Protecting Plants Will Protect People and the Planet
By Barbara WellsROME, Jul 26 2021 (IPS) Back-to-back droughts followed by plagues of locusts have pushed over a million people in southern Madagascar to the brink of starvation in recent months. In the worst famine in half a century, villagers have sold their possessions and are eating the locusts, raw cactus fruits, and wild leaves to survive. Barbara WellsInstead of bringing relief, this year’s rains were accompanied by warm temperatures that created the ideal conditions for infestations of fall armyworm, which destroys mainly maize, one of the main food crops of sub-Saharan Africa. Drought and famine are not stra...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - July 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Barbara Wells Tags: Africa Biodiversity Climate Change COVID-19 Development & Aid Economy & Trade Environment Featured Food & Agriculture Food Security and Nutrition Food Sustainability Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Natural Re Source Type: news

AI used to predict unknown links between viruses and mammals
(University of Liverpool) A new University of Liverpool study could help scientists mitigate the future spread of zoonotic and livestock diseases caused by existing viruses.Researchers have used a form or artificial intelligence (AI) called machine-learning to predict more than 20,000 unknown associations between known viruses and susceptible mammalian species. The findings, which are published in Nature Communications, could be used to help target disease surveillance programmes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 25, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Southeast Asia and Food Price Inflation: Double Whammy
This article was first published by ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute as a commentary in Fulcrum.” With a link back to the original article — https://fulcrum.sg/southeast-asia-and-food-price-inflation-double-whammy/ Professor Paul Teng is an Associate Senior Fellow in the Climate Change in Southeast Asia Programme of ISEAS-Yusof Ishak institute. He is also Dean and Managing Director of NIE International, Nanyang Technological University Singapore.   Follow @IPSNewsUNBureau !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],p=/^http:/.test(d.location)?'http':'https';if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d....
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Paul Teng Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Climate Change Economy & Trade Environment Financial Crisis Food & Agriculture Food Security and Nutrition Food Sustainability Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

To Improve Global Health Security, We Must Not Abandon Tackling Existing Epidemics
Over 600 million people in Africa require treatment for an NTD, making up 35% of the global burden. Credit: Uniting to Combat NTDsBy Thoko Elphick-PooleyHOVE, United Kingdom, Jun 11 2021 (IPS) As world leaders come together in the UK for the G7, the global response to COVID-19 and how we can build a better defence system against infection is at the forefront of discussions.  Whilst we applaud the incredible global efforts in tackling COVID-19 and support calls for vaccines to be shared equitably across the world, we also urge G7 leaders not to abandon efforts to tackle existing epidemics such as neglected tropical dis...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - June 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Thoko Elphick Pooley Tags: Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) Source Type: news

The Guardian view on the Covid lab-leak theory: act on what we know | Editorial
This pandemic ’s precise origins may never be certain. We must address both zoonotic transmission risks and lab securityWhen something goes terribly wrong, it is human instinct to look for the human hand – perhaps to reassure ourselves that life is not wholly beyond our control. As the flu pandemic reached the US just over a century ago, someblamed German agents. So it wasn ’t surprising when people claimed that coronavirus had leaked from – or was even manufactured in –a laboratory in Wuhan, China, where the outbreak began. Nor was it surprising when Donald Trump and his allies promoted the s...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - June 10, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Editorial Tags: Coronavirus Infectious diseases Microbiology China Joe Biden Medical research Science World Health Organization US foreign policy Source Type: news

Preventing the Next Health Crisis Depends on Health Workers. We Need 18 Million More
Over 115,000 health and care workers died during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a physician who’s cared for patients with COVID-19, malaria and Ebola, I’ve seen too many colleagues make the ultimate sacrifice on the frontlines. I’m not surprised experts responding to TIME’s survey ranked bolstering the world’s public health workforce, particularly in rural and remote regions, as one of the top five of nearly 50 strategies to prepare for the next pandemic. But I’m concerned they ranked this the least feasible strategy amongst the top five. Experts ranked high the need for new systems to raise ...
Source: TIME: Health - June 10, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Raj Panjabi Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 health Magazine Source Type: news

Representations of free-living and unrestrained dogs as an emerging public health issue in Australian newspapers - Degeling C, Hall J, van Eeden LM, Finlay SM, Gurung SM, Brookes VJ.
That dogs can live and breed as free-living animals contributes to public health risks including zoonotic transmission, dog bites, and compromising people's sense of safety in public spaces. In Australia, free-living dog populations are comprised of domest... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 4, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Consideration of Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases Consideration of Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
This study suggests that while the prevalence of vector-borne and zoonotic diseases is on the rise in the U.S., they are often misdiagnosed and underreported by healthcare practitioners.Southern Medical Journal (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - June 3, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care Journal Article Source Type: news

