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“Dopamine producing cells make up 0.0005 percent of our brain…. And yet, when we think about who we are in the deepest sense, we think about that tiny cluster of cells. We identify with our dopamine… we ARE dopamine.” (p 198) (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Amy Lynn Meadows Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Anxiety Girl; Anxiety Girl Falls Again; Anxiety Girl Breaks Free
The self-published young adult fiction series, Anxiety Girl, chronicles the ups and downs of Sadie Valentine, a beautiful 20-something Brit from Cheshire, England. Despite living a glamorous life straight out of Sex and the City (the UK version), Sadie struggles with anxiety, panic attacks, and depression. The author, Lacey London, states her intention in the introduction to the first book: “I wanted to create a story that showed that mental health issues can happen to anyone, regardless of who you are and what you have.” Although Sadie’s mother won the lottery and gifted the lucky protagonist a beautiful...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Diana M. Wang, Anna J. Kerlek Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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The cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) literature contains several texts on its integration with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).1,2 To date, there are no publications that show how to combine both of these models with dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and compassion-focused therapy (CFT). Integrating CBT and Third Wave Therapies: Distinctive Features is a part of Routledge ’s excellent CBT Distinctive Features series edited by Windy Dryden. Each text in the 20-plus-strong collection presents 30 main aspects of a respective therapy from the CBT lineage, as told by experts in the field. (Source: Journal of th...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: John Ludgate Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Micronutrients for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Youth: A Placebo-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial
To evaluate whether micronutrients (vitamins/minerals) benefit attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and irritability in a North American pediatric sample. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jeanette M. Johnstone, Irene Hatsu, Gabriella Tost, Priya Srikanth, Leanna P. Eiterman, Alisha Bruton, Hayleigh K. Ast, Lisa M. Robinette, Madeline M. Stern, Elizabeth G. Millington, Barbara Gracious, Andrew J. Hughes, Brenda MY. Leung, L. Eugene Arnold Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Visual Evoked Potential Abnormalities in Phelan-McDermid Syndrome
The current study utilized visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to examine excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic activity in children with Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) and the association with genetic factors. PMS is caused by haploinsufficiency of SHANK3 on chromosome 22 and represents a common single-gene cause of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paige M. Siper, Mikaela A. Rowe, Sylvia B. Guillory, Audrey A. Rouhandeh, Julia L. George-Jones, Teresa Tavassoli, Stacey Lurie, Jessica Zweifach, Jordana Weissman, Jennifer Foss-Feig, Danielle Halpern, M. Pilar Trelles, Maureen S. Mulhern, Chloe Brittenh Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Advancing Anti-Racism in Community-Based Research Practices in Early Childhood and Family Mental Health
Structural racism – the ways that institutional policies, practices, and other norms operate to create and sustain race-based inequities1 –has historically been foundational to the operations of academic medical centers and research institutions. Since its inception, academic medicine depended on the exploitation of vulnerable communities to achieve medical, educational, and research goals.2 Research practices have long ignored or taken advantage of the individuals purportedly benefitting from the research, a dynamic most manifestly true for Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) communities in the Unit...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ambrose Lane, Arrealia Gavins, Ar'Reon Watson, Celene E. Domitrovich, Chioma M. Oruh, Christina Morris, Claudine Sherwood, Destiny N. Sharp, Dominique Charlot-Swilley, Erica E. Coates, Erin Mathis, Gail Avent, Hillary Robertson, Huynh-Nhu Le, J. Corey Wil Tags: Translations Source Type: research

