Current Diagnosis and Treatment of Painful Small Fiber Neuropathy

AbstractPurpose of ReviewSmall fiber neuropathy (SFN) could cause significant morbidity due to neuropathic pain and autonomic dysfunction. SFN is underdiagnosed and the knowledge on the condition is limited among general public and health care professionals. This review is intended to enhance the understanding of SFN symptoms, causes, diagnostic tools, and therapeutic options.Recent FindingsThere is evidence of SFN in up to 40% patients with fibromyalgia. The causes of SFN are glucose metabolism defect, dysimmune, gluten sensitivity and celiac disease, monoclonal gammopathy, vitamin deficiencies, toxic agents, cancer, and unknown etiology. Auto-antibodies targeting neuronal antigens trisulfated heparin disaccharide (TS-HDS) and fibroblast growth factor 3 (FGFR3) are found in up to 20% of patients with SFN. Treatment of SFN includes treating the etiology and managing symptoms.SummarySFN should be considered in patients with wide-spread body pain. The search for known causes of SFN is a crucial step in disease management.
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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