Red Cell Distribution Width as a Prognostic Marker in Patients Undergoing Valve Surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: An elevated RDW is associated with a worse outcome following valve surgery. The predictive ability of the RDW, when assessed by the area under the ROC curve, improved the predictive ability of the EuroSCORE II calculator. PMID: 30207123 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Heart Valve Disease - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Heart Valve Dis Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Riccardo Giannini, Gemma Zucchelli, Mirella Giordano, Clara Ugolini, Roberto Moretto, Katarzyna Ambryszewska, Michele Leonardi, Elisa Sensi, Federica Morano, Filippo Pietrantonio, Chiara Cremolini, Alfredo Falcone, Gabriella Fontanini
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study aimed to define the effects of LSZ on proinflammatory mediators and neuroprotective effects on middle cerebral artery occlusion and refusion (MCAO/R) rats. Rats were treated with different doses of LSZ (0.54, 1.62, and 4.32 g/(kg·d)) in a week after model building. LSZ could improve the survival rate, ischemic stroke outcome, and infarct volume. In addition, significant decrease was observed in reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and inflammatory factor levels in LSZ-treated groups, concomitant with increase in activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), neurosynaptic remodeling, and decrease in bra...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ma W, Wang W, Huang X, Yao G, Jia Q, Shen J, Ouyang H, Chang Y, He J Abstract Red ginseng is often combined with Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata to reduce alkaloids-related toxicity of the latter. Such herb-pairing also results in better therapeutic effect in heart failure, as compared to the singular use of either herb. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata and its combination with red ginseng on the activities of CYP450 enzymes in rats. A sensitive and reliable HPLC-MS/MS method was established and validated for the simultaneous determination of ...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Patients with diabetes are vulnerable to myocardial I/R (ischaemia/reperfusion) injury, but are not responsive to IPO (ischaemic post-conditioning). We hypothesized that decreased cardiac Adiponectin (APN) is responsible for the loss of diabetic heart sensitivity to IPO cardioprotecton. METHODS: Diabetic rats were subjected to I/R injury (30 min of LAD occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion). Myocardial infarct area was determined by TTC staining. Cardiac function was monitored by a microcatheter. ANP, 15-F2t-isoprostane, nitrotyrosine and MDA were measured by assay kits. Levels of p-A...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the local effect of simvastatin (SVT) combined with deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate biphasic ceramics (HA/TCP) and with collagen sponge (CS) on bone repair in critical size defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria. METHODS: Forty-two 5-mm diameter CSDs were made bilaterally in the calvaria of 18 rats. The animals were allocated according to the type of biomaterial and associations used to fill the CSD. After 8 weeks, the animals were euthanized, and their calvaria were evaluated for repaired tissue composition using histologic and histometric...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Ling-shu WANG, Guan-nan LI, Xue-tong GU, Yuan-yuan BI, Chun-yu ZHANG
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: JACC: Heart FailureAuthor(s): William T. Abraham, Mona Fiuzat, Mitchell A. Psotka, Christopher M. O’Connor
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
European Journal of Heart Failure, EarlyView.
Source: European Journal of Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Comment Source Type: research
Abstract The heterogeneity of macrophages promotes renal fibrosis and plays an important role in the repair of kidney damage. The "microinflammation state" is closely related to accelerated mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between microinflammation and macrophage polarization in CKD. The levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in peripheral blood of 30 non-dialysis CKD-5 patients (CKD group) and 20 healthy subjects (Con group) were measure...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MiR-144 regulates proliferation and apoptosis of HG-induced AC16 cardiomyocytes through targeting the CTRP3/JNK signaling pathway, providing a novel avenue for treatment of DCM. PMID: 32211094 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Int J Clin Exp Pathol Source Type: research
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