Future Pandemic? Consider Radically Altering Animal Agriculture Practices
(Florida Atlantic University) Almost three-quarters of emerging infectious diseases are spread between animals and people. COVID-19 is the latest and most impactful zoonotic event of the modern era. Researchers offer three plausible solutions to mitigate zoonotic risk associated with intensive animal agriculture. They explore incentivizing plant-based and cell-based animal source food alternatives through government subsidies, disincentivizing intensive animal source food production through the adoption of a " zoonotic tax, " and eliminating intensive animal source food production through a total ban. (Source: Eu...
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Study offers insights for communicating about wildlife, zoonotic disease amid COVID-19
(North Carolina State University) A new study from North Carolina State University found that certain types of messages could influence how people perceive information about the spread of diseases from wildlife to humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - June 2, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Jane Goodall: If We Don’t Make Peace With Nature, Expect More Deadly Pandemics
The famed primatologist spent the quarantine broadcasting to the world about the threat of climate change, zoonotic disease and biodiversity loss. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - May 28, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: news

Why Our Best Defence Against Future Pandemics is Data
Scientists in Thailand work to combat zoonotic diseases at their source. The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates “intimate” linkages between the health of humans, animals and ecosystems, as zoonotic diseases spread between animals and people, the World Health Organization (WHO) chief said February 21. Credit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) via UN NewsBy Andy PetersEDINBURGH, Scotland, May 24 2021 (IPS) Although the World Health Organization’s (WHO) mission to discover its origins has proven inconclusive, the Covid-19 pandemic has nonetheless clearly highlighted the need for better care, atten...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 24, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andy Peters Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Chinese military tied to Pentagon-funded virus research center that manufactures biological weapons
(Natural News) A close examination of Chinese-language documents and scientific publications has revealed that the Pentagon and the Chinese military have been working together to develop biological weapons such as the Wuhan coronavirus (Covid-19). The Military Veterinary Research Institute and the Institute of Zoonotic Diseases in Changchun, Jilin Province, China, led by People’s Liberation Army... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - May 19, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Extra Life: A Short History of Living Longer review – the gobsmacking truth about vaccines
Want a booster shot of knowledge? David Olusoga and Steven Johnson ’s new show will teach you about the magic, and the horrors, behind the medical breakthroughs of our timeIn 1900, the average global life expectancy was 32. Today, a tiny blink of historical time later, it ’s twice that. In a developed country, you will most likely live to see your grandchildren and can hope not unreasonably to see a great-grandson or daughter, too. The new four-part series Extra Life: A Short History of Living Longer (BBC Four), presented byhistorian David Olusoga and US science writer Steven Johnson, explores how a handful of ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 18, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Lucy Mangan Tags: Television & radio Culture Vaccines and immunisation Health Society Race World news Slavery History of science Medical research Coronavirus Infectious diseases Source Type: news

COVID-19's Origins Need Further Investigation, Say Scientists
A letter signed by 18 researchers argues that hypotheses about zoonotic spillover or accidental lab release both "remain viable" in the absence of additional evidence. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - May 14, 2021 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Timing the SARS-CoV-2 index case in Hubei province
Understanding when severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged is critical to evaluating our current approach to monitoring novel zoonotic pathogens and understanding the failure of early containment and mitigation efforts for COVID-19. We used a coalescent framework to combine retrospective molecular clock inference with forward epidemiological simulations to determine how long SARS-CoV-2 could have circulated before the time of the most recent common ancestor of all sequenced SARS-CoV-2 genomes. Our results define the period between mid-October and mid-November 2019 as the plausible interval when...
Source: ScienceNOW - April 22, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Pekar, J., Worobey, M., Moshiri, N., Scheffler, K., Wertheim, J. O. Tags: Epidemiology, Evolution reports Source Type: news

