Benefit risk and cost ratios in sustainable food and health policy: Changing and challenging trajectories.
Abstract There is benefit, risk and cost in all that we do, but when it comes to food, we expect that it will benefit our health, be available, safe to eat and affordable. But as climate change and demographic shifts through displacement and ageing gather momentum, the emphases on each of benefit, risk and cost will alter. That we are ecological beings whose health and wellbeing are ecosystem-dependent, must now be the underpinning framework for risk management. Loss of natural environment and biodiversity represents reduced nutritional and health resilience, which will need to be factored in to risk assessment an...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wahlqvist ML Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Regulobiosis: A regulatory and food system-sensitive role for fungal symbionts in human evolution and ecobiology.
Abstract The role of microbiomes in human biology and health are being extensively investigated, yet how the fungal community or mycobiome contributes to an integral microbiome is unclear and probably underestimated. We review the roles of fungi from the perspectives of their functionality in human biology, their cross-kingdom talk with other human microbial organisms, their dependence on diet and their involvement in human health and diseases. We hypothesize that members of the fungal community may interact as necessary symbionts with members of other human microbiome communities, and play a key role in human bio...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zheng JS, Wahlqvist ML Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Consumption patterns of sweetened condensed milk in the diet of young Indonesian children and its potential nutritional health consequences.
Abstract This critical review is intended to analyse the existing studies on the consumption patterns of sweetened condensed milk in the diet of young Indonesian children and its potential nutritional health consequences. Considering its limited nutritional value and high sugar content, sweetened condensed milk (SCM) should not be administered to young children (1-3 years old) with the goal of promoting their growth and development. However, such false practice has been reported in mostly urban studies among the underprivileged population. Conclusive scientific evidence is also still lacking regarding the health r...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Juffrie M, Sartika RAD, Sparringa RA, Wibowo L, Lukito W Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Thyroglobulin can be a functional biomarker of iodine deficiency, thyroid nodules, and goiter in Chinese pregnant women.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thyroglobulin (Tg) is considered a sensitive indicator of iodine status for children and adults, but its usefulness for pregnant women is unknown. The aim of this study was attempting to explore the relationship between Tg and iodine status and the association between elevated Tg and thyroid diseases. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2163 pregnant women were recruited in this study. The ratio of urine iodine concentration and urine creatinine concentration (UI/Cr) was measured in spot urine samples. Serum thyroid hormones and thyroglobulin were measured. Thyroid nodules...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gao M, Chen Y, Zhang Y, Sun H, Zhang Q, Chen W, Wang W, Tan L, Shen J, Cheng Y, Zhang W Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of early enteral nutrition on the incidence of acute acalculous cholecystitis among trauma patients.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the incidence of PC due to AAC was decreased significantly after the implementation of a nutritional protocol among traumatized critically ill patients. Early enteral nutrition may be effective in reducing the AAC among trauma patients who are at high risk of AAC. PMID: 32229439 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chang YR, Yun JH, Choi SH, Jee YS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Prolonged preoperative fasting and prognosis in critically ill gastrointestinal surgery patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged preoperative fasting time led to unfavorable outcomes after gastrointestinal operations. Thus, reducing preoperative fasting time is likely to accelerate postoperative recovery in gastrointestinal surgery patients. PMID: 32229440 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou G, Zhu F, An Y, Qin L, Lv J, Zhao X, Shen J Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Serum total iron-binding capacity and iron status in patients with non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease: A cross-sectional study in Vietnam.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We performed this study to evaluate serum iron and ferritin concentrations, serum total iron-binding capacity (TIBC), and proportion of overall iron deficiency among patients with non-dialysisdependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A hospital-based cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 175 adult patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) by using 51 healthy age-sex-matched Vietnamese adults as the control group. We next examined the prevalence of anemia and determined the serum iron and ferritin concentrations and TIBC. ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thang LV, Kien NT, Hung NV, Kien TQ, Dung NH, Huong NTT, Toan ND, Toan PQ, Vinh HT, Nghia VX, Usui T Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrition program selection in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The severity of neurologic impairment is significantly associated with gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of two nutritional interventions in acute ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied consecutive ischemic stroke patients with GI hemorrhage from January 2014 to December 2018. They were stratified into two programs of nutritional therapy after GI hemorrhage: moderate feeding (more than 70% optimal caloric uptake, 50-100 mL/h) and trophic feeding (16-25% of t...