Efficacy of malnutrition screening tools in China for elderly outpatients
This study included 986 elderly outpatients, with 53.2% being women, from five clinical teaching hospitals in Beijing. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the tools were estimated using a body mass index (BMI) of
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Junren Kang Hailong Li Xiaodong Shi Enling Ma Jun Song Wei Chen Source Type: research

Comprehensive nutritional index for predicting overall survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after multiple transarterial chemoembolization
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):7-14. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0002.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about nutritional status in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple rounds of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We established a comprehensive nutritional index (CNI) and evaluated its prognostic value for overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP).METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: HCC patients (N=282) who underwent multiple TACE treatments were enrolled. CNI was established by principal component analysis based on body mass index, usual body weight percentage, hemoglobin...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jun Deng Jing-Jing He Lu-Ping Xie Qi-Wen Zheng Shui-Li Wu Hong-Yan Shao Source Type: research

Nutritional practice in critically ill COVID-19 patients: A multicenter ambidirectional cohort study in Wuhan and Jingzhou
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that EN was frequently applied in critical COVID-19 patients. Energy delivery may be suboptimal in this study requiring more attention.PMID:33787036 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0003 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiajia Lin Lu Ke Gordon S Doig Bo Ye Zhengying Jiang Zhiyong Liu Feng Guo Jiangtao Yin Wenkui Yu Jiakui Sun Liqun Sun Renyu Ding Hongyang Xu Zhigang Chang Yi Long Yajun Qian Zhihui Tong Weiqin Li Chinese Critical Care Nutrition Trials Group (CCCNTG) Source Type: research

Outcome of glycemic control in critically ill patients receiving enteral formulas
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):22-29. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0004.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress hyperglycemia is a common condition in critically ill patients. Inappropriate nutritional supplementation may worsen blood glucose control in these patients. The present study aimed to investigate the outcome of blood glucose control status when using various enteral formulas.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted at the intensive care unit of a tertiary medical center in central Taiwan. Patients meeting the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study: age ≥20 years...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ya-Ling Wang Chun-Te Huang Chao-Hsiu Chen Pin-Kuei Fu Chen-Yu Wang Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical effects of Souvenaid in patients with Alzheimer's disease
CONCLUSIONS: The results of current clinical trials do not suggest that Souvenaid has any beneficial effects on cognition, functional ability, or global clinical change. Further studies with outcome measures suitable in patients with early stages of AD will be needed.PMID:33787038 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0005 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: YongSoo Shim Bora Yoon Seunghee Na Eun Ye Lim Yun Jeong Hong Dong Won Yang Source Type: research

Indications, effectiveness and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: A single center experience and literature review
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study showed that long-term enteral feeding with PEG is an effective and safe method that provides improvement in nutritional status.PMID:33787039 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0006 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bulent Saka Cansu Zirtil Sebile Nilgun Erten Timur Selcuk Akpinar Mustafa Altinkaynak Filiz Akyuz Bilger Cavus Bahar Ozmen Serpil Buyukdemir Cemil Tasc ıoglu Source Type: research

Controlling Nutritional Status score predict the individualized survival of patients with gastric cancer
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):51-59. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0007.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the correlation between Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score and prognosis in gastric cancer patients undergoing total gastrectomy.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The clinical data of 245 gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy in Peking University, First Hospital between January1st 2005 and December 30th 2015 were retrospectively collected. According to the CONUT level, they were divided into high CONUT (>3) group and low CONUT (≤3) group. The relation...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xishan Zhu Ye Zhao Feiyan Ma Shikai Wu Source Type: research

Effects of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on nutritional status and immune function in elders
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):60-66. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0008.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in the treatment of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the associated effects of these drugs on patient nutritional status and immune function.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In total, 115 elderly patients with COPD were included and were randomized into an enteral nutrition (EN) group and a control (CON) group. Aminophylline, in combination with beclomethasone, was administered to the CON...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Can Peng Dongjie Xiao Haiyan Chen Lijie Rao Haiyan Xiao Huahua Li Source Type: research