Editorial: Second-Generation Antipsychotics for Bipolar Depression in Youths: The Best Evidence Synthesis Is a Strong Call for Further Evidence
Results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing the efficacy and/or safety of specific treatments can be pooled via meta-analyses to generate more precise estimates of the effects. Unlike standard (or “pairwise”) meta-analyses, network meta-analyses (NMAs), under specific assumptions, allow for the comparison of the efficacy and/or safety of 2 or more interventions even when they have not been compared head-to-head in the individual RCTs included in the meta-analysis.1 This makes NMA suited t o inform clinical decision making when prescribers need to know how available medications compare with each oth...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuele Cortese, Jean A. Frazier, Cinzia Del Giovane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Oropharyngeal Dysphagia as a Clinical Presentation of Lithium Intoxication: A Case Report
To the Editor: (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dilan Aydin, Selma Tural Hesapcioglu, Mehmet Fatih Ceylan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial: Second-Generation Antipsychotics for Bipolar Depression in Youth: The Best Evidence Synthesis is a Strong Call for Further Evidence
Accepted July 7, 2021 (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samuele Cortese, Jean A. Frazier, Cinzia Del Giovane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Virtual Arts and Movement Therapies for Youths in the Era of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on youths, including through increased isolation, the transition to online schooling, decreased access to arts and sports programming, exposure to illness, and anxiety. The pandemic has also affected the delivery of therapeutic services at a time when youths need more help building coping skills and reducing stress. Creative arts and movement therapies promote creativity and adaptability to better develop cognitive flexibility1 while enhancing self-regulation and self-direction, adaptive skills that are protective in the face of stress.2 Creative arts and movement-based gr...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lana Ruvolo Grasser, Arash Javanbakht Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research

Editorial: Dialectical Behavior Therapy and the Function of Self-Injury
The study by Asarnow et  al.1 is the third major paper from a large, federally funded, randomized, controlled trial of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) as compared to Individual and Group Supportive Therapy (IGST) for reducing self-injury in teens. The first paper established the superiority of DBT as compared to IGST.2 The second paper focused on predictors and moderators of treatment outcome.3 The goal of this, the third, publication1 is to identify the mechanism by which DBT is effective in reducing suicidal and self-injurious behavior in an at-risk group of adolescents. The value of DBT in reducing suicidal be h...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Pochyly, John T. Walkup Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Dialectical Behavioral Therapy and the Function of Self-Injury
The study by Asarnow et al.1 is the third major paper from a large, federally funded, randomized, controlled trial of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) as compared to Individual and Group Supportive Therapy (IGST) for reducing self-injury in teens. The first paper established the superiority of DBT as compared to IGST.2 The second paper focused on predictors and moderators of treatment outcome.3 The goal of this, the third, publication1 is to identify the mechanism by which DBT is effective in reducing suicidal and self-injurious behavior in an at-risk group of adolescents. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Ch...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Pochyly, John T. Walkup Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Virtual Arts and Movement Therapies for Youth in the Era of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted youth, including through increased isolation, the transition to online schooling, decreased access to arts and sports programming, exposure to illness, and anxiety. The pandemic has also affected the delivery of therapeutic services at a time when youth need more help building coping skills and reducing stress. Creative arts and movement therapies promote creativity and adaptability in order to better develop cognitive flexibility1 while enhancing self-regulation and self-direction, adaptive skills which are protective in the face of stress. (Source: Journal of the American ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lana Ruvolo Grasser, Arash Javanbakht Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Trauma-exposed Preschool-aged Children
Trauma exposure is common in preschool children. Understanding the psychological impact of such exposure and the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this population is important for provision of appropriate and timely intervention. This pre-registered (PROSPERO: CRD41019133984) systematic review and meta-analysis examined the prevalence of PTSD in trauma-exposed preschool-aged children. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Francesca Woolgar, Harriet Garfield, Tim Dalgleish, Richard Meiser-Stedman Tags: Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Antipsychotics in Children and Adolescents at Clinical High Risk for Psychosis
The prescription of antipsychotics in young children and adolescents is a delicate, complex, and often divisive issue, where official guidelines and real-world prescriptive habits seldom correspond.1 Such discrepancy is even more radical and excruciating in those conditions with an established higher risk of imminent development of an overt psychotic state (ie, Clinical High Risk for Psychosis [CHR-P] and the related diagnostic construct of DSM-5 Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome [APS]) that falls below the severity threshold for a DSM-5 diagnosis of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. (Source: Journal of the American...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrea Raballo, Michele Poletti, Antonio Preti Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Meta-analysis: Which Components of Parent Training Work for Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder?
Behavioral parent training is an evidence-based intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but it is unknown which of its components are most effective. This meta-regression analysis investigated which specific behavioral techniques that parents learn in parent training are associated with effects on parental outcomes. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tycho J. Dekkers, Rianne Hornstra, Saskia van der Oord, Marjolein Luman, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Annabeth P. Groenman, Barbara J. van den Hoofdakker Tags: Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Crisis Preparedness in Acute and Intensive Treatment Settings: Lessons Learned From a Year of COVID-19
The impact of COVID-19 changed utilization and delivery of healthcare services, requiring an abrupt shift in treatment and staffing models 1,2. This is particularly salient in youth acute and intensive treatment services (AITS), including inpatient psychiatric hospitals (IPH), intensive outpatient programs (IOP), and partial hospitalization programs (PHP), due to challenging issues of maintaining high quality care and a safe, therapeutic milieu during increased demand for acute services;3 all while limiting transmission of COVID-19 on locked units, in close quarters, and for youth traveling back and forth to day-programs. ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jarrod M. Leffler, Cassandra L. Esposito, Elisabeth A. Frazier, Michelle A. Patriquin, Meredith K. Reiman, Alysha D. Thompson, Carl Waitz Tags: Clinical Perspectives Source Type: research

