Male-to-Female Gender Reassignment Surgery: An Institutional Analysis of Outcomes, Short-Term Complications, and Risk Factors for 240 Patients Undergoing Penile-Inversion Vaginoplasty
To report outcomes, complications, and risk factors of a population cohort undergoing Male-to-Female (MtF) gender affirmation surgery via penile-inversion vaginoplasty by a single surgeon at a large academic institution. As gender dysphoria awareness increases among the medical community, so does the population of patients seeking gender-affirmation surgery. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jason A. Levy, Daniel C. Edwards, Paulette Cutruzzula-Dreher, Brian H. McGreen, Shawon Akanda, Susan Tarry, Laurence H. Belkoff, Kathy L. Rumer Source Type: research

Evolution of the Liquid Biopsy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer
We reviewed the literature for the biologic, prognostic, and predictive significance of circulating prostate cancer tumor cells (CTCs), and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in the blood of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer patients (mCRPC). CTCs demonstrate robust prognostic value independent of PSA in predicting overall survival. The CTC androgen receptor variant receptor 7 (AR-V7) phenotype predicts resistance to androgen receptor synthesis inhibitors and sensitivity to taxane based chemotherapy in mCRPC patients who are candidates for second line therapy. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jose G. Moreno, Leonard G. Gomella Source Type: research

Incidence of port site metastasis in laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy: Single-institution experience
To address the incidence and potential risk factors of port site metastasis (PSM) in patients who underwent laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Qianyu Kang, Yang Yu, Bo Yang Source Type: research

Shorter hospital stay and fewer hospitalisations in patients with visible haematuria on direct oral anticoagulants compared to on vitamin K antagonists
To investigate the influence of type of anticoagulation - direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) vs. vitamin K antagonists (VKA) – on length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospitalisation rates in patients with visible haematuria, as visible haematuria in anticoagulated patients can be distressing, difficult to control and even life-threatening. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Martin M üller, Flavio Bosshard, Nagler Michael, Beat Roth, Aristomenis K. Exadaktylos, Thomas C. Sauter Source Type: research

Combination of LIM-kinase 2 and Jun amino-terminal kinase inhibitors improves erectile function in a rat model of cavernous nerve injury
To determine if combined administration of LIMK2 and JNK inhibitors in a rat model of ED induced by cavernosal nerve (CN) injury could restore erectile function by suppressing both cavernosal apoptosis and fibrosis via rectification of molecular pathways related to the structural alterations. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 13, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Soo Woong Kim, Junghoon Lee, Juhyun Park, Ji Sun Chai, Sohee Oh, Jae-Seung Paick, Min Chul Cho Source Type: research

Incidence and Morbidity of Radiation-Induced Hemorrhagic Cystitis in Prostate Cancer
To determine if reported incidence rates of hemorrhagic cystitis after radiation therapy for prostate cancer are accurate, to investigate the effect of different radiation modalities on the development of hemorrhagic cystitis and to assess its morbidity and treatment. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Sarah E. Martin, Evan M. Begun, Eglal Samir, Mohammed T. Azaiza, Steven Allegro, Mazen Abdelhady Source Type: research

Impact of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Concordance of PD-L1 Staining Fidelity between the Primary Tumor and Lymph Node Metastases in Bladder Cancer
To evaluate programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) staining fidelity between the primary tumor and associated lymph node metastases in bladder cancer. To secondarily evaluate whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) affects this relationship. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kinnari R. Patel, Benjamin L. Taylor, Francesca Khani, Thomas J. Guzzo, Douglas S. Scherr, Roshan Ravishankar, Priti Lal, S. Bruce Malkowicz Source Type: research

The Impact of Institutional Factors On Physician Burnout: A National Study of Urology Trainees
To determine the prevalence of burnout in urology trainees and examine the influence of personal, programmatic, and institutional factors on burnout rates. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Daniel Marchalik, Jacob Brems, Ariel Rodriguez, John H. Lynch, Jamie Padmore, Lambros Stamatakis, Ross Krasnow Source Type: research

