Discovery of a nanomolar glyoxalase-I inhibitor using integrated ligand-based pharmacophore modeling and molecular docking

In this study we were aiming to identify potent GLO-I inhibitors as potential candidates for the development of effective anticancer therapeutics using an integrated ligand- and structure-based drug design approach. A set of selective pharmacophore models was generated using an in-house tested set of flavonoids and used in virtual screening of Maybridge and Aldrich databases, collectively containing more than 64,000 compounds. Filtration of retained hits resulted in 362 compounds that were docked into the active site of the GLO-I enzyme. Then, the top 30% of docked compounds were visually inspected and 32 compounds were purchased and biologically evaluated. Five compounds showed good to excellent inhibitory activities with the most active one (compound14, ID number ST018515) showing an IC50 of 336  nM. A high hit rate of actives implies the success of our approach. The five active compounds with considerable structural diversity were identified as novel leads that can be further optimized towards designing potent GLO-I inhibitors.
Source: Medicinal Chemistry Research - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionOur study demonstrated a significant correlation between Nectin-4 expression and tumor grade as well as stages (p 
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a tumor suppressor gene implicated in many cellular functions, including transcription, translation, apoptosis, and the modulation of different signal transduction pathways. The downstream mechanisms of PDCD4 have been well-discussed, but its upstream regulators have not been systematically summarized. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are gene transcripts with no protein-coding potential but play a pivotal role in the regulation of the pathogenesis of solid tumors, cardiac injury, and inflamed tissue. In recent studies, many ncRNAs, especially microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPET/CT was useful for early detection of EPCs. The use of PET/CT for the early detection and treatment of EPCs with no symptoms can improve treatment outcomes.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, time sequencing, conserved and small non-coding RNA molecules (19-25 bp long) that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by binding to the partial sequence homology of the 3'-untranslated region of target messenger (m)RNA. The miRNA-27 family consists of miR-27a and miR-27b, which are transcribed from different chromosomes and different in nucleotide at the 3' end. It has been reported that miR-27a was located on chromosome 19 and played a vital role in tumor development. Increasing evidences support a vital role for miR-27a in modulating polymorphisms, tumorigenesis,...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Michal Yalon1†, Amos Toren1,2†, Dina Jabarin2, Edna Fadida3, Shlomi Constantini3 and Ruty Mehrian-Shai1* 1Pediatric Hemato-Oncology, Edmond and Lilly Safra Children's Hospital and Cancer Research Center, Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan, Israel 2The Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel 3Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv-Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel Pediatric brain tumors are the most common solid tumor type and the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The immune system plays an important r...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether combining anti-PD-L1 Atezolizumab with BEV may have a synergistic effect and enhance the efficacy of both treatments in cisplatin resistant epithelial ovarian cancer (CREOC). We retrospectively analyzed 124 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients from Gynecologic Oncology Department of Tianjin Cancer Hospital between January 2013 and June 2018, who all were diagnosed with cisplatin resistance due to progressing
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Bladder Cancer | Breast Carcinoma | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Chemistry | Colon Cancer | Colorectal Cancer | Databases & Libraries | Flavonoids | Molecular Biology | Nanotechnology | Study | Zinc