Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Because of Winn-Dixie is about a girl named India Opal Buloni, but everyone simply calls her by her middle name, Opal. When Opal is 10 years old, she moves with her father to Naomi, a small town in Florida. Opal leaves her friends behind, so she ’s really lonely. One day at the grocery store, she finds a stray dog. Opal adopts him and names him after the store, Winn-Dixie. Winn-Dixie’s really cute and friendly. Lots of people seem to like Winn-Dixie so lots of people seem to like Opal too. Opal makes a lot more friends during that summe r, all because of Winn-Dixie. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of C...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meadow Smith Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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As an 8-year-old, I read and enjoyed Kate DiCamillo ’s Flora and Ulysses because it told the story of a squirrel superpowered by an encounter with a vacuum cleaner. But even as I enjoyed this ridiculous and interesting story, I had a sense that there was something I was missing. That encouraged me to come back to it. Rereading the book as a 12-year -old has given me new understanding. On the outside, Flora and Ulysses is about a girl and her squirrel. But if you look closer and read between the lines, you see that the story is more than just a wacky tale of a flying, typing, super squirrel. (Source: Journal of the Am...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lucian Smith Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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To be curious, to connect, and to truly see the person in front of us is a gift. We strive for this seeing in our work with children and adolescents. This requires an alliance built on caring, trust, vulnerability, and strength. It takes all of these things and more for patients to share their agonies and achievements, their hopes and their fears, and everything in between. It takes these same things to be present to listen, to support, to heal, and not to turn away from suffering. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Arya Soman Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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“But I wasn’t trying to kill myself!” A teenage patient, admitted to general pediatric service following acetaminophen ingestion, angrily protested when I discussed inpatient psychiatric hospitalization as part of our treatment plan. I acknowledged and validated his disappointment and frustrat ion about yet another hospital stay. However, I also pointed out that his explanation of what he intended to do with taking a whole bottle of acetaminophen, which was to “fall asleep,” still left me worried. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yesie Yoon Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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“Once, there was a china rabbit who was loved by a little girl.” (p 200) (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Brian P. Kurtz Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Trajectories in Symptoms of Autism and Cognitive Ability in Autism From Childhood to Adult Life: Findings From a Longitudinal Epidemiological Cohort
For the first time, we use a longitudinal population-based autism cohort to chart the trajectories of cognition and autism symptoms from childhood to early adulthood and identify features that predict the level of function and change with development. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Emily Simonoff, Rachel Kent, Dominic Stringer, Catherine Lord, Jackie Briskman, Steve Lukito, Andrew Pickles, Tony Charman, Gillian Baird Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Maternal Vitamin D Levels and the Risk of Offspring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Recent evidence has highlighted the importance of vitamin D to the development of the central nervous system. Some studies have shown an association between maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and offspring Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms based on parent- or teacher ratings. There are no previous studies on early pregnancy 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and the risk of diagnosed offspring ADHD. Our aim was to examine maternal 25(OH)D levels in early pregnancy and offspring ADHD. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Minna Sucksdorff, Alan S. Brown, Roshan Chudal, Helj ä-Marja Surcel, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Keely Cheslack-Postava, David Gyllenberg, Andre Sourander Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Call for Improvements to Federal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Workforce Projection Methods
