Efficacy and Safety of Lisdexamfetamine in Preschool Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
To evaluate the acute efficacy, safety, and tolerability of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) versus placebo (PBO) in preschool-aged children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 12, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ann C. Childress, Eric Lloyd, Leslie K. Jacobsen, Lhanoo Gunawardhana, Steven A. Johnson, Robert L. Findling Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Psychosocial Treatments for Disruptive Behavior Symptoms and Disorders in Adolescence
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) represent a common motive for referral among youths. This meta-analysis aimed at estimating the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for DBD adolescents. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 8, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tommaso Boldrini, Viola Ghiandoni, Elisa Mancinelli, Silvia Salcuni, Marco Solmi Tags: Meta-analysis Source Type: research

Correction
In the article “Micronutrients for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Youths: A Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial,” by Johnstone et al., published in the May 2022 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2022;61:647-661), Table 4 and Table S4 containe d an error in the denominator and was missing N values. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 6, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Social Determinants of Health, Structural Racism, and the Impact on Child and Adolescent Mental Health
In recent years, there has been a greater emphasis on examining the factors, particularly the social factors, that affect health outcomes and contribute to population health inequities. The social determinants of health, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), are “the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and develop, and the wider set of forces, including economic policies, social norms, and political systems, that shape the conditions of daily life and impact health outcomes.”1 The social determinants of mental health (SDoMH) are simil ar, but include the added societal stigma associated ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 5, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nicole King Cotton, Ruth S. Shim Tags: Best of Connect Source Type: research

Getting Real-er
Dilemmas of diagnostic heterogeneity in psychiatric disorders occur at many levels. Symptoms themselves and the experience of distress with symptoms may differ in nature. Put plainly, one child ’s sadness is not the same as another’s, and the degree to which that young person finds their sadness distressing or impairing may differ from that of their peers. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 2, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craigan Usher Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

JAACAP 2022 Book Forum: Getting Real-er
Dilemmas of diagnostic heterogeneity in psychiatric disorders occur at many levels. Symptoms themselves and the experience of distress with symptoms may differ in nature. Put plainly, one child ’s sadness is not the same as another’s and the degree to which that young person finds their sadness distressing or impairing may differ from their peers. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 2, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craigan Usher, Sarah L. Karalunas Source Type: research

Preschool depression and hippocampal volume: The moderating role of family income
Depression and low socioeconomic status have both been associated with hippocampal volume alterations. Whether these factors interact to predict neurobehavioral outcomes has not been adequately studied. The authors investigated family income as a moderator of the relationship between depression and hippocampal volume in a longitudinal sample. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 2, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Max P. Herzberg, Rebecca Tillman, Sridhar Kandala, Deanna M. Barch, Joan Luby Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis: relapse prevention strategies for depression and anxiety in remitted adolescents and young adults
Depression and anxiety cause a high burden of disease and have high relapse rates (39-72%). In this meta-analysis, we systematically examined effectiveness of relapse prevention strategies on risk of and time to relapse in youth who remitted. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 1, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Suzanne J. Robberegt, Marlies E. Brouwer, Bas E.A.M. Kooiman, Yvonne A.J. Stikkelbroek, Maaike H. Nauta, Claudi L.H. Bockting Tags: Meta-analysis Source Type: research

Racial Discrimination Experienced by Black Parents: Enduring Mental Health Consequences for Adolescent Youth
Despite evidence linking Black parents ’ experiences of racial discrimination and youth problem behaviors, little is known about the mechanisms that explain this link. To elucidate these developmental pathways, we tested a serial mediation model in which Black parents’ experiences of racial discrimination were hypothesized to predict increased parental depression and parent-child conflict in early adolescence, which in turn would be associated with youth depression, anxiety, and conduct problems in early-to-mid-adolescence. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 1, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chard ée A. Galán, Jocelyn I. Meza, Ty A. Ridenour, Daniel S. Shaw Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Ethical Considerations in Balancing Use of Seclusion and Restraint With Risk of COVID-19 Exposure: Recommendations for Youth Inpatient Psychiatry Units
The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic has presented unique challenges for inpatient psychiatry units (IPUs). IPUs, especially those caring for children and adolescents, rely heavily on milieu group programming to provide care and supervision for patients and have had to adapt unit policies and procedures to maintain a therapeutic milieu while minimizing COVID-19 transmission.1 Simultaneously providing care while preventing transmission of COVID-19 within IPUs is a formidable task, and many IPUs face the additional challenge of treating youth who have been exposed to, or are actively infected with, COVID-19. (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 1, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alysha D. Thompson, Emily R. Berkman, Shannon Simmons, Kathryn M. Porter, Leah Kroon, Rand Goldman, Ravi S. Ramasamy Tags: Clinical Perspectives Source Type: research

Systematic Review: The Association Between Race-Related Stress and Trauma and Emotion Dysregulation in Youth of Color
This systematic review aims to summarize the current state of knowledge on the relations between race-related stress and trauma (RST) and emotion dysregulation, synthesize empirical research examining these associations in youth of color (YOC), and discuss clinical implications. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 28, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Erika L. Roach, Stephanie L. Haft, Jingtong Huang, Qing Zhou Tags: Review Source Type: research

Development of Proactive Control and Anxiety Among Behaviorally Inhibited Adolescents
Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an infant temperament characterized by heightened reactivity and negative affect in response to novel people and situations. BI is among the earliest and strongest predictors of future anxiety problems. However, not all children with a history of BI will manifest anxiety problems. A growing body of evidence suggests that proactive control skills may help buffer youth with BI from future anxiety difficulties; yet, it remains unclear how temperament may interact with the development of cognitive control to influence anxiety risk. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 27, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emilio A. Valadez, Santiago Morales, George A. Buzzell, Sonya V. Troller-Renfree, Heather A. Henderson, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox Tags: New Research Source Type: research

National Trends and Disparities in Bullying and Suicidal Behavior Across Demographic Subgroups of US Adolescents
This study aimed to estimate trends and disparities in these factors along key demographics. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Noah T. Kreski, Qixuan Chen, Mark Olfson, Magdalena Cerd á, Silvia S. Martins, Pia M. Mauro, Deborah S. Hasin, Katherine M. Keyes Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Racial Battle Fatigue: The Toll of Policing Black Students
The current pediatric mental health crisis, recently named by AACAP and AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics)1, is inextricably linked to school-based policies and practices. Fueled by public fears of crime and violence, “tough on crime” approaches took root in the US during the 1980s, when school systems became an extension of a national-scale punitive apparatus. Punitive policies (e.g., zero-tolerance policies) became a reflex response to disruptive behaviors at school, and police presence within schools incre ased. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 26, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J. Corey Williams, Ashley Andreou, Tricia Lemelle, Erica E. Coates, Jeff Q. Bostic Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - April 25, 2022 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research