Antipsychotics in Children and Adolescents at Clinical High-risk of Psychosis
The prescription of antipsychotics in young children and adolescents is a delicate, complex and often divisive issue, where official guidelines and real-world prescriptive habits seldom correspond.1 Such discrepancy is even more radical and excruciating in those conditions with an established higher risk of imminent development of overt psychotic state (i.e. Clinical High Risk for Psychosis, CHR-P and the related diagnostic construct of DSM-5 attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS)) which fall below the severity threshold for a DSM-5 diagnosis of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. (Source: Journal of the American Aca...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - July 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrea Raballo, Michele Poletti, Antonio Preti Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

When Smart Kids Underachieve in School: Practical Solutions for Teachers
may be an unlikely read for mental health professionals, but it offers valuable insight, nonetheless. In many ways, busy educators will find the most benefit from its greatest offerings: brevity, broad brushstrokes, lesson plan ideas, and hands-on classroom strategies. Only 1 chapter, a mere 16 pages, explores how a child's home life might affect their academic achievement and motivation. Yet the book lends us a new vantage point, that of educator, through which we may understand the psychology of our underachieving, gifted clients —and their academic context—even more fully. (Source: Journal of the American A...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Danielle H. Maxon Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

The Complete Guide to ADHD: Nature, Diagnosis, and Treatment
could be subtitled “What Two Scientist-Practitioners Want You to Know About ADHD.” These knowledgeable authors, Katerina Maniadaki and Efthymios Kakouros, may have unfamiliar names outside of Athens University, but they make the breadth and depth of the field of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) appe ar readily familiar to any reader. Their succinctly organized book is written from a particular psychological perspective that is thorough but not without bias. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tim Wigal Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