Systematic review: comparison of the main variables of interest in publications of canine bite accidents in the written press, gray and scientific literature in Chile and Spain, between the years 2013 and 2017 - Barrios CL, Aguirre V, Parra A, Pavletic C, Bustos-L ópez C, Pérez S, Urrutia C, Ramirez J, Fatjó J.
Dog bites are a major public health problem, with consequences such as physical injury, psychological trauma, transmission of zoonoses, infections, and economic costs. For this reason, it is necessary to develop preventive programs, which require quality i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - April 5, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Ranking virus spillover risk
(University of California - Davis) SpillOver, a new web application developed by scientists at the University of California, Davis, and contributed to by experts from all over the world, ranks the risk of wildlife-to-human spillover for newly-discovered viruses. SpillOver, linked to a new study in PNAS, is the first open-source risk assessment tool that evaluates wildlife viruses to estimate their zoonotic spillover and pandemic potential. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

A diversity of wildlife is good for our health
(Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies) A growing body of evidence suggests that biodiversity loss increases our exposure to both new and established zoonotic pathogens. Restoring and protecting nature is essential to preventing future pandemics. So reports a new Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) paper that synthesizes current understanding about how biodiversity affects human health and provides recommendations for future research to guide management. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - April 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Factors that may predict next pandemic
(University of Sydney) New modelling identifies country-specific human and human-influenced environmental factors associated with disease outbreaks. A country's land area, human population density, and area of forest are associated with zoonotic diseases, like COVID-19. Human development index, average annual temperature, and health expenditure predict other kinds of disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Disease outbreaks more likely in deforestation areas, study finds
Tree-planting can also increase health risks if it focuses too narrowly on small number of species, paper saysOutbreaks of infectious diseases are more likely in areas of deforestation and monoculture plantations, according to a study that suggests epidemics are likely to increase as biodiversity declines.Land use change is a significant factor in the emergence of zoonotic viruses such as Covid-19 and vector-borne ailments such as malaria, saysthe paper, published on Wednesday in Frontiers in Veterinary Science.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 24, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Jonathan Watts Tags: Deforestation Trees and forests Biodiversity Environment Infectious diseases Science World news Source Type: news

Recurrent deletions in the SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein drive antibody escape
Zoonotic pandemics, such as that caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), can follow the spillover of animal viruses into highly susceptible human populations. The descendants of these viruses have adapted to the human host and evolved to evade immune pressure. Coronaviruses acquire substitutions more slowly than other RNA viruses. In the spike glycoprotein, we found that recurrent deletions overcome this slow substitution rate. Deletion variants arise in diverse genetic and geographic backgrounds, transmit efficiently, and are present in novel lineages, including those of current global conc...
Source: ScienceNOW - March 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: McCarthy, K. R., Rennick, L. J., Nambulli, S., Robinson-McCarthy, L. R., Bain, W. G., Haidar, G., Duprex, W. P. Tags: Virology reports Source Type: news

Legal wildlife trade needs monitoring to reduce risk of a new pandemic
(Oxford Brookes University) The illegal wildlife trade is often seen as one of the major gateways to zoonotic diseases, that spread from animals to humans. While the illegal trade in tigers, ivory, rhino horn, pangolins and primates is of paramount concern for public health, Professor Nijman says the legal wildlife trade should be of equal concern. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Agents of food-borne zoonoses confirmed to parasitise newly-recorded in Thailand snails
(Pensoft Publishers) Parasitic flatworms known as agents of food-borne zoonoses were confirmed to use several species of thiarid snails, commonly found in freshwater and brackish environments in southeast Asia, as their first intermediate host. These parasites can cause severe ocular infections in humans who consume raw or improperly cooked fish that have fed on parasitised snails. The study, conducted in South Thailand, is published in the peer-reviewed open-access journalZoosystematics and Evolution. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 26, 2021 Category: Biology Source Type: news

The adoption of the One Health approach to improve surveillance of venomous animal injury, vector-borne and zoonotic diseases in Foz do Igua çu, Brazil - Leandro AS, Lopes RD, Martins CA, Rivas AV, da Silva I, Galvão SR, Maciel-de-Freitas R.
Public health institutions with sectorized structure and low integration among field teams, old-fashioned practices such as paper-based storage system, and poorly qualified health agents have limited ability to conduct accurate surveillance and design effe... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 22, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Non-Human Animals and Insects Source Type: news

