The Association Between ENT Diseases and Obesity in Pediatric Population: A Systemic Review of Current Knowledge.

The Association Between ENT Diseases and Obesity in Pediatric Population: A Systemic Review of Current Knowledge. Ear Nose Throat J. 2019 Apr 09;:145561319840819 Authors: Krajewska Wojciechowska J, Krajewski W, Zatoński T Abstract Obesity in pediatric population is an important global problem. The prevalence of obesity in children is dramatically rising. According to World Health Organization, about 41 million children under the age of 5 years are obese or overweight worldwide. Overweight and obesity are well-known risk factors for a number of health disorders. Diseases commonly observed in this group of patients are metabolic disorders, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, fatty liver disease, musculoskeletal problems, and many others. The main aim of this study was to present the current knowledge of the association between childhood obesity and common otorhinolaryngological disorders. It is suggested that obese children are more prone to suffer from otorhinolaryngological illnesses than the lean ones. Obesity may predispose to otorhinolaryngological diseases in various ways. It strongly interferes with the immune system (increases serum levels of interleukin 6, tumor necrosis factor, C-reactive protein, and leptin and reduces adiponectin concentration) affecting organs of the upper respiratory tract. Additionally, obesity induces mechanical disorders in the upper airways. According to our review, obesity predisposes to otitis media with...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Materials Today: ProceedingsAuthor(s): K. Senthil Kannan, S. Gayathri Devi, Prithiviraj Nagarajan, G. Flora, R. Ranadevan
Source: Materials Today: Proceedings - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Ventura CG, Roque FL, Sousa IQ, Lobo RD, Luders C Abstract INTRODUCTION: Chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients are considered to be at high risk for infection. Here, we describe the clinical outcomes of chronic HD patients with influenza A (H1N1) infection and the strategies adopted to control an outbreak of influenza A in a dialysis unit. METHODS: Among a total of 62 chronic HD patients, H1N1 infection was identified in 12 (19.4%). Of the 32 staff members, four (12.5%) were found to be infected with the H1N1 virus. Outcomes included symptoms at presentation, comorbidities, occurrence of hypoxemia, hospit...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Exercise. Eat better. Sleep more. Don ’t worry about things you can’t control. Those are good tips anytime, but especially during a global pandemic, said Dr. Tyler Cooper, president and CEO of Cooper Aerobics and a Cooper Clinic physician. The Dallas institution is in its 50th year. It was founded in 1970 by Cooper’s dad, “Fat her of Aerobics” Kenneth H. Cooper, and has grown into a multi-specialty practice focused on preventive health care and backed by extensive research. In an interview…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Source Type: news
Proportion is far higher than those found in clinical trials of the cancer drugs; study finds differences by cancer type.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Purpose of review Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a pervasive and growing health concern that has a significant impact on mortality and morbidity, putting stress on global healthcare systems. CKD affects ∼14% of general populations and ∼36% of high-risk populations and is projected to rise in the coming decade due to increasing rates of diabetes and hypertension. Recent findings Screen, triage, and treat programs aim to detect early stage disease with the intention of promoting medical and lifestyle interventions in line with a patient's level of risk that may slow disease progression and reduce morbidity and ...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY AND PREVENTION: Edited by Navdeep Tangri Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the evidence regarding a decrease in worldwide sperm parameters and discuss potential causative factors. Recent findings The topic of worldwide decline in sperm parameters is contentious; however, recent high-quality studies have demonstrated that there is indeed a decline in sperm parameters. Several retrospective and basic science studies have shown possible links for this decline in sperm parameters such as obesity, diet, and environmental toxins. Summary There exist substantial data to suggest a decline in sperm counts over time. Although causative factors have yet to be fully elucid...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
Purpose of review Recently in October 2019 a Global Consensus Position on the use of Testosterone Therapy for Women was published. The use of testosterone and other agents for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is an important topic for the urologist focusing on sexual health. This review describes the known causes for FSD, and discusses the role of androgens in this disorder, the evidence for using testosterone treatment, and other current and emerging therapies. Recent findings A recent meta-analysis, published in The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology evaluated a total of 36 randomized control trials spanning 1990&nda...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
Purpose of review Several studies suggest a strong association between leptin, obesity, and infertility with respect to the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG) axis, androgen regulation, and sperm production, but the direct mechanistic association between these is still largely unexplored. This review focuses on understanding the association between leptin, obesity, and male infertility. Recent findings Obesity is linked to fertility dysfunction in both genders. Obesity in men may affect their fertility by impaired spermatogenesis, reduced testosterone levels, erectile dysfunction, and poor libido by puta...
Source: Current Opinion in Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: GENDER MEDICINE, INFERTILITY AND ERECTILE FUNCTION: Edited by Ryan Flannigan and Ranjith Ramasamy Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Value in Health Regional Issues, Volume 22Author(s): Faris El-Dahiyat, Islam Eljilany
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of intensive effort on egocentric distance perception according to different angles of view after sleep deprivation at the beginning (SDB) or at the end (SDE) of the night and after a normal sleep night (N...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
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