Effects of an individualized nutrition intervention on the respiratory quotient of patients with liver failure.
This study explored the effect of an individualized nutrition intervention on the respiratory quotient of patients with liver failure. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: An individualized 2-week nutrition intervention was conducted on patients with nutritional risk caused by liver failure according to patient resting energy expenditure. Patients were separated into two groups for further analysis according to whether their energy intake reached 1.2 times their resting energy expenditure. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients with nutritional risk caused by liver failure were enrolled. Their average respiratory quotient was 0.79 (0....
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu X, Kong M, Hua X, Yang Y, Xu M, Bi Y, Li L, Duan Z, Chen Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Auscultation-assisted bedside postpyloric placement of feeding tube in critically ill patients: a prospective, observational study.
CONCLUSIONS: Assistance by auscultation can significantly improve the success rate of nasal feeding tube placement. This simple, safe and fast approach is feasible for the application among health practitioners in the intensive care unit. PMID: 31464389 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiao J, Mao Z, Hua M, Chen T, Liu H, Hu P, Tang S, Kang H, Zhou F Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Prognostic significance of preoperative skeletal muscle status in patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association between skeletal muscle status and gastric cancer (GC) prognosis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the impact of the skeletal muscle index (SMI) on overall survival (OS) in GC patients after radical gastrectomy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We divided 178 patients into four groups: adult men, adult women, elderly men and elderly women. The SMI, calculated using CT images, of patients was graded using cutoff values of group-specific tertiles. Age, body mass index, SMI grade, Charlson comorbidity index, surgical method (total vs distal gastrectomy), tumor st...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hu CL, Jin XH, Yuan ZD, Xiong SW, Zhang L, Hou JN, Ao S, Wu JL, Shi HP, Ji JF, Lyv GQ Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of oral nutritional supplementation on the post-discharge nutritional status and quality of life of gastrointestinal cancer patients after surgery: a multi-center study.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) on the postdischarge nutritional status and quality of life (QoL) of gastrointestinal cancer patients after surgery. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-center study was conducted on gastrointestinal cancer patients who received surgical treatment from 2013-2015. All patients were screened using the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) to assess nutritional risk. Patients with nutritional risk were randomized into two groups: patients in the study group (n=55) were given dietary guidance and ONS, control gro...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhu MW, Yang X, Xiu DR, Yang Y, Li GX, Hu WG, Wang ZG, Cui HY, Wei JM Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of micronutrient pack on micronutrient status and antioxidant capacities among institutional older adults in Shanghai, China.
This study aimed to investigate the effect of micronutrient pack on micronutrient status and oxidative/antioxidative biomarkers in institutional older adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Subjects aged 65-100 years were randomly assigned to either intervention group or control group (n=49 each), providing a package of micronutrient pack or placebo daily for three months. The concentrations of micronutrients, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected both at baseline and at the end of the study. RESULTS: The changes in concentrations of serum folate (21.1&plus...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ren Q, Xie H, Chen YQ, Wu CF, Li H, Lu YW, Lin N, Li X, Yuan W, Yang YH, Jin HM, Sun JQ Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Riceberry rice puddings: rice-based low glycemic dysphagia diets.
CONCLUSIONS: Addition of fiber to the original pudding changed physical properties but not significantly reduced the GI. Original and high-fiber Riceberry rice puddings could be low-GI dysphagia diets, which may be useful for step-wise swallowing practice from IDDSI level 3 to 4 for those who also required blood sugar control. PMID: 31464393 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Suttireung P, Winuprasith T, Srichamnong W, Paemuang W, Phonyiam T, Trachootham D Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Diet and lipid-lowering drug use among people with dyslipidemia in Korea.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity and diet contribute to the development of hypercholesterolemia; therefore, controlling blood lipid concentration through diet is essential. To understand the role of diet in controlling blood lipid concentration, we evaluated the food and nutrient intakes, anthropometry, and blood lipid concentrations of adults with dyslipidemia with or without lipid-lowering drug use. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this crosssectional study, three-year data were obtained from the 6th-7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015-2017). Patients with dyslipidemia ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang KY, Yong CS, Choi HD, Kim JO Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Bridging the gap between research and practice for nutrition support after pelvic exenteration surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Practical strategies to promote enablers and reduce barriers are required to bring about positive change and align practice with the evidence. PMID: 31464395 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hogan S, Solomon M, Rangan A, Carey S Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of palm oil consumption on plasma lipid concentrations related to cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The precise association between palm oil consumption and lipid-related cardiovascular disease risk remains unclear. A systematic review was thus performed to assess whether palm oil consumption has a negative effect on plasma lipid-related cardiovascular disease marker levels. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In June 2018, the electronic bibliographic databases PubMed, EMBASE (Ovid), the Cochrane Library (Ovid) and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched and a total of 11 eligible dietary intervention articles involving 961 volunteers were selected. Both random...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang F, Zhao D, Yang Y, Zhang L Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Major dietary patterns and their relationship to obesity among urbanized adult Tibetan pastoralists.