Letter-to-the-Editor Reply: "The Impact of 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT and PET/MRI on the Management of Prostate Cancer"
Eric A. Klein, MD Editor in Chief (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Manuela A. Hoffmann, Helmut J. Wieler, Christian Baues, Nicholas J. Kuntz, Ines Richardsen, Mathias Schreckenberger Tags: Letter-to-the-Editor: Source Type: research

Survival Benefit Persists with Delayed Initiation of Adjuvant Chemotherapy following Radical Cystectomy for Locally Advanced Bladder Cancer
To determine if delaying the initiation of adjuvant chemotherapy following radical cystectomy for locally advanced bladder cancer worsens overall survival. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christopher J. Corbett, Leilei Xia, Ronac Mamtani, S. Bruce Malkowicz, Thomas J. Guzzo Source Type: research

A prospective study to evaluate efficacy using the nuro ™ percutaneous tibial neuromodulation system in drug-naÏve patients with overactive bladder syndrome (oab)
To evaluate changes from baseline in urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) episodes, urinary frequency (UF) and quality of life through 12 weeks of percutaneous tibial neuromodulation (PTNM) therapy using NURO in drug-na ïve OAB subjects. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kathleen Kobashi, Victor Nitti, Eric Margolis, Peter Sand, Steven Siegel, Salil Khandwala, Diane Newman, Scott A. MacDiarmid, Fangyu Kan, Elizabeth Michaud Source Type: research

A Prospective Study of the Urinary and Gastrointestinal Microbiome in Prepubertal Males
To determine if urinary microbial communities similar to those described in adults exist in children and to profile the urinary and gastrointestinal microbiome in children presenting to urology for both routine and complex urologic procedures. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Borna Kassiri, Eva Shrestha, Matthew Kasprenski, Corina Antonescu, Liliana D. Florea, Karen S. Sfanos, Ming-Hsien Wang Tags: Pediatric urology Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and surgical management of adult adrenal teratoma: a 15-year experience and systematic review of the literature
To summarize the clinical characteristics and surgical management of adrenal teratoma in adults. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wenlong Zhong, Runzhuo Ma, Sida Cheng, Jie Tian, He Wang, Tianyu Wang, Zheng Zhang, Xuesong Li, Jian Lu, Lulin Ma, Liqun Zhou Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Penile Abscess
A 72-year-old man presented with pain and swelling in the penis, indicating penile infection or abscess. An ultrasound was performed but unable to lead to a diagnosis of abscess. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was strongly suggestive of penile abscess. The puncture of the abscess was unsuccessful. However, pus was drained spontaneously via the urethra, and the symptoms disappeared eventually. Although ultrasound can be useful, sometimes it might be difficult to distinguish between inflammatory tissue and abscess containing necrotic tissue. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kentaro Yamada, Masahiro Horikawa, Hiroshi Shinmoto Source Type: research

Legal review of vasectomy litigation and the variables impacting trial outcomes
We examined the risk factors and types of negligence involved in vasectomy cases that go to trial and their associated outcomes. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Andrew J Blazek, Joshua Belle, Michael P Deibert, Christopher M Deibert Source Type: research

Sowing the Seeds: Metastatic Implants Along a Cryoprobe Tract; A rare complication of percutaneous renal cryoablation
We report a case of cryoprobe tract tumor seeding following cryoablation of a small biopsy proven renal cell carcinoma. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Eric J Fichtenbaum, James F Donovan Source Type: research

