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New AAN Guideline on Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest New AAN Guideline on Neuroprotection After Cardiac Arrest
An expert panel recommends therapeutic hypothermia or targeted temperature management in comatose patients resuscitated after nontraumatic cardiac arrest, among other strategies to reduce brain injury.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Preop Opioid Use Linked to Worse Spine Surgery Outcomes Preop Opioid Use Linked to Worse Spine Surgery Outcomes
The cause of worse outcomes after lumbar fusion surgery could be multifactorial, ranging from worse baseline pain to effects of the drugs themselves, researchers speculate.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Alzheimer's Risk Allele Linked to Disease Severity in CTE Alzheimer's Risk Allele Linked to Disease Severity in CTE
In addition to disease stage, a new study shows that APOE epsilon 4 was associated with increased risk for dementia and ptau density in those with CTE.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

All NSAIDs Linked to Increased MI Risk All NSAIDs Linked to Increased MI Risk
A new meta-analysis of patient-level data found that the heightened risk for myocardial infarction occurred in the first week with all five commonly used NSAIDs.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Is It Time to Rethink Low Vitamin D as a Contributor to MS? Is It Time to Rethink Low Vitamin D as a Contributor to MS?
From the 2017 AAN Annual Meeting, Medscape speaks with Dr Annette Langer-Gould about her research questioning the long-believed link between MS and vitamin D deficiency.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Expert Interview Source Type: news

Subclinical Seizures Linked to Memory Loss? Subclinical Seizures Linked to Memory Loss?
Case reports suggest silent hippocampal seizures may contribute to cognitive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease, offering a potential new therapeutic target, researchers say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Circadian Body Temp Linked to Consciousness After Brain Injury Circadian Body Temp Linked to Consciousness After Brain Injury
Circadian rhythms may be an important therapeutic target in patients with a disorder of consciousness after brain injury, researchers say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Concussive Blast Mild TBI Symptoms May Worsen Over Time Concussive Blast Mild TBI Symptoms May Worsen Over Time
New research suggests battlefield concussive blast injury may be associated with a progressive, evolving disease process.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Spine Injuries Lower, Not Higher, With Motorcycle Helmet Spine Injuries Lower, Not Higher, With Motorcycle Helmet
An analysis of motorcycle injuries over 5 years shows that contrary to previous thought, helmet use is associated with lower, not higher, rates of cervical spine injury.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 4, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Multidisciplinary Review Reduces Unnecessary Lumbar Surgeries Multidisciplinary Review Reduces Unnecessary Lumbar Surgeries
With the input of a multidisciplinary team of specialists, nonsurgical options emerge for the majority of lumbar fusion surgery recommendations.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 4, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

White Cell Count May Predict Ischemia After SAH White Cell Count May Predict Ischemia After SAH
Systemic inflammation is seen as a possible culprit increasing the risk for delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 4, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Alemtuzumab: Durable Efficacy at 6 Years in MS Alemtuzumab: Durable Efficacy at 6 Years in MS
Extension studies confirm durability of the drug's effects in patients with active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, but safety is still an issue.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 4, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

In Stroke, a Major Reduction in Door-to-Needle Time In Stroke, a Major Reduction in Door-to-Needle Time
Dr Mark Alberts reviews two studies from AAN 2017 which found that door-to-needle time for tPA in acute stroke can be reduced--often drastically.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 4, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Commentary Source Type: news

Medtronic to Update Device Label After Spinal Surgery Deaths Medtronic to Update Device Label After Spinal Surgery Deaths
After numerous reports of patient injuries, including two deaths, the company is warning against using non-Medtronic instruments with its NavLock Tracker during surgical procedures, the FDA announced.News Alerts (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 3, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

