Impact of a low-carbohydrate and high-fiber diet on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

Impact of a low-carbohydrate and high-fiber diet on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2020;29(3):483-490 Authors: Chen J, Huang Y, Xie H, Bai H, Lin G, Dong Y, Shi D, Wang J, Zhang Q, Zhang Y, Sun J Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of a low-carbohydrate and high-fiber diet and education on patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We randomly divided 44 patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease into two groups: low-carbohydrate and high-fiber diet and education (intervention group), and education alone (control group). Liver and kidney function, fasting plasma glucose, insulin resistance index, body composition, and controlled attenuation parameter were detected before and after the intervention. RESULTS: After 2 months, the body fat, body weight, abdominal circumference, and visceral fat area, fasting plasma glucose, insulin resistance index, and levels of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate transaminase, uric acid, and insulin of the intervention group were significantly lower than before (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Hepatobiliary &Pancreatic Diseases InternationalAuthor(s): Si-Yu Shao, Yi-Lan Wang, Li-Min Feng, Ying Zhao
Source: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Purpose of review High-protein intake is commonly recommended to help people manage body weight. However, high-protein intake could have adverse health consequences. Here we review the latest findings concerning the effect of high-protein intake on cardiometabolic health. Recent findings Calorie-reduced, high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets lower plasma glucose in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, when carbohydrate intake is not markedly reduced, high-protein intake often does not alter plasma glucose and increases insulin and glucagon concentrations, which are risk factors for T2D and ischemic heart disease...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: NUTRITION AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTION: Edited by Annemie M.W.J. Schols and Labros S. Sidossis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results suggest that lipid accumulation induced macrophage recruitment in swine livers, and that the number of M2-like macrophages increased at the early stage of NAFLD, while the number of M1-like macrophages increased at the late stage of NAFLD, resulting in a liver condition like non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. We provide evidence of the phenotypic changes that occur in macrophages during the development of NAFLD that has never been reported before using µMPs. PMID: 33012740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results highlight ERRα as a key mediator which contributes to the sex disparity in NAFLD development, suggesting that selectively restoring ERRα activity in the liver may be a novel strategy for treating NAFLD/NASH.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that structural adventitial modifications and perivascular adipose tissue (PAT) may have a role in early atherogenesis. In a cohort of children and adolescents, we explored (1) the association of carotid extra-media thickness (cEMT), an ultrasound measure whose main determinants are arterial adventitia and PAT, with obesity and its cardiometabolic complications; and (2) the interplay between cEMT and endothelial function.Methods: The study participants included 286 youths (age, 6–16 years; 154 boys, and 132 girls). Anthropometric and laboratory parameters, liver ultrasound, vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
María Lamuela-Raventós Enrique Almanza-Aguilera Montserrat Fitó Jordi Salas-Salvadó Andrés Díaz-López Francisco J. Tinahones Josep A. Tur Dora Romaguera Jadwiga Konieczna Xavier Pintó Lidia Daimiel Ana Rodriguez-Mateos José Alfredo Martínez Metabolic syndrome (MetS) components are strongly associated with increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) development. Several studies have supported that resveratrol is associated with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects on health status. The main objective of th...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Real-time US-SWE is an accurate, noninvasive technique for evaluating the histological stages of NAFLD by measuring liver stiffness. We recommend using the mean elastic modulus to differentiate the histological stages, with the minimum and maximum elastic modulus as valuable complements. PMID: 32925160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology - Category: Radiology Tags: J Xray Sci Technol Source Type: research
In conclusion, long-term feeding of either HFHF or WDHC are reliable methods to induce NASH and diet-potentiated liver cancer in mice of both sexes; however, the choice of diet involves a trade-off between severity of metabolic syndrome and liver damage. PMID: 32924526 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Am J Physiol Endocri... - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), in which abnormal lipid metabolism plays an important role in disease progression, has become a pandemic. Abnormal lipid metabolism, for example an increased fat intake, has been thought to be an initial factor leading to NAFLD. The small intestine is the main site of dietary lipid absorption. A number of clinical trials have shown that acupuncture has positive effects in the regulation of lipid metabolism, which is closely associated with the progression of NAFLD. We therefore hypothesized that, acupuncture can improve the conditions of NAFLD by regu...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
We reported the hepatic gene expression profiling in mice treated by perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and high fat diet (HFD). Chronic HFD treatment was associated with gene expression changes in cholesterol biosynthetic process, lipid metabolic process, extracellular matrix, and inflammatory response pathways. Many chemokine related genes including Ccl2, Ccr2, Ccl3l3, Cx3cl1, Cx3cr1, Cxcl14, and toll-like receptor (TLR) related genes including Tlr2, Tlr7, Tlr8, Tlr13 were all significant upregulated comparing vehicle-treated HFD-fed mice to control diet (CD)-fed mice, suggesting their roles in the development of steatohepatitis....
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
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