68Ga Scatter Correction to Eliminate Halo-Artifacts in PET Imaging
Eric A. Klein, MD (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kristen Wangerin, Andrei Iagaru Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Resident Impact on Patient & Surgeon Satisfaction and Outcomes: Evidence for Health System Support for Urology Education.
To assess the effect of resident involvement on patient and physician satisfaction, we evaluated the outcomes from a private urology group both prior to and after initiation of resident coverage. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bradley C Holland, Neil Patel, Randy Sulaver, Bradford Stevenson, Jessica Healey, William Severino, Thomas Baron, David Lieber, David Roszhart, Kevin T. McVary, Tobias S. K öhler Source Type: research

Oncological outcome of cytoreductive radical prostatectomy in prostate cancer patients with bone oligometastases
To explore the role of cytoreductive radical prostatectomy (CRP) for locally resectable and distant oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tian Lan, Ye Chen, QinJun Su, JianJun Ye Source Type: research

Change in functional status after prostate cancer treatment among Medicare Advantage beneficiaries
To examine the relationship between treatment and subsequent functional status among prostate cancer patients. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bruce L. Jacobs, Samia H. Lopa, Jonathan G. Yabes, Joel B. Nelson, Amber E. Barnato, Howard B. Degenholtz Source Type: research

Long term functional success after pyeloplasty for pelvi-ureteral junction obstruction in unilateral poorly functioning kidney in exclusively adults population
To assess long term clinical and functional outcomes post pyeloplasty in unilateral UPJO in poorly functioning kidneys in exclusive adult population. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 7, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M.A. Elbaset, Mohamad H Zahran, M.A. Sharaf, A.M. Elmeniar, Osama Ezzat, Mostafa Elgmal, Mohamed Badawy, Yasser Osman Source Type: research

Exploration of Practice Patterns in Exstrophy Closures: A Comparison between Surgical Specialties using a National and Institutional Database
To compare the surgical subspecialties performing bladder exstrophy (BE) closures and characterize their practice patterns using both a national and institutional database. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohammad H. Zaman, Rachel Davis, Mahir Maruf, Heather DiCarlo, John P Gearhart Source Type: research

Anteroposterior duplicated exstrophy: a case report
We present a unique case of  an anteroposterior duplicated exstrophy in a female newborn. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 6, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Burak Ardi çli, Hasan Serkan Dogan, Tariq Asi, Diclehan Orhan, Serdar Tekgul Source Type: research

Glanular venous malformation in pediatric age: an uncommon vascular disorder
We report three paediatric cases successfully treated by surgery with no complications and functional sequelae. Cosmetic results were satisfactory, with minimal surgical scarring. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - June 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. El Hachem, M. Bada, A. Diociaiuti, F. Diomedi-Camassei, G. Paolantonio, R. Rotunno, S. Gerocarni Nappo, P. Caione Source Type: research

Robotic Instrument Failure-A Critical Analysis of Cause and Quality Improvement Strategies
To introduce a quality improvement initiative tracking robotic instrument failures on a per case basis. It is imperative to understand rates of failure, financial implications of failures, and identify factors suggesting common mechanisms of failure. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Alexander Tapper, Derek Leale, Gregory Megahan, Kimberly Nacker, Jason Hafron Source Type: research

Long-term Recurrence Rates in Uric Acid Stone Formers With or Without Medical Management
To determine if medical therapy affects long-term clinical outcomes in uric acid stone formers (UASF). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Benjamin K. Canales, Nitin Sharma, Stanislav V. Yuzhakov, Shahab Bozorgmehri, Brandon J. Otto, Vincent G. Bird Source Type: research

Synchronous Urothelial Bladder and Renal Malignancies. Case Report and Review of Urologic Cancers in patients with Familial Rb Mutations
We present a urologic case report associated with retinoblastoma (RB1) mutation. A 65-year-old man, who has a history of bilateral retinoblastoma treated with primary radiation therapy at approximately 1 year of age. He presented with a 3-month history of gross hematuria and, on initial workup, was found to have synchronous renal and urothelial malignancies. The patient underwent complete transurethral resection of high grade Ta urothelial cancer and robotic-assisted partial nephrectomy for a pT3a leiomyosarcoma. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 31, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gabriel Leinwand, Jacob W. Greenberg, Andrew B. Sholl, Louis S Krane Source Type: research