The Organized Child: An Effective Program to Maximize Your Kid ’s Potential—in School and in Life
For the parent who sighs when they discover yet another tattered paper randomly stuffed into the black hole of their child ’s backpack, The Organized Child: An Effective Program to Maximize Your Kid’s Potential—in School and in Life might be a book for them. Dr. Gallagher and colleagues have written a book for parents to teach skills to their organizationally challenged 7- to 13-year-olds.1 These techniques are a dapted from the Organizational Skills Program, which was created by Gallagher and colleagues, and, unlike the book reviewed here, is delivered by clinicians and has been shown to be effectiv...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joseph E. Wise Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Thalamic Subregions and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in 2,500 Children From the General Population
Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and clinically relevant obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in the general population are associated with increased thalamic volume. It is unknown whether this enlargement is explained by specific thalamic subregions. We investigated the relationship between OCS and volume of thalamic subregions in a population-based sample of children. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cees J. Weeland, Chris Vriend, Ysbrand van der Werf, Chaim Huyser, Manon Hillegers, Henning Tiemeier, Tonya White, Odile A. van den Heuvel Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Addressing the Mental Health Needs of LGBTQ Youth in the Juvenile Justice System
While growing awareness of the unmet mental health needs of LGBTQ youth populations has prompted calls for greater emphasis on health equity, efforts have largely overlooked glaring inequities affecting LGBTQ youth who are justice-involved. The disproportionality of juvenile justice system involvement for LGTBQ youth is a public health concern that merits focused attention and advocacy from child and adolescent mental health professionals. The proportion of incarcerated youth in the juvenile justice system who are LGBTQ is twice that of LGBTQ youth in the general adolescent population. (Source: Journal of the American Acad...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Natalia Ramos, Elizabeth Barnert, Eraka Bath Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Editorial: Optimizing Depression Prevention: The Way Forward?
Since the advent of cognitive −behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal therapy in the 1960s and 1970s, the progress on “talking therapies” has been slow. An extensive review of prevention and treatment studies over the past 50 years has shown that, although the therapies are effective, for depression the effect size is moderate, even for treatment, and has not changed in 50 years,1 with some indication that efficacy may have decreased.2 The approaches used in treatment have also been the mainstay of depression prevention approaches,3,4 with evidence of a small-to-moderate reduction in depressive sympto...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sally N. Merry Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Toward Neurobiological-based Treatments of Depression and Anxiety: A Potential Case for the Nucleus Accumbens
Depression and anxiety disorders together account for the majority of mental health disorders in childhood and adolescence and are often comorbid.1 The frequent co-occurrence of these disorders has motivated clinicians and researchers to consider dimensional taxonomy models that focus on neurobiological substrates which explain transdiagnostic constructs of functioning (eg, reward processing abnormalities). Such an approach would redefine not only depression and anxiety disorders but could also revolutionize clinical care, as such biobehavioral targets, rather than a traditional primary diagnosis, could serve as the basis ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tiffany C. Ho Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

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When Smart Kids Underachieve in School: Practical Solutions for Teachers may be an unlikely read for mental health professionals, but it offers valuable insight, nonetheless. In many ways, busy educators will find the most benefit from its greatest offerings: brevity, broad brushstrokes, lesson plan ideas, and hands-on classroom strategies. Only 1 chapter, a mere 16 pages, explores how a child's home life might affect their academic achievement and motivation. Yet the book lends us a new vantage point, that of educator, through which we may understand the psychology of our underachieving, gifted clients —and their ac...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Danielle H. Maxon Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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The Complete Guide to ADHD: Nature, Diagnosis, and Treatment could be subtitled “What Two Scientist-Practitioners Want You to Know About ADHD.” These knowledgeable authors, Katerina Maniadaki and Efthymios Kakouros, may have unfamiliar names outside of Athens University, but they make the breadth and depth of the field of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) appe ar readily familiar to any reader. Their succinctly organized book is written from a particular psychological perspective that is thorough but not without bias. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tim Wigal Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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For the parent who sighs when they discover yet another tattered paper randomly stuffed into the black hole of their child ’s backpack, The Organized Child: An Effective Program to Maximize Your Kid’s Potential—in School and in Life might be a book for them. Dr. Gallagher and colleagues have written a book for parents to teach skills to their organizationally challenged 7- to 13-year-olds.1 These techniques are a dapted from the Organizational Skills Program, which was created by Gallagher and colleagues, and, unlike the book reviewed here, is delivered by clinicians and has been shown to be effectiv...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joseph E. Wise Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Erratum
The May 2021 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry included an editorial entitled “Editorial: What are the “Doses,” Timing, and Treatment of Childhood Depression That Impact Adulthood?” (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 60:570-572) by Leslie A. Hulvershorn. The editorial discusses a research article in the same issue, Copeland et al., “Associations of Childhood and A dolescent Depression With Adult Psychiatric and Functional Outcomes,” (J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 60:604-611), however, due to a production error, the editorial incorr...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Branches
So is it that there should be different experiments of living; that free scope should be given to varieties of character …and that the worth of different modes of life should be proved practically, when any one thinks fit to try them. It is desirable, in short, that in things which do not primarily concern others, individuality should assert itself. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 21, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craigan Usher, Tiffany Sauls Source Type: research

