Movement assessment battery for children-second edition: theoretical adequacy of a motor assessment instrument
Conclusions: After removing the “ Bicycle trail ” motor task, the adjusted two-factor model seems to be the most appropriate to assess the motor performance of children participating in the study.RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a adequabilidade do modelo te órico do instrumento de avaliação motora Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition. Métodos: Participaram do estudo 582 crianças, de ambos os sexos com idade entre 3 e 5 anos da cidade de Maringá, Paraná, no período de maio/2014 a junho/2015. Para analisar os dados, utilizou- se a estatí...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - April 2, 2021 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Exposure of pediatric emergency patients to imaging exams, nowadays and in times of covid-19: an integrative review
Conclusions: It is necessary to improve hospital staff training, use clinical decision instruments and develop guidelines to reduce the number of exams required, allowing hospital cost savings; and reducing children ’ s exposure to ionizing agents.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar dados da literatura sobre exposi ção desnecessária de pacientes da emergência pediátrica a agentes ionizantes dos exames de imagem, na atualidade e em tempos de COVID-19. Fontes de dados: Entre abril e julho de 2020 ocorreu a seleção dos artigos, utilizando-se as bases de dados: Biblioteca Virtual em ...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 18, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Lifestyle and anthropometric indicators have greater associations with steps/day in boys than in girls
ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the association of lifestyle, anthropometric, sociodemographic, family and school environment indicators with the number of steps/day in children. Methods: The sample consisted of 334 children (171 boys) from nine to 11 years old. Participants used the Actigraph GT3X accelerometer to monitor the number of steps/day, moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) for seven consecutive days. Height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and body fat were also measured. Lifestyle indicators such as diet, environment, neighborhood, and parental school...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Vitamin e intake and food sources in adolescent diet: a cross-sectional population-based study
Conclusions: There were a low intake and a high prevalence of inadequate vitamin E intake among adolescents in Campinas, with vegetable oil as the main source. For the total number of adolescents, almost 33% of the nutrient content was derived from foods of poor nutritional quality such as cookies, packaged snacks, and margarine. The results of this study can guide public health actions that aim to improve the quality of adolescents ’ diets.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a ingest ão de vitamina E e sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas, e identificar as principais fontes alimentares...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 14, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Influences of family and household characteristics on children’s level of physical activity during social distancing due to covid-19 in brazil
Conclusions: Household and personal characteristics of Brazilian children influence the level of physical activity performed by them during social distancing. Preventive measures can be adopted in the face of another similar period.RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar se as vari áveis sexo da criança, idade, presença de irmãos, pais trabalhando de maneira remota e espaço externo afetam o nível de atividade física das crianças brasileiras durante o distanciamento social por COVID-19. Métodos: Aplicou-se questionário online pelo LimeSurvey, em março e abril ...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Intra- and inter-rater reliability of a biophotogrammetric assessment protocol for preterm infants
Conclusions: The present study sugge sts that the proposed protocol for the thoracoabdominal motion analysis of preterm neonates has high reliability.RESUMO Objetivo: Mensurar a confiabilidade intra e interexaminador de um protocolo de avalia ção biofotogramétrica da mobilidade toracoabdominal de prematuros. Métodos: Estudo de caráter transversal e analítico. Incluíram-se filmagens de 40 prematuros em duas vistas (lateral e superior), realizadas em supino, pelve retrovertida e joelhos em semiflexão. Marcadores de acrílico fora m posicionados sobre Micropores em...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of hammock positioning on clinical parameters in preterm infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit: a systematic review
ABSTRACT Objective: To review the effects of the hammock positioning on clinical parameters of preterm newborn infants (PTNB) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). Data sources: This was a systematic review performed by searching the Pubmed, Lilacs, SciELO and PEDro databases. Intervention studies in English, Portuguese and Spanish that evaluated the effects of hammock positioning on clinical parameters of PTNB admitted to the NICU were selected. Three search strategies were used: 1) hammock positioning OR patient positioning AND intensive care units AND infant, newborn; 2) hammock positioning OR patient pos...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - December 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical manifestations of children and adolescents with covid-19: report of the first 115 cases from sabarÁ hospital infantil
Conclusions: Most of children and adolescents affected by COVID-19 had mild upper airway symptoms. Clinical manifestations of COVID-19 were more severe among younger children who exhibited gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms more frequently.RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as manifesta ções clínicas e a gravidade de crianças e adolescentes acometidos pela COVID-19 atendidos no Sabará Hospital Infantil. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal, retrospectivo e observacional. Foram analisados os atendimentos (pronto-socorro, enfermaria e Unidade de Terapia Intensiva - UTI) qu e aprese...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Patent ductus arteriosus closure: experience from a tertiary referral center
ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the number and methods of closure of Persistent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) over a span of 16 years in a third level maternity hospital. Methods: Retrospective study of neonates born between January 2003 and Deccember 2018, who underwent ductus arteriosus closure by pharmacological, surgical and/or transcatheter methods. Gestational age, birth weight, number and methods of closures per year were evaluated. The success rate of the pharmacologic method was calculated, as well as the mortality rate. The association between mortality and birthweight, treatment used and treatment failure was expl...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Nutritional status, physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet, and lifestyle in childhood: an analysis of respiratory diseases in adolescence
Conclusions: Higher consumption of whole milk, not having a television in the bedroom, few physical education classes, and being a girl were factors associated with respiratory diseases. Public policies should be directed toward a healthier lifestyle and the prevention of respiratory diseases.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a associa ção entre estado nutricional, atividade física, comportamento sedentário, dieta e estilo de vida na infância e doenças respiratórias durante a adolescência. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo realizado em São Caetano do Sul, São Paul...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Incidence of urinary tract infection after cystography
Conclusions: The incidence of post-cystography UI was low in our sample. The presence of VUR was significantly associated with the occurrence of post-cystography UI. The authors highlight the importance of an adequate catheterization technique and the need for clinical surveillance after the procedure.RESUMO Objetivo: A cistografia é um exame invasivo que apresenta potencial iatrogenia, nomeadamente infecção urinária (IU). Os estudos sobre a incidência de complicações associadas a esse exame são escassos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a incidência de IU a...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Perinatal care in a northeastern brazilian state: structure, work processes, and evaluation of essential newborn care components
(Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria)
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 20, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Hospital physical therapy management in pediatric patients with covid-19: case reports
ABSTRACT Objective: To report the physiotherapeutic management of two pediatric cases with COVID-19 admitted in a reference state hospital to treat the disease in Porto Alegre, Southern Brazil. Cases description: Case 1, female, 10-month-old child, pre-existing chronic disease, hospitalized since birth, mechanical ventilation dependency via tracheotomy, progressed with hypoxemia, requiring oxygen therapy, and increased ventilator parameters, and a diagnosis of COVID-19 was confirmed. Airway clearance and pulmonary expansion maintenance therapies were performed. During hospitalization, the child acquired cephalic control, s...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical and laboratory characteristics of sars-cov-2 infection in children and adolescents
Conclusions: Most children have asymptomatic or mild presentations, with a prevalence of fever, cough, and gastrointestinal symptoms. New cases with different systemic inflammatory reactions in children have been reported, with clinical manifestations distinct from those typically found in adults.RESUMO Objetivo: Apresentar as atuais evid ências sobre as características clínicas e laboratoriais da infecção pelo coronavírus da síndrome respiratória aguda grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2) durante a infância e a adolescência. Fonte de dados: Revisão narrativa realiz...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical, demographic, anatomopathological, and molecular findings in patients with medulloblastoma treated in a single health facility
Conclusions: The clinical, demographic, anatomopathological, and molecular characteristics of patients with medulloblastoma described in the present study were mostly similar to those reported in the literature. Patients submitted to complete tumor resection had better clinical outcomes than those who underwent incomplete resection/biopsy. Patients classified as high-risk showed worse overall and event-free survival than those in the standard-risk group, and the presence of metastasis at diagnosis was associated with recurrence.RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as caracter ísticas clínicas, demográficas, anat...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Adolescent students' attitudes towards sexuality: the construction and validation of a scale
Conclusions: The psychometric adequacy of the E3AS for the Portuguese population allows us to affirm that it is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in future studies to assess the attitudes of adolescent students towards sexuality.RESUMO Objetivo: Construir uma escala de atitudes dos adolescentes em face da sexualidade e determinar as suas carater ísticas psicométricas. Métodos: Estudo metodológico realizado com 394 alunos do 8º ao 12º ano de escolaridade de uma escola da região Centro de Portugal que responderam a um questionário constituído da Escala...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Retreatment with surfactant in very low birth weight preterm infants: risk predictors and their influence on neonatal outcomes