Broad and potent activity against SARS-like viruses by an engineered human monoclonal antibody
The recurrent zoonotic spillover of coronaviruses (CoVs) into the human population underscores the need for broadly active countermeasures. We employed a directed evolution approach to engineer three severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies for enhanced neutralization breadth and potency. One of the affinity-matured variants, ADG-2, displays strong binding activity to a large panel of sarbecovirus receptor binding domains and neutralizes representative epidemic sarbecoviruses with high potency. Structural and biochemical studies demonstrate that ADG-2 employs a distinct angle of approach to r...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 18, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Rappazzo, C. G., Tse, L. V., Kaku, C. I., Wrapp, D., Sakharkar, M., Huang, D., Deveau, L. M., Yockachonis, T. J., Herbert, A. S., Battles, M. B., OBrien, C. M., Brown, M. E., Geoghegan, J. C., Belk, J., Peng, L., Yang, L., Hou, Y., Scobey, T. D., Burton, Tags: Immunology, Microbiology r-articles Source Type: news

Strengthen ‘One Health approach’ to prevent future pandemics – WHO chief
The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates “intimate” linkages between the health of humans, animals and ecosystems, as zoonotic diseases spread between animals and people, the World Health Organization (WHO) chief said on Wednesday.  (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)
Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security - February 17, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Mosaic nanoparticles elicit cross-reactive immune responses to zoonotic coronaviruses in mice
Protection against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and SARS-related emergent zoonotic coronaviruses is urgently needed. We made homotypic nanoparticles displaying the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 or co-displaying SARS-CoV-2 RBD along with RBDs from animal betacoronaviruses that represent threats to humans (mosaic nanoparticles with four to eight distinct RBDs). Mice immunized with RBD nanoparticles, but not soluble antigen, elicited cross-reactive binding and neutralization responses. Mosaic RBD nanoparticles elicited antibodies with superior cross-reactive recognition of heterol...
Source: ScienceNOW - February 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Cohen, A. A., Gnanapragasam, P. N. P., Lee, Y. E., Hoffman, P. R., Ou, S., Kakutani, L. M., Keeffe, J. R., Wu, H.-J., Howarth, M., West, A. P., Barnes, C. O., Nussenzweig, M. C., Bjorkman, P. J. Tags: Immunology, Virology reports Source Type: news

Fighting zoonotic coronaviruses
(Source: ScienceNOW)
Source: ScienceNOW - February 11, 2021 Category: Science Authors: Vinson, V. Tags: Immunology, Virology twis Source Type: news

Nothing to Learn from East Asia?
By Jomo Kwame SundaramKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Jan 19 2021 (IPS) Covid-19 infection and death rates in the Western world and many developing countries in Asia and Latin America have long overtaken East Asia since the second quarter of 2020. Perhaps unsurprisingly, considering prevailing Western accounts of the Asian financial crises, there have been no serious efforts to draw policy lessons from East Asian contagion containment. Jomo Kwame SundaramLockdowns necessary? Although most East Asian economies have successfully contained the pandemic without nationwide ‘stay in shelter lockdowns’, many governments have...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - January 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jomo Kwame Sundaram Tags: Asia-Pacific Economy & Trade Financial Crisis Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Labour TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Epidemiology of dog bite incidents in Chile: factors related to the patterns of human-dog relationship - Barrios CL, Bustos-L ópez C, Pavletic C, Parra A, Vidal M, Bowen J, Fatjó J.
Dog bites are one of the main public health problems. They produce important consequences for those who suffer them (physical and psychological injuries, secondary infections, sequelae, risk of transmission of zoonoses and surgeries, among others). The o... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - January 11, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

An epidemiological study of the clinico-social profile of animal bite patients attending the anti-rabies clinic of a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi - Panda M, Kapoor R, Ramesh V.
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by the rabies virus (RABV). Annually about 59,000 persons die of rabies, of which 20,000 are from India alone. Rabies though 100% fatal is preventable with post-exposure prophylaxis which includes wound washi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - December 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

