What There Is to Go on
We often meet young people at their existential nadir —families in crisis. Many questions abound. Whether due to a manic episode and the storm that entails, following a suicide attempt, or in the throes of psychosis, in crisis, people turn to us. What we offer, whether to prevent such moments—or worse—from occurring again is of life and death imp ortance. Consider, for example, the prospective observational analysis by Schoenbaum et al.2 of commercially insured young people (age 16–30) who had a first episode psychosis (FEP). This analysis found that in the year following FEP, mortality rates i...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craigan Usher Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Parents Are Not Alright: A Call for Caregiver Mental Health Screening During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Nearly a year into the pandemic, conversations about the impact of COVID-19 on children and families have shifted. Initial advice for parents stressed topics such as how to talk about the pandemic with children or cope with illness-related distress. They now focus on youth adjustment to a heavily disrupted school year and on strategies for building long-term resilience. Although these conversations often center on youth adjustment, they have —at last – started to consider the wellbeing of parents (and other caregivers) as well. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tara S. Peris, Jill Ehrenreich-May Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Methylomic Investigation of Problematic Adolescent Cannabis Use and Its Negative Mental Health Consequences
The impact of adolescent cannabis use is a pressing public health question due to the high rates of use and links to negative outcomes. Here we consider the association between problematic adolescent cannabis use and methylation. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shaunna L. Clark, Robin Chan, Min Zhao, Lin Y. Xie, William E. Copeland, Karolina A. Aberg, Edwin J.C.G. van den Oord Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Depths, Magic, and Villainy: A Young Adult Fantasy Lit Tour
Whether you are in a galaxy far, far away, occupying a world with magic and sorcery, or at the very deepest point of the ocean, some things remain the same. Good and evil battle for dominance. Humans (and other creatures) seek love, fulfillment. There are obstacles and, eventually, there is triumph. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amy Lynn Meadows, Craigan Usher, Casey Berson, Garrett Sparks Source Type: research

April 2021 JAACAP Book Forum: “Be T(h)ere Now and Then”
Be T(h)ere Now and Then (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica Thai, Steven Sust, Mang-tak Kwok, Reid Bowes, Craigan Usher Source Type: research