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zeng X, Chen J, Sun Z, Zeng H, Xue J, Zhang Y, Liu G, Huang X Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of flaxseed supplementation on functional constipation and quality of life in a Chinese population: A randomized trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This prospective, randomized, controlled study aimed to evaluate the effects of flaxseed supplementation on functional constipation and quality of life in adult men and women in China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 90 subjects with functional constipation diagnosed by the Rome IV criteria were enrolled. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either 50 g/day flaxseed flour with meals (n=60) or 15 mL/day of a lactulose solution on an empty stomach (n=30) every morning for 4 weeks. Wexner constipation scores, stool consistency according to the Bristol Stool Form Scale, and bow...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sun J, Bai H, Ma J, Zhang R, Xie H, Zhang Y, Guo M, Yao J Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Late-night-dinner deteriorates postprandial glucose and insulin whereas consuming dinner dividedly ameliorates them in patients with type 2 diabetes: A randomized crossover clinical trial.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study is to explore the acute effect of consuming dinner at different timing on postprandial glucose and hormone in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Eight patients (age 70.8±1.9 years, HbA1c 7.6±0.6 %, BMI 23.3±3.2, mean±SD) were randomly assigned in this crossover study. Patients consumed the test meals of dinner at 18:00 on the first day, and dinner at 21:00 or divided dinner (vegetable and rice at 18:00 and vegetable and the main dish at 21:00) on the second or third day. Postprandial glucose, insulin, ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Imai S, Saito Y, Kajiyama S, Nitta A, Miyawaki T, Matsumoto S, Ozasa N, Kajiyama S, Hashimoto Y, Fukui M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Clinical nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of medical interns in Shanghai: Contributory factors.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To provide a questionnaire, with Shanghai medical interns as respondents, analyzing knowledge (K), attitude (A), and practice (P) in relation to clinical nutrition, and to explore factors that could affect KAP scores. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The cross- sectional study used 330 interns from Shanghai medical universities responding to general material data questionnaires and KAP questionnaires on clinical nutrition. RESULTS: The mean KAP score was 210.26±25.9 (X±SD), and the score for each part of the KAP questionnaire was just within the threshold for qu...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zong M, Chen YQ, Liu X, Xie H, Zhang MF, Sun JQ Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Economic value of nutritional support methods in gastrointestinal cancer: A quantitative meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: EN, especially oral nutritional supplements, has a positive economic impact on patients with gastrointestinal cancer, based on reductions in the post-operative infection rate, length of hospitalization, and hospitalization expenditure. PMID: 32229446 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhu M, Chen W, Jiang H, Zhu S, Xu J, Bao W, Dang Y, Wang MY Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

A community-based approach to lean body mass and appendicular skeletal muscle mass prediction using body circumferences in community-dwelling elderly in Taiwan.
CONCLUSIONS: Prediction equations using only a measuring tape provide accurate, inexpensive, practical methods to assess LBM and ASM in Asians older than 50 years old. PMID: 32229447 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chien KY, Chen CN, Chen SC, Wang HH, Zhou WS, Chen LH Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The association of blood pressure with estimated urinary sodium, potassium excretion and their ratio in hypertensive, normotensive, and hypotensive Chinese adults.
This study is to evaluate the associations of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) with estimated urinary sodium excretion (eUNaE), estimated urinary potassium excretion (eUKE) and their ratio (Na/K ratio) among hypertensive, normotensive, and hypotensive Chinese individuals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A large institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Third Xiangya Hospital, Changsha between August 2017 and November 2018. Spot urine samples were collected to test urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretions for each participant. The Kawasaki formula was used to es...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li Y, Yin L, Peng Y, Liu X, Cao X, Wang Y, Yang P, Li X, Chen Z Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association between dairy consumption and prevalence of obesity in adult population of northeast China: An internet-based cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased dairy consumption was associated with lower risk of obesity in adult population in northeast China. Further studies are needed to confirm these observational findings and explain the observed gender-specific difference. PMID: 32229449 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Song X, Li R, Guo L, Guo P, Zhang M, Feng R Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Impaired glucose tolerance among adolescents with low birth weight history: The Tanjungsari Cohort Study in Indonesia.
