Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy Due to a Primary Carcinoid Prostatic Tumor in a Three-Year-Old Child: A Case Report

We present an extremely rare case of a 3-year-old child with a primary carcinoid tumor of the prostate. A 3-year-old boy presented with failure to thrive, constipation, recurrent respiratory tract infections, and pain in the genital area. His karyotype was normal and cystic fibrosis and coeliac disease were excluded prior to further investigation. An abdominopelvic computed tomography scan revealed a prostatic mass. Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy was therefore performed and pathological examination revealed a carcinoid tumor.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Pediatric Case Reports Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators B: ChemicalAuthor(s): C. Busacca, A. Donato, M. Lo Faro, A. Malara, G. Neri, S. TrocinoAbstractCobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanostructures are synthesized by the electrospinning method and their performances as CO gas sensor are investigated. Ethanol (EtOH) and N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) are selected as solvents to be separately mixed with cobalt(II) nitrate hexahydrate (Co(NO3)2·6H2O) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) in order to obtain two different solutions for the electrospinning and consequently two different morphologies of the electrospun ...
Source: Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, a UV-irradiation was exploited as an ease non-toxic photochemical method for a one-step reduction-deposition of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on zinc oxide nanorods supporter (AuNPs@ZnO) patterned on a flexible and porous membrane. Here, we were able to fabricate a self-cleaned and recyclable SERS-active flexible substrate for the quantitative analysis of hazard organic contaminants. The photocatalytic activity of AuNPs@ZnO nanorods was significantly improved under UV- irradiation and after the deposition of AuNPs of ∼21 nm on the surface of ZnO nanorods of average particle size ∼ 60 nm. T...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Arijita Paul, Siddhartha Sankar DharAbstractHerein we report a facile and cost-effective design for the fabrication of a new binary MnMoO4/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite through co-precipitation and hydrothermal routes. The resulting nanomaterial was characterized using powder X-ray Diffraction Studies (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM), Vibrati...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is difficult to distinguish amputation neuroma from malignant tumors because radiological findings of a neuroma mimic findings of malignancy. Intraoperative diagnosis is necessary to select an appropriate surgical procedure due to the difficulty of preoperative diagnosis.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsPhysicians should be alert of this tumor despite its rarity because diagnostic delays increase mortality. In this report, we summarize the features that differentiate PPAS from PE and the importance of imaging in diagnosing the tumor.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Social Science ResearchAuthor(s): Anaïd Flesken, Jakob HartlAbstractEstablishing electoral legitimacy across the population is vital for democratic stability, yet in contrast to other measures of political support, perceived electoral fairness has received scant scholarly attention. Moreover, while research into other measures of political support has shown that they differ by both ethnicity and socio-economic status, no study examines both at once, potentially overlooking important interrelationships between the two variables. This paper combines data from the...
Source: Social Science Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsExtra-pelvic endometriosis, traditionally thought to be rare, have been reported in a considerable number of cases. Heightened awareness and clinical suspicion of the disease, and multi-disciplinary approach is recommended to achieve prompt diagnosis and optimize patient outcomes. At this time, there are no comparative studies to provide recommendations regarding optimal diagnostic methods, treatment options and outcomes for endometriosis involving extra-pelvic sites.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsWithin a population at risk of fetal macrosomia the performance of 3D-US-EFW is similar to that of 2D-US-EFW in the prediction of macrosomia at term regardless of the method used for the projection of the EFW, however different properties were noted between the two techniques. Such finding suggests a potential complementary role of the techniques which warrants evaluation in future research.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsGVS appeared as a well-tolerated and powerful procedure for the relief of experimental pain, probably through physiological interaction within insular nociceptive networks. Either isolated or in combination with other types of vestibular activation (e.g., optokinetic stimuli), GVS deserves being tested in clinical settings.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe twin block is effective in the long-term management of masticatory myofascial pain as compared to trigger point injections.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03870191
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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