Child and Adolescent Psychiatrists ’ Perceptions of Utility and Self-rated Knowledge of Genetic Testing Predict Usage for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with numerous genetic syndromes.1 Practice guidelines from various medical specialties such as AACAP, the American College of Medical Genetics, American Neurological Association, and the American Academy of Pediatrics indicate that genetic testing should be part of the evaluation for ASD.1-4 Studies have shown, however, that many patients do not receive indicated genetic testing; reported rates of testing vary widely, from as low as 1.5% to 60% of patients receiving genetic testing as part of the evaluation for ASD. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Takahiro Soda, Stacey Pereira, Brent J. Small, Laura N. Torgerson, Katrina A. Mu ñoz, Jehannine Austin, Eric A. Storch, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial: The Distinction Between Phasic and Tonic Irritability: Moving From Concept to Proof
In child and adolescent psychiatry, irritability is listed as a cardinal or associated symptom in nearly every emotional, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental disorder in the DSM-5. Despite the omnipresence of irritability in distinct psychiatric disorders, its manifestation is highly heterogeneous, across and within individuals. Part of that heterogeneity has to do with its temporal dynamics. Specifically, irritability has been conceptualized as having two components, termed phasic and tonic irritability. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pablo Vidal-Ribas Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Research Will Help Prepare America for the Rollout of Its New Crisis Hotline
In Mathieu and colleagues1 recent systematic review, The State of Research into Youth Hotlines, the authors present important research insights about young people who call hotlines, why they call them, the types of services callers receive, and the quality of this care. While important on its own, it is particularly timely for American practitioners and policymakers. In December 2020, US President Donald J. Trump signed the National Suicide Designation Act of 2020 into law, designating 9-8-8 as the universal telephone number for accessing the national suicide prevention and mental health crisis hotline. (Source: Journal of...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rajeev Ramchand Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: The Cognitive Neuropsychological Hypothesis in Pediatric Anxiety and the Advantage of Revealing Early Changes in Brain Mechanisms Associated With Therapeutic Effects
There is a pressing need to improve treatment, and clinical trials should not only focus on efficacy, but also on identifying the underlying mechanisms through which treatments operate.1 Treatment with a serotonergic antidepressant is commonly used to treat pediatric anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Serotonergic antidepressants require considerable time to induce clinically observed responses, and tolerability and efficacy is difficult to predict. Risk and precautions have been widely discussed and are weighed against urgent needs for interventions early in life that may prevent recurrent me...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rune Jonassen Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Patterns of Youth Inpatient Psychiatric Admissions Before and After the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic
To slow the spread of SARS-CoV-2, the virus causing coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), many state authorities enforced extreme social distancing measures, such as closing schools, implementing online instruction, canceling major events, and limiting social contact outside families. Such measures have promoted safety but also have severely disrupted the lives of children of all ages. Many youth have missed seminal milestones, have struggled with the challenges of virtual schooling, and have isolated at home with their families, which has eroded opportunities for peer social support, relaxation, and enjoyment. (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ana M. Ugueto, Cristian P. Zeni Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Psychological Treatment of Subthreshold Depression in Children and Adolescents: A Meta-analytic Review
Subthreshold depression has been found to be associated with considerable impairment and an increased risk of developing major depression. Although several randomized trials have examined the effects of psychological interventions for subthreshold depression in children and adolescents, no meta-analysis has integrated the results of these trials. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pim Cuijpers, Blanca S. Pineda, Mei Yi Ng, John R. Weisz, Ricardo F. Mu ñoz, Claudio Gentili, Soledad Query, Eirini Karyotaki Source Type: research

A Developmental Pathway From Early Behavioral Inhibition to Young Adults ’ Anxiety During the COVID-19 Pandemic
We examined a developmental pathway from behavioral inhibition (BI), a temperament char acterized by fearful responses towards novelty, to changes in young adults’ anxiety during the initial period of the pandemic. We hypothesized that a stable pattern of BI across early childhood would predict greater adolescent worry dysregulation, which in turn would predict increases in young adu lt anxiety during a stressful phase of the pandemic. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 11, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Selin Zeytinoglu, Santiago Morales, Nicole E. Lorenzo, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, Kathryn A. Degnan, Alisa N. Almas, Heather Henderson, Daniel S. Pine, Nathan A. Fox Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Learning From the Pandemic: “Building Back Better” Through Research on Risk and Resilience With Diverse Populations
The COVID-19 pandemic is responsible for more than 2 million deaths and unprecedented disruption in the daily lives of people in communities worldwide. Efforts to slow viral transmission, including quarantine and school closures, have introduced profound changes in children ’s lives. Decreased opportunities for social interaction and physical activity, reduced instruction time affecting academic progress, changing nutritional habits and soaring rates of hunger, and increasing digital media use are just several of the myriad ways in which young people’s lives have b een altered. For parents and other adults in c...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthew G. Biel, Olivia Hamrah Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Learning From the Pandemic: ‘Building Back Better’ Through Research on Risk and Resilience With Diverse Populations
The COVID-19 pandemic is responsible for over 2 million deaths and unprecedented disruption in the daily lives of people in communities worldwide. Efforts to slow viral transmission including quarantine and school closures have introduced profound changes in children ’s lives. Decreased opportunities for social interaction and physical activity, reduced instruction time impacting academic progress, changing nutritional habits and soaring rates of hunger, and increasing digital media use are just several of the myriad ways in which young people’s lives have b een altered. (Source: Journal of the American Academy...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthew G. Biel, Olivia Hamrah Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Correction
In the article “Emotional Expressivity in Toddlers With Autism Spectrum Disorder” by Suzanne Macari, Lauren DiNicola, Finola Kane-Grade, et al., published in the November 2018 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2018;57:828-836), an ethics statement confirming inst itutional review board approval and patient consent was provided in the authors’ original submission cover letter, but not included in the article itself upon publication. The following statement should have appeared in the article: “All research activities described in the article meet st...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Review: Identification and Management of Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders as a Transdiagnostic Feature in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
CRDs are prevalent in child and adolescent populations, including in children with neurodevelopmental disorders such as ADHD, mood disorders and ASD, and impact on daily functioning including attention, working memory, mood and externalizing behaviors. For the diagnosis, assessment and prevention of CRDs, questionnaires and subjective instruments are important but may be augmented by objective measures via actigraphy devices or biological measures such as DLMO. The impact of social and school schedules, modern media and lighting sources in concert with a trend for children to spend less time outside (reduced sunlight expos...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Martijn Arns, J.J. Sandra Kooij, Andrew N. Coogan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Acute Neurofunctional Effects of Escitalopram in Pediatric Anxiety: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial
We examined the impact of SSRI on functional connectivity (FC) within this circuit, and whether early FC changes predict treatment response in adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lu Lu, Jeffrey A. Mills, Hailong Li, Heidi K. Schroeder, Sarah A. Mossman, Sara T. Varney, Kim M. Cecil, Xiaoqi Huang, Qiyong Gong, Laura B. Ramsey, Melissa P. DelBello, John A. Sweeney, Jeffrey R. Strawn Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Systematic Review: How the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Polygenic Risk Score Adds to Our Understanding of ADHD and Associated Traits
To investigate, by systematically reviewing the literature, if the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ADHD polygenic risk score (PRS) associates with ADHD and related traits in independent clinical and population samples. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 3, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Angelica Ronald, Nora de Bode, Tinca J.C. Polderman Tags: Review Source Type: research