CONCLUSIONS: Urban and western dietary patterns independently predict the likelihood of being overweight. Improved nutrition education may contribute to healthier eating behaviors, thus reducing or preventing obesity. PMID: 31464397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peng W, Liu Y, Liu Y, Zhao H, Chen H Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship between carbohydrate intake and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Chinese adults: data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS).
CONCLUSIONS: Higher-carbohydrate diets may associate with risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Moderate carbohydrate intake is recommended for daily consumption. These results suggest that improving dietary patterns may be an important approach to the prevention of cardiovascular disease in Chinese adults. PMID: 31464398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ma Y, Su C, Wang H, Wang Z, Liang H, Zhang B Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Hemoglobin and ferritin concentrations are positively associated with blood pressure and hypertension risk in older adults: a retrospective cross-sectional study, Sharpeville, South Africa.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the association between Hemoglobin (Hb) and ferritin with blood pressure (BP) and risk of hypertension (HTN) among elderly South African adults in four time points over a period of 10 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We used the data source from the Sharpeville Project conducted among the elderly in Sharpeville, South Africa (SA). A total of 275 subjects from the 2004 data source were included. Among these, data were available for 251, 114, and 81 subjects in 2007, 2012, and 2014 respectively. Confounding factors included age, BMI, sodium intake, high-...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jamshidi-Naeini Y, Bavil AK, Egal A, Oldewage-Theron W Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Cord serum vitamin D in a South China birth cohort.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with many adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels (
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang JY, Wang J, Hu S, Chen D, Lu Q, Wei R, Tan M, Lash GE Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association of blood eosinophilia and vitamin D insufficiency in young infants with cow milk allergy.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cow milk allergy is the most common food allergic disease in young infants and vitamin D has a critical role in regulating intestinal inflammation. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: To determine roles of vitamin D in cow milk allergy, fifty-six young infants with cow milk allergy were enrolled. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), total and specific IgE, circulating regulatory T lymphocytes, and blood eosino-phil counts were determined. RESULTS: The serum 25OHD in cow milk allergy and age-matched infants were sim-ilar (68.3±38.9 nmol/L versus 72.9±33.1 nmol/L, ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li J, Mei X, Cai X, Zhuo Y, Zhang L, Guo H, Yang H, Yang G Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The contribution of milks and formulae to micronutrient intake in 1-3 years old children in urban China: a simulation study.
CONCLUSIONS: YCF may help to reduce the risk of insufficient intake of several key micronutrients for toddlers, independent of age. PMID: 31464402 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li T, You J, Pean J, Lluch A, Eussen S, Delaere F, Bindels JG, Dai Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Identifying appropriate pre-pregnancy body mass index classification to improve pregnancy outcomes in women of childbearing age in Beijing, China: a retrospective cohort study.
This study explored the appropriate classification of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) in women of childbearing age in Beijing, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Women with singleton pregnancies at more than 28 gestational weeks were retrospectively reviewed. Based on the pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2), these patients were divided into 7 groups: =18.5-22.9,>=23-23.9,>=24-24.9,>=25-27.9,>=28-29.9, and>=30. Pregnancy adverse outcomes, including gestational hypertension with or without preeclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus, initial cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, macrosomia, large-for-gestation...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhao RF, Zhou L, Zhang WY Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Infant feeding practices in relation to iron status and other possible nutritional deficiencies in Pathumthani, Thailand.
