Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors among Secondary School Adolescent Girls in Jimma Town, Oromia Regional State, Southwest Ethiopia.

Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factors among Secondary School Adolescent Girls in Jimma Town, Oromia Regional State, Southwest Ethiopia. Anemia. 2020;2020:5043646 Authors: Fentie K, Wakayo T, Gizaw G Abstract Background: Anemia defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration is public health importance. The adolescence age group is the most neglected in public health and nutrition research as priorities are usually given to pregnant women, lactating mothers, and their children less than 2 years. Current Ethiopian Food and Nutrition policy included adolescent girls in the most at-risk group for nutritional demands; however, only a few published studies have assessed a deficiency of anemia and associated factors to tackle the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Objective: To assess the prevalence of anemia and associated factors among high school adolescent girls in Jimma town. Methods: Data were collected from 528 secondary school adolescent girls by a school-based cross-sectional study design in Jimma town from 1/1/2019 to 1/2/2019, southwest Ethiopia. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. A portable battery-operated HemoCue Hb 301+ analyzer was used to measure the hemoglobin level, and then reading was classified as normal Hb ≥ 12 g\dl and anemic if the hemoglobin value
Source: Anemia - Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research

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ConclusionTJBC has the strength of collecting comprehensive maternal, paternal and childhood information. With a diverse range of biological samples, we are also engaging with emerging new technologies for multi-omics researches. The study would provide new insight into the causal link between macro/micro-environmental exposures of early life and short/long-term health consequences. PMID: 33012776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research
ksen C, Dupuis-Girod S, Foy P, Geisthoff U, Gossage JR, Hammill A, Heimdal K, Henderson K, Iyer VN, Kjeldsen AD, Komiyama M, Korenblatt K, McDonald J, McMahon J, McWilliams J, Meek ME, Mei-Zahav M, Olitsky S, Palmer S, Pantalone R, Piccirillo JF, Plahn B, Porteous MEM, Post MC, Radovanovic I, Rochon PJ, Rodriguez-Lopez J, Sabba C, Serra M, Shovlin C, Sprecher D, White AJ, Winship I, Zarrabeitia R Abstract DESCRIPTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 5000 that is characterized by the presence of vascular malformations (VMs). These res...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesTo determine the efficacy of tranexamic acid in decreasing blood loss in elective/emergency LSCS.Materials and MethodsA prospective randomised case control study was done in 200 pregnant women undergoing elective/emergency LSCS in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Mysuru, from December 2018 to September 2019. Women in the age group of 18 –35 years were included in the study. Those with anaemia (Hb 
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusion: Short IPI is associated with anemia in pregnancy in Nigeria. Public health campaigns for improvement in uptake of family planning services and breastfeeding may help reduce the incidence of short IPI and anemia in low income countries.
Source: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice - Category: Rural Health Authors: Source Type: research
This study used nationally representative data from demographic and health surveys (DHS) in Namibia, Kenya and Sierra Leone. A direct sisterhood method was used to estimate pregnancy-related deaths based on 7 years of recollection. Findings of the study reveal that death during the antenatal period was the commonest time of death in mothers aged 15-19, while death during delivery and two months after delivery were the leading causes of death for mothers aged 20-24. Pregnancy-related deaths were more prevalent among women with no schooling or primary education than their counterparts with secondary and higher education.Impa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Uterine fibroids (UF; leiomyomas) are common, benign, gynecological smooth-muscle tumors occurring in up to 80 % of women by 50 years of age [1 –4]. Symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), anemia, moderate/severe pain, pressure, infertility, and pregnancy complications [3–5], which have a considerable effect on women’s quality of life (QoL), causing psychological distress and placing substantial financial burden on patients a nd healthcare systems [1,6–8].
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
HORSHAM, Pa., April 21, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) in combination with rituximab for the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) who are new to therapy. The approval is based on positive results from the landmark Phase 3 E1912 study that was designed and conducted by the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group (ECOG-ACRIN) and sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. Today’s mil...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Turner syndrome (TS) is one of the most common sex chromosome disorders and is characterized by short stature and gonadal dysgenesis. A few patients with TS achieve normal sexual development, menarche, and even pregnancy. We encountered two cases of Turner syndrome with spontaneous sexual development and menstruation. The patients had different karyotypes, 45,X monosomy and 45,X/47,XXX mosaic TS, and presented with severe anemia due to excessive menstrual bleeding. Abnormal uterine bleeding patterns are expected in patients with primary ovarian insufficiency; however, the menstrual patterns of patients with TS have not bee...
Source: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Source Type: research
Uterine fibroids affect up to 80% of reproductive-aged women. Although many women are asymptomatic, fibroids can cause pelvic pain, abnormal uterine bleeding, anemia, urinary frequency, infertility, and adverse pregnancy outcomes that can impair quality of life. Fifty percent of women with symptomatic fibroids report a detrimental impact on their mental and physical health (1). Fibroids appear to have a greater impact on quality of life than other chronic conditions, including asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (2).
Source: Fertility and Sterility - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reflections Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Case Reports in Women's HealthAuthor(s): Antonella Iannaccone, Marvin Darkwah Oppong, Philipp Dammann, Rainer Kimmig, Angela KöningerAbstractA fetal subdural hematoma (SDH) was diagnosed in a patient with sickle cell disease (SCD) during a routine ultrasound exam in the 30th week of pregnancy. A scan performed a few days earlier had revealed no abnormalities. After interdisciplinary consultation with neurosurgeons and neonatologists, a cesarean section was performed since acute subdural bleeding was hypothesized and the mother's condition was critical. After s...
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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