Editorial: The Centrality of Both Hyper- and Hypo-Thalamocortical Connectivity in Psychosis
Long-standing hypotheses about schizophrenia as a “dysconnection” syndrome are consistent with the idea that mental illness arises in part from brain circuit disruptions, with impairments in cognition and behavior occurring because of a failure of coordinated action across multiple brain regions. One such theory, put forth by Andreasen and coll eagues, suggested that schizophrenia involves a disruption in the integration of cortical-striatal-thalamic-cerebellar circuits.1 Anatomical work in primates has shown that the thalamus is topographically organized into parallel pathways connecting specific thalamic nucl...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Deanna M. Barch Tags: Editor's Note Source Type: research

Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Suicidal Self-Harming Youths: Emotion Regulation, Mechanisms, and Mediators
This study evaluated mechanisms, mediation, and secondary/exploratory outcomes in our randomized controlled trial evaluating Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) compared to Individual and Group Supportive Therapy (IGST), expanding on previously reported results indicating a DBT advantage at post-treatment on planned suicide/self-harm outcomes, and greater self-harm remission (absence of self-harm, post-hoc exploratory outcome) during active-treatment and follow-up periods. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Michele Berk, Jamie Bedics, Molly Adrian, Robert Gallop, Judith Cohen, Kathryn Korslund, Jennifer Hughes, Claudia Avina, Marsha Linehan, Elizabeth McCauley Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Addressing “The Cliff” for Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder
Parents of young children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) desperately search for a cure for their child ’s disorder. Depending on their child’s severity or lack of progress parents shift from looking for a cure to finding arrangements where their child can live a fulfilling life as an adult when they are less involved and less able to help. Sadly, they too often find that the resources they have f ought for their children to receive disappear when their youngsters leave school. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robert L. Hendren Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Corrigendum
In the 2020 Scientific Proceedings supplement to JAACAP, New Research Poster 42.5, “Developing a Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Training Series to Address Educational Gaps in Substance Use Disorder Care and Treatment” (2020;59:S224), the NIDA-AACAP Resident Training Award in Substance Use Disorders, supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), was listed incorrec tly for Gaurav Vishnoi, MD. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

