Effects of perioperative intravenous ω-3 fatty acids in colon cancer patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: In the n-3 PUFA group a clear relation with serum and LPS-stimulated cytokines was not found but, unexpectedly, more infectious complications occurred. Caution is thus required with the off-label use of a perioperative intravenous n-3 PUFA emulsion as a standalone infusion in the time sequence reported in the present study in colon resections with primary anastomosis. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02231203. PMID: 31826232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bakker N, van den Helder RS, Stoutjesdijk E, van Pelt J, Houdijk APJ Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Intake of vitamin D and calcium, sun exposure, and risk of breast cancer subtypes among black women.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate supplemental vitamin D intake was associated with decreased risk of TNBC, and increased sun exposure was associated with reduced risk of ER+, ER-, and TNBC among black women. PMID: 31826233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin B, Xu B, Ji N, Yao S, Pawlish K, Llanos AAM, Lin Y, Demissie K, Ambrosone CB, Hong CC, Bandera EV Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Brown adipose tissue volume and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake are not associated with energy intake in young human adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Neither BAT volume, nor BAT 18F-FDG uptake after cold stimulation, are related to appetite regulation in young adults. These results suggest BAT plays no important role in the regulation of energy intake in humans.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02365129. PMID: 31826235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sanchez-Delgado G, Acosta FM, Martinez-Tellez B, Finlayson G, Gibbons C, Labayen I, Llamas-Elvira JM, Gil A, Blundell JE, Ruiz JR Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal MTNR1B genotype, maternal gestational weight gain, and childhood obesity.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Maternal metabolic abnormalities have been related to offspring obesity especially during childhood. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed whether the gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)-associated melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B) genotype of mothers modified the relation between maternal gestational weight gain and childhood obesity. METHODS: A total of 1114 Chinese mother-child pairs (mothers with or without prior GDM) were included. Mothers' MTNR1B rs10830962 genotype and gestational weight gain were assessed. Indicators of childhood obesity included BMI-for-age z-score, weight-for-age z-score, w...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liang Z, Liu H, Wang L, Chen Y, Zhou T, Heianza Y, Li W, Leng J, Wang J, Gao R, Hu G, Qi L Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Cumulative sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher concentrations of circulating ceramides in the Framingham Offspring Cohort.
We examined participants from the Framingham Heart Study's Offspring Cohort who had 3 ceramides measured (n  = 1561, mean age 66 y, 59% women). SSB consumption was measured 4 times over ∼14 y. Participants were categorized by cumulative SSB intake as nonconsumers (0 to
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Walker ME, Xanthakis V, Moore LL, Vasan RS, Jacques PF Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Maternal dietary inflammatory potential and quality are associated with offspring asthma risk over 10-year follow-up: the Lifeways Cross-Generation Cohort Study.
ps CM Abstract BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common childhood chronic health condition. Maternal antenatal diet has been associated with offspring asthma risk, but studies investigating maternal whole diet quality and inflammatory potential with long-term offspring follow-up (>5 y) are rare. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to elucidate these associations in a prospective cohort study in Ireland. METHODS: Early pregnancy diets were assessed using a validated FFQ from which energy-adjusted Dietary Inflammatory Index (E-DII) and Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015 scores were computed. Doctor-diagnosed offspring asthm...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chen LW, Lyons B, Navarro P, Shivappa N, Mehegan J, Murrin CM, Hébert JR, Phillips CM Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The role of the gut microbiome in the association between habitual anthocyanin intake and visceral abdominal fat in population-level analysis.