Racial Discrimination, Mental Health, and Parenting Among African American Mothers of Preschool-Aged Children
Indirect exposure to racism experienced by a caregiver (ie, vicarious racism) is associated with poor outcomes for children, but mechanisms of vicarious racism transmission are poorly understood. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between experiences of racial discrimination and parenting among African American mothers, and to identify psychological mediators and moderators of this relationship. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 17, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Eileen M. Condon, Veronica Barcelona, Bridget Basile Ibrahim, Cindy A. Crusto, Jacquelyn Y. Taylor Tags: New Research Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Computerized Interpretation Bias Training for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A Fast-Fail Study
To examine targeted, mechanism-based interventions is the next generation of treatment innovation. Biased threat labeling of ambiguous face emotions (interpretation bias) is a potential behavioral treatment target for anger, aggression, and irritability. Changing biases in face-emotion labeling may improve irritability-related outcomes. Here, we report the first randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled targeted trial of interpretation bias training (IBT) in youths with chronic, severe irritability. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Simone P. Haller, Joel Stoddard, Christian Botz-Zapp, Michal Clayton, Caroline MacGillivray, Gretchen Perhamus, Kelsey Stiles, Katharina Kircanski, Ian S. Penton-Voak, Yair Bar-Haim, Marcus Munaf ò, Kenneth E. Towbin, Melissa A. Brotman Tags: New research Source Type: research

Computerized Interpretation Bias Training for Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder: A Fast-Fail Study
Probing targeted, mechanism-based interventions is the next generation of treatment innovation. Biased threat labeling of ambiguous face emotions (interpretation bias) is a potential behavioral treatment target for anger, aggression, and irritability. Changing biases in face-emotion labeling may improve irritability-related outcomes. Here, we report the first randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled targeted trial (RCT) of interpretation bias training (IBT) in youth with chronic, severe irritability. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Simone P. Haller, Joel Stoddard, Christian Botz-Zapp, Michal Clayton, Caroline MacGillivray, Gretchen Perhamus, Kelsey Stiles, Katharina Kircanski, Ian S. Penton-Voak, Yair Bar-Haim, Marcus Munaf ò, Kenneth E. Towbin, Melissa A. Brotman Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Cortical Development Mediates Association of Prenatal Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Child Reward Sensitivity: A Longitudinal Study
This study used neuroimaging and behavioral data from children aged 4 to 6 years and investigated whether prenatal maternal depressive symptoms (pre-MDS) associated with child cortical morphological development and subsequent reward-related behaviors in preschoolers. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dongtao Wei, Han Zhang, Birit F.P. Broekman, Yap-Seng Chong, Lynette P. Shek, Fabian Yap, Kok-Hian Tan, Peter D. Gluckman, Michael J. Meaney, Marielle V. Fortier, Anqi Qiu Tags: New research Source Type: research

Cortical Development Mediates Associations of Prenatal Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Reward Sensitivity: A Longitudinal Study
This study employed neuroimaging and behavioral data from children aged 4 to 6 years and investigated whether prenatal maternal depressive symptoms (pre-MDS) associate with child cortical morphological development and subsequent reward-related behaviors in preschoolers. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dongtao Wei, Han Zhang, Birit F.P. Broekman, Yap-Seng Chong, Lynette P. Shek, Fabian Yap, Kok-Hian Tan, Peter D. Gluckman, Michael J. Meaney, Marielle V. Fortier, Anqi Qiu Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Can We Finally Call Wraparound Evidence-Based for Youths With Serious Emotional Disorders?
No greater obligation exists for child and adolescent psychiatrists than understanding how to take care of the most complex youths —those with serious emotional disorders (SEDs), co-occurring conditions, and multi-system involvement. Child and adolescent psychiatrists have the highest levels of training to assess the confluence of biological, environmental, and psychological factors affecting youths with complex behavioral he alth needs and to guide their treatment. With allied professionals expanding their capacity to take care of more straightforward behavioral health concerns, a clear domain of the child and adole...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Justine Larson Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Can We Finally Call Wraparound Evidence-Based for Youth With Serious Emotional Disorders?
No greater obligation exists for child and adolescent psychiatrists than understanding how to take care of the most complex youth – those with serious emotional disorders (SEDs), co-occurring conditions, and multi-system involvement. Child and adolescent psychiatrists have the highest levels of training to assess the confluence of biological, environmental, and psychological factors impacting youth with complex behavioral he alth needs and guide their treatment. With allied professionals expanding their capacity to take care of more straightforward behavioral health concerns, a clear domain of the child and adolescen...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Justine Larson Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Race-Related Stressors and Resources for Resilience: Associations With Emotional Health, Conduct Problems, and Academic Investment Among African American Early Adolescents
This study examined whether race-related stressors (awareness and experiences of racism) and resources for resilience (racial-ethnic connectedness and perceptions of embedded achievement) were associated with emotional health, conduct problems, and academic investment among African American early adolescents. Embedded achievement is the belief that achievement is a part of one ’s racial or ethnic group identity. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jessie L. Austin, Elijah F. Jeffries, Willie Winston, Sonya S. Brady Tags: New Research Source Type: research