Pectin-containing compared with standard polymeric formula in enteral nutrition: A randomized controlled parallel study in Thailand
CONCLUSIONS: The pectin-containing formula was not detectably superior to the standard polymeric formula in terms of gastrointestinal symptoms. The use of RTH may simplify medical care and enable efficient management.PMID:33787042 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0009 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thanon Khongcharoensombat Autthapon Khemtong Narisorn Lakananurak Source Type: research

Association of folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake with diabetes and prediabetes in adults aged 20 years and older
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake were inversely associated with the risk of diabetes in US adults.PMID:33787043 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0010 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Genquan Jin Jingjing Wang Xiubo Jiang Source Type: research

Dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acid intakes and NAFLD: A cross-sectional study in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary n-3 and n-6 PUFA intakes were inversely associated with NAFLD risk in US adults.PMID:33787044 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0011 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiajia Cui Lianghui Li Lisheng Ren Jianping Sun Huimin Zhao Yongye Sun Source Type: research

Iodine nutrition status and thyroid function of women at different phases of gestation in an iodine sufficient rural area
CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum TSH and thyroid hormones fluctuate at the different phases of pregnancy. With the increase of gestational age, the incidence of iodine deficiency also increased. Abnormal thyroid hormones, TSH, positive TgAb and TPOAb were mainly existed in the early pregnancy.PMID:33787045 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0012 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yanling Wang Zhongliang Zhang Faqing Chen Xiaonan Zhu Wei Sun Yongqin Cao Source Type: research

Exploring the effects of formula feeding on infant immune development in China: A prospective cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: This investigation suggested that formula- and breast-feeding have different contributions to infant immune development, but the formula feeding would not cause significantly increase of diarrhea and respiratory infections.PMID:33787046 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0013 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiao-Chen Yin Li-Jia Xiao Chuan-Zhu Yi Zi-Min Li Zhi Huang Yue-Chan Zhou Yu-Ming Hu Source Type: research

Ketogenic diet and growth in Chinese infants with refractory epilepsy
This study evaluated the impact of 12 months of ketogenic dietary treatment (KDT) on growth in Chinese infants with refractory epilepsy.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The KDT group included patients who were divided into groups A (age 6-12 months), B (12-24 months) and C (24-36 months). The normal group included infants aged approximately 6-12 months, 12-24 months and 24-36 months who were classified into groups A1, B1 and C1, respectively. Data on height, weight, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (L...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yongfang Liu Juan Wan Zhongmin Gao Lijuan Xu Lin Kong Source Type: research

Increased meat consumption is associated with reduced tuberculosis treatment failure rate: A cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Increased dietary intake of total meat, pork, and chicken are associated with a decreased failure rate of pulmonary tuberculosis treatment. A higher dietary meat intake may be beneficial in pulmonary tuberculosis treatment.PMID:33787048 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0015 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yidan Hu Mingde Ni Qiang Wen Jing Cai Bo Zhang Shanliang Zhao Qiuzhen Wang Aiguo Ma Source Type: research

The correlation between chili pepper consumption and gastric cancer risk: A meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Significantly increased consumption of chili pepper or capsaicin has the potential to increase the risk of gastric cancer, however, inconsistencies still exist in subgroup analysis between different regions.PMID:33787049 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0016 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lei Luo Jing Yan Xiaohong Wang Zhiguang Sun Source Type: research

Fish consumption, long-chain omega-3 fatty acids intake and risk of stroke: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Both fish consumption and LC ω3-PUFAs intake were negatively associated with the risk of stroke, especially in women, which suggest that increased intake of fishery products and LC ω3-PUFAs may benefit primary prevention of stroke.PMID:33787050 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0017 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen Chen Hui Huang Qiu-Qin Dai Jing Ren Hong-Hua Cai Wen-Jia Hu Xiu-Juan Zhang Wang-Tao Zhong Xiang-Yong Li Source Type: research