This study aimed to evaluate the association between both LBW and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with IGT in adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Total of 536 subjects from Tanjungsari Cohort Study were included in this study. Subjects were in their early adolescence age (12-14 years). Anthropometric data were collected and IGT was determined by using 2- hour postprandial plasma glucose level, then it was assessed based on their birth weight and intrauterine nutritional status. RESULTS: Subjects with LBW history were shorter, had lower body weight and body mass index (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Permana H, Bandiara R, Usman SY, Susandi E, Diana A, Arifin AY, Alisjahbana B Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Socioeconomic correlates of adherence to mineral intake recommendations among pregnant women in north China: Findings from a cross-sectional study.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study is to examine the socioeconomic correlates of adherence to minimum mineral intake recommended by the Chinese Dietary Guidelines during each trimester of pregnancy among Chinese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 567 pregnant women with foetal age of 6 - 12 weeks were recruited from nine community health centres and three hospitals. Cross-sectional survey data were collected using structured interviews and questionnaires. Mineral intake was calculated from food consumption reported on 24-hour dietary reviews using the Chinese Food Co...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang K, Xie Y, Wang D, Bishop NJ, Tooker EM, Li Z Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Physical activity and sedentary behaviour during pregnancy are associated with gestational weight gain in Vietnamese women.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gestational weight gain is known to impact maternal and child health outcomes. Energy intake and energy expenditure are major components of clinical nutrition in relation to weight gain during pregnancy. The study was to determine the association of physical activity and sitting time during pregnancy with gestational weight gain in Vietnamese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multicentre prospective cohort study was conducted in Vietnam from 2015 to 2017. A total of 1873 women with a singleton pregnancy were included. Physical activity and sitting exposures during pregnanc...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ha AVV, Zhao Y, Pham NM, Nguyen CL, Nguyen PTH, Chu TK, Binns CW, Lee AH Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reduced crying and favourable stool characteristics in Chinese infants fed milk fat-based formula.
CONCLUSIONS: Infants consuming milk fat-based IF1 experienced less gut discomfort compared to infants consuming other commercially-available infant formula. Lower fecal fatty acid soap levels, fussy/crying time during the night and gut discomfort were observed. These findings contribute to the current understanding of the association between lipid structure and gut comfort parameters. However, the suggested benefits noted cannot be fully linked to the effect of fat blend differences since formulas differ in ingredient-sourcing and processing. Future research should confirm the added benefit of milk fat-based infant formula...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sheng XY, Buthmanaban V, Vonk MM, Feitsma AL, Parikh P Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary diversity and all-cause mortality among Chinese adults aged 65 or older: A community-based cohort study.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between dietary diversity and all-cause mortality in older adults. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: 17,949 community-based elderly participants aged ≥65 years in China were included in this cohort study. The baseline consumption frequencies of nine food groups (meat, vegetables, fish, eggs, fruits, legumes, milk, tea, and nuts) were recorded, and the dietary diversity score (0-9) was calculated. Survival status and death date were collected during follow-up. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to assess the association between dietary diversity...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tao L, Xie Z, Huang T Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Double burden of malnutrition in urbanized settled Tibetan communities on the Tibetan plateau.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A previous pilot study revealed stunted children and obese adults in urbanized settled Tibetan communities. A survey with a representative population in selected communities was conducted to test the preliminary findings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study on the nutritional status involving 504 children (244 boys and 260 girls, 5-16 y) and 927 adults (422 men and 505 women, 18-90 y) was conducted in communities, with anthropometric parameters measured. The z-scores for height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age (BAZ) in children were calculated according to WHO 20...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Peng W, Wang S, Han S, Su X, Zhao L Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association between food liking and the dietary quality in Australian young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The results were logical with increased liking for healthy or discretionary foods linked with increased consumption of those foods. The results reinforce the strategy to introduce a variety of healthy food groups early in life to initiate flavour-nutrient learning and increase liking for healthy foods. PMID: 32229456 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wanich U, Riddell L, Cicerale S, Mohebbi M, Sayompark D, Liem DG, Keast RS Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Vitamin D and liver cancer risk: A meta-analysis of prospective studies.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides substantial evidence that a higher concentration of circulating vitamin D would have conferred protection against liver cancer. PMID: 32229457 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Guo XF, Zhao T, Han JM, Li S, Li D Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Leisure-time physical activity and milk intake synergistically reduce the risk of pathoglycemia: A cross-sectional study in adults in Beijing, China.