---
Our field has not been graced with a book dedicated to pediatric mood disorders since the 2012 publication of Anxiety and Depression in Children and Adolescents, which also addressed anxiety disorders.1 One might be daunted by this new 500-page tome; however, we found this text to be engagingly readable and in-depth. Ultimately, it was a surprisingly quick read, full of memorable information we could apply clinically. Despite its length, the book is neither physically heavy nor cognitively cumbersome. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Larrilyn Grant, Leslie Hulvershorn Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

---
Should one read about a hurricane at the moment the eye is passing over head? Asked to review Apollo ’s Arrow: The Profound and Enduring Impact of Coronavirus on the Way We Live by Nicholas Christakis during this pandemic, my answer was obviously and rewardingly “yes.” First a bit of nomenclature: the name of the virus causing this pandemic is severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 o r SARS-CoV-2. The condition SARS-CoV-2 causes is 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ajit N. Jetmalani Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Intervening Early in Psychosis. Edited by Kate V. Hardy, Jacob S. Ballon, Douglas L. Noordsy, Steven Adelsheim. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Publishing; 2019.
“A mystery,” “a sentence,” “a loss.” These are but a few words families use to describe the experience of having a loved one diagnosed with schizophrenia. In the book Intervening Early in Psychosis: A Team Approach, the authors seek to create a narrative for our work with patients that i nstead includes a refreshing degree of optimism. In this comprehensive review of first episode psychosis (FEP), the reader is taken on an evidenced-based journey from diagnosis through treatment. The early chapters present a detailed approach for setting up the clinical interview, even offering sugg esti...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: GenaLynne C. Mooneyham, Adare Yanagihara Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Intervening Early in Psychosis. Edited by Kate V. Hardy, Jacob S. Ballon, Douglas L. Noordsy, and Steven Adelsheim. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association Publishing; 2019.
“A mystery,” “a sentence,” “a loss.” These are but a few words families use to describe the experience of having a loved one diagnosed with schizophrenia. In the book Intervening Early in Psychosis: A Team Approach, the authors seek to create a narrative for our work with patients that i nstead includes a refreshing degree of optimism. In this comprehensive review of first episode psychosis (FEP), the reader is taken on an evidenced-based journey from diagnosis through treatment. The early chapters present a detailed approach for setting up the clinical interview, even offering sugg esti...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 27, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: GenaLynne C. Mooneyham, Adare Yanagihara Source Type: research

Mental Disorders Among Detained Youth: The Hidden Nature and Peculiarities of African Literature
Beaudry et  al.1 published the results of a global systematic review of studies that have assessed prevalence rates of common mental disorders (CMD) among detained adolescents. The eligibility criteria were as follows: studies conducted in a general population of detained adolescents (10−19 years of age); s tudies that assessed prevalence rates of any of current depression, psychotic disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or lifetime conduct disorder; studies with diagnoses made using clinical examination or semi-structured diagnostic instrumen ts; and s...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Olayinka Atilola Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Ms. Beaudry et  al. Reply
We thank Atilola et  al.1 for their thoughtful letter in response to our systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of mental health problems among adolescents in juvenile detention and correctional facilities. We agree with Dr. Atilola that search strategies for systematic reviews should specifically look for low- and middle-income countries. In our systematic review, we used the bibliographic index Global Health to address this. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gabrielle Beaudry, Rongqin Yu, Niklas L ångström, Seena Fazel Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Barbara Geller, MD (1939 –2020)
Barbara Geller, MD, was born on April 21, 1939, and passed away on May 8, 2020, in St. Louis, Missouri at the age of 81 after a brief illness. She was widely known to members of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the broader field of child and adolescent psychiatry for her rigorous body of work on childhood mood disorders and more specifically for her pioneering work in the description and validation of prepubertal bipolar disorder. She was a prolific investigator, mentor, teacher, and clinician. When she chose to retire in 2009, she was at the height of her academic career. (Source: Journal of the...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joan L. Luby Tags: In memoriam Source Type: research