ssidy A Abstract BACKGROUND: Flavonoid intake modifies the composition of the gut microbiome, which contributes to the metabolism of flavonoids. Few studies have examined the contribution of the gut microbiome to the health benefits associated with flavonoid intake. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to examine associations between habitual intakes of flavonoid subclasses and MRI-determined visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) adipose tissue. Uniquely, we also identified associations between the aforementioned measurements and gut microbiome composition sequenced from 16S ribosomal RNA genes. METHODS: We undertook cr...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Jennings A, Koch M, Jensen MK, Bang C, Kassubek J, Müller HP, Nöthlings U, Franke A, Lieb W, Cassidy A Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Metabolic effects of a prolonged, very-high-dose dietary fructose challenge in healthy subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion of a high dose of fructose for 8 wk was not associated with relevant metabolic consequences in the presence of a stable energy intake, slightly lower body weight, and potentially incomplete absorption of the orally administered fructose load. This indicated that young, metabolically healthy subjects can at least temporarily compensate for increased fructose intake. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02075164. PMID: 31796953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 4, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smajis S, Gajdošík M, Pfleger L, Traussnigg S, Kienbacher C, Halilbasic E, Ranzenberger-Haider T, Stangl A, Beiglböck H, Wolf P, Lamp T, Hofer A, Gastaldelli A, Barbierri C, Luger A, Trattnig S, Kautzky-Willer A, Krššák M, Trauner M, Krebs M Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Adjusting nutrition intake exposure variables for body weight.
PMID: 31788691 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Greenberg JA Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Statistical models in nutritional epidemiology: more focus on the interpretation and argumentation for variable selection.
PMID: 31788692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ibsen DB, Jakobsen MU, Overvad K Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Response to "Metabolic adaptation is not observed after 8 weeks of overfeeding but energy expenditure variability is associated with weight recovery".
Response to "Metabolic adaptation is not observed after 8 weeks of overfeeding but energy expenditure variability is associated with weight recovery". Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Dec 01;110(6):1513 Authors: Halpern B PMID: 31788693 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Halpern B Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to J Greenberg and D Ibsen et al.
PMID: 31788694 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brouwer-Brolsma EM, Raben A, Feskens EJM Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to B Halpern.
PMID: 31788695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Marlatt KL, Ravussin E Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The association of fish consumption and its urinary metabolites with cardiovascular risk factors: the International Study of Macro-/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP).
Abstract BACKGROUND: Results from observational studies regarding associations between fish (including shellfish) intake and cardiovascular disease risk factors, including blood pressure (BP) and BMI, are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of fish consumption and associated urinary metabolites with BP and BMI in free-living populations. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the International Study of Macro-/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP), including 4680 men and women (40-59 y) from Japan, China, the United Kingdom, and United States. Dietary intakes were assessed by f...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gibson R, Lau CE, Loo RL, Ebbels TMD, Chekmeneva E, Dyer AR, Miura K, Ueshima H, Zhao L, Daviglus ML, Stamler J, Van Horn L, Elliott P, Holmes E, Chan Q Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories (INSIGHT) responsive parenting intervention for firstborns impacts feeding of secondborns.
CONCLUSIONS: RP guidance given to mothers of FBs may prevent the use of some nonresponsive, controlling feeding practices while establishing consistent feeding routines in subsequent siblings. PMID: 31782493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ruggiero CF, Hohman EE, Birch LL, Paul IM, Savage JS Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Comparative effects of different types of tree nut consumption on blood lipids: a network meta-analysis of clinical trials.
CONCLUSIONS: The pistachio-enriched and walnut-enriched diet could be better alternatives for lowering TGs, LDL cholesterol, and TC compared with other nut-enriched diets included in this study. The findings warrant further evaluation by more high-quality studies.This network meta-analysis was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO as CRD42019131128. PMID: 31773150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Liu K, Hui S, Wang B, Kaliannan K, Guo X, Liang L Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of the impact of bovine milk β-casein variants on digestive comfort in females self-reporting dairy intolerance: a randomized controlled trial.
We examined whether there are distinct symptoms of digestive discomfort due to either lactose or differing bovine β-casein types. METHODS: Women (n = 40; age: 25.2 ± 0.5 y) with self-reported varying dairy tolerance underwent a 50-g lactose challenge. Based on postchallenge LM and digestive discomfort, participants were classified as either lactose intolerant (LI; n = 10, self-reported intolerant, diagnosed lactose intolerant), nonlactose dairy intolerant (NLDI; n = 20, self-reported intolerant, diagnosed lactose tolerant), or dairy tolerant (DT; n  = 10, self-r...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Milan AM, Shrestha A, Karlström HJ, Martinsson JA, Nilsson NJ, Perry JK, Day L, Barnett MPG, Cameron-Smith D Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Drug-nutrient interactions: discovering prescription drug inhibitors of the thiamine transporter ThTR-2 (SLC19A3).
