Swiftly Ending Tobacco Epidemic Requires Government Action, Not Empty Promises

By Mark HurleyWASHINGTON DC, Oct 23 2019 (IPS) New information published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report shows that action taken by just 11 countries – most of them low- or middle-income – has resulted in 20 million fewer adult tobacco users in 2017 compared with 2008. Seventy percent of the world’s tobacco users live in low- and middle-income countries. This promising progress is a testament to strong government action and its effects are far reaching. Between 2008 and 2017, over 53 million fewer adults were exposed to secondhand smoke in indoor public places like restaurants, government buildings and healthcare facilities. Exposure to secondhand smoke can result in lung cancer, heart disease, asthma and bronchitis even in people who do not smoke. Other promising findings in the study indicate that more than 12 million adult tobacco users in the countries studied were considering quitting because of graphic warning labels on tobacco products, and that close to 100 million fewer adults were exposed to tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorships. The remarkable progress in reducing tobacco use shown in this study is a dramatic affirmation that evidence-based policies can and have protected millions of people from the deadly harms of tobacco use. These policies – many of which are called for in the World Health Organization’s international health treaty, the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control – include eliminating to...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Development & Aid Editors' Choice Featured Global Global Governance Headlines Health Inequity IPS UN: Inside the Glasshouse Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

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Conclusion: NCQA PCMH practices included CAHPS items on their patient experience surveys even if they did not administer the full CG-CAHPS survey or the recommended CAHPS PCMH survey. To enhance the usefulness of patient experience surveys for practices undergoing PCMH changes, additional CAHPS measures could be developed related to key areas of PCMH change, including expanded access to care (ie, after-hours and weekend visits, ease of scheduling, being informed about delays), use of shared decision-making, and improvements in provider communication (ie, the provider is courteous, communication by other clinical staff me...
Source: Quality Management in Healthcare - Category: Health Management Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
For over a century, the United States Supreme Court has held, in sum and substance, that students do not "shed their constitutional rights. . . at the schoolhouse gate." In practice, however, while not shed entirely, many of those rights have been increasi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse and interpersonal violence are strongly linked to one another. The person's addiction to drugs increases the chances of being a perpetrator of violence or a victim to it. Illicit drugs use is recognized as a contributing factor to ne...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION Injuries from overheating, ignition, or explosion of ENDSs are an emerging, underreported, and underresearched issue. There is a need for increased regulation of ENDSs and improved surveillance of related injuries. Both health care providers and consumers should be made aware of the risks and be advised about how to safely handle these devices. In contrast to other articles, this systematic review includes all types of injuries related to ENDS overheating, ignition, and explosion. To our knowledge, this is the most extensive systematic review performed to date. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Review article, level III.
Source: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research
Authors: Chua NK, Brown AJ Abstract Cholesterol synthesis is a fundamental process that contributes to cellular cholesterol homeostasis. Cells execute transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms to control the abundance of enzymes of the cholesterol synthesis pathway, consequently affecting cholesterol production. One such highly tuned enzyme is squalene monooxygenase (SM), which catalyzes a rate-limiting step in the pathway. A well-characterized mechanism is the cholesterol-mediated degradation of SM. Notably, lipids (cholesterol, plasmalogens, squalene, and unsaturated fatty acids) can act as cellular signa...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
1) incidence of prostate cancer is significantly declining 2) “Many [proton center] business plans require treating men diagnosed with prostate cancer in order to make the proforma financially viable” 3) The NCDB covers about... Prostate health
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
Official data from mid-September shows that nearly 6,400 people had waited more than 100 days following a referral to cancer services.
Source: HSJ - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
We thank Drs. Gunasekaran et al for their interest in our article.1 The authors raise an important point about the prevalence of vaping marijuana given that most cases of e-cigarette and vaping associated lung injuries (EVALIs) have been noted among those who vape marijuana. Unfortunately, we could not assess whether e-cigarette users vaped nicotine or marijuana as the questionnaire assessed use of any vaping product (Have you ever used an e-cigarette or other electronic vaping product, even just one time, in your entire life?)
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Contributors : Xiaowei Wang ; Fangjia Tong ; Arlise Andress ; Gongyu Tang ; Ping LiuSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensExtracellular RNAs (exRNAs) have attracted great attention due to their essential role in cell-to-cell communication as well as their potential as non-invasive disease biomarkers. Recent studies have shown that exRNAs are associated with a variety of biological processes. Thus, the study of deregulated exRNAs would provide insight into disease progression. At present, there is no consensus on the best method to profile exRNA expression, which leads to...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Contributors : Hee-Yeon Kim ; Hyonchol JangSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensGene expression profile in parental and cisplatin-resistant A549 cells
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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