Molecular phylodiagnosis of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato and Taenia hydatigena determined by mitochondrial Cox1 and SSU-rDNA markers in Iranian dogs: indicating the first record of pig strain (G7) in definitive host in the Middle East

Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Seyed Reza Mirbadie, Abbas Najafi Nasab, Mohammad Ali Mohaghegh, Pirasteh Norouzi, Mehdi Mirzaii, Adel SpotinAbstractUnawareness of canine parasitic diseases among at-risk hosts and an uncontrolled program of stray dog population have caused that zoonotic parasites received great attention in endemic regions of the Middle East. A total of 552 faecal samples were collected between December 2016 to January 2018 from stray (n = 408) and domestic (n = 144) dogs of Iran. All specimens were coproscopically observed following concentration and flotation techniques. Subsequently, the DNAs of taeniid eggs were extracted, amplified, and sequenced by targeting of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 and small-subunit ribosomal DNA markers. The overall prevalence of canine intestinal parasites found 53.6%. The following parasites and their total frequencies were identified: taeniid (10.5%), Dicrocoelium dendriticum (0.7%), Trichuris vulpis (1.2%), Capillaria spp. (2.3%), Blastocystis spp. (5.2%), Ancylostoma spp. (2%), Eimeria spp. (13.2%), Dipylidium caninum (2.3%), Toxocara canis (3.8%), Giardia spp. (8.5%), and Toxascaris leonina (3.6%). Stray dogs were characterized more likely to be poliparasitized and indicated a higher prevalence of taeniid (10.9%), T. canis (4.4%) Giardia spp. (10.1%) than domestic dogs (P >&thins...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: BiologyAuthor(s): Pandiyan Nithya, Murugesan Balaji, Arumugam Mayakrishnan, Chinnalagu Dhilip Kumar, Selvaraj Rajesh, Azhagar Surya, Mahalingam SundrarajanAbstractThe noble metal such as Ag and Au doped CeO2 nanoparticles was successfully prepared by ionic liquid assisted hydrothermal method in the presence of Justicia adhatoda leaves extract and were used as an antibacterial and anticancer agent. The FT-IR and Raman spectrum exhibit the peaks at 460 and 464 cm−1 assigned to CeO stretching vibrations of NPs. The...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract Araucaria angustifolia is endemic to southern Brazil. Known as Brazilian pine, A. angustifolia is the only native conifer species with economic and social relevance in this country. Due to massive exploitation, it has suffered a significant population decline and currently is classified as critically endangered. This encouraged the scientific community to investigate genetic features in Brazilian pine to increase resources for management and preservation. In this work, RNA-Seq data was used to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of the A. angustifolia chloroplast genome (cpDNA). The cpDNA is 146,203 bp in l...
Source: Genetics and Molecular Biology - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Karoun H Bagamian, John D Anderson, Farzana Muhib, Oliver Cumming, Lindsey A Laytner, Thomas F Wierzba, Richard RheingansSummaryBackgroundDiarrhoea, a global cause of child mortality and morbidity, is linked to adverse consequences including childhood stunting and death from other diseases. Few studies explore how diarrhoeal mortality varies subnationally, especially by cause, which is important for targeting investments. Even fewer examine indirect effects of diarrhoeal morbidity on child mortality. We estimated the subnational d...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Lancet Global HealthAuthor(s): Karen H Keddy
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Christensen LFB, Schafer N, Wolf-Perez A, Madsen DJ, Otzen DE Abstract Functional amyloid (FuBA) is produced by a large fraction of all bacterial species and represents a constructive use of the stable amyloid fold, in contrast to the pathological amyloid seen in neurodegenerative diseases. When assembled into amyloid, FuBA is unusually robust and withstands most chemicals including denaturants and SDS. Uses include strengthening of bacterial biofilms, cell-to-cell communication, cell wall construction and even bacterial warfare. Biogenesis is under tight spatio-temporal control, thanks to a simple but eff...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Matthew O'Conner presented at Undoing Aging earlier this year on the startup biotech company Underdog Pharmaceuticals. The company is spinning out of the SENS Research Foundation (SRF), based on research conducted by the scientific team there in recent years. The company is focused on a class of molecule known cyclodextrins, and have candidates capable of efficiently binding and sequestering 7-ketocholesterol. This form of oxidized cholesterol is of great importance to the progression of atherosclerosis, and possibly other age-related conditions as well. In the case of atherosclerosis, the presence of oxidized cholesterols...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Healthy Life Extension Community Source Type: blogs
Homology modeling and molecular dynamics dimulation study of β carbonic anhydrase of Ascaris lumbricoides. Bioinformation. 2019;15(8):572-578 Authors: Yadav M, Khandelwal S Abstract Ascaris lumbricoides is the prevalent parasite causing ascariasis by infecting the human alimentary tract. This is common in the jejunum of small intestine. Therefore, it is of interest to describe the target protein β Carbonic Anhydrase involved in Ascariasis. Carbonic anhydrase (CAs, the metallo enzymes) is encoded by six evolutionary divergent gene families α, β,γ, δ, ζ, and η, ...
Source: Bioinformation - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinformation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious DiseasesAuthor(s): Lorena Porte, Thomas Weitzel
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Thomas Datzmann, Andrea Hoffmann, Oscar McCook, Tamara Merz, Ulrich Wachter, Jonathan Preuss, Sabine Vettorazzi, Enrico Calzia, Michael Gröger, Fabian Kohn, Andreas Schmid, Nicole Denoix, Peter Radermacher, Martin WeplerAbstractControversial data are available on hydrogen sulfide (H2S) during hemorrhage and resuscitation, depending on timing, dosing, mode of application, and the H2S donor used. Sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) is a recognized drug devoid of major side effects, which attenuated murine acute lung injury and cerebra...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 107Author(s): Pooyan Makvandi, Ghareib W. Ali, Francesca Della Sala, Wafa I. Abdel-Fattah, Assunta BorzacchielloAbstractInjectable hydrogels have revealed the great potential for use as scaffolds in cartilage and bone tissue engineering. Here, thermosensitive and injectable hydrogels containing β-tricalcium phosphate, hyaluronic acid, and corn silk extract-nanosilver (CSE-Ag NPs) were synthesized for their potential use in bone tissue regeneration applications. Spherical nanoparticles of silver were biosynthesized through microwave-ass...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Blastocystis | Endemics | Gastroenteritis | Genetics | Giardiasis | Infectious Diseases | Iran Health | Microbiology | Middle East Health | Mitochondrial Disease | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Zoonoses