Gynecological cancer and omega-3 fatty acid intakes: Meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: The current metaanalysis of observational studies suggests that dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids is not significantly associated with the risk of endocrine-related gynecological cancer.PMID:33787051 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0018 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tung Hoang Seung-Kwon Myung Thu Thi Pham Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and smartphone use in adolescents in Korea: A nationally representative cross-sectional study
This study investigated whether the frequency of the consumption of certain foods is associated with the duration of smartphone use and problems caused by smartphone overuse in adolescents.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Food consumption and smartphone use were investigated in 62,276 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years by using a nationwide self-report survey. Food intake was assessed on a seven-point scale ("never" to "1, 2, and 3 or more times per day") for nine items: fruits, vegetables, milk, soda, energy drinks, sweetened beverages, fast food, instant noodles, and snacks. The durations of smartphone use ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kyoung Min Kim Ilju Lee Jun Won Kim Jae-Won Choi Source Type: research

The reporting quality of observational studies relevant to the STROBE-nut statement in journals of nutrition
This study assessed the reporting quality of observational studies published in high-impact-factor nutrition journals by using the STROBE-nut statement and explored factors affecting the reporting quality.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: All observational studies published in those journals were retrieved using the PubMed database from inception to May 1, 2019. The reporting quality of the included articles was assessed as per the STROBE-nut statement checklist. Compliance with each item of the statement and the total STROBE-nut score were calculated. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential factors associated...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jingao Zhang Xiaobin Zhou Beibei Li Jing Zhou Yao Chen Source Type: research

Efficacy of malnutrition screening tools in China for elderly outpatients
This study included 986 elderly outpatients, with 53.2% being women, from five clinical teaching hospitals in Beijing. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the tools were estimated using a body mass index (BMI) of
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Junren Kang Hailong Li Xiaodong Shi Enling Ma Jun Song Wei Chen Source Type: research

Comprehensive nutritional index for predicting overall survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after multiple transarterial chemoembolization
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):7-14. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0002.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about nutritional status in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple rounds of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We established a comprehensive nutritional index (CNI) and evaluated its prognostic value for overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP).METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: HCC patients (N=282) who underwent multiple TACE treatments were enrolled. CNI was established by principal component analysis based on body mass index, usual body weight percentage, hemoglobin...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jun Deng Jing-Jing He Lu-Ping Xie Qi-Wen Zheng Shui-Li Wu Hong-Yan Shao Source Type: research

Nutritional practice in critically ill COVID-19 patients: A multicenter ambidirectional cohort study in Wuhan and Jingzhou
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that EN was frequently applied in critical COVID-19 patients. Energy delivery may be suboptimal in this study requiring more attention.PMID:33787036 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0003 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiajia Lin Lu Ke Gordon S Doig Bo Ye Zhengying Jiang Zhiyong Liu Feng Guo Jiangtao Yin Wenkui Yu Jiakui Sun Liqun Sun Renyu Ding Hongyang Xu Zhigang Chang Yi Long Yajun Qian Zhihui Tong Weiqin Li Chinese Critical Care Nutrition Trials Group (CCCNTG) Source Type: research

Outcome of glycemic control in critically ill patients receiving enteral formulas
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):22-29. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0004.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress hyperglycemia is a common condition in critically ill patients. Inappropriate nutritional supplementation may worsen blood glucose control in these patients. The present study aimed to investigate the outcome of blood glucose control status when using various enteral formulas.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted at the intensive care unit of a tertiary medical center in central Taiwan. Patients meeting the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study: age ≥20 years...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ya-Ling Wang Chun-Te Huang Chao-Hsiu Chen Pin-Kuei Fu Chen-Yu Wang Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical effects of Souvenaid in patients with Alzheimer's disease
CONCLUSIONS: The results of current clinical trials do not suggest that Souvenaid has any beneficial effects on cognition, functional ability, or global clinical change. Further studies with outcome measures suitable in patients with early stages of AD will be needed.PMID:33787038 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0005 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: YongSoo Shim Bora Yoon Seunghee Na Eun Ye Lim Yun Jeong Hong Dong Won Yang Source Type: research

