Exercise as Medicine for Mental and Substance Use Disorders: A Meta-review of the Benefits for Neuropsychiatric and Cognitive Outcomes

ConclusionOur panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.
Source: Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Chem. Commun., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9CC06528H, CommunicationChenyao Hu, Zupeng Chen, Fengyan Han, Zixia Lin, Xiaofei Yang Ultrasmall and homogeneous bimetallic PdXBi nanoalloys are well distributed on Vulcan carbon support by a facile, low-cost synthetic strategy. The electrochemical activity of as-prepared homogeneous PdXBi nanoalloy/carbon black nanocomposites is... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Chem. Commun. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Song B, Yang Y, Teng X, Li Y, Bai W, Zhu J Abstract A randomized double-blinded controlled trial was performed to explore the association between pre-operative anxiety and intra-operative butorphanol requirement to evaluate the precise sedative requirement and to confirm the sedative effect of butorphanol in patients receiving lower-limb orthopedic surgery. The Amsterdam pre-operative anxiety and information scale and the Ramsay sedation score (RSS) were used to assess the patients' pre-operative anxiety score and sedation state during surgery. Patients were divided into two groups according to their pre-o...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
ConclusionExtra-compartmental extension of tumor and a higher-grade lesion is significantly associated with development of recurrence in cases of GCT of bone.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
A new study examining the role that star-shaped brain cells called astrocytes play in Huntington ’s disease has identified a potential strategy that may halt the disease and repair some of the damage it causes.Astrocytes interact with and support neurons, or nerve cells, and other brain cells. Although astrocytes outnumber neurons, little is known about how they interact with synapses, the junctions between neurons that enable them to communicate and convey messages to each other.The study, led by UCLA researchers and published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, found that Huntington ’s disease dama...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Edward D. Chan, Michael M. Chan, Mallory M. Chan, Paul E. MarikAbstractGlucocorticoids (GC) in all its various forms and formulations are likely one of the most commonly used pharmacologic agents in medicine. Their use can be profoundly therapeutic but are also associated with a myriad of acute and chronic side effects. It is fairly well-accepted in the medical community that GC can be life-saving when used in critically ill patients with severe exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV-associated...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Previous functional imaging studies have identified the role of central autonomic network (CAN) in autonomic regulation during various tasks. However, its variability with respect to gender and age, particularly in the resting state, remains poorly understood. Therefore, in this study we systematically investigated gender- and age-related differences in the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) seeded from core regions of this network, namely posterior mid-cingulate gyrus (pMCC), left amygdala, right anterior and left posterior insula, and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), using a large cross-sectional adultho...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractCortical spreading depression (CSD) is a wave of transient intense neuronal firing leading to a long lasting depolarizing block of neuronal activity. It is a proposed pathological mechanism of migraine with aura. Some forms of migraine are associated with a genetic mutation of the Nav1.1 channel, resulting in its gain of function and implying hyperexcitability of interneurons. This leads to the counterintuitive hypothesis that intense firing of interneurons can cause CSD ignition. To test this hypothesis in silico, we developed a computational model of an E-I pair (a pyramidal cell and an interneuron), in which the...
Source: Journal of Computational Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Date: Tuesday, 10 29, 2019; Speaker: Christopher Ramsden, Clinical Investigator , National Institute on Aging; Building: Building 45 (Natcher Building); Balcony B
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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