Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

AbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 6 –15% of women of reproductive age. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 25–30% of the general population and its prevalence increases in parallel with the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. A growing body of evidence suggests that NAFLD and PCOS quite often co-exist. The aim of this article is to summarize and critically appraise the literature regarding: (1) the rates of co-existence of the two entities, (2) the possible pathophysiological links, (3) the proper diagnostic assessment and (4) the appropriate management of women with NAFLD and PCOS. Data from clin ical studies and meta-analyses indicate a higher prevalence of NAFLD in women with PCOS ranging from 34% to 70% compared with 14% to 34% in healthy women. Inversely, women with NAFLD are more often diagnosed with PCOS. Insulin resistance (IR) and hyperandrogenism are two main potential pathophysiolo gical links between the two entities. In this regard, IR seems to interplay with obesity and hyperandrogenism, thus affecting NAFLD and PCOS and being affected by them. Women with PCOS, particularly those with IR and/or hyperandrogenism, are suggested to be screened for NAFLD, while premenopausal wo men with NAFLD is suggested to be screened for PCOS. Lifestyle recommendations with a change in dietary habits, weight loss and exercise, constitute currently the cornerstone of the management of both NAFLD and PCOS. Insulin sensitizers m...
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism Issue: Ahead of print
Source: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Babor TF, Ferreira-Borges C PMID: 31603745 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
Potential therapeutic effect of SO₂ on fibrosis. Histol Histopathol. 2019 Oct 11;:18169 Authors: Wang XB, Cui H, Du JB Abstract Fibrosis is a pathological feature of most chronic diseases and leads to the dysfunction of various organs. However, there is currently no effective method for treating fibrosis. In recent years, a small gas, sulfur dioxide (SO₂), which can be generated endogenously in mammals, has been found to have vasorelaxation activity, improve cardiac function and decrease myocardial injury. Endogenous SO₂ also mediates the process of fibrosis. Inhibition of endogenous SO₂ can ag...
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Food PolicyAuthor(s): Leah E.M. Bevis, Felix Naschold, Tanvi RaoAbstractSeasonal variation in nutritional status is a concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Seasonality in the food consumption of young Tanzanian children has a substantial and negative impact on later life outcomes. Seasonal variation in adult nutritional status has implications for labor productivity and prenatal health. Just as mean poverty status or mean health status varies within households, seasonal patterns in health status are likely to vary within households, as well as the mechanisms underlying sea...
Source: Food Policy - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary FibreAuthor(s): Digambar Kavitake, Farhat Zakirhusain Marchawala, Cedric Delattre, Prathapkumar Halady Shetty, Hilor Pathak, Prasad AndhareAbstractSuccinoglycan exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Rhizobium radiobacter CAS and its rheological behavior has been studied earlier. In present investigation the emulsifying potential of CAS EPS has been determined. CAS EPS concentration was optimized with hydrocarbons soybean oil and n-Hexane, whereas effect of pH (3.0–11.0), salinity, monovalent ions, divalent ion, (NaCl, KCl and MgCl2),...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, Volume 20Author(s): Mandakini Devi Hanjabam, Anuj Kumar, C.S. Tejpal, Elavarasan Krishnamoorthy, Pankaj Kishore, K. Ashok KumarAbstractFucoidan, a fucose rich sulphated polysaccharide, generally found in cell wall matrix of brown seaweeds possess diverse physiological properties. Crude fucoidan was extracted from Sargassum wightii, a brown seaweed common along the Indian coastline. A comparison was made between hot water extraction (HWE) and ultra-sonication extraction (UAE) methods. The UAE method gave higher yield (14.61 g/100 g) than HW...
Source: Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Nour A. Al-Sawalha, Osama Y. Alshogran, Mofleh S. Awawdeh, Basima A. AlmomaniAbstractAimsThe prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is increasing in several countries. The MetS is characterized by the occurrence of at least three of the following risk factors: decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased blood pressure, raised fasting blood glucose, elevated triglycerides, and abdominal obesity. There is a growing evidence of the role of l-carnosine in improving lipid profile and enhancement of the antioxidant activity. However,...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Mohammad Amin Javidi, Ayat Kaeidi, Seyedeh Sahar Mortazavi Farsani, Sadegh Babashah, Majid SadeghizadehAbstractAimsAn important obstacle on the way of cell-based therapy is the risk of tumorigenicity in the patients benefit from these transplanted cells due to undifferentiated cells which participate in transplantation. Curcumin, the main compound of spice turmeric -as one of the natural products-was demonstrated to possess effective anti-cancer properties, with no significant effect on normal cells in dose and/or time-dependent manner. Furth...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the pathophysiological characteristics of muscle hypotrophy in SHRSP to determine the therapeutic target molecule(s).Main methodsThe difference in skeletal muscles in the lower leg between WKY and SHRSP was evaluated mainly through weight/tibial length, histological, gene expression, and protein expression analyses.Key findingsSHRSP had a significantly lower weight/tibial length in soleus and gastrocnemius, but not in plantaris and tibialis anterior, indicating that muscles consisting of a relatively high amount of slow muscle fiber were affected. This result was confirmed by the hist...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study the effect of EAon muscle dysfunction, its mitochondria, and Sirt3 enzyme incuprizone-induced model of MSwas examined.Demyelination was induced by a diet containing 0.2% w/w cuprizone (Cup) for 42 days and EA administered daily (5, 50, and 100 mg/kg P.O) either with or without cuprizone in mice. Behavioral tests were assessed, and muscle tissue markers ofoxidative stress, mitochondrial parameters, mitochondrial respiratory chain activity, the Sirt3 protein level, and Sirt3 expression were also determined.Luxol fast blue staining and the behavioral tests were performed toassess the implemented model. In Cup ...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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