Prader-willi syndrome: what is the general pediatrician supposed to do? - a review

Conclusions: If the general pediatrician bec omes more familiar with PWS, the diagnosis and treatment will start earlier, which is essential to improve the quality of life and care for these individuals.
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

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Objective The aims of the study were to evaluate the influence of level of spinal cord injury (SCI) on caloric intake relative to total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and body composition, and to develop a SCI–specific correction factor for the TDEE estimation. Design Individuals with paraplegia (PARA, n = 28) and tetraplegia (TETRA, n = 13) were analyzed. Daily caloric intake, basal metabolic rate, and TDEE were obtained using dietary recall, indirect calorimetry, and prediction equations, respectively. Caloric intake and TDEE were adjusted to bodyweight. Body composition was assessed using dual-energy x-ray a...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles: CME Article . 2019 Series . Number 11 Source Type: research
Authors: Gillis LJ Abstract Obesity is a major health issue. A community-based intervention was implemented on a college campus to help employees lose body weight and fat. Participants were scanned using the InBody device at pre- and post-intervention, measuring body weight, fat, and waist circumference. Participants attended 11 classes on healthy lifestyle education. A comparison of pre- and post-intervention measurements was made using a paired t-test, resulting in a statistically significant difference in outcome measures. Correlation between class attendance and pounds lost showed a moderate negative correlatio...
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The heart rate recovery test, countermovement jump test, eccentric hamstring force test, and perceptual wellness all possess acceptable measurement sensitivity. Signal to noise ratio analysis is a novel method of assessing measurement characteristics of monitoring tools. These data can be used by coaches and scientists to identify meaningful changes in common measures of fitness and fatigue in professional Australian football. PMID: 31615972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Int J Sports Physiol Perform Source Type: research
Authors: Hawker GA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting 1 in 3 people over age 65 and women more so than men. The prevalence of OA is rising due, in part, to the increasing prevalence of OA risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and joint injury. OA-related joint pain causes functional limitations, poor sleep, fatigue, depressed mood and loss of independence. Compared to age and sex-matched peers, OA patients incur higher out of pocket health-related expenditures and substantial costs due to lost productivity. Most people with OA (59-87%) have at least one othe...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Griffin TM, Scanzello CR Abstract Although osteoarthritis (OA) was historically referred to as the non-inflammatory arthritis, it is now considered a condition involving persistent low-grade inflammation and activation of innate inflammatory pathways. Synovitis increases the risk of OA onset and progression and involves the recruitment of monocytes, lymphocytes, and other leukocytes. In particular, macrophages are important mediators of synovial inflammatory activity and pathologic cartilage and bone responses that are characteristic of OA. Advances in understanding how damage-associated molecular patterns...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Publication date: 19–25 October 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10207Author(s): Evelien Dekker, Pieter J Tanis, Jasper L A Vleugels, Pashtoon M Kasi, Michael B WallaceSummarySeveral decades ago, colorectal cancer was infrequently diagnosed. Nowadays, it is the world's fourth most deadly cancer with almost 900 000 deaths annually. Besides an ageing population and dietary habits of high-income countries, unfavourable risk factors such as obesity, lack of physical exercise, and smoking increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Advancements in pathophysiological understanding have increased the array of treatme...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
(CNN) — Should you eat before or after exercise in the morning? The debate has raged for years. The eat-first camp says food before exercise boosts blood sugars, giving the body fuel to increase the intensity and length of a workout. It also keeps you from being fatigued or dizzy. The eat-after camp says you burn more fat if you fast before exercise. A small UK study published Friday supports the latter point of view: In 30 obese or overweight men, those who exercised before breakfast burned twice the fat as men who ate breakfast before they worked out. That’s because exercising with no fuel forces the body to ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Exercise Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Trends in Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Daniela Stols-Gonçalves, G. Kees Hovingh, Max Nieuwdorp, Adriaan G. HolleboomThe prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is strongly increasing and may put patients at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (asCVD). Both disease phenotypes often co-occur, in the case of obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus type 2, and the metabolic syndrome. We explore the pathogenesis of NAFLD, the epidemiology of asCVD in NAFLD patients, shared drivers of both phenotypes, and fact...
Source: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn patients where surgery was performed for non-inflammatory sinus disease, turbinate resection is not correlated with poorer postoperative nasal obstruction, sinonasal function nor sleep quality.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Nathaniel Moulson, Paul Dorian, Andrew Krahn, Alice Virani, Saul Isserow, James McKinneyAbstractPrevention of sudden cardiac arrest/death and disease progression have traditionally been the primary basis for determining exercise recommendations for those with underlying cardiovascular disease. Potential harms of exercise restriction, including physical inactivity’s impact on obesity, chronic disease and negative psychological and emotional consequences, have been considered ancillary, if considered at all. Accumulating ...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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