We Hear You
In June and July of last year, JAACAP Senior Editors recruited researchers and clinicians around the globe to complete an open-ended online questionnaire about their perceptions of the pandemic ’s effects on children and adolescents and which of these issues deserved immediate attention in future research. In May, JAACAP published the survey results.1 In keeping with these findings, the Book Forum has turned its focus to reviewing resources specific to the concerns raised by these partic ipants. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julie A. Chilton Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

August Book Forum: We Hear You
In June and July of last year, JAACAP Senior Editors recruited researchers and clinicians across the globe to complete an open-ended online questionnaire about their perceptions of the pandemic ’s effects on children and adolescents and which of these issues deserved immediate attention in future research. In May, JAACAP published the survey results.1 In keeping with these findings, the Book Forum has turned its focus to reviewing resources specific to the concerns raised by these partic ipants. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julie A. Chilton Source Type: research

The Transition of Academic Mental Health Clinics to Telehealth During the COVID-19 Pandemic
A consortium of eight academic child and adolescent psychiatry programs in the United States and Canada examined their pivot from in-person, clinic-based services to home-based telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aims were to document the transition across diverse sites and present recommendations for future telehealth service planning. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Johanna B. Folk, Marissa A. Schiel, Rachel Oblath, Vera Feuer, Aditi Sharma, Shabana Khan, Bridget Doan, Chetana Kulkarni, Ujjwal Ramtekkar, Jessica Hawks, Victor Fornari, Lisa R. Fortuna, Kathleen Myers Tags: New Research Source Type: research

The Effects of At-Birth Adoption on Atypical Behavior and Anxiety: A Nonhuman Primate Model
This study utilizes a nonhuman primate model, in which adoptions were randomly assigned, to investigate the behavioral and physiological outcomes associated with at-birth adoption. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elizabeth K. Wood, Whitney F. Espinel, Jacob Hunter, Alexa Emmett, Andrea N. Skowbo, Melanie L. Schwandt, Courtney Shannon, Stephen G. Lindell, Christina S. Barr, Stephen J. Suomi, J. Dee Higley Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Macaque At-Birth Adoption: Its Power and Promise
A compelling piece of science in this month ’s issue is the work of Wood et al. that addresses a long-standing question about adoption in infancy—could the process of adoption affect the later characteristics of adopted children?1 This question arises from studies showing that children adopted at birth have higher rates of behavioral prob lems on average later in life.2 Potential confounds of such studies are that adopted children may enter the adoption with pre-existing vulnerabilities related to the reason for adoption which could in turn could lead to behavioral differences. (Source: Journal of the American ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hanna E. Stevens Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Review: Adult Outcome as Seen Through Controlled Prospective Follow-up Studies of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Followed Into Adulthood
To describe adult outcome of people with childhood diagnosed attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its several key predictors via a review of seven North American controlled prospective follow-up studies: the Montreal, New York, Milwaukee, Pittsburgh, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Berkeley and the seven-site Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mariya V. Cherkasova, Arunima Roy, Brooke S.G. Molina, Gabrielle Scott, Gabrielle Weiss, Russell A. Barkley, Joseph Biederman, Mai Uchida, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Elizabeth B. Owens, Lily Hechtman Tags: Review Source Type: research