COPD as an additional risk factor for cardiovascular and respiratory events in patients with respiratory viral infection

Introduction: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have higher risk of hospitalization for cardiovascular events (CVE). An association between influenza infection and myocardial infarction (MI) is established. Our objective is to evaluate the COPD as an additional risk factor for CVE and respiratory events (RE) in patients with respiratory viral infection.Methods: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of 139 patients, with positive PCR for respiratory viruses in January of 2018. Cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and smoking) and medical history were registered. CVE (MI, stroke and heart failure) and RE (pneumonia, acute bronchitis, asthma or COPD exacerbations) were collected during the following year after a positive respiratory virus.Results: 52.5% of the patients were women. The most frequent viruses were influenza A (20.9%) and B (30.9%). 33.8% had lung diseases (20.1%, COPD) and 67.6% had CVRF. 12 patients developed a CVE (8.6%); 5 with pulmonary disease (2 with COPD and 4 with CVRF) and 7 without lung disease and with CVRF. There was no statistical significance between these associations. Only patients with CVRF without COPD and women with CVRF had more CVD (p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research

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Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Acar RD, Acar Ş, Doğan C, Bayram Z, Karaduman A, Uysal S, Akbal ÖY, Hakgör A, Kaymaz C, Özdemir N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion/pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (TAPSE/PASP) ratio and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score in patients with advanced heart failure. METHODS: A total of 103 patients with advanced heart failure evaluated for candidacy for heart transplantation were included in this study. TAPSE was measured by M‑mode echocardiography and cardiac catheteri...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
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Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Authors: Lai G, Guo N, Jiang Y, Lai J, Li Y, Lai R Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the duration of one-lung ventilation (OLV) affects postoperative pulmonary complications after McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data stored in a database for esophageal cancer was carried out to identify predictors of postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing McKeown esophagectomy at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between 2010 and 2012. RESULTS: Patients in the OLV ⩾150 minutes group had a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary complication...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Authors: Liu J, Yang L Abstract Effects of propofol and sevoflurane on blood glucose, hemodynamics, and inflammatory factors of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and gastric cancer (GC) were investigated. One hundred and ten patients with T2DM and GC, treated in The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College (Baotou, China) from January 2017 to December 2018, were selected. Sixty patients anesthetized by propofol were included in the propofol group, whereas 50 patients anesthetized by sevoflurane were included in the sevoflurane group. The level of blood glucose, hemodynamic indicators, and inf...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
In conclusion, endogenous ghrelin system could be considered as a new target or treatment for metabolism disorders, cardiac diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and tissue injuries.
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Wagner N, Kamann S, Oppel E Abstract The design and development of insulin pumps and various glucose sensor systems has an enormous impact on life quality of diabetic patients. Surveillance and therapy of diabetes has improved due to the new diabetic devices, which are affixed to the patients' skin for several days. Since their introduction, irritant and allergic contact dermatitis have been frequently reported. Patients often acquire contact sensitization to isobornyl acrylate, N,N-dimethylacrylamide or formerly to 2‑ethyl-cyanoacrylate. These contact allergens were found in the patch, in the glue to af...
Source: Der Hautarzt: Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hautarzt Source Type: research
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Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In conclusion, our diagnostic prediction model uses easily obtainable information to identify children at increased risk of high blood pressure, offering an opportunity for targeted screening. This model enables to detect a higher proportion of children with high blood pressure than a strategy based on child overweight only.
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) have been associated with a greater prevalence of risky behaviors and chronic health conditions, such as diabetes in adulthood. While adolescents with risk taking behaviors experience worsening of diabetic metabolic cont...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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