ABSTRACT Objective: To assess clinical predictors and outcomes associated to the need for surfactant retreatment in preterm infants. Methods: Retrospective cohort study, including very low birth weight preterm infants from January 2006 to December 2015 who underwent surfactant replacement therapy. Beractant was used (100 mg/kg), repeated every six hours if FiO2 ≥ 0.40. The subjects were classified into two groups: single surfactant dose; and more than one dose (retreatment). We evaluated maternal and neonatal predictors for the need of retreatment and neonatal outcomes associated to retreatment. Results: A total of 605 ...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 17, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Phytosterol supplementation in the treatment of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents: a systematic review
Conclusions: Phytosterol supplementation seems to be of great therapeutic aid for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia in children and adolescents. Further studies assessing the long-term effect of phytosterol supplementation are necessary.RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar uma revis ão sistemática sobre os efeitos da suplementação de fitoesteróis no tratamento da dislipidemia em crianças e adolescentes. Fontes de dados: Revisão nos bancos SciELO, Lilacs, Bireme, Pubmed e Web of Science, sem limite de tempo. Descritores: phytosterols or plant sterols, dyslipidemias, hyp ercholestero...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Covid-19 social isolation in brazil: effects on the physical activity routine of families with children
Conclusions: The household routines of families during the period of social isolation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic confirm the general reduction tendency in PA time during childhood.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar como as fam ílias brasileiras com crianças abaixo de 13 anos enfrentam o período de distanciamento social decorrente da pandemia de COVID-19, principalmente no que diz respeito ao tempo gasto em atividade física (AF), atividade intelectual, brincadeiras, atividades ao ar livre e em tela. Métodos: Uma pes quisa on-line anônima foi lançada em 24 de março d...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 11, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Factors associated with food neophobia in children: systematic review
Conclusions: The factors associated with food neophobia permeate several areas of the child ’ s life, thus, interprofessional follow-up becomes essential in the intervention process.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os fatores associados à neofobia alimentar em crianças por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Fontes de dados: Esta pesquisa foi baseada nas recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, ScienceDirect e Scientific Electronic Lib rary Online (SciELO), com a conjugação dos...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Relations between asthma and obesity: an analysis of multiple factors
Conclusions: The degree of control of asthma was significantly lower in the obese group, regardless of the findings of no differences in spirometry. Extra-pulmonary factors could be responsible for this symptomatic profile. High positivity of skin test in both groups, which is considered a good marker of atopy, shows a preponderant atopic component in the genesis of asthma, both in children with obesity and in those within the normal weight status.RESUMO Objetivo: A asma e a obesidade s ão doenças prevalentes e inter-relacionadas. Na população pediátrica, o efeito da inflamaç&atild...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Does dental trauma in early childhood have the potential to affect the quality of life of children and families?
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of dental trauma on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children and their families. Methods: A total of 571 children aged five years were randomly selected at public schools. Trauma was clinically evaluated in accordance with the Andreasen classification. Caries experience in the anterior region and increased overjet were determined according to the World Health Organization criteria. The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) was answered by the parents and used to evaluate OHRQoL. In addition, this questionnaire has aspects related to socioeconomic sta...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Prevalence of overweight in adolescents from a Southern Brazilian city according to different anthropometric indexes
Conclusions: The prevalence of overweight was high among adolescents. The boys presented higher frequency of overweight, except if NC was used to classify them. Adolescents before somatic maturation had a higher prevalence of overweight. NC showed a lower ability to track obese adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a preval ência de excesso de peso em adolescentes de acordo com diferentes critérios de classificação de obesidade e estágios de maturação somática. Métodos: Estudo transversal em dez escolas de um município da região Sul do Brasil, c...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - November 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Violence against children and adolescents: notification and alert in times of pandemic
Conclusions: The society needs to be aware of possible cases of violence in the children and adolescent population. It is important to provide accessible, effective, and safe ways for complaints and notifications, as well as a quick response to the cases, aiming at protecting victims and minimizing damages to prevent the perpetuation of the violence.RESUMO Objetivo: O isolamento social é identificado, no momento, como a melhor forma para evitar o contágio pelo novo coronavírus. Porém, para alguns grupos sociais, como crianças e adolescentes, essa medida carrega uma contradiçã...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of postural education in elementary school children: a systematic review