For several decades, national surveys and reports have well documented the serious, growing, and unmet need for mental and behavioral health services among children, adolescents, and young adults (C/A/YA) in the United States.1-3 Moreover, shortages and maldistribution of child and adolescent psychiatrists have been repeatedly documented.4,5 This scarcity is especially concerning given that in 2017, an estimated 44% of child and adolescent psychiatrists were age 55 and older.6 The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) and other mental and behavioral health organizations have consistently advocated for...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Samhita Ilango, Annie Schmidt, Margaret McManus, Wun Jung Kim Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Editorial: Evolving Understanding of Conduct Disorder
Conduct disorder accounts for up to 10% of youth.1 It is heritable, stable, highly associated with important psychiatric comorbidities and holds significant predictive value for life course with respect to education, employment, intimate relationships and legal problems. In 25% of youth diagnosed with conduct disorder, the diagnosis serves as a prelude to adult antisocial personality. For nearly all adults with antisocial behavior, conduct disorder was a harbinger of behaviors and attitudes to come. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David H. Rubin Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Five Profiles of Adolescents at Elevated Risk for Suicide Attempts: Differences in Mental Health Service Use
Adolescents at risk for suicide are highly heterogeneous in terms of psychiatric and social risk factors, yet there has been little systematic research on risk profiles, which would facilitate recognition and the matching of patients to services. Our primary study aims were to identify latent class profiles of adolescents with elevated suicide risk, and to examine the association of these profiles with mental health service use (MHSU). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cheryl A. King, David Brent, Jacqueline Grupp-Phelan, Rohit Shenoi, Kent Page, E. Melinda Matabele-Gittens, Lauren S. Chernick, Marlene Melzer-Lange, Margaret Rea, Taylor C. McGuire, Andrew Littlefield, T. Charles Casper, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: A Spoonful of Injury Prevention Makes the  ADHD Medicine Go Down
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of disability and mortality in youths across the United States1 and globally.2 Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an increased rate of unintentional injuries in multiple countries in a recent meta-analysis of studies in youths.3 The study by Ghirardi et  al.4 in this issue of the Journal adds to this literature by examining this issue within stratifications of injury and of characteristics of youths with ADHD.4 The authors accessed a very large sample (nearly 2 million youths) drawn from the Truven Health MarketScan Commercial Claims an...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carol M. Rockhill Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A Spoonful of Injury Prevention Makes the ADHD Medicine Go Down
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of disability and mortality in youth across the United States1 and globally.2 Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been associated with an increased rate of unintentional injuries in multiple countries and in a recent meta-analysis of those studies in youth.3 The study Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Medication and Unintentional Injuries in Children and Adolescents Ghirardi and colleagues in this Issue of the Journal adds to this literature by examining this issue within stratifications of injury and of characteristics of the youth with ADHD. (Source: Jou...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - December 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Carol M. Rockhill Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Practice Parameter for the Assessment and Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents With Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder)
Intellectual Disability (Intellectual Developmental Disorder) (ID/IDD) is both a psychiatric disorder and a risk factor for co-occurring psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. DSM-5 introduced important changes in the conceptualization and diagnosis of ID/IDD, and current research studies clarify assessment and treatment of co-occurring psychiatric disorders in this population. Optimal assessment and treatment of psychiatric illness in children and adolescents with ID/IDD includes modifications in diagnostic and treatment techniques, appreciation of variations in the clinical presentation of psychiatric disorde...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthew Siegel, Kelly McGuire, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele, Katharine Stratigos, Bryan King, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) Committee on Quality Issues (CQI) Source Type: research