CONCLUSIONS: Our comprehensive analysis of prescription drugs suggests that several marketed drugs inhibit ThTR-2, which may contribute to thiamine deficiency, especially in at-risk populations. PMID: 31764942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Vora B, Green EAE, Khuri N, Ballgren F, Sirota M, Giacomini KM Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Lessons from application of data science strategies in nutritional research.
PMID: 31764951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kaput J Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary phenylalanine requirements during early and late gestation in healthy pregnant women.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest a higher requirement (40%) for phenylalanine during late pregnancy than during early pregnancy. Moreover, the early pregnancy requirements are higher than the previous adult male requirement (9.1 mg · kg-1 · d-1; 95% CI: 4.6, 13.6 mg · kg-1 · d-1), although the 95% CIs overlap. Both DAAO and IAAO methods provided similar breakpoints in late pregnancy, showing that the DAAO method was appropriate even though low phenylalanine intakes could not be tested. These results have potential implications for gestation stage-specific dietary phenylalanine recommendations in...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ennis MA, Rasmussen BF, Lim K, Ball RO, Pencharz PB, Courtney-Martin G, Elango R Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Modeling of an integrative prototype based on genetic, phenotypic, and environmental information for personalized prescription of energy-restricted diets in overweight/obese subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: Different genetic, phenotypic, and exogenous factors predict BMI decreases depending on the administration of a hypocaloric MHP diet or an LF diet. This holistic approach may help to personalize dietary advice for the management of excessive body weight using precision nutrition variables.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02737267. PMID: 31751449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ramos-Lopez O, Cuervo M, Goni L, Milagro FI, Riezu-Boj JI, Martinez JA Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Early enteral nutrition in patients with severe traumatic brain injury: a propensity score-matched analysis using a nationwide inpatient database in Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: Early EN may not reduce mortality, but may reduce nosocomial pneumonia in patients with severe TBI. PMID: 31751450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ohbe H, Jo T, Matsui H, Fushimi K, Yasunaga H Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Red and processed meat: more with less?
PMID: 31740926 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Neuhouser ML Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Intestinal sensing and handling of dietary lipids in gastric bypass-operated patients and matched controls.
We examined the impact of olive oil (20 mL) and its derivates, LCFAs and 2-OG, on enteroendocrine secretions [glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), cholecystokinin (CCK), peptide YY (PYY), and neurotensin (NT)] and on glucose, lipid, and bile acid metabolism in RYGB-operated and unoperated individuals. METHODS: In an exploratory randomized crossover design, 10 RYGB-operated patients and 10 matched controls ingested 3 equimolar triacylglycerol formulations on separate days: olive oil (digested to 2-OG + LCFAs), C8-dietary oil (2-OG + MCFAs), and tricapr...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Martinussen C, Dirksen C, Bojsen-Møller KN, Svane MS, Carlsson ER, Hartmann B, Clausen TR, Veedfald S, Kristiansen VB, Rehfeld JF, Hansen HS, Holst JJ, Madsbad S Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Serum magnesium and risk of coronary artery disease: are there implications for dietary interventions?
PMID: 31732727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: van Dam RM Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The significance of tryptophan metabolism and vitamin B-6 status in cardiovascular disease.
PMID: 31724698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gostner JM, Kurz K, Fuchs D Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Association between sustainable dietary patterns and body weight, overweight, and obesity risk in the NutriNet-Sant é prospective cohort.
