Obesity and risk of end-stage renal disease in patients with chronic kidney disease: a cohort study.

Conclusions: Obesity did not confer an increased risk of ESRD in patients with moderate to advanced CKD. This trial was registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03285074. PMID: 30321257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that the prevalence of IDH is lower than 12% for both the EBPG and the Nadir #x3c;90 definition which is much lower than stated in most reviews.Am J Nephrol 2019;49:497 –506
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Gameiro J, Ibeas J Abstract Vascular access dysfunction is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis patients, contributing to up to one third of hospitalisations and accounting for a significant amount of the health care costs of these patients. In the past decades, significant scientific advances in understanding mechanisms of arteriovenous fistula maturation and failure have contributed to an increase in the amount of research into techniques for creation and strategies for arteriovenous fistula dysfunction prevention and treatment, in order to improve patient care and...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Invited Commentaries Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Invited Commentaries Source Type: research
Portal hypertension (PHT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric liver diseases. Thus, research into causes and disease modifiers in PHT in these conditions is vitally important. PHT is rarely directly or indirectly measured in the assessment of children with chronic liver disease. A straightforward, reproducible definition of PHT could be invaluable for consistently identifying patients with PHT and for grouping these patients according to their risk of complications from their disease. We propose the term Clinically Evident Portal Hypertension (CEPH) to denote clinical findings that demonstrate evidence...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Special Feature Source Type: research
This article will review briefly the physiology of pancreatic enzyme secretion and the role of stimulated endoscopic testing for assessing exocrine pancreatic function. Published studies in both the pediatric and adult literature are reviewed. The technique and utility of endoscopic pancreatic function testing as the method of choice in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic disorders in childhood is described. Finally, emerging, clinically useful markers that can be measured in the pancreatic fluid will be described.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: Personalized images of fatty liver were effective visualization tools for parents/caretakers to comprehend NAFLD and comprehension was not compromised by health literacy. Clear visual instruments may improve parent/caretaker comprehension of these conditions and may help to address deficiencies in health literacy.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
This study's objective was to use free-breathing MRI to quantify visceral and subcutaneous fat volumes and PDFFs and correlate these measurements with hepatic PDFF. Methods: This was an observational, hypothesis-forming study that enrolled 2 groups of children (ages 6–17 years), healthy children and overweight children with presumed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Free-breathing MRI was used to measure visceral and subcutaneous fat volumes and PDFFs, and hepatic PDFF. Imaging biomarkers were compared between groups, and correlations coefficients (r) and coefficients of determination (R2) were calculated. Result...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
This study represents the findings of the whole country for more than 10 years. It showed that only a small percentage of patients with DM undergo kidney biopsy. These patients have many clinical and laboratory abnormalities including those of specific immuno-logical investigations. Progression of DM nephropathy seems to be further aggravated by many coexisting risk factors of dyslipidemia and/or obesity. The prevalence of non-DKD is remarkably frequent in diabetics in whom nephrologists should consider kidney biopsy as an appropriate measure to enable better management. PMID: 30588959 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MS) is characterized by a combination of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and alterations in glucose homeostasis). Insulin resistance is suggested to be the common pathogenic background. This syndrome is also a risk factor for diabetes and chronic kidney disease. In renal transplant recipients, MS has been shown to be an independent risk factor for chronic allograft dysfunction, graft failure, new-onset diabetes, and CV disease. We performed a cross-sectional study on 106 stable renal transplant recipients to detect MS between January 2013 and Augu...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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