Intersections at the Border
This month ’s Book Forum is especially relevant to current times. Understanding the themes raised in these reviews is essential to appreciating the significance of multiple political, ethical, and legal issues facing the United States today. Racism, misogyny and sexism, xenophobia—these are the sentiments underlying many of the news stories broadcast at dinner time in America. It is a wonder we can eat. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julie A. Chilton Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

---
As a child and adolescent psychiatry fellow and mother of a 9-month-old, one can imagine why the title Being There: Why Prioritizing Motherhood in the First Three Years Matters would catch my attention. I came across the book by Erica Komisar, an LCSW and psychoanalyst, while reading an article she wrote in the Wall Street Journal. A quick internet search touted this book as a “must read” for new mothers, with glowing endorsements by MDs, PhDs, and, of course, Amazon reviewers. I was also interested to read a book I assumed many caregivers would read, given that it had been featured on Good Morning America, Fox...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Danielle Sipsock, Kelly Krcmarik Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

---
As a community child and adolescent psychiatrist and humanitarian child protection adviser, I have worked with youth who have been through any number of traumatic experiences: armed conflict, war, migration, separation from their families, and marginalization by the structural violence of poverty. It is common for youth in these circumstances to experience the violent loss of a loved one, be it parent, sibling, or another significant caregiver. In the case of sibling death, attention may be focused on the parents, as adults may feel more comfortable expressing emotion outwardly and helping each other through one of the wor...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Suzan J. Song Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