CONCLUSIONS: MVLTPA and enough frequency of milk intake synergistically decreased the risk of pathoglycemia. A future interventional study including both factors should be performed. PMID: 32229458 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Na X, Zhu Z, Chen Y, He H, Zhou G, Zhou J, Zhang T, Zhuang G, Liu A Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reproducibility and construct validity of a food frequency questionnaire for assessing dietary intake in rural and urban Asian Indian adults.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reproducibility and construct validity of the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation FFQ (MDRF-FFQ) with biomarkers for its use in epidemiological settings in India. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The MDRF-FFQ was administered to 500 participants representing rural and urban areas of 10 Indian states, twice at an interval of 12 months. Reproducibility was assessed using intra cluster correlation coefficients (ICC). Construct validity of carbohydrate and fat intake was assessed using baseline serum lipids by regression analysis. RESULTS: Reproducibility as measu...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sudha V, Anjana RM, Vijayalakshmi P, Lakshmipriya N, Kalpana N, Gayathri R, Priyadarshini RD, Malini HM, Anitha C, Deepa M, Raj SS, Parthiban K, Ramakrishnan R, Geetha G, Krishnaswamy K, Unnikrishnan R, Mohan V Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Advances and gaps in recommendations for adequate water intake in China.
Abstract Water is essential for life survival and development. It plays a pivotal role in metabolic function, modulates normal osmotic pressure, maintains the electrolyte balance, and regulates body temperature. Adequate water intake is necessary for optimal hydration-both excessive and insufficient water consumption can have adverse effects on health. Water requirements among people vary based on various factors such as gender, age, physical activity, dietary factors, ambient temperature, and renal concentrating capacity. In recent years, water intake guidelines have been developed in some countries and by some o...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang N, Du S, Yang Y, Ma G Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Docosahexaenoic acid and the brain- what is its role?
Abstract Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a 22-carbon omega 3 PUFA highly enriched in the neuronal cell membranes and rod outer segment membranes. When DHA is depleted from these cell membranes it is replaced nearly quantitatively by a 22-carbon omega 6 PUFA, docosapentaenoic acid, which has similar, but less potent, biophysical and physiological properties to DHA. It is speculated that omega 6-docosapentaenoic acid is a buffer to prevent the possible catastrophic effects of DHA depletion on brain and visual function. The primary insult from the loss of DHA from cell membrane glycerophospholipids, and replacement by ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sinclair AJ Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Vitamin D and depression: mechanisms, determination and application.
Abstract Depression is the most common debilitating psychiatric disease, the pathological mechanisms of which are associated with multiple aspects of neural function. While recent evidence has consistently suggested that a suboptimal vitamin D status is frequently observed in patients with depression, the results concerning whether vitamin D insufficiency is a causal factor of depression or is secondary to depressive behavior are conflicting; additionally, the lack of consistency of the method of vitamin D determination between labs has further worsened this confusion. Herein, we reviewed the neuroactivities of vi...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Geng C, Shaikh AS, Han W, Chen D, Guo Y, Jiang P Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding is beneficial in patients with advanced dementia.