No Benefit of Aspirin in Preventing Dementia No Benefit of Aspirin in Preventing Dementia
A new review of the literature has found no evidence that low-dose aspirin protects against cognitive decline or dementia.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 2, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Brain Alterations Linked to PTSD, FND Brain Alterations Linked to PTSD, FND
Distinct cingulo-insular alterations were associated with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and functional neurologic disorders, as well as the magnitude of lifetime adverse events.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 2, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Resuming Anticoagulants After ICH: A Cautious Nod? Resuming Anticoagulants After ICH: A Cautious Nod?
Resumption of anticoagulation in patients after ICH was associated with a lower risk for thromboembolic events, such as stroke and myocardial infarction, with no apparent heightened risk for recurrence, in a new meta-analysis.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - May 1, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Outcomes Better, Not Worse, in Overlapping Neurosurgeries Outcomes Better, Not Worse, in Overlapping Neurosurgeries
The analysis of nearly 15,000 neurosurgical procedures counters public concerns of compromised outcomes associated with overlapping surgeries.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Safe in Early Pituitary Tumor Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Safe in Early Pituitary Tumor
A new study shows no significant difference in endocrinopathies with early vs late treatment of residual recurring nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas; longer follow-up is needed, researchers say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Migraine Tied to Hypertension Risk in Women Migraine Tied to Hypertension Risk in Women
Women who have migraine headaches, particularly migraine without aura, are at increased risk for hypertension, a new study suggests.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Women at 50% Higher Risk for Sports-Related Concussion Women at 50% Higher Risk for Sports-Related Concussion
Female athletes may be at significantly higher risk for concussion than their male counterparts, new research shows. However, the reason behind this phenomenon is unclear.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Further Evidence Parkinson's May Start in the Gut Further Evidence Parkinson's May Start in the Gut
A Swedish study has shown a lower risk for Parkinson's in individuals who have had a vagotomy, supporting the idea that the disease may spread from the gut to the brain via the vagus nerve.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

CHERISH: Nusinersen May Improve Motor Function in SMA CHERISH: Nusinersen May Improve Motor Function in SMA
The phase 3 CHERISH trial showed that children with SMA receiving nusinersen had greater improvements in overall motor function and upper-limb function than did those receiving a sham procedure.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

FDA Clears Cerliponase Alfa for Form of Batten Disease FDA Clears Cerliponase Alfa for Form of Batten Disease
Brineura is the first FDA-approved drug to slow loss of walking ability in children with neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 (CLN2) disease.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

For Headache--Peripheral Nerve Block, Steroids, or Both? For Headache--Peripheral Nerve Block, Steroids, or Both?
From the AAN Annual Meeting, Medscape speaks with Dr Matthew S. Robbins about two new studies looking at peripheral nerve blocks and steroid treatment for headache disorders.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Expert Interview Source Type: news

Racial Disparities Found in Access to Neurologic Services Racial Disparities Found in Access to Neurologic Services
Blacks and Hispanics were less likely than whites to visit a neurologist for conditions such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, a new study found.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Platelet Function Testing Important With Pipeline Embolization Platelet Function Testing Important With Pipeline Embolization
Identification of patients who will be poor responders to antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel can help avoid thromboembolic complications after flow diversion procedures for intracranial aneurysm.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Phase 3 Trials Positive for Erenumab in Migraine Prevention Phase 3 Trials Positive for Erenumab in Migraine Prevention
Both STRIVE and ARISE phase 3 trials met their primary outcomes, showing greater reductions in monthly migraine days for patients with episodic migraine treated with erenumab vs those receiving placebo.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) 2017 Annual Meeting American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) 2017 Annual Meeting
Read clinically focused news coverage of key developments from AANS 2017.Medscape Neurology (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Conference Coverage Source Type: news

T Cells Targeting Epstein-Barr Virus -- A New Treatment for MS? T Cells Targeting Epstein-Barr Virus -- A New Treatment for MS?
This new approach -- based on the theory that the Epstein-Barr virus plays a causative role in MS -- has shown encouraging results in a preliminary study.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Even Mildly Insufficient Sleep Linked to Depression Even Mildly Insufficient Sleep Linked to Depression
Getting 6 hours of sleep per night, just 1 less than'optimum sleep duration,'was associated with 60% to 80% greater risk for depression, hopelessness, and nervousness, report investigators.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Adult Antiepileptics for PGTC Seizures Effective in Children Adult Antiepileptics for PGTC Seizures Effective in Children
New research bolsters the argument for extrapolating to children the data from adult studies of drugs, even for primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (PGTC).Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Both Overweight and Underweight Linked to Migraine Both Overweight and Underweight Linked to Migraine
Although past research has shown that obesity may increase risk for migraine, a new meta-analysis shows that being underweight may also up the risk -- by 13%.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 21, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Diet Drinks Linked to Increased Stroke and Dementia Risk Diet Drinks Linked to Increased Stroke and Dementia Risk
Although cause and effect cannot be determined from this new epidemiologic study, the results add to growing literature suggesting that artificially sweetened beverages may not be healthy alternatives to sugary drinks.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Cannabidiol Reduces Drop Seizures in Lennox-Gastaut Cannabidiol Reduces Drop Seizures in Lennox-Gastaut
Patients taking a commercial cannabidiol product (Epidiolex) had significantly fewer drop seizures than those receiving placebo but had more adverse events.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

