A review of the epidemiology of atrial fibrillation in Sub ‐Saharan Africa

In conclusion, AF seems to have a higher prevalence in the general population than previously thought, and is mostly associa ted with hypertension, cardiomyopathy and rheumatic heart disease in SSA. It is associated with a high incidence of heart failure and stroke. The management of AF is suboptimal in SSA, especially with a low uptake of oral anticoagulation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: COMPREHENSIVE REVIEWS Source Type: research

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This study aims, first, to validate a retrospectively-gated implementation of the DENSE method for assessing brain tissue pulsations as a physiological marker, and second, to use the acquired measurements to explore intracranial volume dynamics. We acquired repeated measurements of cerebral volumetric strain in 8 healthy subjects, and internally validated these measurements by comparing them to spinal CSF stroke volumes obtained in the same scan session.Peak volumetric strain was found to be highly repeatable between scan sessions. First/second measured peak volumetric strains were: (6.4 ± 1.7)x10−4/(6.7...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report the case of a falcotentorial meningioma presenting only with binocular, horizontal diplopia in an otherwise healthy sixty-two-year old male. Review of the established literature highlights a lack of consensus regarding management of this extremely rare pineal region tumor. Complete surgical resection ultimately remains the ideal therapeutic option but surgical excision continues to bear serious risk of neurologic and ophthalmic morbidity, including hemianopia and cortical visual impairment. We advocate that a multidisciplinary approach focusing on patient values is critical in treatment of these uncommon lesions....
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Muhammad Aftab, T. Brett Reece, Lars G. Svensson
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the histologic relationship between atrial fibrosis and development or recurrence of NVAF after endoscopic ablation.MethodsPatients (n = 136) with NVAF undergoing endoscopic ablation and 10 patients in sinus rhythm were enrolled in this study. Left atrial appendage was harvested from all patients. Collagen volume fraction (CVF) and fibrosis biomarkers were evaluated. Linear regression analysis was performed to determine the correlation between clinical variables and atrial fibrosis. The association between atrial fibrosis and NVAF recurrence was evaluated with the Cox proportional hazards m...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe established a novel formula to mathematically calculate actual 3D angles between inflow cannula and device body of HeartMate II. The formula would help investigators to validate their findings of the relationship between 2D projected angle (from CXR) and device thrombosis.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Mostafa R. Amer, Wassim Mosleh, Saurabh Joshi, Jeffery F. Mather, Wael El-Mallah, Mohiuddin Cheema, Raymond G. McKayBackgroundPrevious reports described successful use of transcarotid and transsubclavian approaches for the performance of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with severe aortic stenosis who cannot be treated with transfemoral access. The purpose of the present study was to compare these two alternative approaches with respect to safety, efficacy, and procedural efficiency.MethodsA retrospe...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): J. Hunter Mehaffey, Robert B. Hawkins, Eric J. Charles, Irving L. Kron, Gorav Ailawadi, John A. Kern, Mark E. Roeser, Benjamin Kozower, Nicholas R. TemanBackgroundCurrent reporting on cardiac surgical outcomes focuses on a patient’s status at 30 days and lacks long-term meaningful data. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of complications after cardiac operation on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) at 1 year after surgery.MethodsAll patients undergoing cardiac operation at an academic institution (2014...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Volume 109, Issue 1Author(s): Elisabetta Lapenna, Michele De Bonis, Ilaria Giambuzzi, Benedetto Del Forno, Stefania Ruggeri, Manuela Cireddu, Simone Gulletta, Alessandro Castiglioni, Ottavio Alfieri, Paolo Della Bella, Stefano BenussiBackgroundThe study sought to assess the long-term outcomes of the stand-alone Cox-Maze IV procedure in symptomatic patients with refractory, persistent, or long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation (AF).MethodsFifty-nine consecutive patients (mean age 52 ± 10.5 years, previous catheter ablation 80%, left ventricul...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information This test series requires login for attempting. You can login easily with your Facebook account (Use the CONNECT WITH icon on the upper part of right sidebar displaying t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 19. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rat...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Source Type: blogs
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