MicroRNA-181d associated with the methylation status of the MGMT gene in Glioblastoma multiforme cancer stem cells submitted to treatments with ionizing radiation and temozolomide.

This study aimed to analyze the role of microRNA-181d associated with the methylation status of the O6-methylguanine methyl transferase (MGMT) gene in Glioblastoma Multiforme cancer stem cells subjected to treatment with temozolomide and ionizing radiation. Such responses were analyzed in terms of cell survival, evaluation of the MGMT gene methylation status by MS- HRM (Methylation-Sensitive High Resolution Melting), and analysis of miRNA-181d and MGMT gene expression by relative quantification of mRNA levels in cancer stem cells subjected to treatment with temozolomide and ionizing radiation, isolated or combined. We showed that ionizing radiation and temozolomide reduced the viability of cancer stem cells from GBM patients, as well as modified MGMT gene and miRNA-181d expression in cancer stem cells, suggesting that miRNA-181d interferes in the glioblastoma cancer stem cell response to treatment with temozolomide and ionizing radiation. PMID: 31226325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

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AbstractGlioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a lethal grade IV glioma (WHO classification) and widely prevalent primary brain tumor in adults. GBM tumors harbor cellular heterogeneity with the presence of a small subpopulation of tumor cells, described as GBM cancer stem cells (CSCs) that pose resistance to standard anticancer regimens and eventually mediate aggressive relapse or intractable progressive GBM. Existing conventional anticancer therapies for GBM do not target GBM stem cells and are mostly palliative; therefore, exploration of new strategies to target stem cells of GBM has to be prioritized for the development of e...
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: All together, these findings suggest that mGluR3 NAM could be a potential drug to improve treatment of Glioblastoma. Acknowledgements: The authors would like to acknowledge supporting research grants R01EB021708 and R01EB012864.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Basic Oncology & amp; Translational (Poster Session) Source Type: research
l Schreiber Glioblastoma multiforme is the most lethal type of brain tumor that is not yet curable owing to its frequent resurgence after surgery. Resistance is mainly caused by the presence of a subpopulation of tumor cells, the glioma stem cells (GSCs), which are highly resistant to radiation and chemotherapy. In 2015, Zikavirus (ZIKV)-induced microcephaly emerged in newborns, indicating that ZIKV has a specific neurotropism. Accordingly, an oncolytic tropism for infecting GSCs was demonstrated in a murine tumor model. Like other flaviviruses, ZIKV is enveloped by two proteins, prM and E. The pME expression plasmid a...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results presented here suggest that the ChemoID Assay has the potential to stratify individualized chemotherapy choices to improve recurrent and progressive high-grade glioma patient survival. IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY: Glioblastoma (GBM) and progressive anaplastic glioma are the most aggressive brain tumor in adults and their prognosis is very poor even if treated with the standard of care chemoradiation Stupp's protocol. Recent knowledge pointed out that current treatments often fail to successfully target cancer stem cells (CSCs) that are responsible for therapy resistance and recurrence of these mal...
Source: Translational Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Transl Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and malignant astrocytic glioma, accounting for about 90% of all brain tumors with poor prognosis. Despite recent advances in understanding molecular mechanisms of oncogenesis and the improved neuroimaging technologies, surgery and adjuvant treatments, the clinical prognosis of patients with GBM remains persistently unfavorable. The signaling pathways and the regulation of growth factors of glioblastoma cells are very abnormal. The various signaling pathways have been suggested to be involved in cellular proliferation, invasion and glioma metastasis. The Wnt signaling...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
AbstractIn the pediatric population, brain tumors represent the most commonly diagnosed solid neoplasms and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally. They include low-grade gliomas (LGGs), medulloblastomas (MBs), and other embryonal, ependymal, and neuroectodermal tumors. The mainstay of treatment for most brain tumors includes surgical intervention, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. However, resistance to conventional therapy is widespread, which contributes to the high mortality rates reported and lack of improvement in patient survival despite advancement in therapeutic research. This has been attributed t...
Source: Cancer and Metastasis Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
The objective of this paper was to obtain monitored tumor-targeted therapeutic nanoparticles (NPs). To that end, theranostic surfactant-coated polymer poly-Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid (PLGA) nanoplatform encapsulating doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) and superparamagnetic iron oxide NPs (SPIONs) were developed. Different non-ionic surfactants known as BBB crossing enhancers (Tween 80, Brij-35, Pluronic F68 or Vitamin E-TPGS) were used to develop 4 types of theranostic nanoplatforms, which were characterized in terms of size and morphology by DLS, TEM and STEM-HAADF analyses. Moreover, the 3-month stability test, the therapeutic...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Biopharm Source Type: research
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Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We investigated by immunohistochemistry the clinical significance and the evolution of Oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor 2 (OLIG2) and cyclin D2 (CCND2) protein expression, two markers highly specific of glioma stem cells, on a cohort of human paired glioblastoma samples comparing initial resections with recurrent tumors after radiation therapy alone or radio ‐chemotherapy with temozolomide according to the Stupp regimen. Our study highlighted for the first time the prognostic value of high nuclear expression of CCND2 at initial surgery which is associated with early mortality and patients for whom nuclear exp...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
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