---
The history of our field, indeed, the history of childhood and child development, can be told in 2 ways: through people or through fields of study. Thus, Binet and later Gesell showed that development, cognitive and overall, could be assessed systematically. Sigmund and Anna Freud recognized the role of the unconscious and of instinctual development. Benedict and Mead and later Erikson showed how culture shapes childhood. Kanner described children whose differences had always been known to parents, but never recognized by professionals. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gordon Harper Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial: A Review of Sluggish Cognitive Tempo Measures That Will Benefit Researchers and Clinicians
Over the past few decades, research on sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) has grown at an exponential rate, with the number of published studies mentioning SCT doubling between 1985 and 2000, doubling again between 2000 and 2010, and doubling again between 2010 and 2014.1 As Dr. Becker2 described in the review published in this issue, ad hoc measurement of SCT hindered early research, but this began to change in 2009 with the publication of the first rating scale specifically designed to measure SCT and developed using empirically supported principles. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Daniel A. Waschbusch Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: The Hidden Costs of Being A Black Student
Ideally, schools are learning environments which promote intellectual growth, while nurturing healthy social and emotional development. Schools are also a microcosm of the bigger world in which students live, mirroring the best and worst of our society, including the debility of systemic racism. One way this inequity is perpetuated within schools is through exclusionary discipline practices, and the disproportionate impact these practices have on Black and multiracial Black children, as well as single-parent families. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 20, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kristine Goins, Emily Aron, Simon Chamakalayil, Jeff Q. Bostic Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Ethics of Predicting Autism Spectrum Disorder in Infancy
Towards the end of a routine check-in appointment with your young patient —a 3 y/o boy recently diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)—his mother shares concerns about his infant sister, currently 6 months old. The mother is aware that her daughter is at increased risk for ASD. She requests an MRI scan of her infant’s brain, based upon research she has read s howing that MRI can be used to predict which infants will go on to develop ASD. The mother communicates that she is eager to know whether her daughter is going to develop autism so that she and her husband can prepare financially, and so she c...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 19, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Katherine E. MacDuffie, Annette M. Estes, Holly L. Peay, John R. Pruett, Benjamin S. Wilfond Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Editorial: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Mental Health Assessment Should Include Objective Assessments of Neurocognition
There has been much discussion over the past few years about the potential benefits of supplementing traditional approaches to the assessment of mental health problems, which are based largely on reports of symptoms and observed behaviors, with more objective measures. Task based neurocognitive measures are one of the more obvious approaches that can be considered. Potential tasks include those indexing executive functioning, through its key components: working memory, inhibitory control, set-shifting and planning and those assessing more basic cognitive functions such as non-executive aspects of memory, processing speed a...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David Coghill Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Enduring Mental Health: The High Lifetime Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorder and Emerging Science of Persistent Mental Wellness
Just how common are common mental health problems? For much of the 20th century, psychiatric research and the US healthcare system seemed to proceed under the assumption that the answer is “not very”. It was not until the early 1990s that the United States conducted its first large-scale survey of mental health problems, the National Comorbidity Survey, which revealed that about half of all adult participants had experienced at least one diagnosable psychiatric disorder in their l ifetimes and close to one-in-three had met criteria for a psychiatric diagnosis in the past 12 months. (Source: Journal of the Ameri...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan D. Schaefer Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Comparison of Motor Vehicle Crashes, Traffic Violations, and License Suspensions Between Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescent and Young Adult Drivers
One-third of autistic individuals obtain a driver ’s license by age 21; however, prior studies suggest they may be at heightened risk for motor vehicle crashes. We compared objective rates of crashes, traffic violations, and license suspensions for newly licensed autistic and non-autistic adolescents. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Allison E. Curry, Kristina B. Metzger, Meghan E. Carey, Emma B. Sartin, Patty Huang, Benjamin E. Yerys Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Dr. Sprengers et al. Reply
Before we elaborate on the postulated discrepancies between our and previous bumetanide autism spectrum disorder (ASD) trials, we would like to acknowledge the crucial pioneering work on the GABA developmental sequence by Dr. Ben-Ari and colleagues. Chloride dysregulation and altered GABA polarity have been implicated in neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders, including some forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Etiologies underlying ASD are profoundly heterogeneous and an important challenge is to link the most optimal treatment to individual patients. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jan J. Sprengers, Dorinde M. van Andel, Hilgo Bruining Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Polygenic Risk and the Course of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder From Childhood to Young Adulthood: Findings From a Nationally-Representative Cohort
To understand whether genetic risk for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with course of the disorder across childhood and into young adulthood. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessica C. Agnew-Blais, Daniel W. Belsky, Avshalom Caspi, Andrea Danese, Terrie E. Moffitt, Guilherme V. Polanczyk, Karen Sugden, Jasmin Wertz, Benjamin Williams, Cathryn M. Lewis, Louise Arseneault Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Phasic Versus Tonic Irritability: Differential Associations With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms
Irritability is a multifaceted construct in pediatric psychopathology. It has been conceptualized as having a ‘phasic’ dimension and a ‘tonic’ dimension. Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) is defined by the presence of both dimensions. Severe irritability, or DMDD, is highly comorbid with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is unknown whether the presence of ADHD modulates the expression of phasic and tonic irritability. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 10, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elise M. Cardinale, Gabrielle F. Freitag, Melissa A. Brotman, Daniel S. Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Katharina Kircanski Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Correction
The October 2020 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry included an editorial entitled “White Matter Matters: Neurobiological Differences Between Pediatric Bipolar Disorder and Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder” (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 59:1128-1129). This editorial, requested by the editorial team, is an excellent overview of the importance of the study in the sam e edition by Linke et al., (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 59:1135-1145) who examined white matter fiber tracts in the brain to discriminate between bipolar disorder and disruptive mood dys...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Editors ’ Note
The October 2020 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry included an editorial entitled “White Matter Matters: Neurobiological Differences Between Pediatric Bipolar Disorder and Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder” (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 59:1128-1129). This editorial, requested by the editorial team, is an excellent overview of the importance of the study in the sam e edition by Linke et al., (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 59:1135-1145) who examined white matter fiber tracts in the brain to discriminate between bipolar disorder and disruptive mood dys...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - January 4, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Editors' Note Source Type: research