Indications, effectiveness and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: A single center experience and literature review
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study showed that long-term enteral feeding with PEG is an effective and safe method that provides improvement in nutritional status.PMID:33787039 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0006 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bulent Saka Cansu Zirtil Sebile Nilgun Erten Timur Selcuk Akpinar Mustafa Altinkaynak Filiz Akyuz Bilger Cavus Bahar Ozmen Serpil Buyukdemir Cemil Tasc ıoglu Source Type: research

Controlling Nutritional Status score predict the individualized survival of patients with gastric cancer
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):51-59. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0007.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the correlation between Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score and prognosis in gastric cancer patients undergoing total gastrectomy.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The clinical data of 245 gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy in Peking University, First Hospital between January1st 2005 and December 30th 2015 were retrospectively collected. According to the CONUT level, they were divided into high CONUT (>3) group and low CONUT (≤3) group. The relation...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xishan Zhu Ye Zhao Feiyan Ma Shikai Wu Source Type: research

Effects of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on nutritional status and immune function in elders
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):60-66. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0008.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in the treatment of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the associated effects of these drugs on patient nutritional status and immune function.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In total, 115 elderly patients with COPD were included and were randomized into an enteral nutrition (EN) group and a control (CON) group. Aminophylline, in combination with beclomethasone, was administered to the CON...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Can Peng Dongjie Xiao Haiyan Chen Lijie Rao Haiyan Xiao Huahua Li Source Type: research

Pectin-containing compared with standard polymeric formula in enteral nutrition: A randomized controlled parallel study in Thailand
CONCLUSIONS: The pectin-containing formula was not detectably superior to the standard polymeric formula in terms of gastrointestinal symptoms. The use of RTH may simplify medical care and enable efficient management.PMID:33787042 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0009 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thanon Khongcharoensombat Autthapon Khemtong Narisorn Lakananurak Source Type: research

Association of folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake with diabetes and prediabetes in adults aged 20 years and older
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake were inversely associated with the risk of diabetes in US adults.PMID:33787043 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0010 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Genquan Jin Jingjing Wang Xiubo Jiang Source Type: research

Dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acid intakes and NAFLD: A cross-sectional study in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary n-3 and n-6 PUFA intakes were inversely associated with NAFLD risk in US adults.PMID:33787044 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0011 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiajia Cui Lianghui Li Lisheng Ren Jianping Sun Huimin Zhao Yongye Sun Source Type: research

Iodine nutrition status and thyroid function of women at different phases of gestation in an iodine sufficient rural area
CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum TSH and thyroid hormones fluctuate at the different phases of pregnancy. With the increase of gestational age, the incidence of iodine deficiency also increased. Abnormal thyroid hormones, TSH, positive TgAb and TPOAb were mainly existed in the early pregnancy.PMID:33787045 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0012 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yanling Wang Zhongliang Zhang Faqing Chen Xiaonan Zhu Wei Sun Yongqin Cao Source Type: research

Exploring the effects of formula feeding on infant immune development in China: A prospective cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: This investigation suggested that formula- and breast-feeding have different contributions to infant immune development, but the formula feeding would not cause significantly increase of diarrhea and respiratory infections.PMID:33787046 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0013 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xiao-Chen Yin Li-Jia Xiao Chuan-Zhu Yi Zi-Min Li Zhi Huang Yue-Chan Zhou Yu-Ming Hu Source Type: research

Ketogenic diet and growth in Chinese infants with refractory epilepsy
This study evaluated the impact of 12 months of ketogenic dietary treatment (KDT) on growth in Chinese infants with refractory epilepsy.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The KDT group included patients who were divided into groups A (age 6-12 months), B (12-24 months) and C (24-36 months). The normal group included infants aged approximately 6-12 months, 12-24 months and 24-36 months who were classified into groups A1, B1 and C1, respectively. Data on height, weight, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (L...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yongfang Liu Juan Wan Zhongmin Gao Lijuan Xu Lin Kong Source Type: research

