Sickle-cell disease in febrile children living in a rural village of Madagascar and association with malaria and respiratory infections
ConclusionThe prevalence of SCD among under-five children presenting with fever was high in the study population. No association was found between SCT and malaria but few viruses, especially parechovirus, seem to play an important role in the occurrence of pneumoniae among SCD patients.
Authors: Ogunwale AO, Oshiname FO, Ajagunna FO Abstract Rape is an endemic criminal sexual behaviour in Nigeria and its perpetration not only violates survivors' dignity but also compromises their health and wellbeing. The rape-related data used in this traditional literature review are derived mainly from small-scale surveys conducted in Nigeria. The deviant behaviour could be perpetrated against both males and females of various socio-demographic characteristics; however, it is young females that are disproportionately more affected. The determinants of rape include factors that are associated with adverse social...
As governments around the world try to turn the tide on the spread of COVID-19, doctors are wondering if the disease will truly be eradicated or if we’ll see it become endemic, a seasonal infection like the flu and common cold.
A study of 62 seriously ill coronavirus patients in Renmin Hospital, Wuhan, found that giving them hydroxychloroquine healed their fevers and coughs faster than standard treatment.
We describe, date, and contextualize the discovery of two hominin crania from Drimolen Main Quarry in South Africa. At ~2.04 million to 1.95 million years old, DNH 152 represents the earliest definitive occurrence of Paranthropus robustus, and DNH 134 represents the earliest occurrence of a cranium with clear affinities to Homo erectus. These crania also show that Homo, Paranthropus, and Australopithecus were contemporaneous at ~2 million years ago. This high taxonomic diversity is also reflected in non-hominin species and provides evidence of endemic evolution and dispersal during a period of climatic variability.
A group of moderately ill people were given hydroxychloroquine, which appeared to ease their symptoms quickly, but more research is needed.
Authors: Tavares MG, Tedesco-Silva Junior H, Pestana JOM Abstract Early hospital readmission (EHR), defined as all readmissions within 30 days of initial hospital discharge, is a health care quality measure. It is influenced by the demographic characteristics of the population at risk, the multidisciplinary approach for hospital discharge, the access, coverage, and comprehensiveness of the health care system, and reimbursement policies. EHR is associated with higher morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. Monitoring EHR enables the identification of hospital and outpatient healthcare weaknesses and t...
Matthew FeeneyDeadly misinformation spread across social media long before COVID-19 emerged, but amid the ongoing pandemic attempts to tackle such content are once again in the limelight. These efforts provide an opportunity for classical liberals to emphasize the importance of freedom of association and to prepare for discussions about how private institutions handle misinformation amid a crisis.Too often we think of the freedom of speech to be a freedom that protects speakers from government censorship. And while the freedom to speak is a necessary condition for a functioning liberal society it&rsqu...
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Zoologischer AnzeigerAuthor(s): Clóvis Coutinho da Motta-Neto, Oscar Akio Shibatta, Allyson Santos de Souza, Ricardo de Souza Rosa, Wagner Franco Molina
Conditions: Plasmodium Falciparum Infection; Malaria Interventions: Biological: VRC-MALMAB0100-00-AB (CIS43LS); Other: Normal saline Sponsors: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); Malaria Research and Training Center; Faculté de Médecine Pharmacie d'Odontostomatologie; University of Sciences, Techniques,&Technologies of Bamako (USTTB); Vaccine Research Center; University of Washington; Harvard School of Public Health Not yet recruiting
April 1 (Reuters)—The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said malaria drugs hydroxychloroquine and related chloroquine are in shortage due to a surge in demand because of the coronavirus pandemic. The drugs, which have been tried with some success to treat the illness caused by the virus, were added to the agency’s website that lists... [Read More]