[18F]Fluciclovine-PET Guided Salvage Lymph Node Dissection Following Radical Prostatectomy
Despite advances in standard-of-care treatment for prostate cancer, including pelvic radiotherapy and radical prostatectomy with lymph node dissection, biochemical recurrence remains a problem with some studies reporting up to 30% of patients with biochemical recurrence at 10-years following treatment. Upon detection of a rise in serum prostate-specific antigen following treatment, clinicians are left with the dilemma of how best to treat these patients. Frequently, these patients are restaged with CT of the abdomen and pelvis or MRI of the pelvis in addition to a nuclear medicine bone scan. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Samuel J. Galgano, Carli E. Calderone, Jeffrey W. Nix, Soroush Rais-Bahrami Source Type: research

Locally Invasive Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Left Ureter in a Patient with a Duplicated Inferior Vena Cava
A 56 year-old female presented to an outside institution for several days of abnormal uterine bleeding. At that time, she underwent a dilation and curettage and was discharged. Five days post-operatively, she presented to the emergency room with abdominal cramping, vaginal bleeding, hematuria, and left flank pain. Cross-sectional imaging was obtained which revealed left moderate hydronephrosis and a soft tissue mid-ureteral mass (figure 1& 2). The endometrial biopsy performed by gynecology resulted in only endometrial hyperplasia. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shaan A Setia, Alexander K Chow, Christopher L Coogan Tags: Grand Rounds Source Type: research

Overuse of Cystoscopic Surveillance among Patients with Low-Risk Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer – A National Study of Patient, Provider, and Facility Factors
To understand cystoscopic surveillance practices among patients with low-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David S. Han, Kristine E. Lynch, Ji won Chang, Brenda Sirovich, Douglas J. Robertson, Amanda R. Swanton, John D. Seigne, Philip P. Goodney, Florian R. Schroeck Source Type: research

Major acute cardiovascular events after transurethral prostate surgery: a population-based analysis
To test the prevalence and predictors of major acute cardiovascular events (MACE) after transurethral prostate surgery (TPS). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michele Marchioni, Luca Cindolo, Marta Di Nicola, Luigi Schips, Marco De Sio, Estev ão Lima, Vincenzo Mirone, Luigi Cormio, Evangelos Liatsikos, Francesco Porpiglia, Riccardo Autorino, EAU Section of Uro-Technology (ESUT) Research Group Source Type: research

Durability of Retropubic Suburethral Sling Procedure and Predictors for Successful Treatment Outcome in Women with Stress Urinary Incontinence
To investigate the long-term durability of retropubic suburethral sling procedure for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to identify urodynamic factors that might predict long-term successful outcomes. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hsin-Ho Liu, Hann-Chorng Kuo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Teaching Urologists “How to Read Multi-Parametric Prostate MRIs Using PIRADSv2”: Results of an iBook Pilot Study
To create an online resource that teaches urologists how to interpret prostate multi-parametric MRIs (mpMRI). As prostate mpMRI becomes widely adopted for cancer diagnosis and targeted biopsy, it is increasingly important that urologists are comfortable and experienced in assessing the images. The purpose of this study was to create an online mpMRI ibook and measure its effect on instilling proficiency amongst urology residents. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nancy N. Wang, Richard E. Fan, Pejman Ghanouni, Geoffrey A. Sonn Source Type: research

Trends and Predictors of Adjuvant Therapy for Adverse Features Following Radical Prostatectomy: An Analysis from CaPSURE
To determine trends and predictors of adjuvant therapy in patients with adverse features at radical prostatectomy (RP), and to investigate the associations of adjuvant therapy and adverse feature type with survival. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ashwin S. Balakrishnan, Shoujun Zhao, Janet E. Cowan, Jeanette M. Broering, Matthew R. Cooperberg, Peter R. Carroll Source Type: research