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality and CRP levels were statistically significantly higher in the advanced dementia group not fed via PEG. The mortality and rate of complications in the dementia group were similar to those in the stroke group. Feeding with PEG-tubes is a proper and preferable method for advanced dementia patients. PMID: 31826365 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rakici H, Ayvaz MA Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Probiotics in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced diarrhea: a meta-analysis.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the safety and effectiveness of probiotics in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced diarrhea (CID), so as to provide the evidence-based evidence for clinical practice. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Electronic databases, including EMbase, Cochrane Library, pubMed, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wanfang databases, were retrieved to search for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CIDs among patients with malignant tumors treated with probiotics as of March 2019. Later, the Rev Man 5.3 statistical software was employed to extract data and assess the quali...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lu D, Yan J, Liu F, Ding P, Chen B, Lu Y, Sun Z Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Early intervention with supplemental parenteral nutrition reduces the incidence of granulocytopenia-related infections in patients with lung cancer: a retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Early supplemental parenteral nutrition after chemotherapy-induced severe granulocytopenia could reduce the risk of infection, improve the likelihood of chemotherapy completion, and shorten hospital stays and leukocyte recovery times. PMID: 31826367 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qi X, Qi C, Wu T, Qin B, Hu Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of exercise therapy combined with branched-chain amino acid supplementation on muscle strength in elderly women after total hip arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: BCAA supplementation is effective for patients to improve the strength of some muscles when combined with physical exercises, but hip abductor muscle strength of the operated leg did not improve. A future study is needed to determine the efficacy of this combined therapy for hip abductor muscle strength. PMID: 31826368 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ikeda T, Matsunaga Y, Kanbara M, Kamono A, Masuda T, Watanabe M, Nakanishi R, Jinno T Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of preoperative carbohydrate drinks on postoperative walking capacity in elective colorectal surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: There were no statistically significant differences in the postoperative walking capacities of patients receiving a carbohydrate drink or pure water; only the nitrogen balance on postoperative day 3 was higher for patients receiving the carbohydrate drink. PMID: 31826369 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wongyingsinn M, Luangchan S, Tungsongsawat S, Trakarnsanga A, Lohsiriwat V Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Recovery of Lactobacillus casei strain Shirota (LcS) from faeces with 14 days of fermented milk supplementation in healthy Australian adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Live LcS is recoverable in faeces from healthy Australian adults following daily ingestion of a fermented milk drink. PMID: 31826370 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cox AJ, Makino H, Cripps AW, West NP Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of green tea consumption on human brain function in resting-state functional MRI.
CONCLUSIONS: This result indicates that green tea consumption impacts the brain activity during resting state. PMID: 31826371 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang H, Sun W, Chang Y, Wu Z, Xu Y, Wang E, Wang L, Yi P Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association between serum ferritin and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among middle-aged and elderly Chinese with normal weight.
This study aimed to assess the association between serum ferritin (SF) and NAFLD among middle-aged and elderly Chinese with normal weight. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2029 Chinese adults aged 35-70 years with normal weight were involved in this cross-sectional study. General information, lifestyle factors and laboratory characteristics were collected. The concentrations of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and SF were recorded. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) was applied to assess predictive performance of SF for NAFLD. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the associations of SF w...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: You G, Ding J, Shen J, Wang Y, Sun Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Higher serum magnesium concentration is associated with lower hearing thresholds and risk of hearing loss among a Chinese population.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher whole blood levels of magnesium in this population were associated with lower hearing thresholds and risk of hearing loss. PMID: 31826373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cao Y, Zhuang Y, Li C, Ren Y, Wu Y, Wang X, Wang F, Ma H, Yang L, Xu L Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association between serum copper and heart failure: a meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis identified a significant association between high serum copper and HF. PMID: 31826374 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Huang L, Shen R, Huang L, Yu J, Rong H Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables and lung cancer risk in participants with different smoking status: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis provides significant evidence of an inverse association between vegetable and fruit intake and lung cancer risk in current smokers. PMID: 31826375 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang T, Wang C, Li S, Guo XF, Li D Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Citrus fruit intake and the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Citrus fruit are suggested to be associated with reduced risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), but findings from epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent. We aimed to synthesize the association by conducting a meta-analysis of existing evidence. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Databases including Medline, EMBASE, Web of science, and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies up to March 2019 using a series comprehensive searching terms. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) of citrus fruit intake with NPC risk from each study were extracted to calculate a pooled assoc...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Feng XX, Wang MX, Li M, Tang X, Jiang H, Wang R, Ma L, Yin Y, Wu CR Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Postpartum anemia is a neglected public health issue in China: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: Postpartum anemia is common in urban Chinese women. A combination of interventions, including managing antenatal anemia and correcting inappropriate dietary habits will help to prevent postpartum anemia. PMID: 31826377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhao A, Zhang J, Wu W, Wang P, Zhang Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Colostral and mature breast milk protein compositional determinants in Qingdao, Wuhan and Hohhot: maternal food culture, vaginal delivery and neonatal gender.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study deepens the understanding of breast milk protein dynamics in Chinese population and provides evidence on potential determinants, which can serve as guidance for infant nutrition optimization. PMID: 31826378 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu B, Gu F, Ye W, Ren Y, Guo S Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The association between parental weight status and risk of hypertension in children aged 6 to 12 years.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study suggest that parental weight status is associated with the prevalence of hypertension in children presumably through influencing children's weight. Further studies are needed to establish causal inference. This study highlights the importance of parental lifestyle in children's health. PMID: 31826379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lu L, Chen C, Xun P, Wang J, Wan Y, He K Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Associations between iron status and insulin resistance in Chinese children and adolescents: findings from the China Health and Nutrition Survey.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron homeostasis abnormalities are associated with insulin resistance (IR), but studies on such associations in children and adolescents are limited and have contrasting results. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between indicators of iron status and IR, and assesse if there are sex disparities in these associations. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We selected data of 689 children and adolescents (367 boys and 322 girls) aged 6-18 years in the analysis. Serum ferritin, transferrin, and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) levels were determined. The level...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wei J, Luo X, Zhou S, He X, Zheng J, Sun X, Cui W Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Nutritional potential of underutilized food crops to improve diet quality of young children in food insecure prone areas of Madura Island, Indonesia.