CONCLUSIONS: Infants with ID may have low intakes of other nutrients due to reduced complementary food intake. Nutritional education for appropriate feeding practices should be provided to prevent ID and other possible micronutrient deficiencies. PMID: 31464404 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thaweekul P, Surapolchai P, Sinlapamongkolkul P Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Egg intake in extremely undernourished Chinese women during reproductive age and subsequent nonfatal perimenopausal coronary events.
CONCLUSIONS: Egg intake under extreme undernutrition status during the childbearing period plays a critical role in preventing NCE during the postmenopausal period. PMID: 31464405 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu R, Li D, Ding L, Liu Y, Sun X, Xue F Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary diversity offsets the adverse mortality risk among older indigenous Taiwanese.
CONCLUSIONS: Older indigenous Taiwanese have a higher mortality risk than their majority counterparts. Irrespective of aboriginality, the more diverse diet is associated with a lower risk of mortality. PMID: 31464406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu CK, Huang YC, Lo YC, Wahlqvist ML, Lee MS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Diet quality score and survival rate in patients with colorectal cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Whole grain, fruit, red meat, coffee consumption habitus and frequency of grilled food were significantly associated with survival rate in Chinese population. The diet quality score may be useful for Chinese healthcare providers to advise patients on the optimal diet. PMID: 31464407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun H, Liu Y, Huang H, Li D, Zhao Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship between retinol and risk of diabetic retinopathy: a case-control study.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between retinol and risk of diabetic retinopathy in Chinese adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-six subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and 40 healthy subjects (healthy comparison group, HCG) were recruited in Beijing Luhe Hospital. Of the 86 T2DM subjects, 43 subjects were diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy (DRG), and 43 subjects had no retinopathy (DNRG). RESULTS: Dietary intake of retinol (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang C, Li K, Zhang J, Kuang X, Liu C, Deng Q, Li D Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Ageing affects the association between serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and cardiorespiratory fitness in middle-aged and elderly men.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The studies investigated the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are few, and the results are controversial. We aim to evaluate the association of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with CRF in adults, and assess whether the associations vary with ageing. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The study included 78 middle-aged (30-64 years) and 83 elderly (65-79 years) Japanese men. Hand grip strength and leg extension power were measured using hand grip and leg dynamometers, respectively. CRF was measured via a maximal gr...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun X, Tanisawa K, Ito T, Oshima S, Higuchi M, Cao ZB Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and individual metabolic abnormalities in China, 2002-2012.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on two nationally representative surveys, our results indicated that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is widespread and increasing in China. PMID: 31464410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: He Y, Li Y, Bai G, Zhang J, Fang Y, Zhao L, Zhao W, Yang X, Ding G Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The relationship between culture, food liking, and body mass index in Australian and Thai young adults.
This study investigates the association between food liking and BMI in young adults from Australia and Thailand. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Food liking data were collected via a validated online Food Liking Questionnaire (FLQ). Food liking scores were calculated for overall liking of groupings of foods: grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy, animal protein, plant-based protein, fat and oil, sweet food, salty food, and alcohol. The relationship between food liking and BMI (calculated from self-reported height and weight) was assessed using linear regression models including country and gender, and mean differences were asse...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wanich U, Riddell L, Cicerale S, Mohebbi M, Sayompark D, Liem DG, Keast RS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Sugars and sweeteners: science, innovations, and consumer guidance for Asia.
CONCLUSIONS: Public-private collaborations to develop healthy products and effective communication strategies can facilitate consumer acceptance and adoption of healthier foods. PMID: 31464412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - August 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Drewnowski A, Tappy L, Forde CG, McCrickerd K, Tee ES, Chan P, Amin L, Trinidad TP, Amarra MS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Addressing nutritional requirements of ageing consumers in Asia-recommendations from an expert workshop.