Abnormal Brain Functional Connectivity strength in the overactive bladder syndrome: A Resting-State fMRI Study
To investigate the whole-brain functional connectivity strength (FCS) of patients with the overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Long Zuo, Yang Zhou, Shuangkun Wang, Biao Wang, Hua Gu, Jingnan Chen Tags: BASIC and TRANSLATIONAL SCIENCE Source Type: research

The modified McIndoe technique: A scar-free surgical approach for vaginoplasty with an autologous micro-mucosa graft
To evaluate the effect of a scar-free surgical approach, the modified McIndoe technique, in cases of vaginal agenesis. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yue Teng, Lin Zhu, Yuming Chong, Ang Zeng, Zhifei Liu, Nanze Yu, Wenchao Zhang, Cheng Chen, Xiaojun Wang Source Type: research

Atypical presentation of seminoma in the prostate –case report
Seminoma is a very common germ cell tumor of the testicle. It is a malignant neoplasm and is one of the most treatable and curable cancers, with a survival rate of over 95% if discovered in early stages. Primary extra-gonadal germ cell tumors are rare, and nearly two third are seminomatous tumors.1 As majority of the extra gonadal GCTs originate from the midline structures, commonly reported locations include the mediastinum, thymus, retroperitoneal organs and pineal gland.2,3 Extra gonadal GCTs have a good prognosis and a low rate of metastatic potential. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zehra Kazmi, Nasir Sulaiman, Mazhar Shaukat, Ahsan Rafi, Zubair Ahmed, M Hammad Ather Source Type: research

Adoption of Abiraterone and Enzalutamide by Urologists
To investigate the adoption of abiraterone and enzalutamide by urologists. Abiraterone and enzalutamide are oral therapies approved for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, a disease most commonly treated by medical oncologists. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Megan E.V. Caram, Samuel R. Kaufman, Parth K. Modi, Lindsey Herrel, Mary Oerline, Ryan Ross, Ted A. Skolarus, Brent K. Hollenbeck, Vahakn Shahinian Source Type: research

High inguinal microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord for chronic scrotal content pain: A novel approach for adult and pediatric patients
To improve the technique and results of microsurgical denervation of the spermatic cord (MDSC) for men with chronic scrotal content pain (CSCP), we describe a novel approach at the level of the internal inguinal ring for the complete transection of the nerves running both inside and outside the spermatic cord for adults and children. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Koji Shiraishi, Masanori Tabara, Hideyasu Matsuyama Source Type: research

Training Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons: A Survey of Graduated Fellows and Fellowship Directors
To review the Society of Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgeons fellowship and matching process. There are currently 20 fellowships offered. A centralized match began in 2013-2014. Fellowship directors and graduated fellows were surveyed regarding their experience in their matching process, fellowship, employment opportunities, and their current practice. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brittney H. Cotta, Kurt A. McCammon, Keith Rourke, Daniel Rosenstein, Jill C. Buckley Source Type: research

Single-port Robotic Intracorporeal Ileal Conduit Urinary Diversion During Radical Cystectomy Using the SP Surgical System: Step-by-step Technique
To describe the step-by-step technique for robotic intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion (ICUD) following radical cystectomy performed by using the novel da Vinci SP surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jihad Kaouk, Juan Garisto, Mohamed Eltemamy, Riccardo Bertolo Tags: Surgical Techniques in Urology Source Type: research

Delayed Presentation of Urethro-Cavernosal Fistula After Urotrauma
To define clinical features and surgical management of urethra-cavernosal fistulas (UCF). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jullet Han, Saum Ghodoussipour, Leo Doumanian Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of efficacy and safety following holmium laser enucleation of prostate and transurethral resection of prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia
Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) still remains the “gold standard” surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In recent years, holmium laser enucleation of prostate (HoLEP) gets more and more popularity in the world. Our objective is to compare the efficacy and safety of HoLEP and TURP for BPH. Eleven studies met our eligibility criteria including 1339 patients. The prostate sizes of the all included studies were smaller than 100 g. Overall, in patients with small to mid-sized prostates, HoLEP offers safer clinical outcomes with less blood drop and potentially better long-term relief o...
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jian Zhong, Zhenhua Feng, Yeping Peng, Hao Liang Source Type: research