Increased meat consumption is associated with reduced tuberculosis treatment failure rate: A cohort study
CONCLUSIONS: Increased dietary intake of total meat, pork, and chicken are associated with a decreased failure rate of pulmonary tuberculosis treatment. A higher dietary meat intake may be beneficial in pulmonary tuberculosis treatment.PMID:33787048 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0015 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yidan Hu Mingde Ni Qiang Wen Jing Cai Bo Zhang Shanliang Zhao Qiuzhen Wang Aiguo Ma Source Type: research

The correlation between chili pepper consumption and gastric cancer risk: A meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Significantly increased consumption of chili pepper or capsaicin has the potential to increase the risk of gastric cancer, however, inconsistencies still exist in subgroup analysis between different regions.PMID:33787049 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0016 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lei Luo Jing Yan Xiaohong Wang Zhiguang Sun Source Type: research

Fish consumption, long-chain omega-3 fatty acids intake and risk of stroke: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: Both fish consumption and LC ω3-PUFAs intake were negatively associated with the risk of stroke, especially in women, which suggest that increased intake of fishery products and LC ω3-PUFAs may benefit primary prevention of stroke.PMID:33787050 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0017 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen Chen Hui Huang Qiu-Qin Dai Jing Ren Hong-Hua Cai Wen-Jia Hu Xiu-Juan Zhang Wang-Tao Zhong Xiang-Yong Li Source Type: research

Gynecological cancer and omega-3 fatty acid intakes: Meta-analysis
CONCLUSIONS: The current metaanalysis of observational studies suggests that dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids is not significantly associated with the risk of endocrine-related gynecological cancer.PMID:33787051 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0018 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tung Hoang Seung-Kwon Myung Thu Thi Pham Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and smartphone use in adolescents in Korea: A nationally representative cross-sectional study
This study investigated whether the frequency of the consumption of certain foods is associated with the duration of smartphone use and problems caused by smartphone overuse in adolescents.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Food consumption and smartphone use were investigated in 62,276 Korean adolescents aged 12-18 years by using a nationwide self-report survey. Food intake was assessed on a seven-point scale ("never" to "1, 2, and 3 or more times per day") for nine items: fruits, vegetables, milk, soda, energy drinks, sweetened beverages, fast food, instant noodles, and snacks. The durations of smartphone use ...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kyoung Min Kim Ilju Lee Jun Won Kim Jae-Won Choi Source Type: research

The reporting quality of observational studies relevant to the STROBE-nut statement in journals of nutrition
This study assessed the reporting quality of observational studies published in high-impact-factor nutrition journals by using the STROBE-nut statement and explored factors affecting the reporting quality.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: All observational studies published in those journals were retrieved using the PubMed database from inception to May 1, 2019. The reporting quality of the included articles was assessed as per the STROBE-nut statement checklist. Compliance with each item of the statement and the total STROBE-nut score were calculated. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify potential factors associated...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jingao Zhang Xiaobin Zhou Beibei Li Jing Zhou Yao Chen Source Type: research

Efficacy of malnutrition screening tools in China for elderly outpatients
This study included 986 elderly outpatients, with 53.2% being women, from five clinical teaching hospitals in Beijing. The sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the tools were estimated using a body mass index (BMI) of
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Junren Kang Hailong Li Xiaodong Shi Enling Ma Jun Song Wei Chen Source Type: research

Comprehensive nutritional index for predicting overall survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after multiple transarterial chemoembolization
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):7-14. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0002.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about nutritional status in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple rounds of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We established a comprehensive nutritional index (CNI) and evaluated its prognostic value for overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP).METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: HCC patients (N=282) who underwent multiple TACE treatments were enrolled. CNI was established by principal component analysis based on body mass index, usual body weight percentage, hemoglobin...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jun Deng Jing-Jing He Lu-Ping Xie Qi-Wen Zheng Shui-Li Wu Hong-Yan Shao Source Type: research