Abstract The number of older persons in Asia is expected to triple by 2050. Ageing is associated with non-communicable chronic diseases, malnutrition, and geriatric syndromes, which influences the burden on the cost related to healthcare, health outcomes, and the quality of life. Experts in the field of older adult nutrition from Asia, Australia, and Europe were invited to participate in a two-day workshop to review the available data, current policies and programs for the ageing population in different countries of Asia to identify the gaps in knowledge and to develop recommendations for action. In Asia, most of ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ong S, Woo J, Parikh P, Chan R, Sun J, Mun CY, Wee SL, Thu NN, Thang P, Setiati S, Huang YC, Wahlqvist ML, Bos R, de Groot LC Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Bioavailability and incorporation of nonheme iron from a representative Chinese diet in young urban Chinese women.
CONCLUSIONS: The bioavailability and incorporation rates of nonheme iron from representative comprehensive Chinese diets in healthy young urban Chinese women were evaluated. Our results can facilitate the establishment of dietary reference intake for iron in Chinese women. PMID: 31192549 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang L, Ren T, Zhang Y, Huang Z, Wang Z, Gou L, Wang J, Piao J, Yang X Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Pretreatment nutritional risk as a prognostic factor in head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of nutritional risk is high in head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, especially during treatment. Pretreatment nutritional risk evaluated using the NRS 2002 can predict patient prognosis. PMID: 31192550 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu W, Gao L, Huang X, Luo J, Zhang S, Wang K, Qu Y, Xiao J, Xu G, Li Y, Yi J Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The impact of daily use of an enteral feeding checklist on clinical outcomes in shock patients: a retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: The use of an enteral feeding checklist in shock patients was associated with earlier enteral nutrition delivery and decreased intensive care unit stay. PMID: 31192551 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mao Z, Yu Q, Liu C, Hu P, Hu X, Pan L, Kang H, Zhou F Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Barriers to enteral feeding of critically ill adults in Korea.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings support that the BEFIP-K is a feasible, valid instrument for assessing barriers to provision of enteral nutrition. PMID: 31192552 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chang SJ, Kim H Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrition support for critically ill patients in China: role of the pharmacist.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the unique perspectives offered and importance of having pharmacists as members of MDTs. PMID: 31192553 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou X, Qiu F, Wan D, Sun S, Yao G, Liu Y, Li J Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of nutritional status on length of stay and hospital costs among patients admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Thailand.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of malnutrition screened using the NAF were significantly associated with longer LOS and higher hospital costs. Older adult patients had the highest risk of being malnourished and developing negative consequences. A prospective study of nutritional support by a nutrition care team is underway. PMID: 31192554 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bhirommuang N, Komindr S, Jayanama K Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Oat porridge consumption alleviates markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in hypercholesterolemic adults.
In this study we aimed to investigate the effect of oat porridge consumption on inflammatory marker levels and oxidative stress in Thai adults with high blood lipid levels. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A randomized crossover study was conducted. Hypercholesterolemic adults were randomly assigned to a 4-week daily consumption of oat or rice porridge. After 4 weeks, they were switched to alternate intervention arms for 4 weeks. At baseline, before and after each intervention period, inflammatory markers including hsCRP, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and MCP-1 and antioxidant status markers including ORAC, FRAP, and MDA of all s...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pavadhgul P, Bumrungpert A, Harjani Y, Kurilich A Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption of black food decreases the risk of abdominal obesity in Korean women.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, black foods, including black beans, may have beneficial effects on metabolic syndrome components, especially abdominal obesity. PMID: 31192556 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chung S, Chung MY, Choi HK, Park JH, Hwang JT Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Fish and meat intakes and prevalence of anemia among the Japanese elderly.
This study aimed to investigate the association between fish and meat intake and anemia risk in the Japanese elderly. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A nationally representative sample of 6,469 aged 65 years and over was obtained from pooled data of annual National Health and Nutritional Survey in Japan during 2002-2011. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin concentrations
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Imai E, Nakade M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Low riboflavin intake is associated with cardiometabolic risks in Korean women.
CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient riboflavin intake may contribute to development of cardiometabolic disorder, particularly in women. It was also found that riboflavin may have different influences on its risks in women according to menopausal status. This study highlighted the importance of public policies targeted at these sex-specific groups for reducing cardiometabolic risks. PMID: 31192558 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shin WY, Kim JH Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Subcutaneous and visceral fat volumes measured by MRI and their relationships with nutrient intakes among adults.