Conclusions: The positive effects of acquired knowledge and postural habits found in the studies cannot be used to reliably support postural education in elementary school children due to a high risk of bias in the evaluated studies.RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os efeitos da educa ção postural na aprendizagem e nos hábitos posturais de crianças do ensino fundamental sem intervenção física. Métodos: Foram realizadas buscas nas bases de dados do PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, Cochrane e Science Direct e nas listas de referência dos estudos em fevereiro de 2020. Os crit&ea...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Assessment of eating behavior and food neophobia in children and adolescents from uberaba-mg
Conclusions: The study showed significant differences in some domains of eating behavior among children and adolescents of the sample; however, no differences were found regarding food neophobia. These results may contribute to the improvement of future interventions related to infant eating behavior and food neophobia.RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar e comparar o comportamento e a neofobia alimentares de crian ças e adolescentes de diferentes faixas etárias, índice de massa corporal/idade e sexo. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal, com amostra por conveniência, envolvendo 150 crian&cc...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical and epidemiological analysis of suicide attempts in children assisted by a poison control center
ABSTRACT Objective: To assess suicide attempts in children seeking care at a Poison Control Center. Methods: Cross-sectional study with children (
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Erratum
ABSTRACT Objective: To report a rare case of mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB in a pediatric patient, with emphasis on the description of the clinical manifestations and the early diagnosis. Case description: A 14-year-old male patient, who presented regression of neuropsychomotor development since his three years and six months old, with speech loss and frequent falls, evolving with behavioral changes, with agitation and aggressiveness. Although being diagnosed with autism, there was no response to the established treatment; he was subsequently submitted to metabolic investigation, which lead to the diagnosis of Mucopolysacchar...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Mucopolysacaridosis type iiib misdiagnosed as an autistic spectrum disorder: a case report and literature review
ABSTRACT Objective: To report a rare case of mucopolysaccharidosis IIIB in a pediatric patient, with emphasis on the description of the clinical manifestations and the early diagnosis. Case description: A 14-year-old male patient, who presented regression of neuropsychomotor development since his three years and six months old, with speech loss and frequent falls, evolving with behavioral changes, with agitation and aggressiveness. Although being diagnosed with autism, there was no response to the established treatment; he was subsequently submitted to metabolic investigation, which lead to the diagnosis of Mucopolysacchar...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Complementary feeding indicators for children aged 6 to 23 months according to breastfeeding status
Conclusions: Non-breastfed children have better complementary feeding status, but the indicator III takes into account non-breast milk as a meal for non-breastfed children, which increased the number of dairy meals and influenced indicator IV (calculated from indicators II and III).RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar se existem diferen ças entre os indicadores de alimentação complementar de crianças de 6 a 23 meses segundo o estado de amamentação. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado em 2012 com 1.355 crianças de 6 a 23 meses de idade com avaliação de cinco indi...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effects of physical exercise during hospitalization in children and adolescents with cancer: a systematic review
Conclusions: The findings suggest that. during hospitalization of children and adolescents with cancer, exercise improves muscle strength, physical fitness, and functionality.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os efeitos de programas de exerc ício físico durante a hospitalização de crianças e adolescentes com câncer. Fontes de dados: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática, realizada nas bases de dados PubMed/Sistema Online de Busca e Análise de Literatura Médica (MEDLINE), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs), Bibliote...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - October 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Early neonatal near miss in a university hospital: comparative cross-sectional study
ABSTRACT Objective: To compare 2012 and 2016 data on early neonatal near miss indicators from Health Information Systems at a university hospital. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2012 and 2016. We considered early neonatal near misses the live births that presented one of the following risk conditions at birth: gestational age
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - September 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Association between trouble sleeping and oral conditions among schoolchildren
ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems and its association with oral conditions in schoolchildren. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with a representative sample of 1,589 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years enrolled in public schools from Florian ópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Non-clinical data included a questionnaire about socioeconomic indicators answered by parents/guardians. Children were questioned about whether they had trouble sleeping due to dental problems and about previous history of toothache. Clinical oral examinations w...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - September 25, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The challenging and unpredictable spectrum of covid-19 in children and adolescents
(Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria)
