Berberine and musculoskeletal disorders: the therapeutic potential and underlying molecular mechanisms

ConclusionThe current evidence indicates that berberine may be effective in preventing musculoskeletal disorders. However, findings from in vitro and in vivo investigations await further validation from human clinical trial.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Authors: Deng Y, Xie Q, Zhang G, Li S, Wu Z, Ma Z, He X, Gao Y, Wang Y, Kang X, Wang J Abstract Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Although great efforts have been made to understand the pathogenesis and development of ES, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. The present study aimed to identify new key genes as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis, targeted therapy or prognosis of ES. mRNA expression profile chip data sets GSE17674, GSE17679 and GSE45544 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) w...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Sun HB, Wang HY, Wu B, Wang ZF, Wang LZ, Li FQ, Wu JD, Zhang LN Abstract The poor prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma remains a persistent problem, in particular for patients with unresectable tumors or metastasis. Therefore, combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy has been considered for patients with metastasis or recurrence, patients unsuitable for surgery and patients refusing surgery. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of the combined treatment with cisplatin and radiation therapy on the biological characteristics of the osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 and the breast cancer 1 (BRC...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Wang X, Li W, Bi J, Wang J, Ni L, Shi Q, Meng Q Abstract Podoplanin (PDPN) is an important positive regulator of platelet aggregation and functions as a lymphatic endothelial marker. PDPN has been observed to be expressed in human tumor tissues and various cancer cell lines. In the present study, PDPN expression in patients with primary osteosarcoma was assessed at the mRNA and protein levels, and the associations between PDPN expression and pulmonary metastasis (PM) and prognosis were examined. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis was used to detect the expression levels of PDPN in pr...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Broadhead DY, Douglas HE, Bezjian Wallace LM, Wallace PJ, Tamura S, Morgan KC, Hemler DE Abstract Back pain and its associated complications are of increasing importance among military members. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a common source of chronic low back pain (LBP) and functional disability. Many patients suffering from chronic LBP utilize opioids to help control their symptoms. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been used extensively to treat pain emanating from many different musculoskeletal origins; however, its use in the SIJ has been studied only on a limited basis. The patient in this case report pr...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Discussion and conclusionsIn patients with episodes of recurrent arthritis with associated joint effusion in one or two joints, refractory to systemic treatments, to local infiltrations with corticosteroids and for patients for whom other treatments may be contraindicated, we must consider the possibility of performing an isotope radiosinoviortesis, as it is a simple, safe technique with a success rate of more than 50%.ResumenNuestro hospital es el hospital de referencia en medicina nuclear para la realización de la sinoviortesis radioisotópica para toda Castilla La-Mancha.ObjetivoDescribir la experiencia en ...
Source: Reumatologia Clinica - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Authors: Eller M, Goadsby PJ Abstract Migraine affects over a billion people worldwide in any year and is the second most common cause of years lost due to disability. Not "just a headache", morbidity washes though society and carries a substantial economic and social cost. Understanding of migraine pathophysiology has progressed significantly. Animal models and functional neuroimaging have yielded significant insight into brain structures that mediate migraine symptoms. The role of small peptides as neurotransmitters within this network has been elucidated, allowing the generation of novel therapeutic ap...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Philippe Bercier, Marcelo Gottschalk, Daniel GrenierAbstractStreptococcus suis is a bacterial pathogen that mainly colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. It is known to cause severe infections such as septicemia, meningitis, arthritis, and endocarditis in pigs and to be responsible for major economic losses in the swine industry worldwide. To better understand the interactions between S. suis and the porcine respiratory epithelium, we investigated the ability of this pathogen to cause damage to the tracheal epithelial barrier...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present study indicated that sweroside, as a potential agent in treatment of osteoporosis, might exert beneficial effects on MC3T3-E1 cells by interaction with the membrane estrogen receptor-α and GPR30 that then activates the p38 signalling pathway. This is the first study to report the specific mechanism of the effects of sweroside on osteoblastic differentiation and mineralization of MC3T3-E1 cells.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
We describe herein the incidental detection of a giant hypometabolic fecaloma on PET/CT with 18F-FDG during the initial staging of a patient with osteosarcoma using opioids for pain management.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
We present a case of a 19-year-old woman with Ewing sarcoma of the iliac bone in whom 68Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC PET/CT showed high radiotracer activity in the primary tumor. The present case documents the in vivo expression of PSMA in Ewing sarcoma family of tumors and adds on to the list of nonprostatic malignancies showing PSMA expression.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
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