‘ We Might Have a Covid-21 or Covid-22 Coming Our Way ’
The World Health Organization (WHO) is working closely with global experts, governments and partners to rapidly expand scientific knowledge on this new virus, to track the spread and virulence of the virus, and to provide advice to countries and individuals on measures to protect health and prevent the spread of this outbreak. Credit: WHOBy Cristián SamperNEW YORK, Dec 23 2020 (IPS) Cristián Samper is working for the Wildlife Conservation Society, an organization that concerns itself with the health of wildlife all over the globe. And he warned –even before the Covid-19 pandemic – about the danger...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Cristian Samper Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Humanitarian Emergencies Peace Sustainability TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Fighting the menace of zoonoses
(Hokkaido University) Hokkaido University is pleased to announce the publication of 'Tackling Global Issues Vol. 3 FIGHTING THE MENACE OF ZOONOSES,' a magazine featuring the University's research on zoonotic and other infectious diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 23, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Preexisting and de novo humoral immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in humans
Zoonotic introduction of novel coronaviruses may encounter preexisting immunity in humans. Using diverse assays for antibodies recognizing SARS-CoV-2 proteins, we detected preexisting humoral immunity. SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein (S)–reactive antibodies were detectable using a flow cytometry–based method in SARS-CoV-2–uninfected individuals and were particularly prevalent in children and adolescents. They were predominantly of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) class and targeted the S2 subunit. By contrast, SARS-CoV-2 infection induced higher titers of SARS-CoV-2 S–reactive IgG antibodies targeting both ...
Source: ScienceNOW - December 10, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Ng, K. W., Faulkner, N., Cornish, G. H., Rosa, A., Harvey, R., Hussain, S., Ulferts, R., Earl, C., Wrobel, A. G., Benton, D. J., Roustan, C., Bolland, W., Thompson, R., Agua-Doce, A., Hobson, P., Heaney, J., Rickman, H., Paraskevopoulou, S., Houlihan, C. Tags: Immunology, Microbiology reports Source Type: news

Risks of invasive and alien predator species for health and ecology
(Goethe University Frankfurt) The raccoon, raccoon dog, mink and golden jackal are not native to Europe, but are increasingly spreading there. The joint research project ZOWIAC, 'Zoonotic and ecological effects on wildlife of invasive carnivores' by Goethe University and the Senckenberg Society for Nature Research will study how these invasive and alien species threaten biological diversity and which diseases they can transmit to humans and animals. The project is mainly funded by the German Federal Environmental Foundation. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Cutting UK overseas aid could harm the fight against future pandemics | Matthew Baylis and Fiona Tomley
In our age of emerging pathogens, funding for global research into zoonotic diseases such as Covid-19, Ebola and Sars is vitalCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageThis year, we ’ve seen how a previously unknown animal virus can spill over into the human population in one country, pass rapidly between people, and spread across the world in days. With nearly1.5m reported deaths from Covid-19, the virus is a startling indication of how the health of the world ’s human population is inseparable from animals and the environment that we share with them.Treating health in a way that recogn...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 2, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Matthew Baylis and Fiona Tomley Tags: Vaccines and immunisation Coronavirus Infectious diseases Microbiology Science Health World news Society Medical research Ebola Sars Aid UK news Source Type: news

Enhanced Zika virus susceptibility of globally invasive Aedes aegypti populations
The drivers and patterns of zoonotic virus emergence in the human population are poorly understood. The mosquito Aedes aegypti is a major arbovirus vector native to Africa that invaded most of the world’s tropical belt over the past four centuries, after the evolution of a "domestic" form that specialized in biting humans and breeding in water storage containers. Here, we show that human specialization and subsequent spread of A. aegypti out of Africa were accompanied by an increase in its intrinsic ability to acquire and transmit the emerging human pathogen Zika virus. Thus, the recent evolution and global...
Source: ScienceNOW - November 19, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Aubry, F., Dabo, S., Manet, C., Filipovic, I., Rose, N. H., Miot, E. F., Martynow, D., Baidaliuk, A., Merkling, S. H., Dickson, L. B., Crist, A. B., Anyango, V. O., Romero-Vivas, C. M., Vega-Rua, A., Dusfour, I., Jiolle, D., Paupy, C., Mayanja, M. N., Lut Tags: Microbiology reports Source Type: news

The Covid-carrying Danish mink are a warning sign – but is anyone heeding it? | Matthew Baylis
Sars, Mers, now this: we must think hard about how we farm animals that are known hosts of human coronavirusesTwo decades ago, aseminal study from the University of Edinburgh compiled a list of all known human infectious diseases. It found a total of 1,415 different human pathogens, and claimed that 61% were capable of spreading between humans and animals. Today, with the world put on hold by adeadly disease that seems likely to have spread first from bats to humans, we know the dangerous effects of such pathogens all too well.The group of diseases that spread from animals to humans are collectively known as zoonoses. The ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 10, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Matthew Baylis Tags: Coronavirus Farming Environment Science Sars Infectious diseases Denmark Europe Source Type: news