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - September 7, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical-epidemiological relation between sars-cov-2 and kawasaki disease: an integrative literature
Conclusions: Pediatric COVID-19 and its potential association to severe KD, still unfamiliar to heal th professionals, reinforces the importance of testing patients with vasculitis for the new coronavirus and the need to wage high surveillance and preparation of the health system during the current pandemic.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a literatura cient ífica atual a fim de documentar, por meio de revisão integrativa, os principais achados que associam a doença de Kawasaki (DK) à doença do coronavírus (COVID-19). Fonte de dados: A busca ocorreu em junho de 2020, nas bases de dados: B...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - September 1, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of the reaction at the bacillus calmette-guÉrin vaccination site in kawasaki disease
ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the case of an infant - diagnosed with incomplete Kawasaki disease - who developed BCG scar reactivation. Case description: A 6-month-old patient was admitted to hospital with fever associated with ocular hyperemia, cervical lymphadenopathy, and hyperemic lips, and remained hospitalized for 12 days. The physical examination revealed an inflammatory reaction at the site of the BCG scar, leading to the diagnosis of incomplete Kawasaki disease. The patient was treated with venous immunoglobulin, but presented recurrence of Kawasaki disease, with subsequent onset of coronary artery disease. Comm...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Brazil’s progress in protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding from the perspective of the global breastfeeding collective
Conclusions: It is necessary to strengthen systematic monitoring of breastfeeding and following up current strategies to more effectively impact the breastfeeding rates in the country. Furthermore, it is suggested that the practice of donations is a pathway to be explored to support breastfeeding programs.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar e discutir o progresso das a ções para a proteção e a promoção do aleitamento materno no Brasil, bem como o apoio a ele, sob a perspectiva dos indicadores propostos pelo Global Breastfeeding Collective. Fontes de dados: Foi realizada uma revisão...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Ideal cardiovascular health status and health-related quality of life in adolescents: the labmed physical activity study
Conclusions: ICVH index was positively associated with HRQoL in adolescents. Ideal health behaviors metrics seem to have a stronger association with HRQoL than the ideal health factors metrics in adolescents.RESUMO Objetivo: O Índice de Saúde Cardiovascular Ideal (ISCI) do adolescente parece ser um importante indicador do estilo de vida e da saúde cardiometabólica dos jovens, com possíveis consequências positivas para a Qualidade de Vida Relacionada à Saúde (QVRS). O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as associaç ões do ISCI e da QVRS em adolescentes. M&e...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Reproducibility of physiological variables of the six-minute walk test in healthy students
Conclusions: The 6MWT showed reproducible values, both in performance and physiological parameters, in the healthy students analyzed.RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a reprodutibilidade do desempenho e das vari áveis fisiológicas do teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6) realizado por escolares saudáveis. Métodos: Estudo transversal prospectivo. A amostra foi composta de escolares saudáveis, entre 6 e 12 anos, provenientes de escolas públicas e privadas da Grande Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. A hig idez foi controlada por meio do recordatório de saúde, do question&aac...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Relationship between fiber intake and cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents with systemic lupus erythematosus
Conclusions: Low dietary fiber intake in adolesc ents with systemic lupus erythematosus juvenile is related to higher abdominal adiposity and consequently with increased cardiovascular risk.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o consumo de fibras e analisar a sua rela ção com os fatores de risco cardiovascular em adolescentes portadores de lúpus eritematoso sistêmico juvenil. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal em que foram avaliados adolescentes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico juvenil. O consumo alimentar foi avaliado pelo recordatório de 24 hor as; o estado nutricional, cl...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Translation and validation of the brazilian version of the “quality of life assessment in spina bifida” questionnaire for children and teenagers
Conclusions: After the adaptation and validation process, QUALAS-C and QUALAS-T questionnaires showed to be reliable and valid instruments for measuring the health-related quality of life of children and teenagers with spina bifida aged 8 years or older.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a confiabilidade e a validade do question ário QUALAS (Quality of Life Assessment in Spina Bifida) nas versões para crianças e adolescentes (QUALAS-C e QUALAS-T, respectivamente). Este é o primeiro instrumento autoaplicável de avaliação da qualidade de vida para pacientes menores de 13 anos e que tamb...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 28, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The therapeutic impact of probiotics on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in pediatrics: a systematic review
Conclusions: Probiotic therapy has contributed to the reduction of ALT serum levels in pediatric patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which is in line with results found by other authors in scientific literature. Regarding the secondary outcomes, the use of probiotics did not show benefits or damages compared to placebo.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos do uso de probi óticos em comparação com placebo, em pacientes pediátricos portadores de doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA), utilizando parâmetros laboratoriais e ultrassonográfic...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Adverse events related to mechanical ventilation in a pediatric intensive care unit