Association between sustainable dietary patterns and body weight, overweight, and obesity risk in the NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Nov 14;: Authors: Seconda L, Egnell M, Julia C, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Pointereau P, Lairon D, Allès B, Kesse-Guyot E Abstract BACKGROUND: Improving the sustainability of current food systems may prevent future public health, environmental, and social concerns. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the associations between sustainable dietary patterns, assessed using the Sustainable Diet Index (SDI), and the risk of obesi...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seconda L, Egnell M, Julia C, Touvier M, Hercberg S, Pointereau P, Lairon D, Allès B, Kesse-Guyot E Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Randomized placebo-controlled study of the memory effects of pomegranate juice in middle-aged and older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Daily consumption of pomegranate juice may stabilize the ability to learn visual information over a 12-mo period. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02093130. PMID: 31711104 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Siddarth P, Li Z, Miller KJ, Ercoli LM, Merril DA, Henning SM, Heber D, Small GW Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Using compositional principal component analysis to describe children's gut microbiota in relation to diet and body composition.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that specific gut microbiota components determined using compositional PCA are associated with diet and BMI z-score.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00892983. PMID: 31711093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Leong C, Haszard JJ, Heath AM, Tannock GW, Lawley B, Cameron SL, Szymlek-Gay EA, Gray AR, Taylor BJ, Galland BC, Lawrence JA, Otal A, Hughes A, Taylor RW Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Tea consumption and risk of stroke in Chinese adults: a prospective cohort study of 0.5 million men and women.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Many cohort studies have explored the relation between tea consumption and stroke risk; however, the conclusions have been inconsistent. In addition, evidence is lacking in China, where the patterns of tea consumption and main types of tea consumed differ substantially from those in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically assess the association of tea consumption with the risk of stroke based on a Chinese large-scale cohort study. METHODS: A total of 487,377 participants from the China Kadoorie Biobank were included in the present study. Detailed information abou...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 11, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tian T, Lv J, Jin G, Yu C, Guo Y, Bian Z, Yang L, Chen Y, Shen H, Chen Z, Hu Z, Li L, China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Intact and hydrolyzed casein lead to similar ileal endogenous protein and amino acid flows in adult humans.
CONCLUSIONS: The 3 different forms of dietary AA delivery (free AAs, HC, or C) elicited similar ileal endogenous AA flows in the adult human.This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00873951. PMID: 31711108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Deglaire A, Moughan PJ, Airinei G, Benamouzig R, Tomé D Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary sugars and cardiometabolic risk factors: a network meta-analysis on isocaloric substitution interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that substitution of sucrose and fructose with starch yielded lower LDL cholesterol. Insulin resistance and uric acid concentrations were beneficially affected by replacement of fructose with glucose. Our findings are limited by the very low to moderate certainty of evidence. This review was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero as CRD42018080297. PMID: 31711109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Schwingshackl L, Neuenschwander M, Hoffmann G, Buyken AE, Schlesinger S Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Lipid-based nutrient supplements and all-cause mortality in children 6-24 months of age: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: LNS provided for the prevention of undernutrition may reduce the risk of mortality, but more trials with appropriate comparison groups allowing isolation of the effect of LNS alone are needed.This study was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO as CRD42019128718. PMID: 31697329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Stewart CP, Wessells KR, Arnold CD, Huybregts L, Ashorn P, Becquey E, Humphrey JH, Dewey KG Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Corrigendum to: Blueberries improve biomarkers of cardiometabolic function in participants with metabolic syndrome-results from a 6-month, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2019;109:1535-45.
Authors: PMID: 31667509 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Environmental enteric dysfunction: a socioeconomic problem looking for a medical solution?
PMID: 31667510 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sullivan PB Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Methodological error in measurement of energy expenditure by the doubly labeled water method: much ado about nothing?
PMID: 31667511 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ludwig DS, Ebbeling CB, Wong JMW, Wolfe RR, Wong WW Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The iodine nutritional status in the Italian population: data from the Italian National Observatory for Monitoring Iodine Prophylaxis (OSNAMI) (period 2015-2019).
sse S PMID: 31667512 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Olivieri A, Andò S, Bagnasco M, Meringolo D, Mian C, Moleti M, Puxeddu E, Regalbuto C, Taccaliti A, Tanda ML, Tonacchera M, Ulisse S Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Is a high workload an unaccounted confounding factor in the relation between heavy coffee consumption and cardiovascular disease risk?
PMID: 31667513 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Atroszko PA Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Protein intake in young children and later health: importance of the time window for programming adiposity.
PMID: 31667514 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rolland-Cachera MF, Michaelsen KF Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to PA Atroszko.
n E PMID: 31667515 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhou A, Hyppönen E Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to MF Rolland-Cachera and KF Michaelsen.
