Cardiac sympatho-vagal balance and ventricular arrhythmia

A hallmark of cardiovascular disease is cardiac autonomic dysregulation. The phenotype of impaired parasympathetic responsiveness and sympathetic hyperactivity in experimental animal models is also well documented in large scale human studies in the setting of heart failure and myocardial infarction, and is predictive of morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in emergency revascularisation strategies for myocardial infarction, device therapy for heart failure and secondary prevention pharmacotherapies, mortality from malignant ventricular arrhythmia remains high.
Source: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Bergland OU, Søraas CL, Larstorp ACK, Halvorsen LV, Hjørnholm U, Hoffman P, Høieggen A, Fadl Elmula FEM Abstract PURPOSE: The blood pressure (BP) lowering effect of renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) in treatment-resistant hypertension shows variation amongst the existing randomised studies. The long-term efficacy and safety of RDN require further investigation. For the first time, we report BP changes and safety up to 7 years after RDN, compared to drug adjustment in the randomised Oslo RDN study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with treatment-resistant hypertension, defined...
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Authors: Sabet Sarvestani F, Azarpira N Abstract Heart and cerebral infarctions, as two important ischemic diseases, lead to the death of tissues due to inadequate blood supply and high mortality worldwide. These statuses are started via blockage of vessels and depletion of oxygen and nutrients which affected these areas. After reperfusion and restoration of oxygen supply, more severe injury was mediated by multifaceted cascades of inflammation and oxidative stress. microRNAs (miRNAs) as the regulator of biological and pathological pathways can adjust these conditions by interaction with their targets. Also, miRNAs...
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Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Hande Gurbuz Aytuluk, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu
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Authors: Tsujioka S, Nozoe M, Kawano Y, Suematsu N, Kubota T Abstract A 70-year-old woman with situs inversus totalis underwent catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Although her morphologic left atrium (LA) was enlarged, we performed cryoballoon ablation and liner radiofrequency ablation of the cava-tricuspid isthmus without mapping atrial arrhythmias. However, a different form of atrial tachycardia (AT) recurred. We performed catheter ablation a second time using a three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system. AT was not terminated by the liner ablation at the roof of morphologic LA an...
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Background: Approximately 5.7 million people in the United States are diagnosed and living with heart failure (HF), with projected prevalence rates to increase 46% by 2030. Heart failure leads hospital admissions in the United States for individuals 65 years or older, with many acute exacerbation admissions resulting from a lack of medication management, poor patient treatment plan adherence, and lack of appropriate follow-up within the health care system. In 2017, the 30-day HF readmission rate at the facility of implementation was 27%, 3% higher than the national average and, more specifically, 18.5% for the cardiac ca...
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Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the impact of a nurse discharge navigator on reducing 30-day readmissions for the heart failure and sepsis populations. Primary Practice Setting: The 238-bed community hospital in central Virginia is part of a health care system that encompasses 13 acute care facilities. Methodology and Sample: The aim of this project was to identify, implement, and evaluate the transition of care of high-risk readmission patients from January 2019 to April 2019. Inclusion criteria included patients who were 55 years and older, English speaking, dia...
Source: Professional Case Management - Category: Health Management Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Abstract A hallmark of cardiovascular disease is cardiac autonomic dysregulation. The phenotype of impaired parasympathetic responsiveness and sympathetic hyperactivity in experimental animal models is also well documented in large scale human studies in the setting of heart failure and myocardial infarction, and is predictive of morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in emergency revascularisation strategies for myocardial infarction, device therapy for heart failure and secondary prevention pharmacotherapies, mortality from malignant ventricular arrhythmia remains high. Patients at highest risk or those with ...
Source: Autonomic Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Auton Neurosci Source Type: research
More News: Arrhythmia | Brain | Cancer & Oncology | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Emergency Medicine | Heart | Heart Attack | Heart Failure | Hyperactivity | Neurology | Neuroscience | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Study | Ventricular Arrhythmia