The Covid Pandemic: Broadening the Discourse
Thailand’s COVID-19 response an example of resilience and solidarity: a UN Resident Coordinator’s BlogBy Asoka BandarageCOLOMBO, Sri Lanka, Nov 10 2020 (IPS) SARS-CoV-2, the corona virus that causes COVID-19, has been spreading exponentially across the world over the last ten or so months. As of November 6th, according to the Center for Systems Science at Johns Hopkins University, there have been 49,195,581 cases of COVID-19, including 1,241,031 deaths. More than a third of the global population has been placed on lockdown. The global economy is experiencing the deepest global recession since World War 2 and m...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - November 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asoka Bandarage Tags: Featured Global Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Peace TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news

Escaping the ‘ Era of Pandemics ’ : experts warn worse crises to come; offer options to reduce risk
By External SourceOct 29 2020 (IPS-Partners) Future pandemics will emerge more often, spread more rapidly, do more damage to the world economy and kill more people than COVID-19 unless there is a transformative change in the global approach to dealing with infectious diseases, warns a major new report on biodiversity and pandemics by 22 leading experts from around the world. Convened by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) for an urgent virtual workshop about the links between degradation of nature and increasing pandemic risks, the experts agree that escaping the er...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: External Source Tags: Biodiversity Environment Health Humanitarian Emergencies Source Type: news

Are bushmeat hunters aware of zoonotic disease? Yes, but that's not the issue
(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) A recent paper published in the journal PLOS ONE, outlines how researchers with the University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine and Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries, measured the attitudes, practices and zoonoses awareness among community members associated with the bushmeat trade in northern Uganda. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Tufts University to lead $100M program to reduce risk of zoonotic viral spillover, spread
(Tufts University) Tufts University will lead a $100 million, five-year multi-institution program to understand and address threats posed by zoonotic viral diseases that can " spill over " from animals to humans, such as SARS-CoV-2, in an effort to reduce risk of infection, amplification, and spread, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) announced today. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

'Why wait for it?' How to predict a pandemic
Strides are being made towards an open access atlas that could predict where dangerous animal-borne viruses will next appearHow do you predict where a deadly tropical disease such as Ebola, possibly the most virulent in the world, will appear next? Since it first emerged in a small town on the edge of a Congolese forest, it has broken out in seven other African countries, often thousands of miles apart.Sometimes it has spilled out of remote rainforest and then disappeared for years. Other times it has turned up in cities, baffling world bodies and governments that can only try to respond as fast as possible. But actually, ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - September 16, 2020 Category: Science Authors: John Vidal Tags: Infectious diseases Ebola Zika virus Coronavirus outbreak Microbiology Medical research Science World news Animals Farming Environment Climate change Source Type: news

A cross sectional study to assess the knowledge and response to dog bite among the urban and rural population of Hubballi taluk - Godbole M, Joshi AR, Bant DD.
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a fatal zoonotic disease of the central nervous system, most commonly caused by the bite of rabid dogs. Globally canine rabies causes 59,000 human deaths, over 3.7 million DALYs and 8.6 billion USD economic losses annually. These loss... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Epidemiological profile of animal bite patients attending emergency department at a tertiary care health facility in a northern hilly Indian city - Kumar S, Gupta A, Sachdeva A, Chaudhary A, Chamotra S.
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a highly infectious zoonotic disease with a high case fatality rate. In India, approximately 20,000 deaths among 17.4 million exposed people occur every year. The data on animal bites is scarce and unreliable due to poor surveillance ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

More Covid-19-like viruses to come, warns Oxford professor
Sarah Gilbert, the lead expert behind Oxford University's Covid vaccine, said modern lifestyles, intense farming and deforestation drove up the risk of outbreaks of zoonotic infections. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 31, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Using surveillance of animal bite patients to decipher potential risks of rabies exposure from domestic animals and wildlife in Brazil - Benavides JA, Megid J, Campos A, Hampson K.
Direct contact with domestic animals and wildlife is linked to zoonotic spillover risk. Patients presenting with animal-bite injuries provide a potentially valuable source of surveillance data on rabies viruses that are transmitted primarily by animal bite... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Rise in Babesiosis Cases, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005-2018 Rise in Babesiosis Cases, Pennsylvania, USA, 2005-2018
In light of the emergence of babesiosis in the state of Pennsylvania, clinicians should be aware of the signs and symptoms of this zoonotic disease.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines - August 12, 2020 Category: Pathology Tags: Infectious Diseases Journal Article Source Type: news

Disrupted Habitats Have More Zoonotic Disease Hosts: Study
Animals that can host pathogens dangerous to humans, such as rodents, birds, and bats, are proportionately more common in human-occupied spaces than in remote areas. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - August 6, 2020 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news