TOLEDO: Apomorphine Reduces Parkinson's'Off' Time TOLEDO: Apomorphine Reduces Parkinson's'Off' Time
Phase 3 TOLEDO trial results show that patients with PD given subcutaneous apomorphine infusion had significantly greater reductions in treatment'off'time than did those receiving placebo infusions.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 20, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

C-Reactive Protein: A Prognostic Biomarker for ALS? C-Reactive Protein: A Prognostic Biomarker for ALS?
High CRP levels may also identify patients with ALS who respond better to a drug in development for the condition, a new study suggests.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 19, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

FDA Approves Vagus Stimulation Device for Cluster Headache FDA Approves Vagus Stimulation Device for Cluster Headache
The FDA has approved a noninvasive vagus nerve stimulation device for the treatment of pain from cluster headache in adults.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 18, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

Children in Home Affect Sleep for Women but Not Men Children in Home Affect Sleep for Women but Not Men
Identifying the factors that drive insufficient sleep could help target approaches to optimize sleep and overall health, researchers say.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Positive Cardiac Troponin in Stroke Signals Mortality Risk Positive Cardiac Troponin in Stroke Signals Mortality Risk
An elevated troponin level was a stronger marker of risk than either age or size of stroke in a new study.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Neurologist Income Up 3%, but Many Unsatisfied With Pay Neurologist Income Up 3%, but Many Unsatisfied With Pay
Neurologists rank in the lower third in terms of compensation for all physicians; only 50% feel they are fairly compensated.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Criminal Intent May Be Measurable on Imaging Criminal Intent May Be Measurable on Imaging
With knowledge or recklessness? Investigators say machine-learning techniques plus brain imaging may predict what state someone is in during a crime, which may eventually help in the legal process.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

More Data Suggest Stroke Rates Rising in Younger Adults More Data Suggest Stroke Rates Rising in Younger Adults
A new study suggests stroke rates almost doubled in younger men between 2003 and 2012, but are these data reflecting epidemiologic truth or just capturing changes in the measurement system?Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

FDA Approves Valbenazine (Ingrezza) for Tardive Dyskinesia FDA Approves Valbenazine (Ingrezza) for Tardive Dyskinesia
The US Food and Drug Administration has approved valbenazine, the first medication for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia.FDA Approvals (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

Exercise Linked to Independence Before and After Stroke Exercise Linked to Independence Before and After Stroke
Conversely, body mass index was not related to the degree of independence in terms of activities of daily living before or after stroke, in a new study.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Medtronic Recalls All StrataMR Valves, Shunts for Hydrocephalus Medtronic Recalls All StrataMR Valves, Shunts for Hydrocephalus
The recall is based on the potential for under-drainage of cerebrospinal fluid after the StrataMR valves and shunts are implanted, the company said.News Alerts (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

Many With Advanced Dementia Receiving Drugs of Uncertain Benefit Many With Advanced Dementia Receiving Drugs of Uncertain Benefit
Researchers find 45% of nursing home residents with dementia receiving at least one drug of questionable benefit continued to receive them right up to the last week before death.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Two New ALS Biomarkers in the Pipeline Two New ALS Biomarkers in the Pipeline
Two different potential biomarkers for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been identified, which it's hoped will help stratify patients and guide clinical trials of new therapies.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

Ventricular Enlargement Plus Idiopathic NPH Symptoms May Up Risk for Dementia Ventricular Enlargement Plus Idiopathic NPH Symptoms May Up Risk for Dementia
Enlarged ventricles in the brain plus one symptom of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus is associated with an increase in all-cause dementia, even after initially successful shunt surgery, say researchers.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

MR CLEAN at 2 Years: Endovascular Benefit Maintained in Stroke MR CLEAN at 2 Years: Endovascular Benefit Maintained in Stroke
These latest results show that the increase in functional independence seen with the use of stent retrievers is still apparent at 2 years.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - April 6, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news