Nutritional practice in critically ill COVID-19 patients: A multicenter ambidirectional cohort study in Wuhan and Jingzhou
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that EN was frequently applied in critical COVID-19 patients. Energy delivery may be suboptimal in this study requiring more attention.PMID:33787036 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0003 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jiajia Lin Lu Ke Gordon S Doig Bo Ye Zhengying Jiang Zhiyong Liu Feng Guo Jiangtao Yin Wenkui Yu Jiakui Sun Liqun Sun Renyu Ding Hongyang Xu Zhigang Chang Yi Long Yajun Qian Zhihui Tong Weiqin Li Chinese Critical Care Nutrition Trials Group (CCCNTG) Source Type: research

Outcome of glycemic control in critically ill patients receiving enteral formulas
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):22-29. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0004.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress hyperglycemia is a common condition in critically ill patients. Inappropriate nutritional supplementation may worsen blood glucose control in these patients. The present study aimed to investigate the outcome of blood glucose control status when using various enteral formulas.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted at the intensive care unit of a tertiary medical center in central Taiwan. Patients meeting the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study: age ≥20 years...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ya-Ling Wang Chun-Te Huang Chao-Hsiu Chen Pin-Kuei Fu Chen-Yu Wang Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the clinical effects of Souvenaid in patients with Alzheimer's disease
CONCLUSIONS: The results of current clinical trials do not suggest that Souvenaid has any beneficial effects on cognition, functional ability, or global clinical change. Further studies with outcome measures suitable in patients with early stages of AD will be needed.PMID:33787038 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0005 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: YongSoo Shim Bora Yoon Seunghee Na Eun Ye Lim Yun Jeong Hong Dong Won Yang Source Type: research

Indications, effectiveness and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: A single center experience and literature review
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study showed that long-term enteral feeding with PEG is an effective and safe method that provides improvement in nutritional status.PMID:33787039 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0006 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bulent Saka Cansu Zirtil Sebile Nilgun Erten Timur Selcuk Akpinar Mustafa Altinkaynak Filiz Akyuz Bilger Cavus Bahar Ozmen Serpil Buyukdemir Cemil Tasc ıoglu Source Type: research

Controlling Nutritional Status score predict the individualized survival of patients with gastric cancer
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):51-59. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0007.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the correlation between Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score and prognosis in gastric cancer patients undergoing total gastrectomy.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The clinical data of 245 gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy in Peking University, First Hospital between January1st 2005 and December 30th 2015 were retrospectively collected. According to the CONUT level, they were divided into high CONUT (>3) group and low CONUT (≤3) group. The relation...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xishan Zhu Ye Zhao Feiyan Ma Shikai Wu Source Type: research

Effects of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on nutritional status and immune function in elders
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2021;30(1):60-66. doi: 10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0008.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of beclomethasone and aminophylline combined with enteral nutrition in the treatment of elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the associated effects of these drugs on patient nutritional status and immune function.METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In total, 115 elderly patients with COPD were included and were randomized into an enteral nutrition (EN) group and a control (CON) group. Aminophylline, in combination with beclomethasone, was administered to the CON...
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Can Peng Dongjie Xiao Haiyan Chen Lijie Rao Haiyan Xiao Huahua Li Source Type: research

Pectin-containing compared with standard polymeric formula in enteral nutrition: A randomized controlled parallel study in Thailand
CONCLUSIONS: The pectin-containing formula was not detectably superior to the standard polymeric formula in terms of gastrointestinal symptoms. The use of RTH may simplify medical care and enable efficient management.PMID:33787042 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0009 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Thanon Khongcharoensombat Autthapon Khemtong Narisorn Lakananurak Source Type: research

Association of folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake with diabetes and prediabetes in adults aged 20 years and older
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin B-6 intake were inversely associated with the risk of diabetes in US adults.PMID:33787043 | DOI:10.6133/apjcn.202103_30(1).0010 (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 31, 2021 Category: Nutrition Authors: Genquan Jin Jingjing Wang Xiubo Jiang Source Type: research