This study targeted to investigate the relationship between SAT and VAT volumes and macro- and micronutrients intake among adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected via a private face-to-face interview, in which diet history was obtained using validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire. The different fat volumes were assessed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning. RESULTS: Participants with the lowest VAT volume had the highest intake of saturated fats, monounsaturated fatty acids and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tayyem RF, Al-Radaideh AM, Hammad SS, Al-Hajaj S, Allehdan SS, Agraib LM, Al-Fayomi KI, Malkawi AA, Hijjawi NS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Food-based recommendations for Minangkabau women of reproductive age with dyslipidemia.
CONCLUSIONS: Minangkabau WoRA have dietary practices that predispose them to dyslipidemia. Moreover, the LP approach is a sensitive tool for identifying nutrient-dense foods that could potentially improve problem nutrient intake, as well as those that need to be limited in the final FBR. PMID: 31192560 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gusnedi, Fahmida U, Djuwita R, Witjaksono F, Abdullah M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Duration of periconceptional folic acid supplementation and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of folic acid is prevalent, raising concerns about possible adverse effects. This prospective study aimed to explore the associations between the duration of folic acid supplementation and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 326 pregnant women were prospectively included for detailed information on folic acid supplementation during pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy, lipid profiles at 16-18 weeks, and subsequent GDM diagnosis at 24-28 weeks. Associations among folic acid supplementation,...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Huang L, Yu X, Li L, Chen Y, Yang Y, Yang Y, Hu Y, Zhao Y, Tang H, Xu D, Zhao M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Socioeconomic disparity in the diet quality of pregnant women in Northwest China.
CONCLUSIONS: The diet quality of pregnant women in Northwest China was associated with SES. Socioeconomic disparities in diet quality should be considered when planning nutrition interventions for pregnant women. PMID: 31192562 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li S, Lei F, Zhang R, Liu D, Qu P, Cheng Y, Liu X, Chen F, Dang S, Yan H Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Breast milk selenocystine as a biomarker for selenium intake in lactating women at differential geographical deficiency risk in China.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A reliable biomarker for optimal selenium (Se) intake in lactating women is not currently available. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Daily dietary Se intake in lactating women was calculated from a 24-hour meal record survey for over 3 days. Se levels in plasma and breast milk were measured through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Plasma selenoprotein P 1 levels and glutathione peroxidase 3 activity were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to analyze proteinaceous Se species in...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: He MJ, Zhang SQ, Liu L, Han F, Chai Y, Zhang J, Wang S, Wang Q, Liu Y, Sun L, Lu J, Yang Q, Huang L, Huang ZW Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Composition requirements of follow-up formula for 6-12-month-old infants: recommendations of a Chinese expert group.
CONCLUSIONS: These nutrient standard modifications based on recent evidence are expected to enhance feeding practices and further guarantee the health of 6-12-month-old infants in China. PMID: 31192564 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Han J, Kang L, Liang D, Li H, Su Y, Zhang Y, Yang Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Iodine nutritional status and prevalence of goitre among school going children: a cross-sectional study to assess progress towards universal salt iodization in Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study concludes that Tikamgarh district is non-endemic for IDDs against the earlier classification as an IDD-endemic district. About 20% population has 'iodine deficiency' and approximately 51.1% population has 'more than adequate iodine intake'. We recommend stringent programme monitoring, undertake periodic assessment of IDD and explore manifestations of excess iodine intake (>=300 mcg/L) such as Iodine-induced hyperthyroidism in future. PMID: 31192565 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bali S, Nayak PK Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Food frequency questionnaire reproducibility for middle-aged and elderly Japanese.
CONCLUSIONS: The FFQ developed for the JPHC-NEXT study has reasonable reproducibility. Because this FFQ has also been validated in a previous study, it can be considered a useful dietary assessment tool to examine associations between dietary consumption and lifestyle-related diseases. PMID: 31192566 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Maruyama K, Ikeda A, Ishihara J, Takachi R, Sawada N, Shimazu T, Nakamura K, Tanaka J, Yamaji T, Iwasaki M, Iso H, Tsugane S, JPHC-NEXT Protocol Validation Study Group Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Increased coffee, tea, or other sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in adolescents is associated with less satisfactory dietary quality, body fatness and serum uric acid profiles over the past 18 years in Taiwan.
