Benefit-Risk Assessment of Alogliptin for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

AbstractThe dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) alogliptin is an oral, antidiabetic treatment that is approved in many countries to treat patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), including the USA, Europe, and Japan. Alogliptin is efficacious both as monotherapy and as add-on/combination therapy with other commonly prescribed T2DM treatments, such as metformin and pioglitazone. Overall, alogliptin is well-tolerated in patients with T2DM, including older patients, those with renal and/or hepatic impairment, and those at high risk of cardiovascular events. There is a low risk of hypoglycemia, weight gain, acute pancreatitis, and gastrointestinal adverse events with alogliptin treatment, as demonstrated in long-term trials (lasting up to 4.5  years) and in a real-world setting. Additionally, alogliptin has a generally favorable or similar safety profile in comparison to other antidiabetic agents (metformin, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, α-glucos idase inhibitors, and insulin). However, further evaluation would be required to determine the mechanism and effect of alogliptin on heart failure, bullous pemphigoid, and inflammatory bowel disease. Of note, due to the ethnic diversity in the epidemiology of T2DM, alogliptin has been shown to be mo re efficacious in Asian patients than in non-Asian patients with T2DM, but with a similar tolerability profile. These data indic...
Source: Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Web-Exclusive Content: Technical Note Source Type: research
Background Diabetes mellitus predicts poorer outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the magnitude of this association in patients at older ages remains controversial. Methods Data were extracted from the Codi Infart database. All consecutive patients with diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2010 and 2015 were included. We assessed the impact of diabetes mellitus on 30-day and one-year mortality in patients aged less than and at least 75 years. Results A total of 12 792 cases were registered, of whom...
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusion: Sirolimus-eluting Stentys stent may represent a potential solution for specific coronary anatomies such as bifurcation, ectasic, or tapered vessels. Risk of stent thrombosis appears related to clinical presentation with STEMI and to anatomic features, stressing the importance of the use of intracoronary imaging for self-expandable stents implantation.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
Conclusions DCB angioplasty for de novo small coronary lesions in the real-world environment in Japan is effective with acceptable 12-month outcomes.
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
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Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Myocardial Infarction/Cardiogenic Shock Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
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Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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