PMID: 31667516 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Switkowski KM, Jacques PF, Must A, Fleisch A, Oken E Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to DS Ludwig et al.
PMID: 31667517 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hall KD, Guo J, Chen KY, Leibel RL, Reitman ML, Rosenbaum M, Smith SR, Ravussin E Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Reply to A Olivieri et al.
PMID: 31667518 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Campanozzi A, Macchia PE, De Filippo G, Strazzullo P Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Short-term dietary reduction of branched-chain amino acids reduces meal-induced insulin secretion and modifies microbiome composition in type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled crossover trial.
di J, Roden M Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that increased circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This may result from altered energy metabolism or dietary habits. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a lower intake of BCAAs improves tissue-specific insulin sensitivity. METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, crossover trial examined well-controlled T2D patients receiving isocaloric diets (protein: 1 g/kg body weight) for 4 wk. Protein requirements were covered by commercially available fo...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karusheva Y, Koessler T, Strassburger K, Markgraf D, Mastrototaro L, Jelenik T, Simon MC, Pesta D, Zaharia OP, Bódis K, Bärenz F, Schmoll D, Wolkersdorfer M, Tura A, Pacini G, Burkart V, Müssig K, Szendroedi J, Roden M Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Dietary quality among children from 6 months to 4 years, NHANES 2011-2016.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The US Dietary Guidelines for Americans provide dietary recommendations for individuals aged ≥2 y and metrics exist to assess alignment. Nonfederal feeding recommendations exist for children
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hamner HC, Moore LV Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Knowledge and debate in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: new sections, new science, and looking forward and outward.
PMID: 31665209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Duggan CP, Brennan L, Christian P, Fanzo J, Ludwig DS, Editors of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of teduglutide in adult patients with short bowel syndrome: Markov modeling using traditional cost-effectiveness criteria.
CONCLUSIONS: Teduglutide does not meet a traditional cost-effectiveness threshold as treatment for PN reduction in adult patients with short bowel syndrome compared with standard intestinal rehabilitation. Subpopulations that demonstrate maximum benefit could be cost-saving, and complete nonuse could lead to financial loss. Teduglutide becomes economically reasonable only if its cost is substantially reduced. PMID: 31665212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Raghu VK, Binion DG, Smith KJ Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Pregnancy after bariatric surgery: a growing challenge in feto-maternal medicine.
CS PMID: 31665198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eppel D, Göbl CS Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

Should formula for infants provide arachidonic acid along with DHA? A position paper of the European Academy of Paediatrics and the Child Health Foundation.
V, Ramakrishan U, Smuts CM, Strain SJJ, Tanjung C, Tounian P, Carlson SE Abstract Recently adopted regulatory standards on infant and follow-on formula for the European Union stipulate that from February 2020 onwards, all such products marketed in the European Union must contain 20-50 mg omega-3 DHA (22:6n-3) per 100 kcal, which is equivalent to about 0.5-1% of fatty acids (FAs) and thus higher than typically found in human milk and current infant formula products, without the need to also include ω-6 arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4n-6). This novel concept of infant formula composition has given rise to concern a...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 26, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Koletzko B, Bergmann K, Brenna JT, Calder PC, Campoy C, Clandinin MT, Colombo J, Daly M, Decsi T, Demmelmair H, Domellöf M, FidlerMis N, Gonzalez-Casanova I, van Goudoever JB, Hadjipanayis A, Hernell O, Lapillonne A, Mader S, Martin CR, Matthäus V, Rama Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The pain of weight gain: self-experimentation with overfeeding.
This article chronicles the experience of the author with acute weight gain while overfeeding, in the context of current obesity research, and presents a glimpse of things to come. The pain associated with acute overeating is illustrated by the firsthand experience of the author. The rapid return to normal weight contrasts with the difficulty that almost all people with obesity experience when they attempt to lose and maintain weight loss. Contrasting the response to overfeeding of individuals who are "resistant" to obesity with those who are obesity prone provides an avenue for unraveling the difficulties people...
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - October 22, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bray GA Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research