Mental Health Promotion and Disease Prevention: It ’s About Time

Over the past decade, our field has observed rapidly rising rates of mental illness in children and adolescents. The numbers are sobering. Nearly 50% of teens 13 to 18 years of age meet DSM criteria for at least 1 disorder and 27.6% meet criteria for a “severe disorder.”1 Adverse childhood experiences affect more than 50% of children and predispose these individuals to not only academic and behavioral problems throughout their youth, but also future physical disability, such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, as adults.2 By 14 years of ag e, accidents, suicide, and homicide assert themselves as the leading causes of death among our youth, accounting for more than 85% of the mortality among teens and young adults and holding fast to that ranking until 35 years of age.3 Most addictive behavior starts in adolescence, accounting for the 3 greatest causes of preventable death—smoking, obesity, and alcohol abuse—that take the lives of approximately 1 million adults in the United States annually.4 In addition, if there were ever a statistic to be held on the tip of every psychiatrist’s tongue, it would be that 50% of all mental illnesses begin by 14 years of age and 75% begin by 24 years.5
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

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I’ve struggled with professional identity from time to time, but after completing my PhD thesis looking at how people live well with pain, I’ve developed a new understanding of how occupational therapists add value in this area of practice. Occupational therapists joke that “no-one knows what an occupational therapist does” – and sadly, that’s true. It’s not because what we do isn’t important, it’s because our view of people and the way we work with people differs from most health professions. Occupational therapists don’t treat disease per se, we work with peo...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Chronic pain Occupational therapy Professional topics Resilience Science in practice Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to evaluate patients' satisfaction with their interactions with PIC staff and whether sociodemographic factors, depression and anxiety symptoms were associated with their perceptions of these interactions. In this cross-sectional study, we collected data from 84 patients receiving inpatient care in three psychiatric settings in Sweden. The patients' perceptions of interactions with staff and self-reported degrees of depression and anxiety were evaluated through questionnaires. Overall, patients were satisfied with the patient-staff interaction. However, significantly higher scores were related to staffs' p...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Authors: Kato M, Sugimoto A, Atsumi T Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), also referred to as group 1 pulmonary hypertension, occurs either primarily or in association with other diseases such as connective tissue diseases (CTD). Of CTD, systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease are commonly accompanied with PAH. It is of note that SSc-PAH is associated with distinctive histopathology, an unfavorable outcome, and a blunted responsiveness to modern PAH therapies. AREAS COVERED: The data in articles published until May 2020 in peer-reviewe...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Abstract Polycarboxylate polymers have been common components of consumer and institutional cleaning products for decades. With interest heightened in the potential environmental impact of polymers, the American Cleaning Institute, the industry trade association of the cleaning products industry in the United States, is reassessing the state of the science regarding the environmental safety of polymers in cleaning products. In this case study, acrylic acid homopolymers and acrylic acid-maleic acid copolymers are evaluated using historical ecotoxicity data that have been reported over the past three decades. The ev...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Authors: Liu G, Zhou Q, Lin H, Li N, Ye H, Wang J Abstract Biallelic variants in the transmembrane O-mannosyltransferase targeting cadherins 3 (TMTC3) gene have been reported to cause two distinct types of neuron migration defect diseases, known as cobblestone lissencephaly (COB) and periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH), combined with intellectual disability and nocturnal seizures. The aim of the current study was to identify the genetic cause of a 22-month-old Chinese boy who presented with white matter plaques, a small frontal lobe, myelin dysplasia, microcephaly, psychomotor delay, language development del...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
We report here that viable cells can be harvested from surgically removed, herniated disc tissue and can be potentially used in cell based therapy. Further, we have successfully replaced xenogenic supplements such as foetal bovine serum with either autologous serum or human platelet lysate for culturing IVD cells from patient's surgically removed disc tissue, without loss of any cell characteristics, including cell surface markers, growth factor secretion in the conditioned medium and osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation potential in vitro. The present work will not only contribute to overcoming some of the major ba...
Source: Journal of Biosciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: J Biosci Source Type: research
The objective was to identify the macro- and microangiopathy variables predictive of amputation of the lower extremities (LE) in DT2 patients among.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Patients presenting type 2 diabetes appear paradoxically protected from the appearance and the evolution of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Immune cells take an active part in the weakening of the aortic wall of AAAs, with an important role of the macrophages. Their pro or anti-inflammatory phenotype is partly determined by the cellular metabolism. We hypothesized that diabetes could influence the metabolic phenotype of the macrophages, and thus explain the protective role of diabetes in AAAs.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Is there a place for novel antidiabetics in the therapeutic management of this underappreciated "enemy"? Clin Mol Hepatol. 2020 Sep 25;: Authors: Patoulias D, Doumas M PMID: 32971587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Choi JH, Sohn W, Cho YK Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined by fat accumulation in liver that is not caused by excessive alcohol consumption. Safe limits of alcohol consumption in NAFLD are usually defined as alcohol consumption of less than 210 g per week for men and 140 g per week for women (30 g/day in men, 20 g/day in women) and alcohol consumption below safe limits is generally regarded as moderate alcohol consumption. Many studies have investigated the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on NAFLD patients. Some studies showed that moderate alcohol consumption prevented th...
Source: Clinical and molecular hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Clin Mol Hepatol Source Type: research
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