CONCLUSIONS: In a food insecure area where malnutrition is prevalent, underutilized food crops have potential to improve the nutrient intake of young children in their complementary feeding period. These should be promoted through the creation of acceptable recipes and formulation of complementary feeding recommendations, which include these underutilized nutrient-dense crops. PMID: 31826381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Andrias DR, Fahmida U, Adi AC Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship of sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, and nutrient and food intakes with osteoarthritis prevalence in elderly subjects with controlled dyslipidaemia: a cross-sectional study.
This study aimed to examine the relationship of sociodemographic and anthropometric characteristics, and nutrient and food intakes with osteoarthritis prevalence in Korean elderly subjects with controlled dyslipidaemia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This study included 314 subjects aged ≥65 years who were diagnosed and treated for dyslipidaemia (data from the Seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016). Among them, 108 were also diagnosed with osteoarthritis. Sociodemographic, health, and nutritional data were analysed. RESULTS: Osteoarthritis prevalence was higher in females, highereduca...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jeong Y, Lee SW, Kim Y, Kim K, Seo U, Bae KH Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Salt intake assessed by spot urine on physical examination in Hunan, China.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Excessive salt intake is a major public health problem in several countries, especially in China. However, few people are aware of their salt intake. The purpose of this study is to carry out salt intake test in routine physical examination, and to explore the salt intake of different populations and their correlation with diet. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Spot urine sample was collected to test urinary sodium and creatinine excretions for each participant recruited from physical examinations at the Third Xiangya Hospital. The Tanaka formula was used to estimate 24-h urinary ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yang P, Chen Z, Yin L, Peng Y, Li X, Cao X, Wang Y, Yang S, Zhu X, He X, Liu X, Li Y Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Associations of dietary diversity with allergic diseases in Japanese workers: a cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that there is an inverse association between higher dietary diversity and allergic rhinitis in Japanese female workers. PMID: 31826384 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nakamoto M, Omine M, Yun Y, Shuto E, Nakamoto A, Hata A, Aki N, Shikama Y, Bando Y, Ichihara T, Minamigawa T, Tamura A, Kuwamura Y, Funaki M, Sakai T Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome and risks of carotid atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events in community-based older adults in China.
CONCLUSIONS: MS was significantly associated with IMT and the presence of carotid plaque and with positively increased risks of MI, stroke, and CVD mortality independent of CVD risk factors in older Chinese adults. PMID: 31826385 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wang C, Fang X, Wu X, Hua Y, Zhang Z, Gu X, Tang Z, Guan S, Liu H, Liu B, Ji X Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Genetic and epigenetic regulation of BHMT is associated with folate therapy efficacy in hyperhomocysteinaemia.
This study aim to investigate whether betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and DNA methylation are related to the efficacy of folate therapy for HHcy and whether BHMT DNA methylation mediates the SNP-folate therapy efficacy association. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 638 patients with HHcy were involved in this prospective cohort study. Logistic and linear regression was used to explore associations among SNPs, DNA methylation, and folate therapy efficacy. Finally, mediation analysis was performed to investigate whether DNA methylation of BHMT mediates the associat...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Li D, Yang J, Zhao Q, Zhang C, Ren B, Yue L, Du B, Godfrey O, Huang X, Zhang W Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research