Conclusions: The results of the present study show a significant number of preventable adverse events, especially stridor after extubation and accidental extubation. The higher frequency of these events is associated with longer hospitalization.RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar a preval ência e os fatores associados a eventos adversos (EA) relacionados à ventilação mecânica (VM) invasiva em pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica (UTIP) de hospital público terciário. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado entre julho de 2016 e junho ...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Physical activity, screen time, nutritional status and sleep in adolescents in northeast brazil
ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the prevalence of sleep quality and duration and its association with the level of physical activity, screen time and nutritional status in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 1,432 adolescents (53.1%, female), ten to 14 years old (12.0 ±1.0 year) from public schools in Joao Pessoa, Northeast Brazil. Physical activity ( ≥ 300 vs.2 h/day) and duration (
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Puberty in a sample of brazilian schoolboys: onset and anthropometric characteristics
ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the age of puberty onset in boys and collect anthropometric data of participants at different puberty stages. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that assessed 430 boys in a random sample representing 48,390 students from public and private schools from the city of Uberaba, Southeast Brazil. The inclusion criteria were males, aged between 5 and 18 years, and absence of previous diseases. Participants and their guardians filled a semistructured questionnaire with questions relevant to their and their parents ’ puberty. We set the significance at p
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Birth weight, weight gain, and obesity among children in uruguay: a prospective study since birth
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that ensuring optimal birth weight and monitoring and controlling posterior weight gain represent the first steps toward primary prevention of childhood obesity.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o efeito do peso ao nascer e do ganho ponderal subsequente em crian ças com sobrepeso e obesidade com base em avaliações consecutivas de crianças uruguaias vivendo em áreas urbanas. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados secundários de medidas antropométricas pediátricas, além de características de saúde e socioeconômicas de...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Variables involved in the management of school bullying: a bayesian network analysis
Conclusions: The understanding and recognition of bullying was given by a few interviewees. All managers reported similar management actions in the cases. Given the scarcity of studies on bullying management in schools, more studies in this area could improve the approach of cases and contribute to their reduction.RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o gerenciamento de conflitos do tipo bullying pelos gestores de escolas de ensino fundamental. M étodos: Pesquisa descritiva e exploratória realizada por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 17 orientadores de escolas escolhidas aleatoriamente de um município do ...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 27, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Quality of life of mothers of children with congenital syndrome affected by zika virus
Conclusions: Mothers of children with congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus are devoted to their children ’ s care. Their lack of prospects was considered a consequence of the lack of time for activities of daily living and leisure.RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a percep ção da qualidade de vida das mães de crianças portadoras de síndrome congênita (microcefalia) associada ao Zika vírus. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo realizado em duas etapas. A primeira foi conduzida no Hospital Universitário Materno-Infantil e a segunda na Casa de Apoio...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 22, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Evidence of the association between sleep duration and blood pressure in adolescents: a systematic review
Conclusions: Sleep duration, especially short duration, is associated with high blood pressure in adolescents. Such evidence draws attention to implications on cardiovascular health in this age group.RESUMO Objetivo: Discutir as principais evid ências epidemiológicas da associação entre duração do sono e pressão arterial em adolescentes relatadas na literatura científica. Fonte de dados: Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática de estudos observacionais nas bases de dados do Sistema Online de Busca e Análise de Literatura Médica (MEDLINE), Scop...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Effect of pasteurization on the antioxidant and oxidant properties of human milk
Conclusions: This data showed that human m ilk has an important antioxidant activity and that the pasteurizing process does not influence the antioxidant capacity, avoiding the peroxidation of breast milk lipids and the formation of advanced protein oxidation products.RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da pasteuriza ção nas propriedades antioxidantes e oxidantes do leite humano. Métodos: Foram utilizadas 42 amostras de leite cru e após a pasteurização, para avaliação da atividade antioxidante pelos métodos da capacidade redutora do ferro e sequestro dos radicais...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research