Co-occurrence of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder and Traditional Eating Psychopathology
Kamryn T. Eddy and Jennifer J. Thomas are co-senior authors of this work. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kendra R. Becker, Lauren Breithaupt, Elizabeth A. Lawson, Kamryn T. Eddy, Jennifer J. Thomas Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis: The Prevalence of  Mental Illness in Child and Adolescent Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Over half of the world ’s refugee population are under the age of 18 years. This systematic review aims to summarize the current body of evidence for the prevalence of mental illness in child and adolescent refugee populations. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Blackmore, Kylie M. Gray, Jacqueline A. Boyle, Mina Fazel, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Grace Fitzgerald, Marie Misso, Melanie Gibson-Helm Tags: Review Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: The Prevalence of Mental Illness in Child and Adolescent Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Over half of the world ’s refugee population are under the age of 18 years. This systematic review aims to summarise the current body of evidence for the prevalence of mental illness in child and adolescent refugee populations. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Blackmore, Kylie M. Gray, Jacqueline A. Boyle, Mina Fazel, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Grace Fitzgerald, Marie Misso, Melanie Gibson-Helm Tags: Review Source Type: research

Increased Functional Segregation Related to the Salience Network in Unaffected Siblings of Youths With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
While there are frequent reports of shared neurofunctional and neurostructural alterations among probands with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their unaffected siblings, there is little knowledge regarding whether abnormalities in the resting-state functional connectivity of ADHD probands is also expressed in unaffected siblings, or if this unaffected (but at-risk) cohort manifests distinct patterns. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Daniel Kessler, Wen-Yih Isaac Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau Tags: New Research Source Type: research

Editorial: Parenting in Mind: Neurodevelopment and the Influence of Children ’s Most Profound Relationship
Parenting style, defined as the context of parenting practice,1 is foundational to research on mother-child relationships because it is observable, amendable to intervention, and influences risk of mental illness in offspring. For example, a recent systematic review demonstrates an association between negative parenting styles and the development of internalizing disorders in children.2 Therapies incorporating parenting style are standard treatment for youth with externalizing disorders. Given that the mother-child relationship is ever-present starting before birth and influences mental health, there is keen interest to el...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Michelle S. Horner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Juvenile Radicalization Into Violent Extremism: Investigative and Research Perspectives
At least since the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks on America, Western countries have ranked terrorism as a high-priority security threat. Many Western nations have viewed violent extremism principally as an external threat —committed on or against one’s homeland by individuals who have migrated or traveled from a foreign country. More recently, however, concern has accelerated about violent extremism emerging from people who have been born in, or at least spent considerable time as a resident of, the target countr y. This has been labeled “homegrown violent extremism” (HVE). (Sourc...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Randy Borum, Terri D. Patterson Tags: Translations Source Type: research

Considerations for Treating Young People With Comorbid Autism Spectrum Disorder and Substance Use Disorder
Although substance use disorder (SUD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are highly comorbid with other mental disorders and commonly have onset during childhood,1 little attention has been paid to their overlap. Despite limited data suggesting that up to 4% of patients with ASD also have substance-related problems,2 there are no existing guidelines, protocols, or tailored resources focused on SUD in young people with co-occurring ASD. This is concerning given that the simultaneous presence of these disorders presents unique challenges that complicate clinical care. In particular, many of the symptoms of ASD can interfere ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Benjamin M. Isenberg, Amy M. Yule, James W. McKowen, Lisa A. Nowinski, Gina A. Forchelli, Timothy E. Wilens Tags: Clinical perspectives Source Type: research

Hats Off: Journal Awards 2019
Every summer, your president, your editor, and last year ’s Journal award winners are challenged with selecting three new award-winning articles. To be eligible, articles must epitomize scholarly excellence in a key area of our discipline and have been published in the Journal between July of the previous year and June of the current year by a lead or s enior author who is a child and adolescent psychiatrist and an AACAP member. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Douglas K. Novins, Karen Dineen Wagner, Stacy S. Drury, Jeffrey H. Newcorn, Judah Weathers Tags: AACAP official action Source Type: research

Invisible Allies: Thanking Our Reviewers
Reviewing manuscripts is hard work. We wish to express our heartfelt appreciation to the 493 hard workers listed below, who so diligently served their Journal between July 1, 2018, and June 30, 2019. Our additional gratitude is to our 17 colleagues (Matthew G. Biel, Daniel A. Geller, Mary Margaret Gleason, Michelle S. Horner, Ellen Leibenluft, Bennett L. Leventhal, Christel Middeldorp, Armin Raznahan, Laura Richardson, Neal D. Ryan, Lawrence Scahill, Manpreet K. Singh, Joel S. Stoddard, Argyris Stringaris, Peter Szatmari, Amy E. West, and Bonnie T. Zima) who served as ad hoc and guest editors and helped ensure that all man...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Editor's corner Source Type: research