Care Quality and Variability in the Use of Intravesical Therapy for Initial Treatment of Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer within a Large, Diverse Integrated Delivery System
To examine treatment variability, disparities, and quality among newly diagnosed non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients, and to identify factors associated with treatment use in a large, diverse integrated delivery system. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Kim N. Danforth, Margo A. Sidell, Tiffany Q. Luong, David K. Yi, Ayae Yamamoto, Aniket A. Kawatkar, Philip H. Kim, Ronald K. Loo, Stephen G. Williams Source Type: research

King of the Queen City: The Urologist Who Saved Buffalo
When thinking of the great men and women of urology, one might consider the early pioneers in treatment of stones, voiding dysfunction, infertility, or cancer. Throughout history, urologists have also been technological leaders and have been at the cutting edge of medicine and public health. One such leader, Walter D. Greene, emerged in the “Queen City” of Buffalo, New York at the turn of the 20th century, when one of the most serious issues facing American cities was the outbreak of venereal and infectious diseases. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michael Ernst, Amanda Sherman, Sean McGinley Source Type: research

Influence of socioeconomic factors on stone burden at presentation to tertiary referral center: Data from the Registry for Stones of the Kidney and Ureter
To determine social factors associated with advanced stone disease (defined as unilateral stone burden>2cm) at time of presentation to a regional stone referral center. Little is known about social determinants of urolithiasis. We hypothesize that socioeconomic factors impact kidney stone severity at intake to referral centers. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: David Bayne, Manint Usawachintachit, Manuel Armas-Phan, David Tzou, Scott Wiener, Timothy T. Brown, Marshall Stoller, Thomas L. Chi Source Type: research

Trends in the Usage of Contrast Allergy Prophylaxis for Endourologic Procedures
To characterize current practice patterns of urologists in the management of intravenous (IV) contrast allergy in the setting of endourologic procedures. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anand Mohapatra, Gina Hyun, Michelle Jo Semins Source Type: research

Qualitative analysis of the content found in online discussion boards for urethral stricture disease and urethroplasty
To describe the patient experience and chief concerns with urethroplasty to improve physician understanding and patient education. Online discussion boards allow patients with urethral stricture disease (USD) to connect with other USD patients. It is unknown how men use these web resources and what information is available about urethroplasty. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: B.E. Cedars, A.J. Cohen, K.B. Fergus, N. Baradaran, M. Ndoye, P. Kamal, B.N. Breyer Source Type: research

The utilization of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder-related medications after a transurethral prostatectomy
To determine how often prostate- and bladder-specific medications for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are used following a transurethral prostatectomy (TURP). (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jeffrey Campbell, Jennifer Reid, Michael Ordon, Blayne Welk Source Type: research

Management of the Clinically Negative (cN0) Groin Penile Cancer Patient: A Review
To determine the role of non-invasive, minimally invasive diagnostic modalities and current management recommendations for cN0 PNC, a literature review using PubMed ® and Web of Science® search engines were conducted. We found that for predicting ILN+: physical exam has limitations, nomograms are not validated, conventional CT/MRI/PET scans have minimal role, and DSLNB is the most reliable minimally invasive modality. Adverse pathological features: G3, stage ≥ T2, presence of LVI, and rare histopathological variants are important predictors of ILN+ and their presence warrants prophylactic ILND or DSLNB. (Source: Urology)
Source: Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mohamed H. Kamel, Mahmoud I. Khalil, Rodney Davis, Philippe E. Spiess Source Type: research