Insights Into the Controversial Aspects of Adiponectin in Cardiometabolic Disorders

Horm Metab Res DOI: 10.1055/a-1239-4349In 2016, the World Health Organization estimated that more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight or obese. This impressive number shows that weight excess is pandemic. Overweight and obesity are closely associated with a high risk of comorbidities, such as insulin resistance and its most important outcomes, including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. Adiponectin has emerged as a salutary adipocytokine, with insulin-sensitizing, anti-inflammatory, and cardiovascular protective properties. However, under metabolically unfavorable conditions, visceral adipose tissue-derived inflammatory cytokines might reduce the transcription of the adiponectin gene and consequently its circulating levels. Low circulating levels of adiponectin are negatively associated with various conditions, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. In contrast, several recent clinical trials and meta-analyses have reported high circulating adiponectin levels positively associated with cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. These results are biologically intriguing and counterintuitive, and came to be termed “the adiponectin paradox”. Adiponectin paradox is frequently associated with adiponectin resistance, a concept related with the downregulation of adiponec...
Source: Hormone and Metabolic Research - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: The proposed PHARMAC criteria will give access to these important drugs to those people with T2DM who will likely benefit the most. PMID: 33032305 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This single practice study showed total patient contact was similar over both sample periods, but most contact in 2020 was virtual. Further longitudinal multi-practice studies to confirm these findings and describe future consultation patterns are needed to inform general practice service delivery post-COVID-19. PMID: 33032304 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Curious what people think with pandemic and lack of away rotations.
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
This study was the first to demonstrate a causal relationship between glial senescence and neurodegeneration. In this study, accumulations of senescent astrocytes and microglia were found in tau-associated neurodegenerative disease model mice. Elimination of these senescent cells via a genetic approach can reduce tau deposition and prevent the degeneration of cortical and hippocampal neurons. Most recently, it was shown that clearance of senescent oligodendrocyte progenitor cells in AD model mice with senolytic agents could lessen the Aβ plaque load, reduce neuroinflammation, and ameliorate cognitive deficits. ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThe present SR provides state-of-the-art information about the use of metabolomics as an approach to understanding the dynamics of metabolic processes involved in human obesity and emphasizes metabolic signatures related to obesity phenotypes.
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Bariatric surgery appears to be capable of partially reversing the obesity-related epigenome. The identification of potential epigenetic biomarkers predictive for the success of bariatric surgery may open new doors to personalized therapy for severe obesity. Introduction Obesity is currently a huge healthcare problem, worldwide, and is a risk factor for several diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease and cancer (1). As the prevalence of obesity reaches pandemic proportions, this metabolic disease is estimated to become the biggest cause of mortality in the near future (2). In fact,...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
(University of Montreal) Obesity and its negative impacts on health -- including metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular complications -- are a global pandemic. Researchers at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal shed light on a safeguard mechanism.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusions Body fat distribution can be considered as a parameter in assessing adipokine imbalance. Central adiposity is a better measure of adipokine imbalance than BMI. Abdominal obesity in diabetics correlates with altered levels of adipocytokines indicating its importance in diabetic individuals.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Obesity is a rapidly growing pandemic. Scope of pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery in managing obesity is ever rising. The role of minimally invasive techniques to achieve preoperative weight loss and improve postbariatric surgery outcomes is an area of new interest. The initial experience with endobarrier devices in achieving weight loss among obese subjects has shown promising results. In addition, the impact of these interventions on comorbidities commonly associated with obesity like diabetes mellitus type 2 and hyperlipidemia has further expanded their potential for use in future. In this review article, we have su...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clinical Reviews Source Type: research
Over the past two decades, I have watched with increasing alarm the skyrocketing numbers of patients with type 2 diabetes who come to my wellness clinic. Often, they come to see me about other medical issues, but their diabetes adds a new level of complications to their treatment. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body’s response to insulin – the hormone critical for the maintenance of healthy blood sugar levels – becomes either ineffective or the insulin itself is produced in insufficient amounts. The horrific trend I’m seeing at my wellness clinic mirrors almost exactly what’s happening in the...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Nutrition diabetes insulin statins type 2 diabetes Source Type: news
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Clinical Trials | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Type 2 | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Genetics | Heart | Hormones | Insulin | International Medicine & Public Health | Men | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Pandemics | Study | WHO