Transparency: Disclosure of Financial Interests
In keeping with the Journal ’s policies,1 we provide a listing of disclosures for all members of the editorial masthead and the ad hoc and guest editors (marked with an asterisk) as of October 3, 2019. This list, based on annually updated signed statements on file in the editorial office, includes all biomedical financial in terests and potential conflicts of interest disclosed for the previous 24 months and the foreseeable future. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Editor's corner Source Type: research

“Just Breathe”
It doesn ’t take long for a kid to check out. Or to decide you’re just another useless therapist they’re forced to see. Especially if they have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and have been treated like they’re a bad kid often enough to begin to believe it. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julie A. Chilton Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Aggression is a ubiquitous social behavior that is also one of the most frequent reasons for referrals of children and adolescents to mental health services. Within psychiatric classification, aggression and related maladaptive behaviors, such as defiance and anger outbursts, represent the core symptoms of disruptive behavior disorders as well as a common associated feature across a wide range of psychiatric conditions. Childhood aggression also contributes to concurrent and long-term impairment in social and adaptive functioning and poses a considerable burden on families and society. (Source: Journal of the American Acad...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kimberly Cimino, Denis G. Sukhodolsky Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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AACAP ’s Consumer Issues Committee has developed a list of bibliotherapy resources for patients, families, and clinicians. These books can be rich educational tools and therapeutic resources. Some of the books listed below are written in the voice of a young child with mental illness, some are fictional stories with helpful themes, and some are firsthand accounts written by patients or families about their personal experience with mental illness. The material in some books may not be appropriate for every reader. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Julie Chilton Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial: Stimulants: Friend or Foe?
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Timothy E. Wilens, Tamar Arit Kaminski Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Alcohol and the Developing Brain: What to Expect Next?
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Scott Mackey Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Beyond the Prior Authorization: Multimodal Efforts to Reduce Antipsychotic Medication Prescribing in Foster Care Youth
When it comes to efforts to reduce the overprescribing of psychiatric medications, the first thing that comes to mind for many clinicians is burdensome prior authorizations or generic letters from insurance companies telling you things you already know. Most psychiatrists and primary care clinicians are well aware of the potential risks associated with drugs such as antipsychotic medications, and many wonder if these intrusions into the doctor –patient relationship go beyond saving money and actually contribute to improved care. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David C. Rettew Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial: Beyond the Prior Authorization: Multi-Modal Efforts to Reduce Antipsychotic Medication Prescribing in Foster Care Youth
When it comes to efforts to reduce the over-prescribing of psychiatric medications, the first thing that comes to mind for many clinicians is burdensome prior authorizations or generic letters from insurance companies telling you things you already know. Most psychiatrists and primary care clinicians are well aware of the potential risks associated with drugs such as antipsychotic medications, and many wonder if these intrusions into the doctor-patient relationship go beyond saving money and actually contribute to improved care. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David C. Rettew Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Antidepressant Tolerability in Pediatric Anxiety and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders: A Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling Meta-Analysis
To compare antidepressant-related adverse events (AEs), suicidality and AE-related discontinuation in double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of pediatric patients with OCD and anxiety disorders treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jeffrey A. Mills, Jeffrey R. Strawn Tags: New Research Source Type: research

High Viewership of Videos About Teenage Suicide on YouTube
The ubiquity of social media in a teenager ’s daily life is no secret as 97% of teens use at least one major online platform and 45% stay online ‘almost constantly’.1 The largest source of video-based digital content, YouTube (www.youtube.com), is the most commonly used social media platform by teenagers1. While we are still trying to understand the benefits and risks of extensive media use, some research has suggested that YouTube may promote the normalization of non-suicidal self-injury among youth2 and it may facilitate the rapid spread of harmful trends like the ‘tide pod challenge’ among ...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anjali Dagar, Tatiana Falcone Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Systematic Review: Anxiety in Children and Adolescents With Chronic Medical Conditions
This study set out to systematically review the literature on anxiety and seven CMCs among youth (asthma, congenital heart disease, diabetes, epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis and sickle cell disease). (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vanessa E. Cobham, Anna Hickling, Hayley Kimball, Hannah J. Thomas, James G. Scott, Christel M. Middeldorp Tags: Review Source Type: research

