Global Warming Threatens Europe ’ s Public Health
Parched olive groves in northern Croatia, where West Nile Virus has already claimed one victim this year. West Nile Virus infections have sharply increased in Europe this year, the World Health Organisation says, largely due to a longer transmission season in the region which this year saw high temperatures and extended rainy spells followed by dry weather, helping mosquito breeding and propagation. Credit: Ed Holt/IPSBy Ed HoltVIENNA, Sep 13 2018 (IPS)Climate change and health experts are warning of the growing threat to public health in Europe from global warming as rising temperatures help potentially lethal diseases spread easily across the continent.This summer Europe has had to contend with record temperatures, drought, and destructive storms caused by heat and wildfires as forests in turn are left parched.It has also, though, seen a spike in cases of the West Nile Virus – which by early September had claimed 71 lives – and the dramatic spread of the potentially lethal vibrio bacteria in an exceptionally warm Baltic Sea. The West Nile Virus is a viral infection spread by mosquitos and can cause neurological disease and death. Various species of vibrio bacteria cause Vibriosis, which can sometimes lead to deadly skin infections or gastrointestinal disease.“We need to think about preventing health problems by dealing with the causes of climate change itself.” -- Anne Stauffer, Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL).And there have been warnings that...
Abstract Whooping cough also called Pertussis is a highly contagious respiratory infection that affects all age populations. Given recent pertussis outbreaks, there is an urgent need for a point-of-care (POC) device for rapid diagnosis of pertussis. Herein, we report a low-cost microfluidic POC device integrated with loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique for the rapid and accurate diagnosis of pertussis. The 3D-printed bioanalyzer housed not only the biochip but also an in-house-developed portable and fully battery-powered heater for rapid POC detection of pertussis, without the need of external ...
(Queensland University of Technology) Researchers in Australia at Queensland University of Technology (QUT) and QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute have found that the dengue fever mosquito common to north and central Queensland poses the greatest danger of spreading the Zika virus in Australia.The researchers showed that not only was the dengue mosquito effective at transmitting Zika, the virus was also in the mosquitoes' reproductive organs. This finding suggests that Zika could persist in mosquito populations by females passing it to their offspring.
(University of British Columbia) Mice have a strong preference to nest away from their own waste, UBC research has found. The study showed that mice who were housed in a system of three interconnected cages used separate cages for nesting and eliminating waste. Typically, laboratories house mice in close proximity with their excrement. The study suggests this compromises their welfare and may also negatively affect research data.
626 people have been infected this year, the highest number since 2014, when 667 infections were recorded. Most of the new infections (68) were in New York state, which has two current outbreaks.
The United States recorded 71 new measles cases last week, a 13 percent increase as the country faces its second-worst outbreak of the disease in almost two decades, federal health officials said on Monday.
van Ilioara Oniga Several Ajuga species are used in Romanian folk medicine for their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, to treat pain, fever or arthritis. Still, the active compounds responsible for these effects and their mechanism of action are scarcely known. This research was designed to investigate the phytochemical profile (e.g. iridoids, polyphenolic compounds, phytosterols), as well as the biological potential (antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory properties) of two selected Ajuga species collected from different regions of Romanian spontaneous flora. The main co...
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 373: Inflammatory and Humoral Immune Response during Ebola Virus Infection in Survivor and Fatal Cases Occurred in Sierra Leone during the 2014–2016 Outbreak in West Africa Viruses doi: 10.3390/v11040373 Authors: Francesca Colavita Mirella Biava Concetta Castilletti Simone Lanini Rossella Miccio Gina Portella Francesco Vairo Giuseppe Ippolito Maria Rosaria Capobianchi Antonino Di Caro Eleonora Lalle Ebola virus (EBOV) infection is characterized by an excessive inflammatory response, a loss of lymphocytes and a general paralysis of the immune system, however pathophy...
Poor outcome in hypoxic endometrial carcinoma is related to vascular density, Published online: 23 April 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0461-2Poor outcome in hypoxic endometrial carcinoma is related to vascular density
Comment on ‘Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis’Comment on ‘Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis’, Published online: 23 April 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0459-9Comment on ‘Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis’
Reply to ‘Comment on “Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis”’Reply to ‘Comment on “Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis”’, Published online: 23 April 2019; doi:10.1038/s41416-019-0460-3Reply to ‘Comment on “Tissue-infiltrating immune cells as prognostic markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis”’
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