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Quitting smoking during the second half of the menstrual cycle may help women kick the habit

Follow me on twitter @hricciot Nearly every woman will acknowledge that her menstrual cycle affects her mood and behavior. An estimated 85% of women experience premenstrual syndrome one to two weeks before her period, which may include moodiness, anxiety, irritability, or food cravings along with physical symptoms such as bloating and breast tenderness. Studies suggest that women are more likely to engage in addictive behaviors, such as cigarette smoking, in the first half of the menstrual cycle, that is the time between the start of your period and ovulation. The underlying reason is thought to be that the hormone estradiol (a form of estrogen) is higher in the first half of the menstrual cycle, and it promotes addictive behaviors such as smoking and relapse from quitting. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the hormone progesterone is higher, and this protects against smoking and relapse. Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania studied a group of women who wanted to quit smoking. They used a special type of MRI, called functional MRI (fMRI) to follow the activity in the parts of the brain that help control addictive behavior and tracked this activity throughout the course of the menstrual cycle. They found that in the first half of the menstrual cycle (the follicular phase, as the egg matures but before ovulation) there was less activity in brain regions that helps make good decisions and in the reward center. Conversely, thes...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Behavioral Health Prevention Smoking cessation Women's Health Source Type: news

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DISCUSSION: Mental health services should focus on integrated approaches via multimodal treatment interventions that encapsulate harm reduction and educational initiatives: Despite the modest sample, the findings have emphasized the importance of a broad range of treatment approaches delivered within a unitary delivery system. PMID: 29461932 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Dual Diagnosis - Category: Addiction Tags: J Dual Diagn Source Type: research
Each of the co-authors worked with Athina Markou, at different stages of our careers and in different capacities, to develop, optimize and utilize animal models of drug addiction and, more generally, mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression and schizophrenia. Here, we briefly summarize some of our work with Athina, primarily involving the use of the intracranial self-stimulation and intravenous drug self-administration procedures. This work established that excessive consumption of addictive drugs can induce profound dysfunction in brain reward circuits.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Kratom, a controversial herbal supplement used for pain relief, is likely behind a salmonella outbreak that has affected 20 states, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Mitragyna speciosa, commonly called kratom, is often billed as a safer alternative to conventional painkillers. But the supplement made headlines a few weeks ago, when Food and Drug Administration (FDA) officials said that kratom contains the same addictive, potentially dangerous chemicals found in opioids, and submitted a review to that effect to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The bad news about kratom continues wi...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime onetime public health Source Type: news
(University of Johannesburg) Researchers can now remove the anxiety drug Diazepam from recycled water and wastewater, using low-cost titanium dioxide nanofibers. First marketed as Valium, Diazepam is available in hundreds of brands. The drug is one of three benzodiapezines in the World Health Organisation list of essential medicines, but is also widely abused as an addictive prescription drug. In cities running out of water, removing pharmaceuticals from wastewater in a simple, low cost way is becoming a priority.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
When a doctor in your hospital system kills himself, the entire medical staff receives a mass email informing everyone of “Dr. So-and-So’s sudden unexpected death”. Thoughts and prayers for his family and loved ones. Perhaps a link to your Employee Assistance Program is provided, for those who may need counseling or grief assistance.  This is followed later that day with another email detailing the schedule for the final arrangements. Calling hours. Funeral. Directions to the church.Not everyone will have known the physician. So most scan the email and then go about thei...
Source: Buckeye Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: blogs
The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Standards Manual, Edition V (2013) reports that between 2 and 6% of the general population have a hoarding disorder. Once considered a type of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), hoarding is now regarded as a serious clinical condition co-morbid with diagnoses of depression, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorders, attention deficit disorder, and sometimes psychosis given the delusional levels of denial that hoarders often present (Frost, Stekelee, Tolin, 2011). Hoarders engage in excessive acquisition of items, whether those items have real world value or not,...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Anxiety Caregivers Children and Teens Essays Family Grief and Loss Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Personality Psychodynamic Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD Trauma Treatment Abuse Anxiety Disorder bullying Comorb Source Type: news
AbstractThe current research examined the capability of materialism, pain of paying, social anxiety, social support, and loneliness to predict compulsive buying. A sample of students attending a public university located in the northeast USA were surveyed. A multiple regression indicated materialism, pain of paying, anhedonia, coping with substances, and social support received from family were predictors of compulsive buying. Pain of paying was the strongest predictor of compulsive buying. Understanding factors that affect compulsive buying aids the identification of compulsive buying and informs the treatment of compulsi...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
Codependency is a behavior, not a biological illness. It can, however, run in families. By perpetuating the same type of behavior through several generations, dysfunctional relationships can emerge. Codependency can often stem from taking care of a close friend or family member with a substance abuse or chronic mental health issue. While the impulse to take care of another may be a virtuous and helpful decision, it may also arise from a need to control. Codependency, or as some call it, “relationship addiction”, occurs when the care-taker needs to control his or her own anxiety through another person. There is...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Abuse Addictions Codependence Narcissism Relationships & Love Self-Esteem Stress Caretaking Codependency Couples Dating love addiction Relationship Addiction Source Type: news
Conclusion offered by NHS Choices) This study showed some promising initial findings for a new way of managing auditory hallucinations in people with schizophrenia. It may be possible for people to be able to learn how to better control and cope with the sounds they hear by using a process of computer feedback. But this was only a pilot study and wasn’t designed to fully evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment. To do this would require: A much larger number of participants to see whether the effects could be consistently detected and not down to chance. A control group. It may be helpful to compare the results w...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Technology auditory auditory hallucinations Brain-Training fMRI fMRI neurofeedback literacy neurocognitive neuroimaging NHS NHS Choices schizophrenia video-game Source Type: blogs
(Lancaster University) More than half of GPs in the UK are planning to leave general practice says the first look at the recruitment crisis.More than a thousand GPs have sought professional help from the NHS GP Health Service in the past year, with most cases involving stress, anxiety and depression and about 2% addiction.One in four have already left the profession but only one in five new medical graduates choose to become GPs.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
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