Meta-Analysis: Exposure to Early Life Stress and Risk for Depression in Childhood and Adolescence
Early life stress (ELS) is associated with increased risk for the development of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adulthood; the degree to which ELS is associated with an early onset of MDD (ie, during childhood or adolescence), however, is not known. In this meta-analysis, we estimated the associations between ELS and the risk for onset of MDD before age 18 years. In addition, we examined the associations between eight specific forms of ELS (ie, sexual abuse, physical abuse, poverty, physical illness/injury, death of a family member, domestic violence, natural disaster, and emotional abuse) and risk for youth-onset MDD....
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joelle LeMoult, Kathryn L. Humphreys, Alison Tracy, Jennifer-Ashley Hoffmeister, Eunice Ip, Ian H. Gotlib Tags: Review Source Type: research

Bilingualism in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Finding Meaning in Translation
In the United States, 12 million children primarily speak a language other than English at home.1 This represents about one in four children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) being raised in a bilingual environment. The old notion that bilingualism could “confuse” a child has long been refuted by a large body of research that suggests quite the opposite.2 As early as infancy, persons in a bilingual environment show advantages in certain cognitive tasks.3 Furthermore, there is evidence that bilingual persons perform better on tasks indicative of social understanding stemming from the ability to navigate the in...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M. Pilar Trelles, Karen Castro Tags: Clinical perspectives Source Type: research

Folate Deficiency Based Autism as an Orofacial Clefts/Neural Tube Defect Spectrum Disorder
I would like to reply to the article “Increased Risk for Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children With Orofacial Clefts” by Tillman et al.1 (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sheldon B. Zablow Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Dr. Tillman et  al. Reply
We read with interest the commentary of Dr.  Zablow1 on our publication on neurodevelopmental disorders and orofacial clefts (OFC).2 (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karin K. Tillman, Malin Hakelius, Jonas H öijer, Mia Ramklint, Lisa Ekselius, Daniel Nowinski, Fotios C. Papadopoulos Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Attention Pleas
Everything depends on what, if anything, we find interesting —on what we are encouraged and educated to find interesting, and what we find ourselves being interested in despite ourselves.–Adam Phillips, Attention Seeking1 (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Craigan Usher Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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In his latest book, Deep Medicine: How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Healthcare Human Again, Eric Topol ponders the future of medicine and  circles around the question of whether artificial intelligence (AI) will ultimately enhance the doctor−patient relationship or destroy it. I can’t help my psychoanalytic background—I think he is conflicted. Topol is a hopeful guy, but my reading of the book is that he hasn’t convinced hims elf that things are going to work out well. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richard F. Summers Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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Illuminating and compelling, Wiremu NiaNia, Allister Bush, and David Epston ’s Collaboration and Indigenous Mental Health Therapy weds worlds: of clinical psychiatry and indigenous knowledge, specifically of traditional Maori healing. While some might consider these frameworks diametrically opposed, this text sheds light on how they can complement each other, enhancing t he bio-psycho-social formulation to include cultural and spiritual components. In many cases, this serves as a linchpin. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chia Granda Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

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“Schizophrenia terrifies” (p 3). This simple, yet poignant, statement introduces the first essay in Esmé Weijun Wang’s The Collected Schizophrenias. As a psychiatrist working with children and young adults experiencing their first episode of psychosis, I can confidently say: Ms. Wang’s stat ement is accurate. Schizophrenia not only terrifies the individual it directly affects, but also those intimately surrounding the person. They often struggle to make sense of their loved one’s changes in behavior and functioning. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: John W. Tyson Tags: Book forum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Council Page
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - October 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research