Autoimmune and Allergic Disorders are More Common in People With Celiac Disease or on a Gluten-free Diet in the United States

Conclusions: Our study confirms that CD and PWAG share comorbidities of autoimmune nature. PWAG had more autoimmune/allergy-related disorders that may be associated with non-celiac gluten sensitivity a self-justifiable reason to be on the diet.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLES: Original Articles Source Type: research

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This study systematically investigated the fate of AMT during the UV/chlorine process. It was observed that the combination of UV irradiation and chlorination degraded AMT synergistically. The results of the radical quenching experiments suggested that AMT degradation by the UV/chlorine process involved the participation of UV photolysis, hydroxyl radical (OH) reactions, and reactive chlorine species (RCS) reactions, which accounted for 45.4%, 36.4%, and 14.5% of the degradation, respectively. Moreover, we found that Cl- 2 was an important reactive radical for AMT degradation. The chlorine dose, pH, coexisting anions (Cl- ...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract To assess the role of citric acid, as a typical low-molecular-weight organic acid from root exudates, on cerium (Ce) uptake, accumulation and translocation in rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) exposed to two CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs) (14 nm and 25 nm). A hydroponic experiment was performed under two citric acid levels (0.01 and 0.04 mmol L-1) combined with iron plaque presence. Citric acid significantly enhanced surface-Ce, root-Ce and shoot-Ce accumulation, irrespective of NPs size and iron plaque presence. The increased surface-Ce was associated with the promoted interactive attraction between NPs...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract The occurrence, air-sea exchange, and gas-particle partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were analyzed during a 2015 research expedition from the East China Sea (ECS) to the open Northwest Pacific Ocean (NWP). The sum of 13 PBDEs (Σ13PBDEs) in air and surface seawater varied in the range of 0.54-14.5. pg m-3 and 0.60-13.5 pg L-1, respectively, with the highest concentrations observed in the ECS. The Clausius-Clapeyron approach and air mass origin analysis indicated that continued primary emissions of PBDEs, particularly BDE-209, from East Asian sources governed the spatial varia...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract To investigate the effects of spatial expansion between native invasive species (Phragmites australis) and commom native species (Cyperus malaccensis) on variations of micro-elements (Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd and As) in decomposing litters in the Min River estuary, in situ filed decomposition experiment was conducted in P. australis (PA) community (before expansion, BE), C. malaccensis (CM) community (before expansion, BE) and P. australis-C. malaccensis (PA'-CM') community (during expansion, DE) from February 2016 to February 2017 by space-for- time substitution method. Results showed that t...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
This study demonstrated long-term performance of the FO system at water recovery of 90% and with membrane cleaning by NaOH solution. PMID: 31726606 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract The purpose of this study is to deepen the knowledge of the various emission phenomena present in aerated tanks, widely used systems for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment. In order to investigate the emission mechanism, a specific model was developed. The theoretical model proposes to consider three different contributions to the emission of organic compounds from aerated wastewater tanks: the convection due to the sweep air flow rate, the rising bubbles stripping and the aerosol formation and successive evaporation. To compare the modeled results, an experimental campaign was conducted with t...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
In this study, Fe3O4 and microwave (MW) were combined to activate persulfate (PS) for the removal of organic matter, resulting in the enhanced degradation of p-nitrophenol (PNP) in solution. During the preparation of Fe3O4, the effect of sodium acetate was examined, and the results showed that the concentration of sodium acetate had little effect on the catalytic activity of the Fe3O4/PS/MW system but did have an effect on the Fe3O4 yield. In addition, with regards to the representative environmental factors, the degradation experiment showed that humic acid and the co-existing anions of chloride, sulfate, nitrate, and pho...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
en JC Abstract Activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) and persulfate (PS) by Fe2+ is widely used for oxidizing organic pollutants. However, their application is limited by the slow conversion rate of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and the accumulation of Fe3+. Here, we introduce commercial molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) to promote the activation of PMS and PS by Fe2+, and explore the mechanism of this promotion using experimental and theoretical methods. The Fe2+/PMS/MoS2 and Fe2+/PS/MoS2 systems achieved faster rate of PMS and PS conversion and also higher degradation efficiency toward pollutants. About 94.7% and 87.6% of rhodamine B ...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
s L, Gich F Abstract Organosilicon compounds are the most undesirable compounds for the energy recovery of biogas. These compounds are still resistant to biodegradation when biotechnologies are considered for biogas purification. Herein we isolated 52 bacterial species from anaerobic batch enrichment cultures (BEC) saturated with D4 and from an anaerobic lab-scale biotrickling filter (BTF) fed with a gas flow containing D4 as unique carbon source. Among those Methylibium sp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa showed the highest capacity to remove D4 (53.04% ± 0.03 and 24.42% ± 0.02, respectively). Co...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
This study provided a new insight into the nature of "toxic unknowns" in the wastewater effluents, which should be monitored whole through the reclamation process and prioritized for removal. PMID: 31726595 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
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