This study examined the changes and the association between SSBs and biomarkers and nutrient intake, for teenagers over the course of 18 years using a national representative sample. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study used data from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT). Complete data for teenagers aged 13 to 19 years including a 24-hour dietary recall, anthropometric and clinical measurements, and SSBs from two periods were analyzed (1993-1996: N=1820; 2010-2011: N=2513). SAS callable SUDAAN was used for statistical analysis, adjusting for the sampling scheme. Log transformation was use...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shih YH, Wu HC, Pan WH, Chang HY Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Young adult vegetarians in Shanghai have comparable bone health to omnivores despite lower serum 25(OH) vitamin D in vegans: a cross-sectional study.
This study was designed to compare the bone health status of young vegetarians and omnivores in Shanghai, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 246 vegetarians (following a vegan or lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet for at least 1 year) and 246 age- and sex-matched omnivores were recruited among young adult residents of Shanghai, China. The ultrasound bone mineral density analyser CM-200 was employed to measure calcaneus mineral densities, and blood samples were collected to determine serum 25- hydroxyvitamin D status. Intakes of protein, calcium and vitamin D were assessed by the 24-hour dietary recall method. RES...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xie L, Wang B, Cui X, Tang Q, Cai W, Shen X Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Activity energy expenditure, screen time and dietary habits relative to gender among Saudi youth: interactions of gender with obesity status and selected lifestyle behaviours.
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of several lifestyle behavioural risks, including physical inactivity, sedentary behaviours and some dietary habits was confirmed. The high inactivity level and screen time represents a double burden on the health of young Saudi females. Future studies must address the psycho-social, cultural and environmental determinants associated with healthy lifestyle relative to gender and initiate novel interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour. and future nutrition science degrees and lead to improved employability skills of nutrition science graduates. PMID: 31192569 [PubMed - in process] (Source: ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Al-Hazzaa HM, Albawardi NM Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Serum potassium and handgrip strength as predictors of sleep quality among hemodialysis patients in Malaysia.
This study investigated the association of nutritional parameters with sleep quality among Malaysian HD patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 184 Malaysian HD patients. Anthropometric measurements and handgrip strength (HGS) were obtained using standardized protocols. Relevant biochemical indicators were retrieved from patients' medical records. Nutritional status was assessed using the dialysis malnutrition score. The sleep quality of patients was determined using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire on both dialysis and non-dialysis days. RESULTS: Slightly m...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ling LL, Chan YM, Mat Daud Z' Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Metabolic dynamics in critically injured patients: a prospective cohort study integrated with 1H NMR metabolomics.
CONCLUSIONS: Metabolomics approaches can be used to quantify the metabolic dynamics of patients with critically injuries and to predict death of critically injured patients by plasma 1H-NMR metabolomics. PMID: 31192571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou Y, Wang K, Zeng J, Li W, Peng J, Zhou Z, Deng P, Sun M, Yang H, Li S, Lu CD, Jiang H Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The innovation of functional foods in Asia: IFFA 2018.
Abstract Functional foods (FF) are commonly consumed by Asians, and this trend has increased in recent years. Despite the reported health benefits of FF, it is necessary scrutiny and updates of the underpinning research are important. The first international conference on functional food innovation in Asia (IFFA 2018) took place on January 22nd- 24th, 2018, at the University of Phayao, Thailand. Domestic and international speakers, researchers, nutritionists, dieticians, research scholars and students shared their knowledge and experience in FF research. Key features were the potential beneficial roles of FF in he...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - June 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chumphukam O, Chaiwangyen W, Sivamaruthi BS, Chaiyasut C, Natakankitkul S, Kangwan N, Tantipaiboonwong P, Tipsuwan W, Promnoi K, Lapinee C, Singsai K, Pintha K, Wattanatorn W, Sanguansermsri M, Suttajit M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research