavirus victims have already been identified, including the UK's youngest - a 45-year-old with motor neurone disease from Kettering in Northamptonshire. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New Data on US Opioid Overdose Deaths New Data on US Opioid Overdose Deaths
Overdose deaths involving prescription opioids and heroin declined from 2017 to 2018, while deaths involving synthetic opioids increased, according to the latest federal data.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - March 19, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Drug Trials Snapshots: LUTATHERA
For the treatment of somatostatin receptor-positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - March 19, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Brain-boosting berberine: Study shows it reduces likelihood of Alzheimer's disease
(Natural News) Berberine is a naturally occurring compound found in the plants that belong to the genus Berberis. Today, it is used as a supplement and is known to provide a wide variety of health benefits, including weight loss, reduced blood sugar and improved heart health. But recently, researchers from Hong Kong and Macau found... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - March 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

"Hero" Proteins May Shield Other Proteins from Harm
Flexible proteins appear to protect molecules from becoming denatured in extreme conditions such as heat and from clumping up, as happens in some neurodegenerative diseases. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - March 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Researchers find key to keep working memory working
Yale researchers ’ discovery of a key molecule in the brain could lead to potential treatments for neurocognitive disorders like schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - March 19, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Sports Concussion Recovery May Be Slower Than Thought
THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 -- Less than half of patients with sports-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI) achieve clinical recovery within two weeks after injury, according to a study published in the March issue of the Clinical Journal of... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - March 19, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Plasma exosome-derived microRNAs as novel biomarkers of traumatic brain injury in rats - Wang P, Ma H, Zhang Y, Zeng R, Yu J, Liu R, Jin X, Zhao Y.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widespread central nervous system (CNS) condition and a leading cause of death, disability, and long-term disability including seizures and emotional and behavioral issues. To date, applicable diagnostic biomarkers have no... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news

Substance use on admission toxicology screen is associated with peri-injury factors and six-month outcome after traumatic brain injury: a TRACK-TBI pilot study - Yue JK, Phelps RRL, Winkler EA, Deng H, Upadhyayula PS, Vassar MJ, Madhok DY, Schnyer DM, Puccio AM, Lingsma HF, Yuh EL, Mukherjee P, Valadka AB, Okonkwo DO, Manley GT.
Substance use is commonly associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We investigate associations between active substance use, peri-injury factors, and outcome after TBI across three U.S. Level I trauma centers. TBI subjects from the prospective Transfo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

PTSD, but not history of mTBI, is associated with altered myelin in combat-exposed Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans - Jak AJ, Jurick S, Hoffman S, Evangelista ND, DeFord N, Keller A, Merritt VC, Sanderson-Cimino M, Sorg S, Delano-Wood L, Bangen KJ.
Objective: To investigate the biological, cognitive, and psychological presentations of combat-exposed Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using a novel white matter imaging techn... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

New ischemic lesions on brain MRI in patients with blunt traumatic cerebrovascular injury - Harrigan MR, Griffin RL, Deveikis JP, Prattipati V, Chimowitz MI, Jansen JO.
BACKGROUND: Patients with blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) are at risk of thromboembolic stroke. Although primary prevention with antithrombotic therapy is widely used in this setting, its effectiveness is not well defined, and requires further invest... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Estimating the epidemiology of mild traumatic brain injury in France from case mix of emergency departments - Manitchoko L, Bourdin V, Azouvi P, Hellmann R, Josseran L.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Comparison of care system and treatment approaches for patients with Traumatic Brain Injury in China versus Europe: a CENTER-TBI survey study - Feng JF, van Veen E, Yang C, Huijben JA, Lingsma HF, Gao GY, Jiang J, Maas A.
TBI poses a huge public health and societal problem worldwide. Uncertainty exists on how care system and treatment approaches for TBI worked in China may differ from those in Europe. Better knowledge on this is important to facilitate interpretation of fin... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The Canadian High-Resolution Traumatic Brain Injury (CAHR-TBI) Research Collaborative - Bernard F, Gallagher C, Griesdale D, Kramer A, Sekhon M, Zeiler FA.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

A multicenter look at multidisciplinary youth concussion/mild traumatic brain injury programs: the Four Corners Youth Consortium (4CYC) - Choe MC, Rosenbaum P, Rivara FP, Gioia GA, Giza CC.
Over 3.8 million sport-related concussions (SRCs)/mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) occur annually, and approximately half a million children are seen in the emergency department setting each year.1 Recreational activities, particularly contact spo... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Craniofacial and neck burns in the pediatric population - Othman S, Sethi HK, Cohn JE, Shokri T, Davis WJ.
INTRODUCTION: Burn injuries can present with catastrophic physical and psychiatric harm with extensive, long-term sequelae. The pediatric population may especially be at-risk given this population's early neurocognitive and behavioral state of development.... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - March 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

10 Years Later, Obamacare ’s Complicated Legacy Still Shapes the Nation
Maurine Stuart credits the Affordable Care Act (ACA) for saving her family. In 2014, Stuart was diagnosed with HELLP syndrome, a rare disease that causes heart, liver and lymphatic problems. As a result, she was unable to continue working full time—which meant losing her employer-sponsored health insurance. But thankfully, she says, that same year, her home state of West Virginia opted in to the 2010 Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid-coverage expansion, and she qualified. Over the next few years, as bad news kept rolling in, ACA protections continued to keep Stuart’s family afloat. When Stuart was diagnosed ...
Source: TIME: Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Abigail Abrams Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news